CATARC report - March 2015: New Energy Vehicle trends in China

Decrease in February 2015 production smaller than corresponding 2014 decrease

2015/04/06

Production volumes in China (Summary)

This report is based on a report by Beijing CATARC Automotive Technology Development Company*;
MarkLines has edited and translated the company's report to prepare this report.



Fig. 1 Production volume of electrified vehicles (Jan. 2014 to Feb. 2015)

  Production volume of electrified vehicles in February 2015 in China increased by 234.6% year-over-year (y/y) and decreased by 28.6% month-over-month (m/m) to 5,903 units (334 vehicles equipped with lead-acid batteries were included). Although production volume in February decreased m/m due to the Lunar New Year (Chinese New Year), the production volume decrease was less than that of the previous year. Production volume of all vehicles decreased in February 2015 in China; however, the ratio of new energy vehicles (electric vehicles [EVs] and plug-in hybrid vehicles [PHVs]) has been flat m/m at 0.33%.



Production volumes in China

Table 1 February production volume of electrified vehicles by vehicle type in 2015

 
HV
PHV
EV
Total
Passenger car
525
1,661
2,207
4,393
Bus
1
694
659
1,354
Special-purpose vehicle
0
0
156
156
Total
526
2,355
3,022
5,903

Fig. 2 Electrified vehicle production shares by vehicle type (Feb. 2015)

PHV

  Production volume of passenger PHVs in February 2015 was 1,661 units. Four automakers produced passenger PHVs in February. The automakers were BYD, Shanghai Automotive Industry Corporation (SAIC), Guangzhou Automobile Group Co., Ltd., and Brilliance BMW. BYD had 61.6% and SAIC had 25.0% of the production share.

  Production volume of PHV buses in February 2015 was 694 units. 12 bus makers produced PHV buses in February. The bus makers include Yutong, King Long United Automotive Industry (Suzhou), Zhongtong Bus, FAW Bus, Beiqi Foton Motor, and Xiamen King Long, to name a few.  The top five bus makers with the highest production share produced a total of 64% of the PHV buses.

EV

  Production volume of passenger EVs in February 2015 was 2,207 units, which accounted for 73.0% of the EV production share. Nine automakers produced passenger EVs in February. The major automakers include Beijing Automotive Industry Holding Co., Ltd. (BAIC; produced 673 units), Zotye Auto (produced 543 units), Chery (produced 593 units of which 329 vehicles equipped with lead-acid batteries were included), and BYD (produced 244 units).

  Production volume of EV buses in February 2015 was 659 units, which accounted for 21.8% of the EV production share. 15 bus makers produced EV buses in February. The major bus makers include Yutong (produced 177 units), Xiamen Golden Dragon Van (produced 125 units), Shenlong Bus (produced 60 units), and Nanjing King Long Bus (produced 49 units).

  Production volume of EV special-purpose vehicles in February 2015 was 156 units, which was 5.2% of the EV production share. Eight automakers produced EV special-purpose vehicles in February. The major automakers include BAIC (produced 82 units), Ruichi (produced 29 units), and Hebei Changan (produced 11 units).

Electrified vehicle import

  The number of electrified vehicles that were imported in February 2015 decreased by 75.3% m/m to 196 units. All of the vehicles that were imported were passenger vehicles. Of the vehicles that were imported, 72 units were passenger EVs (of which 68 units were Tesla Motors Model Ss and four units were BMW i3s) and 124 units were passenger HVs (of which 64 units were Porsche vehicles and 40 units were Toyota vehicles).



Trends in China

Policy reserves 18% of total parking spaces for new energy vehicles in Beijing

  On March 8, 2015, the Beijing municipal government released the “index for Beijing residential public service facility layout” and “policy on the implementation of the index for Beijing residential public service facility layout.” In the future, 18% of the parking space must be set aside for new energy vehicles when a company is installing a new parking space or renovating one in a residential area. If the criteria for setting aside a parking space for new energy vehicles are not met, the government will prohibit sales of residences in that area.

Charging infrastructure plan for electrified vehicles

  The Chinese National Energy Board released the “charging infrastructure construction guidance policy,” which incorporates future construction plans for electrified vehicle charging facilities. This plan was created based on the “development plan for electrified vehicle charging infrastructures” that was drafted by the end of 2014.

  In a new plan, charging facilities at 12,000 locations and charging stands at 4.5 million locations will be installed on the assumption that 5 million new energy vehicles will prevail by 2020. In addition, Chinese standards for charging equipment are being revised in 2015.

Dongfeng Motor launches Fengshen E30/E30L EV

  On March 6, 2015, Dongfeng Motor launched its Fengshen-brand EVs, the E30 and E30L. The base prices are CNY 159,800 for the E30 and CNY 199,800 for the E30L. Those who purchase either vehicle will be able to receive subsidies. Although the vehicles have been sold only in Wuhan City, Hubei Province, Dongfeng Motor will start selling them to other cities, such as Shanghai City, from the end of March 2015.

  The Fengshen E30L is a two-door four-seater. The body and frame are made of aluminum and vehicle weight is 995 kg. The exterior dimensions are 2,995 mm in length, 1,540 mm in width, 1,585 mm in height, and 2,160 mm in wheelbase. Cruising range is 150 km and maximum speed is 80 km/h.

  The Fengshen E30 is a two-seater version of the E30L with shorter rear side glasses. Cruising range is 120 km and maximum speed is 80 km/h. Battery charging times are 30 minutes for fast charging and eight hours for normal charging.

Changan Automobile launches “Eado” EV

  On March 6, 2015, Changan Automobile Group Co., Ltd. unveiled its first new energy vehicle "Eado EV" in Chongqing City. The manufacturer’s suggested list prices for the Eado EV have been set at CNY 234,900 for the “elite version" and CNY 249,900 for the “premium version.” Upon receiving subsidies from the central and local governments, the prices will become CNY 144,900 for the “elite version” and CNY 159,900 for the "premium version."

  The drivetrain system includes a permanent magnet synchronous motor (maximum output of 90 kW and maximum torque of 280 Nm) and a ternary lithium-ion battery (capacity of 80 Ah). Cruising range is 200 km.

EV charging facility fee provision by Jinan municipal government, Shandong Province

  On February 7, 2015, the municipal government of Jinan City, Shandong Province released a charging facility fee provision. EVs that seat less than seven passengers are subject to a maximum fee of CNY 1.45 per 1 kWh. This fee has been introduced from February 10, 2015. The trial period of the provision is one year.

Reference:
Energy-saving and new energy vehicle network www.chinaev.org
CATARC Beijing Operations

* China Automotive Technology & Research Center (CATARC) is affiliated to the State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission of the State Council (SASAC). CATARC assists the government in such activities as auto standard and technical regulation formulating, product certification testing, quality system certification, industry planning, policy research, information service and common technology research. Beijing CATARC Automotive Technology Development Company is the Beijing office and a sole subsidiary of CATARC. The Beijing office researches on policies, technical regulations, and standards for promoting Chinese automotive industry.