Mercedes-Benz, BMW, and Audi adopting ADAS and automated driving systems

M-Benz S-/E-Class and BMW 7/5 Series feature level 2 and Audi A8 level 3 capabilities



Mercedes-Benzの改良型S-Classの運転席(自動車線変更機能作動中) (出典:Daimler)
The cockpit of the facelifted Mercedes-Benz S-Class
(Active lane changing assist supports steering into the neighboring lane)
(Source: Daimler)

 The following report describes the availability of advanced driver assistance systems (ADAS) and automated driving features in Daimler, BMW and Audi’s model released (or to be released) in Europe. Equipment will be compared for 5 vehicles from each maker covering a range of types and sizes, including flagship models, sedans, coupes, and SUVs.

    Daimler (Mercedes-Benz brand models)
  • The face-lifted S-Class and E-Class are capable of level 2 automated driving
  • The 5 models covered in this report have basically the same Lane Tracking Package (the blind spot assist, lane keeping assist and others)
  • Each vehicle has a Driving Assistance Package, but specifics vary by model
    BMW (BMW brand models)
  • The 7 Series and new 5 Series are capable of level 2 automated driving
  • Offers various Driving Assistant Packages for vehicles ranging from the flagship model to compact vehicles
  • Also adopted Driving Assistant Plus Package for some models
    VW (Audi brand models)
  • The new A8 that is to be released in the fall of 2017 comes with numerous ADAS systems and will be capable of level 3 automated driving when governments pass related laws
  • ACC, automatic braking for vehicles and pedestrians, traffic jam assist system and lane keeping system are available for all the five models covered in this report

BMWが新型5 Seriesに搭載した運転支援装備(出典:BMW) Audiが新型A8に搭載したセンサー群(出典:Audi)
Driving assistance systems installed on the new BMW 5 Series
(Source: BMW)
The sensors mounted on the new Audi A8
(Source: Audi)

Related Reports:
BMW: Autonomous Driving and Connected Mobility for Intelligent Traffic(Jul. 2017)
Two autonomous driving trends: Level 3 for highways and Level 4 for public road(Jul. 2017)
VW Group (Part 2): implementing new "Together - Strategy 2025" plan (Jun. 2017)
Geneva International Motor Show 2017 (1): Mercedes-Benz, VW, Audi, and Porsche (Apr. 2017)
European automaker technology trends: Autonomous Vehicles (Jan. 2017)

Daimler adds speed adjustment function that utilizes navigation data to ACC in the facelifted S-Class

 Daimler released a face-lifted S-Class, Mercedes-Benz’s flagship model, in July 2017. The luxury sedan comes with numerous ADAS and semi-automated driving features and offers “a very, very sophisticated level 2 automated driving system” (Daimler development chief Ola Kallenius). For example, the adaptive cruise control (ACC) has a new route based speed adjustment function. Using the information from the onboard cameras and navigation systems, the speed can be reduced ahead of curves or junctions and increased to the set speed after the vehicle passes them. The system also recognizes the speed limit for the current route section from the traffic signs and uses it as the maximum speed for the ACC to adapt the vehicle’s speed automatically. Daimler adopted Autoliv’s mid-/long-range radars, stereo-/mono-vision cameras and ECUs to support the face-lifted S-Class’s ADAS and automated driving systems. The face-lifted E-Class Coupe released in the spring of 2017 is also capable of level 2 automated driving.

 Daimler offers the Lane Tracking Package, which consists of blind spot assist and lane keeping assist (active lane keeping assist for the E-Class Coupe), for all of the models profiled in this report except for the S-Class. Meanwhile, all the five models including the S-Class have the Driving Assistance Package, which has various features depending on the model. The ACC, Attention Assist that detects the driver’s tiredness and recommends they take a break, and active parking assist, which identifies a parking space and steers the vehicle into it automatically, are installed in all of the five models.

Mercedes-Benzの改良型S-Class(出典:Daimler) Mercedes-Benzが改良型S-Classに搭載するRoute based speed adjustment(ナビ情報等により自動的に加減速する機能)の概念図 (出典:Daimler)
The face-lifted Mercedes-Benz S-Class
(Source: Daimler)
An illustration of the route based speed adjustment function
(automatic acceleration/deceleration according to navigation and other information) adopted for the face-lifted S-Class

New and updated ADAS systems on the face-lifted S-Class (released in July 2017)

