Sales in China rose 4.3% to 19.31 million units in 2012
Anti-Japan protests affect Japanese brands; Chinese models lead sales in three vehicle types
The 2012 Chinese auto sales (factory shipment basis: including export, excluding import) remained at 19.31 million units, up 4.3% year-on-year. Although sales of passenger cars grew by 7.1%, those of commercial vehicles were sluggish, down by 5.5%. Compared to the double-digit growth of sales in 2009 and 2010, the 2011 growth rate was also only 2.5%; the market growth has been slowing substantially for the last two years.
Concerning each OEM's vehicle sales by group, SAIC Motor Corporation (SAIC) and BAIC Group (BAIC), and emerging OEMs such as Great Wall Motor and Geely Holding Group (Geely) boosted sales supported by strong exports. The sales share of the top 11 OEMs amounted to about 90% of the entire vehicle sales in China.
As for passenger car sales by brand, Japanese brands, which lost only 0.1 points year-on-year in 2011, lost 2.7 points year-on-year to the share of 16.9%, due partly to anti-Japan demonstrations in August 2012 that were set off by the territorial issue. In the meantime, the market share of other foreign brands, particularly European and the US brands represented by VW and GM grew significantly by 2.1 points year-on-year to 21.7%.
Regarding sales by engine displacement, sales of models with a displacement over 1-lter up to 2.0-liter increased substantially. The market share of MT models has continued to shrink. Concerning sales by vehicle type, Chinese models ranked first in the three vehicle types - minivan, MPV, and SUV.
Regarding import/export of vehicles, exports surpassed the one million-mark for the first time. Emerging OEMs including Chery, Geely, and Lifan Industry (Lifan) contributed substantially to the increased exports. Imports also surpassed 1 million units, up 9.0%, or 93,000 units, year-on-year to more than 1.13 million units as they did in the previous year.
Japanese vehicle sales targets in China revised downward for 2012 (Dec. 2012)
Chinese auto sales estimated to increase to 20.5 million units in 2012 (Mar. 2012)
2012 new vehicle sales: total 19.31 million units, falling short of the CAAM's original forecast of 20 million units
The 2012 Chinese auto sales grew by 4.3% year-on-year to 19.31 million units. The growth rate continued to remain at one-digit level as it did in 2011 (up 2.5% year-on-year to 18.51 million units). Compared with the double-digit growth in 2009 (up 46% year-on-year) and 2010 (up 32%), the growth rate was significantly slowed down.
Concerning type of vehicle, sales of SUVs increased by 25.5%, and those of sedans and hatchbacks has a combined growth of 6.1%, which contributed to the 7.1% growth of all passenger car sales. On the other hand, sales of large-sized buses including chassis (down 33.3% year-on-year), semi-trailers (down 26.0%), and heavy-duty trucks (down 28.5%) fell substantially, which is a factor for the decline of all vehicle sales.
In March 2009, the Chinese government began aiming for an increase in the market share of heavy-duty trucks to more than 25% by 2011 as part of a structural improvement program for the demand of vehicles, but the target has not been achieved. The 2012 market share of heavy-duty trucks is slightly less than 13.5% and, even when combined with that of semi-trailers, it is only 19.3%.
The 2012 actual export volume of vehicles made in China, which are included in new vehicle sales in the statistics by the CAAM (China Association of Automobile Manufacturers), was up 29.70% year-on-year to 1,056,100 units. Although the growth rate declined slightly from the 2011 year-on-year growth rate of 49.4%, the double-digit growth was maintained and contributed substantially to the positive growth of all sales in 2012.
The inventory of vehicles was 757,300 units at the end of December 2012, which declined slightly by 20,200 units in November (777,500 units). The inventory included 585,100 passenger cars (600,200 units at the end of November) and 172,100 commercial vehicles (177,300 units at the end of November). (Note: data announced by CAAM)
In addition, the 2012 sales of new-energy vehicles such as PHVs/EVs that are included in the above figures were 12,791 units, which included 11,375 EVs (5,579 in 2011. up 103.9% year-on-year) and 1,416 PHVs. The 2012 production volume of them was 12,552 units, which included 11,241 EVs (5,655 units in 2011. up 98.8% year-on-year) and 1,311 PHVs. When looking at the share of production by vehicle type, the share of sedans and hatchbacks was a combined 79%, buses 13%, and others 8%. (preliminary figures by the CAAM on January 11, 2013)
The 2012 sales and production volume of non-plug-in HVs, which are classified as eco cars in Japan, but are defined as "energy-efficient vehicles", has yet to be announced. The 2011 sales and production volume of hybrid vehicles including PHVs and non-plug-in HVs was 2,580 and 2,713 units, respectively. The CAAM announced that the 2011 sales and production volume of eco cars further including EVs was 8,159 and 8,368 units, respectively.
