Sales in China rose 4.3% to 19.31 million units in 2012

Anti-Japan protests affect Japanese brands; Chinese models lead sales in three vehicle types

2013/03/07

Summary

Annual change of sales volume by vehicle type in China The 2012 Chinese auto sales (factory shipment basis: including export, excluding import) remained at 19.31 million units, up 4.3% year-on-year. Although sales of passenger cars grew by 7.1%, those of commercial vehicles were sluggish, down by 5.5%. Compared to the double-digit growth of sales in 2009 and 2010, the 2011 growth rate was also only 2.5%; the market growth has been slowing substantially for the last two years.


 Concerning each OEM's vehicle sales by group, SAIC Motor Corporation (SAIC) and BAIC Group (BAIC), and emerging OEMs such as Great Wall Motor and Geely Holding Group (Geely) boosted sales supported by strong exports. The sales share of the top 11 OEMs amounted to about 90% of the entire vehicle sales in China.


 As for passenger car sales by brand, Japanese brands, which lost only 0.1 points year-on-year in 2011, lost 2.7 points year-on-year to the share of 16.9%, due partly to anti-Japan demonstrations in August 2012 that were set off by the territorial issue. In the meantime, the market share of other foreign brands, particularly European and the US brands represented by VW and GM grew significantly by 2.1 points year-on-year to 21.7%.

 Regarding sales by engine displacement, sales of models with a displacement over 1-lter up to 2.0-liter increased substantially. The market share of MT models has continued to shrink. Concerning sales by vehicle type, Chinese models ranked first in the three vehicle types - minivan, MPV, and SUV.


 Regarding import/export of vehicles, exports surpassed the one million-mark for the first time. Emerging OEMs including Chery, Geely, and Lifan Industry (Lifan) contributed substantially to the increased exports. Imports also surpassed 1 million units, up 9.0%, or 93,000 units, year-on-year to more than 1.13 million units as they did in the previous year.


Related Reports:
Japanese vehicle sales targets in China revised downward for 2012 (Dec. 2012)
Chinese auto sales estimated to increase to 20.5 million units in 2012 (Mar. 2012)



2012 new vehicle sales: total 19.31 million units, falling short of the CAAM's original forecast of 20 million units

 The 2012 Chinese auto sales grew by 4.3% year-on-year to 19.31 million units. The growth rate continued to remain at one-digit level as it did in 2011 (up 2.5% year-on-year to 18.51 million units). Compared with the double-digit growth in 2009 (up 46% year-on-year) and 2010 (up 32%), the growth rate was significantly slowed down.

 Concerning type of vehicle, sales of SUVs increased by 25.5%, and those of sedans and hatchbacks has a combined growth of 6.1%, which contributed to the 7.1% growth of all passenger car sales. On the other hand, sales of large-sized buses including chassis (down 33.3% year-on-year), semi-trailers (down 26.0%), and heavy-duty trucks (down 28.5%) fell substantially, which is a factor for the decline of all vehicle sales.

 In March 2009, the Chinese government began aiming for an increase in the market share of heavy-duty trucks to more than 25% by 2011 as part of a structural improvement program for the demand of vehicles, but the target has not been achieved. The 2012 market share of heavy-duty trucks is slightly less than 13.5% and, even when combined with that of semi-trailers, it is only 19.3%.


 The 2012 actual export volume of vehicles made in China, which are included in new vehicle sales in the statistics by the CAAM (China Association of Automobile Manufacturers), was up 29.70% year-on-year to 1,056,100 units. Although the growth rate declined slightly from the 2011 year-on-year growth rate of 49.4%, the double-digit growth was maintained and contributed substantially to the positive growth of all sales in 2012.

 The inventory of vehicles was 757,300 units at the end of December 2012, which declined slightly by 20,200 units in November (777,500 units). The inventory included 585,100 passenger cars (600,200 units at the end of November) and 172,100 commercial vehicles (177,300 units at the end of November). (Note: data announced by CAAM)


 In addition, the 2012 sales of new-energy vehicles such as PHVs/EVs that are included in the above figures were 12,791 units, which included 11,375 EVs (5,579 in 2011. up 103.9% year-on-year) and 1,416 PHVs. The 2012 production volume of them was 12,552 units, which included 11,241 EVs (5,655 units in 2011. up 98.8% year-on-year) and 1,311 PHVs. When looking at the share of production by vehicle type, the share of sedans and hatchbacks was a combined 79%, buses 13%, and others 8%. (preliminary figures by the CAAM on January 11, 2013)

 The 2012 sales and production volume of non-plug-in HVs, which are classified as eco cars in Japan, but are defined as "energy-efficient vehicles", has yet to be announced. The 2011 sales and production volume of hybrid vehicles including PHVs and non-plug-in HVs was 2,580 and 2,713 units, respectively. The CAAM announced that the 2011 sales and production volume of eco cars further including EVs was 8,159 and 8,368 units, respectively.


 In the meantime, the 2012 production volume of vehicles in China totaled 19.27 million units including chassis, up 4.6% year-on-year, which includes 15.524 million passenger cars (up 7.2% year-on-year) and 3.748 million commercial vehicles (down 4.7%).

 

Chinese auto sales by vehicle type (including exports)

(units)
Auto sales (Included) Production in China
(Note 1) Export volume
Volume Increase/
decrease
rate
(year-on-year)
Volume
2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012 2012
/2011
2011 2012
2/3box(Note 2) 10,122,703 10,744,740 6.6% 6.1% 331,520 478,809 44.4% 10,137,517 10,767,380
MPV 497,708 493,396 11.7% -0.9% 13,217 5,464 -58.7% 506,232 491,896
SUV 1,593,714 2,000,410 20.2% 25.5% 95,835 129,052 34.7% 1,602,618 1,998,557
Minivan(Note 3) 2,258,291 2,256,694 -9.4% -0.1% 35,500 47,879 34.9% 2,238,959 2,265,825
Passenger car total 14,472,416 15,495,240 5.2% 7.1% 476,072 661,204 38.9% 14,485,326 15,523,658
Large-sized bus 73,812 79,228 7.3% 1.9% 44,723 54,927 22.8% 73,398 79,252
Medium-sized bus 91,577 90,521 1.9% -1.2% 90,941 89,841
Light-sized bus 322,473 337,654 13.4% 4.7% 318,239 337,327
Bus total
Chassis (included)
487,862
84,478
507,403
81,808
10.1%
-2.8%
4.0%
-3.2%
44,723
773
54,927
721
22.8%
-6.7%
482,578
84,231
506,420
80,632
Semi-trailer 257,574 190,645 -27.4% -26.0% 23,478 27,393 16.7% 244,299 184,484
Heavy-duty truck 623,067 445,356 -6.0% -28.5% 270,015 312,567 15.8% 578,397 406,576
Medium-duty truck 291,959 290,269 7.4% -0.6% 294,448 288,719
Light-duty truck 1,880,060 1,842,710 -4.1% -2.0% 1,843,632 1,827,667
Mini truck 492,176 534,812 -19.6% 8.7% 490,196 534,046
Truck total
Chassis (included)
3,544,836
585,304
3,303,792
459,755
-8.2%
-13.3%
-6.8%
-21.5%
293,493
10,875
339,960
17,581
15.8%
61.7%
3,450,972
552,926
3,241,730
439,620
CV total 4,032,698 3,811,195 -6.3% -5.5% 338,216 394,887 16.8% 3,933,550 3,748,150
Grand total (Note 4)
CKD (included)
18,505,114
325,058
19,306,435
290,933
2.5%
1.1%
4.3%
-10.5%
814,288
0
1,056,091
41
29.7%
-
18,418,876
325,673
19,271,808
289,478
Note 1. Auto sales do not include imports but exports.
2. 2/3 box is total of sedans and hatchback.
3. Minivan means a minivan style passenger car of which the overall length is 3.5 meters or shorter, and of which the displacement is 1.0-liters or smaller. Slightly larger models with a displacement over 1.0-liter (1.1- to 1.3-liter) have been launched in recent years.

