Beijing Auto Show 2014: Japanese, European & American green vehicles

Toyota, Daimler-BYD, Audi and Volvo display models in various stages of development



 This is the second report on the 2014 Beijing International Automotive Exhibition which was held in April 2014. This report focuses on the 15 new-energy vehicles (including 7 concept cars) that were exhibited by 9 Japanese, European and American OEMs: Toyota, Nissan, Honda, Volkswagen, Daimler, PSA, BMW, Volvo Car and TESLA. The exhibited models include 5 plug-in hybrid vehicles (PHVs), 7 hybrid vehicles (HVs) and 3 electric vehicles (EVs).

Related Reports:

▽ Beijing Auto Show 2014:
  * Gasoline/diesel models by European and American OEMs

▽ North American International Auto Show 2014:
  * US OEMs    * European OEMs

▽ Tokyo Motor Show 2013:
  * European and US OEM

▽ IAA Frankfurt Auto Show 2013:
  * BMW, VW, Daimler    * European & Asian OEMs    * American & Japanese OEMs


A list of new-energy vehicles (HV, PHV, EV) exhibited at Beijing Auto Show 2014

OEM Local production
OEMs and brands
Models Notes
(● stands for a concept car)
Toyota Lexus: NX 300h (HV) To be imported (in the 2nd half of 2014)
Tianjin FAW Toyota Toyota 11th Corolla Hybrid Local production to start in 2015;
a gasoline-fueled model was displayed this year.
GAC Toyota            Levin Hybrid
Nissan Dongfeng Nissan
Passenger Vehicles
Venucia e30 (EV) Local production started
(To be released in Sep. 2014)
Honda Honda: Concept B (HV)                             ●
Local production to start in 2016
Acura Acura: RLX SH-AWD (HV) To be imported in Aug. 2014
VW VW: Golf GTE concept (PHV) To be imported in 2015
Audi Audi: TT Offroad Concept (PHV)
Bentley Bentley: Hybrid concept (PHV)
Daimler BYD-Daimler
Denza: EV 2box To be produced at the Shenzhen plant
(To be released in Sep. 2014)
PSA Citroen Citroen: CACTUS concept (HV)
Peugeot Peugeot: EXALT concept (PHV)
BMW BMW: Vision Future Luxury concept (HV)
Volvo Car Volvo: S60L plug-in hybrid concept
TESLA TESLA: Model S (EV) Import and sales started in Apr. 2014

Toyota exhibits two locally-produced hybrid models and Lexus NX 300h


OEM Models Description
Tianjin FAW Toyota All-new (11th-generation) Corolla Hybrid  A premiere debut of the hybrid version of the fully-redesigned 11th-generation Corolla. It will be produced at the Tianjin plant and will be released within 2015. The gasoline-fueled model will be launched earlier in mid-2014.
 The Corolla hybrid was developed by Toyota's Engineering & Manufacturing (China) Co., Ltd. located in Changshu. It is equipped with a locally-produced hybrid system. It is a sibling to the Levin Hybrid which will be introduced almost simultaneously by GAC Toyota. The Corolla Hybrid has the exterior design of the Corolla that is sold in the U.S. It is built on Toyota's "MC" global platform.
GAC Toyota Levin Hybrid  A premiere debut of the hybrid version of the Levin midsize four-door sedan that was developed for China. It is 4630mm long, 1775mm wide and 1480mm high with 2700mm wheelbase.
 The Levin Hybrid is a sibling of the 11th-generation Corolla hybrid that will be launched within 2015 by Tianjin FAW Toyota. It will be produced at the Guangzhou plant where production of the gasoline-fueled version will also take place. It will be launched in 2015

Note: Toyota is committed to introducing new mid- and small-size models that account for 60% in the Chinese market. The company will expand its lineup of mid- and small-size models with high market appeal. In 2013, Toyota launched the all-new small-size models, Vios and the Yaris, that were developed exclusively for China. Toyota is now introducing the 11th-generation Corolla and Levin with hybrid versions to appeal to young people who were born in the 1980s and 1990s.