In the meantime, the 2012 production volume of vehicles in China totaled 19.27 million units including chassis, up 4.6% year-on-year, which includes 15.524 million passenger cars (up 7.2% year-on-year) and 3.748 million commercial vehicles (down 4.7%).
Chinese auto sales by vehicle type (including exports)
|Auto sales||(Included)||Production in China|
|(Note 1)||Export volume|
|Volume||Increase/ decrease rate (year-on-year)||Volume|
|Passenger car total||14,472,416||15,495,240||5.2%||7.1%||476,072||661,204||38.9%||14,485,326||15,523,658|
|Bus total Chassis (included)||487,862 84,478||507,403 81,808||10.1% -2.8%||4.0% -3.2%||44,723 773||54,927 721||22.8% -6.7%||482,578 84,231||506,420 80,632|
|Truck total Chassis (included)||3,544,836 585,304||3,303,792 459,755||-8.2% -13.3%||-6.8% -21.5%||293,493 10,875||339,960 17,581||15.8% 61.7%||3,450,972 552,926||3,241,730 439,620|
|Grand total (Note 4) CKD (included)||18,505,114 325,058||19,306,435 290,933||2.5% 1.1%||4.3% -10.5%||814,288 0||1,056,091 41||29.7% -||18,418,876 325,673||19,271,808 289,478|
|Note 1.||Auto sales do not include imports but exports.|
|2.||2/3 box is total of sedans and hatchback.|
|3.||Minivan means a minivan style passenger car of which the overall length is 3.5 meters or shorter, and of which the displacement is 1.0-liters or smaller. Slightly larger models with a displacement over 1.0-liter (1.1- to 1.3-liter) have been launched in recent years.|
Sales by group: SAIC/ BAIC/ Brilliance/ Great Wall Motor register double-digit growth and the combined market share of the top 11 OEMs amounts to about 90%
Under the Chinese Automobile Industry Readjustment and Revitalization Plan (2009-2011) that the Chinese government announced in March 2009, in the restructuring of the automotive industry (corporations) by 2011, the government aimed to reorganize OEM groups (manufacturers) with annual production/sales volume of more than 2 million units into two to three groups, and groups with annual production/sales volume of more than 1 million units into four to five groups, while it aimed to increase the market concentration rate (the total market share) of the top 10 OEMs in terms of production and sales to more than 90%.
Against the current status where it still has not completely achieved the above target in 2012, the Chinese government announced a revised target in January 2013, in which the deadline for the market concentration rate of the top 10 OEMs being increased to more than 90% will be postponed until 2015 and the policy for the reorganization for the improvement of the automotive industry will be firmly maintained in order to promote the organization of three to five large vehicle manufacturer groups with core competence.
When we look at the 2012 vehicle sales in China by OEM groups, three groups - SAIC (actual sales: 4.46 million units), Dongfeng Motor Corp. (3.079 million units), and FAW Group (2.649 million units) - sold more than 2 million units a year, while one OEM (Changan Automobile Group, which sold more than 2 million in 2011) failed to sell more than 2 million units in 2012. The number of OEM groups that produced and sold more than 1 million units per year (less than 2 million units) increased by one to two - Changan Automobile Group (1.956 million units) and BAIC Group (1.69 million units).
In the 2012 sales ranking of OEM groups, the top 6 groups remained the same as in the previous year. The top OEM, SAIC, boosted sales volume by 12.5% year-on-year, or about 500,000 units, to 4.461 million units and also substantially increased its market share by 1.7% points to 23.1%. Dongfeng Motor Corp. (up 0.7% in sales volume, down 0.6 points year-on-year to a 16.0% share of the market), ranked second, and FAW Group (up 1.6%, down 0.4 points year-on-year to 13.7% share of the market) ranked third, each slightly increased sales volume, but lost their market share.
