Analysis Report: Automatic Transmission (AT) (Japan and Western Markets)

Trends among major suppliers

2020/03/23

List of AT suppliers

Aisin AW Co., Ltd. / Aisin Seiki Co., Ltd. JATCO Ltd. ZF Friedrichshafen AG


Ⅰ. Introduction

  Transmission is a core component of any vehicle, controlling rotational speed, torque, and direction to best match the power output of the engine to the driving conditions. It greatly contributes, along with the engine, to the driving capability, fuel economy, and ride feeling, and is often a differentiator between models. Because of this important role in determining the characteristics of a car many OEMs produce transmission units internally in the same vein as engines and motors. Thus the companies that can function as suppliers of transmission systems are limited to only the biggest players. In this report both the AT units built internally and those supplied from the outside are listed based on the model they are equipped on.

  The types of multistage AT systems detailed in this report include those that use torque converters and epicyclic gearing,

  • Those with MT modes available.
  • Those with inbuilt motors (HV-AT).

  Continuous variable transmission (CVT) units (see Analysis Report: CVT),

  • Including step-type CVT.
  • Electric motor powered CVT units.

  Note, that MT-based dual clutch transmission units are not detailed in this report.

  • DCT (Dual Clutch Transmission), which by some manufacturers is referred to by names such as DSG (direct-shift gearbox), PDK (Porsche), and i-DCD (Intelligent Dual Clutch Drive)
  • AMT (Automated Manual Transmission)、Semi-AT (Semi-automatic transmission)

  For the reminder of this report the term AT will be used to refer to automatic transmissions.



Ⅱ. Overview

  While the number of AT or CVT (including electric motor powered CVT units) equipped vehicles has been increasing as of late, there are still many regions where MT cars are popular and so both types have a roughly 50% share of the global market. Europe is the region in which MT (including DCT and AMT) vehicles still have the highest level of popularity. For D to E-Segment and above models using longitudinal transmissions the ratio of AT vehicles is rising, but for C-Segment and below vehicles using transverse transmissions MT models occupy 70-80% of the market, the highest rate in the world. By contrast, the MT models in the U.S. compose just 10% of the market, and around 10-20% in Japan. This large gap means that many models produced in Japan and the U.S. do not offer MT versions at all.

  With regards to the automatic transmission market, in recent years the shift from step-type AT to CVT and DCT has been remarkable in recent years, but the tendency of the shift differs depending on the market. In the European market, the adoption of DCTs is increasing while coexisting with step-type ATs, and CVTs are uncommon except for Japanese OEM models. In the U.S. market, there was a brief period of transition from step-type ATs to CVTs, but most OEMs have returned to adopting step-type ATs. Except for Mazda, which will be described in more detail later, the shift to CVT is expected to accelerate in the Japanese market, mainly for small-medium-sized FF models. And, if electric CVTs are included, such as hybrid models equipped with the Toyota THS-II, the Japan market represents a veritable CVT powerhouse.

  Among the varieties of AT systems, there is also a trend from step-type AT to CVT and DCT types. In Europe the shift is mostly towards CVT systems, whereas in the U.S. and Japan it is towards CVT due to the proliferation of small and medium FF models. Even as the shift towards DCT and CVT systems continues, there are improvements being made to step-type AT systems through the addition of extra stages to aid fuel economy. Low-cost models typically use 6-speed AT units, but in Europe ZF has been introducing more 8 and 9-speed types recently.
  GM’s release of the 2017 MY Chevrolet Camaro ZL1 in autumn 2016 gave us the world’s first 10-speed automatic transmission (LT4 produced in-house). The following spring saw Ford release its 2017 MY F-150 pickup truck, which also sported an in-house developed 10-speed AT. Then in March 2017 Toyota released its high-end sports coupe Lexus LC500, which was equipped with a 10-speed AT from Aisin AW (AWR10L65). In autumn 2017 Honda released its fully redesigned 2018 MY Accord in the U.S., which comes with a 10-speed AT for the 2.0L direct injection turbo engine model. Hyundai has announced that they are working on a 10-speed AT for their FR Genesis. In 2015 Ford applied for a patent for an 11-speed AT, indicating that more stages are likely to be added in the near future. Honda also applied for a patent for an 11-speed system in May 2016, but unlike Ford’s step-type AT design this one utilizes a triple clutch system.

  In the Japanese market many of the automakers are producing minivehicles, subcompacts, and regular passenger vehicles with reduction of fuel consumption in mind. To this end they are installing CVT systems on their cars in greater numbers, with the most recent figures showing that the total ratio of AT to CVT has shifted in favour of CVT in the region. However, some makers such as Mazda and Honda are not totally devoted to installing CVTs on their new vehicles. Mazda is largely using a 6-speed AT system known as SKYACTIV-DRIVE that has been developed as part of the company’s SKYACTIV low fuel consumption technology platform. Honda has adopted a DCT system for the mass produced Fit series.



