Detroit Auto Show 2011 (2): vehicles slated for sale and powertrains
European and US automakers will introduce vehicles with turbocharged small engines and with...
The following report outlines the summary of the vehicles going on sale in the US in 2011 and after, and the powertrains with the related products (includes Denso displays) exhibited at the 2011 North American International Auto Show held in Detroit, US from January 10 to 23, 2011 ( "Detroit Auto Show").
In the US, the improved automotive production/sales volume tells the signs of recovery, and as GM, once received the funding from the government, has been re-listed, we are beginning to see the signs of an economic upturn. At the Detroit Auto Show, Ford occupied a 25% wider floor space than last year and exhibited 75 vehicles, the entire show is back and revived.
In this text, the abbreviations of HEV (Hybrid Electric Vehicle), EV (Electric Vehicle), and PHEV (Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle) have been utilized. Also, the details of the electric vehicles, such as the HEV exhibited by the automakers at this Detroit Auto Show, are posted in the report "Detroit Auto Show 2011 (1): electric vehicles on display" for your reference.
Toyota: New Prius, Scion iQ to go on sale in North America in 2011, the concept car based on the Sienna etc.
Toyota has exhibited at their three brand booths as Toyota, Scion, and Lexus. Toyota has exhibited the total 10 electric vehicles under Toyota and Lexus brands such as new Prius v based on the current third generation Prius and Prius c Concept, etc. Also, the details are posted in the report "Detroit Auto Show 2011 (1): electric vehicles on display" for your reference.
Besides the electric vehicle, Toyota has exhibited the iQ, already in the Japanese market (for the North American market, this is to go on sale in 2011), the concept car Sienna Swagger Wagon with an extended vehicle length of 1.2m from the base car, minivan Siena, exhibited at the 2011 SEMA show, and the sports car Lexus LFA to go on sale from 2011 with limited volume. The iQ features a 90hp 1.3L in-line 4 DOHC engine with Dual VVT-I (both intake and exhaust valves with variable valve timing) and CVT, for 4 passengers (3+1), and equipped with 10 air bags. Lexus LFA is equipped with the newly-developed 4.8L DOHC V10 4-valve engine with a compression ratio of 12.0, a maximum rotation speed of 9000rpm, a maximum power output of 412kW (560ps), and a maximum torque of 480N･m.
iQ production vehicle that is to go on sale in North America (this is to go on sale under the brand name Scion in the US)
The side view of the iQ mass production vehicle that is to go on sale in North America as well
Concept car Sienna Swagger Wagon
Honda: The new 2012 model Civic concept car
Honda announced the 9th generation new Civic Si coupe and sedan that are going on sale in spring 2011 in North America. Honda introduced, in addition to the sedan and sporty Si with gasoline engine, HEV and natural gas GX for Civic to be accepted by a wide range of customers. Honda aligned the balanced line-up for satisfying low fuel consumption, low emission, and pleasure in driving.
In the new model Civic, in addition to VSA (Vehicle Stability Assist) that comes standard in all models, Eco Assist has also been installed and adopted on HEV CR-Z and Insight--it changes the color of the speedometer by responding to the real-time fuel consumption rate during operation. Engine specifications and fuel economy are unpublished at this point.
In addition, Honda exhibited the Odyssey which had been redesigned in 2010, HEV Insight and CR-Z, and EV concept Fit. Regarding the new model Odyssey, 4th generation in North America, 6-speed AT has been added on its high-end model.
New Civic Si coupe that is to go on sale this spring
New 2011 Honda Odyssey
Mazda: The subcompact car Mazda2 which was introduced into US market in 2010
Mazda exhibited the subcompact car Mazda2 (Demio in Japan) which was introduced into the US market in 2010. 4-speed AT or 5-speed MT is installed on the 100hp 1.5L in-line 4 engine and ABS with EBD (Electronic Brake force Distribution system), traction control, and brake assist are the standard equipments. City/highway fuel consumption is 29/35mpg(MT)
Mazda2 which Mazda introduced into the US market in 2010
Subaru: IMPREZA WRX STI with horizontally opposed 4-cylinder DOHC Turbo engine
Subaru exhibited Subaru Impreza WRX STI which has been marketed in the US. IMPREZA WRX STI has a 2.0L horizontally opposed 4-valve DOHC 4-cylinder inter-cooled turbo engine with a maximum power output of 305hp and a maximum torque of 290lb･ft/393N･m, featuring active valve control system (AVCS) on both intake and exhaust sides and combined with 5-speed MT, and Driver Controlled Center Differential (DCCD) to adjust the front and rear drive ratio of the full-time 4-wheel drive.
