Tier 1 suppliers: Autonomous, Connected, and Mobility related businesses

Current status at Bosch, Continental, ZF, Valeo, and Magna

2019/02/01

Summary

The businesses of major Tier 1 suppliers are heating up in the areas of autonomous driving, connected cars, and mobility services. Suppliers are working with OEMs and EV automakers to jointly develop and conduct field testing of autonomous vehicles equipped with vehicle control systems for steering and braking with conventional products such as semiconductors and various sensors (e.g. cameras, LiDAR, radars). In addition, major Tier 1 suppliers are increasingly collaborating with IT companies and startups specializing in technologies such as AI and software, strengthening their in-house research and development capabilities.


This report provides an overview of the business trends in 2018 among the five major western Tier 1 suppliers in areas such as autonomous driving and connected cars, as well as some of the key announcements made by these suppliers at the CES 2019.

 

CES 2019 announcements (excerpts)

ZF ProAIファミリー e.GO Mover 自動運転ロボタクシー
Bosch driverless electric concept shuttle Continental “CUbE” autonomous electrified development platform Magna flexible seating system for new mobility and autonomous vehicles

 

Recent trends among Tier 1 suppliers in the areas of autonomous driving and connected solutions (excerpts)

Bosch ・CES 2019: Bosch unveiled a driverless electric concept shuttle equipped with the technologies required for mobility services such as sensors and vehicle computers.
・Bosch and Daimler are conducting joint development of autonomous driving systems. The systems adopt NVIDIA's AI platform and the two companies plan to introduce fully autonomous vehicles into a transportation network they plan to introduce to market by 2021.
・Bosch will collaborate with EV manufacturer e.GO to develop an automated valet parking service.
・Bosch established its new Connected Mobility Solutions division. The company also jointly conducted field testing of cellular V2X (vehicle-to-everything) and next generation 5G (5th generation mobile communication system) technologies with Vodafone and Huawei.
Continental ・CES 2019: Continental announced its Continental Urban Mobility Experience (CUbE) autonomous electrified development platform, a driverless parcel delivery vehicle generally considered as a solution for urban last one mile mobility, that carries its RoboDog robots to deliver parcels to the customer’s doorstep.
・Continental has partnered with EasyMile, to offer driverless EVs.
・Based on NVIDIA's AI automatic driving platform, Continental plans to introduce Level 3 autonomous vehicle systems integrated with Continental's sensors in 2021.
・Continental has conducted field testing of its Cruising Chauffeur highway driving support system.
・Continental has partnered with Vodafone and plans to develop a service that utilizes technologies such as 5G, cellular V2X, and mobile edge computing.
ZF ・CES 2019: ZF exhibited an autonomous driving robo-taxi equipped with ZF’s ProAI RoboThink supercomputer using AI technology and its Trendsetting Cockpit jointly developed with Faurecia for autonomous vehicles.
・ZF’s ProAI will be installed in the autonomous driven e.GO Mover shuttle that will be manufactured by the e.GO Moove GmbH joint venture with e.GO, a compact EV automaker, with plans to start volume production from 2019. The ZF ProAI adopts the NVIDIA DRIVE AutoPilot.
・ZF is promoting autonomous driving technology for commercial vehicles. The company displayed its Innovation Van to demonstrate parcel delivery services.
・ZF jointly developed a cloud platform with Microsoft for mobility services.
Valeo ・CES 2019: Valeo exhibited its autonomous car, the Valeo Drive4U, as well as its connected computer vision camera, the Valeo XtraVue Trailer for trailers. The Valeo Drive4U is equipped with various Valeo sensors (ultrasound, cameras, lasers, radars, and LiDARS) and artificial intelligence. The Valeo Drive 4U is equipped with various sensors such as cameras, laser scanners and AI technology.
・Valeo announced its image recognition system Valeo XtraVue which utilizes 5G and V2V networks, and its Valeo Park4U Home automated parking system. It also announced its second generation SCALA 2 laser scanner.
Magna ・CES 2019: Magna unveiled its flexible seating system for new mobility and autonomous vehicles.
・Magna partnered with Lyft, a ridesharing service provider, to jointly develop self-driving systems.
・Magna developed its ICON RADAR system and a 3D surround view system. Magna also plans to mass produce solid state LiDAR that support autonomous driving at Level 4 to 5 capability and supply the LiDAR to the BMW Group.


Related reports:
Hannover Show (Part 2) DAF, Iveco, Ford, BMC, ZF, and Bosch (November 2018)
CEATEC JAPAN 2018: Connected cars technology (November 2018)
NVIDIA’s DRIVE AGX AI platform for autonomous driving (October 2018)
European and U.S. Tier 1 suppliers: Electrification business trends (July 2018)
Top 30 global supplier rankings for FY 2017 (July 2018)
WCX18: SAE World Congress Experience - Mobility and Connectivity (May 2018)
WCX18: SAE World Congress Experience - Autonomous Technology (April 2018)
European and U.S. Tier 1 China business: NEVs, autonomous driving, and connected cars (May 2018)
CES 2018: Autonomous and HMI technology applications and examples (January 2018)



Bosch: Promotion of connected mobility solutions, and the development of driverless vehicles with Daimler

Bosch is currently developing systems and components for autonomous and connected electric shuttle buses. At the CES 2019, Bosch unveiled a driverless electric concept shuttle equipped with the technologies required for mobility services such as electric powertrains, 360-degree surround sensors, connectivity management, and vehicle computers.

In early 2018, Bosch announced the establishment of its new Connected Mobility Solutions division. The division will develop and sell mobility services such as car sharing, ride sharing, and connectivity-based services. Bosch, Vodafone, and Huawei jointly conducted field testing of connected cars using cellular V2X (vehicle-to-everything) and next generation 5G (5th generation mobile communication system) technologies. Bosch is continuing its collaboration with startups to develop businesses such as connected car and ride sharing services.

Bosch and Daimler are conducting joint development of autonomous driving systems. The systems adopt NVIDIA's AI platform and the two companies plan to introduce fully autonomous vehicles into a transportation network they plan to introduce to market by 2021. In the second half of 2019, they plan to conduct testing of an autonomous ride-hailing service in the U.S. In addition, Bosch will collaborate with EV manufacturer e.GO to develop an automated valet parking service.

