Detroit Auto Show 2011 (2): vehicles slated for sale and powertrains

European and US automakers will introduce vehicles with turbocharged small engines and with diesel e

2011/02/09

Summary

 The following report outlines the summary of the vehicles going on sale in the US in 2011 and after, and the powertrains with the related products (includes Denso displays) exhibited at the 2011 North American International Auto Show held in Detroit, US from January 10 to 23, 2011 ( "Detroit Auto Show").

 In the US, the improved automotive production/sales volume tells the signs of recovery, and as GM, once received the funding from the government, has been re-listed, we are beginning to see the signs of an economic upturn. At the Detroit Auto Show, Ford occupied a 25% wider floor space than last year and exhibited 75 vehicles, the entire show is back and revived.

 In this text, the abbreviations of HEV (Hybrid Electric Vehicle), EV (Electric Vehicle), and PHEV (Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle) have been utilized. Also, the details of the electric vehicles, such as the HEV exhibited by the automakers at this Detroit Auto Show, are posted in the report "Detroit Auto Show 2011 (1): electric vehicles on display" for your reference.



Toyota: New Prius, Scion iQ to go on sale in North America in 2011, the concept car based on the Sienna etc.

 Toyota has exhibited at their three brand booths as Toyota, Scion, and Lexus. Toyota has exhibited the total 10 electric vehicles under Toyota and Lexus brands such as new Prius v based on the current third generation Prius and Prius c Concept, etc. Also, the details are posted in the report "Detroit Auto Show 2011 (1): electric vehicles on display" for your reference.

 Besides the electric vehicle, Toyota has exhibited the iQ, already in the Japanese market (for the North American market, this is to go on sale in 2011), the concept car Sienna Swagger Wagon with an extended vehicle length of 1.2m from the base car, minivan Siena, exhibited at the 2011 SEMA show, and the sports car Lexus LFA to go on sale from 2011 with limited volume. The iQ features a 90hp 1.3L in-line 4 DOHC engine with Dual VVT-I (both intake and exhaust valves with variable valve timing) and CVT, for 4 passengers (3+1), and equipped with 10 air bags. Lexus LFA is equipped with the newly-developed 4.8L DOHC V10 4-valve engine with a compression ratio of 12.0, a maximum rotation speed of 9000rpm, a maximum power output of 412kW (560ps), and a maximum torque of 480N・m.

iQ production vehicle that is to go on sale in North America
iQ production vehicle that is to go on sale in North America
(this is to go on sale under the brand name Scion in the US)

 

The side view of the iQ mass production vehicle that is to go on sale in North America as well.
The side view of the iQ mass production vehicle that is to go on sale in North America as well

 

Concept car Sienna Swagger Wagon
Concept car Sienna Swagger Wagon

 

Lexus LFA
Lexus LFA

 



Honda: The new 2012 model Civic concept car

 Honda announced the 9th generation new Civic Si coupe and sedan that are going on sale in spring 2011 in North America. Honda introduced, in addition to the sedan and sporty Si with gasoline engine, HEV and natural gas GX for Civic to be accepted by a wide range of customers. Honda aligned the balanced line-up for satisfying low fuel consumption, low emission, and pleasure in driving.

 In the new model Civic, in addition to VSA (Vehicle Stability Assist) that comes standard in all models, Eco Assist has also been installed and adopted on HEV CR-Z and Insight--it changes the color of the speedometer by responding to the real-time fuel consumption rate during operation. Engine specifications and fuel economy are unpublished at this point.

 In addition, Honda exhibited the Odyssey which had been redesigned in 2010, HEV Insight and CR-Z, and EV concept Fit. Regarding the new model Odyssey, 4th generation in North America, 6-speed AT has been added on its high-end model.

