China's new vehicle sales: OEMs' plans rise to about 20 million in 2011 up about 2 million from 2010

Major passenger car manufacturers aim at sales of more than 14.8 million

2011/03/04

Summary

 In 2010, total auto sales in China increased by 32% year-on-year (including exports and excluding imports sold) to 18.06 million (up by 4.42 million), becoming the largest in the world for two consecutive years. Among them, passenger car sales grew by 33% to 13.76 million (up 3.43 million) and commercial vehicle sales increased by 30% to 4.3 million (up 0.99 million).

 In January 2011, CAAM (China Association of Automobile Manufacturers) announced a forecast for 2011 saying that auto sales would increase by 10-15% year-on-year to around 20 million.

 Also in January 2011, the Market Research Department of the Economic Consulting Center, which is under the umbrella of the Chinese government-affiliated information think tank, the "State Information Center (SIC)," announced a forecast for 2011 saying that passenger cars would increase by about 14% (calculated to be 15.68 million) and commercial vehicles by about 9% (4.69 million), namely around 20.37 million in total.

 The sales plan for 2011 announced by February 2011 by OEM groups in China have already amounted to 19.5 million (including 14.8 million passenger cars).

Change of China's auto sales volume including exports by category of vehicle
(Note) 1. Category of vehicle is based on the new classification introduced in 2005. Commercial vehicle and vehicle total include chassis and semi-trailers. This also applies to the following tables.
2. The 2011 auto sales forecast of 20.37 million (15.68 million of passenger cars and 4.69 million of commercial vehicles) are calculated from the growth rate forecast for passenger cars and commercial vehicles (up about 14% for passenger cars and up about 9% for commercial vehicles from 2010), which Liu Ming, the director of Market Research Department of Economic Consulting Center, which is under the umbrella of the State Information Center, announced in January 2011.


China's domestic production and new vehicle sales in 2010 surpassed the 18 million-mark, the largest in the world for two consecutive years

 In 2010, production of vehicles in China totaled 18.27 million (up 32% year-on-year, or 4.47 million), which consists of 13.9 million passenger cars (up 34%, or 3.51 million) and 4.37 million commercial vehicles (up 28%, or 0.96 million), exceeding 18 million for the first time.

 In the meantime, concerning sales of new vehicles including exports (excluding imports sold), new passenger cars sold 13.76 million (up 33% year-on-year, or 3.43 million) and commercial vehicles sold 4.3 million (up 30%, or 0.99 million). The total auto sales were 18.06 million (up 32%, or 4.42 million).

 Among passenger cars, sales growth rate of minivans declined sharply from 83.4% in 2009 to 27.8% and those of sedans and hatchbacks shrank from 48% to 27%. On the other hand, sales of SUVs and MPVs grew remarkably from 47% to 101% and from 26% to 79%, respectively.

 Looking at figures by groups (please refer to the following table "Chinese OEM groups: sales results in 2009/2010, and plans for 2011."), SAIC Motor Corp. sold 3.56 million, exceeding the 3.5 million-mark, and took first place. Dongfeng Motor Corp followed SAIC Motor Corp. with sales of 2.72 million. Dongfeng Motor widened the gap from FAW Group (with sales of 2.56 million) and Changan Automobile Group (2.38 million), both of which sold more than 2 million, to 160,000 and 350,000, respectively (in 2009, the gap was 50,000 and 130,000, respectively).

China's new vehicle sales and domestic production results

(units)
  New vehicle sales Domestic production
Unit sales Export included 2009 2010
2008 2009 2010 2008/ 2009 (%) 2009/ 2010 (%) 2009 2010
Sedan and Hatchback (2/3box) 5,046,934 7,473,106 9,494,269 48.1 27.0 108,104 178,003 7,471,194 9,575,890
MPV 197,393 248,943 445,407 26.1 78.9 3,317 8,668 250,724 451,028
SUV 447,722 658,821 1,326,036 47.1 101.3 26,940 73,223 657,871 1,337,947
Minivan 1,063,560 1,950,445 2,492,082 83.4 27.8 11,195 23,037 2,004,042 2,532,218
Passenger car total 6,755,609 10,331,315 13,757,794 52.9 33.2 149,556 282,931 10,383,831 13,897,083
Large-sized bus 44,006 47,175 68,814 7.2 45.9 20,242 29,504 47,641 69,208
Medium-sized bus 79,107 81,948 89,882 3.6 9.7 81,569 92,395
Light-sized bus 217,492 224,931 284,355 3.4 26.4 228,783 285,618
Bus total Chassis included 340,605 87,756 354,054 82,791 443,051 86,874 3.9 -5.7 25.1 4.9 20,242 1,948 29,504 1,302 357,993 81,965 447,221 88,576
Semi-trailer 194,155 211,106 354,623 8.7 68.1 9,270 19,864 208,218 362,526
Heavy-duty truck 346,293 425,065 662,810 22.7 55.9 153,303 212,575 431,667 696,109
Medium-duty truck 207,109 257,966 271,766 24.6 5.3 269,601 268,982
Light-duty truck 1,199,903 1,559,598 1,959,807 30.0 25.7 1,622,068 1,972,937
Mini-duty truck 292,652 505,690 612,085 72.8 21.0 517,616 619,809
Truck total Chassis included 2,240,112 449,585 2,959,425 498,176 3,861,091 675,173 32.1 10.8 30.5 35.5 162,573 12,101 232,439 8,618 3,049,170 514,692 3,920,363 703,059
Commercial vehicle total 2,580,717 3,313,479 4,304,142 28.4 29.9 182,815 261,943 3,407,163 4,367,584
Grand total CKD assembly included 9,336,326 136,902 13,644,794 243,230 18,061,936 321,493 46.1 77.7 32.4 32.2 332,371 0 544,874 0 13,790,994 245,425 18,264,667 322,834

(Notes) New vehicle sales do not include imports.

In 2010, China exported 545,000 (up 63.9% year-on-year) while it imported 814,000 (up 93.3%)

 In 2010, China's export of vehicles (including chassis for commercial vehicles and semi-trailers) grew by 63.9% year-on-year to 545,000, which consists of 283,000 passenger cars (up 89.2% year-on-year) and 262,000 commercial vehicles (up 43.3%).