All-new Corolla All-new Corolla
Tianjin FAW Toyota's All-new Corolla (11th-generation): The hybrid version is slated for launch in 2015.  
GAC Toyota's Levin GAC Toyota's Levin
GAC Toyota's Levin: The hybrid version is slated for launch in 2015.  


OEM Models Description
Toyota Lexus NX 300h (HV)  A world premiere of the production model of the all-new high-end compact crossover SUV. It is based on the Lexus LF-NX concept that was unveiled in 2013. Its body is 4630mm long, 1845mm wide and 1645mm high with 2660mm wheelbase. The HV is powered by a combination of a 2.5-liter engine and a hybrid system.
 The NX 200t fitted with a 2.0-liter gasoline turbocharged engine will also be available. It will be launched in Japan in the latter half of 2014.


Lexus NX 300h Lexus NX 300h
Toyota's Lexus NX 300h (HV)



Nissan to launch Venucia e30 EV in September 2014


OEM Models Description
Dongfeng Nissan Passenger Vehicles Venucia e30 (EV)  This is the first electric hatchback under the Venucia brand. Its body size is 4467mm long, 1771mm wide and 1549mm high with 2700mm wheelbase. Its vehicle weight is 1494kg (1920kg GVW). It will be released in September 2014 (Its trial sales already started in December 2013).
 The drive system (maximum output: 80kW, maximum torque: 254Nm) consists of lithium manganese oxide storage battery (24kWh capacity) and permanent magnet AC synchronous motor for the front axle. It takes 8 hours to fully charge from a household outlet (220V), and 30 minutes with the 80% quick charger at a charging station. The EV has a cruising range of 180km (according to the maker) and maximum speed of 145km/h. It accelerates from 0 to 50km/h in 4.4 seconds.

Note: Nissan also exhibited the Nissan Blade Glider concept, an EV sport concept car that was exhibited at the 2013 Tokyo Motor Show. Nissan's technical exhibits included the Smart Rearview Mirror (SRVM) technology that the company aims to commercialize in Japan in 2014 and in the rest of the world in 2015. Nissan also drew visitors' attention to the "Safety Shield Approach" including the autonomous driving system that Nissan intends to mass-produce in 2020.


Venucia e30 Venucia e30
Dongfeng Nissan Passenger Vehicles' Venucia e30 (EV)



Honda unveils Hybrid Concept B and Acura RLX SH-AWD


OEM Models Description
Honda Honda Concept B (HV)  A world premiere of the all-new five-door hybrid hatchback concept designed for young Chinese. The HV embodies Honda China's "FUNTEC" slogan. It is under development as of April 2014 and is slated for production and sales in China in 2016.
 Honda's "FUNTEC" technology refers to Honda's eco-friendly technologies, such as the all-new CVT and DCT transmissions, start-stop systems and others that adopt "Earth Dreams Technology" engine features.
Acura RLX SH-AWD (HV)  A China premiere of the hybrid version of the Acura RLX . Is import and sales will start in August 2014. The front-wheel drive version is already being imported.
 The hybrid version features Honda's hybrid system called SPORT HYBRID SH-AWD (Super Handling-All Wheel Drive). Specifically, it consists of a 3.5-liter direct-injection i-VTEC V6 engine, a 7-speed DCT transmission with a built-in high-output electric motor, and a rear drive unit with two independent motors.
 Honda announced at the motor show that it is meeting with its local partner, GAC Group, regarding concrete plans for starting local production of some of the Acura models in 2016.