As it did in 2011, Changan Automobile Group, ranked fourth, registered a negative growth: its sales volume declined by 2.6% year-on-year to 1.956 million units, dropping out of the 2-million-unit groups, and also lost its market share by 0.7 points to 10.1%. In the meantime, BAIC Group, ranked fifth, registered a double-digit year-on-year growth of 10.8% in sales volume and also increased its market share by 0.5 points to 8.8%. Sales volume of Guangzhou Automobile Group (GAC Group), ranked sixth, declined by 3.8% and its market share fell from 4.0% to 3.7%.
Brilliance Auto Group climbed in rank from eighth in 2011 to seventh, overtaking Chery Automobile. Great Wall Motor boosted sales by 28.3% year-on-year, taking great strides from tenth in 2011 to eighth. On the other hand, Chery Automobile fell from seventh in 2011 to ninth and JAC (Jianghuai Automobile Group) was down from ninth to eleventh. BYD Auto (BYD), which registered a double-digit negative growth in 2011, posted a low growth of 1.7%; although it registered positive growth, it fell one rank from eleventh to twelfth.
Geely Holding Group (up 13.6% year-on-year), Lifan Industry (up 33.7%), Young Man Automobile Group (up 26.6%), and Hawtai Automobile Group (up 77.2%) each posted a double-digit high growth in their 2012 sales volume, whereas Chery (down 12.2%), China National Heavy Duty Truck Group (down 13.4%), Shaaxi Automobile Group (down 20.3%), and Haima Automobile (excluding FAW Haima, down 37.2%) each registered a double-digit negative growth, thus losing sales substantially.
When we look at the market concentration rate of the top groups, the top 10 OEM groups in China increased their market share of the 2012 vehicle sales (excluding imported vehicles, including imports) by 0.7 points year-on-year to 87.4%. In the meantime, the market share of the top 11 OEM groups increased their share slightly by 0.6 points year-on-year to 89.9%, amounting to about 90%. The Chinese government still has not achieved the restructuring target of the automotive industry (corporations) that it has been pressing ahead with since March 2009.
OEM groups in China: Actual sales volume of new vehicles in 2011-2012 (factory shipment basis)
|OEM groups||New vehicle sales (passenger car + commercial vehicle)|
|2011||2012 *Note1||Year-on-year increase/decrease of volume|
|Volume (unit)||Market share (%)||Volume (unit)||Market share (%)||2011||2012|
|SAIC Motor Corp.||3,966,003||21.43%||4,461,393||23.11%||11.5%||12.5%|
|Dongfeng Motor Corp.||3,058,587||16.53%||3,078,494||15.95%||12.2%||0.7%|
|Changan Automobile Group||2,008,540||10.85%||1,956,391||10.13%||-15.6%||-2.6%|
|BAIC Group (Beijing Automotive Group)||1,526,336||8.25%||1,691,117||8.76%||2.4%||10.8%|
|GAC Group (Guangzhou Automobile Group)||740,391||4.00%||712,164||3.69%||-9.3%||-3.8%|
|Brilliance Auto Group (Brilliance)||566,799||3.06%||637,979||3.30%||13.1%||12.6%|
|Great Wall Motor||486,811||2.63%||624,602||3.24%||22.5%||28.3%|
|Geely Holding Group (Geely)||432,752||2.34%||491,444||2.55%||4.0%||13.6%|
|JAC (Jianghuai Automobile Group)||494,822||2.67%||486,760||2.52%||7.9%||-1.6%|
|Lifan Industry (Group)||202,144||1.09%||270,303||1.40%||61.9%||33.7%|
|China National Heavy Duty Truck Group||159,112||0.86%||137,802||0.71%||-27.3%||-13.4%|
|Others *Note 3||838,751||4.53%||774,814||4.01%||-||-|
|Note 1.||OEMs in descending order of 2012 sales volume.|
|Note 2.||Auto sales do not include imports but exports. Commercial vehicle includes chassis.|
|Note 3.||"Others" is the total by OEMs that sold less than 95,000 units in 2012 including Shaaxi Automobile Group.|
Passenger car sales by brand: European brands including VW take the lead for two consecutive years, while Japanese brands suffer major setbacks
When we look at the sales volume of passenger cars in 2012 by origin of brand, among foreign brands (including original brands of foreign joint ventures), European brands (3.36 million units/2.84 million units in 2011), ranked first, surpassing Japanese brands (2.63 million units/2.83 million units) for two consecutive years.