 Among passenger cars, PCs (2/3box: sedans and hatchbacks) accounted for 178,000 (up 64.7% year-on-year, or 69,900), 8,700 MPVs (up 161%, or 5,400), 73,200 SUVs (up 171.8%, or 46,000), and 23,000 minivan (up 105.8%, or 12,000).

 Among commercial vehicles, buses accounted for 29,500 (up 45.8% year-on-year, or 9,000), semi trailers accounted for 19,900 (up 114.3%, or 10,000), and other trucks accounted for 213,000 (up 38.7%, or 59,000). On the other hand, exports of chassis for buses and for trucks declined by 33.2% and 28.8% year-on-year to 1,302 and 8,618, respectively.

 In the meantime, imports of vehicles increased by 93.3% year-on-year to 814,000 (up 99.7% year-on-year to USD30.64 billion on the basis of the financial amount). Among them, SUVs took first place, accounting for 351,000 (up 69.45% year-on-year) and PCs (2/3box) accounted for 344,000 (up 110%) and small buses 89,900 (up 150%).

 Concerning the country of origin, Japan took the first place (255,000, up 75.5% year-on-year), followed by Germany (239,000, up 140%), Korea (87,000), the USA (80,000), the UK (43,000), Mexico (31,000), Czech (25,000), Belgium (11,000), Austria (11,000), and Portugal (6,500).

 



China's new vehicle sales are forecast to exceed 20 million in 2011 (up about 2 million year-on-year)

 The sales plan for 2011 announced by OEMs or OEM groups in China by February 2011 (some have not announced) has already reached 19.5 million (Sales of OEMs and OEM groups that have announced their plans account for 96.2% in the total sales volume in 2010).

 Among them, SAIC Motor Corp. plans to sell more than 4 million. The top three OEMs in the 2010 new vehicle sales rankings, which include Dongfeng Motor Corp. (2.9 million) and FAW Group (2.76 million), plan to increase their total sales by about 880,000. In addition, BAIC Group plans to increase sales by 310,000 (or 21%), JAC Group by 220,000 (or 48.3%), and Great Wall Motor by 150,000 (or 38.4%), each aiming to boost sales significantly.

 Moreover, Dong Yang, the vice-president of CAAM (China Association of Automobile Manufacturers), at the China ICE Industry Forum 2010 held in November 2010, forecast that China's auto sales would amount to 30 million in 2015 including 5 million of exports.

 In the meantime, Chairman Rao Da, the head of the China Passenger Cars Association, forecast that passenger car sales would decline more than 10% in China in 2011 (at least 2 million fewer than in 2010). Concerning categories of vehicles, the Chairman said that sales of MPVs/SUVs and import cars would increase slightly, whereas there are negative growth factors in 2011 for compact PCs (2/3box: sedans and hatchbacks) and minivans, including termination of subsidies at the end of 2010 and the rush demand in line with the termination. In addition, he pointed out various negative factors such as a slowdown of the Chinese economy, rising fuel prices due to high crude oil prices, restriction of new vehicle registration in big cities including Beijing in order to reduce traffic jams, and higher auto taxes.

Chinese OEM groups: sales results in 2009/2010, and plans for 2011

(units)
  Passenger car Commercial vehicle Total
2009 2010 2009 2010 2009 2010 2011 (plan)
  2009/ 2010
SAIC Motor Corp. 2,503,533 3,309,418 201,924 249,022 2,705,457 3,558,440 31.5% 4,070,000
Dongfeng Motor Corp. 1,447,853 1,977,317 554,961 747,498 2,002,814 2,724,815 36.0% 2,900,000
China FAW Group 1,636,122 2,159,178 312,902 404,588 1,949,024 2,563,766 31.5% 2,760,000
Changan Automobile Group 1,458,787 1,843,991 411,015 534,807 1,869,802 2,378,798 27.2% 2,400,000
BAIC Group 615,299 768,115 627,681 721,750 1,242,980 1,489,865 19.9% 1,800,000
GAC Group 666,265 768,252 21,081 47,955 687,346 816,207 18.7% 900,000
Chery Automobile 500,303 674,774 0 7,286 500,303 682,060 36.3% 812,000
BYD Auto 448,397 519,806 0 0 448,397 519,806 15.9% 600,000
Brilliance Automobile Group 190,552 272,413 157,755 228,956 348,307 501,369 43.9% 600,000
JAC Group 123,360 200,031 198,480 258,451 321,840 458,482 42.5% 680,000
Geely Holding Group 329,104 416,168 0 0 329,104 416,168 26.5% 491,000
Great Wall Motor 155,117 294,181 70,823 103,181 225,940 397,362 75.9% 550,000
China National Heavy Duty Truck Group (CNHTC) 0 0 155,702 218,800 155,702 218,800 40.5% 230,000
Fujian Automobile Group 82,057 125,509 49,320 71,164 142,088 196,673 38.4% 200,000
Zotye Holding Group 2,545 128,698  0 0 2,545 128,698 4956.9% n.a.
Lifan Industry (Group) 44,482 67,909 51,968 56,914 96,450 124,823 29.4% 137,000
Shaanxi Automobile Group 0 1,947 80,547 118,242 80,547 120,189 49.2% 130,000
Sichuan Nanjun Automobile 0 0 72,373 82,487 72,373 82,487 14.0% n.a.
Hawtai Automobile Group 50,875 81,439 0 0 50,875 81,439 60.1% n.a.
Haima Automobile Group 26,588 69,168 22 0 26,610 69,168 159.9% n.a.
TangJunOuLing Shandong Automobile 0 0 61,677 68,554 61,677 68,554 11.2% n.a.
Qingling Motor Group 969 1,214 49,126 63,824 50,095 65,038 29.8% 50,000
Zhongxing Automobile 13,399 17,437 35,137 46,071 48,536 63,508 30.8% n.a.
Baotou Beiben Heavy-Duty Truck 0 0 28,018 45,575 28,018 45,575 62.7% 55,000
Zhejiang Flyday Automobile 3,895 8,294 15,617 34,893 19,512 43,187 121.3% n.a.
Zhengzhou Yutong Group 0 0 26,673 39,912 26,673 39,912 49.6% n.a.
Dandong Huanghai Automobile 8,129 15,843 15,933 23,282 24,062 39,125 62.6% n.a.
Young Man Automobile Group 21,231 28,555 2,021 2,941 23,252 31,496 35.5% 56,000
Xingma Automobile Group 0 0 18,271 30,452 18,271 30,452 66.7% 40,000
Hubei Tri-ring Special Truck 0 0 16,940 16,974 16,940 16,974 0.2% 20,000
Chengdu Dayun Automobile Group 0 0 6,616 13,347 6,616 13,347 101.7% 20,000
YTO Group Corp. 0 0 11,862 9,569 11,862 9,569 -19.3% 8,000
Chengdu Xindadi Automobile 1,232 0 12,779 8,951 14,011 8,951 -36.1% n.a.
Others 1,221 8,137 46,255 48,696 36,765 56,833 54.6% n.a.
Total 10,331,315 13,757,794 3,313,479 4,304,142 13,644,794 18,061,936 32.4% Over 19,509,000
(Note) 1. Figure for SAIC Motor Corp. includes Nanjing Automobile Group. That for Dongfeng Motor Corp. includes Shandong KAMA Automobile. That for FAW Group includes FAW Haima Motor and Tianjin Meiya Automobile. That for Changan Automobile Group includes Jiangling Motor Holding, Hafei Motor, Changhe Automobile, Changhe Suzuki Automobile, Dong'an Heibao, and Taiyuan Changan Heavy-duty Truck. That for GAC Group includes GAC Changfeng Motor, Honda Automobile (China), and GAC Gonow Automobile. That for BYD Auto includes Changsha BYD Bus. That for Geely Holding Group includes Shanghai Maple Automobile. That for China National Heavy Duty Truck Group includes Chengdu Wangpai Commercial Vehicle. That for Fujian Automobile Group includes Xiamen King Long Motor Group. That for Zotye Holding Group includes Hunan Jiangnan Automobile. And that for Xingma Automobile Group includes Hualing Automobile.
2. The groups are listed in descending order of the 2010 sales volume.
3. Sales figures include exports, and do not include imports. Commercial vehicle includes chassis and semi-trailers.
4. The 2011 plan is a target volume as announced by each manufacturer (Some have not announced).
5. Others around bottom of the table shows a total of OEM groups, each of which sold zero or less than 8,000 in 2010.