コンセプトシャトル コネクテッドサービスデモンストレーター e.GOと自動バレーパーキングで提携
Driverless electric concept shuttle equipped with the technologies required for mobility services (CES 2019) Connected Service Demonstrator
Demonstrates the relation of Connected service, Interior components and Cloud on sliding display.
Bosch will collaborate with e.GO to develop an automated valet parking service (Source: Bosch)

 

Connected Mobility Solutions

Mobility solutions Bosch exhibited a driverless electric concept shuttle with integrated services at the CES 2019. The vehicle is equipped with the technologies required for mobility services such as electric powertrains, 360-degree surround sensors, connectivity management, and vehicle computers. The company is currently developing systems and components for autonomous and connected electric shuttle buses and in the future will be offering a suite of mobility services that include booking, sharing, networking platforms, parking and charging services, and software solutions for managing and maintaining vehicles. (From a press release dated December 12, 2018)
At the CES 2019, Bosch unveiled its latest mobility solutions equipped on a vehicle based on the Audi A3 e-tron model. Its integrated charging and navigation solution notifies the driver precisely when their EV will run out of power as well as provides information on where they can find the next charging location. In addition, Bosch exhibited its MirrorLink data transmission standard that supports the mySPIN smartphone integration solution, a cloud-based system that sends a warning to wrong-way drivers and all road users at risk nearby within 10 seconds, as well as its Electronic Horizon system that provides data on road inclines and the sharpness of bends in the road to complement navigation data, enabling vehicles to think ahead to enhance both safety and convenience. (From a press release dated December 13, 2018)
Established its new Connected Mobility Solutions division In early 2018, Bosch announced the establishment of its new Connected Mobility Solutions division. With more than 600 associates, the division will develop and sell mobility services such as car sharing, ride sharing, and connectivity-based services. The latest of these is the ridesharing service offered by U.S. startup Splitting Fares (SPLT), a Bosch subsidiary, and COUP, also a Bosch subsidiary, which provides e-scooter rental services in Berlin. (From a press release dated February 21, 2018)
Enters the ride sharing business
Acquisition of SPLT, a U.S. startup
Bosch announced that it is entering the ridesharing business through the acquisition of Splitting Fares Inc. (SPLT), a U.S. startup. SPLT operates a platform that allows companies, universities and municipalities to offer their employees ridesharing services, with approximately 140,000 users in the U.S., Mexico, and Germany. Bosch's employees in Mexico are already using the service, but going forward plans to deploy the service company-wide. (From a press release dated February 21, 2018)
5G-V2X
Field testing with Vodafone and Huawei
Bosch, Vodafone, and Huawei are the first companies in Europe to jointly conduct field testing of connected cars using cellular V2X (vehicle-to-everything) and next generation 5G (5th generation mobile communication system) technologies. Field testing conducted on the A9 freeway in Germany demonstrated that the new mobile communication technology enables the direct and instantaneous exchange of information between vehicles, enabling improved support for advanced driver-assistance systems such as adaptive cruise control (ACC). ACC functions to automatically accelerate and applies the brakes. (From a press release dated January 24, 2018)
Connected car services
Partnership with startup Mojio of Canada
Bosch is investing in Canadian startup Mojio to jointly develop connected car services such as vehicle communications, diagnostics, and crash detection and notification. Mojio has gathered real-world data from more than 7 billion miles of driving from subscribers to network services from Deutsche Telekom in Europe and T-Mobile in North America. (From a press release dated June 27, 2018)
Vehicle network software
Partnership with U.S. startup Veniam
Bosch announced that it is partnering with the U.S. startup Veniam on developing V2X technology solutions. Veniam is a Silicon Valley-based startup developing software for connected cars and autonomous vehicle networks. Bosch manufactures an all-in-one central control unit for V2X data communications that integrates two separate connectivity and telematics units. Vehicles equipped with the Bosch unit utilize Veniam's software solution to access Wi-Fi networks in urban areas and cellular networks in other areas. (From a press release dated December 5, 2018)

 

Automated driving

Adoption of the NVIDIA platform Daimler and Bosch have selected NVIDIA’s Drive Pegasus platform, which utilizes an AI supercomputer designed specifically for autonomous vehicles. Nvidia will provide its Drive Pegasus platform powered by high performance AI automotive processors along with system software that processes the autonomous driving algorithms generated by Bosch and Daimler using machine-learning methods. (From a Daimler press release dated July 12, 2018)
Ride-hailing services for Level 4-5 autonomous vehicles Daimler and Bosch announced that it has chosen San Jose, California as its pilot city for an autonomous ride-hailing service that is set to launch in the second half of 2019. NVIDIA provides the AI platform. The ride-hailing app for the self-driving taxi service that will be operated by Daimler Mobility Services. Daimler and Bosch say they will use the pilot program in San Jose to gather information about how to best integrate fully autonomous vehicles into a transportation network they plan to introduce to the market by 2021. (From a Daimler press release dated November 8, 2018 and a Detroit Free Press article)
Automated valet parking
Partnership with e.GO
Bosch and the Aachen-based automaker e.GO have agreed to collaborate on a joint project to develop an automated valet parking service. e.GO is responsible for providing the vehicles used for the automated parking service and Bosch is responsible for the technical aspects related to the parking infrastructure. The first stage will see automated valet parking implemented using up to 12 units of the e.GO Life electric car. In the second stage, Bosch and e.GO aim to improve parking-space utilization in parking garages by utilizing automated valet parking. (From a press release dated April 11, 2018)
Brake and steering system
Control system with redundancy
Bosch is working on the development of redundant brake systems for all levels of autonomous driving. The Bosch solution for a redundant braking system consists of a combination of the iBooster electromechanical brake booster and the Electronic Stability Program (ESP). In the rare case of a failure of one of the two components, the other component can take over the braking functions without the driver having to intervene. In addition, the company is also working on the development of a steering system in which the autopilot function is activated in the event of an emergency. (From a press release dated January 16, 2018)

 

