Fee based data & Report

MarkLines has sale partner agreements with the following benchmarking business companies.

Munro & Associates

  Munro & Associates is an engineering company located in Auburn Hills, Michigan, U.S. Since its founding in 1988, the company has sought to realize Lean Design® by offering design proposals based on Design Profit® software analyses of vehicle teardowns and data consigned by automakers.

  For its first teardown carried out without the involvement of an OEM, Munro & Associates analyzed a BMW i3 with a range extender. The company purchased the vehicle with its own funds and converted detailed analyses of roughly 65,000 components into data that for the vehicle as a whole fills around 54,000 pages. Each component’s costs (prices for standard components are estimated) are calculated, which is useful for cost reduction activities and design proposals.

Major Characteristics of the BMW i3

CFRP body structure CFRP body structure
The cabin space where passengers ride has been dubbed the life module. It is made of CFRP, which gives it extremely high body rigidity, dimensionally perfect build and impact safety performance, while also significantly reducing weight. These seemingly contrasting goals are achieved by forming the CFRP body with resin transfer molding, and applying thickness or shaping to individual areas as needed to gain the necessary strength.  All of the CFRP parts are joined through bonding, with those connections having a total length of up to 160 m.
Aluminum chassis frame Aluminum chassis frame
The aluminum frame, which is part of the drive module, is equipped with powertrain components including the drive motor and transmission; as well as parts like the battery, range extender (power generator) for the engine, large lithium-ion battery, and front and rear suspension. Moreover, the aluminum frame has been designed to weld die castings to aluminum extrusions to absorb impact during collisions in order to keep the CFRP cabin from deforming.
High-voltage battery High-voltage battery
The aluminum battery case is fitted with 8 lithium-ion battery modules and positioned below the cabin floor. Positioning the batteries in this manner lowers the center of gravity of the vehicle and increases body rigidity. The battery case is equipped with a battery cooling system that uses AC refrigerant and an electric heater to handle hot and cold weather conditions.
EV powertrain system

EV powertrain system
The driver motor has an output of 125 kW and maximum torque of 250 NM. The BMW can accelerate from 0-100km/h in 7.3 seconds and activated a speed limiter when it achieves its maximum speed of 150km/h. Vehicles equipped with a range extender have a 2-cylinder 647 cc engine for electric generation that has an output of 28 kW.

Environmentally friendly materials for the interior Environmentally friendly materials for the interior
Of the plastic used for the BMW i3’s interior, 25% (weight ratio) is recycled or recyclable material. Recycled PET bottles are just one of the materials used to make the seats to consist of 100% recycled materials. The dashboard and door panels partially adopt Kenaf fiber. Natural DECCAN hemp fiber is available for door trims as an option.

Sales units, Pricing

  (1) The vehicle as a whole (54,000 pages) : 4,200,000 JPY
  (2) By component (65,000 components):

  * 1. Extracting specific material types such as resins or aluminum, or particular components like ECU`s or sensors is possible.
    Reports include by-component material information, manufacturing methods used, tons of mold press force, and estimated costs.

  * 2. We are taking orders for teardown analyses of vehicles other than the BMW i3. Please contact us for more information.

Zone Main components Price (JPY)
Zone 1: Body Life Module (= Upper Body), Door and Closures, Latches, Seals / Adhesives / Chemicals 1,300,000
Zone 2:  Exterior Rear Quarter Panels,  Fascias, Badging,Fenders,  Door Exterior Windowshield / Wipers,  Head Lamp / Tail Lamp/ Fog Lamp,  CHMSL (Center High Mounted Stop Lamp ) 700,000
Zone 3:  Chassis Chassis Frame, Suspension,  Brakes,   Elect. Parking Brake,   Brake Lines,   Elect. Pwr Steering,  Wheels & Tires,  Sealant Kit / Pump 1,050,000
Zone 4:  Battery System Battery Pack,  DC / DC Converter, Power Module, 12V Battery, Battery Harness, Charger 1,500,000
Zone 5: Electronics System Electronics,  Infortainment,  Body Control Module, Fuse Box 1,050,000
Zone 6:  Cooling Pack& HVAC Cooling( Battery / Engine), Radiator, HVAC,  Evap.  Condenser,Compressor 600,000
Zone 7: Driveline Driveline, Motor, Gear Box, Half Shaft 700,000
Zone 8:  Range Extender System Range Extender System, Engine, Generator, Fuel and Tank, Exhaust/Shields, Engine Dress & Harness, Electric Control Unit 1,200,000
Zone 9:  IP(Instrument Panel) & Interior Trim IP and Harness, Cross Car Beam, Floor Console / Shifter, Door Trim, Headliner, Carpet / Mats, Trunk Trim, Pedal Box, Steering Wheel 1,100,000
Zone 10:  Seats Seats, Seatbelt, Air Bag, Safety 800,000



MarkLines Co. Ltd., Consulting Services Department
Person in charge: Shinobu Miyaura
Phone: +81-3-5785-1385

LTEC Corporation.

