IAA Frankfurt Auto Show 2013 (2): European & Asian OEMs

PSA's new EMP2 platform model and Fiat 500 family of vehicles introduced




Peugeot booth:Peugeot 308 R shown in center
Peugeot booth: Peugeot 308 R shown in center

 The IAA 65 Frankfurt Auto Show 2013 was held at Messe Frankfurt from September 10 to 22. This is the second of the three-part MarkLines reports covering the highlights of the show. The report covers the new models and concepts of major automakers. European automakers introduced in this report are: PSA, Renault, Fiat, Jaguar/Land Rover, and Volvo Cars. As for the Asian OEMs, Hyundai and Changan Automobile are reported. Japanese and American companies will be reported in the third and last report.

Related Reports:
IAA Frankfurt Auto Show 2013 (1)
IAA Frankfurt Auto Show 2013 (3)


PSA: introduces Peugeot 308 and Citroen Grand C4 Picasso built on EMP2

 PSA will introduce EMP2 to its models starting in 2013. This will allow the company to share its components across different models and to reduce its production costs. Two models built on this EMP2, the new Peugeot 308 and Citroen Grand C4 Picasso, made their debuts at the Auto Show. PSA also exhibited a next-generation hybrid system called "the Hybrid Air" which combines an air-pressure-driven motor and an engine. The newly introduced concept model from Citroen, the Cactus, incorporates this system in  powertrain.


New Peugeot 308
New Peugeot 308: the first model which retained the same name after a remodeling
Peugeot 208 Hybrid FE
Peugeot 208 Hybrid FE


Peugeot unveils production model of C-segment 308

308  Peugeot unveiled the 308 in C-segment. The new model was downsized with a body which is 65mm shorter in length and 55mm lower in height from the current model. The model has shed a total of 140kg from its previous model. Its breakdown is as follows: The introduction of the new EMP2 reduced 70kg.  Lightweight doors and seat frames reduced 15kg and 14kg respectively. It is one of the models with lowest gas emissions with 82g/km (for a version with a 1.6-liter Hdi diesel engine). Its fuel economy is 3.1-liters/100km. The model will be released in 2014.
208 Hybrid FE  A 208-based concept car which was  co-developed with TOTAL S.A., a major French oil and gas company. Its hybrid system consists of a 1.2-liter, three-cylinder gasoline engine (with the maximum output of 50kW), a motor (with the maximum output of 30kW), and a lithium ion battery (with a capacity of 0.56kWh). By using a large amount of composite materials and carbon-fiber resins developed by TOTAL, the two companies succeeded in reducing the weight of the body by 20% (e.g., the white body now weighs 227kg; 68kg less than the 295kg of the original model).
Onyx  A hybrid supercar concept which is made from various new materials (unveiled at 2012 Paris Motor Show). Its wings and doors are made of single-sheet pure copper. Other components and chassis use carbon-fiber-reinforced plastics (CFRP). The vehicle uses PSA's hybrid system, the HYbrid4, which include a motor driving the front wheels and a 3.7-liter V8 diesel turbocharged engine driving the rear wheels. The maximum output of the system is 680hp.


Peugeot Onxy: hybrid diesel-powered super car


Citroen introduces Cactus concept representing next generation C line

CACTUS  Citroen uncovered its SUV-style concept representing the next-generation of the C line. The vehicle does not have B-pillars and rear-windows. The Hybrid Air system is equipped in its powertrain. The body measures 4,210mm in length which is between the sizes of the C3 and the C4. Its ground clearance is fairly high with 210mm. PSA will name  the C Line models starting with "C", such as C3 and the C4. By doing so, Cline models will be distinguished from the DS line and the Peugeot brand. This brand will be marketed under the concept of "Human, Simple, and Smart."
Grand C4 Picasso  A long body version of the small MPV C4 Picasso, launched in April 2013, measuring 160mm longer in length. It is a  three-row, seven-seater model. By introducing EMP2 modular platform for both the C4 Picasso and the Grand C4 Picasso, it has become possible to assemble these models on the same line.


Citroen Cactus
Citroen Cactus: a concept representing the next generation C line
Citroen Grand C4 Picasso
Seven-seater MPV Citroen Grand C4 Picasso
BLUEHDI 150 diesel engine
BLUEHDI 150 diesel engine powering the Grand C4 Picasso (EURO6 compliant)


PSA's new technologies: EMP2 modular platform and Hybrid Air

Efficient Modular Platform 2
 PSA will start using the EMP2 modular platform to its vehicles starting with the new Peugeot 308 and the Citroen C4 Picasso. This platform is for vehicles in C and D segments. It can be used for a variety of body types and powertrains. While the front-end of the platform is fixed, its wheelbase, rear-end, suspension type and height are adjustable.
 To improve fuel economy, PSA reduced weight of a vehicle by 70 to 80kg of weight. For example, the new Peugeot 308 lost 27kg by reducing the weight of the materials including high-strength steel and aluminum. Additional 10kg were reduced by improving production processes such as the use of laser welding, hot stamping, and hydro-forming. The company further reduced the weight of the model by 33kg by reviewing component designs. In total, PSA succeeded in achieving a total weight reduction of 70kg.
Hybrid Air  PSA's hybrid engine system uses a hydraulic motor and compressed air storage. It saves fuel consumption up to 45% in city area, offering a maximum of a 90% increase in cruising range compared with that of conventional engines. The Citroen C3 and Peugeot 2008 concepts have the fuel ecomony of  2.9-liter/100km on  the combined European  cycle mode.


