CATARC report - May 2017: NEV trends in China
New energy vehicle production in April at same level as previous year
Production volumes in China (Summary)
This report is based on a report by Beijing CATARC Automotive Technology Development Company*;
MarkLines has edited and translated the company's report to prepare this report. Click here for a list of CATARC reports.
Production volume of new energy vehicles (electric vehicles [EVs], plug-in hybrid vehicles [PHVs], and fuel cell vehicles [FCVs]; excluding vehicles equipped with lead-acid batteries) in April 2017 in China was at about the same level as in the previous year for the same period. Ratio of EV to PHV was 8:2; the majority of new energy vehicles produced was EVs. By vehicle type, production volume of passenger cars, buses, and special-purpose vehicles accounted for 91%, 3%, and 6%, respectively, of the production share.
Production volumes in China
Production volume of EVs in April 2017 was at about the same level as of the previous month. Production volume of passenger EVs was 1.5 times that of the same period in the previous year. 18 automakers produced passenger EVs in April. The most produced model was the Beijing Electric Vehicle (BJEV) EC180, which ranked as the most produced passenger EV model on a monthly basis for four consecutive months. As for the four-seater EC180, price after subsidy deduction was over CNY 50,000. Competitiveness in price led to favorable sales. The Zhejiang Geely Emgrand EV300 and the BYD e5 respectively ranked second and third in production volume. Equipping vehicles with ternary lithium-ion batteries have become the mainstream for Chinese automakers.
Production volume of electric buses in April 2017 significantly declined by 95% year-over-year (y/y). In contrast, production volume of electric special-purpose vehicles was almost triple that of the previous month. 13 bus makers produced electric buses and 26 vehicle makers produced electric special-purpose vehicles.
Production volume of PHVs in April 2017 increased by 1.4-fold month-over-month (m/m). SAIC Motor Corporation Limited (SAIC) produced the most PHVs. Seven automakers produced passenger PHVs and nine bus makers produced plug-in hybrid buses.
Production volume of fuel-cell buses in April 2017 was 10 units.
Trends in China
MIIT cancels revocation of approvals given to six automakers not in compliance
On April 18, 2017, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) issued a notice that it had cancelled its revocation of application approvals that it issued to six automakers for having their vehicles listed in the recommendation list of new energy models. The MIIT assigned the China Vehicle Technology Service Center to conduct on-site audits of order and improvement made by the six automakers that had their application approvals revoked. These automakers were Jinhua Youngman Bus, SAIC Tangshan Bus Co., Ltd., Lifan Industry (Group) Co., Ltd., Zhengzhou Nissan Automobile Co., Ltd., Shanghai Sunwin Bus, and Chongqing Hengtong Bus Co., Ltd. The agency that conducted the audit determined that the six automakers were in order and improvements were sufficient, satisfying the provisions for product compliance and enabling them to produce new energy vehicles. For this reason, the agency suggested that the automakers be allowed to reactivate their applications to have their vehicles listed in the recommended list of new energy models.
MIIT releases “list of new energy vehicles exempt from vehicle-purchase tax” (10th list)
On April 27, the MIIT released the “list of new energy vehicles exempt from vehicle-purchase tax” (10th list). A total of 776 models were in the list. Breakdown of the models was as follows: 63 passenger EV models, 354 electric bus models, 57 electric cargo-truck models, 180 electric special-purpose vehicle models, nine passenger PHV models, 110 plug-in-hybrid cargo-truck models, two fuel-cell bus models, and one fuel-cell special-purpose vehicle model.
Tianjin Industry and Information Committee releases requirements for new energy vehicles in Tianjin City
On April 27, the Tianjin Industry and Information Committee released a “notice on strengthening service for the safety of new energy vehicles in Tianjin City.” Details were as follows.
＜Requirement for after-sales service＞
- Automakers will sell vehicles at car dealerships registered in the jurisdiction of Tianjin City.
- Automakers will install authorized after-sales service centers in Tianjin City. New-energy vehicle makers will install at least three service centers, and new-energy special-purpose vehicle makers and bus makers will install at least two service centers. One after-sales service center will be for exclusively providing after-sales service. A certain number of automotive technicians and special repair equipment will be allocated to the facility.
＜Product quality warranty＞
Automakers will provide quality warranty for parts, such as drive batteries, drive motors, and motor ECUs. Quality warranty period will be at least eight years or 120,000 km for passenger cars and at least five years or 200,000 km for buses and special-purpose vehicles.
＜Secured safety and emergency support＞
For every mileage of 5,000 km or every six months, vehicles in Tianjin City will receive periodic inspections. Inspection on high-voltage systems, such as drive batteries, wire harnesses, and connectors, will be particularly strengthened.
Automakers will take the initiative and formulate a program to collect used batteries based on the “technical policy on collection and use of electric-vehicle power batteries (2015 policy).” In addition, they will clarify where the used batteries will be kept with companies in Tianjin City that will be collecting the batteries.
＜Requirement for new-energy vehicle products＞
New energy vehicles must acquire a China Compulsory Certification (CCC). They must also either comply with standards of the Chinese government’s “recommended model list for the prevalence of new energy vehicles” issued in or after 2017 or with equivalent inspection standards. In addition, vehicles must comply with the current Chinese new-energy vehicle laws and standards.
BYD to launch new e6 in 2017; cruising range reaches 450 km
According to the MIIT, the cruising range of the new BYD e6, scheduled for launch in 2017, will reach 450 km. The cruising range of the current e6, equipped with an 82 kWh battery pack, is 400 km. By equipping the new e6 with a 91 kWh battery pack, it will enable the cruising range of the vehicle to reach 450 km.
Chery to invest CNY 3 billion to build small new-energy vehicle plant in Hebei Province
On May 3, the Shijiazhuang Municipal People's Government and Chery Holdings Limited agreed to build a new-energy vehicle plant. Chery will invest CNY 3 billion and build a plant in Shijiazhuang City, Hebei Province.
Energy-saving and new energy vehicle network www.chinaev.org
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The China Automotive Technology & Research Center (CATARC) is affiliated with the State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission of the State Council (SASAC). CATARC assists the government in such activities as formulation of auto standards and technical regulations, product certification testing, quality system certification, industry planning, policy research, information services, and common technology research.
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