Location information and notification systems

Acquires stake in HERE HERE Technologies announced that Bosch and Continental have both agreed to acquire a 5% stake in the company of shares owned by Audi and Daimler respectively. The acquisition of HERE’s shares will allow Bosch to expand its services business and allow HERE to take a further step toward its goal of becoming a global supplier of data-based real-time location information services. (From a press release dated January 4, 2018)
Mapping services for autonomous vehicles
Investment in U.S. startup DeepMap
Robert Bosch Venture Capital GmbH will invest in the U.S. startup DeepMap. DeepMap is a software company that develops mapping services for autonomous vehicles, allowing companies to create custom high definition (HD) maps. (From a press release dated August 9, 2018)
Predictive road condition service
Partnership with Finland's Foreca
In cooperation with Finland's Foreca, Bosch will start to offer a predictive road condition service worldwide in 2020 that is based on weather forecast data. Foreca will supply Bosch with worldwide, constantly updated road weather data. Bosch selected Foreca from a number of weather data providers. The service improves the safety and availability of automated driving functions, and as more and more connected cars appear on the roads, the service will be augmented by connected vehicle data. (From a press release dated July 25, 2018)
Telematics eCall Plug (TEP) The Telematics eCall Plug (TEP) retrofit solution developed by Bosch is used by connecting it to the cigarette lighter in vehicles not equipped with an eCall automatic emergency call system, which in the event of a serious accident automatically alerts local emergency services via the 112 number standard across Europe. The Telematics eCall Plug (TEP) also uses Bluetooth to send this information to the corresponding app on the driver’s smartphone, which in turn alerts the service center of the vehicle insurers’ accident switchboard. Since March 31, 2018, every new car in Europe must be equipped with eCall, an automatic emergency call system. (From a press release dated March 18, 2018)
Bosch Japan will partner with Fujitsu to jointly launch a full-scale Telematics eCall Plug (TEP) business in the Japanese market. eCall is an automatic emergency call system that sends information via the TEP to a Bluetooth connected smartphone. The TEP has an eCall function that automatically requests rescue support in the event of an accident, and a driving data collection function. The Telematics eCall Plug (TEP) will make it possible to provide driver services such as telematics data to insurance providers that utilize driving data. (From a Japan Daily Automotive News article dated June 16, 2018)
Wrong-way driving warning system
Partnership with Germany’s Antenne Bayern radio station
Bosch has partnered with the German radio station Antenne Bayern, aiming to eliminate the number of traffic fatalities due to wrong-way drivers. The system integrates Bosch's cloud-based wrong-way driver warning system with Antenne Bayern's app for its radio listeners, immediately warning both the wrong-way drivers and all other road users nearby. There are approximately 250,000 people using the Antenne Bayern app, allowing the station to immediately warn listeners throughout the country of wrong-way drivers. In Germany, an annual average of 20 people are killed in traffic accidents involving wrong-way drivers. (From a press release dated March 16, 2018)

 

Element technologies and products

Smart cockpit Bosch introduced its smart cockpit technology at the CES 2018. By controlling the entire HMI (Human Machine Interface) through the cockpit’s computer, the system enables centralized control and synchronization of the infotainment system, the instrument cluster, and other displays so that information can be displayed anywhere in the vehicle at any given time. (From a press release dated January 8, 2018)
Bosch has developed a voice assist function that supports multiple languages and does not require external data connection for support. The Bosch voice recognition system understands and speaks 30 different languages with a total of 44 female and 9 male voices. The system understands natural sentence structures, accents and dialects. (From a press release dated January 3, 2018)
Perfectly Keyless
Keyless vehicle access system
Bosch has released its Perfectly Keyless vehicle access system that utilizes a user’s smartphone via a purpose-designed app. When the driver approaches the car, the digital key-management software connects the smartphone via the cloud to sensors embedded into the vehicle, technology which Bosch claims is as secure as fingerprint authentication. The Perfectly Keyless system can be used for passenger cars as well as commercial applications such as car sharing and fleet vehicles, which is especially convenient because there is no need to hand over a physical key even when the driver changes. Also, in the event a smartphone is lost, users can deactivate the digital key online to block access to the vehicle. (From a press release dated December 19, 2018)
MEMS development
Partnership with SiTime
Bosch, in its strategic alliance with SiTime, will develop next generation MEMS resonators used for 5G, IoT, and automotive electronics applications. These next gen MEMS resonators will enable the higher speed requirements of 5G, increase the battery life of IoT devices, and improve the reliability of driver assistance systems. SiTime has manufactured more than 1 billion MEMS timing devices to date and continues to drive innovation in 5G applications in collaboration with Intel. (From a press release on September 4, 2018)
Construction of semiconductor plant
Dresden, Germany
Bosch is constructing a semiconductor plant, with an investment amount of over EUR 1 billion, making it the single largest investment in the company's 130 year history. The new plant has an area of 100,000 square meters and is expected to employ more than 700 people. The semiconductors produced at the plant will be used primarily for the IoT and autonomous driving applications. (From a press release dated April 24, 2018)

 

R&D sites

Development of sensors for autonomous driving
Braga, Portugal
Bosch has opened a new technical center in Braga, Portugal. 200 engineers are expected to be working on the development of sensors and software functions for autonomous driving by the end of 2018. Bosch plans to engage in a 3-year joint project to study sensors for autonomous driving applications, taking a long-term joint research approach with the local University of Minho. (From a press release dated May 30, 2018)
Development of autonomous driving systems
Budapest, Hungary
The Hungary Investment Promotion Agency (HIPA) announced that Bosch will invest EUR 120 million to expand its engineering center in Budapest, Hungary. The first phase of the investment is set to be finished by 2021. The center develops autonomous driving systems and plays an important role in research and development activities related to electro mobility solutions. (From a HIPA press release dated July 10, 2018)
Expansion and relocation of research and technical center
Silicon Valley, U.S.
Bosch has moved its Research and Technology Center (RTC) in Silicon Valley in Palo Alto to a larger location in Sunnyvale, California. The total construction cost of the new center is approximately EUR 36 million. The center is working on basic research and advanced engineering in fields such as artificial intelligence (AI), sensors, and automated driving. (From a press release dated April 5, 2018)
Software Development Center
Guadalajara, Mexico
Bosch has invested USD 10 million to open new offices and an innovation hub in Guadalajara, Mexico. The new offices will focus on the development of software, artificial intelligence (AI), augmented reality, and mobility, connectivity and engineering solutions. On the first floor, Bosch has set up a shared “Connectory” workspace for experts, entrepreneurs and creators. (From a Mexico-Now article dated 5 December 2018)
Agile Project House
India
Bosch India established the Agile Project House for mobility solutions. The project house will enable Bosch India's software department and engineering service department to better respond to local requirements leveraging its global solutions. (From a Bosch Limited conference call on August 10, 2018)


Continental: Development of driverless EVs, and the expansion of R&D sites for AI technology

Continental's driverless CUbE (Continental Urban Mobility Experience) vehicle is currently in operation on the streets of Germany. At the CES 2019, Continental announced its CUbE driverless parcel delivery system that carries delivery robots as a solution for urban one last mile mobility. Also, Continental partnered with EasyMile (France) to provide driverless EVs, and is continuing to develop automatic driving solutions and deep learning technology.