 



In 2011, the total sales target of passenger cars by each OEM exceeds 14.8 million (up about 1 million year-on-year)

 When we sum up the 2011 sales target of passenger cars announced by passenger car manufacturers (some have not announced), it has already amounted to 14.8 million (Sales of these passenger car manufacturers that have announced their targets account for 97.5% in the total sales in 2010). Among them, SAIC Motor Corp. plans 3.88 million, close to the 4 million-mark. SAIC Motor Corp. is followed by FAW Group (2.34 million) and Dongfeng Motor Corp. (2.03 million), both of which also exceed the 2 million-mark.

 Looking at each OEM further, four OEMs target more than 1 million - SAIC-GM-Wuling Automobile targets 1.3 million, Shanghai VW 1.2 million, Shanghai GM 1.15 million, and FAW-VW 1 million, followed by Changan Automobile Co., Ltd. 920,000, Chery Automobile 800,000, Dongfeng Nissan Passenger Vehicle 772,000, Beijing Hyundai Motor 720,000, BYD Auto 600,000, and FAW Toyota Motor Sales 550,000 (including about 5,000 of midsize bus).

China: Passenger car sales results and plan for 2011 by OEM

OEM Passenger car sales results (unit, imports are not included) 2011 plan (1,000 units) Remarks
2008 2009 2010
Shanghai VW 490,087 728,238 1,001,357 1,200  The former Nanjing Fiat was reorganized to the current Shanghai VW's Nanjing branch factory.
Former Nanjing Fiat 1,139
Shanghai GM 444,756 708,356 1,012,057 1,150  The figure for the 2011 plan is a total of the Jinqiao main plant, Shanghai GM Dong Yue's Yantai branch factory, and Shanghai GM Norsom's Shenyang branch factory.
SAIC-GM-Wuling Automobile 586,036 976,808 1,135,604 1,300  The figure for the 2011 plan includes the Qingdao branch plant in Shandong province.
SAIC Motor Passenger Vehicle 35,239 90,131 160,400 230  The figure for the 2011 plan includes more than 60,000 MG vehicles and more than 150,000 Roewe vehicles).
Wuxi Soyat 79 0 0 0  It is currently being reorganized into a LCV plant under the group.
SAIC Motor Corp. total 1,557,336 2,503,533 3,309,418 3,880  The figure for the 2011 plan is a total of the plan of each company in the group.
FAW-VW 498,953 669,180 869,979 1,000  The figure for the 2011 plan includes 270,000-290,000 Audi vehicles (more than 110,000 Audi A6L).
FAW Toyota Motor Sales 366,045 417,299 505,931 *550  The figure for the 2011 plan includes Sichuan FAW Toyota Motor's Coaster (actual sales: 5,245 in 2009 and 5,702 in 2010).
Tianjin FAW Xiali Automobile 176,638 212,222 250,360 300  The figure for the 2011 plan includes Tianjin FAW Huali Automobile, which is scheduled to resume production in 2011.
FAW-GM Light Duty Commercial Vehicle 1,899 1,157 1,270 n.a.  
FAW Jilin Automobile 26,643 56,048 119,294 *180  The 2010 actual results are about 150,000 including commercial vehicles (including about 50,000 of Xenia series and about 100,000 of the Jiabao).
FAW Car 119,812 188,141 270,944 over 340  The figure for the 2011 plan consists of 140,000 Besturn series, 130,000 Mazda6 (Atenza), 50,000 Mazda6 Ruiyi (New Atenza), and 20,000 Mazda8 (MPV). In addition, 13,000 Mazda vehicles imported and sold by FAW Mazda Automobile Sales.
FAW Haima Motor 95,943 91,063 140,332 160  
Tianjin Meiya Automobile 1,128 1,012 1,068 *50  
FAW Group total 1,287,061 1,636,122 2,159,178 over 2,340  FAW Group's plan. The figure for the 2011 plan does not agree to the total of each company.
Dongfeng-Peugeot- Citroen Automobile 178,060 270,006 373,366 425  The figure for the 2011 plan consists of 200,000 Peugeot and 225,000 Citroen vehicles.
Dongfeng Nissan Passenger Vehicle 350,520 518,968 660,999 772  Three new models are planned to be launched in 2011.
Zhengzhou Nissan Automobile 14,767 16,528 45,197 *132  The figure for the 2011 plan excludes models of which Dongfeng Nissan Passenger Vehicle consigns production.
Dongfeng Honda Automobile 164,035 210,601 260,600 280  In addition, 2,000 Civic Hybrids are imported and sold.
Dongfeng Liuzhou Motor 20,010 24,018 50,245 80  
Dongfeng-Yueda-Kia Motors 142,008 241,386 333,028 430  
Dongfeng Yu'an Automobile 74,202 147,656 226,198 *450  
Dongfeng Motor Passenger Vehicle 0 18,690 27,684 42  
Dongfeng Yulon Motor 0 0 0 n.a.  Production is scheduled to begin in 2011.
Dongfeng Motor Corp. total 943,602 1,447,853 1,977,317 over 2,030  Dongfeng Motor Corp.'s plan. The figure for the 2011 plan does not agree with the total of each company.
