Turkey: brisk export boosts 2010 production to 1.09 mn units, and domestic sales reach record 790 K
Ford spends 860 mn dollars to refurbish its plant, while Chery Motors builds a new plant to produce
The 2010 production volume in Turkey was 1.095 million units, up by 25.9% over the previous year. Turkey has surpassed the Czech Republic (1.033 million units) and Poland (1.009 million units), and become the largest automotive producer among European countries except the advanced nations of Western Europe. Some 70% of production volume is exported mainly to Western European countries. Exports recovered to 750 K units in 2010 from a declining trend after the economic crisis (910 K in 2008 and 630 K in 2009), which boosted the country's production volume.
New vehicle sales in Turkey jumped to 793 K units in 2010, up by 37.7% over the previous year, which refreshed the 2005 record of 759 K units. Imports accounting for around 60% of new vehicle sales also hit a new high to 465 K units in 2010, up by 48.3%.
OEMs consider Turkey not only as a promising market but also as a highly potential export center. They are refurbishing their existing factories in Turkey and adding vehicle types to their production. Chinese Chery Motors will run the new plant with an annual production capacity of 20 K units in 2012, aiming for a capacity of 100 K units in 2017.
Turkey: Production volume, exports and imports, and new vehicle sales
|New car sales||665,515||634,206||526,544||575,869||793,172||107,191||192,488|
Source: OSD (Otomotiv Sanayii Dernegi)
Production capacities of thirteen OEMs total 1.58 mn units
In Turkey, there are 13 OEMs as of May 2011, which have local production (excluding two tractor OEMs). Their production capacities total 1.58 million units so far.
Tofas (Fiat) topped the list of the production volume with 312 K units in 2010, followed by Oyak-Renault with 307 K units and Ford with 242 K units. These three companies also came before other OEMs with exports.
By segment, production volume of passenger cars in 2010 was up by 18% and commercial vehicles by 37% over the previous year, respectively. Dramatic growths in production were observed in mid-size and large commercial vehicle segments by four times and 2.7 times, respectively.
Production capacity and vehicle models produced by OEMs in Turkey
|Production facilities||Capacity||Vehicle models|
|Tofas (Fiat)||Bursa||400,000||Fiat Albea/Palio/Siena, Linea, Doblo, MCV (Note 2)|
|Oyak-Renault||Bursa||360,000||Thalia/Symbol, Clio, Megane, Fluence, Fluence Z.E. (from Sep. 2011)|
|Ford Otosan||Eskisehir/Kocaeli||330,000||Ford Transit, Transit Connect|
|Hyundai||Kocaeli||125,000||Accent (Verna), i20|
|Karsan||Bursa||95,050||Peugeot Partner/Citroen Berlingo, Hyundai HD truck, Renault large truck, BreadaMenarinibus, Karsan J Series minibus|
|Mercedes-Benz||Istanbul/Aksaray||18,500||Large commercial vehicle, bus|
|Anadolu Isuzu||Kocaeli||13,155||Isuzu N-Series (Elf), light commercial vehicle, bus|
|BMC||Izmir||20,000||Truck, light commercial vehicle, bus|
|Temsa Global (Note 3)||Adana/Sakarya||10,750||Fuso Canter, light commercial vehicle, bus|
|Source: OSD (Otomotiv Sanayii Dernegi)|
|NOTES: 1.||Production capacity means the 2011 production capacity.|
|2.||Tofas-made MCV stands for Mini Cargo Van. They are Fiat Fiorino, Peugeot Bipper and Citroen Nemo compact vans, which were jointly developed by three OEMs of Fiat, PSA and Tofas. They have been produced since autumn 2007.|
|3.||Temsa Global also serves as a distributor of Mitsubishi Motors.|
|4.||Karsan, BMC, Otokar and Temsa Global do not have foreign stakeholders.|
Turkey: Key OEMs' production volume and exports
|2006||2007||2008||2009||2010||Jan.-Mar. 2010||Jan.-Mar. 2011|
Source: OSD (Otomotiv Sanayii Dernegi) (Note) Others include BMC, Otocar, and Temsa Global.