Ⅲ. AT production trends among suppliers and OEMs

  Aisin AW and JATCO are major suppliers for passenger vehicles and small commercial vehicles, Aisin Seiki supplies for small and medium commercial vehicles, Allison for large commercial vehicles, and ZF Friedrichshafen (ZF) for passenger and small and large commercial vehicles. In addition, Star Assembly SRL in Romania, a wholly-owned subsidiary of Daimler, is also a supplier of step-type ATs for passenger cars.
  Looking at which auto makers are producing AT systems in-house, Honda does all of its production internally, while Mitsubishi Motors and Nissan do not produce internally at all. The main cause of this difference is that JATCO was formerly the AT production section of Nissan’s Yoshiwara Plant, and in 2002 the company absorbed all of the AT/CVT production operations from Mitsubishi Motors’ Kyoto, Mizushima, and Yagi Plants. In the U.S. all of the Detroit Three do in-house production of AT systems for passenger cars, and in Europe Daimler, Renault, and Peugeot do the same. Other companies in those regions are mostly supplied by ZF and Aisin AW.

  The following table shows the share of step-type ATs manufactured by suppliers and OEMs in the Japanese market (Source: MarkLines; 2017 domestic vehicle production baseline data includes multi-stage ATs for hybrids, and excludes commercial vehicles).

  1. Mazda in-house: 37%
  2. Aisin AW: 31%
  3. Toyota in-house: 21%
  4. JATCO: 10%
  5. Daimler: 1%
  6. Daihatsu in-house: Less than 1%
  7. Honda in-house: Less than 1%

    ※Although not included in the percentages, other suppliers such as Aisin Seiki manufacture AT for commercial vehicles.

 

Aisin AW Co., Ltd. / Aisin Seiki Co., Ltd. 

  Aisin AW is a subsidiary of Toyota Group mainstay Aisin Seiki, and is the largest AT supplier in the world with a global share of 14.5% in 2014. The company contains divisions for transmission systems and car navigation systems, but the gap between the two is massive with AT sales making up 90% of the top line for the company for the three fiscal years from 2017 to 2019.

Business summary:

  • Headquartered in Anjo City, Aichi Prefecture, Aisin AW is a supplier of transmissions and in-vehicle information equipment, and has the largest market share globally for automatic transmissions.
  • Aisin AW is owned 58% by Aisin Seiki and 42% by Toyota.
  • Aisin is supplying Step AT primarily to Toyota, and also to the other Japanese OEMs Suzuki, Mazda, Subaru, and Mitsubishi. In Europe and the U.S., Aisin also supplies Step AT to the Detroit Big 3, BMW, PSA, the VW Group, and Volvo Cars. In recent years, Aisin seems to be aggressive engaged in business development activities, in particular for Volvo Cars.
  • In November 2018, the company announced that it would absorb AISIN AI Co., Ltd., a manual transmission supplier, which merged in April 2019 after conclusion of the merger agreement in December 2018. Former Aisin AI became Aisin AW’s Shiroyama Plant. The slowdown in the demand for MTs, which had been high in emerging markets, has become significant. So, to bring stability to the MT business, the company decided to merge its management with that of Aisin AW, which is performing well in the market.
  • In October 2019, it was announced that management integration with parent company Aisin Seiki will be implemented in April 2021 with the aim of strengthening their competitiveness in the domain of CASE-related technologies. The merger agreement has already been approved, including Toyota, and the surviving merged company will be Aisin Seiki Co., Ltd.

Overview of step-type AT and products:

  • Since the company produced its first FR 3-speed AT system in 1972, it has been at the forefront of AT development and commercialization. It was the first to release an FR 8-speed AT in 2006, and its current product lineup includes 3-6, and 8-speed ATs for FF and FR models, and a 10-speed FR only AT system.
  • While the share of step-type AT supplied to Toyota is about the same as that manufactured by Toyota in-house, Aisin AW is responsible for the transmissions for high-end vehicles with a high percentage of step-type AT, with 53% of Toyota's share. (Source: MarkLines; 2017 domestic vehicle production baseline data, excludes commercial vehicles)
  • Toyota and Lexus have a high ratio of THS-II hybrid vehicles, and the transmission mechanism is a continuously variable transmission using an electric motor, that is, an electric CVT. However, the Lexus LC500h (GWZ100), a luxury sports hybrid model that appeared in March 2017, was equipped with a multi-stage hybrid transmission (AWRHM50) that incorporates two electric motors in a step-type AT. By mating the transmission mechanism to the conventional hybrid system, enables a sense of directness while driving, and refines the drivability of high-end sports models by improving acceleration performance.  Headquartered in Anjo City, Aichi Prefecture, Aisin AW is a supplier of transmissions and in-vehicle information equipment, and has the largest market share globally for automatic transmissions.