Changan Suzuki Automobile 124,123 150,069 200,013 230  
Changan Ford Mazda 204,674 316,139 411,493 over 420  The figure for the 2011 plan includes 110,000 Mazda vehicles.
Changan Automobile 312,035 654,696 917,472 over 920  
Jiangling Motor Holding 10,866 8,999 17,319 *over 200  The figure for the 2011 plan includes *200,000 Jinagling Motors.
Hafei Motor 151,864 193,099 158,688 *310  
Changhe Automobile 103,476 135,785 139,006 *230  
Changan Automobile Group total 907,038 1,458,787 1,843,991 over 1,900  Changan Automobile Group's target ( = to exceed the 2011 auto industry's average growth rate of about 10% year-on-year in China).
Guangqi Honda Automobile 306,230 365,623 386,031 448  
Honda Automobile (China) 45,500 28,299 25,009 n.a.  
Guangqi Toyota Motor 172,004 209,587 269,429 280  The figure for the 2011 plan totals 300,000 when 20,000 imports are included.
GAC Changfeng Motor (former Hunan Changfeng Motor) 26,886 30,139 39,048 n.a.  
GAC Passenger Vehicle 0 0 0 30  The figure for the 2011 plan includes only the first model, the Trumpch (to be produced and marketed starting in 2011).
GAC Gonow Automobile (former Gonow Automobile) 9,152 32,617 48,735 *80  
GAC Group total 559,772 666,265 768,252 over 758  GAC Group's plan. The figure for the 2011 plan does not agree to the total of each company.
Beijing Benz 22,586 19,620 38,856 80  
Beijing Hyundai Motor 294,506 570,309 703,008 720  
Beiqi Foton Motor 3,645 13,554 13,224 *892  
Beijing Automobile Works 12,063 11,816 13,027 *108  
BAIC Passenger Vehicle 0 0 0    (Planned to be produced starting in 2011)
BAIC Group total 332,800 615,299 768,115 over 800  The figure for the 2011 plan is a total of Beijing Hyundai Motor and Beijing Benz.
Chery Automobile total 356,093 500,303 674,774 800  The figure for the 2011 plan includes 150,000 exports.
BYD Auto total 170,882 448,397 519,806 600  The 2011 sales plan is reported to be 10-15% higher than 2010 results.
Geely Holding Group total 221,823 329,104 416,168 491  
Great Wall total 73,030 155,117 294,181 410  The figure for the 2011 plan totals 550,000 when commercial vehicles such as pickups are included.
Brilliance Jinbei Automobile 103,912 145,556 218,450 280  
BMW Brilliance Automotive 35,191 44,996 53,963 85  
Brilliance Automobile Group total 139,103 190,552 272,413 365  
Jianghuai Automobile Group total 58,237 123,360 200,031 300  The figure for the 2011 plan is up 50% from the 2010 actual results. In addition, the company aims to sell 35,000-40,000 of the Gallop heavy-duty truck.
Zotye Holding Group total 15,334 2,545 128,698 n.a.  Under the 2011 sales plan announced in September 2008, the company aims to sell 280,000 of its existing four models (80,000 Zotye, 100,000 Zotye 5008, 60,000 New Jiangnan, and 40,000 Multipla2 and Langyue)
Soueast Motor 35,982 82,057 114,798 *150  The figure for the 2011 plan is reported to include 140,000 passenger cars.
Fujian Benz 0 0 10,711 n.a.  
Fujian Automobile Group total 35,982 82,057 125,509 * over 150  The figure for the 2011 plan includes only Soueast Motor, which is under the umbrella.
Hawtai Automobile Group total 15,261 50,875 81,439 n.a.  
Haima Automobile total 0 26,588 69,168 n.a.  
Lifan Industrial (Group) total 39,388 44,482 67,909 over 75  The company announced that it aims to increase sales by more than 10% from 2010.
Young Man Automobile Group total 0 21,231 28,555 56  
Others 42,867 28,845 52,872 n.a.  
Grand total 6,755,609 10,331,315 13,757,794 over 14,800  
(Note) 1. In order of actual sales volume in 2010. The figure with (*) mark includes commercial vehicles. The figure includes exports if the OEM exports vehicles. The planned figures with the (*) mark, which remain to be cleared in the breakdown of passenger cars, are not included in the grand total. However, the passenger car's sales plan for 2011 of FAW Toyota Motor Sales is expected to be 540 thousand units and included in the grand total.
2. Others around the bottom of the table shows a total of 11 OEMs, each of which sold zero or less than 18,000 in 2010 (Zhongxing Automobile, Dandong Huanghai Automobile, Zhejiang Flyday Automobile, Sichuan Automobile Industry, Aerospace Chenggong Automobile, Shaanxi Automobile Group, Qingling Motor, Jiangxi Fire Truck, Chengdu Xindadi Automobile, Wuzhou Dornier Camping Vehicle, Polarsun Automobile).