Continental plans to partner with Vodafone and develop services implementing technologies such as 5G, cellular V2X, and mobile edge computing. At the CES 2019, Continental conducted live demonstrations of its 5G-Hybrid-V2X solution.

CUbE 3 CUbEと犬型の宅配ロボット 5G-Hybrid-V2X
CUbE
driverless parcel delivery vehicle
(CES 2019)
CUbE and RoboDog
(Source: Continental)
5G-Hybrid-V2X
(Source: Continental)

 

Autonomous vehicle development

CUbE
Autonomous electrified development platform
At the CES 2019, Continental announced its Continental Urban Mobility Experience (CUbE) autonomous electrified development platform, a driverless parcel delivery vehicle generally considered as a solution for urban last one mile mobility. The CUbE driverless parcel delivery vehicle carries a number of RoboDog delivery robots to the delivery destination, and the robots deliver the packages to the customer’s doorstep. (From a press release dated January 8, 2019)
Continental's Japanese subsidiary has started to develop a second generation autonomous driving test vehicle in Japan, with plans to complete development of the vehicle by the end of 2018. Continental has also decided to conduct test runs in Japan of its driverless CUbE vehicle that is currently in operation on the streets of Frankfurt. The company will field test a driverless system featuring its latest autonomous driving devices to support Japanese automakers pushing to accelerate their development of autonomous driving technologies. (From a Japan Daily Automotive News article dated May 30, 2018)
Partnering with EasyMile
Jointly develop autonomous driving solutions
Continental announced that it has partnered with EasyMile of France to form a joint research and development team to start developing autonomous driving solutions in Singapore. EasyMile is a pioneer in the development of autonomous vehicle technology and mobility solutions, and the R&D team established in Singapore in 2014 is focusing on deep learning and artificial intelligence. The new joint team’s focus will be to develop new technology centered on perception and deep learning and to prepare autonomous vehicle (AV) technology for tests towards safe deployments on private grounds and public roads in the Singaporean metro area. In Singapore, the two companies plan to test and operate automated vehicles for public transportation by the early 2020s. (From a press release dated November 15, 2018)
Continental, in collaboration with the Frankfurt transport authority VGF and others, conducted a 3 day field test of a driverless shuttle service bus on the campus of the Frankfurt University of Applied Sciences from April 17 to April 19, 2018. The aim of the trial was to collect practical experience in the operation of driverless vehicles as part of a collaboration between Continental as the technology developer, EasyMile as an intelligent mobility solution integrator and VGF as the potential future operator of such mobility systems. (From a press release dated April 18, 2018)

 

ADAS and autonomous driving systems

Alliance with NVIDIA
Development of AI-based autonomous driving systems
Continental announced that it is partnering with NVIDIA of the U.S. to develop artificial intelligence (AI) self-driving vehicle systems. Based on "NVIDIA DRIVE" platform, Continental plans to introduce Level 3 autonomous vehicle systems integrated with Continental's sensors in 2021. The partnership will enable the production of AI computer systems that scale from automated Level 2 features through full Level 5 self-driving capabilities (fully automated driving). (From a press release dated February 5, 2018)
Cruising Chauffeur
Highway driving support system
Continental is expanding automated driving field testing of its Cruising Chauffeur highway driving support system from the autobahn in Germany to routes in the state of Lower Saxony where sections of its highways and general roads are more complex. Continental is also working on fully automated driving on the autobahn by 2025. (From a press release dated April 26, 2018)
Assisted & Automated Driving Control Unit (ADCU)
Autonomous driving control system
At the CES 2018, Continental announced its Assisted & Automated Driving Control Unit (ADCU), a highly flexible computing platform for automated driving systems and the processing of huge amounts of data. When the automated driving mode is activated, data collected from the vehicle’s sensors such as cameras, radars and LiDAR are analyzed and processed by the ADCU central control unit, constructing a high-precision environment model of the vehicle’s surroundings. (From a press release dated January 3, 2018)
Two independent central control units, the Assisted & Automated Driving Control Unit (ADCU) and the Safety Domain Control Unit (SDCU)" continuously monitor the functions and operating status of an autonomous driving system. If either unit detects a fault in the system, the other unit is designed to intervene to bring the vehicle to a safe stop in the event of an emergency. This architecture has already been adopted for Continental’s Cruising Chauffeur highway driving support system. (From a press release dated January 10, 2018)

 

ADAS and autonomous driving solutions for commercial vehicles

Partnership with Knorr-Bremse
Development of system solutions for highly automated driving (HAD)
Knorr-Bremse announced that it has partnered with Continental to develop turnkey system solutions for highly automated driving (HAD) in commercial vehicles. Initially, the two companies will focus on the development of automated convoy driving (platooning) of trucks on highways (Highway Pilot). From the beginning of 2019, the joint platooning demonstrator, a convoy of three coupled trucks from different manufacturers, will demonstrate its capabilities to selected customers. The HAD system consists of environment recognition, driving planning and decision-making, as well as the control of the actuator systems in the vehicle (such as steering and brakes) and human-machine interaction. (From a press release dated September 19, 2018)
Right-hand turn assistant system for trucks Continental announced a right-hand turn assistant system for trucks at the IAA Commercial Vehicles 2018 show in Hanover. Continental’s first generation right-hand turn assistance system is radar-based, but its second generation system is equipped with a camera. The second generation system combines radar and cameras to distinguish whether a situation is dangerous or not with greater accuracy and uses artificial intelligence (AI) to tell the system in which direction a pedestrian or cyclist is likely to move. In just a few years, the right-turn assistant will be able to interpret even complex and unpredictable traffic situations accurately and warn the driver accordingly. (From a press release dated August 1, 2018)
Environmental model that captures the vehicle environment Continental is developing an environmental model that captures the vehicle environment to expand its range of solutions for the automated driving of commercial vehicles. The data from sensors such as camera, radar and LiDAR is combined with additional information such as the profile of the route ahead that is collected, evaluated and interpreted by an intelligent control unit, the Assisted and Automated Driving Control Unit (ADCU). A complex and detailed environment model is then created from the resulting data and used to implement a wider range of advanced driver assistance functions, contributing to greater road safety. (From a press release dated September 17, 2018)

