Indonesia: OEMs gear up operations for growing market

Numerous Japanese companies increase capacity; GM resumes local production



Vehicle production and sales in Indonesia

Share of  auto market in Indonesia (2012)

 In 2012, both auto production and sales in Indonesia surpassed the one-million mark for the first time ever: production increased by 27.2% y/y to 1.07 million units while sales volume went up by 24.8% to 1.12 million units. Despite a new regulation for vehicle loans introduced in June 2012, demand for automobiles has been growing, backed by the strong local economy with a GDP growth rate of over 6% for three consecutive years. It has been reported in 2012 that the Indonesian government set the auto production and sales target in 2015 at 1.6 million and 1.5 million, respectively.

 In Indonesian auto market in 2012 (excluding large commercial vehicles), Japanese OEMs gained a market share of 95.3%. Among them, Toyota Group has continued to have a share over 50% with Toyota holding the largest share of 37.1% and Daihatsu the second largest of 15.1%.

 Three-row seating multi-purpose vehicles (MPV) account for around 60% of the Indonesian auto market. Toyota Group dominates the market with the top three models of this segment: Toyota Avanza, Daihatsu Xenia, and Toyota Innova.

 Besides MPVs, the market for the affordable compact eco-cars is expected to expand, supported by the incentives of the "low cost green car (LCGC)" program which the Indonesian government is considering to introduce. Although the LCGC program is yet to be announced as of the beginning of March 2013, after its announcement has been repeatedly postponed, a number of OEMs are planning to launch new compact models.

 While Indonesia has a population of 240 million, ranking fourth in the world, and GDP per capita in the country has been growing, the car ownership rate is still low; 40 vehicles per 1,000 people. Anticipating the increase in vehicle demand, Toyota, Nissan, Honda, Suzuki, Hino and Isuzu are planning to raise the production capacities of their existing plants. Toyota, Suzuki and Hino are also planning to build new engine plants while GM is scheduled to resume production in Indonesia.

 According to LMC Automotive’s prediction on January 2013, light vehicle sales in Indonesia will increase to 1.08 million units in 2013 by 8.8% y/y, and expand to 1.48 million in 2016. However, the 2013 growth rate will go down from last year’s 24.5%. LMC Automotive pointed out that due to weak Indonesian Rupiah and the tightened loan regulations, ”sales in the coming months are likely to slow more than we currently expect. It is possible we could lower our 2013 light vehicle forecast for Indonesia.”

Related Reports:

 Toyota: Sales expansion planned for North America and Asia (Mar. 2013)
Japanese suppliers continue to expand in South East Asia (Mar. 2013)

2012 production and sales are 1.07M, up 27% y/y, and 1.12M, up 25%, respectively

 2012 auto production and sales in Indonesia are at 1.07 million, up 27.2% y/y and at 1.12 million, up 24.8%, respectively. Looking at the unit sales by each OEM, Toyota Group continues to have a market share of over 50%. Besides, Suzuki boosted its sales by 34.1% y/y, with its share to grow to 11.7% from 10.9% in the previous year, while Honda's share expanded from 5.2% to 6.3% with a 49.4% increase in sales over the year before.

 The Indonesian government plans to build 1.6 million vehicles in 2015, aiming to turn the country into a hub of vehicle production/export in the medium term (reported in April, 2012). For this goal, the government has started to improve infrastructure including electricity and logistic network in 2011. According to the ministry of industry, new car sales in Indonesia are expected to reach 1.5 million in 2015 and 2 million in 2018 (reported in December 2012).