 



Sales of passenger cars by base model

 Examining the base model of passenger cars sold in 2010, passenger cars based on Japanese models increased by 740,000 from 2.51 million in 2009 to 3.25 million, while their share in the total sales volume declined slightly from 24.3% to 23.7%.

 Among them, the share of models based on Daihatsu vehicles increased from 1.5% in 2009 to 2.5%. This is because sales of vehicles based on the Terios (Zotye series, up 93,000), on the Xenia (Xenia, up 40,000), and on the Charade (Xiali series, up 51,000) grew remarkably.

 In the case of European model bases, vehicle sales increased by 710,000 from 1.86 million to 2.57 million, and their share in the total sales volume grew from 18.0% to 18.6%.

 In addition, the share of Chinese models (vehicles that Chinese OEMs developed independently) in the total sales volume remains almost at the same level, declining from 39.2% in 2009 to 39.0%. Among them, the share of SAIC Motor Corp. (SAIC-GM-Wuling Automobile's minivan) shrank from 8.9% in 2009 to 7.7%. Although the overall sales of passenger cars grew by 33.2%, the sales of SAIC Motor vehicles increased only by 15.4%. (with respect to sales volume of minivans, the Wuling series continued to take the first place).

Passenger car sales by base model

Base model New car sales (unit) Share
2009 2010 2009 2010
Toyota Group 807,420 1,141,622 7.8% 8.3%
<Toyota> 650,843 800,968 6.3% 5.8%
<Daihatsu> 156,577 340,654 1.5% 2.5%
Nissan 533,784 686,853 5.2% 5.0%
Honda 604,523 671,640 5.9% 4.9%
Mazda 251,008 347,623 2.4% 2.5%
Suzuki 230,070 275,336 2.2% 2.0%
Mitsubishi 82,009 130,383 0.8% 0.9%
Isuzu 969 1,214 0.0% 0.0%
Japanese model total 2,509,783 3,254,671 24.3% 23.7%
VW Group 1,397,418 1,871,336 13.5% 13.6%
<VW> 1,121,840 1,474,734 10.9% 10.7%
<Skoda> 128,575 190,300 1.2% 1.4%
<SEAT> 0 0 0.0% 0.0%
<Audi> 147,003 206,302 1.4% 1.5%
PSA 270,006 373,366 2.6% 2.7%
<Peugeot> 110,156 149,365 1.1% 1.1%
<Citroen> 159,850 224,001 1.5% 1.6%
MG Rover 90,131 160,400 0.9% 1.2%
BMW 44,996 53,963 0.4% 0.4%
Daimler 15,921 49,567 0.2% 0.4%
Lotus 21,231 28,555 0.2% 0.2%
Volvo Cars 14,496 17,091 0.1% 0.1%
Fiat 0 6,271 0.0% 0.0%
Land Rover 1,045 4,885 0.0% 0.0%
Manganese Bronze 115 387 0.0% 0.0%
European model total 1,855,359 2,565,821 18.0% 18.6%
GM 768,356 1,089,857 7.4% 7.9%
<Chevrolet> 233,010 353,389 2.3% 2.6%
<Cadillac> 3,058 5,204 0.0% 0.0%
<Buick> 532,288 731,264 5.2% 5.3%
Ford 231,542 304,100 2.2% 2.2%
Chrysler 4,860 1,792 0.0% 0.0%
US model total 1,004,758 1,395,749 9.7% 10.1%
Hyundai Group 908,603 1,182,150 8.8% 8.6%
<Hyundai> 667,217 849,122 6.5% 6.2%
<Kia> 241,386 333,028 2.3% 2.4%
Ssangyong 1,232 0 0.0% 0.0%
Korea model total 909,835 1,182,150 8.8% 8.6%
 
Base model New car sales (unit) Share
2009 2010 2009 2010
Changan Automobile Group 905,983 1,153,975 8.8% 8.4%
SAIC Motor Corp. 916,808 1,057,804 8.9% 7.7%
Chery Automobile 500,303 674,774 4.8% 4.9%
BYD Auto 448,397 519,806 4.3% 3.8%
Geely Holding Group 328,989 415,781 3.2% 3.0%
Great Wall 155,117 294,181 1.5% 2.1%
Dongfeng Motor Corp. 168,058 273,225 1.6% 2.0%
FAW Group 203,574 271,153 2.0% 2.0%
Brilliance Automobile Group 130,892 200,337 1.3% 1.5%
Jianghuai Automobile Group 77,327 135,356 0.7% 1.0%
Fujian Automobile Group 59,320 75,794 0.6% 0.6%
Haima Automobile 26,588 69,168 0.3% 0.5%
Lifan Industrial (Group) 44,482 67,909 0.4% 0.5%
GAC Group 32,617 48,735 0.3% 0.4%
Zotye Holding Group 2,530 28,925 0.0% 0.2%
BAIC Group 22,784 23,348 0.2% 0.2%
Zhongxing Automobile 13,399 17,437 0.1% 0.1%
Dandong Huanghai Automobile 8,129 15,843 0.1% 0.1%
Others 6,283 15,852 0.1% 0.1%
Chinese model total 4,051,580 5,359,403 39.2% 39.0%
Grand total 10,331,315 13,757,794 100% 100%
(Note) 1. Sales volume includes exports and excludes imports sold. < > at the base model shows figures included.
2. Among Japanese models, Tianjin FAW Xiali Automobile's Xiali series (based on the Charade) is included in Daihatsu. Dongfeng Liuzhou Motor's own brand MPVs, Fengxing/Lingzhi (based on the Space Gear) and Jingyi (based on the Grandis), and Soueast Motor's Freeca and Veryca are included in Mitsubishi.
3. Among European models, SAIC Motor Passenger Vehicle's MG, Roewe vehicle (models based on MG Rover) is included in MG Rover. Sichuan Automobile Industry's Yema (based on Land Rover SUV) is included in Land Rover.
4. Among US models, the Korea-based GM-Daewoo (currently called GM Korea) vehicles are included in GM. Beijing Automobile Works' BJ2025 series (based on the Jeep 2025) is included in Chrysler. Chengdu Xindadi Automobile's own brand vehicle, the Dadi (based on Ssangyong SUV), is included in Ssangyong.
5. Others in Chinese model shows a total of 9 OEMs, each of which sold less than 10,000 of its own model in 2010 - Zhejiang Flyday Automobile, Guizhou Aerospace Chenggong Automobile, Shaanxi Automobile Group, FAW-GM Light Duty Commercial Vehicle, Tianjin Meiya Automobile, GAC Changfeng Motor, Jiangxi Fire Truck, and Wuzhou Dornier Camping Vehicle, Polarsun Automobile. Minivans that Chinese OEMs introduced in the past based on Suzuki/Daihatsu vehicle and that they continue to develop and improve are included in Chinese models.
6. The 2010 actual sales of imported cars by major OEMs are reported as follows.  Mercedes Benz: Slightly less than 100,000.  BMW: About 115,000 (including 26,553 units of the 7 Series)  Mini: 10,509  Audi: 30,668  VW: 43,613  Volvo Cars: 30,522  Land Rover: 23,459  Jaguar : 2,655  Lexus : About 54,000  Infiniti : About 11,000  Acura: 5,222  Subaru: About 57,000