During the two years from 2011 to 2012, Japanese brands fell from a positive year-on-year growth of 5.8% in 2011 to a negative year-on-year growth of 7.3% in 2012 due partly to a territorial issue between Japan and China, whereas other foreign brands such as European, US, and Korean brands registered double-digit growth.
On the other hand, sales of Chinese brands (including some foreign models such as Daihatsu Xenia, which are marketed under Chinese brand) improved from a 3.7% year-on-year decline in 2011 to a 3.7% increase in 2012.
Concerning market share, most foreign brands except Japanese brands increased their share of the passenger car market in China. Japanese brands boosted their market share slightly by 0.1 points in 2011, but lost their share by 2.7 points from 19.6% in 2011 to 16.9%. On the other hand, compared to the previous year, European brands increased their market share by 2.1 points to 21.7% in 2012, US brands by 1.2 points to 12.2%, and Korean brands by 0.5 point to 8.6%.
Among foreign OEMs, the market share of Japanese OEMs excluding Isuzu, and Volvo (Volvo Car), Chrysler, and Citroen shrank, while European, US, Korean major OEMs centered on VW group, GM, Ford, and Hyundai substantially increased their market share.
The total market share of Chinese brands has gradually been decreasing from 45.5% in 2010, to 41.6% in 2011, further to 40.3% in 2012. On the other hand, when we look at each OEM, SAIC Motor Corp., China's largest OEM (8.9% in 2011 and 9.1% in 2012), Geely Holding Group (3.0% and 3.2%), Great Wall Motor (2.5% and 3.1%), Dongfeng Motor Carp. (2.7% and 2.8%), Lifan Industry (0.8% and 1.2%), and BAIC Group (0.2% and 0.5%) slightly increased their share.
Since March 2009, the Chinese government has been pressing ahead with the expansion of the market share of Chinese vehicles (own brand), targeting more than a 40% share of the passenger car market in China (more than 30% for sedans and hatchbacks).
Sales volume of passenger cars (sedan and hatchback/MPV/SUV/minivan) by brand of each OEM and by origin of brand
⇒ (To be continued) ⇒
(Note) Own brand models (including Nissan's Venucia/Honda's Ciimo/GM's Baojun) of joint ventures in China by foreign OEMs are included in the models of each foreign OEM. Foreign models such as FAW Jilin Automobile's Xenia (based on the Daihatsu Xenia), which are marketed under Chinese brands, are included in the Chinese models.
Top rankings by model in passenger car sales
In the 2012 rankings in sales of sedans and hatchbacks (2/3box), Shanghai GM's sedan, Excelle, continued to hold the first place at 277,000 units for two consecutive years (253,000 units in 2011). The New Sail 2/3box, which was developed exclusively for China, jumped up from seventh place (177,000 units) in 2011 to second place (262,000 units). FAW-VW Jetta (243,000 units) was ranked third, Shanghai GM's Cruze ranked fourth, and FAW-VW Bora ranked fifth. Among the top 10 sedans and hatchbacks, models of Toyota, Honda, and BYD were ranked in 2011, but in 2012, models of GM, VW, and Hyundai dominated the ranking.
Concerning MPVs, the top 4 models are dominated by Chinese brands except for the second place. Among them, Dongfeng Liuzhou Motor's Future/Lingzhi took over the lead (73,000 units) from the seventh place (28,000 units) in 2011, while Dongfeng Liuzhou Motor's Jingyi, which was ranked first in 2011, fell to third place (64,000 units) and JAC's Refine dropped from third place (58,000 units) to fourth place (54,000 units). Shanghai GM's New/Former Buick GL8, which was ranked second (67,000 units) in 2011, maintained the second place though its sales declined by 2,911 units year-on-year.
Among SUVs, Dongfeng Honda's CR-V had kept the first position, but fell to third place. Great Wall Motor's Hover H and Shanghai VW's Tiguan each climbed one rank from second and third in 2011, respectively.