Indonesia: vehicle production, sales, and exports

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2015
Domestic production 411,638 600,628 464,816 702,508 837,948 1,065,557 1,600,000
Domestic sales 433,341 603,774 483,548 764,710 894,164 1,116,230 1,500,000
Export CBU 60,267 100,982 56,669 85,796 107,932 173,368
CKD 105,642 103,710 53,140 55,624 83,709 100,122
Source: The Association of Indonesia Automotive Industries (GAIKINDO)
(Note) 1. The figures for 2015 (Plan) are the Indonesian government's target; the target for production was set by Presidential Regulation 28/2008 (reported in April 2012) and sales was announced by the ministry of industry (reported in December 2012).
2. On June 15, 2012, the Indonesian government introduced a new rule requiring a certain amount of down payment for vehicle loans, seeking to minimize credit risks. The minimum down payment for bank loans should be 20% for commercial vehicles, 30% for passenger cars, and 25% for motorcycles while that for non-bank loans should be 25% for automobiles and 20% for motorcycles. (In Indonesia, around 65% of vehicles are purchased with financing with a conventional down payment of 10-15%.) In spite of the initial fears that the down payment policy would affect the vehicle market, the auto sales for 2012 remained strong. (The motorcycle sales decreased by 11.8% y/y.)


Unit sales by OEM in Indonesia (passenger cars and light trucks)

Unit sales Market share
2010 2011 2012 2010 2011 2012
Toyota 280,989 311,136 401,231 37.9% 35.8% 37.1%
Daihatsu 118,591 139,544 163,582 16.0% 16.1% 15.1%
Toyota Group 399,580 450,680 564,813 53.8% 51.8% 52.3%
Suzuki 71,210 94,569 126,808 9.6% 10.9% 11.7%
Mitsubishi 55,652 74,390 85,823 7.5% 8.6% 7.9%
Nissan 37,542 56,193 70,991 5.1% 6.5% 6.6%
Honda 61,336 45,416 67,843 8.3% 5.2% 6.3%
Mazda 4,503 8,933 12,137 0.6% 1.0% 1.1%
Subaru - 252 296 - 0.0% 0.0%
Isuzu 23,923 27,924 31,237 3.2% 3.2% 2.9%
Hino 8,604 10,482 15,987 1.2% 1.2% 1.5%
Mitsubishi Fuso 45,968 54,066 53,298 6.2% 6.2% 4.9%
Japanese OEM total 708,318 822,905 1,029,233 95.5% 94.7% 95.3%
Hyundai Group 11,591 14,632 19,218 1.6% 1.7% 1.8%
Ford 8,877 15,670 13,038 1.2% 1.8% 1.2%
GM 4,508 4,658 5,398 0.6% 0.5% 0.5%
Daimler Group 3,952 4,405 4,442 0.5% 0.5% 0.4%
BMW Group 1,240 1,588 2,528 0.2% 0.2% 0.2%
Proton 2,126 1,926 2,435 0.3% 0.2% 0.2%
VW Group 534 1,030 1,472 0.1% 0.1% 0.1%
Geely - 1,036 1,196 - 0.1% 0.1%
Fiat-Chrysler 120 882 550 0.0% 0.1% 0.1%
PSA 110 188 360 0.0% 0.0% 0.0%
Chery 528 185 271 0.1% 0.0% 0.0%
Tata 93 104 111 0.0% 0.0% 0.0%
Beiqi Foton Motor 37 12 34 0.0% 0.0% 0.0%
Total 742,034 869,221 1,080,286 100.0% 100.0% 100.0%
Source: The Association of Indonesia Automotive Industries (GAIKINDO)
(Note) 1. The sales figures include passenger cars and light trucks with GVW of up to 3.5 tons but exclude heavy-duty trucks.
2. Mitsubishi Fuso had started business in Indonesia when it was a Japanese company and are included in the Japanese OEMs in the table above.