Major features of Driving Assistance package

Active distance assist DISTRONIC The system automatically maintains a safe distance from the preceding vehicle by decelerating and accelerating at speeds from 0 to 210 km/h on motorways.
The new route based speed adjustment function automatically reduces the vehicle’s speed ahead of curves, junctions, roundabouts, and tollbooths, and increases it to the proscribed level after the vehicle passes them. When the route is selected by the navigation system, the vehicle’s speed is adjusted in response to route events. If the vehicle is driving in the slow lane on a motorway, speed is reduced ahead of the exit. At intersections where the route involves turning or when the driver activates a turn signal ahead of the junction, the system reduces speed automatically.
Active steering assist The system assists steering to keep the vehicle in the middle of the lane on straight or slightly curved roads. In this way, risks of accidents will be reduced and safety for the occupants of the vehicle and other road users will be improved.
Active speed limit assist A sub-function of the traffic sign assist. The system adopts the speed limit it picks up from the traffic sign as the maximum speed of the active distance assist DISTRONIC and adjusts the vehicle’s speed to match it automatically.
Active brake assist When the system detects a risk of a collision with preceding, stationary, or crossing vehicles ahead, or with people, it helps the driver to avoid the dangerous situation. This assistance takes the form of (1) a warning lamp if the distance from a vehicle in front is inadequate; (2) an additional audio warning when the danger of a collision is identified; (3) autonomous emergency braking to avoid a collision with moving, stationary, or crossing vehicles ahead; (4) autonomous emergency braking for pedestrians; or (5) situation-related braking assistance as soon as the driver applies the brakes.
Evasive steering assist When pedestrians are detected in the danger zone in front of the vehicle and the driver initiates evasive action, the system supports the driver in maneuvering properly by applying additional steering torque. This helps the driver to evade the pedestrian in a controlled manner and to stabilize the vehicle on its evasive course.
Active lane keeping assist The system warns the driver by means of vibrating the steering wheel when the vehicle is unintentionally drifting out of its lane at speeds from 60 to 200 km/h. If the vehicle passes over a continuous line, it can pull the vehicle back into its lane by applying the brakes on one side. In the case of a broken line, such intervention takes place only when there is a danger of a collision with vehicles (including oncoming vehicles) in the next lane.
Active blind spot assist If the system detects a risk of side collisions with other vehicles (including bicycles) when the driver activates a turn signal at speeds from 10 to 200 km/h, it provides the driver with a visual and audio alert. At speeds above 30 km/h, automatic braking on one side of the vehicle will be applied to help avoid a side collision.

Other features

Active lane change assist When the driver wishes to change lanes on multi-lane roads at speeds from 80 to 180 km/h, it is now sufficient to nudge the indicator stalk to activate this system. Within the next ten seconds, the sensor system checks whether the next lane is clear in front of, alongside, and behind the vehicle, and it also takes into account the speed of any other vehicles. After confirming safety, the system will start changing lanes. The initiated lane change is indicated in the instrument cluster and on the heads-up display.
Traffic sign assist The system displays the speed limit for the current route section in the instrument cluster based on the information from traffic signs and digital maps in the navigation system. Additional restrictions such as speed limits in wet conditions (warning when the windscreen wipers are activated) will be indicated depending on conditions. If set to do so by the driver, a visual and audio warning is given when the speed limit is exceeded. The system also recognizes no-entry signs and prompts the driver to check the vehicle’s direction of travel.
Following vehicles in a tailback In stop-and-go traffic on motorways, stops of up to 30 seconds are now possible, within which the new S-Class automatically moves off and follows the traffic ahead.
Active emergency stop assist While the active steering assist is activated, the system brakes the vehicle to a standstill in its lane to prevent an accident if it detects that the driver is no longer actively driving the vehicle due to issues like a sudden illness. If the driver fails to respond after repeated warnings, the vehicle will be slowed until it comes to a standstill in its lane. At speeds below 60 km/h, the following traffic is alerted by means of hazard warning lamps. When the vehicle comes to a standstill, the parking brake is engaged automatically and the Mercedes-Benz emergency call system is activated. The vehicle is also unlocked. The functions are aborted as soon as the driver takes control of the vehicle again.
Car-to-x communication Information concerning unusual and hazardous conditions in the surroundings and on roads detected by commuting vehicles is made available to all other car-to-x users to give drivers an early warning. As with live traffic information, reports transmitted by car-to-x are shown on the COMAND online map display. When the vehicle is approaching a hazard, an audio warning can be given.
Active parking assist The system supports the driver in finding an area to park and automatically steers the vehicle into and out of the parallel and perpendicular parking spaces. It is active in both forward and reverse directions in the case of perpendicular parking spaces.
Remote parking assist The system enables the driver to maneuver the vehicle into tight parking spaces from outside of the vehicle, using a smartphone. The vehicle can be maneuvered into parallel and perpendicular parking spaces in both the forward and reverse direction. Maneuvering out of the perpendicular parking spaces is also possible. In the Explore mode, the vehicle can be maneuvered straight forward or in reverse by up to 15 meters to avoid detected obstacles. In narrow passageways, following confirmation by the driver, the system is able to fold in the exterior mirrors so that the vehicle can approach the detected obstacles more closely.
MULTIBEAM LED with ultra range high beam A headlamp that uses 88 LEDs, each of which is turned on and off to provide optimum visibility for the driver without dazzling other drivers in preceding and oncoming vehicles. The lighting is also adjusted in response to wet surfaces in the rain, traffic signs, and other cases. The ultra range high beams produce brightness over a distance of 650 meters.