 



The bestselling passenger cars: VW Lavida sedan, GM Cruze hatchback, and Honda CR-V SUV

 The following is the summary of passenger car sales in 2010 by category of vehicle and by model. Among sedans, the Lavida compact car, which Shanghai VW developed independently, topped car sales rankings with 252,000 (9th in 2009). The Lavida was followed by the Elantra Yuedong from Beijing Hyundai Motor with sales of 233,000 (2nd in 2009), the Jetta from FAW-VW with 224,000. Other models that sit in the high-sales rankings are the Excelle from Shanghai GM, the F3 from BYD Auto (1st in 2009), the New Bora from FAW-VW, the New Corolla from Tian FAW Toyota Motor, the Accord from Guangqi Honda Automobile, the Camry from Guangqi Toyota Motor, the Xiali 3box from Tianjin FAW Xiali Automobile, the Elantra 3box (former model) from Beijing Hyundai Motor, the Sylphy and the New Teana from Dongfeng Nissan Passenger Vehicle.

 Among hatchbacks, the Cruze from Shanghai GM's Shenyang plant sold 188,000 and was ranked as the bestselling hatchback (4th in 2009). The Cruze was followed by the QQ3 from Chery Automobile with sales of 152,000 (1st in 2009). Other models that sit in the high sales rankings are the F0 from BYD Auto, the Livina from Dongfeng Nissan Passenger Vehicle, the Focus 2box from Changan Ford Mazda Automobile, the Junjie FRV from Brilliance Jinbei Automobile, the Chevrolet Spark from SAIC-GM-Wuling Automobile, the Wagon R+ from Changhe Suzuki Automobile, the Tiida 2box from Dongfeng Nissan Passenger Vehicle.

 Regarding SUVs, the CR-V from Dongfeng Honda Automobile sold 140,000 and took the first place (1st in 2008/2009). The CR-V is followed by the Hover H from Great Wall Motor. Other models that in the upper sales rankings are the RAV4 from Tianjin FAW Toyota Motor, the Highlander from Guangqi Toyota Motor, the Santa Fe from Rongcheng Huatai Automobile, the Tiguan from Shanghai VW, the Sportage from Dongfeng-Yueda-Kia Motor, the Tiggo from Chery Automobile, the ix35 from Beijing Hyundai Motor, the Qashqai from Dongfeng Nissan Passenger Vehicle, the Tucson from Beijing Hyundai Motor.

 Looking at MPVs, the Refine from Jianghuai Automobile sold 65,000 and took the first place for two consecutive years. The Refine is followed by the GL8 from Shanghai GM's Shenyang plant. Other volume selling MPVs are Xenia from FAW Jilin Automobile, the Odyssey (2nd in 2009) from Guangqi Honda Automobile, and the Freema from FAW Haima Motor.

 Concerning minivans, the Wuling series from SAIC-GM-Wuling Automobile sold 1.058 million and took the first place (1st in 2009). The Wuling series is followed by the Changan series (723,000) from Changan Automobile, the Dongfeng Xiaokang series from Dongfeng Yu'an Automobile, the Hafei series from Hafei Motor, and the Jiabao series from FAW Jilin Automobile, which are volume sellers.

Passenger car (sedan and hatchback/MPV/SUV/minivan) sales volume by model and by OEM