New model Civic Si coupe that is to go on sale this spring
New Civic Si coupe that is to go on sale this spring

 

2011 new model Odyssey
New 2011 Honda Odyssey

 



Mazda: The subcompact car Mazda2 which was introduced into US market in 2010

 Mazda exhibited the subcompact car Mazda2 (Demio in Japan) which was introduced into the US market in 2010. 4-speed AT or 5-speed MT is installed on the 100hp 1.5L in-line 4 engine and ABS with EBD (Electronic Brake force Distribution system), traction control, and brake assist are the standard equipments. City/highway fuel consumption is 29/35mpg(MT)

Mazda2 which Mazda introduced into the US market in 2010.
Mazda2 which Mazda introduced into the US market in 2010

 



Subaru: IMPREZA WRX STI with horizontally opposed 4-cylinder DOHC Turbo engine

 Subaru exhibited Subaru Impreza WRX STI which has been marketed in the US. IMPREZA WRX STI has a 2.0L horizontally opposed 4-valve DOHC 4-cylinder inter-cooled turbo engine with a maximum power output of 305hp and a maximum torque of 290lb・ft/393N・m, featuring active valve control system (AVCS) on both intake and exhaust sides and combined with 5-speed MT, and Driver Controlled Center Differential (DCCD) to adjust the front and rear drive ratio of the full-time 4-wheel drive.

 In addition to the above, the company exhibited the Impreza Concept unveiled at the Los Angeles Auto Show last year. The sporty 4-door coupe with full-time 4-wheel drive has a 2L engine and CVT.

SUBARU IMPREZA WRX STI
SUBARU IMPREZA WRX STI

 

SUBARU IMPREZA Concept
SUBARU IMPREZA Concept

 



Denso: The futuristic Cockpit

 Denso exhibited a futuristic cockpit named "Synchronism Concept" which was exhibited at the ITS World Congress held in October 2010 in Pusan, South Korea. Denso proposed the concept of "connecting people with vehicles," in which, by working with a smartphone located in the center of steering wheel, the driver can change the indication of the panel. Also, the camera installed in the instrumental cluster detects the drowsiness of a driver and give a warning.

 Additionally, Denso exhibited the starter for the idle stop, which has been developed since 1980s, and related components for HEV. Denso placed their exhibition booth on the main floor, the same floor as the automakers.

The futuristic cockpit
The futuristic cockpit "Synchronism Concept" proposed by Denso

 

The starter for idle stop called Tandem Solenoid (TS) starter
The starter for idle stop called Tandem Solenoid (TS) starter

 

Constant mesh type Permanently Engaged (PE) starter for idle stop
Constant mesh type Permanently Engaged (PE) starter for idle stop

 



GM: New Chevy Sonic and Buick Verano etc.

 GM, as well as Ford, occupied the widest booth in the Cobo Hall, Detroit Auto Show venue, and exhibited Chevrolet (Chevy), Buick, GMC, and Cadillac models. Including Chevy Volt, the winner of the car of the year 2011, new small car Chevy Sonic and Buick Verano were also exhibited.

 The new Chevy Sonic is competitive to the Ford Fiesta and there are 2 body types of a 4-door sedan and 5-door targeted at young people. At the GM plant in the state of Michigan, where there were plans to be closed, the production will begin in the latter half of 2011. The Engine will be shared with the one-size larger vehicle, the Chevy Cruze.

Comparison between Chevy Sonic and its competitors

  Chevy Sonic
4-door sedan/5-door hatchback
2011 Ford Fiesta
5-door hatchback
2011 Honda Fit
Engine 1.4L in-line 4 Turbo 1.8L in-line 4 1.6L in-line 4 1.5L in-line 4
Max. power output 103kW(138hp) 101kW(135hp) 120hp 117hp
Max. torque 200Nm (148lb・ft) 167Nm(123lb・ft) 112lb・ft 106lb・ft
Driving wheel FF FF FF FF
Transmission 6 speed MT/
6 speed AT
5 speed MT/
6 speed AT
5 speed MT/
6 speed AT
5 speed MT/
5 speed AT
City/hwy fuel
consumption
TBD TBD 28/37 (MT)
29/38 (AT)
27/33 (MT)
28/35(AT)
OAL, OAW, OAH (inch) TBD TBD 160.1/66.8/58.0 161.6/66.7/60.0

TBD: unpublished at this stage

GM Chevy Sonic
GM Chevy Sonic

 

 As a compact luxury sedan, GM announced that the Buick Verano is to go on sale in the last quarter of 2011.

 Buick Verano generates a maximum power output of 177 hp (132 kW) and a maximum torque of 170 lb・ft (230 Nm) from the 2.4L in-line 4 DOHC 4-valve Ecotec engine (direct injection, ETC with intake/exhaust VVT mechanism) designed for E85 (mixture of up to 85% denatured fuel ethanol and gasoline), 6-speed AT, and the city/hwy fuel consumption is 22/31 mpg(estimate). There are plans to add a 2.0L turbo engine. 10 separate air bags are standard equipment and the competitors are Lexus IS 250 and Audi A3.

