Chinese major OEMs plan their own-brand HEVs, EVs, and FCVs (1)

Six state-owned OEMs launch HEV and EV passenger cars starting in 2011

2011/04/13

Summary

 In China, the government has rapidly been enhancing and preparing the dissemination and expansion of the new energy vehicle business as part of China's national strategy in recent years. The Chinese government is scheduled to announce a plan for the development of a new energy vehicle industry soon.

 In the draft, China aims to be the largest seller of new energy vehicles in the world in 2020. Specifically, it targets ownership of 5 million new energy vehicles (PHEV, EV, FCV, etc.) by 2020. In addition, it aims to produce and sell 15 million energy-efficient vehicles such as HEV (including fuel-efficient gasoline vehicles) a year, aiming to be the world leader.

 In order to achieve the target, the Chinese government will contribute a total of 100 billion RMB during the next ten years until 2020 for the development of related industries. It is said to be intending to mainly promote the development of EVs aggressively.

 The following is a summary of Chinese six state-owned OEMs' business and model plans for their own brand HEVs, EVs, and FCVs. The report covers the plans by SAIC, Dongfeng Motor, FAW, Changan Automobile, BAIC, and Guangzhou Automobile.

 For the plans by six private equity-backed OEMs (Chery, BYD Auto, Brilliance Automobile, JAC, Geely, and Great Wall Motor), refer to "China's major OEMs plan their own-brand HEVs, EVs, and FCVs (2)" (No. 966 dated on April 25, 2011).

 (Note) "New energy vehicle" in the government's draft means "Clean Energy Vehicle" in Japan, which mainly includes PHEVs/EVs/FCVs. Including Micro HEVs which represent vehicles with idle reduction systems, HEVs are classified as energy efficient vehicles.

Six major OEM groups in China: Development and introduction plan for own-brand HEV, EV, and FCV passenger cars (by 2015)

Automaker Model 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
SAIC Motor
Corp.
HEV Roewe750 HEV Launch        
PHEV Roewe550 PHEV   Launch      
EV Roewe E1   Launch      
Shanghai EV   Launch      
Dongfeng
Motor Corp.
Micro
HEV
Fengshen S30 BSG hybrid Launch        
HEV Fengshen S30 ISG       **Launch  
EV Succe EV Launch
(for test)
       
Ruiqi EV         **Launch
Oting EV         **Launch
China FAW
Group
PHEV Besturn B50 PHEV Launch*        
EV Besturn B50 EV Launch        
FCV Hongqi CA7904FC
(dubbed Besturn B70 FCV)
n.a. (Production is approved by the government
in April 2010. Test run began in 2010)
HEV Besturn B70 HEV         **Launch
EV Vizi EV Launch        
Weizhi B50 EV Launch*        
Freema EV Launch
for test
       
HEV Haima 3 HEV Launch        
Changan
Automobile
Group
Micro
HEV
Z-Shine CNG HEV   **Launch      
Mild
HEV
Z-Shine HEV 1.5L n.a. (Production is approved by the
government in February 2010.
Test runs are currently being conducted)
PHEV Z-Shine PHEV Launch*        
EV Benni Love EV Launch        
Benni mini EV Launch        
Micro
HEV
Chana Star 2 HEV   Launch*      
Chana Star S460 HEV   Launch*      
Chana CX20
low carbon version
  Launch*      
BAIC Group EV Midi EV Limited sale        
HEV Luba HEV         **Launch
Yongshi HEV         **Launch
Beijing B90 HEV   Launch*      
EV Beijing C30DB Launch        
Beijing M30RB Launch        
Beijing Q60FB Launch        
Beijing BE 701   Test running     **Launch
Beijing C70 EV   Launch*      
Beijing C71 EV   Launch*      
Guangzhou
Automobile
Group
Trumpchi EV (The development is announced in 2010.
The date of launch is undecided)
HEV Trumpchi HEV
PHEV Trumpchi PHEV
HEV Kylin HEV Launch*        
EV Liebao EV-CS7         **Launch
PHEV Liebao CS7 PHEV Launch*        
EV Xingwang EV Launch        

(Note) "Launch*" means being launched as early as in said year. "**Launch" means being launched by said year.

