IAA Hannover Commercial Vehicle Show 2014 Report (Part 2)
Exhibits by Volvo, Scania, Renault and ZF
This report focuses on exhibits by Volvo, Scania, Renault and ZF at the IAA Hannover Commercial Vehicle Show 2014. The part 1 report is available in the following link with details of exhibits by Daimler and MAN at the same show.
Related Reports: IAA Hannover Commercial Vehicle Show 2014
IAA Hannover Commercial Vehicle Show 2014 Report (Part 1)
Volvo: eight redesigned models and dual transmissions
Volvo's flagship model series, FH, was unveiled at IAA Motor Show 2012. All medium- to heavy-duty trucks were remodeled in 2013.
The truck market (GVW over 6t) in Western Europe in 2013 was led by Daimler and MAN. Volvo came in third place with a market share of 12%, which suggests that Volvo's remodeling was well received in the market.
Volvo already enjoys a high presence in North American markets for Class 8 large-hood trucks (heavy-duty trucks). During the last few years, Volvo acquired control over MACK, a U.S. manufacturer, Renault, a French automaker, and UD Trucks of Japan. The company also invested in the truck division of Dongfeng Motor Commercial Vehicle, a Chinese company. As a result, Volvo has become the second largest truck manufacturer in the world only next to the Daimler (Benz) Group.
The Volvo trucks, as seen on the Autobahn A7, are gradually gaining market presence (the all-new DAF model in the far left).
Unlike the German truck manufacturers that highlighted the total cost of ownership (TCO) of their products, Volvo drew public attention to overall technical aspects of its trucks such as improved fuel efficiency and environmental compatibility of all-new engines, economic efficiency by total vehicle management, quality control and services. Its show slogan "Endless sustainability. Where bright ideas come from" was displayed on an eye-catching screen.
Impressive FH series trucks filled the Volvo stand partitioned by screens
Rather reserved Volvo Group display with Renault next to Volvo. Dongfeng Automobile had its own stand behind the display where the Chinese manufacturer exhibited tractors for the first time.
Outline of display:
* Vehicles: Eight medium- to heavy-duty trucks including the flagship FH16, FH460~750 (4x2, 6x4, 8x4), FL, FM (4x2), FMX (10x4) and FE (6x2)
* Engines: D16 16-liter 550ps-750ps and D13 12.8-liter 375ps-550ps (both compliant with Euro VI emission standards)
* Three new systems: -World-first I-Shift Dual Clutch -Electrohydraulic Dynamic Steering -Individual front air suspension available with the redesigned model
* A free cafe was crowded with drivers and other visitors to the show
A year has passed after the market launch. It features a large grille and unique window trims as well as the newly-developed engines and mechanisms. Volvo and Scania are competing well with German manufacturers such as Daimler and MAN.
FH GLOBE TROTTER XL with GVW 18t 540PS (D13 12.8-liter) spec, I-Shift and individual front suspension is the most popular tractor under the Volvo brand led by the FH16.
The Volvo FH has an entirely redesigned interior. The instrument panel gives the impression of a North European minivan unlike the German counterpart. The flat table by the driver's seat makes the cabin look larger. The integrated single-display cluster and control zones are somewhat unchallenging for a truck but they improve the visibility and controllability. The steering wheel is available in two diameters (450 and 500mm).
The four-point air cab suspension package is available in several versions with three cab height options as in the old model.
Economic efficiency, environmental compatibility and CO2 reduction, as well as higher torques for heavy-duty trucks, are common goals for the leading Volvo and all other truck manufacturers.
The all-new inline six-cylinder D16 engine developed for the redesigned FH series is one of the most powerful engines in Europe. The 16-liter engine was unveiled to public in three versions, 550, 650 and 750PS, at this Commercial Vehicle Show. The truck powered by the engine contributes to 15% improvement in fuel economy including the effect of the I-Shift automatic transmission.
The engine's economy is achieved in part by a vertically mounted nozzle injection unit and the geometrically configured combustion chamber. The four-rocker arm cam design delivers up to 639PS of braking performance. High level of economy and average speed are ensured by interaction between the "I-Shift" (mentioned below) and the engine speed range control.
[I-SHIFT Dual Clutch]
The world-first "I-Shift Dual Clutch" marked the first display of systems associated with Euro VI engines. The clutch is fixed to the driver's seat as on the MAN trucks. It allows for easy notch shift from R (reverse) to A (automatic) and to M (manual). The dual clutch transmission is also used on the Mitsubishi Canter.
The I-Shift transmission is a gearbox with two drive shafts and double-clutch functions. The 12-speed splitter and the range gearbox with automated gear-changing system allow the driver to select two gears at the same time. Power shifting is achieved seamlessly without interrupting traction to maintain torque and speed. It is easy to operate and ensures efficient operations.