Daimler: ADAS and automated driving systems on major Mercedes-Benz brand vehicles

“S” standard on all grades, “A” standard on some grades, “O” optional

Model S-Class GLS-Class E-Class Coupe C-Class Cabriolet GLA-Class
Flagship sedan Flagship SUV Midsize (E-segment) coupe Midsize (D-segment) cabriolet Compact SUV
Launch month and year of models fitted with current features Jul. 2017 Mar. 2016 Spring 2017 Summer 2016 Apr. 2017
〈Lane Tracking Package〉          
Blind spot assist   S O O O
Lane keeping assist   S   O O
Active lane keeping assist AO O O O  
〈Driving Assistance Package〉          
Active distance assist DISTRONIC AO        
 Distance assist DISTRONIC/Distance pilot DISTRONIC   O O O O
Active steering assist AO        
Steering pilot/steering assist   O O O  
Active emergency stop assist AO   O    
Evasive steering assist AO   O    
Active blind spot assist AO O O O  
Active lane change assist AO   O    
Active speed limit assist/speed limit pilot AO   O    
Active brake assist with cross-traffic function AO O O O  
Active brake assist   S S   S
Following vehicles in a tailback AO        
Traffic sign assist S S      
PRE-SAFE brake with pedestrian detection       O  
〈Other ADAS systems〉          
Attention Assist S S S S S
Collision prevention assist plus A     S  
Crosswind assist S S      
Active curve system   A      
Car-to-x communication AO   AO    
Active parking assist/parking pilot O S S S AO
Remote parking assist O   O    
360 degree camera AO S O    
Night view assist plus AO        
PRE-SAFE anticipatory safety system S S S   O
PRE-SAFE impulse S        
MULTIBEAM LED with ultra range high beam S        
LED intelligent light system   S O    
Adaptive high beam assist plus   S      
Adaptive high beam assist         AO
MAGIC BODY control with curve tilting function A        
Source: Mercedes-Benz on-line catalogs (U.K.) as of late July 2017

BMW installs automatic acceleration, deceleration, steering, and lane change systems on the 7/ 5 Series

 BMW installed numerous ADAS systems in the new 5 Series midsize sedan released in February 2017 and the 7 Series flagship that was offered with additional features in the spring of the same year. The two models are capable of level 2 automated driving. Both come with steering and lane control assistant that uses steering interventions to keep the vehicle in its lane at speeds from 0 to 200 km/h; lane-changing assistant that is activated by a long press of the turn signal and automatically assists lane change maneuvers after confirming safety; and evasion aid that supports necessary evasive steering action to avoid an obstacle ahead such as a preceding vehicle brought to a sudden stop. Remote control parking and remote 3D view are also available on both models. The former enables the driver to control parking maneuvers from outside of the vehicle using the display key, and the latter transmits the 3D views of the vehicle’s surrounding area to the driver’s mobile device with the help of a smartphone app to check on the vehicle from far away.

 BMW offers Driving Assistant Package, which comprises a suite of driving assistance features for the models ranging from the flagship to small vehicles. A Driving Assistant Plus Package is also provided for select models. The two packages include various features depending on the models. The ACC, lane departure warning, automatic emergency braking for vehicles and pedestrians, and speed limit sign recognition system are installed on all the five models profiled below.

BMWの新型5 Series(出典:BMW) 新型5 Seriesの運転席と搭載された先進装備(出典:BMW)
The new BMW 5 Series
(Source: BMW)
Cockpit of the new 5 Series and its advanced features

Major ADAS and automated driving systems on the new BMW 5 Series (released in February 2017)