 

 



Sales by group: SAIC/ BAIC/ Brilliance/ Great Wall Motor register double-digit growth and the combined market share of the top 11 OEMs amounts to about 90%

 Under the Chinese Automobile Industry Readjustment and Revitalization Plan (2009-2011) that the Chinese government announced in March 2009, in the restructuring of the automotive industry (corporations) by 2011, the government aimed to reorganize OEM groups (manufacturers) with annual production/sales volume of more than 2 million units into two to three groups, and groups with annual production/sales volume of more than 1 million units into four to five groups, while it aimed to increase the market concentration rate (the total market share) of the top 10 OEMs in terms of production and sales to more than 90%.

 Against the current status where it still has not completely achieved the above target in 2012, the Chinese government announced a revised target in January 2013, in which the deadline for the market concentration rate of the top 10 OEMs being increased to more than 90% will be postponed until 2015 and the policy for the reorganization for the improvement of the automotive industry will be firmly maintained in order to promote the organization of three to five large vehicle manufacturer groups with core competence.


 When we look at the 2012 vehicle sales in China by OEM groups, three groups - SAIC (actual sales: 4.46 million units), Dongfeng Motor Corp. (3.079 million units), and FAW Group (2.649 million units) - sold more than 2 million units a year, while one OEM (Changan Automobile Group, which sold more than 2 million in 2011) failed to sell more than 2 million units in 2012. The number of OEM groups that produced and sold more than 1 million units per year (less than 2 million units) increased by one to two - Changan Automobile Group (1.956 million units) and BAIC Group (1.69 million units).


 In the 2012 sales ranking of OEM groups, the top 6 groups remained the same as in the previous year. The top OEM, SAIC, boosted sales volume by 12.5% year-on-year, or about 500,000 units, to 4.461 million units and also substantially increased its market share by 1.7% points to 23.1%. Dongfeng Motor Corp. (up 0.7% in sales volume, down 0.6 points year-on-year to a 16.0% share of the market), ranked second, and FAW Group (up 1.6%, down 0.4 points year-on-year to 13.7% share of the market) ranked third, each slightly increased sales volume, but lost their market share.

 As it did in 2011, Changan Automobile Group, ranked fourth, registered a negative growth: its sales volume declined by 2.6% year-on-year to 1.956 million units, dropping out of the 2-million-unit groups, and also lost its market share by 0.7 points to 10.1%. In the meantime, BAIC Group, ranked fifth, registered a double-digit year-on-year growth of 10.8% in sales volume and also increased its market share by 0.5 points to 8.8%. Sales volume of Guangzhou Automobile Group (GAC Group), ranked sixth, declined by 3.8% and its market share fell from 4.0% to 3.7%.

 Brilliance Auto Group climbed in rank from eighth in 2011 to seventh, overtaking Chery Automobile. Great Wall Motor boosted sales by 28.3% year-on-year, taking great strides from tenth in 2011 to eighth. On the other hand, Chery Automobile fell from seventh in 2011 to ninth and JAC (Jianghuai Automobile Group) was down from ninth to eleventh. BYD Auto (BYD), which registered a double-digit negative growth in 2011, posted a low growth of 1.7%; although it registered positive growth, it fell one rank from eleventh to twelfth.


 Geely Holding Group (up 13.6% year-on-year), Lifan Industry (up 33.7%), Young Man Automobile Group (up 26.6%), and Hawtai Automobile Group (up 77.2%) each posted a double-digit high growth in their 2012 sales volume, whereas Chery (down 12.2%), China National Heavy Duty Truck Group (down 13.4%), Shaaxi Automobile Group (down 20.3%), and Haima Automobile (excluding FAW Haima, down 37.2%) each registered a double-digit negative growth, thus losing sales substantially.


 When we look at the market concentration rate of the top groups, the top 10 OEM groups in China increased their market share of the 2012 vehicle sales (excluding imported vehicles, including imports) by 0.7 points year-on-year to 87.4%. In the meantime, the market share of the top 11 OEM groups increased their share slightly by 0.6 points year-on-year to 89.9%, amounting to about 90%. The Chinese government still has not achieved the restructuring target of the automotive industry (corporations) that it has been pressing ahead with since March 2009.

 

OEM groups in China: Actual sales volume of new vehicles in 2011-2012 (factory shipment basis)

(units)
OEM groups New vehicle sales (passenger car + commercial vehicle)
2011 2012
*Note1
Year-on-year
increase/decrease
of volume
Volume (unit) Market
share (%)
Volume (unit) Market
share (%)
2011 2012
SAIC Motor Corp. 3,966,003 21.43% 4,461,393 23.11% 11.5% 12.5%
Dongfeng Motor Corp. 3,058,587 16.53% 3,078,494 15.95% 12.2% 0.7%
FAW Group 2,605,747 14.08% 2,648,509 13.72% 1.6% 1.6%
Changan Automobile Group 2,008,540 10.85% 1,956,391 10.13% -15.6% -2.6%
BAIC Group
(Beijing Automotive Group)
1,526,336 8.25% 1,691,117 8.76% 2.4% 10.8%
GAC Group
(Guangzhou Automobile Group)
740,391 4.00% 712,164 3.69% -9.3% -3.8%
Brilliance Auto Group (Brilliance) 566,799 3.06% 637,979 3.30% 13.1% 12.6%
Great Wall Motor 486,811 2.63% 624,602 3.24% 22.5% 28.3%
Chery Automobile 641,715 3.47% 563,305 2.92% -5.9% -12.2%
Geely Holding Group (Geely) 432,752 2.34% 491,444 2.55% 4.0% 13.6%
JAC (Jianghuai Automobile Group) 494,822 2.67% 486,760 2.52% 7.9% -1.6%
BYD Auto 448,807 2.43% 456,318 2.36% -13.7% 1.7%
Lifan Industry (Group) 202,144 1.09% 270,303 1.40% 61.9% 33.7%
Fujian Motor 192,877 1.04% 192,846 1.00% -1.9% 0.0%
China National Heavy Duty Truck Group 159,112 0.86% 137,802 0.71% -27.3% -13.4%
Zotye 134,920 0.73% 122,194 0.63% 4.8% -9.4%
Others *Note 3 838,751 4.53% 774,814 4.01% - -
Total 18,505,114 100% 19,306,435 100% 2.5% 4.3%
Note 1. OEMs in descending order of 2012 sales volume.
Note 2. Auto sales do not include imports but exports. Commercial vehicle includes chassis.
Note 3. "Others" is the total by OEMs that sold less than 95,000 units in 2012 including Shaaxi Automobile Group.