(unit)
OEM/Model Sales volume
2009 2010
Shanghai VW Santana Vista 97,186 111,781
Santana B2, and others 108,462 98,363
Passat B5 1,940 0
Passat GP 111,299 130,971
Polo GP 2box 66,250 65,857
Polo GP 3box 40,051 39,919
New Polo 2box 0 8,177
Cross Polo 7,917 11,882
Lavida 146,455 251,615
Touran 20,087 22,037
Tiguan 0 70,455
Gol 2/4 door 16 0
Skoda Octavia 82,672 113,226
Skoda Fabia 31,279 39,278
Skoda Superb 14,624 37,796
Shanghai GM Dong Yue Chevrolet Sail 4 0
Sail SRV 3 0
New Sail 0 109,434
New Sail SRV 0 21,947
Chevrolet Epica 44,497 53,802
Chevrolet Aveo 9,539 5,041
Chevrolet Lova 118,967 85,365
Shanghai GM Norsom Buick GL8 40,103 52,155
Buick Cruze 92,196 187,752
Shanghai GM Buick Regal 19 1
New Regal 79,982 79,386
Park Avenue 4,218 3,376
Buick Royaum 0 2
Excelle HRV 6,072 8
Excelle 3box 234,863 222,491
Excelle RV 218 1
LaCrosse 31,164 28
New LaCrosse 43,453 104,377
Excelle XT 0 38,366
Excelle GT 0 43,321
Cadillac SLS 3,057 5,204
CTS, SRX 1 0
SAIC-GM-Wuling Automobile Spark 60,000 77,800
Wuling minivan 916,808 1,057,804
SAIC Motor Passenger Vehicle MG 7 3,620 1,606
MG 3 11,248 6,574
MG TF 75 0
MG 6 0 19,652
MG 550 0 1,532
MG 750 0 9
Roewe 350 0 42,437
Roewe 750 10,619 6,770
Roewe 550 64,569 81,820
FAW-VW Audi A6L 106,025 115,353
Audi A4L 40,978 58,466
Audi Q5 0 32,483
Jetta 224,857 224,523
Bora 15 0
New Bora 124,357 172,537
Golf A4 1,403 1
Golf A6 5,815 57,517
Magotan 67,018 78,859
Sagitar 98,712 112,887
CC 0 17,353
FAW Toyota Motor Sales Vios (Platz/Belta) 42,675 34,689
Corolla 57,111 82,743
Crown 32,856 45,161
Reiz (Mark X) 44,287 51,784
New Corolla 157,457 172,053
RAV4 68,212 98,057
Prado 11,906 15,294
Land Cruiser 200 2,524 6,149
Prius Second-generation 271 1
Tianjin FAW Xiali Automobile Xiali 2box 24,853 39,301
Xiali 3box 122,678 159,352
Vizi (Vitz) 675 166
Vela (Platz) 5,945 4,941
Weizhi 58,071 38,575
WeizhiV2 0 8,025
FAW-GM Light Duty Commercial Vehicle Lucky Messenger 179 0
Ziyoufeng 978 1,270
FAW Jilin Automobile Jiabao minivan 47,181 70,795
Xenia 8,867 48,499
FAW Car Hongqi HQ3 776 193
Besturn B70/50 88,360 132,212
Mazda 6 (Atenza) 81,648 94,369
Mazda 6 Ruiyi (new Atenza) 17,357 43,082
Mazda 8 (MPV) 0 1,088
FAW Haima Motor Freema (Premacy) 5,065 28,135
Family 72,157 62,010
Haima 3 9,962 5,953
Haima2 (Tribute) 3,879 28,641
Qishi 0 15,593
Tianjin Meiya Automobile Qibing 1,012 1,068
Dongfeng-Peugeot- Citroen Automobile Fukang ZX 2box 85 0
Picasso 2,692 0
Elysee 75,384 71,819
C-Triomphe 3,938 2,713
C2 5,942 8,111
C4 2box 25,643 19,179
C4 3box 46,166 87,178
C5 3box 0 35,001
307 3box 46,357 37,129
307 2box 22,006 28,377
206 3,482 3
207 3box 22,476 22,991
207 2box 15,835 18,884
408 3box 0 41,981
Dongfeng Nissan Passenger Vehicle New Teana  108,504  140,842
Tiida 2box 75,568 69,289
Tiida 3box 80,282 84,617
Livina 98,735 111,114
Livina Geniss 1,770 3,835
Sylphy 96,174 142,511
Qashqai (Dualis) 33,877 62,075
X-Trail 24,058 32,011
March 0 14,705
Zhengzhou Nissan Automobile Paladin 8,399 8,691
Oting 3,811 3,141
Yumsun 2,606 2,352
Succe 1,712 19,343
NV200 0 11,670
Dongfeng Honda Automobile CR-V 105,233 140,000
Civic 3box 93,368 101,198
Spirio 12,000 19,402
Dongfeng Liuzhou Motor Fengxing 16,860 20,102
Jingyi 7,158 26,486
Lingzhi 0 3,657
Dongfeng- Yueda-Kia Motor Rio 41,061 44,022
Carnival 858 455
Optima 2,573 3,336
Cerato 83,870 82,747
Cerato Wagon 19,136  
Sportage 43,888 67,740
Sportage R 0 11,713
Forte 3box 48,298 105,751
Soul 1,702 17,264
Dongfeng Yu'an Automobile Dongfeng Xiaokang 147,656 226,198
Dongfeng Motor Passenger Vehicle Fengshen S30 18,690 19,454
Fengshen H30 0 8,230
Changan Suzuki Automobile New Alto 7,989 41,729
Cultus 59,677 41,644
Swift 2box 31,994 50,989
SX4 2box 41,429 47,804
SX4 3box 8,980 17,847
Changan Ford Mazda Automobile Mondeo Zhisheng 44,402 51,586
New Fiesta 2box 33,417 52,287
New Fiesta 3box 13,962 22,912
Focus 2box 65,555 88,610
Focus 3box 68,805 83,660
S-MAX 4,600 5,049
Mazda 3 48,228 68,617
Mazda 2 2box 10,811 10,451
Mazda 2 3box 11,863 11,230
Volvo S40 6,143 5,537
Volvo S80 8,353 11,554
Changan Automobile CM8 2,124 0
Benni 28,227 9,112
Benni Mini 0 61,377
Benni Love 14,158 8,466
Z-Shine 3,961 4,069
Alsvin 60,424 103,980
CX30 0 3,145
CX20 0 4,449
Jiexun 644 15
Changan minivan 545,158 722,859
Jiangling Motor Holding Landwind 3,833 12,540
Baowei 3,451 4,311
Fengshang 914 472
Fenghua 801 -4
Changhe Automobile Ideal 3,137 1,334
Changhe minivan (Landy included) 52,662 62,349
Changhe Suzuki Automobile Wagon R+ 76,138 71,339
Liana 3box 555 476
Liana 2box 3,293 3,508
 