Definition of the terms in this report

Minivan: passenger cars classified as minivan which is 3.5m long or shorter
ISG: Integrated Starter Generator
BSG: Belt Driven Starter Generator
Micro HEV: vehicle powered by gasoline/diesel engine equipped with an idle reduction system
AC: Alternating Current
DC: Direct Current



SAIC Motor Corp. launches PHEVs/EVs in 2012, aiming to take a 20% share of the new energy vehicle market in China in 2015

 SAIC Motor Corp. intends to market three new energy vehicles - HEVs, EVs, and FCVs. The company says that it focuses on preparing the production of HEVs and EVs while for the time being excluding FCVs.

 SAIC Motor targets to take a 20% share of the market for new energy vehicles in China in 2015. Concerning PHEVs and EVs, the company targets to produce an accumulated total of 20,000 by 2012. It plans to invest a total of about 6 billion RMB for the volume-production of new energy vehicles in 2010-2012.

 With respect to HEVs, SAIC Motor Corp. Passenger Vehicle, which is under the umbrella of SAIC Motor, will launch the Roewe 750 HEV sedan in 2011 and the Roewe 550 PHEV sedan in 2012. In addition, concerning EVs, the company plans to introduce mass-production model of the Roewe E1 hatchback and the Shanghai EV sedan in 2012. Moreover, it is scheduled to start trial production of the Shanghai FCV sedan in 2013.

 Incidentally, SAIC Motor Corp. and GM signed a memorandum of understanding on the alliance on the technology for new energy vehicles and the development of their new models in November 2010.

 

SAIC Motor Corp.

Scheduled launch (April 2011 and later)
  Model Launch year Driving rechargeable battery Motor (max. power/ max. torque) Engine (max. power/ max. torque), Transmission Max. range
SAIC Motor Corp. Passenger Vehicle HEV Roewe 750 HEV sedan 2011 Lithium-ion iron phosphate battery Unspecified (20kW/160Nm) 1.8L turbocharger 500km
PHEV Roewe 550 PHEV sedan 2012 Equipped with strong type plug-in hybrid system (unspecified), 50% more improvement to base model.
EV Roewe E1 hatchback 2012 Lithium-ion iron phosphate battery Permanent magnet linear synchronous method (rated output 28kW/peak power 47kW) n.a. 135km
Shanghai EV sedan 2012 Equipped with an independently-developed multi-purpose electric drive system (Details are unknown) 200km
FCV Shanghai FCV sedan 2010 (trial run) The maximum output of the 2010 model's power system is 55kW. Equipped with a 700bar high-pressure hydrogen fuel cell system that shares GM's 4th-generation fuel cell technology with Chevrolet Equinox Fuel Cell. 319km
(Note) 1. The maximum cruising range in the report is measured on one charge (one full charge for in-vehicle fuel tank) for HEVs/FCVs and on one charge for EVs.
2. The fuel consumption of the Roewe 750 HEV sedan is improved by 20% from the same-type base vehicle.
3. The specifications of the Roewe E1 are those of the concept car.

 



Dongfeng Motor Corp. to introduce Micro HEVs/EVs in 2011 including trial introduction, aiming to sell 50,000 EVs in 2015

 Dongfeng Motor Corp. intends to market EVs/HEVs as new energy vehicles under its own brand.

 The company targets production and sales of 8,500 new energy vehicles in 2012 and more than 20,000 in 2014, aiming for ownership of 800,000 in 2020. It is also planning to launch an EV passenger car by 2015, aiming to produce and sell about 50,000 per year.

 Dongfeng Motor Corp. is targeting to increase the sales of energy-efficient passenger cars including clean-diesel-powered/gasoline-powered vehicles to the point of accounting for 20% of its own-brand passenger cars by 2015. It says that it will make EVs into a core portion of its energy-efficient vehicle business by 2020.

 

Dongfeng Motor Corp.

