European and US suppliers in China (Part 1): Shanghai, Jiangsu, eastern China
Increased demand leads to enhanced local production and R&D capabilities
The total sales of all types of vehicles in China, the world's largest car market, increased by 6.1% year-over-year (y/y) to 20.17 million units (on factory shipment basis) for the period between January and November 2014. Passenger car sales alone in China rose by 9.2% y/y to 17.64 million units for the same period. The strong sales of passenger cars supported the Chinese car market, since there was a decrease in sales of commercial vehicles. The China Association of Automobile Manufacturers predicts that total sales for all vehicle types will be around 23 million units for the full-year 2014.
The Volkswagen (VW) Group has the top share in the Chinese car market. The group sold 3.25 million units between January and November 2014 in China, a 16.0% increase y/y, expanding its share by more than 1% to 15.4%. General Motors Company (GM), second only to VW, sold 1.67 million units for the same period. GM recorded a 11.3% growth y/y, moderately expanding its share to 7.9%. PSA Peugeot Citroen and Ford Motor Company also largely increased their sales volume in China.
Under these circumstances, European and U.S. automakers are actively investing in China, expecting the market to further grow. VW and GM in particular plan to invest in China, in order to increase their production capacity to over 4 million vehicles each. In response to these automakers' investments, European and U.S. automotive parts suppliers are also strengthening their production and research and development (R&D) capabilities in China.
This report summarizes activities of key European and U.S. parts suppliers in and around Shanghai, in eastern China, between the end of 2013 and mid-December 2014. Activities in other regions will be reported separately.
Summary of activities in Eastern China:
|New companies, plants launch operations||BorgWarner (turbochargers), Bosch/Mahle (turbochargers), Continental (instrument panel/driving assistance/MHI),Cummins (turbochargers), Federal-Mogul (relocation and integration of bearing plants, exhaust insulating sleeves), GKN (powder metallurgy parts), Johnson Control (establishing interior parts JV), Novelis (aluminum sheets), Roechling (intake manifolds, etc.), SKF (bearings), Sogefi (suspension and engine system components), ThyssenKrupp (steering and damper systems, cylinder head covers), Visteon (interior and plastic parts), ZANINI (wheel covers)|
|Boost production capacity||Bosch (high-pressure oil pumps), GKN (drive shafts), TRW (steering wheels), Schaeffler (transmission parts)|
|Add production items||Dana (multi-layer steel gaskets), Delphi (fuel pumps and injectors for direct injection engines), ZF (9-speed AT)|
|R&D center||Establish||Delphi, Eaton, Harman, Plastic Omnium, SKF, Tenneco, TRW|
|Expand||Mahle, MANN+HUMMEL, ZF|
|Headquarters for China/Asia-Pacific region||IAC (newly established), Lear (newly established), ZF(Expansion)|
|Reorganize business||Halla Visteon Climate Control (acquiring 100% ownership of an affiliated company),
Johnson Matthey (acquiring a plant),
KSPG (transferring majority share in German subsidiary to Chinese company),
Visteon (selling local subsidiary (JV))
Japanese Suppliers in China (3):Northern/ Northeastern/ Southwestern Regions (Aug. 2013)
Japanese suppliers in China (2): Southern and Central Regions (Aug. 2013)
Japanese suppliers in China (1): Eastern China Region (Jul. 2013)