 

Software for automated driving

EB robinos
Software for automated driving
Elektrobit Automotive, a wholly owned subsidiary of Continental, announced that EB robinos, its hardware-agnostic software framework for automated driving, now includes convoy tracks and free space. The Road Fusion component of the EB robinos environmental model tracks preceding vehicles to avoid obstacles and the erroneous detection of lane markings. Free space describes the vehicles surroundings in an innovative polygon description that is easy to interpret. Both complete the EB robinos perception modules to provide a 360-degree view of the vehicle’s environment. (From a press release January 24, 2018)
AUTOSAR- compliant software
Development of advanced automated driving applications
Elektrobit announced that it will begin offering Classic and Adaptive AUTOSAR-compliant software specifically developed for NXP Semiconductors' scalable S32 Automotive Processing Platform. Since this software is specifically adapted for use on the S32 platform, automakers and suppliers can more easily develop future applications for connected and automated driving, reducing both time and costs. (From a press release dated November 13, 2018)
Strengthened partnership with IPG Automotive
Simulation tool to develop ADAS and automated driving functions
The interface between the simulation software CarMaker by IPG Automotive and EB Assist Automotive Data and Time-Triggered Framework (ADTF) by Elektrobit for the development, testing, visualization, and validation of advanced driver assistance systems and automated driving functions is already an established product feature of the CarMaker product family. The new partnership facilitates optimized joint support provided by IPG Automotive and Elektrobit for their customers who use both tools. (From a press release dated March 1, 2018)

 

Connected, safety, and security

5G-Hybrid-V2X Continental is developing a 5G hybrid platform, the 5G-Hybrid-V2X. The company's Hybrid V2X solution integrates technologies not only for 4G and 5G network access, but also Dedicated Short Range Communication (DSRC) and Cellular-V2X for direct V2X communication. At the CES 2019, Continental will conduct live demonstrations of its Hybrid V2X featuring DSRC V2X integrated with a 4G telematics unit. (From a press release dated January 4, 2019)
Partnering with Vodafone Continental plans to partner with Vodafone and develop services implementing technologies such as 5G, cellular V2X, and mobile edge computing technology. Their objective is to improve the safety of German roads with smart vehicle connectivity and jointly develop innovations that will protect all road users. (From a press release dated June 10, 2018)
Telematics system for eCall Continental announced that it is ready for production of its telematics system for the eCall automatic emergency alert system, which is now required to be installed in all new cars receiving type approval after April 2018 in the European Union. The system can be adapted to the requirements of individual vehicle manufacturers and delivered on short notice. The company believes eCall will contribute not only to a reduction in the number of traffic fatalities, but also minimize traffic congestion. To further expand and enhance its telematics business, Continental is already working on integrating the new mobile network standards LTE-Advanced and 5G into the vehicle. (From a press release dated March 28, 2018)
Acquired Argus Cyber Security
to strengthen cyber security
Continental acquired Argus Cyber Security of Israel to strengthen and expand its expertise in the field of vehicle cyber security. Continental is enhancing its cyber security protection at all possible points of attack: the individual electronic system components, the communication between the in-vehicle systems, all of the vehicle’s external interfaces, and data processing that includes cloud and backend solutions. (From a press release dated February 23, 2018)
EB cadian Sync
OTA updates
Continental's Elektrobit subsidiary supplies its EB cadian Sync modular software solution that allows automakers to provide secure OTA (over-the-air) updates over a vehicle’s entire lifecycle. Argus Cyber Security also provides Continental’s Gateway solution that integrates state-of-the-art vehicle cyber security features. The OTA update capability of these systems allow OEMs to update the latest versions of software on shipped vehicles. (From press releases dated July 24, 2018, and July 19, 2018)
Acquired antenna supplier Continental announced that it will acquire Kathrein Automotive (Germany), a vehicle antenna supplier. The acquisition is expected to be finalized in the first quarter of 2019. The two companies have a successful and long-standing relationship offering connectivity solutions to market for products such as its Intelligent Antenna Modules and Multifunction Smart Device Terminal. (From a press release dated October 29, 2018)

 

Location information

Investment in HERE Continental announced that it signed a definitive agreement to acquire a 5 percent indirect ownership stake in HERE Technologies, the shares of which were to be sold by HERE’s current indirect shareholders, Audi AG, the BMW Group and Daimler AG. This new collaboration will leverage the complementary technologies of both companies, including Continental’s experience in mobility services, cyber security, embedded systems, and other technologies as well as HERE’s expertise in high-resolution digital mapping, software and cloud services. (From a press release dated January 4, 2018)
Partnering with TomTom TomTom of the Netherlands announced that it will partner with Continental's subsidiary Elektrobit to demonstrate the Electronic Horizon system for ADAS and autonomous vehicles. Combining TomTom's AutoStream and Electrobit’s EB robinos Predictor, the two companies aim to build a platform that allows automakers to power automated driving functions while reducing complexity and time to market. TomTom AutoStream is an innovative ‘Cloud to Car’ map delivery system which streams the latest map data from the TomTom Cloud to the vehicle. The EB robinos Predictor is part of the in-vehicle Electronic Horizon solution that uses map data to provide highly accurate and up-to-date information about the road ahead for predictive driver assistance functions. (From a press release dated February 26, 2018)

 