Launched (by March 2011. Excluding test run)
  Model Launch year Driving rechargeable battery (power voltage/ electric capacity) Motor (max. power/ max. torque) Engine (max. power/ max. torque), Transmission Max. range
Dongfeng Yu'an Automobile EV Dongfeng Xiaokang K07 EV minivan n.a. (export to Netherlands, etc.) Lead-acid battery (12V/100Ah) Unspecified (max. output 20kW, rated 8kW/32Nm) n.a. 100km
Lithium-ion battery (3.2V/180Ah) 160km
Scheduled launch
  Model Launch year Driving rechargeable battery (power voltage/ electric capacity) Motor (max. power/ max. torque) Engine (max. power/ max. torque), Transmission Max. range
Dongfeng Motor Group Passenger Vehicle Micro HEV Fengshen S30 BSG hybrid sedan 2011 Equipped with idle reduction system with BSG 1.6L, Citroen model (78kW/142Nm, Dongfeng- Peugeot- Citroen Automobile's) n.a.
HEV Fengshen S30 ISG sedan by 2014 Nickel-metal- hydride battery (144V/6Ah) Permanent magnet linear synchronous motor (15kW/110Nm) 4-cylinder, 1.6L (Dongfeng- Peugeot- Citroen Automobile's) n.a.
Zhengzhou Nissan Automobile EV Succe EV CDV 2011 (test run) Lithium polymer battery (made in Netherlands) In-house permanent magnet linear brushless DC motor (50kW) n.a. 160km
Ruiqi EV Pickup by 2015 (Details are unknown. Production was approved in October 2008)
Oting EV SUV by 2015

(Note) CDV = Car Derived Van

 



China FAW Group introduces HEV/EV in 2011, additionally launching PHEV by 2015

 China FAW Group markets three new energy vehicles - HEVs, EVs, and FCVs. In 2011-2015, concerning passenger cars, the company will foster a B-segment (middle-class and high-end) or higher strong HEV, A-segment (middle-class) PHEV, and economy-type EV sedan and hatchback as its main new energy vehicles.

 It also intends to develop technology for about 60 items including a driving motor system, an electro-mechanical coupling system, a secondary battery driving system, and components/accessories for HEVs/EVs.

 China FAW Group started developing EVs in 2009 and has developed four EVs including the Besturn B50 EV, Vizi EV, and Weizhi B50 EV by July 2010. Of these models, the company announced to start small-lot production of the Besturn B50 EV and the Weizhi B50 EV in 2010 (Progress is unknown).

 

China FAW Group

Scheduled launch
  Model Launch year Driving rechargeable battery (power voltage/ electric capacity) Motor (max. power/ max. torque) Engine (max. power/ max. torque), Transmission Max. range
FAW Car Co., Ltd. PHEV Besturn B50 PHEV sedan 2011 or later Lithium-ion battery (288V/30Ah) Water-cooling dual system (BSG 5-10kW, main motor 20-30kW) Compliant with Euro4 emission standards, in-house 4-cylinder, 1.5L VVT (67kW/135Nm), 5-speed AT n.a. (EV mode: 60km)
EV Besturn B50 EV sedan 2011 Ferric nitrate Lithium-ion battery AC asynchronous motor n.a.
FCV Hongqi CA7904FC sedan (dubbed Besturn B70 FCV) 2010 (test running) Suzhou Xingheng Power's, manganese acid lithium-ion battery (375V/7.5Ah) Shanghai Dajun Automation's (rated power 42kW, max. power 88kW/210Nm) Shanghai Shenli Science & Technology's, hydrogen-fuel cell PEM: Proton Exchange Membrane (55kW) 300km
HEV Besturn B70 HEV sedan by 2015 Chinese-made, Nickel-metal-hydride battery (n.a/6Ah) Permanent magnet linear synchronous motor (40kW) Compliant with Euro 4 emission standards, 4-cylinder 1.5L (74kW/135Nm) n.a.
Tianjin FAW Xiali Automobile EV Vizi EV hatchback 2011 Independently developed based on Toyota Vitz (Details are unknown) n.a.
Weizhi B50 EV hatchback 2010 (test run), 2011 or later Ferric nitrate lithium-ion battery (Li-FeNO battery) AC asynchronous motor n.a.
FAW Haima Motor Freema EV (MPV) 2011 (test run) Lithium-ion iron phosphate battery (20kW) Wanxiang Electric Vehicle's, permanent magnet linear brushless motor n.a. 160km
HEV Haima 3 HEV sedan 2011 Capacitor (42V/200F, output density 10kW/kg) Unspecified (rated output 6kW/ rated torque 65Nm) In-house 1.5L (77kW/140Nm) 500km

Note: The production of the Hongqi CA7904FC FCV sedan is approved by the government in April 2010.