Regarding minivans, the top 3 models (series) remained the same; SAIC-GM-Wuling' Wuling was ranked first at 1.212 million units, Changan Automobile Group's Changan was ranked second at 520,000 units, and Dongfeng Yu'an's Dongfeng Xiaokang was ranked third at 203,000 units. The Jiabao of Hafei Motor, which is under the umbrella of Changan Automobile Group, was ranked among the top 10s. BAIC Group's Weiwang 306 (based on Daihatsu's Gran Max Van (2007MY)), which was ranked tenth in 2011, climbed to fifth.
Top 10 models in passenger car sales in China (by vehicle type)
▽Sedan and Hatchback
|Model||OEM||Sales volume||Model||OEM||Sales volume||(Reference) 2011 sales volume|
|1||Excelle||Shanghai GM||253,516||Excelle||Shanghai GM||277,071||253,516|
|2||Lavida||Shanghai VW||247,475||New Sail||262,035||176,721|
|5||New Bora||207,041||New Bora||FAW-VW||222,735||207,041|
|6||Elantra Yuedong||Beijing Hyundai||190,995||Elantra Yuedong||Beijing Hyundai||214,753||190,995|
|7||New Sail||Shanghai GM||176､721||New Passat||Shanghai VW||210,567||97,797|
|8||New Corolla||Tianjin FAW Toyota||170,117||Verna||Beijing Hyundai||204,963||138,525|
|Model||OEM||Sales volume||Model||OEM||Sales volume||(Reference) 2011 sales volume|
|1||Jingyi||Dongfeng Liuzhou||73,077||Future/Lingzhi||Dongfeng Liuzhou||72,723||27,601|
|2||New/Former Buick GL8||Shanghai GM||66,912||New/Former Buick GL8||Shanghai GM||64,001||66,912|
|5||Touran||Shanghai VW||31,241||Xenia||FAW Jilin||41,270||41,090|
|6||Odyssey||Guangqi Honda||30,404||Touran||Shanghai VW||36,044||31,241|
|7||Future/Lingzhi||Dongfeng Liuzhou||27,601||Succe||Zhengzhou Nissan||25,157||24,148|
|8||Succe||Zhengzhou Nissan||24,148||Odyssey||Guangqi Honda||20,900||30,404|
|9||Freema||FAW Haima||22,986||Freema||FAW Haima||20,653||22,986|
|10||Grace||Brilliance Jinbei||18,269||E'Z||Guangqi Toyota||17,286||16,738|
|Model||OEM||Sales volume||Model||OEM||Sales volume||(Reference) 2011 sales volume|
|1||CR-V||Dongfeng Honda||160,003||Hover H||Great Wall Motor||221,549||143,816|
|2||Hover H||Great Wall Motor||143,816||Tiguan||Shanghai VW||173,062||129,172|
|3||Tiguan||Shanghai VW||129,172||CR-V||Dongfeng Honda||169,036||160,003|
|4||Qashqai||Dongfeng Nissan||111,304||ix35||Beijing Hyundai||108,241||103,023|
|5||ix35||Beijing Hyundai||103,023||Qashqai||Dongfeng Nissan||105,143||111,304|
|6||RAV4||FAW Toyota||100,218||Tiigo||Chery Automobile||104,013||99,338|
|7||Tiigo||Chery Automobile||99,338||RAV4||FAW Toyota||98,179||100,218|
|8||Highlander||Guangqi Toyota||94,635||Audi Q5||FAW-VW||90,157||58,632|
|Model (Series)||OEM||Sales volume||Model (Series)||OEM||Sales volume||(Reference) 2011 sales volume|
|2||Changan||Changan Automobile Group||509,895||Changan||Changan Automobile Group||519,835||509,895|
|3||Dongfeng Xiaokang||Dongfeng Yu'an||243,053||Dongfeng Xiaokang||Dongfeng Yu'an||202,991||243,053|
|4||Hafei||Hafei Motor||71,891||Jiabao||FAW Jilin||49,672||62,555|
|5||Jiabao||FAW Jilin||62,555||Weiwang 306||BAIC Group||46,368||10,016|
|6||Haixing||Brilliance Jinbei||45,013||Haixing||Brilliance Jinbei||43,019||45,013|
|7||Changhe||Changhe Automobile||39022||Hafei||Hafei Motor||37,268||71,891|
|8||Riich||Chery Automobile||33,579||Fushida||Haima Automobile||35,099||56,487|
|9||Lifan Fengshun||Lifan Industry||23,526||Changhe||Changhe Automobile||26,561||34,066|
|10||Weiwang 306||BAIC Group||10,016||Riich||Chery Automobile||19,729||33,579|
Passenger car (PC) sales by engine displacement and transmission type
Regarding the 2012 passenger car (PC) sales by engine displacement, cars with displacement over 1.0-liter up to 1.6-liter accounted for more than half at 57.6%, up 2.5 points year-on-year. Those with displacements over 1.6-liter up to 2.0-liter increased their share by 1 point. On the other hand, the share of other models declined or leveled off and, in particular, the share of small passenger cars with displacements up to 1-liter, for which the government's incentives were terminated, fell substantially from 12.9% in 2011 to 9.6%.