In addition to the above, the company exhibited the Impreza Concept unveiled at the Los Angeles Auto Show last year. The sporty 4-door coupe with full-time 4-wheel drive has a 2L engine and CVT.
SUBARU IMPREZA WRX STI
SUBARU IMPREZA Concept
Denso: The futuristic Cockpit
Denso exhibited a futuristic cockpit named "Synchronism Concept" which was exhibited at the ITS World Congress held in October 2010 in Pusan, South Korea. Denso proposed the concept of "connecting people with vehicles," in which, by working with a smartphone located in the center of steering wheel, the driver can change the indication of the panel. Also, the camera installed in the instrumental cluster detects the drowsiness of a driver and give a warning.
Additionally, Denso exhibited the starter for the idle stop, which has been developed since 1980s, and related components for HEV. Denso placed their exhibition booth on the main floor, the same floor as the automakers.
The futuristic cockpit "Synchronism Concept" proposed by Denso
The starter for idle stop called Tandem Solenoid (TS) starter
Constant mesh type Permanently Engaged (PE) starter for idle stop
GM: New Chevy Sonic and Buick Verano etc.
GM, as well as Ford, occupied the widest booth in the Cobo Hall, Detroit Auto Show venue, and exhibited Chevrolet (Chevy), Buick, GMC, and Cadillac models. Including Chevy Volt, the winner of the car of the year 2011, new small car Chevy Sonic and Buick Verano were also exhibited.
The new Chevy Sonic is competitive to the Ford Fiesta and there are 2 body types of a 4-door sedan and 5-door targeted at young people. At the GM plant in the state of Michigan, where there were plans to be closed, the production will begin in the latter half of 2011. The Engine will be shared with the one-size larger vehicle, the Chevy Cruze.
Comparison between Chevy Sonic and its competitors
|Chevy Sonic 4-door sedan/5-door hatchback||2011 Ford Fiesta 5-door hatchback||2011 Honda Fit|
|Engine||1.4L in-line 4 Turbo||1.8L in-line 4||1.6L in-line 4||1.5L in-line 4|
|Max. power output||103kW(138hp)||101kW(135hp)||120hp||117hp|
|Max. torque||200Nm (148lb･ft)||167Nm(123lb･ft)||112lb･ft||106lb･ft|
|Transmission||6 speed MT/ 6 speed AT||5 speed MT/ 6 speed AT||5 speed MT/ 6 speed AT||5 speed MT/ 5 speed AT|
|City/hwy fuel consumption||TBD||TBD||28/37 (MT) 29/38 (AT)||27/33 (MT) 28/35(AT)|
|OAL, OAW, OAH (inch)||TBD||TBD||160.1/66.8/58.0||161.6/66.7/60.0|
TBD: unpublished at this stage
GM Chevy Sonic
As a compact luxury sedan, GM announced that the Buick Verano is to go on sale in the last quarter of 2011.
Buick Verano generates a maximum power output of 177 hp (132 kW) and a maximum torque of 170 lb･ft (230 Nm) from the 2.4L in-line 4 DOHC 4-valve Ecotec engine (direct injection, ETC with intake/exhaust VVT mechanism) designed for E85 (mixture of up to 85% denatured fuel ethanol and gasoline), 6-speed AT, and the city/hwy fuel consumption is 22/31 mpg(estimate). There are plans to add a 2.0L turbo engine. 10 separate air bags are standard equipment and the competitors are Lexus IS 250 and Audi A3.