More OEMs plan to introduce compact cars to use incentives of Low Cost Green Car Program under consideration

Indonesian government considering introduction of Low Cost Green Car (LCGC) Program

Outline  The Indonesian government has been considering the introduction of the Low Cost Green Car (LCGC) Program, similar to Thailand's Eco-Car Project, since 2009. The government has repeatedly postponed implementation of the LCGC program and a public pronouncement has yet to be made as of the beginning of March 2013. The program will encourage motorization and foster the auto industry by giving tax incentives (luxury-goods sales tax, value-added tax) to OEMs which produce and sell affordable compact eco-cars in Indonesia.
Qualification  According to the expected qualifications under the LCGC program, a car must have an engine displacement of up to 1,000-1,200cc, minimum fuel consumption of 20-22km/liter, and a price tag of below Rp 80 million-100 million. Local content will be required to be 40% at first and raised to 80% in three-five years. There is also a prediction that "engines should be locally supplied from the beginning."
Reason of delay  Since the Indonesian government allocates a large portion of financial resources for fuel subsidies, it is said to be difficult to secure a budget for the LCGC program and thus, the ministries of industry and finance face difficulties. The program may include hybrid and electric vehicles in addition to the low-cost fuel-efficient compact cars.

(Note) Rp 100 = JPY0.96 (as of early March 2013)


New models to be qualified under the LCGC program
Daihatsu Ayla/
Toyota Agya
 Five-door hatchback developed by Daihatsu based on the Mira e:S. Daihatsu will supply the model to Toyota on an OEM basis. The model comes with a 1.0-liter engine and is based on the expertise of affordable compact eco-cars gained through the development of Mira e:S. The vehicle also meets the Indonesian needs as the Astra Daihatsu Motor has participated in its development. The model's local content is over 80%.
Datsun Brand models (Nissan)  Nissan will bring back the Datsun brand and develop a low-cost eco-car under the brand. The new Datsun model will be launched in 2014 and is expected to create a new market.
Honda Brio  Following Thailand and India, Honda launched the Brio, a compact hatchback, into Indonesia in August 2012. The model is now imported from Thailand but will be produced at the existing Karawang plant starting in 2013 and at a new plant in 2014. The Brio comes with a four-cylinder 1.3-liter engine and a five-speed AT or MT and is priced at Rp 149 million-170 million.
Suzuki  Suzuki is planning to develop and release a compact car to be qualified under the LCGC plan based on its mini vehicles.
Tata Nano  Tata Motors is considering the introduction of the Nano, an ultra-compact car, as an LCGC vehicle starting in the beginning of 2013. The model will be produced in Indonesia starting in the same year.
Geely (Gleagle) Panda  Geely exhibited the Panda, a compact hatchback, at the Indonesia International Motor Show held in September 2012. The model is powered by a 998 cc VVTI engine and priced at Rp 98 million. Its fuel consumption is 18-22km/liter. (The model has no relation to the Fiat Panda.)



Toyota Group: Toyota's annual capacity to grow to 250K in 2014 and Daihatsu's to 450K in 2012

Toyota Group: Toyota and five other members of the group to invest Rp 13 trillion over next five years to reinforce initiatives in Indonesia

 In November 2012, Toyota and five other members of the Toyota Group (Toyota Auto Body, Toyota Tsusho, Aisin Seiki, DENSO and Daihatsu) announced that they would reinforce their initiatives in Indonesia by building new plants and increasing capacities at existing factories. The six companies plan to invest Rp 13 trillion and aim to increase employment to approximately 41,000 people (32,000 at present) over the next five years.
Toyota to expand annual production capacity to 250K from 110K
Building a second plant  Toyota is now building a second plant in Karawang, which will start operations in the beginning of 2013. Initially the second plant has the capacity to build 70K vehicles/year, increasing Toyota's total annual capacity in Indonesia to 180K from 110K at first.
To boost capacity at the second plant  In February 2012, Toyota announced that it would boost the annual capacity at the second plant under construction to 120K by early 2014. The investment will be increased by JPY15 billion to JPY41.3 billion in total. New models including a compact car presumably based on the Etios are scheduled to be produced at the second plant with a plan to increase exports of its vehicles.
To raise capacity at the first plant  Toyota will also raise the annual capacity at the first Karawang plant, where the Kijang Innova and the Fortuner are manufactured, from 110K to 130K by September 2013 (announced in November 2012). Toyota's annual capacity will reach 250K by 2014 with the increase in the capacities at the first and the second plants.
Engine plant  In November 2012, Toyota announced that it has decided to build a new engine plant at a 150-hectare site acquired near the existing Karawang plant.
Models to be launched  Toyota plans to introduce at least four new models into the Indonesian market by the fiscal year ending March 2017. The new models include the Agya supplied on an OEM basis from Daihatsu and a compact model to be developed presumably based on the Etios, a strategic car for emerging countries.