Development related:

  • In November 2019, AW (Suzhou) Technical Center Co., Ltd. (AWTC-C), a transmission development company in China, and AW Hangzhou Software Co., Ltd. (Hangzhou, Zhejiang), an automotive software development company (AWH), reached an agreement to carry out management integration of the two companies. The merged company aims to speed up development and improve customer satisfaction by integrating transmission technology development and in-vehicle software design, and the scheduled effective date of the management integration is October 2020.
  • Aisin AW established a new Electronics Business Division on October 1, 2016. Previous to this the AT and car navigation divisions had each used their own computer and software systems. With the establishment of the new section the technology development of the AT and vehicle information technology (VIT) divisions will be integrated, and the company believes that it will achieve better leverage of know-how and technical synergy with the move.

Manufacturing related:

  • Outside of its facilities in Japan, it owns one in the U.S., and two in China. In autumn 2017 it established its first AT plant in Chonburi, Thailand, AW (Thailand) Co., Ltd. supply AT systems for Toyota’s local rear wheel drive models.
  • Aisin AW does not produce FR AT systems for small and medium trucks and buses, these are instead handled by parent Aisin Seiki’s Ogawa Plant (Aichi Prefecture).
  • Since December 2012 the subsidiary Aisin Drivetrain, Inc. in the U.S. (Indiana).
  • To boost Aisin AW’s production levels for AT systems a new aluminium die cast line for AT cases was installed and began partial operations at the Nishio Plant in August 2017.

Future activities:

  • As mentioned above, specific measures will likely emerge one after another in 2020 as a result of the business integration with its parent company Aisin Seiki in April 2021, so we will focus on the more important measures in the next update of this report.
  • As mentioned above Aisin AW is the biggest AT supplier worldwide, but its biggest customer Toyota is trending towards a greater ratio of hybrid models recently. In Japan the proportion of hybrids among subcompact and regular passenger cars has reached 45%, and 30% total for Japan, the U.S., and Europe. These models use electric CVTs rather than ATs, which is a worrying trend for Aisin AW. Japanese makers other than Toyota are also shifting their subcompacts from AT to CVT systems, meaning that Aisin AW needs to take action to court U.S. and E.U. makers in emerging markets to maintain their top sales position. To this end the company is focusing on new products and improvements such as AT systems for downsizing turbo engines and hopes to be able to continue meeting the needs of its customers.

 

JATCO Ltd.

  The name of the company comes from the initials of the former name, which was Japan Automatic Transmission Company. As the name suggests it specializes in AT, CVT, and hybrid transmission systems. The total number of AT units sold by the company worldwide since the founding 50 years ago reached 65 million in March 2017. It is the top global supplier of CVT units, with a record 40 million sold as of April 2018.

Business summary:

  • Headquartered in Fuji City, Shizuoka Prefecture, the company specializes in automatic transmissions and is the world leader in mechanical continuously variable transmissions (CVTs).
  • Nissan’s Yoshiwara Plant joined up with Mazda and Ford. The main customer is still Nissan, but it supplies Suzuki and Mitsubishi Motors as well. It also supplies Nissan partner Renault with CVTs, and some Dongfeng Nissan, Renault Samsung, and AutoVAZ models with ATs. However, since its establishment as a separate entity it has not supplied Mazda, barring some models supplied to them by Nissan and Suzuki on an OEM basis.

Overview of step-type AT and products:

  • The current product lineup includes 4 and 6-speed ATs for FF vehicles, 5 and 7-speed ATs and a 7-speed hybrid for FR vehicles, and CVT systems.
  • Of particular note is the FR hybrid transmission JR712E model. Unlike electric CVT systems built by other companies such as Aisin AW, JATCO’s product is based on a 7-speed AT (FR7AT) and replaces the torque converter with a one-motor two-clutch design (switching between engine and motor power).

Development and manufacturing related:

  • In recent years, new product development and production equipment investment has been focused on its mainstay mechanical CVT (especially CVT8 for the China market), and there seems to be no development trend or capital investment activity regarding step-type AT.

 

ZF Friedrichshafen AG

Business summary:

  • ZF Friedrichshafen AG is a global supplier of driveline and chassis systems through its powertrain technologies division, with production plants in Germany and China.
  • The company’s supply activities are not limited to passenger vehicles, as it also handles various components for commercial vehicles (through its commercial vehicle technology division), special purpose vehicles, and railway carriages. In particular the company has a roughly 50% share of the global AT market for large buses, supplying auto makers in every country.
  • In December 2013 the powertrain technology division, which produces AT, MT, and DCT systems, comprised about 60% of total company sales, but by December 2016 this number had shrunk to just 20%. This drop can be attributed to stagnant sales in the division, as well as the rise of the active and passive safety division, which grew rapidly after the acquisition of U.S. TRW and the establishment of ZF TRW, due to increased demand for ADAS and other safety technologies.
  • Although the company is based in Europe where MT systems are more popular, it has a lineup that includes 6, 8, and 9-speed ATs, with a 9-speed FF AT (9HP series) being introduced to improve fuel economy. The first model to adopt a 9-speed system was the Range Rover Evoque, followed by Chrysler’s Jeep Cherokee/Renegade and Chrysler 200 models in 2015.
  • The most common AT supplied is the 8-speed system (8HP series), with BMW, Audi, and Chrysler adopting it for their high-end luxury models. Among these customers Chrysler is starting to switch to more in-house production of systems licensed from ZF (details in the Chrysler section). This form of product licensing is one weapon in ZF’s global strategy arsenal.
  • The 9-speed AT made by ZF was first adopted for the Acura TLX launched in the North American market in 2014, and in February 2015 the 9-speed AT made by ZF was adopted for the Acura MDX. Since then, it is being rolled out for other Honda North American models equipped with 3.5L V6 engines models and is currently in production. However, in recent years there seems to be tendency for new product development to place more emphasis on DCT rather than step-type AT.