 

 



Passenger car sales by brand: European brands including VW take the lead for two consecutive years, while Japanese brands suffer major setbacks

Change of market share of passenger cars by foreign brands in China When we look at the sales volume of passenger cars in 2012 by origin of brand, among foreign brands (including original brands of foreign joint ventures), European brands (3.36 million units/2.84 million units in 2011), ranked first, surpassing Japanese brands (2.63 million units/2.83 million units) for two consecutive years.

 During the two years from 2011 to 2012, Japanese brands fell from a positive year-on-year growth of 5.8% in 2011 to a negative year-on-year growth of 7.3% in 2012 due partly to a territorial issue between Japan and China, whereas other foreign brands such as European, US, and Korean brands registered double-digit growth.

 On the other hand, sales of Chinese brands (including some foreign models such as Daihatsu Xenia, which are marketed under Chinese brand) improved from a 3.7% year-on-year decline in 2011 to a 3.7% increase in 2012.


 Concerning market share, most foreign brands except Japanese brands increased their share of the passenger car market in China. Japanese brands boosted their market share slightly by 0.1 points in 2011, but lost their share by 2.7 points from 19.6% in 2011 to 16.9%. On the other hand, compared to the previous year, European brands increased their market share by 2.1 points to 21.7% in 2012, US brands by 1.2 points to 12.2%, and Korean brands by 0.5 point to 8.6%.

 Among foreign OEMs, the market share of Japanese OEMs excluding Isuzu, and Volvo (Volvo Car), Chrysler, and Citroen shrank, while European, US, Korean major OEMs centered on VW group, GM, Ford, and Hyundai substantially increased their market share.


 The total market share of Chinese brands has gradually been decreasing from 45.5% in 2010, to 41.6% in 2011, further to 40.3% in 2012. On the other hand, when we look at each OEM, SAIC Motor Corp., China's largest OEM (8.9% in 2011 and 9.1% in 2012), Geely Holding Group (3.0% and 3.2%), Great Wall Motor (2.5% and 3.1%), Dongfeng Motor Carp. (2.7% and 2.8%), Lifan Industry (0.8% and 1.2%), and BAIC Group (0.2% and 0.5%) slightly increased their share.

 Since March 2009, the Chinese government has been pressing ahead with the expansion of the market share of Chinese vehicles (own brand), targeting more than a 40% share of the passenger car market in China (more than 30% for sedans and hatchbacks).

 

Sales volume of passenger cars (sedan and hatchback/MPV/SUV/minivan) by brand of each OEM and by origin of brand

(units)
2010 2011 2012
European brand 2,393,878 2,839,272 3,361,590
  VW Group 1,871,336 2,200,715 2,608,896
  VW 1,474,734 1,723,006 2,050,193
Audi 206,302 257,700 328,700
Skoda 190,300 220,009 230,003
PSA Group 373,366 404,139 440,028
Citroen 224,001 230,002 223,801
Peugeot 149,365 174,137 216,227
BMW 53,963 95,444 147,374
M-Benz 49,567 88,755 101,130
Lotus 28,555 35,335 45,421
Fiat 0 0 11,288
Volvo 17,091 14,884 7,453
Japanese brand 2,677,192 2,831,788 2,624,796
Nissan 681,360 832,193 793,314
Nissan 681,360 832,193 751,509
Venucia 0 0 41,805
Toyota 775,360 803,463 745,565
Honda 671,640 642,011 627,610
Honda 671,640 642,011 613,521
Ciimo 0 0 14,089
Suzuki 275,336 302,091 253,471
Mazda 228,837 211,603 172,732
Mitsubishi 43,445 39,203 30,239
Isuzu 1,214 1,224 1,865
US brand 1,395,045 1,598,685 1,892,391
GM 1,089,857 1,277,697 1,473,840
Baojun 0 21,854 80,323
Chevrolet 541,141 609,107 689,069
Buick 543,512 639,728 697,441
Cadillac 5,204 7,008 7,007
Ford 304,104 320,657 418,501
Chrysler 1,084 331 50
Dodge 1,004 10 0
Chrysler 80 321 50
Korean brand 1,036,036 1,172,318 1,340,038
Hyundai 703,008 739,800 859,595
Kia 333,028 432,518 480,443
Taiwan model 0 7,058 31,106
Yulon Motor 0 7,058 31,106


⇒ (To be continued) ⇒

2010 2011 2012
Chinese brand 6,255,651 6,023,295 6,245,319
  SAIC Motor Corp. 1,218,204 1,287,931 1,412,595
  MG 29,373 49,522 77,774
Roewe 131,027 112,639 122,544
Wuling 1,057,804 1,125,770 1,212,277
Changan Automobile Group 1,157,170 855,342 849,868
Chery Automobile 674,774 634,311 550,203
Geely Holding Group 416,168 432,752 491,444
Gleagle 201,466 180,365 178,630
Emgrand 71,346 113,219 160,517
Englon 138,416 139,051 152,297
Former Geely 4940 117 0
Great Wall Motor 294,181 365,075 487,370
FAW Group 644,729 621704 484,002
BYD Auto 519,806 448,484 456,056
Dongfeng Motor Corp. 328,963 397,663 428,169
Dongfeng Xiaokang 226,198 243,053 202,991
Fengshen 27,684 26,028 60,201
Dongfeng 75,081 128,582 164,977
Brilliance Auto 218,450 198,687 227,606
JAC 200,031 217,201 202,395
Lifan Industry 67,909 122,319 182,860
Zotye 128,698 134,920 122,194
BAIC Group 26,251 29,192 84,373
Beijing Pai 0 10,016 67,020
Fujian 13,224 8,109 7,189
Beijing (existing) 13,027 11,067 10,164
Fujian Motor 80,399 74,325 79,083
GAC Group 77,653 52,269 66,478
Changfeng 28,918 23,330 15,672
GAC 0 17,006 38,780
Gonow 48,735 11,933 12,026
Haima Automobile 69,168 70,052 44,020
Hawtai Automobile Group 81,439 19,227 34,071
Dandong Huanghai Automobile 15,843 17,278 13,010
Shaaxi Automobile Group 1,947 10,009 8,532
Sichuan Automobile 4,885 10,807 7,229
Zhejiang Flyday Automobile 8,294 5,834 5,051
Zhongxing Automobile 17,437 12,957 4,825
Aerospace Chenggong Automobile 3,250 4,956 3,885
Jiangling Jingma Automobile
(Jiangxi Fire Truck)
2 0 0
Grand total (passenger car) 13,757,794 14,472,416 15,495,240

(Note) Own brand models (including Nissan's Venucia/Honda's Ciimo/GM's Baojun) of joint ventures in China by foreign OEMs are included in the models of each foreign OEM. Foreign models such as FAW Jilin Automobile's Xenia (based on the Daihatsu Xenia), which are marketed under Chinese brands, are included in the Chinese models.