GM compact luxury sedan Buick Verano
GM, in addition to the above, exhibited the GMC Sierra heavy-duty based 4-door off-road All Terrain HD Concept. This vehicle has a 172cm truck bed, 20-inch tires, 6.6L V8 turbo diesel engine with a maximum power output of 397hp (296kW)/maximum torque 765 lb･ft (1,037 Nm), and 6-speed AT.
GMC Sierra All Terrain HD Concept
Engine, TM, and after treatment system for GMC Sierra All Terrain HD Concept
Ford: Displays a cutaway of the new model Explorer, which received North America Truck of the year award, and displays the concept car Vertrek
Ford occupied a 25% wider floor space than the last year in Cobo Hall, Detroit Auto Show venue, and exhibited 75 vehicles such as the cutaway new model of Explorer that received North America Truck of the year award, and the concept car Vertrek etc.
According to Ford, there are plans to build the concept car Vertrek in North America and Europe by utilizing the global C segment platform which will account for 2,000K units annually beginning in 2012; the Vertrek is an SUV with a smooth and sporty, yet stylish design with low fuel consumption. The model will be produced in North America and Europe. The engine installed is called the EcoBoost; it is a super-charged small-displacement direct-injection 1.6L in-line 4 turbo engine, and boasts the functions of idle stop and regenerative braking.
For the improvement of fuel consumption performance, Ford decided to install the EcoBoost engine in more than 90% of the models going on sale in North America by 2013, and a 6-speed AT will be equipped on all vehicles sold in the US. For the vehicles outside of the US, a 2L turbo diesel engine will be available.
Ford concept car Vertrek
1.6L EcoBoost engine to be equipped on Vertrek
Ford has also announced that the compact van, the Ford C-Max, currently sold in Europe, will be produced and sold also in the US in 2012. For C-Max, the same global C segment platform as the one for Vertrek and Focus will be adopted.
The same engine, as the one for Vertrek, the 1.6L EcoBoost in-line 4 turbo, will be available. For the North American market, besides gasoline engine vehicles, HEV and PHEV(C-Max Energi) vehicles will also be available.
Ford C-Max inside of the body viewed from top
2012MY Ford Focus (to be released in spring 2011) has the same global C segment platform
Ford exhibited the cutaway new model Explorer that received the North America Truck of the year awarded, and provided easy-to-understand displays to indicate the arrangement of the automotive parts.
A 290hp v6 3.5L gasoline engine and 6-speed AT are installed on the new model Explorer. City/hwy fuel consumption are 17/25mpg for FWD and 17/23mpg for 4WD.
Ford Explorer cutaway model 1
Ford Explorer cutaway model 2
Ford Explorer cutaway model - Parts explanation
Chrysler: 300 and 200 that are to go on sale in 2011
Chrysler exhibited the new models of 300 and 200 that are to go on sale in 2011. A 3.6L V6 engine and in-line 4 2.4L are installed on 300 and 200, respectively. City/hwy fuel consumption of 200 is 20/31mpg (6-speed AT). Also Fiat, Italy who owns Chrysler exhibited the Fiat500 that goes on sale also in the US in 2011. Chrysler did not demonstrate any EVs or concept cars this time.
2011MY Chrysler 300
Fiat500 to go on sale in the US in 2011
Hyundai: Veloster and concept car Curb
Hyundai introduced the three-door coupe Veloster, targeted for younger generations, and this is to go on sale this summer.
Veloster has a direct injection 1.6L engine called the Gamma with a 6-speed MT or Hyundai's first DCT (dual clutch transmission) 6-speed AT. The model's estimated highway fuel consumption is 40mpg (16.6km/L), which could exceed Honda HEV CR-Z.
There is a single door at the driver side and 2 doors, front and rear, at the passenger side.
New Veloster going on sale this year
Dual Dry Clutch Transmission (6 speed) installed on Veloster
Hyundai also exhibited the crossover concept Curb. The installed idle stop function on the 1.6L direct injection engine with turbo generates 175hp/169lb･ft. Hyundai estimates that the fuel consumption of city/hwy is better than 30mpg/40mpg.