Recent activities:

  In recent years, ZF Friedrichshafen has been active in autonomous driving and has not been engaged in any significant activities with regards to step-type AT, but below is briefly listed a number activities that have occurred since 2019.

  1. Development of new step-type AT: New 8-speed AT for mild hybrid vehicles, hybrid vehicles, and plug-in hybrid vehicles
    • Scheduled to start production at Saarbruecken Plant in Germany in 2022, with the power electronics components to be completely integrated into the transmission housing while maintaining the external dimensions
    • Integrates electric drive and can be deployed across almost all segments of vehicles that adopt a front vertical engine layout
    • The company has received orders from BMW and plans to start production at ZF's Saarbrucken Plant in Germany, followed by production at Gray Court Plant in South Carolina near the U.S. plant of BMW in Spartanburg, and ZF’s plant in Shanghai, China.
    • Selected as a global transmission supplier by FCA rear-wheel-drive and all-wheel-drive front-longitudinal drive configuration.
  2. Step-type AT strengthens business in China: In September 2019, ZF Transmissions Shanghai Co. Ltd. (ZFTS) started the manufacturing and supply of 8-speed transmission (8HP)
    • Started operation of a dedicated 8HP production line
    • Annual design and production capacity is 400,000 sets
    • Applicable to hybrid vehicles, and compatible with all-wheel drive and start-stop functions

 

Toyota In-house

  Toyota is producing 4-, 5-, and 6-speed FF AT systems at its Kinuura, Hokkaido, and Toyota Manufacturing, West Virginia, Inc. plants. Other FF (4- to 6-speed) and FR (4- to 6-, 8-, 10-speed) AT systems are procured from Aisin AW.

 

Honda In-house

  Honda manufactures all 3- to 6-speed AT systems at its Hamamatsu Plant, its U.S. subsidiaries Honda Transmission Mfg. of America, Inc. and Honda Precision Parts of Georgia, LLC, P.T. Honda Precision Parts Manufacturing in Indonesia, and Honda Auto Parts Manufacturing Co., Ltd. in China.
  The 6-speed AT was developed and first adopted on the Acura MDX in 2010. In May 2011, the company first announced its new 10-speed FF AT for downsizing turbo engines, which is expected to be adopted on many of the OEM’s models to contribute to improved fuel economy. The first model to use the new system was the all-new 2018 MY 2.0L direct injection turbo Accord, which is being produced for the U.S. market since autumn 2017. This engine has 20% better fuel economy and generates 15% more torque than others in its class, and the improved 1.0L direct injection 3-cylinder turbo version is expected to be installed on more small models in the near future. The company also plans to install new 10-speed ATs over the currently used 6-speed ones in medium and large vehicles to improve fuel economy and driving performance.
  Although not an AT system, Honda applied for a patent for an 11-speed triple clutch transmission in May 2016.

 

Mazda In-house

  With the increase in production of subcompact cars for the domestic market, most Japanese automakers are replacing AT systems with CVT. However, Mazda has decided to continue using AT systems as part of its SKYACTIV Technology platform, and is equipping many models with the 6-speed SKYACTIV-Drive, which it developed and is currently used on most passenger car models with the excluding the Roadster. Mazda manufactures both gasoline and diesel variants of the 6-speed SKYACTIV-Drive, which is installed on models such as the CX-5, Atenza, and Axela.
  The company is also continuing production of 4- and 5-speed AT units. A few models are still using 6-speed AT units procured from Aisin AW, but these are being phased out during full model changes and the transition is almost completed.
  Mazda expanded the production capacity of its Hofu Plant, bringing the annual number of SKYACTIV-Drive units up to 1.14 million units in July 2014.

 

Subaru In-house

  Subaru procures parts from JATCO to build 4- and 5-speed AT units at its Gunma manufacturing site, but has shifted many of its models to CVT systems, which it also produces in house. Some of the 6-speed AT units equipped on BRZ models are procured from Aisin AW.

 

Daihatsu In-house

  Daihatsu produces all of its 3- and 4-speed AT units at its plant in Shiga.
  In June 2015 Daihatsu opened a line in the Saga Ryuo No.1 Plant for the production of AT units for Tianjin FAW XIALI Automobile Co., Ltd., with an initial monthly capacity of 300. Daihatsu is targeting an expansion of its global supply business, and views this partnership with Tianjin FAW as the first step.