In March 2009, the Chinese government set a target to increase the share of passenger cars with displacements up to 1.5-liter to more than 40% (among them, those with displacements up to 1.0-liter accounts for more than 15%) by 2011.
As for the market share by transmission type for passenger car sales, MT models lost their share, while AT models continued to increase their share (28.5% in 2009 → 33.0% in 2012). Automatization and upscaling of transmissions continue.
Passenger car: market share by displacement and transmission type
|Market share of passenger cars|
▽Sales by engine displacement
|1-liter or less||12.3%||14.6%||12.9%||9.6%|
|Over 1-liter up to 1.6-liter||57.3%||54.2%||55.1%||57.6%|
|Over 1.6-liter up to 2.0-liter||19.4%||20.8%||22.5%||23.5%|
|Over 2.0-liter up to 2.5-liter||9.4%||8.7%||7.8%||7.7%|
|Over 2.5-liter up to 3.0-liter||1.4%||1.5%||1.4%||1.4%|
|Over 3.0-liter up to 4.0-liter||0.2%||0.2%||0.3%||0.2%|
▽Sales by transmission
Import/Export of vehicles: Export surpasses 1 million-mark for the first time, while import registers double-digit growth
In 2012, China exported 1.056 million vehicles (data by the CAAM), up 29.7% year-on-year, surpassing the 1 million-mark for the first time. Among them, passenger cars accounted for 661,000 units (up 38.9%) and commercial vehicles 395,000 units (up 16.8%). Regarding the type of vehicle, sedans and hatchbacks accounted for 479,000 units (up 44.4%); SUVs and minivans accounted for 33,000 units (up 34.7%) and 12,000 units (up 34.9%), respectively.
Concerning the type of vehicle, exports of sedans and hatchbacks, buses, and trucks totaled 942,300 units, which accounted for 92.8% in the entire vehicle export.
The breakdown is as follows; 1. Among all vehicle types, sedans and hatchbacks were sold the most at 495,500 units (up 33.2%). Among them, those with displacements up to 1.5-liter accounted for 328,700 units (up 23.4%), those with displacements over 1.5-liter up to 2-liter 161,400 units (up 57.9%), and those with displacements over 2-liter 5,300 units (5,329 units, up 50.2%) 2. Buses accounted for 125,700 units (up 22.1% year-on-year). Among them, small buses (up to 9 seats) were sold most at 71,200 units (up 17.7%), midsized buses (10 to 29 seats) 37,300 units (up 37.1%), and large-sized buses (up to 30 seats) 17,200 units (up 12.9%) 3. Trucks accounted for 321,100 units (up 10.2%). Among them, gasoline trucks were sold at 141,200 units (up 6.4%, slowdown). Diesel trucks with a gross vehicle weight (GVW) of 20 tons or over sold 44,600 units (up 25.1%) and those with GVW less than 5 tons sold 84,400 units (up 21.0%).
In the 2012 top 10 ranking destinations of vehicle exports, Algeria was ranked first at 149,800 units, followed by Iraq (90,100 units), Russia (89,700 units), Iran (77,800 units), Chile (62,700 units), Peru (37,200 units), Egypt (34,600 units), Venezuela (32,800 units), Columbia (31,300 units), and Ukraine (30,600 units). The total export volume to the top 10 countries was 636,600 units, which accounted for about 60% (60.3%) of all vehicle exports.