Driving Assistant package

Approach control warning When a vehicle ahead suddenly brakes; (1) the system sends an optical warning, (2) if the driver does not react, an audio warning is given; and (3) if the driver still does not react, it applies the brakes with deceleration of up to 3 m/s2 (slowing down at the rate of 3 m/s for every second).
Lane change warning At speeds of 20 km/h or more, when the radar sensors mounted on the rear bumper detects vehicles in the blind spot as well as vehicles approaching at high speed in the next lane, the system alerts the driver with a triangular symbol in the exterior mirrors. If, in spite of this, the driver activates the turn indicator, the system vibrates the steering wheel and flashes the symbol in the exterior mirror.
Lane departure warning When the system detects that the vehicle is straying from its lane at speeds from 70 to 210 km/h, it alerts the driver by vibrating the steering wheel. If the driver does not respond and the vehicle crosses over the lane marking, the system actively helps the driver to steer back on course with steering intervention.
Prevention of rear collision The system uses sensors mounted on the rear bumper to monitor vehicles to the rear. When it detects a risk of collision, it alerts the driver in the following vehicle by flashing the hazard lights. If a collision is imminent, the system protects occupants by fastening the safety belts and automatically closing the windows and sunroof.
Speed-limit information and no-overtaking indicator The system recognizes speed limits and no-overtaking indicators on traffic signs and shows them in the instrument cluster and heads-up display. In case of the conditional speed limits that apply at certain times of day or when driving with a trailer, the restrictions applicable to the current condition are displayed.

Driving Assistant Plus package

Active cruise control with Stop & Go function The system uses radar sensors to monitor the area in front of the vehicle and maintain a safe distance from preceding automobiles by automatically adjusting speed in response it.
Crossroads warning The system warns the driver of potential collisions with crossing traffic and preconditions the brakes for an emergency stop. If the driver fails to apply the brakes in time, the system will perform an emergency stop.
Evasion aid When an obstacle like a vehicle ahead being brought to a sudden stop appears in the driver’s path without warning, the system supports necessary evasive steering action at speeds of up to 160 km/h. Faster steering and counter steering during an evasive maneuver results in less vehicle instability.
Lane-change assistant When the steering and lane control assistant is active at speeds from 70 to 180 km/h, the lane-change assistant can be activated by a long press of the turn signal. The system then uses its sensors to check that there is an available opening in the next lane and that no other vehicle is approaching at high speed. After confirming that it is safe, the system automatically assists the lane change maneuver.
Lane keeping assistant with active side collision protection If the system detects that the vehicle is about to leave its lane or that there is a risk of a side collision, it will avoid a dangerous situation with steering intervention.
Steering and lane control assistant The system uses a stereo camera mounted on the front window to detect lane markings and preceding vehicles; and keeps the vehicle in its lane at high speeds by means of steering interventions. In congested traffic, the system also uses the preceding vehicle as an additional reference point. The system is active in the speed range from 0 to 210 km/h. The driver is required to place at least one hand on the steering wheel so they are able to take control of the vehicle at anytime.
Wrong-way warning The system warns the driver if it detects that the vehicle is driving the wrong way on a motorway or in a roundabout, or is heading the wrong way down a one-way street.

Parking assistance features

Remote control parking The system allows the driver to move the vehicle forward into a tight space or garage from outside of the vehicle, using the display key. It also remotely reverses the vehicle out of the parking space. The engine can be switched off after parking is completed and started again from outside by means of the display key.
Remote 3D view The system transmits images of the vehicle’s surrounding area taken by the onboard camera to the user’s smartphone with the help of the BMW Connected app. With this function, the user can check on the vehicle from a distance. The system displays images as a 3D representation, allowing the user to check various angles. These images can also be saved to the user’s smartphone.

BMW: ADAS and automated driving systems on major BMW brand vehicles

“S” standard on all grades, “A” standard on some grades, “O” optional

Model 7 Series X6 5 Series 4 Series 2 Series
Flagship sedan Midsize SUV Midsize (E-segment) sedan Midsize (D-segment) coupe/
Compact coupe/
Launch month and year of models fitted with current features Oct. 2015 Dec. 2014 Feb. 2017 Mar. 2017 Jul. 2017
〈Driving Assistant Package〉          
City collision mitigation AO S   O  
Forward collision warning AO S   O  
Approach control warning     O   O
Person warning     O   O
Crossing-traffic warning, rear     O    
Lane departure warning AO S O O O
Preventive pedestrian protection AO S   O  
Speed-limit display/Speed-limit information AO O   O O
Speed-limit information and no-overtaking indicator     O    
Lane change warning AO O O O  
Prevention of rear collision     O    
Attentiveness assist         O
〈Driving Assistant Plus Package〉          
Active cruise control with Stop & Go function O O O O O
Steering and lane control assistant O   O    
Traffic jam assist   O      
Crossing-traffic warning, front O   O    
Lane keeping assistant with active side collision protection O   O    
Crossroads warning O   O    
Evasion aid O   O    
Lane-change assistant O   O    
Wrong-way warning O   O    
〈Other ADAS systems〉          
Dynamic Safety S O O O  
Night Vision with pedestrian recognition O O O    
Park assist O O O O O
Remote control parking O   O    
Surround-view O O O O  
Remote 3D view     O    
BMW Laserlights O        
Adaptive LED headlights     O O O
High-beam assistant S O O O O
Source: BMW on-line catalogs (U.K.) as of late July 2017
(Note) BMW added a number of new driver assistance systems to the 7 Series in the spring of 2017.