GM compact luxury sedan Buick Verano
GM compact luxury sedan Buick Verano

 

 GM, in addition to the above, exhibited the GMC Sierra heavy-duty based 4-door off-road All Terrain HD Concept. This vehicle has a 172cm truck bed, 20-inch tires, 6.6L V8 turbo diesel engine with a maximum power output of 397hp (296kW)/maximum torque 765 lb・ft (1,037 Nm), and 6-speed AT.

GMC Sierra All Terrain HD Concept
GMC Sierra All Terrain HD Concept

 

Engine, TM, and after treatment system for GMC Sierra All Terrain HD Concept
Engine, TM, and after treatment system for GMC Sierra All Terrain HD Concept

 



Ford: Displays a cutaway of the new model Explorer, which received North America Truck of the year award, and displays the concept car Vertrek

 Ford occupied a 25% wider floor space than the last year in Cobo Hall, Detroit Auto Show venue, and exhibited 75 vehicles such as the cutaway new model of Explorer that received North America Truck of the year award, and the concept car Vertrek etc.

 According to Ford, there are plans to build the concept car Vertrek in North America and Europe by utilizing the global C segment platform which will account for 2,000K units annually beginning in 2012; the Vertrek is an SUV with a smooth and sporty, yet stylish design with low fuel consumption. The model will be produced in North America and Europe. The engine installed is called the EcoBoost; it is a super-charged small-displacement direct-injection 1.6L in-line 4 turbo engine, and boasts the functions of idle stop and regenerative braking.

 For the improvement of fuel consumption performance, Ford decided to install the EcoBoost engine in more than 90% of the models going on sale in North America by 2013, and a 6-speed AT will be equipped on all vehicles sold in the US. For the vehicles outside of the US, a 2L turbo diesel engine will be available.

Ford concept car Vertrek
Ford concept car Vertrek

 

1.6L EcoBoost engine to be equipped on Vertrek
1.6L EcoBoost engine to be equipped on Vertrek

 

 Ford has also announced that the compact van, the Ford C-Max, currently sold in Europe, will be produced and sold also in the US in 2012. For C-Max, the same global C segment platform as the one for Vertrek and Focus will be adopted.

 The same engine, as the one for Vertrek, the 1.6L EcoBoost in-line 4 turbo, will be available. For the North American market, besides gasoline engine vehicles, HEV and PHEV(C-Max Energi) vehicles will also be available.

Ford C-Max
Ford C-Max

 

Ford C-Max inside of the body viewed from top
Ford C-Max inside of the body viewed from top

 

2012 model Ford Focus (to be released in spring 2011) has the same global C segment platform
2012MY Ford Focus (to be released in spring 2011) has the same global C segment platform

 

 Ford exhibited the cutaway new model Explorer that received the North America Truck of the year awarded, and provided easy-to-understand displays to indicate the arrangement of the automotive parts.

 A 290hp v6 3.5L gasoline engine and 6-speed AT are installed on the new model Explorer. City/hwy fuel consumption are 17/25mpg for FWD and 17/23mpg for 4WD.

Ford Explorer cutaway model 1
Ford Explorer cutaway model 1

 

Ford Explorer cutaway model 2
Ford Explorer cutaway model 2

 

Ford Explorer cutaway model - Parts explanation
Ford Explorer cutaway model - Parts explanation

 



Chrysler: 300 and 200 that are to go on sale in 2011

 Chrysler exhibited the new models of 300 and 200 that are to go on sale in 2011. A 3.6L V6 engine and in-line 4 2.4L are installed on 300 and 200, respectively. City/hwy fuel consumption of 200 is 20/31mpg (6-speed AT). Also Fiat, Italy who owns Chrysler exhibited the Fiat500 that goes on sale also in the US in 2011. Chrysler did not demonstrate any EVs or concept cars this time.

2011 MY Chrysler 300
2011MY Chrysler 300

 

2011 MY Chrysler200
2011MY Chrysler200

 

Fiat 500 to go on sale in the US in 2011
Fiat500 to go on sale in the US in 2011

 



Hyundai: Veloster and concept car Curb

 Hyundai introduced the three-door coupe Veloster, targeted for younger generations, and this is to go on sale this summer.