 

 



Top rankings by model in passenger car sales

 In the 2012 rankings in sales of sedans and hatchbacks (2/3box), Shanghai GM's sedan, Excelle, continued to hold the first place at 277,000 units for two consecutive years (253,000 units in 2011). The New Sail 2/3box, which was developed exclusively for China, jumped up from seventh place (177,000 units) in 2011 to second place (262,000 units). FAW-VW Jetta (243,000 units) was ranked third, Shanghai GM's Cruze ranked fourth, and FAW-VW Bora ranked fifth. Among the top 10 sedans and hatchbacks, models of Toyota, Honda, and BYD were ranked in 2011, but in 2012, models of GM, VW, and Hyundai dominated the ranking.


 Concerning MPVs, the top 4 models are dominated by Chinese brands except for the second place. Among them, Dongfeng Liuzhou Motor's Future/Lingzhi took over the lead (73,000 units) from the seventh place (28,000 units) in 2011, while Dongfeng Liuzhou Motor's Jingyi, which was ranked first in 2011, fell to third place (64,000 units) and JAC's Refine dropped from third place (58,000 units) to fourth place (54,000 units). Shanghai GM's New/Former Buick GL8, which was ranked second (67,000 units) in 2011, maintained the second place though its sales declined by 2,911 units year-on-year.


 Among SUVs, Dongfeng Honda's CR-V had kept the first position, but fell to third place. Great Wall Motor's Hover H and Shanghai VW's Tiguan each climbed one rank from second and third in 2011, respectively.


 Regarding minivans, the top 3 models (series) remained the same; SAIC-GM-Wuling' Wuling was ranked first at 1.212 million units, Changan Automobile Group's Changan was ranked second at 520,000 units, and Dongfeng Yu'an's Dongfeng Xiaokang was ranked third at 203,000 units. The Jiabao of Hafei Motor, which is under the umbrella of Changan Automobile Group, was ranked among the top 10s. BAIC Group's Weiwang 306 (based on Daihatsu's Gran Max Van (2007MY)), which was ranked tenth in 2011, climbed to fifth.

Top 10 models in passenger car sales in China (by vehicle type)

(units)

▽Sedan and Hatchback

Rank 2011 2012
Model OEM Sales
volume
Model OEM Sales
volume
(Reference)
2011 sales
volume
1 Excelle Shanghai GM 253,516 Excelle Shanghai GM 277,071 253,516
2 Lavida Shanghai VW 247,475 New Sail 262,035 176,721
3 Cruze Shanghai GM 221,232 Jetta FAW-VW 242,528 217,861
4 Jetta FAW-VW 217,861 Cruze Shanghai GM 232,592 221,232
5 New Bora 207,041 New Bora FAW-VW 222,735 207,041
6 Elantra Yuedong Beijing Hyundai 190,995 Elantra Yuedong Beijing Hyundai 214,753 190,995
7 New Sail Shanghai GM 176、721 New Passat Shanghai VW 210,567 97,797
8 New Corolla Tianjin FAW Toyota 170,117 Verna Beijing Hyundai 204,963 138,525
9 F3 BYD 166,847 Sagitar FAW-VW 196,296 128,325
10 Accord Guangqi Honda 160,735 Magotan 173,664 87,365

▽MPV

Rank 2011 2012
Model OEM Sales
volume
Model OEM Sales
volume
(Reference)
2011 sales
volume
1 Jingyi Dongfeng Liuzhou 73,077 Future/Lingzhi Dongfeng Liuzhou 72,723 27,601
2 New/Former Buick GL8 Shanghai GM 66,912 New/Former Buick GL8 Shanghai GM 64,001 66,912
3 Refine JAC 58,227 Jingyi Dongfeng Liuzhou 63,778 73,077
4 Xenia FAW Jilin 41,090 Refine JAC 53,988 58,227
5 Touran Shanghai VW 31,241 Xenia FAW Jilin 41,270 41,090
6 Odyssey Guangqi Honda 30,404 Touran Shanghai VW 36,044 31,241
7 Future/Lingzhi Dongfeng Liuzhou 27,601 Succe Zhengzhou Nissan 25,157 24,148
8 Succe Zhengzhou Nissan 24,148 Odyssey Guangqi Honda 20,900 30,404
9 Freema FAW Haima 22,986 Freema FAW Haima 20,653 22,986
10 Grace Brilliance Jinbei 18,269 E'Z Guangqi Toyota 17,286 16,738

▽SUV

Rank 2011 2012
Model OEM Sales
volume
Model OEM Sales
volume
(Reference)
2011 sales
volume
1 CR-V Dongfeng Honda 160,003 Hover H Great Wall Motor 221,549 143,816
2 Hover H Great Wall Motor 143,816 Tiguan Shanghai VW 173,062 129,172
3 Tiguan Shanghai VW 129,172 CR-V Dongfeng Honda 169,036 160,003
4 Qashqai Dongfeng Nissan 111,304 ix35 Beijing Hyundai 108,241 103,023
5 ix35 Beijing Hyundai 103,023 Qashqai Dongfeng Nissan 105,143 111,304
6 RAV4 FAW Toyota 100,218 Tiigo Chery Automobile 104,013 99,338
7 Tiigo Chery Automobile 99,338 RAV4 FAW Toyota 98,179 100,218
8 Highlander Guangqi Toyota 94,635 Audi Q5 FAW-VW 90,157 58,632
9 Sportage R Dongfeng-Yueda-Kia 64,341 S6 BYD 86,851 60,198
10 S6 BYD 60,198 Sportage R Dongfeng-Yueda-Kia 75,964 64,341

▽Minivan

Rank 2011 2012
Model
(Series)
OEM Sales
volume
Model
(Series)
OEM Sales
volume
(Reference)
2011 sales
volume
1 Wuling SAIC-GM-Wuling 1,125,770 Wuling SAIC-GM-Wuling 1,212,277 1,125,770
2 Changan Changan Automobile Group 509,895 Changan Changan Automobile Group 519,835 509,895
3 Dongfeng Xiaokang Dongfeng Yu'an 243,053 Dongfeng Xiaokang Dongfeng Yu'an 202,991 243,053
4 Hafei Hafei Motor 71,891 Jiabao FAW Jilin 49,672 62,555
5 Jiabao FAW Jilin 62,555 Weiwang 306 BAIC Group 46,368 10,016
6 Haixing Brilliance Jinbei 45,013 Haixing Brilliance Jinbei 43,019 45,013
7 Changhe Changhe Automobile 39022 Hafei Hafei Motor 37,268 71,891
8 Riich Chery Automobile 33,579 Fushida Haima Automobile 35,099 56,487
9 Lifan Fengshun Lifan Industry 23,526 Changhe Changhe Automobile 26,561 34,066
10 Weiwang 306 BAIC Group 10,016 Riich Chery Automobile 19,729 33,579

 

 



Passenger car (PC) sales by engine displacement and transmission type

 Regarding the 2012 passenger car (PC) sales by engine displacement, cars with displacement over 1.0-liter up to 1.6-liter accounted for more than half at 57.6%, up 2.5 points year-on-year. Those with displacements over 1.6-liter up to 2.0-liter increased their share by 1 point. On the other hand, the share of other models declined or leveled off and, in particular, the share of small passenger cars with displacements up to 1-liter, for which the government's incentives were terminated, fell substantially from 12.9% in 2011 to 9.6%.