R&D sites for technologies such as AI

Increasing its team of AI experts Continental will increase its team of experts engaged in research on artificial intelligence (AI) technology from the current 400 persons to about 700 employees by 2021. Continental’s first international AIR (AI and Robotics) Days event in November 2018 was aimed at bolstering Continental’s capability as a technology company that uses artificial intelligence in all areas. The event brought together artificial intelligence experts in over 10 countries from research facilities including the University of Oxford, the Berkeley DeepDrive (BDD) Industry Consortium at the University of California, and the German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence for the purpose of exchanging ideas on areas such as the opportunities and potential for AI in production and logistics. (From a press release dated November 12, 2018)
Partnering with the AI Research Center
Germany
Continental agreed to partner with the German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence (DFKI). As part of the collaboration, the Forschungslabor Intelligente Technologien (FIT) research lab for intelligent technologies will be established at the DFKI location in Kaiserslautern. Continental will conduct research on basic AI technologies and address specific problems. Continental also plans to develop AI-based products, and in 2020 the company plans to produce neural networks on a larger scale with its fifth-generation cameras for faster object recognition. (From a press release dated June 20, 2018)
Established a research center for deep learning
Budapest, Hungary
Continental opened a deep learning research center in Budapest, Hungary in May 2018. Continental intends to expand its expertise in deep learning to enable automated driving and to support its Vision Zero, a future without accidents. The new center will create 100 new jobs in the field of artificial intelligence. The establishment of the center is also supported by the Hungarian Investment Promotion Agency (HIPA). (From a press release dated January 30, 2018)
Collaboration with the DeepDrive Center
University of California, Berkeley
Continental announced that it concluded a five-year cooperation agreement as a member of the Berkeley DeepDrive (BDD) Industry Consortium at the University of California, Berkeley to research artificial intelligence (AI). The research partnership focuses on optimizing the speed of neural networks, as well as protecting AI systems in safety-critical applications. Both Continental and BDD are driven by the goal of implementing the AI research results into series production as quickly as possible. (From a press release dated July 30, 2018)
R&D center for technologies such as autonomous driving
Queretaro, Mexico
Continental announced that it invested USD 59 million to establish a technical center in Queretaro, Mexico for the research and development of autonomous vehicles, connected cars, and electric vehicles. Continental’s new R&D center will focus on developing software and hardware for the detection of blind spots, pedestrians, potential dangers at crossroads, and alerts to objects in a vehicle’s surroundings, etc. (From a press release dated January 29, 2018, and a Mexico-Now article dated May 15, 2018)
Machine learning
Collaboration with the Indian Institute of Technology
Continental and the Indian Institute of Technology signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to collaborate on the joint research of a high computing platform and cyber security for powertrain applications. IIT Madras will contribute to Continental's ADAS business by providing its bio-inspired neural networks. (From various media sources dated May 4, 2018 and August 28, 2018)


ZF: AI equipped autonomous driven EVs, and development of cloud-based platforms

ZF is improving the performance of its ZF ProAI automotive super computer equipped with AI technology by adopting the NVIDIA DRIVE AutoPilot, NVIDIA’s Level 2+ automated driving solution. ZF’s ProAI will be installed in the autonomous driven e.GO Mover shuttle that will be manufactured by the e.GO Moove joint venture with e.GO, a compact EV automaker, with plans to start volume production from 2019. In addition, at the CES 2019 ZF exhibited an autonomous driving robo-taxi equipped with ZF’s ProAI RoboThink supercomputer using AI technology and its Trendsetting Cockpit jointly developed with Faurecia for autonomous vehicles.

ZF has jointly developed a cloud-based platform with Microsoft for mobility services, and announced its own IoT platform based on Microsoft Azure. ZF is collaborating with various organizations to promote and standardize cloud-based services, such as OTA (Over-the-Air) updates and blockchains.

ZF ProAIファミリー e.GO Mover 自動運転ロボタクシー
ZF ProAI family
supercomputer with the NVIDIA DRIVE AutoPilot
(Source: ZF)

e.GO Mover
Autonomous driven EV equipped with ZF’s ProAI
Interior: cockpit / seat
(CES 2019)

Autonomous driving robo-taxi
equipped with ZF ProAI RoboThink
(Source: ZF)

 

Autonomous driving, and image recognition systems

Autonomous driving robo-taxi ZF exhibited an automated robo-taxi at the CES 2019. The robo-taxi is equipped with ZF’s ProAI RoboThink supercomputer for autonomous driving. The vehicle is also equipped with its Trendsetting Cockpit jointly developed with Faurecia. It can maneuver without a steering wheel and pedals and is equipped with three screens. (From a press release dated January 6, 2019)
ZF ProAI
Supercomputer with the NVIDIA DRIVE AutoPilot
In January 2019, ZF announced the latest version of its automotive supercomputer ProAI. This latest generation in the ZF ProAI product family comes with its own graphics processor, offering a total computing performance of more than 150 teraOPS (the equivalent of 150 trillion calculation operations per second). The ZF ProAI adopts the NVIDIA DRIVE AutoPilot, NVIDIA's Level 2+ automated driving solution. (From a press release dated January 6, 2019)
e.GO Mover
Autonomous driven EV equipped with ZF’s ProAI
ZF announced that it is partnering with Transdev and e.GO to develop a new shared mobility solution by integrating the autonomous driven e.GO Mover shuttle with Transdev’s operating system. The e.GO Mover will be manufactured by the e.GO Moove GmbH joint venture, formed by the partners e.GO and ZF, and is equipped with electric drive systems, steering systems, and brakes as well as ZF’s ProAI central computer using artificial intelligence technology and sensors which enable automated driving functions. Transdev, through its global autonomous transport system will provide its supervision system, connected infrastructure and client application. The three partners are planning to start working together immediately to provide a fully functional solution by 2020, with priority markets in France and Germany. (From a press release dated January 7, 2019)
ZF plan to start volume production of the autonomous driven e.GO Mover electric vehicle at its Aachen Plant in Germany from 2019. Initially, the plant is scheduled to manufacture tens of thousands of vehicles per year and 1 million units in the next 5 to 7 years. (From a press release dated June 26, 2018)
Trendsetting Cockpit
Joint development of a cockpit system for autonomous vehicles with Faurecia
ZF and Faurecia have developed the Trendsetting Cockpit display concept for Level 4 autonomous vehicles without handles and pedals. The system replaces the conventional operation and display devices, integrating two additional screens into the left and right of the dashboard, allowing functions such as turn indicators, horn and windshield wipers to be activated from either side of the vehicle via a centrally positioned touchscreen. (From a press release dated June 26, 2018)
At the Paris Motor Show 2018, Faurecia unveiled its Advanced Versatile Seat Structure concept jointly developed with ZF. The all-new frame concept for front and rear seats optimizes safety in all positions of the seats. (From press releases dated September 17, 2018 and November 22, 2018)
S-Cam4
Next generation camera system in partnership with Mobileye
In partnership with Mobileye of Israel, ZF announced that it will introduce the S-Cam4 family of next generation camera systems in 2018 for major OEMs. The ZF S-Cam4 family includes Mono-cam and Tri-cam three-lens technology to support ADAS and advanced automated driving functions. (From a press release dated June 22, 2018)
3D Interior Observation System (IOS) ZF announced that it is developing a three-dimensional Interior Observation System (IOS) capable of detecting and classifying vehicle occupants, determining their size, location and position. The system provides information in real time for advanced safety systems and automated driving systems, such as whether the driver is able to quickly retake control of the vehicle in the event of an emergency. Production is expected to start in the second half of 2021. (From a press release dated October 16, 2018)