Honda Concept B Honda Concept B
Honda Concept B hybrid concept  
Honda's Acura RLX SH-AWD (HV)



VW Group introduces Audi TT Offroad concept and two other PHVs


Brand Models Description
VW Golf GTE concept (PHV)  The all-new hatchback PHV concept which was unveiled at the 2014 Geneva Motor Show. The PHV is set for market launch in Europe in the fall of 2014 and in China in 2015 (for about CNY 400,000 in China). The car has average fuel efficiency of 1.5-liter/100km (according to the maker).
 The maximum range is 50km in EV mode, 939km in HV mode. The plug-in hybrid drive system has a maximum output of 204hp.
Audi TT Offroad Concept (PHV)  A world premiere of the PHV version based on the Audi TT 2-door sports coupe. The PHV is a four-door small SUV concept with four seats and a high roof. It is close in size to the small Audi Q3 SUV (4390mm long, 8cm shorter). It has 255/40R21 large-diameter tires on the 21-inch wheel.
 The plug-in hybrid drive system (maximum output: 300kW/408hp, maximum torque: 650Nm) consists of a 12kWh lithium-ion battery, two electric motors, and the TFSI 2.0-liter four-cylinder turbocharged engine. The PHV can be recharged through wireless charging. It has a maximum cruising range of 50km in EV mode with a total cruising range of 880km. Its European cycle fuel efficiency is rated at 1.9-liter/100km and the CO2 emissions at 45kg/km.
Bentley Hybrid concept (PHV)  A world premiere of the Bentley flagship Mulsanne PHV concept. It is 5575mm long, 2208mm wide and 1521mm high with 3266mm wheelbase. It has a maximum EV-mode cruising range of 50km (31 miles).
 The plug-in hybrid drive system with a 631hp total output has a 6.75-liter V8 twin-turbo engine (maximum output: 505hp), drive motor (maximum output: 126hp) and lithium-ion battery stowed under the floor.
 The same hybrid system will also be used on the Bentley SUV slated for launch in Germany and other markets in 2017.


Golf GTE concept Golf GTE concept
VW's all-new Golf GTE plug-in hybrid Concept  
TT Offroad Concept TT Offroad Concept
Audi's all-new TT Offroad plug-in hybrid Concept  
Bentley Hybrid concept Bentley Hybrid concept
Bentley Hybrid Concept: The full-size sedan concept with an all-new plug-in hybrid drive system (premiere)



Daimler uncovers first Daimler-BYD production model, Denza EV 2 box hatchback


OEM Models Description
BYD-Daimler Denza EV 2box  A world premiere of the four-door five-seat EV hatchback. It is the first production model carrying the Denza brand of Shenzhen BYD Daimler New Technology Co., Ltd.: BYD-Daimler. The EV hatchback has vehicle weight of 2090kg (with 2550kg GVW). It is 4642mm long, 1850mm wide and 1642 high with 2880mm wheelbase. It has a 460-liter trunk.
 The Denza EV 2box will be built at the Shenzhen plant and is set for market launch in September 2014. It will be sold for CNY 369,000 to CNY 399,000 (after application of the CNY 114,000 government subsidies). The car has electric power efficiency of 18.9kWh/100km and an electric bill of approximately CNY 20 (at the average electric power rate as of April 2014).
 The Denza EV 2box has a maximum cruising range of 300km. It takes 7 hours to fully charge the vehicle from a household outlet (220V) and 1 hour using a quick charger at an exclusive charging station (or 3 hours using a 22kW maximum output charger). It accelerates from 0 to 50km/h in 4.3 seconds and has a maximum speed of 150km/h. The car garnered a five-star rating in the Chinese new car assessment program (C-NCAP).
 The EV drive system is of the front-wheel drive type (maximum output: 86kW, rated output: 68kW, maximum torque: 290Nm, rated torque: 177Nm). BYD's lithium iron phosphate battery (LFP) has maximum capacity of 47.5kWh and weighs 550kg. It is held in a hard aluminum case and stored under the body. The drive system is fitted with a permanent magnet synchronous drive motor and a single reduction gear.
 The EV is equipped with 18-inch aluminum wheels, leather seats, innovative navigation controls, Bosch ESP, smart keyless entry, parking assist, tire inflation alert, airbags (6 or 8 airbags), ACC, anti-theft electronic system, and remote control (service) system.