Toyota Auto Body starts assembling NAV1, a minivan based on Noah, from CKD kits in January 2013
 In January 2013, Toyota Auto Body announced that it started assembling the NAV1, a minivan based on the Noah, from CKD kits, at Sugity Creatives (SC: a joint venture established by Toyota Auto Body, Toyota Indonesia and Toyota Tsusho). SC had shifted production of Toyota Dyna/Hino Dutro to Hino's Indonesian plant in January 2010. In order to start assembly of the passenger cars, the company invested around JPY2 billion in the facility of the plant and will produce 6,000 units of the NAV1 per year.
 NAV 1 is a minivan model which falls between the Kijang Innova and the Alphard. The model is priced at Rp 378 million-398 million with targeted annual sales of 2,400 units.
Daihatsu suspending full-scale production of new compact cars since LCGC plan has yet to be implemented
 In October 2012, Daihatsu started operations at the Karawang plant, a second plant of its local subsidiary Astra Daihatsu Motor (ADM). The plant has an annual capacity of 120K. It was scheduled to produce the Daihatsu Ayla/Toyota Agya, new compact models for the LCGC program. Since the program has yet to be announced, the plant is now manufacturing the Daihatsu Xenia/Toyota Avanza. A test track and design center will also be built at the plant. Including the capacity of the second plant, Daihatsu's production capacity in Indonesia rose from 330K to 450K/year.



Suzuki, Mitsubishi, Nissan, Honda, Mazda and Subaru's activities in Indonesia

Suzuki to start operations at new engine plant with annual capacity of 100K in 2014

To build an engine plant  In January 2012, Suzuki announced that it plans to build a new vehicle engine plant in Indonesia. The plant will be constructed on a 1.3 million square meters-site to the east of Jakarta which the company had acquired. The total investment will be worth JPY40 billion including the cost of the land. The plant is scheduled to start production in 2014 with an annual capacity of 100K units. After the new plant is operational, Suzuki's capacity to produce engines in Indonesia will increase to 150K units/year.
 Suzuki suggested that, by utilizing the above-mentioned site, it may bring other plants together and increase the vehicle production capacity as well.
Launching the Ertiga  In April 2012, Suzuki launched production and sales of the Ertiga, a three-row MPV, in Indonesia with targeted production and sales of 50K/year. The Ertiga is a strategic model which had been launched in India ahead of Indonesia. The model sold 34,399 units in 2012 in Indonesia and ranked fifth in the MPV segment. The Ertiga accounted for nearly 50% of Suzuki's passenger car sales of 70K in the country.


Mitsubishi Motors starts production and sales of compact SUV Outlander Sport

 In July 2012, Mitsubishi Motors announced that it has launched production and sales of the Outlander Sport (RVR in Japan), a compact SUV, in Indonesia. It is the first time ever to manufacture the model outside Japan. Mitsubishi's subcontract assembler, Krama Yudha Ratu Motor manufactures the model at its Jakarta plant. The Outlander Sport is priced at Rp 289 million-325 million.


Nissan to boost annual capacity from 100K to 250K in 2014

Enhancing Indonesian business
(announced in March 2012)
* Nissan plans to invest JPY33 billion in Indonesia for strengthening its production base and sales presence as well as improving its product lineup.
* Annual production capacity will be increased from 100K to 250K by 2014, with the workforce expanding to 3,300.
* Sales outlets are planned to be doubled to 150 by 2015 (by opening the shops in the surrounding area besides the Java).
* Datsun brand will return and a Datsun model for the LCGC plan will be developed and launched in 2014.
Launching the Evalia  Nissan released the MPV Evalia in Indonesia in June 2012. Its local content in the year of the launch was 75% and will be raised to 90% within two years.