 

Suzuki In-house

  Suzuki produces only 3-speed FF AT units for minivehicles at its Kosai Plant using parts procured from JATCO. The company procures 4-speed FF AT units for the same vehicle class from JATCO, and 3- and 4-speed FR AT for the same vehicle class, as well as 4-speed AT units for vehicles with over 1.0L engine capacity, from Aisin AW.
  The CVT is the most widely adopted automatic transmission at Suzuki, but in recent years both mini and compact Suzuki models have been equipped with AGS (AMT). The representative small car "Swift" has a diverse lineup of transmission options such as CVT, step-type AT, AGS (auto gear shift) or AMT (automatic manual transmission), and MT according to grade.

 

GM In-house

  GM produces 6-speed FF and 4-, 6-, and 8-speed FR AT units in the U.S., Canada, Mexico, France, and Korea. Some 6-speed FF AT units are procured from Aisin AW (Buick Regal 2.0L). The Cadillac CTS V Sport is also equipped with an 8-speed FR AT from Aisin AW, but the majority of high-end and luxury models are equipped with 8-speed AT units produced internally by GM. The 6-speed FR AT unit for the GMC Sierra 6.6L Diesel is procured from Allison Transmission.
  GM’s new 10-speed AT was used for its sporty Chevrolet Camaro ZL1 model in 2017. This AT system was a result of joint development between Ford and GM. There were plans to install this system on eight more models by 2018. The 10-speed system is the same size as the company’s 6- and 8-speed units, and testing showed that the shift-up time was shorter than for the Porsche PDK DCT system. Furthermore, the new 10-speed system has lower friction settings than the 6- and 8-speed units so fuel economy is slightly improved. This new system highlights GM’s ability to deliver world-class hardware for automotive control systems.

 

Ford In-house

  Ford produces 4- and 6-speed FF AT units, and 4-, 5-, and 6-speed FR AT units in the U.S. and France. The 6-speed AT 6F35 and the 10-speed AT 10R80 were jointly developed with GM and manufactured separately by Ford and GM respectively.
  AT units procured from Aisin AW. The Galaxy, Mondeo, and 2.2L Diesel S-MAX in Europe also use AT units procured from Aisin AW. A new 10-speed AT unit is installed in the MY 2017 3.5L EcoBoost engine equipped Ford F-150, which went on sale in autumn 2016. The 10-speed AT replaces the 6-speed unit from the previous version. The company has invested USD 1.4 billion into its Livonia, Michigan Plant to produce the 10-speed system.
  Ford applied for a patent for an 11-speed AT unit in 2015, indicating its intention to continue adding more speed levels to its transmission systems. However, as of January 2020, Ford’s 11-speet AT unit has not gone into production.

 

Chrysler In-house

  Chrysler produces 4- and 6-speed FF AT units, and 4-, 5-, 6-, 8-, and 9-speed FR AT units in the U.S. Among these, the FR 8- and 9-speed units for V6 and V8 engines are licensed from ZF. AT units were previously being procured from ZF for the 2012 model Dodge Charger and the Chrysler 300 V6 models.
  In September 2012 Chrysler started the casting and assembly of AT units at its plant in Kokomo, Indiana for the 2013 model of the Chrysler 300. The shift  in procurement from ZF to in-house production continued in 2014, with 19 models, including the Dodge Durango, Ram 1500, and Jeep Cherokee, being equipped with internally produced AT units. In 2015 the company mated the ATs manufactured in-house on its HEMI engine series V8 equipped on the Dodge Charger, Dodge Challenger, and Dodge Challenger SRT models.

 

Daimler In-house / Star Assembly SRL

  With regards to automatic transmissions, the most common are step-type AT and DCT. Depending on the characteristics of the vehicle model, either step-type AT or DCT are used accordingly, or both are established in parallel.

Step-type AT overview and products:

  • Daimler produces all of its 5- and 7-speed AT units in Germany. It was the first company in the world to install a 7-speed AT in 2003.
  • Daimler announced in April 2016 that its Romanian subsidiary Star Assembly had begun production of a new 9-speed AT unit, known as the 9G-TRONIC, at its plant in Sebes, Romania. This new transmission unit is designed for luxury vehicles, and is compatible with rear and four wheel drives, HVs, and PHVs. It is currently equipped on the Mercedes-Benz E 350 BlueTEC, the GLE Coupe, and the E-Class.
  • Production of the newly developed 8-speed step-type AT "8G-TRONIC" started at the end of 2018, and it is equipped on the A-class diesel models Mercedes-Benz A200d and A220d (W177).

Production Related:

  • The 7-speed "7G-TRONIC" AT is manufactured at Daimler's Stuttgart-Untertuerkheim Plant, while the 9-speed "9G-TRONIC" AT and the 8-speed "8G-TRONIC" AT are manufactured by Star Assembly in Romania.