In addition to the available I-Shift, several packages (software packages) are available consisting of different combinations of dual-clutch transmission, engine, rear axle and other driveline systems. They can be tailored for long-haul operations requiring best fuel performance, construction machinery, off-road use, etc.
[Dynamic Steering] (Electrohydraulic dynamic steering system)
An electronically-controlled electric motor is added to the steering gear of the conventional hydraulic power steering system. The Dynamic Steering ensures directional stability and automatically detects the road surface conditions. It provides safe and almost strain-free operations with the least effort. It is an active steering system with a positioning capability. It provides necessary control in contradicting conditions of straight stability and steering effort at low speeds. As a result, the steering wheel ensures stability in both automated turning and neutral positioning (same as ZF's servo twin steering system).
[Volvo Dynamic Steering]
Individual front suspension system: The first application on heavy-duty trucks. The system can be mounted on 4x2 and 6x2 drive systems (mainly tractors). Its use is rather limited in terms of front axle load of up to 8.5t.
|The flagship FH16 heavy-duty tractors fitted with the 750ps D16 engine||A 6x4 timber truck with 30t GVW and a rear air suspension system. Timber trucks were exhibited by all manufacturers.|
LED rear combination lamp on high-grade models (Volvo, Daimler, MAN, Scania)
|F16 8x4 heavy-duty tractor with all-wheel air suspension system with maximum 750PS, 36t GVW and 250t GCW maximum ↓ Heavy-duty tractors are often used in Europe to transport wind power generator blades and turbines. Volvo is leading this market along with MAN and Scania.||The 1300-liter fuel tank, air tank and other auxiliary components are located behind the cab.|
|FMX540 10x4 construction truck powered by 540PS D13 engine with 60t GVW and rear air suspension system. Low center of gravity for maneuvering muds and gravels.The cab has a partially redesigned front.|
|FL240 4x2 flat-deck vehicle carrier powered by 240PS D5K engine with 12t GVW and rear air suspension system. The medium-duty model shares the 2100mm wide cab with Renault and Daf.|
Scania: brand-new Streamline
In 2013, SCANIA, known for its advanced modular configurations, introduced enigines which meet EURO VI emission standards in the the G and R series under the all-new "Streamline" brand. The change was aimed at providing better economy, efficiency, driver comfort and other performances as well as serviceability.
The new Streamline may look unchanged on the outside but is well accepted in Europe. Scania received record-high orders on hand by the end of the second quarter 2014.
Scania parked along the Autobahn A7 Near Gottingen
Scania had a smaller booth space compared to German manufacturers. The company had drop curtains near the exhibited trucks with phrases that directed visitors' attention to fuel economy and benefits for the customer in the form of total cost of ownership (TCO). The sustainability and serviceability of Scania technology were also highlighted. The camouflaged photo of the test vehicle taken earlier in cold area suggested a full redesigning but the display turned out to be the latest version of the existing models.
Scania has become a member of the VW Group along with MAN. But the booth was filled with Scania fan drivers.
|The Streamline painted in Scandinavian blue||Scania booth was crowded all day long|
The highlight of the booth was the Streamline truck series including the flagship V8 R730 that meets Euro VI emission standards and are highly adored by truck drivers. Scania exhibited seven types of vehicles including tractors, swap-body chassis, timber transporters and tippers, as did Daimler and MAN. Also on display were CNG tractors and buses.
Scania had four engines on display ranging from the 16-liter V8 to the 9- to 13-liter inline six-cylinder engines all with superior fuel economy. They were exhibited next to the integrated SCR after-treatment system components.
V8 R730 and other Streamline highlights
|V8 engine that meet Euro VI standards and the R730 flagship truck||Drivers with family and children (In Europe, knowledge about trucks begins in childhood)|
|R730 Blue Stream, a monster 6x2 tractor, is the only tractor in Europe powered by a V8 engine "Fahrer (driver)": It is promoted as "the driver's truck" with 730ps output and 18t GVW and 44t GCW and a full air suspension system|
V8 engines: Available in three versions including 16.4-liter 520, 580 and 730ps (2700-3500Nm maximum) built on the new Scania modular engine platform that was introduced in 2007. Improved fuel economy and environmental performance are achieved by the reputed extra-high-pressure fuel injection and Scania exhaust gas treatment technology.
Sales copy: Power and torque is always there when you need it the most. Inexhaustible, tough and powerful engine meets the toughest emission demands in the world."
Inline 6-cylinder engines: Three engines in the range of 9-liter 320-340ps and 13-liter 410-450ps that meet Euro VI standards. Exhibited at the show was the all-new 13-liter 450ps engine without the exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) system. The engine only has the selective catalytic reduction (SCR) after-treatment system and delivers high power output, economic efficiency and environmental performances. It is being marketed as a new-generation engine.