 Veloster has a direct injection 1.6L engine called the Gamma with a 6-speed MT or Hyundai's first DCT (dual clutch transmission) 6-speed AT. The model's estimated highway fuel consumption is 40mpg (16.6km/L), which could exceed Honda HEV CR-Z.

 There is a single door at the driver side and 2 doors, front and rear, at the passenger side.

New model Veloster going on sale this year
New Veloster going on sale this year

 

Dual Dry Clutch Transmission, 6-speed AT, installed on Veloster
Dual Dry Clutch Transmission (6 speed) installed on Veloster

 

 Hyundai also exhibited the crossover concept Curb. The installed idle stop function on the 1.6L direct injection engine with turbo generates 175hp/169lb・ft. Hyundai estimates that the fuel consumption of city/hwy is better than 30mpg/40mpg.

Hyundai concept car Curb
Hyundai concept car Curb

 

Hyundai concept car Curb with double door configuration
Hyundai concept car Curb with double door configuration

 

 In addition to the above, Hyundai exhibited the 2011 MY Sonata Hybrid due to go on sale in the US in the first quarter of 2011 and the luxury sedan 2011 MY Equus, already on sale in the US market, with 385hp 4.6L V8 engine and ZF made 6-speed AT. Equus means horse in Latin and the company said its competitors were Lexus LS and BMW 7 series.

Comparison between Sonata Hybrid and the competitors

  Hyundai Sonata
for gasoline engine
Hyundai
Sonata Hybrid
Toyota
Camry Hybrid
Ford
Fusion Hybrid
Engine 2.4L 2.4L 2.4L 2.5L
System output 198hp 206hp 187hp 156hp
city/hwy fuel consumption 22/35 mpg 37/39 mpg 33/34 mpg 41/36 mpg
Re-chargeable battery --- Li-polymer Nickel hydrogen Nickel hydrogen

 

Sonata Hybrid going on sale in the first quarter of 2011
Sonata Hybrid going on sale in the first quarter of 2011

 

2011 MY Equus
2011MY Equus

 



Kia: Crossover Sorento, sedan Optima, and concept car KV7

 Kia exhibited the crossover vehicle Sorento, which began its production at the end of 2009 at the newly constructed plant in Georgia, US. There are two types of engines for Sorento, 175hp 2.4L in-line 4 and 276hp 3.5L V6 engines with the 5-speed MT for the base model. For the other options, the standard 6-speed AT with FWD or 4WD can be selected. The size of the monocoque body is the middle of the Toyota Highlander and the RAV4.

Comparison between Sorento and the competitors

  Kia Sorento Toyota Highlander Toyota RAV4
Engine 2.4L/3.5L 2.7L/3.5L 2.5L/3.5L
OAL (inch) 183.5 188.4 181.9
OAW (inch) 74.2 75.2 71.5
OAH (inch) 67.8 68.1 66.3

 

Display of the completely bench-marked vehicle, Kia Sorento
Display of the completely bench-marked vehicle, Kia Sorento

 

 Kia also exhibited the concept mini-van KV7. A gull-wing type door is adopted for the rear, and the dimensions of oal/oaw/oah are 4873/2033/1082(mm), respectively. 20-inch tire and the direct injection 2L engine, generates 285hp, with 6-speed AT are equipped.

Kia concept mini-van KV7
Kia concept mini-van KV7

 

 Kia also exhibited the sporty type 4-door Optima. The Optima provides both a 2.4L in-line 4 engine (standard) and 2L in-line 4 turbo engine with a maximum output 274hp for your selection. There are plans to add an HEV in the former half of this year. The 2L turbo engine has a higher power output compared to other automakers.

Comparison between Optima and competitors

Vehicle Model Kia Optima Kia Optima Audi A3 Honda Civic Si
Displacement 2L 2L 2L 2L
Supercharge With Turbo NA With Turbo NA
Max. output 274hp 200hp 200hp 197hp
Max. torque 269lb・ft 186lb・ft 207lb・ft 139lb・ft
Fuel consumption city/hwy(mpg) 22/34 (AT) 24/35 (MT) 21/30 (MT) 21/29 (MT)

 

Kia Optima with turbo engine
Kia Optima with turbo engine

 



Mercedes-Benz: 2 vehicles with BLUETEC Clean Diesel

 Mercedes-Benz, as introduced in the separate report, exhibited 7 electric vehicles at this Detroit Auto Show and demonstrated the environmental technology by exhibiting the clean diesel engine called BLUETEC on S350 BlueTEC and GL350 BlueTEC.