Honda to start operations at new plant with annual capacity of 120K in 2014

Building a new automobile plant  In June 2012, Honda announced that it started construction of a new automobile plant on the site of its existing Karawang plant with an investment of Rp 3.1 trillion. The plant is scheduled to begin production in 2014 with an annual capacity of 120K units. Honda will manufacture the Brio hatchback as well as an MPV model based on the Brio. With a new plant added, the company's automobile production capacity in Indonesia will increase to 180K in 2014.
 Honda will also strengthen the local product development function, establish an efficient production system, and increase local content to approximately 80% from 50% as of June 2012.
To start production of CVTs for compact cars  In the spring of 2013, Honda will start production of CVTs for compact cars in Indonesia (reported in May 2012). It is the first time for the company to manufacture the CVTs of the kind outside Japan. Approximately JPY5 billion will be invested to prepare facilities to produce 500K units/year, some of which will be exported to Thailand and other neighboring countries. PT Honda Precision Parts Manufacturing, Honda's consolidated subsidiary located in the suburb of Jakarta, will manufacture CVTs at a new plant to be built adjacent to the existing AT plant.
To launch CR-Z hybrid  Honda plans to launch its first hybrid, the CR-Z, into the Indonesian market in early 2013. Following Thailand, Malaysia, and Singapore, Indonesia will be the fourth country in the Southeast Asia where the CR-Z, a hybrid sports car, will be sold. For the Indonesian market, Honda will introduce the facelifted CR-Z equipped with a lithium-ion battery, which was launched in Japan at the end of September 2012.


Mazda aims for annual sales of 30K in 2015 by expanding its lineup

 In July 2012, Mazda announced its annual sales target of 30K in Indonesia for 2015 (12K in 2012). The company has been expanding its lineup by introducing the CX-5 SUV, which has adopted the next-generation technology SKYACTIV, in May 2012 and the Biante minivan in September of the same year.


Subaru to launch the SUBARU XV assembled in Malaysia into Indonesia

 Fuji Heavy Industries (FHI), the maker of Subaru automobiles, will launch the SUBARU XV, a crossover SUV assembled from KD kits in Malaysia starting in December 2012, into Indonesia. The model had been released in Europe at the end of 2011 and in Japan in September 2012 as well as exhibited at the Indonesia International Motor Show in the same month. In Malaysia, FHI plans to produce 5,300 units of the SUBARU XV per year.



GM, Daimler, BMW, VW, Tata and Chery's activities in Indonesia

GM to resume production in Indonesia and start assembling the Chevrolet Spin MPV in 2013

To resume production in Indonesia  GM will invest USD150 million to revive its plant in Bekasi, West Java, which shut down in March 2005, and resume production in 2013. The company will manufacture MPVs and SUVs at the plant with an annual capacity of 40K units.
To manufacture Chevrolet Spin  GM plans to start manufacturing the Chevrolet Spin, a new MPV model, at the Bekasi plant in early 2013 for the Indonesian and Thai markets. The Spin is a five-/seven-seater MPV with a trunk capacity of up to 1,668 liters.
Launches Chevrolet TrailBlazer  In August 2012, GM announced that it had launched the Chevrolet TrailBlazer SUV into the Indonesian market. Like the Captiva SUV, the TrailBlazer is presumed to be imported as a CBU (completely built-up units) vehicle from Thailand. The model is a seven-seater SUV priced at Rp 360.8 million-578.8 million.