Fuel economy enhancing systems and devices on trucks powered by 13-liter and 16-liter engines: The Streamline series reflects technological innovations aimed at reducing the customer's operational cost and providing high serviceability. The result is the improved truck uptime and transport environmental performance (according to Scania).
Panels showing improved fuel economy on 13-liter 450ps and other engines:
|8% higher overall compared to earlier truck models||Including 3% improvement by associated systems and devices|
* Eco-mode Opticruise: A new performance mode has been introduced for fuel economy optimization. The economy mode integrates Scania Opticruise control, active change prediction (GPS-based load and terrain sensing) and Eco-roll system. It contributes to 4 to 5% improvement of fuel economy (by means of speed prediction control).
* The Scania retarder has a freewheel function that saves fuel according to the braking need. * The brake compressor in the engine and the oil level optimization in the gearbox contribute to 2% better fuel economy. * Special oil with higher working temperature and lower viscosity also contributes to better fuel economy. * Improved serviceability (uptime, operation, durability, robustness) * Troubleshooting, maintenance service, support and other applications are available for online vehicle maintenance. (Partially taken from Scania PR material)
* The guide fin at the front corners of the cab in G and R-series trucks improves aerodynamic performance, prevents splash and improves fuel economy. The fin eliminates the corner vane (air inlet) that is often used by other truck manufacturers on the corner panel on their trucks.
|Aero guide fin at cab corners||Integrated daytime headlamp unit|
Safety: * Integrated LED indicator and daytime headlamp unit * Sunvisor lamp for a broader vision
Driver-oriented design: * Scania quality and premium impression * Streamlined, refined exterior styling, optional pin stripes and new blue color * Improved trim quality, cab ventilation, premium leather seats, interior color (sand color) * Audio system with navigation, Bluetooth connectivity, AUX, USB and SD card capabilities
Despite all the fine changes, the basic cab structure remains unchanged. Even the R730 does not have the flat floor found in other trucks. The easy-to-operate roundish instrument panel is unchanged except for the decorative strips and assistant table available with the R730.
* Recent top-range tractors by Scania and many other manufacturers have a stainless steel or aluminum chequered plate covering the entire platform. The coverage is minimal on middle or lower ranges. The use of LEDs in the rear combination lamp is increasing for better visibility.
* The low-deck tractor, left, and swap-body chassis, right, were exhibited by Scania and other manufacturers. The low-deck tractor is combined with a low-deck trailer for customers in need of larger volume. It has a ground clearance of 90cm to the coupler surface. Swap-body tractors are popular in Europe and were exhibited by several manufacturers during the show as reported earlier in the Part 1 report. The chassis has been standardized.
|Low-deck tractor with 90cm coupler ground clearance R450 13-liter 450PS 4x2, GVW 18t full air suspension Powered by the newest engine and meets emissions requirement by SCR alone||Swap-body chassis R490 13-liter 490PS 6x2, GVW 20t full air suspension Can run on 100% bio-diesel fuel|
|Timber transporter R520V8 16-liter 520ps 6x4 GVW 30t||Offroad construction truck G450 13-liter 450PS 8x4 GVW 36t|
|CNG tractors CNG trucks were exhibited by many manufacturers. Scania advertised power and quietness of its tractors. G340 9-liter 340ps 4x2 up to 95% reduction of CO2 (biogas model)||Short-distance distribution freezer truck Scania is keen on alternate fuels and advertised quietness and economy of its trucks. P320 9-liter 320PS 6x2 up to 66% reduction of CO2 (biogas model)|
Renault: fully-redesigned models and concept trucks
Renault Trucks is a member of the Volvo Group as is Japan's UD Trucks. The company exhibited the thoroughly-redesigned trucks at the IAA show.
Renault Trucks held the top share in France in 2013 but its share was only 8.5% in Western Europe.
The reputable heavy-duty flagship truck, Magnum, and Premium underwent a total facelift. Their series were integrated (re-classified) as a new line of heavy-duty trucks.
|Previous generation Renault Left: the Premium Right: The top range Magnum|
|Photos from the 64th IAA 2012|
Renault Trucks had a small space adjacent to the Volvo booth. The heavy- to light-duty trucks were exhibited side by side in an easy-to-observe layout.
A new series ranging from light- to heavy-duty trucks
The light- to medium-duty trucks were also partially redesigned at the same time as the heavy-duty trucks. The entire fleet of Renault Trucks is now referred to collectively as the "Range" series.
The heavy-duty trucks had several cab variants until 2013. They were integrated into one newly-designed cab style. The 4x2 tractors are now integrated under a series name of Range T, the 6x4 construction trucks under RANGE C, and the 8x4 GVW 32t heavy-construction trucks under Range K.
Volvo's D13 (520ps)-D11 (480-430ps) engines tailored to Renault specifications are used on all heavy-duty trucks.