 In March 2009, the Chinese government set a target to increase the share of passenger cars with displacements up to 1.5-liter to more than 40% (among them, those with displacements up to 1.0-liter accounts for more than 15%) by 2011.


 As for the market share by transmission type for passenger car sales, MT models lost their share, while AT models continued to increase their share (28.5% in 2009 → 33.0% in 2012). Automatization and upscaling of transmissions continue.

 

Passenger car: market share by displacement and transmission type

Market share of passenger cars
2009 2010 2011 2012

▽Sales by engine displacement

1-liter or less 12.3% 14.6% 12.9% 9.6%
Over 1-liter up to 1.6-liter 57.3% 54.2% 55.1% 57.6%
Over 1.6-liter up to 2.0-liter 19.4% 20.8% 22.5% 23.5%
Over 2.0-liter up to 2.5-liter 9.4% 8.7% 7.8% 7.7%
Over 2.5-liter up to 3.0-liter 1.4% 1.5% 1.4% 1.4%
Over 3.0-liter up to 4.0-liter 0.2% 0.2% 0.3% 0.2%
Over 4.0-liter 0.0% 0.1% 0.1% 0.0%

▽Sales by transmission

MT 69.1% 67.7% 64.2% 62.3%
AT 28.5% 29.7% 31.9% 33.0%
Others 2.4% 2.6% 3.9% 4.7%
Total 100% 100% 100% 100%

 

 



Import/Export of vehicles: Export surpasses 1 million-mark for the first time, while import registers double-digit growth

 In 2012, China exported 1.056 million vehicles (data by the CAAM), up 29.7% year-on-year, surpassing the 1 million-mark for the first time. Among them, passenger cars accounted for 661,000 units (up 38.9%) and commercial vehicles 395,000 units (up 16.8%). Regarding the type of vehicle, sedans and hatchbacks accounted for 479,000 units (up 44.4%); SUVs and minivans accounted for 33,000 units (up 34.7%) and 12,000 units (up 34.9%), respectively.

 Concerning the type of vehicle, exports of sedans and hatchbacks, buses, and trucks totaled 942,300 units, which accounted for 92.8% in the entire vehicle export.

The breakdown is as follows;
  1. Among all vehicle types, sedans and hatchbacks were sold the most at 495,500 units (up 33.2%). Among them, those with displacements up to 1.5-liter accounted for 328,700 units (up 23.4%), those with displacements over 1.5-liter up to 2-liter 161,400 units (up 57.9%), and those with displacements over 2-liter 5,300 units (5,329 units, up 50.2%)
  2. Buses accounted for 125,700 units (up 22.1% year-on-year). Among them, small buses (up to 9 seats) were sold most at 71,200 units (up 17.7%), midsized buses (10 to 29 seats) 37,300 units (up 37.1%), and large-sized buses (up to 30 seats) 17,200 units (up 12.9%)
  3. Trucks accounted for 321,100 units (up 10.2%). Among them, gasoline trucks were sold at 141,200 units (up 6.4%, slowdown). Diesel trucks with a gross vehicle weight (GVW) of 20 tons or over sold 44,600 units (up 25.1%) and those with GVW less than 5 tons sold 84,400 units (up 21.0%).

 In the 2012 top 10 ranking destinations of vehicle exports, Algeria was ranked first at 149,800 units, followed by Iraq (90,100 units), Russia (89,700 units), Iran (77,800 units), Chile (62,700 units), Peru (37,200 units), Egypt (34,600 units), Venezuela (32,800 units), Columbia (31,300 units), and Ukraine (30,600 units). The total export volume to the top 10 countries was 636,600 units, which accounted for about 60% (60.3%) of all vehicle exports.

 

Annual/Monthly export volume of vehicles (total of passenger cars and commercial vehicles)

(1,000 units)

▽Export

Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May Jun. Jul. Aug. Sep. Oct. Nov. Dec. Total
2010 35.9 30.0 40.1 43.4 44.3 56.3 52.9 50.3 51.4 49.5 55.4 55.9 565.4
2011 57.7 41.0 65.0 67.6 67.3 77.7 88.7 82.8 79.2 78.2 78.3 68.1 851.6
2012 65.1 45.6 69.0 79.2 94.9 86.2 110.4 112.3 106.1 82.8 80.4 124.1 1,056.1

▽Import

Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May Jun. Jul. Aug. Sep. Oct. Nov. Dec. Total
2010 56.0 38.2 85.4 75.9 64.4 68.2 71.6 62.2 66.3 57.5 81.9 86.0 814
2011 81.3 57.3 97.9 73.7 79.1 82.8 79.3 85.6 91.8 94.2 109.4 106.5 1,039
2012 82.9 101.6 110.5 97.8 118.4 103.3 96.5 110.1 79.7 69.4 84.6 77.5 1,132


Change of annual import of vehicle in China In contrast, in 2012, China imported 1.132 million vehicles, up 93,000 units, or 9.0% year-on-year. The growth rate declined substantially compared to 27.7% in 2011.

 In the top 10 ranking origins of imports, Germany is ranked first with an import volume of 329,000 units, followed by Japan with 233,000 units, the US with 168,700 units, Korea with 95,500 units, the UK with 87,800 units, Slovakia with 45,600 units, Mexico with 41,900 units, Belgium with 35,300 units, France with 24,000 units, and Portugal with 23,300 units. Among them, Korea registered the highest year-on-year decline, followed by Japan. This shows the seriousness of the negative influence caused by the territorial issue between Japan and China, which intensified in 2012.


 Additionally, the 2012 rankings of each OEM's passenger car exports recorded Chery Automobile as first at 182,000 units, accounting for 27.5% in all exports by Chinese OEMs, which is followed by Geely Holding Group (exports: 101,000 units, share: 15.2%), Lifan Industry (86,000 units, 13.0%), and SAIC Motor Corp. (84,000 units, 12.8%).

 Compared to the previous year, JAC's exports declined significantly from 48,700 units to 28,800 units, while exports by Chery (up 26,600 units year-on-year), Geely Holding Group (up 62,800 units), and Lifan Industry (up 43,000 units) increased remarkably.

 Export destinations are concentrated on emerging countries in Latin America, Asia, and Africa.

 In March 2009, the Chinese government announced its target to expand the Chinese-brand vehicle (own brand) business and to export about 10% of their production/sales abroad (the current progress is not made public).