Daimler to start assembly of M-Class and GL-Class from SKD kits in Indonesia

 In August 2012, Daimler announced that it would assemble the Mercedes-Benz SUVs from SKD kits in some Asian countries. For the first time, the company will start final assembly of its SUVs using SKD kits outside the SUV parent plant in Tuscaloosa/Alabama, USA. These kits are produced in Tuscaloosa and sent to the final assembly plants. Following the start of production of the M-Class in India, Thailand and Indonesia in 2012, the GL-Class will be assembled in India and Indonesia starting in 2013. Engines and transmissions are delivered from the powertrain plant in Stuttgart, Germany.


BMW launches the compact SUV X3 in Indonesia

 BMW launched the X3, a compact SUV, in Indonesia in April 2012 and started local assembly of the model from KD kits in May of the same year. Gaya Motor, a subsidiary of Astra International, assembles the SUV on a contract basis.


VW begins assembly of the T5 commercial/passenger van in Indonesia

 VW began SKD assembly of the T5 commercial/passenger van at the Jakarta plant of Garuda Mataram Motor, a joint venture established with Indomobil Group in January 2012 and launched the model in the Indonesian market in February of the same year. The company planned to assemble around 220 units of theT5 in 2012 and 1,200 units in total by 2015.


Tata Motors to enter Indonesia and launch the ultracompact Nano in early 2013

To establish sales network  In September 2012, Tata Motors announced its entry into Indonesia. (The Indian automaker currently sells only the vehicles of the affiliated Jaguar/Land Rover in Indonesia.) By the time of the product launch, PT Tata Motors Indonesia, a wholly owned Jakarta-based subsidiary set up by Tata Motors, will build a sales network for both passenger and commercial vehicles.
To launch vehicles in 2013  It is presumed that Tata Motors will launch the ultracompact Nano in early 2013 and its light trucks such as the Ace and Super Ace in the first half of the same year. The company will also start production of their vehicles in Indonesia in 2013.


Chery Automobile sets up an import and distribution subsidiary with Indonesian company

 In February 2012, Chery Automobile established PT Chery Mobil Indonesia in Jakarta jointly with an Indonesian partner, PT Gaya Motor, to import and distribute its models in the country (reported in February 2012). Along with the establishment of the joint venture, the Chinese company released three models for the Indonesian market: the Eastar Cross, a seven-seater MPV priced at Rp 199 million, the Tiggo SUV priced at Rp 159 million, and the Transcab pickup priced at Rp 88 million.



Heavy commercial vehicle manufacturers: Isuzu to build a new plant while Hino to set up an engine factory

Isuzu to make Indonesia a CV foothold for emerging market and to start operations of new plant in 2014

CV foothold for emerging countries  In the mid-term business plan, until March 2014, disclosed in November 2011, Isuzu introduced a strategy to make Indonesia a CV foothold for emerging markets. The company intends to form Global Three Core Business Organization by making Japan a CV foothold for advanced markets and Thailand a LCV foothold.
To build a new plant  Isuzu plans to invest Rp 1.5 trillion to build a new CV plant in Karawang, West Java, which is scheduled to start operations in 2014. With a new plant, the company's annual production capacity in Indonesia will expand to 80K from 42K. Isuzu will produce 13 new trucks starting in 2013.

Hino boosts annual capacity from 35K to 55K and plans to build a new engine plant

Boosts annual capacity to 55K  Hino built a new building at the site of the existing plant in Karawang, West Java, with an investment of about USD107 million, and boosted its annual capacity in Indonesia from 35K to 55K by the end of 2012. The company plans to launch production of 12 new models including Cruising Ranger FM285JD, an updated model of the medium-duty truck Ranger, within 2013 and sell them in Indonesia and other emerging countries.
To build an engine plant  Hino invested approximately JPY8 billion to start machining and assembling small engines within the fiscal year ending March 2013 at the site acquired adjacent to the existing Karawang plant. The company also plans to produce mid-sized engines in the future. The new engine plant will have an annual capacity of 70K engines which will be distributed in Indonesia as well as neighboring countries.