 



Changan Automobile Group introduces the HEV system including Micro version in the entire passenger cars and mini vehicles under its own brand by 2012

 Changan Automobile Group intends to focus on HEVs as a new energy vehicle. As for HEVs, in February 2011, the company has developed a micro HEV system, a full-HEV system, and a PHEV system. It has announced that it would introduce a HEV driving system including a solar power generation and an idle reduction system in the entire passenger cars and mini-sized vehicles (including minivans and mini trucks) under its own brand by 2012. It will also develop EVs and FCVs.

 In addition, the company will invest 1 billion RMB additionally to the initial plan in order to research and develop new energy vehicles and to prepare for volume-production during the three years until 2012. It says that it will further make an additional investment of 10 billion RMB in the improvement of technology for new energy vehicles in the future.

 The production and sales target of new energy vehicles is 150,000 in 2014 and more than 500,000 in 2020. Also, the company targets to increase the production of its-own brand EVs to the level of accounting for 5% of the annual production of all vehicles by 2020.

 The 2011 production and sales target of HEVs is 1,100 (700 units of Z-Shine HEV sedan (mild type) for taxis, 300 strong HEV passenger car - Joice HEV and Z-Shine HEV 1.5L - for fleets, and 100 HEVs for the general family use).

 Changan Automobile Group is currently building a new plant for new energy vehicles and middle-class/high-end vehicles at the Fangshan District in the vicinity of Beijing (the construction began in September 2010), and was reported to be considering concentrating the production of new energy vehicles of its entire group at the new plant in the future including Haifei Motor and Changhe Automobile.

 

Changan Automobile Group

Launched
  Model Launch year Driving recharger battery (power Voltage/ electric capacity) Motor (max. power/ max. torque) Engine (max. power/ max. torque), Transmission Max. range
Changan Automobile HEV Joice Hybrid MPV From 2008 to Dec. 2009 (production and sales suspended) Nickel-metal- hydride battery (144V/6Ah) Equipped with ISG, permanent magnet linear synchronous motor (13kW) Compliant with Euro4 emission standards, 1.5L(65kW) 500km
Micro HEV Chana CX30 2box Feb. 2010 Equipped with idle reduction system with BSG (jointly developed with Bosch) Compliant with Euro4 emission standards, in-house 1.6L (78kW/151Nm) or 2.0L (112kW/192Nm), 5-speed MT or 4-speed AT n.a.
Chana CX30 3box Dec. 2010
Chana Jinniuxing minivan Nov. 2010 Equipped with Bosch's idle reduction system Compliant with Euro 4 emission standards, 4-cylinder water-cooling system, 1.3L (60kw/102Nm, Suzuki's technology), MT n.a.
Hafei Motor EV Saibao EV sedan (export only) 2010 Ferrous sulfate lithium-ion battery (320V/73.5Ah), manufactured at the Tianjin joint venture plant established by  Coda and Tianjin Lishen by featuring Tianjin Lishen's technology AC asynchronous method (rated output 20kW, maximum 65kW/172Nm) Transmission (Mitsubishi Motors' model) Over 192km
Minyi EV minivan (export only) n.a. (Assumed to be manufactured at the Tianjin joint venture plant) n.a.
Changhe Automobile Ideal EV hatchback Sep. 2010 (export only) Shenzhen Green Wheel Electric Vehicle's n.a. 100km
Scheduled launch
  Model Launch year Driving rechargeable battery (power Voltage/ electric capacity) Motor (max. power/ max. torque) Engine (max. power/ max. torque), Transmission Max. range
Changan Automobile Micro HEV Z-Shine CNG HEV sedan by 2012 (test run from 2010) Idle reduction system that features Swiss-based AGM's deep cycle battery (12V/55Ah), etc. Compliant with Euro3 emission standards, 1.6L, 93RON gasoline/ CNG version (71kW/140Nm) n.a.
Mild HEV (Note) Z-Shine HEV 1.5L sedan (licensed to produce in Feb. 2010) Nickel-metal- hydride battery (144V/6Ah) Equipped with ISG, permanent magnet linear synchronous motor (13kW/42Nm) In-house 1.5L (72kW/135Nm), 5-speed MT n.a.
PHEV Z-Shine PHEV sedan 2011 or later (test run from Nov. 2010) Lithium-ion battery (320V/30Ah) Permanent magnet linear synchronous motor (40kW/120Nm) Compliant with Euro4 emission standards, in-house, 1.5L Atkinson cycle version (65kW/121Nm), DCT (max. 80km in EV mode at a constant speed of 60km/h)
EV Benni Love EV hatchback 2011 Lithium-ion battery (320V/60Ah) Permanent magnet linear synchronous motor (50kW/160Nm) n.a. 105km
Benni mini EV hatchback 2011 105km
FCV Z-Shine Fuel-Cell sedan (test run from 2010) Lithium-ion battery (375V/8Ah) Permanent magnet linear synchronous motor (88kW/210Nm) Hydrogen-fuel cells (55kW/360V) 350km
EV Alsvin EV hatchback (test run from 2010) Lithium-ion battery (375V/9Ah) Permanent magnet linear synchronous motor (60kW/170Nm) n.a. 200km
Micro HEV Chana Star 2 HEV minivan by 2012 Equipped with idle reduction system with BSG In-house, 4-cylinder 1.0L (60kW/102Nm), 5-speed MT n.a.
Chana Star S460 HEV minivan by 2012 Equipped with idle reduction system 4-cylinder, 1.0L (51kW), 5-speed MT n.a.
Chana CX20 low carbon version Crossover by 2012 Equipped with Bosch's idle reduction system 1.3L n.a.