Denza EV 2box Denza EV 2box
Denza EV 2box
"Denza EV 2box" hatchback production model carrying the Daimler-BYD's Denza brand  
BYD-Daimler exclusive charger
New exclusive charger (max. output 22kW) exhibited by BYD-Daimler (Shenzhen)



PSA debuts Peugeot plug-in hybrid concept EXALT


OEM Models Description
Citroen CACTUS concept (HV)  Asian premiere of the hybrid concept that made a world premiere earlier in 2013. Its production model is the gasoline-fueled Citroen C4 CACTUS that was unveiled at the Geneva Motor Show 2014. Citroen does not plan to launch the hybrid version in the market.
 The hybrid concept takes hybrid power from the safer, compressed air rather than electric energy that is normally used by hybrid vehicles. The system offers three driving modes including air, gasoline and hybrid.
 The hybrid concept car has a maximum output of 110kW and maximum torque of 197Nm. It is powered by an inline four-cylinder DOHC PureTech gasoline engine paired with a 6-speed CVT transmission. They are combined with PSA's unique Hybrid Air engine system that is protected by 80 patents. The "Airbump" is a hydraulic autobody protection system designed to mitigate the collision damages. The car is also fitted with a panoramic sun-roof. Light-emitting diodes are used in the 3D-effect rear lamps.
Peugeot EXALT concept (PHV)  A world premiere of the four-door sports sedan plug-in hybrid concept. It inherits the design philosophy of the ONYX Concept Car that was announced in 2012. Various different materials are used inside and outside of the vehicle. For example, the car's rear end is clad in Shark Skin, a textile produced by biomimicry and inspired by the surface of shark skin. This improves the car's aerodynamic performance. The body is made of lightweight material called Basalt fibre.
 The car is 4730mm long and 1310mm high with 2810mm wheelbase. It weighs 1700kg, and has 20-inch aluminum wheels. The driver can choose from gasoline, electric and hybrid drive modes. The PHV is equipped with Pure Blue air purification system and the unique "i-Cockpit" featuring a compact steering wheel and electronic meter cluster.
 The drive system (maximum output: 340hp/253kW) is PSA's plug-in hybrid system called the "plug-in hybrid4 drive train." The front wheels of the all-wheel drive car are driven by a 1.6-liter gasoline engine (maximum output: 201kW) and the rear wheels by a drive motor (output: 50kW). The hybrid system is combined with a 6-speed automatic transmission.

Note: A cutaway model of the Peugeot 2008 Hybrid Air was exhibited at the technical exhibit corner (see the photos below).


Citroen CACTUS concept Citroen CACTUS concept
Citroen CACTUS concept (HV)  
Peugeot EXALT concept Peugeot EXALT concept
Peugeot EXALT concept Peugeot EXALT concept
Peugeot EXALT concept (PHV)  
Peugeot 2008 Hybrid Air Peugeot 2008 Hybrid Air
A cutaway model of Peugeot 2008 Hybrid Air (HV)



BMW unveils Vision Future Luxury hybrid concept


OEM Models Description
BMW BMW Vision Future Luxury concept  A world premiere of the concept car which is likely to be positioned in BMW's flagship 9 Series, the higher series than the 7 Series. It is fitted with the Connected Drive, next-generation Vision Head-up display, infotainment system for rear-seat occupants and other features that hint at a future of the modern luxury model for the BMW brand. The car is fitted with the high-efficiency, high-performance eDrive plug-in hybrid powertrain.
 In addition to the high quality interior and exterior designs, the concept car is fitted with some cutting-edge technologies including laser headlamps and organic electroluminescence headlamps. Intelligent lightweight engineering concept using aluminum and carbon fiber materials and highly integrated user interface also enhance the brand image known for luxury, innovation and performance.