2010 production volume by OEM and segment
|Passenger cars||Light commercial vehicles with a GVW of less than 3.5t||Commercial vehicles with a GVW of 3.5-12 t||Commercial vehicles with a GVW over 12 t||Buses||Subtotal of commercial vehicles||Grand total|
Source: OSD (Otomotiv Sanayii Dernegi)
Tofas (Fiat) to produce Doblo EVs from the middle of 2011 and to supply Turkish-made vehicles to Opel on an OEM basis
Fiat produces passenger cars and light commercial vehicles at Tofas, a joint venture with Turkish conglomerate Koc. The Bursa Plant has an annual production capacity of 400 K units, which is larger than any other OEMs which have local production. There is a plan to produce the Doblo EV for Europe from the middle of 2011.
In addition, Fiat will supply under the OEM deal to Opel Doblo-based light commercial vehicles. Production will start at Tofas from December 2011. A sum total of 250 K units will be supplied as its plan.
Tofas (Fiat)'s Bursa Plant produces one millionth Doblo van, planning to produce EV version from the middle of 2011
|In July 2010, Tofas (Fiat) announced that the Burusa Plant in Turkey produced the one millionth light commercial van Fiat Doblo after the launch in 2000. According to Tofas (Fiat), it will produce another one million units by 2018, planning to export 70% of them worldwide. The total export is expected to be 6.3 billion dollars from the present to 2018.|
|Tofas (Fiat) prototyped the Fiat Doblo EV by spending 20 million Euros. If demand goes up, Tofas (Fiat) will spend five million to ten million Euros to produce the EVs from the middle of 2011. The EV version Doblo will be produced in 500 to 1,000 units per year on demand in Europe. Its electric drive system will be jointly developed with Arcelik, an electric appliance manufacturer. The prototype Doblo EV runs at a maximum speed of 110 km/h, and has a range of 150 km per charge.|
Source: Tofas Press Release in July 2010, Reuters on July 25, 2010
Fiat to supply Tofas-made vehicles to Opel under OEM deal
|Fiat and Opel signed the OEM supply contract in November 2010. The OEM supply will include several derivative models based on the Fiat Doblo platform, and will start from December 2011. Production will take place at the Tofas Plant in Turkey, which produces the Doblo (Tofas appropriates 150 million Euros for this purpose). Vauxhall and Opel dealers will sell these vehicles as successors of Opel's light commercial vehicle Combo in all the countries of the world including Europe (except North America). Fiat will supply 6,000 units first in 2011, and total 250 K units.|
Source: Fiat Press Release on November 29, 2010
Renault to produce the Fluence EV from September 2011
Renault produces the passenger car Thalia/Symbol, Clio, Megane and Fluence at Oyak-Renault co-owned by Oyak (Turkish Armed Forces Pension Fund). In September 2011, Oyak-Renault will begin to produce Fluence EVs to introduce them in Europe.
Renault to produce the Fluence Z.E. from September 2011
|Renault will produce the small sedan EV Fluence Z.E. at the Bursa Plant in Turkey from September 2011. The plant has an annual production capacity of 360 K units. As the result of improving the production facilities for EVs, the plant has become affordable to divert the capacity of 30 K units of them to production of the Fluence Z.E according to Renault. The Fluence Z.E. will be rolled out in Israel and Denmark, and then other European countries. The EV comes with a 70-kW electric motor and has a range of 100 km per charge in the European combined mode.|
Source: Investment Support and Promotion Agency of Turkey on March 15, 2011 NOTE: The Turkish Government has had a special consumption tax on electric vehicles since March 2011, which is considerably lower than those on general gasoline vehicles. The tax rates are 3% on EVs equipped with an electric motor of lower than 85 kW, and 7% on those with an electric motor more than 85kW to 120 kW, and 15% on those with an electric motor of more than 120 kW. For the information, the tax rates for general gasoline vehicles are 37% for a displacement of lower than 1600 cc, 60% for that of 1601 to 2000 cc, and 84% for that over 2000 cc.
Ford to spend 860 mn dollars to refurbish production facilities for the Transit
Ford produces the full-sized van Transit, and light commercial van Transit Connect at Ford Otosan, a joint venture with Koc, a Turkish conglomerate. Ford started selling the Turkish-made Transit Connects in the US since July 2009. Since December 2010, Ford has shipped Turkish-made Transit Connect EVs to the US. They are distributed to customers after electric motors and batteries are installed on them in the US.