Since its founding in 1988, LTEC Corporation has utilized its semiconductor based analysis techniques and experience in research for intellectual property like patents to provide clients with technological information in the form of reports according to their requests.

The company currently carries out benchmarking activities, from component acquisition to analysis, for a wide variety of products like semiconductors, and also handles a range of projects including patent research. LTEC does research analysis for around 400 items per year, and generates reports for sale that take advantage of this expertise.

Reports for sale

 MarkLines offers the following reports analyzing new devices for sale:

LTEC's analysis track record => Around 400 components analyzed yearly!

2016 results

  • Electric regulation devices for powertrains
    E.g.: All kinds of ECUs, controllers for EVs and HVs, idling stop devices, batteries, a variety of internal elements
  • Systems and devices for driving safety
    E.g.: Steering, lighting, ad airbag systems, devices for ADAS
  • Devices for vehicle bodies
    E.g.: Meters, displays such as navigation systems, heater units, power windows, audio tuners

Analysis report – battery cell supervisory unit circuit board

Product overview Product overview
Use: In-vehicle Cell Monitoring Unit
Size: 116 mm x 75 mm
No. of lamination layers: 4
No. of components: 445
No. of terminals: 1,174
Installed components (BOM) Installed components (BOM)
Components are separated from the circuit board and analyzed to determine their type and constant elements.
It is also possible to make orders for component charts only for the purpose of cost analysis.
Circuit board membrane exclusion
Circuit board membrane exclusion
Circuit board layer removal observation
X-ray images (image above) indicate that there are 4 laminated layers and wiring is done via through holes.
Based on this information, wiring information can be extracted by excluding membranes on each layer.
Layout wiring
Layout wiring
Layout wiring
The image above shows a photo of the wiring on a particular layer. Everything down to spots can be identified clearly. Wiring data was automatically extracted from this photo as can be seen in the image below, and a pattern can be established with pictures that do not have fluctuation. This is highly reliable information as no human processing was carried out.
Circuit diagrams

Circuit diagrams
Flat circuit diagrams are created from the extracted wiring information, and along with providing a clear view of components like the power nodes and main routing, information is arranged functionally so that operations are easy to understand.

Library data for the output based on the PDF circuit diagram and EDIF are available. Separate from this, data can also be delivered in CAD format (option).

Cross probing tool Cross probing tool
A cross probing tool allows component and wiring layouts to be highlighted on the circuit diagram.
Optional analysis
Optional analysis

Optional analysis
The analyses mentioned until here show the detailed characteristics of the product. If means including transistor multiplier measurement, provision of layout data, structural analysis (cross-section, composition, etc.), thermal analysis, and noise analysis were used, provision of data attained from these measures is also possible (optional).

Cross-section structural analysis
Thermal analysis
Noise analysis


MarkLines Co. Ltd., Consulting Services Department
Person in charge: Shinji Shimaoka
Phone: +81-3-5785-1385


Fomalhaut Techno Solutions

  Fomalhaut Techno Solutions was established in 1994. Since then its business has expanded from analysis of mobile communications equipment to automotive fields. In recognition of the company's capabilities, it currently has established a loyal customer base.

  Unlike LTEC, Fomalhaut doesn't do teardown analyses down to the level of chips and circuit boards. Rather, the company excels at activities like carrying out a general analysis of parts and projection of the function of circuit boards and other components is carried out based on observations of the interior and exterior of electric devices; as well as creating block diagrams. These research methods make Fomalhaut comparatively speedy and economical, and it handles an average of 10 projects per month, including devices unrelated to the automotive industry.

Reports for sale

MarkLines offers the following analysis reports and BOMs for new devices for sale:


Our Services

Specifications Specifications
A list of component information including use, vehicles that use the parts, and supplier names; as well as visually observed specs.
Teardown Teardown overview
General structure can be determined at a glance, and this information also serves as an index for the pages below.
Block Diagram Block Diagram
Fomalhaut utilizes its knowledge to represent the entire structure of parts, including assumptions. All functions are represented in the block diagram, and while the details of circuits are not known, in combination with the teardown photo taken from above mentioned previously, a general idea of the structure of the part can be ascertained.
Teardown of circuit boards Observation of circuit boards
While each layer is not separated, mounted elements are analyzed and block diagrams verified to create BOMs and costing.
Microscopic observation Microscopic observation
Areas to be represented by points are magnified to gain a detailed understanding of the technology. While there is no internal analysis of circuit boards or elements performed, general inferences attained through means like examining the circuits and block diagrams makes this a useful form of analysis.
A list with a general view of components based on the analysis methods noted previously. Starting from weight, (some components only) components are organized by categories ranging through price.


MarkLines Co. Ltd., Consulting Services Department
Person in charge: Shinji Shimaoka
Phone: +81-3-5785-1385