OEM/Model Sales volume
2009 2010
Hafei Motor Saima 5,809 3,191
Lobo 24,940 17,204
Saibao 3,907 1,184
Hafei minivan 158,443 137,109
Guangqi Honda Automobile Accord 175,361 171,728
Odyssey 28,395 45,816
Fit 2box 48,640 33,575
City 36 3
City Fengfan 113,191 132,645
Crosstour 0 2,264
Guangqi Toyota Motor Camry 156,229 161,411
Yaris 2box 17,892 27,062
Highlander 35,466 80,956
GAC Changfeng Motor Liebao, Feiteng 22,435 28,897
Pajero series 7,482 10,130
Kylin 222 21
GAC Gonow Automobile (former Gonow Automobile) Gonow GS50 5,852 5,649
Gonow GX5 163 0
Gonow GX6 1,343 277
Shuaijian 0 824
Aoxuan 0 9,952
Gonow minivan 25,259 32,033
Honda Automobile (China) Jazz (Fit) 28,299 25,009
Beijing Benz Benz E-class 2,244 11,052
Benz C-class 13,677 27,804
Chrysler 300C 942 0
Sebring 2,757 0
Beijing Hyundai Motor Sonata 5,417 4
NF Sonata 1,093 3,309
Sonata Lingxiang 15,606 22,344
Elantra 2box 4,511 0
Elantra 3box 167,094 152,641
Elantra Yuedong 239,449 233,344
New Accent 60,379 68,463
i30 12,494 19,858
MoInca 14,921 38,881
Verna 2/3box 0 44,359
Tucson 49,345 56,527
ix35 0 63,278
Beiqi Foton Motor SAGA X 1,006 588
MP-X 6,524 4,534
Midi 6,024 8,102
Beijing Automobile Works BJ2025 series 689 708
Luba (BJ2032) 1,897 2,195
BJ2020/2022 5,728 4,371
Beijing minivan 3,502 5,753
Chery Automobile Cowin 1 (QQ6) 26,488 29,861
Fulwin 2 65,023 68,930
Cowin3 (A520) 70,630 74,679
Fulwin 3box 11,174 33,504
Fulwin 2box 0 40,501
QQ3 142,065 151,634
QQme 1,350 374
Eastar 2,646 2,850
Tiggo 45,966 65,062
A1 15,058 16,039
A3 3box 35,316 34,436
A3 2box 23,919 24,056
Riich G5 139 2,391
Riich M1 SUV 2,995 18,006
Riich M1 2box 15,461 22,510
Riich M1 3box 0 338
Riich minivan 16,151 57,972
Karry Youyu 1,051 657
Karry Youya 16,614 19,515
Rely V5 (Eastar Cross) 8,257 11,459
BYD Auto F3 3box  250,161  212,438
F3-R 2box 40,802 51,509
F3DM 48 417
e6 0 63
F6 52,440 51,651
F0 102,931 148,457
S8 96 8
G3 1,919 50,416
L3 0 2,128
M6 0 2,719
Geely Holding Group Ulio 426 0
Mybo 32 0
China Dragon 424 86
CK 113,673 95,583
King Kong 65,821 74,106
Vision 54,203 64,839
Panda 28,042 41,044
Jinying 2box 15,349 13,332
Emgrand EC7 (3box/RV) 10,365 70,011
Emgrand EC8 0 1,335
Shanghai Maple Automobile Hisoon 5,308 628
Hysoul 7,721 966
Marindo 15,029 2,943
Haifeng 2,462 196
Haiyu 430 121
Haijing 9,704 50,591
Shanghai LTI Automobile TX4 115 387
Great Wall Motor GW Peri 9,870 303
Florid 57,225 54,029
CoolBear 10,038 2,918
Phenom 0 10,028
Voleex C30 0 71,689
Voleex V80/Cowry 6,339 5,110
Safe 58 0
Sing 50 0
Hover H 63,479 116,790
Hover M 8,058 33,314
Brilliance Jinbei Automobile Zhonghua Zunchi 11,060 7,175
Junjie 25,327 30,229
Junjie FRV 66,554 80,827
Junjie FSV 15,133 40,723
Coupe 400 845
Granvia 14,664 18,113
Mianyang Huaxin Automobile Badao 1,538 3,535
Haixing minivan 10,880 37,003
BMW Brilliance Automotive BMW 3 Series 17,940 12,944
BMW 5 Series 27,056 41,019
Jianghuai Automobile Group Refine 46,033 64,675
Bingyue 3,545 3,067
Tongyue 57,613 41,451
Heyue 4,449 69,331
Yueyue 0 2,648
Rein 11,720 18,859
Hunan Jiangnan Automobile Jiangnan Alto 15 0
Jiangnan 2,530 28,925
Multipla 2 0 2,383
Langyue 0 3,888
Zotye 2008 0 22,583
Zotye 5008 0 70,919
Soueast Motor Lioncel 8 0
Freeca 571 577
Zinger 3,211 1,604
Soveran 2 0
Lancer 8,923 4,812
Lancer EX 6,007 24,690
Veryca 2 4,028
Galant 3,541 2,209
Lingyue V3 59,320 75,794
Grand Voyager 290 80
Dodge Caravan 182 1,004
Fujian Benz Viano (NCV2) 0 7,897
Vito 0 2,814
Hawtai Automobile Group Terracan 4,179 4,280
Santa Fe 46,696 77,159
Haima Automobile Haima Wangzi 0 5,706
Fushida 26,588 63,462
Lifan Motors Lifan 520 18,317 13,738
Lifan 520i 2,143 6,043
Lifan 620 19,980 26,709
Lifan 320 4,042 11,899
Lifan Fengshun 0 9,520
Young Man Automobile Group RCR Jingyue 3,400 0
RCR Jingsu (Gen 2 sport) 12,923 0
Lotus L3 2box 4,326 16,442
Lotus L3 3box 582 12,113
Zhongxing Automobile Admiral 3,399 331
LandMark 10,000 17,106
Dandong Huanghai Automobile Auro 2,819 1,443
Landscape 3,808 12,244
Challenger 1,502 2,156
Zhejiang Flyday Automobile UFO 3,895 8,294
Sichuan Automobile Industry Yema 1,045 4,885
Aerospace Chenggong Automobile Aerospace minivan 155 3,250
Shaanxi Automobile Group Fujia 0 1,947
Qingling Motor Rodeo 969 1,214
Jiangxi Fire Truck Lushan SUV 0 2
Chengdu Xindadi Automobile Dadi 1,232 0
Wuzhou Dornier Camping Vehicle Fuqi 16 0
Polarsun Automobile Polarsun SUV 5 0
Grand total 10,331,315 13,757,794

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