 

PSA In-house

  PSA produces 4-speed FF AT units in France. 6-speed FF AT units are procured from Aisin AW.
  The AL4 4-speed AT units produced at the PSA Valenciennes Plant are the result of joint development between Citroen and Renault. PSA and Renault shared the EUR 2.75 billion costs of the project in 1997. The system weighs 70kg and is capable of outputting 330Nm of torque (210Nm for the first version). 70% of the units produced at the factory are for export to China. 50% of Peugeot and Citroen brand vehicles sold worldwide are equipped with transmissions made at the Valenciennes Plant.

 

Renault In-house

  The Renault and PSA joint venture company Societe de Transmissions Automatiques S.A., 80% owned by Renault and 20% by PSA, produces 4-speed FF AT units. 6-speed FF AT units are procured from JATCO.

1. Japanese automakers and their suppliers (including in-house production, excluding OEM supply)

(○) indicates past delivery history

  Aisin
AW
Aisin
Seiki
JATCO ZF Toyota
in-house
Honda
in-house
Mazda
in-house
SUBARU
in-house
Daihatsu
in-house
Suzuki
in-house
Daimler
in-house
Toyota              
Nissan                   (○)
Honda                  
Mazda (○) (○)              
SUBARU             (○)      
Mitsubishi   (○)                
Suzuki               (○)  
Daihatsu                    

 

2. U.S. automakers and their suppliers (including in-house production)

(○) indicates past delivery history

  Aisin AW Aisin
Seiki
ZF GM
in-house
FORD-GM
in-house
Chrysler
in-house
Allison
GM (○)        
Ford          
Chrysler     (○)  

 

3. European automakers and their suppliers (including in-house production, excluding OEM supply)

(○) indicates past delivery history

  Aisin AW JATCO ZF Ford-GM
in-house
Daimler PSA
in-house
Renault
in-house
in-house Star Assembly
AlfaRomeo              
Aston Martin              
Audi            
AvtoVAZ              
Bentley              
BMW            
BMW (MINI)              
Citroen            
Daimler
(Mercedes / Maybach)
           
Fiat            
Ford-Europe (○)            
Jaguar              
Land Rover              
Lotus              
Maserati              
Peugeot           (○)  
Porsche (○)            
Renault            
Rolls-Royce              
SEAT              
Skoda              
Volvo              
VW   (○)          



Ⅳ. List of AT units by vehicle model and supplier status

1. Japanese OEMs

Toyota

Region Maker Model Model Year Supplier Part Name
Japan Toyota 86 2016 Aisin AW 6-speed automatic transmission (FA20)
Japan Toyota Alphard / Vellfire 2016 Aisin AW 8-speed automatic transmission (FF)
North America Toyota Camry (USA) 2018 Aisin AW 8-speed automatic transmission (FF)
Japan Toyota Crown 2019 Aisin AW 8-speed automatic transmission (FR)
Japan Toyota Harrier 2018 Toyota Motor Hokkaido 6-speed automatic transmission
Japan Toyota Hiace Wagon 2016 Aisin AW 6-speed automatic transmission
North America Toyota Highlander 2020 Aisin AW 8-speed automatic transmission
Japan Toyota Land Cruiser 2016 Aisin AW 6-speed automatic transmission
Japan Toyota Land Cruiser Prado 2016 Aisin AW 6-speed automatic transmission
Europe Toyota Supra 2020 ZF Friedrichshafen 8-speed automatic transmission (FR) (8HP51)
Japan Toyota Lexus GS350 2016 Aisin AW 8-speed automatic transmission (FR)(AWR8L35)
Japan Toyota Lexus IS300 2018 Aisin AW 8-speed automatic transmission
Japan Toyota Lexus IS350 2016 Aisin AW 8-speed automatic transmission (FR) (AWR8L35)
Japan Toyota Lexus LC500 2019 Aisin AW High capacity FR10-speed automatic transmission
Japan Toyota Lexus LC500h 2018 Aisin AW High capacity FR multi-stage hybrid transmission (Step 4AT + e-CVT)
Japan Toyota Lexus LS500 2019 Aisin AW High capacity FR10-speed automatic transmission
Japan Toyota Lexus LX570 2016 Aisin AW 8-speed automatic transmission
Japan Toyota Lexus NX300 2018 Toyota Motor Hokkaido 6-speed automatic transmission
Japan Toyota Lexus RC F 2016 Aisin AW 8-speed automatic transmission
Japan Toyota Lexus RC300 2018 Aisin AW 8-speed automatic transmission
Japan Toyota Lexus RC350 2016 Aisin AW 8-speed automatic transmission (FR)
Japan Toyota Lexus RX300 2018 Toyota Motor Hokkaido 6-speed automatic transmission
North America Toyota Lexus RX350 (Canada) 2016 Aisin AW 8-speed automatic transmission (AWF8F35)
Japan Toyota Lexus RX350 (Japan) 2016 Aisin AW Automatic transmission (AWF8F35)