 

Change of export volume of passenger cars by OEM (2009-2012)

(units)
OEM (Group) 2009 2010 2011 2012
Chery Automobile 47,734 91,436 155,305 181,890
Geely Group Holding 18,904 21,499 38,028 100,779
Lifan Industry (Group) 9,959 22,686 43,010 86,022
SAIC Motor Corp. SAIC Motor Passenger Vehicle 465 2,049 5,724 9,989
Shanghai GM 12 5,670 31,181 61,636
SAIC-GM-Wuling 2,823 6,438 14,443 12,730
Total 3,300 14,157 51,348 84,355
Great Wall Motor 9,432 29,233 47,545 53,245
GAC Group GAC Gonow 3,919 4,672 2,187 5,505
Honda Automobile (China) 28,299 25,009 24,249 29,034
GAC Motor 0 0 0 7
Total 32,218 29,681 26,436 34,546
JAC 2,549 8,626 48,731 28,828
BYD Auto 1,313 9,826 17,120 23,842
Dongfeng Motor Corp. Dongfeng-Peugeot-Citroen 5 5 3,129 3,528
Dongfeng Nissan Passenger Car 0 389 148 10
Zhengzhou Nissan 623 1,130 2,238 1,064
Dongfeng Motor Group Passenger Vehicle 0 0 0 4,577
Dongfeng Liuzhou Motor 19 212 46 145
Dongfeng Yu'an Vehicle 1,382 2,436 4,354 5,614
Total 2,029 4,172 9,915 14,938
Brilliance Auto Group Brilliance Jinbei 6,849 4,921 6,934 12,874
BMW Brilliance 0 0 31 219
Total 6,849 4,921 6,965 13,093

⇒ To be continued ⇒

OEM (Group) 2009 2010 2011 2012
FAW Group FAW Car 54 203 354 2,453
FAW-VW 86 194 38 10
Tianjin FAW Xiali 1,795 524 807 2,680
FAW Haima 507 1,465 2,466 5,170
FAW Jilin Automobile 371 1,333 1,122 2,578
Total 2,813 3,719 4,787 12,891
Changan Automobile Group Jiangling Motor Holding 117 240 353 248
Changan Automobile (Nanjing) 182 458 1,151 793
Changan Automobile 734 1,376 2,021 3,368
Hafei Motor 3,597 6,343 5,563 3,650
Changhe Automobile 1,457 2,284 3,485 4,440
Total 6,087 10,701 12,573 12,499
Zotye Auto 0 23,186 5,415 8,651
Haima Automobile Haima Personal Vehicle 0 60 588 898
Haima Commercial Vehicle 27 351 610 1,059
Total 27 411 1,198 1,957
BAIC Group (Beijing Automotive Group) Beijing Automobile Works 388 1,100 227 414
Beiqi Foton Motor 176 968 949 743
Total 564 2,068 1,176 1,157
Zhongxing Automobile 5,070 5,947 4,770 1,127
Shaaxi Automobile Group 0 0 0 679
Dandong Huanghai
Automobile
382 553 734 584
Fujian Motor
(Soueast Motor)
324 108 83 120
Hawtai Automobile Group 0 0 933 1
Qingling Motors 2 1 0 0
Grand total
(passenger car)
149,556 282,931 476,072 661,204

Note: OEMs (Groups) in descending order of 2012 exports volume of passenger cars.

 



(Reference 1) Consumer auto fleet has continued to slow down since 2009, but registers year-on-year double-digit growth

Consumer auto fleet from 2005 to 2011

(10K units)
End of
2005
End of
2006
End of
2007
End of
2008
End of
2009
End of
2010
End of
2011
* Consumer auto fleet (A) 3,160 3,697 4,358 5,100 6,281 7,802 9,356
* Increase from the previous year 466 537 661 742 1,181 1,521 1,554
* Growth rate y/y (%) 17.3 16.99 17.88 17.01 23.16 19.3 19.9
Passenger car & bus fleet 2,133 2,620 3,196 3,839 4,845 6,124 7,478
Large type 82 87 94 100 108 116 127
Medium type 132 137 141 143 146 146 147
Light type 1,618 2,083 2,647 3,271 4,247 5,498 6,828
Mini/Micro type 300 312 315 324 344 363 377
Truck fleet 956 986 1,054 1,126 1,369 1,598 1,788
Heavy-duty 168 174 187 201 315 395 461
Medium-duty 237 235 244 250 262 270 268
Light-duty 485 532 587 645 765 912 1,042
Mini-duty 66 45 37 31 26 21 18
Others 71 91 108 135 67 80 90
* Private auto fleet (B) 1,848 2,333 2,876 3,501 4,575 5,939 7,327
* Increase from the previous year 351 485 543 625 1,074 1,364 1,388
* Growth rate y/y (%) 24.97 26.24 23.27 21.74 30.68 25.3 23.4
Passenger car & bus fleet 1,384 1,824 2,317 2,881 3,808 4,990 6,238
Truck fleet 452 495 539 596 753 932 1,067
Others 12 14 20 24 14 17 22
* Ratio of private auto fleet (%, = B/A) 58.5 63.1 66.0 68.7 72.8 76.2 78.3
(Note) 1. The consumer auto fleet does not include low-speed trucks and three-wheelers.
2. Passenger car & bus is a total of passenger cars and buses.

(Appendix) Total length of public roads/expressways and number of passengers in public road traffic from 2005 to 2011 Year-end

End of
2005
End of
2006
End of
2007
End of
2008
End of
2009
End of
2010
End of
2011
* Total length of public roads (1,000km) 3,345.20 3,457.00 3,583.70 3,730.20 3,860.80 4,008.20 4,106.40
Total length of expressways (1,000km) 41 45.3 53.9 60.3 65.1 74.1 84.9
* Number of passengers in public road traffic
(One million)
16,974 18,605 20,507 26,821 27,791 30,527 32,862

 

 



(Reference 2) Passenger car (sedan and hatchback/MPV/SUV/minivan) sales volume by OEM and by model