Sinotruk signs agreement with Intraco Penta to build a plant in Indonesia

 China National Heavy Duty Truck Group Corporation (Sinotruk), a heavy-duty truck manufacturer based in Shandong Province, China, signed a memorandum of understanding with PT Intraco Penta, an Indonesian distributor, in March 2012. According to the memorandum, the companies plan to build a plant in Indonesia to manufacture a whole range of CVs of the Sinotruk Group including heavy-duty and light trucks for the local market.



(Reference) Indonesia: production facilities of major automakers

Ownership ratio Assembly plant Annual production capacity
(1,000 units)
Production models
Toyota Motor
Toyota 95% First
(Sep. 2013)
Toyota Kijang Innova, Fortuner
0→70 (early 2013)
→120 (early 2014)
New compact models including a car presumably based on the Etios
Sugity Creatives Toyota Auto
Body 88.52%
Bekasi 0→6 (Jan. 2013) Production of Toyota Dyna/Hino Dutro was shifted to Hino's Indonesian plant in December 2009. Production of Toyota NAV1 started in January 2013.
Astra Daihatsu
Sunter 330 Daihatsu Terios/Toyota Rush,
Daihatsu Xenia/Toyota Avanza,
Daihatsu Gran Max/Toyota Lite Ace/
Hiace/Town Ace, Daihatsu Luxio
Karawang 120 (Oct. 2012) Daihatsu Xenia/Toyota Avanza,
Daihatsu Ayla/Toyota Agya
Hino Motors
Hino 90% Purwakarta 35→50
(End of 2012)
Hino Dutro/Toyota Dyna
Hino Super Ranger, Jumbo Ranger,
large bus chassis
Nissan Motor
Nissan 83.3% Purwakarta 100→250 (2014) Nissan Grand Livina, Livina,
X-Trail, Serena, March, Juke,
In 2012, Evalia was added.
Prospect Motor
Honda 51% First
60 Honda Jazz (Fit), CR-V, Freed
0→120 (2014) Production of Brio and a MPV model based on Brio to start in 2014
Indomobil Motor
Suzuki 90% Bekasi 80→200 (date to
be determined)
Suzuki SX4, Neo Baleno (SX4 Sedan),
Grand Vitara (Escudo), Karimun (Wagon R),
Carry, Suzuki APV/Mitsubishi Maven
In 2012, Ertiga was added.
Isuzu Astra
Motor Indonesia
Isuzu 44.94% Bekasi 42 Isuzu Panther, N series (Elf),
F series (Forward)
Karawang To be determined To start operations in 2014
Daimler 89.21% Bogor 20 M-Benz C-Class, E-Class, S-Class,
M-Benz CVs,
In 2012, A-Class and B-Class were added and in 2013 GL-Class will be added.
General Motors
GM 100% Bekasi 0→40 (2013) Shut down in March 2005.
To resume production in 2013 to assemble Chevrolet Spin.
Garuda Mataram
(Volkswagen Indonesia)
A joint venture between VW Group and Indomobil Group Jakarta n.a. VW Golf, Polo, T5; Audi A4, A6
Kia Mobil Indonesia A joint venture of Kia and Artha Graha Group Sunter 5 Kia Carens
Krama Yudha Ratu Motor Krama Yudha
Jakarta 70 Mitsubishi Fuso Colt Diesel (Canter),
Mitsubishi Colt 120SS, Colt L300,
In 2012, Mitsubishi Outlander Sport was added.
Hyundai Indonesia Motor Bimantara
Group 100%
Bekasi 12 Hyundai Atoz (Atos), Accent,
Excel, Avega, H-1 (Starex)
Korindo Heavy Industry Korindo Group Balaraja 4.5 Hyundai Mighty Truck, large buses;
Korindo large buses
Gaya Motor Astra 100% Jakarta
16 units/day BMW 3 Series, 5 Series,
In May 2012, X3 was added.
60 Geely MK, MK2; Foton View, MP-X, AUMARK, Midi; UD Trucks medium-/heavy-duty trucks;
In Q4 2012, production of Peugeot models resumed (Peugeot 3008).
National Assmblers Indomobil
Group 100%
Bekasi 30 Chery QQ, Tiggo; VW Touran; Great Wall Wingle; Mazda Baby Boomer, Van Trend
(Note) 1. Ownership ratio shows the share of the automaker.
2. The five manufacturers in blue in lower rows are locally-capitalized companies. Gaya Motor and National Assemblers are contract assemblers. Krama Yudha Ratu Motor produces the vehicles of Mitsubishi Fuso and Mitsubishi Motors, both of which do not have a stake in the local company. (Yet they do have in the local parts supplier and the auto dealer.)