(Note) The expression of the Z-Shine HEV 1.5L sedan [Mild HEV] is as announced by Changan Automobile.

 



BAIC Group to introduce three EV passenger car models in the latter half of 2011, targeting to produce 150,000 by its subsidiary for new energy vehicles in 2015

 BAIC Group has already owned technologies for the development and manufacture of new energy vehicles including EVs and HEVs, for the control of such vehicles, and for electric drive system, intending to make EVs into the core of its new energy vehicle business. By enhancing development, procurement, and manufacturing activities, the company will reduce production costs of new energy vehicles to the level of gasoline/diesel-powered vehicles by 2020.

 BAIC Group introduced Beiqi Foton Motor's EV version of the CDV (Midi EV) for the taxi market in March 2011.

 In addition, BAIC New Energy Automobile Co., which is under the umbrella of BAIC Group, will begin small-lot production of EVs (Beijing C30DB/M30RB/Q60FB) in 2011, which are based on the C70/C30 passenger cars under Beijing brand. The 2011 production target is 3,500 (Note 1). In addition, the company has announced its intention to additionally introduce EV versions of C/B/A+/A/A0 segment cars and mini vehicles in the future to expand its lineup of EVs. (Among them, C/B/A+ segment models are new models based on the models of Saab, which BAIC Group has acquired.)

 In the field of commercial vehicles, BAIC Group intends to give priority to the promotion of the new energy vehicle business including HEVs and FCVs.

 The company will invest 3.75 billion RMB in the new energy passenger car and commercial vehicle business including technology for main components (of the investment, 1.7 billion RMB in BAIC New Energy Automobile Co., 1.5 billion RMB in Beiqi Foton Motor, and 0.55 billion RMB in the core component business) during the few years from 2011. The company aims to produce and sell 5% of its group's annul vehicle production and sales with new energy vehicles by 2015.

 In the development of parts, the company has announced its intention to promote an alliance with other companies and to improve the capacity of driving Lithium-ion batteries by about 50% and the battery life by more than 40% (can be charged about 2,000 times as a driving battery) by 2015.

  (Note 1) BAIC New Energy Automobile Co. targets the production of 150,000 new energy vehicles in 2015. It targets the production of core components for 330,000 vehicles.