PSA's EMP2 modular system platforms
Peugeot 2008 Hybrid Air
Engine room of the Peugeot 2008 Hybrid Air



Renault: uncovers MPV concept, Initiale Paris

 Renault unveiled a next-generation MPV design concept, the Initiale Paris, to indicate is future design directions. It displayed five other concept models including the ones already premiered. The company also displayed a major remodeled version of the best-selling SUV model, the Duster, under the Dacia brand.

Renault introduces MPV concept, Initiale Paris

Initiale Paris  A concept model representing the future design directions of the next-generation MPV, Espace. The Espace has not been remodeled since 2003. The 4.85m-long body has a style which combines a sedan, SUV, and mini-van. The name Initiale Paris will be used as a version name to represent its high-end models.


MPV concept, Initiale Paris
MPV concept, Initiale Paris
Interior of the Initiale Paris
Interior of the Initiale Paris


Other concepts displayed at the Renault booth

DEZIR (2010): runs on a replaceable battery EV system
Twin'Run (2013): a V6 racing car with a mid-engine layout
R-SPACE (2011): An MPV concept with a 0.9-liter,
three-cylinder gasoline engine(uses the same engine powering the Captur launched in 2013)
FRENDZY (2011): A light commercial EV concept
CAPTUR (2011) An SUV concept which was launched with the same name in 2013


Dacia: Significantly redesigns its best-selling model, theDuster

Duster  The only growing brand under the Renault group, Dacia, significantly redesigned its best-selling model, the Duster. The model was uncovered at the Auto Show. Changes were made to interior/exterior designs as well as equipment including a standard ESC equipment. The model is powered by a new 1.2-liter, four-cylinder direct injection turbocharged gasoline engine. The fuel economy is  6-liters/100km, which achieved an approximately 10% improvement from the previous model. The price will not change and will start at EUR 10,490 (in Germany).


Significantly redesigned Duster



Fiat: highlights 500 family models

 Taking full advantage of the small car 500 brands, Fiat now places the 500 family as one of its brand and plans to introduce derivative models under this brand. Fiat displayed and highlighted the 500 family models: the four-door five-seater 500L, the seven-seater 500L Living, Trekking 500L SUV and the 500e EV. Alfa Romeo presented the chassis of a light-weight sports car, the C4.


Fiat 500 family

500L Living  A 500 series MPV measuring 4,352mm in length. A three-row option is available. The drivers can select the engine from a 0.9-liter two-cylinder gasoline engine or a1.3-liter/1.6-liter turbocharged diesel engines. The model was launched in July 2013.
500L Trekking  With an appearance similar to SUV, this 500L model has the ground clearance raised by 10% to 145mm. Its Electrical Control Unit (ECU) has a special controlling program for a better off-road driving experience.
500L  A four-door version of the 500 series released in 2012. It is a five-seater measuring 4,147mm in length, which is 600mm longer than the 500.
500e  An electric vehicle (EV) version of the 500 which has been sold in California since April 2013. It has a motor with a maximum output of 83 kW, and converted fuel consumption performance of 108MPGe (EPA). Its cruising range is 140km.


Fiat 500L Living
Fiat 500L Living: its rear body is longer than the 500L
Fiat 500L Trekking
The ground clearance of the Fiat 500L Trekking
is higher than the 500L
Fiat 500L
Rear of the Fiat 500L
Fiat 500e
Fiat 500e


Alfa Romeo

4C  A two-seater compact sports car. The body only weighs 895kg thanks to lightweight materials such as carbon fibers and aluminum used on its platform. Its powertrain is equipped with a 1.75-liter four-cylinder turbocharged engine with a maximum output of 175kW and a six-speed dual-clutch transmission (DCT). Production will be limited to 3,500 units annually. The model will be sold in Europe starting in October 2013 and in North America during the second quarter in 2014.


Alfa Romeo 4C
Alfa Romeo 4C
C4 platform
C4 platform



Jaguar/Land Rover: unveils Jaguar SUV concept and Range Rover HV


C-X17  Jaguar announced its first crossover concept. It is a design study model with next generation aluminum module architecture. The body of this all-wheel drive vehicle measures 4,718mm in length and 213mm in ground clearance.
 As the first model built on this new architecture, sedans in C and D segments are scheduled to be released in 2015. The models will be powered by a new four-cylinder gasoline or diesel engine. It will have a CO2 emission level of 100g/km or less. The model will be sold at a more affordable price.