Annual/Monthly export volume of vehicles (total of passenger cars and commercial vehicles)
In contrast, in 2012, China imported 1.132 million vehicles, up 93,000 units, or 9.0% year-on-year. The growth rate declined substantially compared to 27.7% in 2011.
In the top 10 ranking origins of imports, Germany is ranked first with an import volume of 329,000 units, followed by Japan with 233,000 units, the US with 168,700 units, Korea with 95,500 units, the UK with 87,800 units, Slovakia with 45,600 units, Mexico with 41,900 units, Belgium with 35,300 units, France with 24,000 units, and Portugal with 23,300 units. Among them, Korea registered the highest year-on-year decline, followed by Japan. This shows the seriousness of the negative influence caused by the territorial issue between Japan and China, which intensified in 2012.
Additionally, the 2012 rankings of each OEM's passenger car exports recorded Chery Automobile as first at 182,000 units, accounting for 27.5% in all exports by Chinese OEMs, which is followed by Geely Holding Group (exports: 101,000 units, share: 15.2%), Lifan Industry (86,000 units, 13.0%), and SAIC Motor Corp. (84,000 units, 12.8%).
Compared to the previous year, JAC's exports declined significantly from 48,700 units to 28,800 units, while exports by Chery (up 26,600 units year-on-year), Geely Holding Group (up 62,800 units), and Lifan Industry (up 43,000 units) increased remarkably.
Export destinations are concentrated on emerging countries in Latin America, Asia, and Africa.
In March 2009, the Chinese government announced its target to expand the Chinese-brand vehicle (own brand) business and to export about 10% of their production/sales abroad (the current progress is not made public).
Change of export volume of passenger cars by OEM (2009-2012)
⇒ To be continued ⇒
Note: OEMs (Groups) in descending order of 2012 exports volume of passenger cars.
(Reference １) Consumer auto fleet has continued to slow down since 2009, but registers year-on-year double-digit growth
Consumer auto fleet from 2005 to 2011
|End of 2005||End of 2006||End of 2007||End of 2008||End of 2009||End of 2010||End of 2011|
|* Consumer auto fleet (A)||3,160||3,697||4,358||5,100||6,281||7,802||9,356|
|* Increase from the previous year||466||537||661||742||1,181||1,521||1,554|
|* Growth rate y/y (%)||17.3||16.99||17.88||17.01||23.16||19.3||19.9|
|Passenger car & bus fleet||2,133||2,620||3,196||3,839||4,845||6,124||7,478|
|* Private auto fleet (B)||1,848||2,333||2,876||3,501||4,575||5,939||7,327|
|* Increase from the previous year||351||485||543||625||1,074||1,364||1,388|
|* Growth rate y/y (%)||24.97||26.24||23.27||21.74||30.68||25.3||23.4|
|Passenger car & bus fleet||1,384||1,824||2,317||2,881||3,808||4,990||6,238|
|* Ratio of private auto fleet (%, = B/A)||58.5||63.1||66.0||68.7||72.8||76.2||78.3|
|(Note) 1.||The consumer auto fleet does not include low-speed trucks and three-wheelers.|
|2.||Passenger car & bus is a total of passenger cars and buses.|
(Appendix) Total length of public roads/expressways and number of passengers in public road traffic from 2005 to 2011 Year-end
|End of 2005||End of 2006||End of 2007||End of 2008||End of 2009||End of 2010||End of 2011|
|* Total length of public roads (1,000km)||3,345.20||3,457.00||3,583.70||3,730.20||3,860.80||4,008.20||4,106.40|
|Total length of expressways (1,000km)||41||45.3||53.9||60.3||65.1||74.1||84.9|
|* Number of passengers in public road traffic (One million)||16,974||18,605||20,507||26,821||27,791||30,527||32,862|
(Reference 2) Passenger car (sedan and hatchback/MPV/SUV/minivan) sales volume by OEM and by model
(Note) In 2011-2012, some OEMs such as Jiangling Jingma Automobile (former Jiangxi Fire Truck), Chengdu Xindadi, Fuzhou Dornier Camping Vehicle, and Polarsun Automobile did not sell any passenger cars.
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