Nissan

Region Maker Model Model Year Supplier Part Name
Japan Nissan Cima Hybrid 2018 JATCO 7-speed automatic transmission (VQ35HR HM34)
Europe Nissan Datsun on-DO (Russia) 2016 JATCO Automatic transmission
Japan Nissan Fairlady Z / 370Z 2018 JATCO 7-speed AT for mid-size and large FR vehicles (VQ37VHR)
North America Nissan Frontier (USA) 2016 JATCO 5-speed automatic transmission for mid-size and large vehicles
Japan Nissan Fuga 2018 JATCO 7-speed automatic transmission (VQ37VHR)
Japan Nissan Fuga Hybrid 2018 JATCO Transmission for hybrid FR vehicles (VQ35HR HM34)
Japan Nissan NV150 AD (Japan) 2017 JATCO 4-speed automatic transmission (4WD) (HR16 1.6L)
Japan Nissan NV200 Vanette Wagon 2018 JATCO 4-speed automatic transmission (HR16DE)
Japan Nissan NV350 Caravan Wagon 2018 JATCO 5-speed automatic transmission for mid-size and large vehicles (QR25DE)
Japan Nissan Patrol 2015 JATCO 7-speed automatic transmission
Japan Nissan Skyline Hybrid 2020 JATCO 7-speed automatic transmission (VQ35HR HM34)
Japan Nissan Skyline V6 Turbo 2020 JATCO 7-speed automatic transmission (VR30DDTT)
North America Nissan Titan XD (Petrol) 2017 JATCO RWD 7-speed automatic transmission
North America Nissan Titan XD (Diesel) 2017 Aisin Seiki (Aisin Drivetrain) RWD 6-speed automatic transmission
Japan Nissan Infiniti Q50 Hybrid 2018 JATCO 7-speed transmission for hybrid FR vehicles (VQ35HR HM34)
Japan Nissan Infiniti Q60 2018 JATCO 7-speed automatic transmission (VR30DDTT)
Japan Nissan Infiniti Q70L (China) 2016 JATCO Transmission for hybrid FR vehicle
Japan Nissan Infiniti QX80 2018 JATCO 7-speed automatic transmission (VK56VD)

Mazda

Region Maker Model Model Year Supplier Part Name
Japan Mazda CX-3 2016 Mazda 6-speed automatic transmission (SKYACTIV-DRIVE)
Japan Mazda CX-30 2020 Mazda 6-speed automatic transmission (SKYACTIV-DRIVE)
Japan Mazda CX-5 2017 Mazda 6-speed automatic transmission (SKYACTIV-DRIVE)
Japan Mazda CX-8 2018 Mazda 6-speed automatic transmission (SKYACTIV-DRIVE)
Japan Mazda CX-9 2017 Mazda 6-speed automatic transmission (SKYACTIV-DRIVE)
Japan Mazda Mazda 2 2020 Mazda 6-speed automatic transmission (SKYACTIV-DRIVE)
Japan Mazda Mazda 3 2020 Mazda 6-speed automatic transmission (SKYACTIV-DRIVE)
Japan Mazda Mazda 6 Sedan 2020 Mazda 6-speed automatic transmission (SKYACTIV-DRIVE)
Japan Mazda Mazda 6 Wagon 2020 Mazda 6-speed automatic transmission (SKYACTIV-DRIVE)
Japan Mazda Roadster 2016 Aisin AW 6-speed automatic transmission

Suzuki

Region Maker Model Model Year Supplier Part Name
Europe Magyar Suzuki Escudo / Vitara (Hungary) 2016 Aisin AW 6-speed automatic transmission
Japan Suzuki Every Wagon
Nissan NV100 Clipper Rio
Mitsubishi Town Box
Mazda Scrum Wagon
2016 JATCO 4-speed automatic transmission
Japan Suzuki Every Wagon
Nissan NV100 Clipper Rio
Mitsubishi Town Box
Mazda Scrum Wagon
2016 Aisin AW 4-speed automatic transmission
Japan Suzuki Jimny 2019 Aisin AW 4-speed automatic transmission (with auxiliary gearbox)
Japan Suzuki Jimny Sierra 2019 Aisin AW 4-speed automatic transmission (with auxiliary gearbox)
Japan Suzuki Swift RSt 2017 Aisin AW 6-speed automatic transmission
Japan Suzuki Swift Sport 2018 Aisin AW 6-speed automatic transmission

Honda, Subaru, Mitsubishi Motors, Daihatsu

Region Maker Model Model Year Supplier Part Name
North America Honda Odyssey (USA) 2020 Honda Precision Parts of Georgia, LLC (HPPG, USA) 10-speed automatic transmission
North America Honda Pilot (USA) 2016 ZF Friedrichshafen 9-speed automatic transmission
North America Honda Acura TLX (USA) 2015 ZF Friedrichshafen 9-speed automatic transmission
Japan Subaru BRZ 2016 Aisin AW 6-speed automatic transmission (FA20)
Japan Mitsubishi Delica D:5 2019 Aisin AW 8-speed automatic transmission (4N14 for diesel engine-equipped models)
Japan Mitsubishi Pajero 2016 Aisin AW 5-speed automatic transmission
Japan Daihatsu Atrai Wagon
Subaru Dias Wagon
2016 Daihatsu 4-speed automatic transmission