 

Autonomous driving for commercial vehicles

Innovation Van
Delivery services with autonomous EVs
At the IAA Commercial Vehicles 2018, ZF displayed its Innovation Van to demonstrate how intelligent networking, autonomous driving and all-electric drive vehicles can support parcel delivery services in meeting the requirements of the future. ZF also announced plans to invest more than EUR 12 billion in e-mobility and autonomous driving over the next five years. (From a press release dated September 19, 2018)
ENSEMBLE
Autonomous truck platooning
ZF and many of its truck manufacturer customers are involved in the European multi-brand truck platooning project called ENSEMBLE to test programs with the goal of introducing multi-brand platooning on European roads by 2021. ZF’s current portfolio has the technology to enable platooning capability such as cameras and radar sensors, the ZF ProAI supercomputer, the ReAx electrohydraulic commercial vehicle steering system as well as the transmission system. ZF has already tested the feasibility of platooning in several projects. (From a press release dated September 25, 2018)

 

Cloud, Connected, and Mobility

Partnering with Microsoft
on a cloud-based platform
ZF jointly developed a cloud-based platform for innovative mobility services with Microsoft of the U.S. The platform can be used to manage vehicle fleets, as well as micromobility solutions and charging stations. In addition to tracking a vehicle’s location and status in real time, the cloud solution offers analysis tools such as predictive maintenance. (From a Japan Daily Automotive News article dated February 2, 2018)
ZF announced that it has expanded its partnership with Microsoft to establish one of the most comprehensive digital cloud platforms in the automotive market. Products range from fleet management solutions to predictive maintenance applications based on the ZF Cloud. In 2018, ZF announced its own IoT platform based on Microsoft Azure. Closer collaboration with Microsoft will allow ZF to develop tailor-made solutions that are more customer-oriented. (From a press release dated January 8, 2019)
eSync Alliance
OTA updates and data diagnostic solutions
ZF announced that it has joined the eSync Alliance, a multi-vendor initiative for Over-the-Air (OTA) updates and diagnostic data solutions. The ESync Alliance is based around the eSync platform which links cloud computing and in-vehicle components. In addition, the system works as a shield against threats from outside the vehicle and provides two-way communications enabling software and firmware updates over-the-air, and the collection of real-time diagnostics and telematics data. (From a press release dated April 26, 2018)
MOBI
Blockchain entity
ZF announced that it joined the Mobility Open Blockchain Initiative (MOBI) as a founding member. MOBI is a group of automakers and suppliers seeking to establish a standardized blockchain network targeted at using blockchain technology to make cars safer, and more eco-friendly and affordable. A standardized blockchain network would allow cars, infrastructure, and service providers to efficiently communicate and transact directly with each other, supporting digital currency payments from vehicle-to-vehicle, tax authorities, cloud services, etc. ZF and the other members of MOBI aim to establish a unified global standard. (From a press release dated May 2, 2018)
Connectivity platform
provided to VDL Bus & Coach
ZF announced that Openmatics, a ZF subsidiary, will provide a connectivity platform to VDL Bus & Coach. The open platform includes API (Application Programming Interface) and SDK (Software Development Kit) features enabling excellent networking and function options. Openmatics will be able to offer VDL a full overview on the operational efficiency of all VDL vehicles. Also, VDL will offer a range of “Connected Services” to its customers. In the future, it is likely that the platform will allow VDL to provide over-the-air (OTA) updates of component software. (From a press release dated September 21, 2018)


Valeo: Evolution of image recognition systems, utilization of 5G and V2X

Valeo is conducting field testing of its Drive4U autonomous equipped with a variety of sensors (e.g. cameras, laser scanners) and artificial intelligence (AI). In addition, Valeo announced its XtraVue image recognition system that utilizes next generation 5G (5th generation mobile communication system) technology and V2V (vehicle-to-vehicle) networks, and unveiled its connected computer vision camera, the Valeo XtraVue Trailer for commercial tractor trailer vehicle applications at the CES 2019.

Valeo Drive4U Valeo XtraVue
Laser scanner "SCALA 2" Valeo XtraVue
Screen display showing the vehicle ahead projected as a see-through image that does not interfere with the field of vision.

 

Autonomous driving, V2X, and image recognition

Drive4U
Autonomous demo car
At the CES 2019, Valeo exhibited its autonomous car, the Valeo Drive4U, equipped with various Valeos sensors (ultrasound, cameras, lasers, radars, and LiDARS) and artificial intelligence, as well as its connected computer vision camera, the Valeo XtraVue Trailer for trailers. (From a press release dated January 7, 2019)
At the Paris Motor Show 2018, Valeo unveiled its first autonomous vehicle, the Valeo Drive 4U, and conducted test drives on the public roads of Paris. The demo car is equipped with Valeo’s ultrasonic sensors, cameras, laser scanners, radars, and artificial intelligence (AI) that can handle a wide variety of driving situations in urban environments including undivided roads, intersections, traffic lights, tunnels, as well as cyclists and pedestrians. (From a press release dated October 2, 2018)
XtraVue
Image processing system with 5G and V2
At the 2018 Viva Technology event in Paris, Valeo displayed its XtraVue vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) system that allows the driver to see what is happening on the road through the vehicle in front as well as its automated parking system, Valeo Park4U. At CEATEC Japan 2018, Valeo conducted its first demonstration of the Valeo XtraVue system using actual vehicles. (From press releases dated May 22, 2018 and October 2018)
Reference: "Valeo XtraVue" Connected Computer Vision Camera
SCALA 2
The second generation laser scanner
At the Automotive Engineering Exposition 2018 held at the Pacifico Yokohama in Japan, Valeo unveiled its second generation SCALA 2 laser scanner that is scheduled to go into production in 2020. The first generation SCALA laser scanner went into production in 2017 and is equipped on the Audi A8. The SCALA 2 features a vertical field of view of 10 degrees that is 3 times wider than the 3.2 degrees of the first generation, making it possible to recognize slopes and road surface markings. (From a press release dated May 2, 2018)
Solid state LiDAR
Driver Monitoring
Safety and autonomous driving systems for commercial vehicles
At the Hanover commercial vehicle show (IAA CV 2018), Valeo introduced a solid state LiDAR autonomous driving solution for truck applications, and Valeo Driver Monitoring, an on-board safety system that monitors driver attentiveness. In addition, Valeo also introduced its unique solutions based on its virtual smartkey system (Valeo InBlue) to make car sharing easier and safer. (From a press release dated September 19, 2018)
Collaboration with NTT DoCoMo
on mobility services using 5G and V2X
The Valeo Group and NTT DoCoMo agreed to collaborate on connected cars and mobility services. The two companies will jointly develop innovative products and solutions such as new mobility services and digital services for cars using smartphones that leverage 5th generation communications (5G) and vehicle-to-everything (V2X) technologies. (From a Japan Daily Automotive News article dated April 16, 2018)
Dynamic map
Field testing in the SIP automated driving system project
Valeo Japan announced that it will participate in field testing of dynamic maps as part of the Japanese government's Strategic Innovation Program (SIP) automated driving system project. Project participants will conduct field testing to verify aspects such as map updates and the utilization of dynamic maps linked to dynamic information. The project also serves to promote international cooperation through discussions and the exchange of views among related organizations both within and outside of Japan. (From a Japan Daily Automotive News article dated May 25, 2018)