Considering Turkey as a promising market comparable to BRICs, Ford is refurbishing manufacturing facilities over there. For this purpose, Ford invested 860 million dollars from October 2010 to February 2011.
In the US, Ford enjoys brisk sales of the Transit Connect and launched the Transit Connect EV as well
|Ford has shipped the light commercial van Transit Connect from the Turkish Plant to the US since July 2009. In 2010, 270 K units of the Turkish-made van were sold in the US. Ford expects to sell 30 K units in 2011 based on increasing inquiries from taxi companies and USPS.|
|Ford started producing the EV model of the Transit Connect Electric in December 2010, and distributed them to the US. The EVs are shipped to the US from the Turkish Plant without powertrains. Then, the electric powertrains developed by Azure Dynamics (headquartered in Canada) are mounted on the EVs in the US. Johnson Controls-Shaft supplies lithium ion batteries. The Transit Connect Electric runs at a maximum speed of 75 miles per hour, and has a range of 80 miles per charge. The Transit Connect Electric will be launched in Europe within 2011.|
NOTE: The Transit Connect Electric is the first model in Ford's EV development plan. Following the model, Ford will launch the Focus Electric in 2011, and one PHEV-type vehicle and two HEV-type vehicles equipped with the next generation lithium ion battery in 2012.
Ford to invest 860 million dollars in the Turkish plant to produce the next Transit and the Transit minibus
|Ford announced the investment of 950 million TRY (630 million dollars) in October 2010 and 368 million TRY (230 million dollars) in February 2011 to refurbish the Kocaeli Plant of Ford Otosan. Ford will produce the next-generation model of full-sized van Transit and may launch the model in the US. There is a plan to produce the Transit minibus from 2011. Considering Turkey as a promising market comparable to BRICs, Ford includes the Turkish market in its business plan.|
Source: Ford Press Release on December 7, 2010, Investment Support and Promotion Agency of Turkey on February 14, 2011 and Automotive News Europe on December 19, 2010 and March 21, 2011
Toyota and Honda reduce production even at their Turkish Plants as a consequence of the Great East J
Toyota and Honda have their own production plants in Turkey to build the Verso and Auris, and the Civic. Both companies announced decreased production at their Turkish plants as a consequence of the Great East Japan Earthquake on March 11, 2011.
Toyota is restructuring the production capabilities in Europe and African countries. Toyota will begin production of the sedan Corolla in Turkey when it is fully remodeled.
Toyota to add a Corolla sedan to production in Turkey
|Toyota is restructuring the production capabilities in Europe and Africa. Toyota will expand production of Toyota Manufacturing Turkey for the Corolla series and begin production of the sedan type Corolla, when the Japanese OEM fully remodels the Corolla (Toyota Motor Manufacturing Turkey produces the Auris, the successor Corolla Hatchback, and the Verso, the Corolla minivan). In association with the restructuring, the local corporation in South Africa will cease production of the Corolla and specialize in production of light trucks and SUVs. In Japan, Toyota has a plan to stop production of the Corolla series for European markets.|
Toyota decreases production at the Turkey Plant as a consequence of the Great East Japan Earthquake
|Toyota stopped production at the Sakarya Plant in Turkey from April 21 to May 2, 2011 due to the parts supply crunch as a consequence of the Great East Japan Earthquake. The plant will continue to reduce production by the end of May (the planned annual production target was 95 K units as set out at the beginning of the year for the plant). Toyota also stopped the production of four European plants in England, France and Poland during the same period. Toyota will recover production in order from August. Full recovery of the production will be expected by November or December.|
Source: Toyota's Press Release on April 13/22, 2011, Nikkan Jidosha Newspaper on October 21, 2010
Honda halves production of the Turkish Plant as a consequence of the Great East Japan Earthquake
|Honda has halved the production at the Kocaeli Plant from the initial plan since April 11 to respond to the parts supply crunch following the Great East Japan Earthquake. The spare time caused by this will be used for training workers for improvement of product quality.|
Source: News reports
Hyundai transfers production of the small hatchback i20 from India in June 2010
Hyundai produces the Accent (Verna) at the Turkish Plant. The Korean OEM transferred the production of the small hatchback i20 from India to the Turkish Plant in June 2010. Hyundai produced 82 K units in 2008, which dropped to 49 K units in 2009. The production recovered to 77 K units in 2010.