New Audi A8: first production car to offer level 3 automated driving capabilities

 The VW Group’s Audi brand will install numerous ADAS systems in its new A8 flagship that will be released in the fall of 2017. The automaker groups the features in three packages: Park, City and Tour. The standard Tour package includes an adaptive driving assistant that integrates the ACC and a steering assist function and uses information from the navigation system and car-to-x communication. The assistant also has a pre-sense front safety system that automatically applies the brakes to prevent collisions with vehicles and pedestrians. The optional City package comprises functions including a crossing assist that detects critical crossing traffic in front of the vehicle and applies the brakes if necessary, and an exit warning that monitors vehicles and cyclists approaching from the rear when the occupants leave the vehicle. The optional Park package includes the Audi AI parking pilot that enables the vehicle to drive into a parking space without a driver sitting inside. Moreover, after 2018, when the new laws for level 3 automated driving systems are instituted in Germany, the new A8 will be offered with Audi AI traffic jam pilot, the world’s first level 3 automated driving system for a production vehicle. Audi will use a central driver assistance controller called zFAS that uses NVIDIA’s SoC (System on a chip) to intensively control the information on the surroundings for level 3 automated driving.

 Audi also provides driving assistance packages for other models as optional, but their names and contents are different depending on the models. The automatic emergency brake systems for vehicles and pedestrians, ACC, traffic jam assist, and active lane assist are adopted for all the five models reported here. The traffic jam assist automatically accelerates, decelerates and steers the vehicle in the congested traffic, while the active lane assist steers the vehicle back into its lane if the vehicle is leaving it.

Audiが2017年秋に発売予定の新型A8(出典:Audi) Audiが新型A8に搭載する、レーザースポット技術を採用したMatrix LED Headlights(出典:Audi)
The new Audi A8 to be released in fall 2017
(Source: Audi)
The new Audi A8 adopts Matrix LED Headlights using laser spot technology (Source: Audi)

Major ADAS and automated driving systems on the new Audi A8 (to be released in late fall 2017)

Tour assist package

Adaptive driving assistant (ADA)
(extended functions compared to conventional systems)
This system is an advanced version of adaptive cruise control (ACC) and integrates a lane assist function and traffic jam assist. With this, the driver has support for longitudinal and lateral control over the entire speed range from 0 to 250 km/h.
Among other functions, the bottle neck assist guides the vehicle through construction sites and similar zones. In addition, the system promotes an efficient driving style by incorporating navigation data and car-to-x content such as traffic sign information. The vehicle accelerates or slows down in response to speed limits, bends, junctions, and roundabouts without the need for driver intervention, while automatically drawing on route information from the navigation system.
Pre-sense front safety system The system prevents rear-end collisions or reduces their severity. It incorporates a warning and braking function for vehicles, pedestrians, bicycles and motorcycles. It is active over the vehicle’s entire speed range from 0 to 250 km/h.
Turn assist (For a left-hand drive vehicle) The system monitors the opposite lane for oncoming traffic when turning left. It also monitors oncoming vehicles turning left.
Collision avoidance assist
(extended functions)
The system is activated when the vehicle has to avoid an obstacle ahead to prevent an accident. The updated system that will be installed on the new A8 offers individual wheel braking as well as steering assistance for more precise avoidance of obstructions.
Emergency assist When the system detects that the driver fails to engage in steering activities, it brings the vehicle to a complete stop.

City assist package

Crossing assist
(new feature)
If the mid-range radars detect critical crossing traffic in front of the vehicle, the system warns the driver and applies the brakes if necessary.
Exit warning The system indicates vehicles or cyclists approaching from the rear when the occupants open the doors. Light guides in the front and rear doors indicate the danger optically.
Pre-sense 360 degree safety system
(extended functions)
The system detects collision hazards all around the vehicle based on information from the mid-range radars at the corners of the vehicle with a measuring range of about 75 meters. It then initiates targeted preventive measures including a full brake application, adjusting the seats, or tightening the seatbelts.
With the new function called “pre sense side,” the Audi AI active suspension raises the body by up to 80 mm in the event of a side-on collision so that the side sills and floor structure, more resistant section of the body, absorb the majority of the force of impact.

Audi AI Park assist package

Audi AI parking pilot
(new feature)
This system enables the vehicle to drive independently and without a driver into a parallel or right-angle parking space. The system accesses the steering, accelerator, brakes, tiptronic, and optional dynamic all-wheel steering.
The driver is outside the vehicle and starts the parking maneuver from their smartphone by pressing the Audi AI button in the myAudi app. By continuing to press the button, the driver can watch a live display from the vehicle’s 360 degree cameras on the device. Once the parking maneuver is over, the system automatically engages the tiptronic P position and switches off the engine and ignition. When ready to drive off, the driver can start the vehicle by smartphone and drive it out of the parking space again. If the driver is behind the wheel, the system can be activated by pressing the AI button in the center console.