 

Strengthening R&D organization

New test courses for autonomous driving
Tsukuba, Japan
Valeo will establish test courses to develop autonomous driving technologies near Valeo’s Tsukuba Techno Center in Tsukuba City, Ibaraki, Japan in early 2019. The test courses will be used to develop a wider range of autonomous driving technologies under various conditions such as medium and high speed ranges, and mixed traffic. In addition, Valeo will increase the number of development personnel in its autonomous driving division by 30% to 200 people with the aim of expanding its business with Japanese automakers. Other non-Japanese component suppliers such as Bosch have expanded their development organizations in Japan, and transactions with tier-1 and tier-2 suppliers are expected to increase in the future. (From a Japan Daily Automotive News article dated October 18, 2018)
Testing area for automated parking systems
Prague, Czech Republic
The Investment and Business Development Agency of the Czech Republic announced that Valeo opened a new building in its development center in Prague. More than 250 people will be employed in the new center, which cost CZK 124 million to build. The center was established in 2017 with research facilities such as a testing area for automated parking systems. (From a press release by the Investment and Business Development Agency of the Czech Republic dated April 6, 2018)
Software development
Egypt
Valeo’s R&D software development center in Egypt is hiring 400 engineers by 2020, eventually reaching a total of 2,000 engineers, to develop software for Valeo cutting edge technologies such as the Valeo Park4U automated parking system, LED and laser beam technologies, and Stop-Start systems. (From a press release dated September 23, 2018)


Magna: Partnering with Lyft to develop self-driving systems, accelerating sensor development

Magna has strengthened its capabilities for the development of sensors such as radar and LiDAR, and is partnering with Lyft, a ridesharing service provider, to jointly develop self-driving systems. Magna also supplies autonomous driving products such as sensors for the self-driving shuttles of the U.S.-based startup, May Mobility.

At the end of 2018 Magna announced a flexible seating system for new mobility and autonomous vehicles that it unveiled at the CES 2019.

モビリティ・自動運転車向けシートシステム Magnaのセンサー製品
Seating system for mobility and autonomous vehicles
Mobile Meeting / Cargo Space
(CES 2019)
Magna's sensor products lineup

 

Development of autonomous driving systems

Partnering with Lyft
Joint development of self-driving systems
Magna announced that it is partnering with Lyft, a U.S.-based rideshare service provider, to jointly fund, develop, and manufacture self-driving systems. This partnership will use data generated by the 5+ billion miles traveled per year on the Lyft network to develop self-driving vehicles. (From a press release dated March 14, 2018)
Partnering with May Mobility
to supply products for self-driving shuttles
Magna announced its partnership with May Mobility, a Michigan-based startup building self-driving shuttles. The two companies will retrofit and scale up production of May Mobility’s low-speed electric micro shuttle to be launched in the U.S. market in June, 2018. Magna supplies autonomous-ready products such as custom doors, panoramic moon roof, and sensors. (From a press release dated June 13, 2018)
Seating system for mobility and autonomous vehicles Magna announced a flexible seating system for new mobility and autonomous vehicles. The system allows for three specific seating configurations: (1) In the Car Sharing cargo mode, the seats slide on rails up under the IP to provide maximum cargo space. (2) In the Long Road Trip mode, the massage seats can be swiveled to a campfire style seating configuration. (3) In the Autonomous Ride Sharing mode, the seats can be swiveled to a conference style seating configuration. (From a press release dated December 10, 2018)

 

Development of sensors

ICON RADAR
High precision radar system
With a range of more than 300 meters, Magna's ICON RADAR continuously scans the environment, tracking objects’ distance, height, depth and speed. The system is able to detect static objects such as guard rails, road debris and speed bumps, as well as moving objects such as vehicles and pedestrians. (From a press release dated January 15, 2018)
Solid state LiDAR
Supplied to BMW
Magna and its investee Innoviz Technologies (Israel) announced that they will supply solid-state LiDAR to the BMW Group for upcoming autonomous vehicle production platforms. The company will mass produce a solid state LiDAR that supports autonomous driving at Level 4 to 5 capability. This solid-state high-resolution LiDAR technology generates a 3D point cloud in real time of the vehicle's surroundings. (From a press release dated April 26, 2018)
3D surround view system
Co-developed with Renesas Electronics
Magna and Renesas Electronics announced that they will develop a cost-efficient 3D surround view system designed for entry- and mid-range vehicles to accelerate the adoption of advanced driver-assistance systems (ADAS) in mass-produced vehicles. The 3D surround view system adopts Renesas’ "R-Car V3M" system-on-chip (SoC) optimized for smart camera and surround view systems, providing a 360-degree panoramic view to assist drivers when parking or performing low speed operations. (From a press release dated May 18, 2018)


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Keywords
Bosch, Continental, ZF, Valeo, Magna, Tier1, supplier, autonomous driving, driverless, connected, mobility, AI, cloud, 5G, V2X, electrification, EV, image recognition, camera, LiDAR, radar, NVIDIA, e.GO, CES2019

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