Hyundai transfers production of the i20 for Europe from India to Turkey
|Hyundai started production of the small hatchback i20 of the B segment at the Kocaeli Plant in Turkey in June 2010. It invested 75 million dollars, planning to produce 80 K units per year. To respond to increasing demand in Europe, the Korean OEM transferred production of the export model i20 for Europe from India to its Turkish Plant. It will export CKD kits fabricated in India to Turkey to assemble them.|
Source: Investment Support and Promotion Agency of Turkey on June 14, 2010 and others
Turkish domestic manufacturers: Karsan starts production of busses for an Italian OEM, while BMC to double the annual production capacity
Karsan, a Turkish domestic capital manufacturer, produces the Peugeot, Citroen, Hyundai, Renault Trucks, and Karsan brand vehicles at the Bursa Plant. Karsan tied up with BreadaMenarinibus (an Italian bus manufacturer) and began the sixth brand of buses into production under the granted license.
BMC, a Turkish domestic capital commercial vehicle manufacturer, builds light commercial vehicles, trucks and busses at the Izmir Plant. The plant currently has an annual production capacity of 20 K units. BMC says that it intends to increase the capacity to 40 K units in the immediate future and to 60 K units in the future.
Karsan starts new production under licensing agreement for an Italian bus manufacturer
|Karsan, in September 2010, signed the strategic partnership agreement with BreadaMenarinibus, an Italian bus manufacturer. Karsan will implement a new production line in the Bursa Plant to produce 75 BreadaMenarinibus busses under the granted license, which will be used for public transportation in Rome, as the first step of their bus production business. Karsan plans to invest 25 million Euros over three years in the plant.|
Source: Karsan website
BMC to double its annual production capacity from 20 K to 40 K units
|In May 2010, BMC, a Turkish commercial vehicle manufacturer, unveiled the plan to increase its annual production capacity from the current 20 K units to 40 K units. BMC budgets 600 million dollars to build three plants in the site of one million square meters in Turgutlu of Manisa Province. They are attempting to gradually increase the annual capacity to 60 K units in the future.|
Source: Investment Support and Promotion Agency of Turkey on May 13, 2010
Heavy commercial vehicle OEMs: Mercedes-Benz enjoys brisk sales of Actros, while MAN updates production facilities for busses
Mercedes-Benz Truck builds heavy-duty commercial vehicles and buses at the Istanbul and the Aksaray Plants. Mercedes-Benz produced 14 K units in 2010, of which 75% were sold in Turkey. Thanks to the brisk sales of the large truck Actros since launched in the latter half of 2010, its sales of large trucks tripled over the previous year in the January - March period of 2011.
MAN, a German heavy-duty commercial vehicle manufacturer, produces buses at the Ankara Plant. Its 2010 production volume was 1,132 units. In 2011, MAN will invest 15 million Euros in the plant to update the production facilities.
M-Benz to invest 200 mn dollars in two Turkish plants for the next few years
|M-Benz unveiled an investment plan where it would spend a total of 200 million dollars in the Aksaray and the Istanbul plants in the next few years (March 2011). This considerable investment is budgeted because M-Benz sees the Turkish market not only as robust but also indispensable as an export hub; additionally, sales are recovering to pre-financial crisis levels. M-Benz also has a R&D center in Turkey.|
|The M-Benz's Turkish Division sold 3,551 trucks in the January - March period of 2011, which was the second largest to those in Germany in the sales by country. Sales of large trucks tripled over the previous year to 1,887 units, thanks to brisk sales of the Actros produced at the Turkish Plant.|
Source: Investment Support and Promotion Agency of Turkey on March 31, 2011 and April 13, 2011
MAN to invest 15 mn Euros in bus production facilities
|MAN, a German heavy-duty commercial vehicle manufacturer, will invest 15 million Euros in the Ankara Plant to modernize and update the production facilities to produce busses designed in Turkey (it started in February 2011). The floor area of the new building is more than 10,000 square meters, where cataphoresis coating and other divisions will be included.|
Source: Investment Support and Promotion Agency of Turkey on February 28, 2011
Chinese OEMs: Chery to start the new plant in 2012, while Geely considers local production
Chinese Chery and Geely have imported and sold vehicles in Turkey since 2008. By the end of 2010, Chery sold about 6 K units and Geely about 2 K units.