 

BAIC Group

Launched
  Model Launch year Driving rechargeable battery Motor (max. power/ max. torque) Engine (max. power/ max. torque), Transmission Max. range
Beiqi Foton Motor EV Midi EV (CDV) Mar. 2011 (for taxi only) ENAX's replaceable manganese acid lithium-ion battery (33kWh/50Ah) Permanent magnet linear synchronous motor (80kW/280Nm) n.a. 170km
Scheduled launch
  Model Launch year Driving rechargeable battery (power voltage/ electric capacity) Motor (max. power/ max. torque) Engine (max.  power/ max. torque), Transmission Max. range
BAIC New Energy Automobile Co. HEV Luba HEV (SUV) by 2015 Lithium-ion battery (360V /8Ah) Dual rotor (rated output: outer rotor 52.6kW, inner rotor 38kW) Compliant with Euro 4 emission standards, 2.4L (105kW), EVT (Electrical Variable Transmission) n.a.
Yongshi HEV (SUV, 4WD) by 2015 Nickel-metal- hydride battery (312V/6Ah) Permanent magnet linear synchronous motor (312V, 24kW) 2.8L, common-rail diesel type (85kW), 5-speed Transmission n.a.
B90 HEV (SUV) 2012 or after Equipped with Dual Mode (two driving mode) HEV system (Details are unknown) 5.7L V8 (248kW/498Nm), 4-speed AT n.a.
EV Beijing C30DB hatchback Second half of 2011 Lithium-ion battery (31kW/20.16kWh, 336V/100Ah) AC asynchronous motor (288~336V, 47kW/82Nm) n.a. 150km
Beijing M30RB minivan Second half of 2011 n.a. (352V, 24.64kWh) n.a. 150km
Beijing Q60FB sedan Second half of 2011 Self-development, lithium-ion battery (23kWh) Dayang Motor's, permanent magnet linear synchronous motor (30kW)) n.a. 150km
Dajun Motor's, permanent magnet linear synchronous motor (60kW)) 150km
Beijing BE701 sedan by 2015 (test run from 2011) Lithium-ion iron phosphate battery Permanent magnet linear synchronous motor 4AT 200km
C70 EV sedan 2012 or later Lithium-ion iron phosphate battery (260~378V/75Ah) Permanent magnet linear synchronous motor (110kW/300Nm) AT with manual mode 160km
Beijing C71 EV sedan 2012 or later In-house, replaceable type lithium-ion iron phosphate battery (336V/75Ah) Water-cooled type, permanent magnet linear synchronous motor (110kW/300Nm) n.a. 150km

 



Guangzhou Automobile Group (GAC) to introduce EV/HEV/PHEV in 2011 or later, targeting to sell 200,000 new energy vehicles in 2015

 Guangzhou Automobile Group (GAC), which is currently being reorganized, says that it targets the production and sales of about 200,000 new energy vehicles, which consist of A/B/C segment HEVs (including PHEVs) and A00/A0 segment EVs, per year in 2015. In addition, the company announces its intention to carry out a test run of FCVs.

 At the Guangzhou Motor Show 2010 held in December 2010, GAC unveiled its plan to expand its lineup of its own-brand HEV sedans from mild HEVs, to strong HEVs, and further to PHEVs, based on its own-brand Trumpchi sedan in the future.

 

GAC

Scheduled launch
  Model Launch year Driving rechargeable battery (power voltage/ electric capacity) Motor (max. power/ max. torque) Engine (max. power/ max. torque), Transmission Max. range
GAC Motor EV Trumpchi EV sedan (concept model launched in Dec. 2010) Lithium-ion battery Two 8-pole in-wheel motors (166kW/1650Nm) n.a.
HEV Trumpchi HEV sedan (released to develop in Dec. 2010) Firtst equipped with a mild HEV system. and then, a strong HEV system (Details are unknown) n.a.
PHEV Trumpchi PHEV sedan Equipped with PHEV system (Details are unknown) n.a.
GAC Changfeng Motor HEV Kylin HEV (MPV) 2011 or later n.a. Mitsubishi Motors' model, 1.6L (74.2kW) n.a.
EV Liebao EV-CS7 (Crossover) by 2015 Lithium-ion iron phosphate battery (312V/100Ah, over 30kWh) Water-cooled type, AC asynchronous motor (75kW/199Nm) n.a. 160km
PHEV Liebao CS7 PHEV (SUV) 2011 or later Lithium-ion battery ISG (30kW) 1.3L (65kW), CVT 50km (EV mode)
GAC Gonow Automobile EV Xingwang EV (minivan) 2011 Manganese acid lithium-ion battery n.a. (38.5kW/83Nm) n.a. 130km

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