(units)
Manufacturer
(OEM)
Model Sales volume
2011 2012
Shanghai VW Santana Vista 108,170 98,484
New Santana - 2,919
Santana B2 and others 95,819 101,385
Passat GP 68,061 22,754
New Passat(NMS) 97,797 210,567
Polo GP 2box 8 1
Polo GP 3box 45,655 20,154
New Polo 2box 122,242 118,849
Polo GTI - 1,190
Cross Polo 178 17,909
Lavida 247,475 151,599
New Lavida - 95,088
Touran 31,241 36,044
Tiguan 129,172 173,062
Skoda Octavia 126,450 137,616
Skoda Fabia 48,759 48,380
Skoda Superb 44,800 44,007
Shanghai GM Sail/Sail SRV 1 0
New Sail EV - 14
New Sail 3box 176,721 262,035
New Sail SRV 21,167 17,693
Chevrolet Epica 31,694 18,595
Chevrolet Aveo - 1
Chevrolet Lova 58,136 1
New Chevrolet
Aveo 2box
8,056 3,656
New Chevrolet
Aveo 3box
21,842 52,970
Chevrolet Malibu - 51,926
New Chevrolet Captiva - 19,601
Chevrolet Cruze 221,232 232,592
Buick GL8 21,890 27,030
New Buick GL8 45,022 36,971
Buick Regal 2 0
New Regal 78,886 85,440
Park Avenue 2,206 1,501
Excelle 3box 253,516 277,071
LaCrosse 1 0
New LaCrosse 103,369 86,101
Excelle XT 38,095 45,737
Excelle GT 96,741 127,575
Buick Encore - 10,015
Cadillac SLS 7,008 7,007
SAIC-GM-Wuling Spark 70,258 29,985
Baojun Lechi - 12,231
Baojun 630 21,854 68,092
Wuling Minivan 1,125,770 1,212,277
SAIC Motor Passenger Vehicle MG-3 22,129 40,764
MG-5 - 9,174
MG-6 25,129 22,397
MG-7 759 283
MG 350 2 3,829
MG 550 1,363 1,006
MG 750 140 321
Roewe 350 63,707 70,692
Roewe 550 40,296 37,615
Roewe 750 4,574 2,005
Roewe 950 - 4,598
Roewe E50 - 238
Roewe W5 4,062 7,396
Dongfeng Nissan Passenger Vehicle New Sunny 156,954 137,820
New Teana 156,165 90,072
Tiida 3box 1,830 1
Tiida 2box 23,398 3
New Tiida 2box 86,680 144,212
March 16,225 6,720
Livina 98,770 87,724
Livina Geniss 2,713 1,857
Sylphy 125,427 78,233
New Sylphy - 55,590
Qashqai (Dualis) 111,304 105,143
X-Trail 28,264 22,869
Murano 858 946
Venucial D50 - 30,193
Venucial R50 - 11,612
Zhengzhou Nissan Automobile Paladin 8,199 5,361
Oting 2,312 1,267
Yumsun 1,444 860
Succe 24,148 25,157
NV200 15,406 14,958
Dongfeng Honda CR-V 160,003 169,036
Civic 3box 78,089 79,763
Spirio 17,376 12,417
Elysion - 6,866
Ciimo - 14,089
Dongfeng-Peugeot-Citroen Automobile Elysee 65,474 55,559
C-Triomphe 369 1,313
C2 10,468 14,645
C-Quatre 2box 15,798 11,876
C-Quatre 3box 104,215 105,166
C5 3box 33,678 35,242
307 3box 25,897 11,132
307 2box 24,592 23,616
207 3box 27,142 20,336
207 2box 18,203 13,101
408 3box 53,619 53,533
508 15,285 26,926
308 9,399 67,583
Dongfeng-Yueda-Kia Motors Rio 30,324 9,184
Carnival 1 0
Optima 3,124 4,155
Cerato 54,649 34,501
Cerato 5-door 4,383 950
Sportage 44,754 41,178
Sportage R 64,341 75,964
Forte 3box 128,151 80,944
Soul 10,236 10,825
K5 34,221 52,742
K3 - 26,845
K2 2box - 18,242
K2 3box 58,334 124,913
Dongfeng Yulon Motor Luxgen 7,058 31,106
Dongfeng Liuzhou Future, Lingzhi 27,601 72,723
Jingyi 73,077 63,778
Dongfeng Yu'an Dongfeng Xiaokang 243,053 202,991
Dongfeng Motor Group Passenger Vehicle Co. Fengshen S30 14,207 25,453
Fengshen H30 3,263 936
Fengshen H30
Crossover
8,558 26,922
Fengshen A60 - 6,890
Dongfeng Automobile Junfeng CV03 - 1,192
FAW-VW Audi A6L 111,806 46,001
Audi A4L 87,262 100,519
Audi Q5 58,632 90,157
Audi C7 - 92,023
Jetta 217,861 242,528
New Bora 207,041 222,735
Golf A6 100,020 127,376
Magotan 87,365 173,664
Sagitar 128,325 196,296
CC 36,576 37,589
FAW Toyota Motor Sales (FTMS) Vios (Platz/Belta) 13,303 9,130
Corolla 120,377 124,531
Crown 30,453 25,456
Reiz (Mark X) 65,422 59,846
New Corolla 170,117 151,887
RAV4 100,218 98,179
Prado 21,903 18,706
Land Cruiser 200 7,253 5,308
Prius - 2,434
Tianjin FAW Xiali Automobile Xiali 2box 59,853 39,846
Xiali 3box 136,669 104,616
Vizi (Vitz) 155 171
Vela (Platz) 2,727 871
Weizhi 26,504 24,603
Weizhi V2 27,127 14,911
FAW GM LuckyMessenger 9 0
Ziyoufeng 165 94
FAW Jilin Xenia 41,090 41,270
Jiabao Minivan 62,555 49,672
FAW Car Hongqi H7 - 127
Other Hongqi 2 0
Besturn B70/50 112,816 72,452
Oley - 6,545
Mazda 6 (Atenza) 91,358 85,581
Mazda 6 Ruiyi
(new Atenza)
31,018 16,648
Mazda 8 (MPV) 6,168 2,859
FAW Haima Automobile Freema/Premacy 22,986 20,653
Family 80,364 61,630
Haima 3 2,017 182
Haima 2 (Tribute) 19,730 21,173
Qishi 26,619 25,109
Tianjin Meiya Automobile Qibing 316 77
Changan Suzuki New Alto 57,872 57,463
Cultus 52,243 36,913
Swift 2box 42,469 33,591
SX4 2box 47,551 28,746
SX4 3box 19,873 13,324
Changan Ford-Mazda Mondeo Zhisheng 64,511 68,334
New Fiesta 2box 44,006 34,785
New Fiesta 3box 19,984 17,222
Focus 2box 105,191 87,404
Focus 3box 83,770 66,777
New Focus - 142,179
S-MAX 3,195 1,800
Mazda 3 2box - 16,407
Mazda 3 3box 74,022 48,188
Mazda 2 2box 5,194 2,064
Mazda 2 3box 3,843 985
Volvo S40 5,104 1,804
Volvo S80 9,780 5,649
Changan Automobile Benni Love, Mini 90,056 66,663
Alsvin 56,672 66,459
CX30 2box 1,191 409
CX30 3box 14,334 7,962
CX30 HV - 76
CX30 EV - 100
CX30 LNG - 206
CX20 42,091 41,511
Eado - 40,239
Raeton - 181
Changan CS35 - 6,938
Changan Minivan 509,895 519,835
Jiangling Motor Holding Landwind 13,021 12,048
ChanganMinivan /Yushen 10,792 12,264
Fengshang 996 452
Fenghua 1 0
Changhe Automobile Ideal 3,809 3,470
Changhe minivan 34,066 26,561
Landy 4,956 2,753
Wagon R+ 58,158 70,886
Liana 2box 18,510 7,451
Splash 459 2,344
⇒ To be continued ⇒
Manufacturer
(OEM)
Model Sales volume
2011 2012
Hafei Motor Saima 2,636 1,987
Lobo 3,564 4,958
Saibao 327 -
Saibao EV - 281
Hafei minivan 71,891 37,268
Beijing Benz Benz E-class 44,951 36,765