Other ADAS and automated driving features

Audi AI traffic jam pilot
(new feature)
With this system, the new A8 will be the first production vehicle that is capable of level 3 automated driving. The system takes charge of driving in slow-moving traffic at up to 60 km/h on freeways and highways where a physical barrier separates the two carriageways. Unlike level 2 automated driving systems, the driver no longer needs to constantly monitor the vehicle and will take back control of the task of driving only when the system calls on them to do so.
While the system is active, it uses a small camera installed in the cockpit to monitor the driver. If the driver looks tired or falls asleep, it issues warnings in stages. When the vehicle’s speed exceeds 60 km/h, the system notifies the driver of the need to take control of the vehicle. If the driver does not respond to it, the system will apply the brakes and bring the vehicle to a standstill after several warnings.
In order to introduce the system, new laws that provide legal certainty for the level 3 automated driving need to be instituted in each individual market, along with the country-specific definition of the application and testing of the system. Thus, Audi will be adopting a step-by-step approach to the introduction of the system in production models.
Audi AI remote garage pilot
(new feature)
As with the Audi AI parking pilot, this system automatically drives the vehicle forward into a garage. Inside the garage, with the help of the laser scanners, the vehicle can approach very close to the walls and obstacles or it will interrupt entering if there is not enough space for the vehicle.
Car-to-x services: traffic sign and hazard information
(extended functions)
With the Audi connect navigation and infotainment services, the Audi vehicles report speed limits that they have detected with their onboard cameras and the hazard information created by data from in-car electronics to a server in the cloud. The server processes this information and sends it to other Audi drivers who might benefit from it. In this way, vehicles warn one another about the hazard information including accidents, broken-down vehicles, slippery road surfaces, or impaired invisibility, as well as speed limits.
HD Matrix LED headlights with Audi laser lighting
(extended functions)
The Audi laser lighting is used for the first time with the HD Matrix LED high beams. The laser spot is activated at speeds above 70 km/h and doubles the range of the high beam.
Each HD Matrix LED headlight consists of a high beam unit including 32 small, individually controlled LEDs, a variable-controlled low beam headlight, and a laser diode. When the front camera detects lights from preceding or oncoming vehicles, it partially masks its high beam by extinguishing individual LEDs. The system provides maximum and precise illumination at all times without dazzling other road users.

VW: ADAS and automated driving systems on major Audi brand vehicles

“S” standard on all grades, “A” standard on some grades, “O” optional

Model A8 Q7 A5 A3 Q2
Flagship sedan Large SUV Midsize (E-segment) coupe Compact (C-segment) sedan Compact SUV
Launch month and year of models fitted with current features Fall 2017 Summer 2015 Fall 2016 Summer 2016 Fall 2016
〈Tour assist package〉          
Adaptive driving assistant (ADA) S        
Adaptive cruise control (ACC) with Stop & Go   O O O O
Active lane assist   O O O O
Traffic jam assist   O O O O
Bottle neck assist S        
Pre-sense front safety system/pre-sense city S S S O S
Turn assist S O O    
Collision avoidance assist S O O    
Traffic sign recognition S O O O  
Emergency assist S       O
Predictive efficiency assist   AO O    
〈City assist package〉          
Crossing assist O        
Lane change warning O        
Exit warning O O O    
Rear cross traffic assist/rear traffic crossing O O O   O
Pre-sense 360 degree safety system O        
Pre-sense side O        
Side assist   O O O O
Pre-sense basic   O O O O
Pre-sense rear   O O    
〈Audi AI Park assist package〉          
Audi AI parking pilot O        
360 degree camera/surround view camera O O O    
〈Other ADAS/automated driving systems〉          
Audi AI traffic jam pilot O        
Audi AI remote garage pilot O        
Park assist O O O O O
Night vision assist O O      
Car-to-x services: traffic sign and hazard information O        
Multi-collision brake assist     S   S
High-beam assist   AO AO O  
HD Matrix LED headlights with Audi laser lighting O        
HD Matrix LED headlight   O O O  
Source: Audi on-line catalog (U.K.) as of late July 2017

LMC Automotive sales forecast: German light vehicle sales to hover around 3.7 million through 2020

LMC Automotive Q2, 2017)

 According to LMC Automotive's forecast (Q2, 2017), light vehicle sales in Germany will be 3.7 million units in 2017, up 2.6% from 2016, and hover around the 3.7 million level through 2020. LMC Automotive comments; Over the last three years, the German car market has grown by 400k units, and will make 2017 the best year since the scrappage-incentive-inflated 2009 result.