 The BlueTEC engine has a 4-valve V6 DOHC turbo diesel and common-rail, piezoelectric injector, variable nozzle turbo, and EGR. Also for the European and the North American markets, for meeting the emission regulations EU6 and US Bin5/ULEV, AdBlue (urea-based injection) system is adopted.

 Major specifications of each model are listed below.

Vehicle Model S350 BlueTEC GL350 BlueTEC
Engine V6 3L diesel V6 3L diesel
Supercharge Variable Geometry Nozzle
turbo with intercooler
Variable Geometry Nozzle
turbo with intercooler
Engine Max. output 240hp 210hp
Engine Max. torque 455lb・ft 389lb・ft
TM 7-speed AT 7-speed AT
Driving wheel 4WD 4WD
Fuel consumption city/hwy(mpg) 20/31(Euro mode) 17/21
Fuel -- Ultra low sulfur or B5 bio

 

Mercedes-Benz S350 BlueTEC
Mercedes-Benz S350 BlueTEC

 

V6 3L diesel engine on GL350 BlueTEC
V6 3L diesel engine on GL350 BlueTEC

 

SCR system of BlueTEC
SCR system of BlueTEC

 



BMW: 3 Series 335d with BluePerformance and others

 BMW exhibited the 3 Series 335d with BluePerformance and also displayed the NOx reduction system for the diesel engine--called BluePerformance introduced at the 2008 Detroit Auto Show--with the system components. Both 3 Series 335d and X5 35d models have 24-valve DOHC in-line 6 intercooler turbo diesel engine and a 6-speed AT. By aligning the two different sizes of the turbo in series, it generates an output of 265hp/425lb・ft. Additionally, the fuel consumption of the 3 Series 335d is 23/36mpg and the X5 35d is 10/26mmpg city/hwy. The capacity of the two urea water tanks for urea injection system is a total of 23L.

355d with BluePerformance diesel engine
355d with BluePerformance diesel engine

 

3L in-line 6 diesel engine and the after-treatment system installed on 335d
3L in-line 6 diesel engine and the after-treatment system installed on 335d

 

Exhibits Urea injection system as called Diesel Exhaust Fluid(DEF) for BluePerformance
Exhibits Urea injection system called Diesel Exhaust Fluid(DEF) for BluePerformance

 

 BMW also exhibited the new 6 Series cabriolet and 1 Series coupe. The output power/torque of the V8 4.4L engine on the 6 series cabriole are 400hp/450lb・ft and 6-speed MT is installed as standard equipment.

New model 6 series cabriole
New 6 Series cabriole

 



VW/Audi: Passat to be in production in the US and announced the new model Audi A6

 Volkswagen (VW) has unveiled the Passat to be in production from the former part of this year at the new Tennessee plant, which is currently under construction, in the US. There are two types of gasoline engines available for the vehicle: a 5-cylinder and 6-cylinder; there is also a 2L TDI clean diesel engine. The 2L TDI has a urea injection method for the after-treatment system and has a urea water tank capacity of 4.9 gallons (18.5L). BIN5/LEV2 emission compliance standards are met by refilling the urea water around every 25,000Km.

Passat specifications

Major Model S TSI SE SEL
Displacement 2.5L 2.0L 3.6L
Fuel gasoline diesel gasoline
Cylinder 5 4 6
Max. power output 170hp 140hp 280hp
Max. torque 177lb・ft 236lb・ft 258lb・ft
Transmission 5-speed MT
6-speed AT
5-speed MT
6-speed DSG (option)
6-speed DSG (dual clutch)
High speed f/c (estimate) 31mpg 43mpg 28mpg
Cruising range (estimate) 573mile 795mile 518mile

 

Passat 3.6 SEL will begin localized production in the US starting in 2011
Passat 3.6 SEL will be produced in the US starting in 2011

 

Passat TDI SE
Passat TDI SE

 

 Audi, a subsidiary of VW, made an announcement of the new A6. The engine installed on the vehicle to be sold in the US is a 3L direct injection V6 gasoline engine with a supercharger that generates 300hp/324.53lb・ft. This will be on sale at the beginning of 2011.

Audi new model A6

New Audi A6

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