Benz C-class 32,585 30,970
Benz GLK 259 25,929
Beijing Hyundai Motor Sonata 72,065 100,477
NF Sonata Lingxiang 11,741 1
Elantra 3box 113,368 64,368
Elantra Yuedong 190,995 214,753
New Accent 19,557 3,200
i30 9,792 1,645
MoInca 29,546 16,903
Verna 2/3box 138,525 204,963
New Elantra (Langdong) - 81,827
Tucson 51,188 56,184
ix35 103,023 108,241
New Santa Fe - 7,033
Beiqi Foton Motor SAGA X 390 288
MP-X 3,226 4,374
Midi 4,493 2,527
Beijing Automobile Works BJ2025 series 141 161
Luba (BJ2032) 984 418
BJ6466 series 1,790 1,676
BJ2020/BJ2022 3,076 3,219
Beijing minivan 5,076 4,690
BAIC Motor E130 - 7,348
E150 - 12,660
E150 EV - 644
Weiwang 306 10,016 46,368
Guangqi Honda Accord 160,735 104,114
Odyssey 30,404 20,900
Fit 2box 21,043 35,920
City Fengfan 123,502 96,913
Crosstour 1,914 33,982
Everus S1 24,696 24,576
GAC Toyota Camry 133,159 26,861
Camry HV 394 119
New Camry 10,167 116,258
New Camry HV - 2,164
Yaris 2box 19,324 12,341
Highlander 94,635 75,059
E'Z 16,738 17,286
GAC Fiat Viaggio - 11,288
GAC Mitsubishi Pajero - 1,397
ASX(RVR) - 1,094
GAC Motor Trumpchi 3box 17,006 9,612
Trumpchi GS5 - 22,999
Qibing - 2,944
Heijingang - 3,220
GS6 - 5
GAC Changfeng Motor Liebao 21,183 14,937
Liebao CS7/ Feiteng 2,139 700
Pajero series 7,866 4,243
Kylin 8 35
GAC Gonow Automobile Gonow GS50 93 31
Gonow GX5 0 717
Shuanjian 734 594
Aoxuan 1,802 2,370
Gonow Minivan 9,304 8,314
Honda Automobile
(China)
Jazz (Fit)1.2/1.4/1.5 24,249 29,034
Chery Automobile
(Chery)
Cowin 1 (QQ6) 30,672 15,415
Fulwin 2 54,956 32,873
Cowin 3 (A520) 42,187 19,129
Cowin 5 - 1,177
Fulwin 3box 28,736 22,520
Fulwin 2box 54,051 57,255
Chery QQ3 148,602 140,673
Chery QQ3 EV 2,167 3,129
Chery QQ me 102 4
Eastar 1,261 356
Chery A1 20,257 18,111
Chery A3 3box 23,424 10,495
Chery A3 2box 15,791 7,333
Chery B12 153 390
Chery B16 - 798
Chery A22 1,246 12,085
Chery E5 34,691 62,847
Tiigo 99,338 104,013
Karry Youyu 162 121
Karry Youya 10,283 3,462
Rely V5
(Eastar Cross)
5,475 1,993
Rely X5 2,043 734
Riich G5 2,103 1,241
Riich M1 2box 8,088 660
Riich M1 3box 348 2
Riich M1 EV - 152
Riich M1 SUV 14,596 13,506
Riich minivan 33,579 19,729
Geely Holding Group (Geely) (Gleagle) CK 82,653 59,891
(Gleagle) Vision 52,302 37,247
(Gleagle) Panda 44,494 31,672
Gleagle GC7 916 18,523
Gleagle GX7 - 31,297
Emgrand EC73box/RV 96,089 146,516
Emgrand EC8 17,130 14,001
(Englon) King Kong 68,465 54,556
Englon SC7/ Haijing 51,480 51,990
(Englon) Jinying 2box 18,165 24,661
Englon SC3 - 12,131
Englon SC6 - 8,445
Englon TX4 941 514
China Dragon 117 0
Great Wall Motor Florid 32,935 7,892
CoolBear 54 17
Phenom 819 2,288
Voleex C30 155,693 136,502
Voleex C20R 5,775 12,189
Voleex C50 136 41,802
Voleex V80/ Cowry 5,284 5,528
Hover H 143,816 221,549
Hover M 20,563 59,603
BYD Auto F3 3box 166,847 121,359
F3-R 2box 16,544 1,350
F3DM (PHV) 613 1,201
e6 (EV) 401 1,690
F6 12,894 658
F0 82,603 46,956
S6 60,198 86,851
G3 2box 6,303 3,222
G3 3box 54,677 31,964
G6 7,668 41,075
L3 36,901 77,867
Surui - 40,729
M6 2,835 1,134
Brilliance Jinbei Automobile Brilliance Zunchi 2,036 1,851
Brilliance Junjie 11,992 6,969
Junjie FRV 58,784 21,347
Junjie FSV 39,625 41,561
Junjie Wagon 252 20
Junjie Cross 4,396 2,612
Coupe 9 0
Brilliance H530 16,801 24,476
Brilliance A0 - 19,713
Brilliance V5/A3 277 47,698
Grace 18,269 16,798
Mianyang Huaxing Automobile Badao 783 1,128
Jinbei S50 450 414
Haixing minivan 45,013 43,019
BMW Brilliance Automotive BMW 3 Series 29,947 20,794
BMW 5 Series 65,492 105,939
BMW X1 5 20,641
JAC (Jianghuai Automobile Group) Refine 58,227 53,988
Bingyue 889 1,047
Tongyue 60,673 33,611
Tongyue EV - 2,485
Heyue 81,547 87,292
Yueyue 2,887 13,885
Rein 12,978 10,087
Lifan Industry (Group) Lifan 520 8,588 9,167
New Lifan 520 - 18
Lifan 520i 7,546 6,559
Lifan 620 43,233 70,654
Lifan 320 30,595 46,676
Lifan 720 - 214
Lifan 6430 8,831 23,057
Lifan Fengshun 23,526 26,515
Zotye Auto (Zotye Holding Group) Jiangnan 32,416 29,535
The second generation Multipla 13,870 4,362
Z200 HB 8,175 4,256
Z200 3box 3,754 4,814
Z300 - 25,126
Zotye 5008 73,349 47,185
Zotye TD100 - 845
Zotye V10 3,356 6,071
Soueast Motor Freeca 92 0
Zinger 1,702 1,087
Lancer 4,150 2,626
Lancer EX 24,555 19,367
Galant 930 425
Lingyue V3 69,450 59,783
Lingzhi - 17,771
Veryca/Xiwang 4,783 1,529
Dodge Caravan 10 0
Grand Voyager 321 50
Fujian Benz Viano (NCV2) 6,987 3,263
Sprinter 183 815
Vito 3,790 3,388
Young Man Automobile Group Lotus L3 3box 13,246 10,862
Lotus L3 2box 17,063 16,958
Lotus L5 3box 2,278 6,141
Lotus L5 2box 2,748 11,460
Haima Automobile Haima Prince 13,565 8,921
Fushida 56,487 35,099
Hawtai Automobile Group Terracan 4,544 384
Santa Fe, C9 13,432 26,881
Hawtai B11 741 131
Hawtai Boliger 510 6,675
Dandong Huanghai Automobile Auro 156 0
Landscape 10,556 5,365
Landscape V3 4,211 5,710
Challenger 2,355 1,935
Shaaxi Automobile Group Fujia 10,009 8,532
Sichuan Automobile Yema 10,807 7,229
Zhejiang Flyday Automobile UFO 5,834 4,657
Wuxing - 394
Zhongxing Automobile LandMark 12,957 4,825
Aerospace Chenggong Automobile Aerospace minivan 4,956 3,885
Qingling Motors Rodeo 1,224 1,865
Grand total 14,472,416 15,495,240

(Note) In 2011-2012, some OEMs such as Jiangling Jingma Automobile (former Jiangxi Fire Truck), Chengdu Xindadi, Fuzhou Dornier Camping Vehicle, and Polarsun Automobile did not sell any passenger cars.

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