Ⅴ. List of facilities of major AT manufacturers (including in-house production)

AT Maker Country Facility Name Location Parts Produced
Aisin Seiki Japan Ogawa Plant Anjo (Aichi) AT, clutch cover, clutch disc
U.S. Aisin Drivetrain, Inc. Crothersville, IN AT (for commercial vehicles), power steering column
Aisin AW Japan Headquarters Anjo (Aichi) AT
Japan Tahara Plant Tahara (Aichi) AT
Japan Okazaki Plant Okazaki (Aichi) AT
Japan Gamagori Plant Gamagori (Aichi) AT components
Japan Okazaki East Plant Okazaki (Aichi) AT
Japan Aisin AW Industries Co., Ltd. Echizen (Fukui)

AT components

Japan Aisin Kiko Co., Ltd. Kariya 'Aichi) AT components
Headquarters, Kira (Aichi)
U.S. AW North Carolina, Inc. Durham, NC AT
U.S. AW Technical Center U.S.A., Inc. Ann Arbor, MI R&D for AT, car navigation systems
Belgium AW Europe S.A. Braine-l'Alleud AT electronic components
Belgium AW Technical Center Europe S.A. Braine-l'Alleud R&D for AT, car navigation systems
China (Tianjin AW Automatic Transmission Co., Ltd.) Tianjin AT
China (AW Tianjin Automotive Parts Co., Ltd.) Tianjin AT
China (AW Suzhou Co., Ltd.) Suzhou AT
China (AW Suzhou Technical Center Co., Ltd.) Suzhou AT design and evaluation
JATCO Japan Fuji Area Plant Fuji (Shizuoka) 4-speed AT for FF/FR
Japan Kambara Area Plant Shizuoka (Shizuoka) 4-speed AT for FF
Japan Fujinomiya Area Plant Fujinomiya (Shizuoka) 5-speed and 7-speed AT for FR
Japan Kakegawa Area Plant Kakegawa (Shizuoka) 3-speed and 4-speed for mini FF
Japan Kyoto Area Plant Kyoto (Kyoto) 3-, 4-, and 5-speed AT for FF; 4- and 5-speed AT for FR
Japan Yagi Area Plant Nantan (Kyoto) 6-speed AT for FF
ZF Germany ZF Getriebe GmbH Saarbrucken AT
China ZF Transmissions Shanghai Co. Ltd. Shanghai AT
Toyota In-house Japan Kinuura Plant Hekinan (Aichi) AT
Japan Toyota Motor Hokkaido Co., Ltd. Tomakomai (Hokkaido) 4-speed AT for FF (U340)
6-speed AT for FF (U660)
U.S. Toyota Motor Manufacturing, West Virginia, Inc. Buffalo, WV AT
Honda In-house Japan Transmission Factory, Hamamatsu Plant Hamamatsu (Shizuoka) AT
U.S. Honda Transmission Mfg. of America, Inc. Russells Point, OH AT
U.S. Honda Precision Parts of Georgia, LLC Tallapoosa, GA AT
Indonesia P.T. Honda Precision Parts Manufacturing Jakarta Utara AT
China (Honda Auto Parts Manufacturing Co., Ltd.) Foshan (Guangdong) AT
Mazda In-house Japan Hofu Plant Hofu (Yamaguchi) AT
Subaru In-house Japan Gunma Oizumi Plant (Gunma Plant) Oizumi (Gunma) AT
Daihatsu In-house Japan Shiga (Ryuo) Plant Ryuo (Shiga) AT
Suzuki In-house Japan Kosai Plant Kosai (Shizuoka) AT
GM In-house U.S. Warren Transmission Plant Warren, MI AT
U.S. Toledo Transmission Plant Toledo, OH AT
Mexico Ramos Arizpe Plant Ramos Arizpe, Coahuila AT
Mexico Silao Plant Guanajuato AT
Mexico San Luis Potosi Plant San Luis Potosi AT
Ford In-house U.S. Livonia Transmission Plant Livonia, MI AT
U.S. Sharonville Transmission Plant Cincinnati, OH AT
U.S. Van Dyke Transmission Plant Sterling Heights, MI AT
France Bordeaux Transmissions Plant Blanquefort AT
Chrysler In-house U.S. Kokomo Transmission Plant Kokomo, IN AT
U.S. Indiana Transmission Plant I Kokomo, IN AT
U.S. Indiana Transmission Plant II Kokomo, IN AT
Daimler In-house Germany Stuttgart-Untertuerkheim Plant Stuttgart AT
Romania Star Assembly
(Daimler: 100%)
Sebes AT (9G-TRONIC)
PSA In-house France Valenciennes Mechanical Component Plant Valenciennes AT
Renault In-house France Societe de Transmissions Automatiques S.A. (STA) Ruitz AT

List compiled from public materials.

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