The fully-redesigned 13-liter 520ps GVW 18t heavy-duty tractor Range T The Range T was awarded "The International Truck of the Year 2015" by European truck journalists.
The Renault Magnum, the flagship truck that was popular among drivers, was replaced by the Renault Trucks T. The new series features geometrical and trapezoidal shapes and parting lines in its interior and exterior designs. Despite the slanted window and the cab space that has become somewhat smaller, the Renault Trucks T has won design awards in Italy and the United Kingdom.
The Renault Trucks T awaits judgment by drivers as to its stateliness and poise. The manufacturer seems to be self-excited with new shapes and motifs let alone the rough treatment such as the exposed mechanical parts and structural components.
|Construction truck Range C 11-liter 460ps 6x4 GVW 26t||Off-road truck Range K 11-liter 460ps 8x4 GVW 32t|
Renault Trucks offers Renault Trucks Optifuel package (hardware and software), a comprehensive approach aimed at improving fuel efficiency. The company's exhibits at the show drew public attention to efficient profitability, hydraulically-driven OptiTrack, fleet and operation management systems, profitability, robustness and reliability.
The epochal heavy-duty electric truck that was proposed during the last motor show was not found at this show. As Volvo's wholly-owned subsidiary, the truck series and images of Renault Trucks seem somewhat organized. But the company seems a bit shy about appealing its overall technical momentum and originality (maybe in a reserved attitude toward Volvo).
Interior and instrument panels of the heavy-duty Range T, C, K series
The multi-function steering wheel has cruise control, speed limiter and other controls. Automatic transmission and other powerline controls are located on the column knob (same as on Scania trucks). Other than the use of carbon material, the front window is slanted as mentioned earlier and the instrument panel seems oppressive. The cabin has a flat floor but seems narrower than the previous model.
Light-duty trucks have cabs that are manufactured by Nissan Motor Iberica in Spain. They were partially redesigned around the front. The light-duty trucks are classified under the Range D series. The medium-duty distribution van Renault Master was reskinned to coincide with the full-redesigning of the Daily Van manufactured by Iveco in Italy.
All trucks from the distribution van Renault Master to the GVW 12t medium-duty trucks are classified under the Range D series.
Daimler's concept truck was reported earlier in IAA report (Part 1). Conceptual technologies that were exhibited at the show are reported below.
[Renault-Optifuel LAB2 Truck Concept]
Efficient operation achievable by original power energy and vehicle configuration!
In 2010, Renault Trucks introduced the Optifuel LAB 1, a conceptual laboratory vehicle aimed at optimizing distribution energy for heavy-duty trucks through advanced energy source management, interaction between the truck and infrastructure, etc. After two years of road tests, the company has developed the Optifuel LAB 2, second-generation of the laboratory vehicle. Only a 1/5 scale model was exhibited at the IAA show.
* Collaborative studies with component suppliers on reducing energy consumption and wheel resistance, auxiliary drive units, aerodynamics, and energy management * Solar panels to electrically drive power units such as air conditioning * Exhaust gas heat recovery system for regenerating electric energy * Improvement of aerodynamics by means of aerodynamic attachments, tire optimization, and weight reduction by using carbon fibers * Driver aids such as GPS and auto-cruise for fuel-efficient driving
(Partial photos taken from PR material)
* Body rectification, underbody and tire patterns, weight reduction * Roof mounted variable deflectors * Camera system for enhanced vision * Solar panels mounted on the trailer, and cabin deflector * Air rectifiers at the trailer under-end * Use of CFRP
[ZF Innovation Truck Concept] Remotely controlled from a tablet outside the cab
* More than 25m long double-trailer truck can be controlled from a hand-held tablet outside the cab when maneuvering in narrow spaces where best maneuvering skill is required. * The truck driver can control the truck having two articulation joints at a desired speed by sliding fingers on a tablet. * The Hybrid ZF TRAXON (an electrohydraulic twin link steering system) and telematics data transmission (used to calculate relative angles of the trailer axles via wireless sensors) are used to control the angles of articulation and truck speed for remote steering. * A planar view of the truck is displayed on the tablet along with actual views taken by roof-mounted cameras. The driver can choose a driving mode between Forward and Reverse, and maneuvering speed from 0.5 to 4km/h by sliding fingers just like ordinary tablet devices. * The driver is relieved from the frequent steering maneuvers as well as eye and physical stresses during otherwise difficult backing operation. * The shortage of drivers and their aging is some of the concerns addressed by the ZF Innovation Truck project. Its innovative technologies will also be used to improve drivers' vocational skills after clearly distinguishing between unaided and aided driving.
|The ZF booth had scale models and tablets for visitors to try warehousing and parking maneuvers. Practice is all it takes for women and students to control the extra-long configuration.|
|↓ Demonstration in an outdoors pit|
(Some of the photos are taken from PR material)
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