Note: Other Asian premieres by BMW included the new compact coupe BMW 2 Series, the new midsize sports SUV BMW X4, the new midsize 4- and 2-door sports sedan BMW 4 Series, and the high-performance sedan BMW M3. Models making China premiere also included the BMW i3 (EV) and BMW i8 (PHV) both from the BMW i Series slated for import starting in the second half of 2014.


BMW Vision Future Luxury concept BMW Vision Future Luxury concept
BMW Vision Future Luxury concept



Volvo Car introduces S60L plug-in hybrid concept with new gasoline engine


OEM Models Description
Volvo Car S60L plug-in hybrid concept  A world premiere of the long-wheelbase sedan S60L plug-in hybrid Concept (which is close to the production model). The production model will be produced at the new Chengdu plant in Sichuan province. It will be launched in China starting in the first half of 2015.
 The driver can choose from Pure (electric), Hybrid, and Power (gasoline engine) drive modes. The car has a maximum crusing range of 50km (electric mode) and 1000km (hybrid mode) and accelerates from 0 to 100km/h in 5.5 seconds. It has fuel efficiency of 2.0-liter/100km in electric/hybrid mode drive along with 50g/km CO2 emissions. It takes 4.5 hours to fully charge from a 10A power source, and 4.0 hours from a 16A power source.
 The front wheels are driven by a 2.0-liter 4-cylinder turbocharged Drive-E gasoline engine (output: 238hp, torque: 350Nm). The rear wheels are driven by an electric drive motor (output: 68hp, torque: 200Nm), lithium-ion battery module (11.2kWh capacity) and an 8-speed automatic transmission.
 The same hybrid system is used in the diesel type PHV, the V60 plug-in hybrid, which is already in the market. But the engine in the latest version has been replaced by a newly-developed gasoline turbocharged engine.

Note: Volvo Car will release the XC90 production model in the second half of 2014. The production model is based on the Concept Estate that made an Asian premiere. It is also reported that the company may start volume production of the same model under the model name of Volvo V90 in 2015. It will be built on the all-new SPA platform and fitted with the Drive-E powertrain.


Volvo S60L plug-in hybrid concept Volvo S60L plug-in hybrid concept
Volvo S60L plug-in hybrid concept



TESLA starts import and sales of the Model S EV sedan in China


OEM Models Description
TESLA Model S  The imported EV was launched in China in April 2014 (the first 8 units were delivered officially in a ceremony at Tesla's office in Beijing on April 22). The company has set an annual sales goal of 5,000 units in 2014. Tesla plans to switch to local production in China in next 3-4 years. It has been reported, however, that the company has a long way to go before finding a local partner.
 The starting price for the Model S with an 85kWh battery is CNY 734,000 (USD 118,000). The same model is sold in the U.S. for USD 71,000 before federal tax credits. The price will soar in China because of the value-added tax and import duties. Tesla hopes the Model S to be qualified for China's EV subsidies to help offset the taxes.


TESLA Model S: Production model that was exhibited at the 2013 Tokyo Motor Show which is the same as the model sold in China (photos showing the exterior and the front hood)



Exhibits by Mitsubishi Motors and Fuji Heavy Industries (Subaru)

 Among other Japanese OEMs, Mitsubishi Motors displayed the Concept GC-PHEV and the Concept XR-PHEV (reference exhibits). These vehicles showed the direction of R&D and production in China under the theme of next-generation technologies. Please refer to the 2013 Tokyo Motor Show report for the details of the exhibited models.

 Fuji Heavy Industries exhibited the Subaru VIZIV 2 hybrid concept (Asian premiere).


Mitsubishi Motors Mitsubishi Motors
Mitsubishi Motors' technical exhibition: Cutaway model of the plug-in hybrid electric system and a panel showing the principle of electric, serial hybrid, and parallel hybrid drive modes


Subaru VIZIV 2 Subaru VIZIV 2
Subaru VIZIV 2 Subaru VIZIV 2
Subaru VIZIV 2

<Automotive Industry Portal MarkLines>