Land Rover

Range Rover Hybrid  The first diesel hybrid from Land Rover. It is equipped with a 3-liter V6 diesel engine, ZF's eight-speed AT, and a 35kW motor. The fuel economy is 6.4-liters/100km in combined European cycle mode. The system has the maximum output power of 250kW and maximum torque of 700Nm. The 1.76kWh Li-ion battery can be stored under the floor. This model will be sold from the second quarter of 2014 in Europe.


Jaguar crossover concept: C-X17
Range Rover Hybrid
Range Rover Hybrid
Range Rover Hybrid
Cutaway model of Range Rover Hybrid



Volvo: premiers PHV concept of two-door coupe


Volvo Concept Coupe  A two-door plug-in hybrid vehicle (PHV) concept coupe, the Volvo Concept Coupe, was uncovered at the show. This is the first concept of three models based on Volvo's new strategy "Scalable Product Architecture" to showcase its future design language. The model represents the design of the XC90 to be released in 2014. Volvo considers it critical to add classy appearance to its models. The company aims to achieve annual sales of 800,000 units.
 It has a 2-liter four-cylinder gasoline engine called the Drive-E equipped with a turbocharger and a supercharger. The rear axle is powered by a motor. In total, the system will have a maximum output of 400hp with maximum torque of over 600Nm.


Volvo Concept Coupe
Volvo Concept Coupe on the top of the background of this photo, the P1800 is displayed(a sports car produced between 1960-1974).The concept coupe was designed using the P1800 as a reference.



Hyundai group: uncovers Hyundai's new i10 and Kia's crossover concept

 The Hyundai group displayed Hyundai and Kia brand models. Hyundai brand uncovered the new i10 in A segment, as well as a fuel cell electric vehicle (FCV), the ix35 Fuel Cell. The Kia brand unveiled a crossover HV concept, the Niro, and a European version of the  Soul SUV both in B segment.

New model of the Hyundai brand i10
New model of the Hyundai brand i10
ix35 Fuel Cell
ix35 Fuel Cell


Hyundai Motor

i10  The i10,a new model in A segment was unveiled. The model was developed for the European market at its development center in Europe. The body is 80mm longer and 65mm wider but the height is 40mm lower than the previous model. It is equipped with a 1-liter, three-cylinder engine. Production for the European market will be transferred from India to Turkey (production begins on September 26, 2013). The automaker aims to sell 74,000 units in Europe in 2014, and acquire a 6.3% market share of the A-segment in Europe (65,000 vehicles were sold in 2012).
ix35 Fuel Cell Hyundai's third FCV whose limited production has started since February 2013. The automaker will manufacture about 1,000 units of this model by 2015, which will be leased to fleet users.
 The motor has a maximum output of 100kW with two hydrogen tanks (total capacity of 5.64kg). Its cruising range is 594km.


Kia Motors

Niro  A crossover HV concept model in B segment. Developed by the design team in Europe, the vehicle has two gull-wing doors. It measures 4,185mm in length, 1,850mm in width, and 1,558mm in height. The front wheels are powered by a 1.6-liter turbocharged gasoline engine (maximum output of 160ps) through a seven-speed DCT and the rear-wheels are driven by a motor (maximum output of 45ps).
Soul  The new Soul SUV made its world premiere in B-segment in Europe. The platform used for this model was developed based on the cee'd five-door hatchback. It has a stronger body, better maneuverability, and improved comfort. It will be released in 2014. The Slightly larger body measures 20mm longer and 15mm wider than its predecessor. Available with a 1.6-liter four-cylinder gasoline or a turbocharged diesel engine.


Niro: A  crossover HV concept model in B segment
New  Soul SUV in B segment



Changan Automobile: introduces CS75 SUV

Changan Automobile has been the only Chinese manufacturer at the Show since 2011. This year, the automaker prepared a larger booth mainly displaying its new SUVs.

CS75  A med-size SUV. The second SUV model to be released from Changan Automobile made a world debut at the show. This model will be released in China during the first quarter of 2014. It features a 1.8-liter turbocharged gasoline engine (maximum output of 130kW) and a six-speed AT.
CS95  An HV concept of a large-size SUV which was unveiled at the Auto Shanghai 2013.
CS35  This is the automaker's first compact SUV which was released in 2012. This is the production model of the S101 concept uncovered at the 2011 Frankfurt Auto Show.
RAETON  A large-size sedan which was released in April 2013. The body measures 4,900mm in length. The model is equipped with a2-liter naturally aspirated engine or a 1.8-liter turbocharged gasoline engine combined with a six-speed AT. It is compliant with the EURO5 regulations.


Mid-size SUV CS75
Mid-size SUV CS75
Large-size SUV HV concept: CS95
Compact SUV: CS35
Large-size sedan: REATON

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