Chery will invest 500 million dollars to build an automotive plant with an annual production capacity of 20 K units, and will attempt to start production in 2012. It is said that Geely is also considering building a plant in Turkey.
Chery to start the new plant with an annual production of 20 K units in 2012
|Chery Automobile will build an automotive plant in Sakarya Prefecture of Turkey with Mermerler, its dealer in Turkey. The investment will amount to 500 million US dollars. The construction started at the end of 2010. Chery will start production in August 2012. The production volume will start with 20 K units in the first year, with an attempt to have production of 100 K units in five years. The number of production models will be three of the Niche (based on the A3) and the Change (based on the QQ3) and a light commercial vehicle. Chery will produce diesel engines, for which demand is high in Turkey.|
Source: NNA.ASIA on October 16, 2009 and others
Geely plans to build a new plant in Turkey
|Zhejiang Geely Holding Group disclosed that it was requested by Anadolu Group, a Turkish automotive dealer to produce Geely brand vehicles (October 2010). Geely is said that it is planning KD production in Turkey.|
Source: Automotive News Europe on October 22, 2010
Turkish Gov. unveils 2011-2014 automotive industry policies
The Turkish Government unveiled the Turkish Automotive Strategy Report and Action Plan in April 2011. It describes 2011 - 2014 automotive industry policies. The plan is intended to make Turkey production and R&D centers for the region. For this purpose, the plan focuses on five action plans to (1) build infrastructures for R&D, (2) develop capabilities of auto manufacturers for designing, production and branding, (3) explore automotive markets in and outside Turkey, (4) harmonize laws and administrative regulations, and (5) upgrading physical infrastructures. More specifically, the Turkish Government intends to double the domestic passenger car sales volume from 510 K units in 2010 to one million units in 2015.
Turkish domestic sales volume: Ford, Renault and Fiat make the top three
In the Turkish market (passenger cars and light commercial vehicles), imported vehicles account for about 60% of sales volume. By OEM, Ford, Renault and Fiat hold around a 15% share each, and vie for the top spot.
In the passenger market, imported cars account for about 70%. The top five sellers are Renault, Hyundai Group, VW, GM and Ford of which the latter three do not have local production (Ford produces only commercial vehicles in Turkey)
Turkey: Top ten OEMs' domestic sales volume of, passenger cars and light commercial vehicles including imports
|Sales volume (units)||Share (%)|
|Renault (including Dacia)||Passenger cars||63,611||51,155||64,893||89,176|
|VW Group||Passenger cars||41,950||33,183||38,972||60,503|
|PSA (Peugeot+Citroen)||Passenger cars||21,910||18,315||20,410||30,313|
|GM (Opel+Chevrolet)||Passenger cars||32,724||30,208||33,097||57,828|
|Hyundai Group (including Kia)||Passenger cars||36,649||35,636||66,048||56,506|
|Total of top 10||Passenger cars||322,448||271,360||336,153||463,270|
|Other OEMs||Passenger cars||35,029||34,626||33,656||59,235|
Source: JATO Dynamics (2007-2009), Marklines Data Center (2010) NOTE: The above data show retailer sales volume including imported vehicles. Different data sources are used, so that the data above do not agree to the OSD's data (the 2010 sales volume was total 793,172 units of 509,784 passenger cars and 283,388 medium and heavy-duty commercial vehicles according to the OSD announcement).
Turkey: Domestic sales volume of passenger cars (locally-produced and imported cars)
|2009||2010||Jan.-Mar. 2010||Jan.-Mar. 2011|
|Renault (including Dacia)||Locally-produced cars||52,129||74,731||9,000||17,230|
|VW Group||Imported cars||38,972||60,923||9,292||17,678|
|Hyundai Group (including Kia)||Locally-produced cars||34,507||33,119||5,709||7,102|
|GM (Opel+Chevrolet)||Imported cars||33,097||57,829||6,507||14,269|
|PSA (Peugeot+Citroen)||Imported cars||20,410||30,313||3,974||6,061|
|Total of top 12||344,073||491,289||65,137||117,852|
Source: OSD (Otomotiv Sanayii Dernegi) (Note) The data for locally-produced cars show the factory sales.