 Correspondingly, we have increased the forecast for next year though, in the medium-term, we retain the profile of modest contraction in the market through demographic effects. There is certainly some upside risk to the near-term forecast, given the recent selling rate performance, though we are mindful that international (and receding domestic) political risks could dampen confidence.

 Some symbolic significance could be read into the Conventional body type segment’s fall to 49.1% in Q1, down by 2.2 percentage points (pp) on Q1 2016, the first time the segment has commanded less than 50% of the German market. The seemingly relentless rise of SUVs continued in Q1, up by 2.8 pp YoY to 23.3%. The Premium segment returned to the same mark it reached a year earlier, at 26.8%, the joint highest result for this segment since Q4 2012. Premium SUVs, such as the Audi Q5 (+45%) and BMW X1 (+68.2%), performed particularly well. The Small (B) segment grew by 1.3 pp YoY, while the Lower Medium (C) segment fell by 1.0 pp to 39.7%. The long‐term trend is towards segments A, B and C, which cumulatively now comprise 67.2% of the German market, up from 57.7% in Q1 2000.

 Over the longer term, the potential for growth in the German market remains somewhat more limited than other markets. The adult population has been in decline, with consequences for the potential size of the car parc (and, thus, for new car sales) further out. Migration will help adult population figures to a degree, though the impact on the car market might be felt more through the potential economic growth impact. With the near‐term forecast seeing a car market around 3.4 mn units/year, we forecast a gentle downward trajectory as we head into the next decade.