Source: OEMs' press releases and various media reports


Production Forecast by LMC Automotive: Indonesia light vehicle production forecast by make

(LMC Automotive、February 2013)

According to LMC Automotive’s prediction on February 2013, light vehicle production in 2013 in Indonesia will increase to about 1,120,000 units by 16.2%, which is lower than last year’s 28.4% growth rate.

Indonesia light vehicle production by make

SALES GROUP GLOBAL MAKE 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Total 634,571 750,329 963,328 1,119,689 1,287,313 1,433,210 1,514,633
Beiqi Foton Foton 37 727 810 744 781 903 830
BMW Group BMW 838 989 2,416 2,122 2,628 2,611 2,755
Chery Group Chery 514 435 692 897 219 321 431
Daimler Group Fuso 11,800 12,465 3,445 14,080 12,633 14,764 16,177
Mercedes-Benz 2,665 4,805 5,224 2,048 2,501 2,676 2,980
Daimler Group Sub-total 14,465 17,270 8,669 16,128 15,134 17,440 19,157
Geely Group Geely 210 822 1,195 1,314 641 766 785
General Motors Group Chevrolet/Daewoo 0 0 0 32,450 51,636 49,100 54,545
Honda Group Honda 52,544 43,984 64,261 96,874 139,554 207,570 221,506
Hyundai Group Hyundai 6,104 5,173 7,885 9,375 10,706 7,122 7,842
Isuzu Motors Isuzu 16,994 18,179 41,203 27,035 27,086 28,786 33,169
Mitsubishi Motors Mitsubishi 46,614 60,197 63,671 79,342 88,863 97,338 103,865
PSA Group Peugeot 0 0 90 307 317 308 321
Renault-Nissan Group Datsun 0 0 0 0 8,237 26,937 34,840
Nissan 34,572 43,606 88,255 106,722 115,901 116,305 124,754
Renault-Nissan Group Sub-total 34,572 43,606 88,255 106,722 124,138 143,242 159,594
Suzuki Group Maruti 0 0 17,708 36,100 35,527 35,334 36,112
Suzuki 89,468 103,094 123,804 116,098 125,853 139,349 143,710
Suzuki Group Sub-total 89,468 103,094 141,512 152,198 161,380 174,683 179,822
Tata Group Tata 0 0 0 12,517 42,089 52,552 55,770
Toyota Group Daihatsu 118,075 132,126 173,258 193,023 205,553 208,151 216,243
Hino 1,479 1,858 12,955 11,996 12,817 13,170 14,167
Toyota 252,318 319,993 354,024 374,769 401,921 427,177 441,563
Toyota Group Sub-total 371,872 453,977 540,237 579,788 620,291 648,498 671,973
Volkswagen Group  Audi 0 687 509 395 394 404 412
Volkswagen 339 1,189 1,923 1,481 1,456 1,566 1,856
Volkswagen Group Sub-total 339 1,876 2,432 1,876 1,850 1,970 2,268
Source:LMC Automotive "Global Automotive Production Forecast (February, 2013)"
(Note) 1. Data indicate figures of only small-size vehicles, including passenger cars and light commercial vehicles with a gross vehicle weight of under 6 tons.
2. All rights reserved. Reproduction of any data will require permission of LMC Automotive.
3. For more detailed information or inquiries of forecast data, please contact LMC Automotive.

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