German light vehicle sales forecast


2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Total   3,266,415 3,444,804 3,609,813 3,702,152 3,705,143 3,697,114 3,677,480
Volkswagen Group Volkswagen 717,605 738,903 710,513 707,389 710,987 716,877 716,456
  Audi 259,520 269,107 289,711 304,317 306,433 303,594 305,152
  Skoda 174,525 180,447 186,230 185,560 176,278 180,222 185,281
  Seat 93,140 94,721 97,653 87,414 84,077 86,386 101,999
  Porsche 24,369 28,554 30,220 28,611 27,398 27,710 30,689
  MAN 0 0 0 2,065 3,676 3,971 4,132
  Bentley 413 525 910 991 848 685 904
  Lamborghini 163 223 255 225 300 386 336
Volkswagen Group sub-total 1,269,735 1,312,480 1,315,492 1,316,572 1,309,997 1,319,831 1,344,949
Daimler Group Mercedes-Benz 326,552 343,221 369,761 385,948 399,667 395,850 396,161
  Smart 22,490 37,888 37,421 35,261 35,595 32,507 31,115
  Fuso 206 245 217 240 295 317 336
Daimler Group sub-total 349,248 381,354 407,399 421,449 435,557 428,674 427,612
PSA Group Opel 226,171 229,642 244,217 250,463 241,487 232,618 222,224
  Citroen 53,292 55,262 58,803 57,612 59,071 61,258 60,768
  Peugeot 61,628 62,954 65,753 64,860 58,901 57,745 55,538
  DS 7,645 5,446 4,380 4,080 5,078 9,222 10,164
  Chevrolet 871 8,423 9,305 10,031 11,216 11,434 10,065
  Amount supplied by Renault to Opel 4,081 4,468 5,008 4,927 4,650 4,555 4,443
  Amount supplied by Mitsubishi to PSA 1,414 1,043 365 102 0 0 0
PSA Group sub-total 355,102 367,238 387,831 392,075 380,403 376,832 363,202
BMW Group BMW 240,322 249,919 263,485 274,648 290,989 294,217 289,004
  MINI 33,413 40,253 44,466 45,254 43,420 45,057 45,683
  Rolls-Royce 91 116 202 154 198 186 179
BMW Group sub-total 273,826 290,288 308,153 320,056 334,607 339,460 334,866
Renault-Nissan Group Renault 123,165 130,856 148,365 151,319 139,036 129,104 120,432
  Nissan 66,228 74,248 78,193 79,228 76,731 73,564 80,293
  Mitsubishi 25,153 36,319 39,555 42,814 42,438 40,961 42,104
  Dacia 50,703 47,454 50,972 52,221 47,668 42,946 40,622
  Infiniti 1,021 1,059 2,208 3,675 4,573 4,024 3,949
  Lada 1,181 1,182 1,709 2,502 3,431 2,710 2,342
  Renault Samsung 12 0 0 0 0 0 0
Renault-Nissan Group sub-total 267,463 291,118 321,002 331,759 313,877 293,309 289,742
Ford Group Ford 238,823 259,531 282,872 287,286 283,665 277,631 273,401
Hyundai Group Hyundai 100,278 109,080 108,698 114,069 118,170 112,468 105,892
  Kia 53,735 55,890 60,736 60,319 62,175 60,802 56,093
  Genesis 0 0 1 0 0 0 1,316
Hyundai Group sub-total 154,013 164,970 169,435 174,388 180,345 173,270 163,301
Fiat Chrysler Automobiles Fiat 80,810 84,965 93,138 97,318 87,447 102,066 95,750
  Jeep 10,314 14,841 14,824 16,849 17,132 17,347 23,677
  Alfa Romeo 3,555 3,113 4,406 9,302 10,502 10,952 9,387
  Maserati 1,103 1,097 1,654 2,570 2,871 2,869 2,654
  Dodge 2,888 2,621 734 89 0 0 2,407
  Ram 1,932 1,261 1,188 1,183 1,719 2,032 1,601
  Amount supplied by Mitsubishi to FCA 0 0 450 1,550 1,581 1,565 1,340
  Lancia 449 75 24 36 35 18 10
  Chrysler 910 624 50 10 0 0 0
Fiat Chrysler Automobiles sub-total 101,961 108,597 116,468 128,907 121,287 136,849 136,826
Toyota Group Toyota 73,135 68,852 74,716 82,904 80,130 82,962 82,453
  Lexus 1,326 1,712 2,519 2,393 1,868 1,747 2,409
  Daihatsu 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Toyota Group sub-total 74,462 70,564 77,235 85,297 81,998 84,709 84,862
Mazda Motors Mazda 52,515 58,218 63,586 60,618 57,542 55,121 49,846
Geely Group Volvo 31,920 36,127 39,938 40,776 47,340 48,600 45,936
  LTC 0 0 0 4 120 537 514
  Lotus 115 142 152 152 91 75 111
Geely Group sub-total 32,035 36,269 40,090 40,932 47,551 49,212 46,561
Suzuki Group Suzuki 27,872 30,958 31,393 47,939 51,595 44,105 40,613
Tata Group Land Rover 16,663 21,350 24,373 23,421 21,861 21,751 23,012
  Jaguar 4,254 5,039 8,753 11,465 14,276 13,986 14,415
  Tata 2 25 0 0 0 0 0
Tata Group sub-total 20,919 26,414 33,126 34,886 36,137 35,737 37,427
Honda Group Honda 22,572 21,151 25,381 29,209 32,656 30,796 28,805
Tesla Motors Tesla 817 1,582 1,908 3,383 12,968 24,408 26,520
Fiat Industrial Iveco 7,438 8,408 8,823 9,096 9,627 9,647 9,807
Subaru Corporation Subaru 6,246 6,561 6,982 6,867 5,081 6,398 6,899
Mahindra Group Ssangyong 1,171 2,609 3,544 3,134 2,642 2,392 2,185
Isuzu Motors Isuzu 966 978 1,101 905 1,012 1,009 966
General Motors Group Chevrolet 5,657 803 909 667 380 330 286
  Cadillac 114 249 329 197 82 73 140
  GMC 0 20 38 6 0 0 0
  GMK 0 13 37 4 0 0 0
  Buick 2 0 0 0 0 0 0
General Motors Group sub-total 5,773 1,085 1,313 874 462 403 426
GAZ Group LDV 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other Lucid 0 0 0 0 0 238 1,177
  Aston Martin 293 311 268 451 665 1,031 950
  BMW (Alpina) 0 628 632 441 586 608 582
  Ferrari 652 659 710 947 815 683 564
  Faraday Future 0 0 0 0 0 0 439
  Piaggio 276 288 428 323 297 300 296
  McLaren 99 74 181 169 153 122 105
  Morgan 88 84 70 79 68 65 64
  Multicar 79 98 97 94 107 80 54
  Mia 2 0 0 0 0 0 0
  Saab 0 1 0 0 0 0 0
  Fisker 21 0 0 0 0 0 0
  Others 1,946 2,288 4,293 4,016 3,443 3,693 3,930
Other sub-total   3,456 4,431 6,679 6,520 6,134 6,820 8,161
Other Chinese Manufacturers Borgward 0 0 0 0 0 501 503
  Landwind 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other Chinese Manufacturers sub-total 1 0 0 0 0 501 503
Source: LMC Automotive "Global Automotive Sales Forecast (Quarter 2, 2017)
(Note) 1. Data indicate figures of only small-size vehicles, including passenger cars and light commercial vehicles with a gross vehicle weight of under 6 tons.  2. All rights reserved. Reproduction of any data will require permission of LMC Automotive.
For more detailed information or inquiries about forecast data, please contact LMC Automotive.

Key words
Germany, Autonomous driving, ADAS, Daimler, Mercedes-Benz, BMW, VW, Audi

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