Hyundai concept car Curb
Hyundai concept car Curb with double door configuration
In addition to the above, Hyundai exhibited the 2011 MY Sonata Hybrid due to go on sale in the US in the first quarter of 2011 and the luxury sedan 2011 MY Equus, already on sale in the US market, with 385hp 4.6L V8 engine and ZF made 6-speed AT. Equus means horse in Latin and the company said its competitors were Lexus LS and BMW 7 series.
Comparison between Sonata Hybrid and the competitors
|Hyundai Sonata for gasoline engine||Hyundai Sonata Hybrid||Toyota Camry Hybrid||Ford Fusion Hybrid|
|city/hwy fuel consumption||22/35 mpg||37/39 mpg||33/34 mpg||41/36 mpg|
|Re-chargeable battery||---||Li-polymer||Nickel hydrogen||Nickel hydrogen|
Sonata Hybrid going on sale in the first quarter of 2011
Kia: Crossover Sorento, sedan Optima, and concept car KV7
Kia exhibited the crossover vehicle Sorento, which began its production at the end of 2009 at the newly constructed plant in Georgia, US. There are two types of engines for Sorento, 175hp 2.4L in-line 4 and 276hp 3.5L V6 engines with the 5-speed MT for the base model. For the other options, the standard 6-speed AT with FWD or 4WD can be selected. The size of the monocoque body is the middle of the Toyota Highlander and the RAV4.
Comparison between Sorento and the competitors
|Kia Sorento||Toyota Highlander||Toyota RAV4|
Display of the completely bench-marked vehicle, Kia Sorento
Kia also exhibited the concept mini-van KV7. A gull-wing type door is adopted for the rear, and the dimensions of oal/oaw/oah are 4873/2033/1082(mm), respectively. 20-inch tire and the direct injection 2L engine, generates 285hp, with 6-speed AT are equipped.
Kia concept mini-van KV7
Kia also exhibited the sporty type 4-door Optima. The Optima provides both a 2.4L in-line 4 engine (standard) and 2L in-line 4 turbo engine with a maximum output 274hp for your selection. There are plans to add an HEV in the former half of this year. The 2L turbo engine has a higher power output compared to other automakers.
Comparison between Optima and competitors
|Vehicle Model||Kia Optima||Kia Optima||Audi A3||Honda Civic Si|
|Supercharge||With Turbo||NA||With Turbo||NA|
|Fuel consumption city/hwy(mpg)||22/34 (AT)||24/35 (MT)||21/30 (MT)||21/29 (MT)|
Kia Optima with turbo engine
Mercedes-Benz: 2 vehicles with BLUETEC Clean Diesel
Mercedes-Benz, as introduced in the separate report, exhibited 7 electric vehicles at this Detroit Auto Show and demonstrated the environmental technology by exhibiting the clean diesel engine called BLUETEC on S350 BlueTEC and GL350 BlueTEC.
The BlueTEC engine has a 4-valve V6 DOHC turbo diesel and common-rail, piezoelectric injector, variable nozzle turbo, and EGR. Also for the European and the North American markets, for meeting the emission regulations EU6 and US Bin5/ULEV, AdBlue (urea-based injection) system is adopted.
Major specifications of each model are listed below.
|Vehicle Model||S350 BlueTEC||GL350 BlueTEC|
|Engine||V6 3L diesel||V6 3L diesel|
|Supercharge||Variable Geometry Nozzle turbo with intercooler||Variable Geometry Nozzle turbo with intercooler|
|Engine Max. output||240hp||210hp|
|Engine Max. torque||455lb･ft||389lb･ft|
|TM||7-speed AT||7-speed AT|
|Fuel consumption city/hwy(mpg)||20/31(Euro mode)||17/21|
|Fuel||--||Ultra low sulfur or B5 bio|
Mercedes-Benz S350 BlueTEC
V6 3L diesel engine on GL350 BlueTEC
SCR system of BlueTEC
BMW: 3 Series 335d with BluePerformance and others
BMW exhibited the 3 Series 335d with BluePerformance and also displayed the NOx reduction system for the diesel engine--called BluePerformance introduced at the 2008 Detroit Auto Show--with the system components. Both 3 Series 335d and X5 35d models have 24-valve DOHC in-line 6 intercooler turbo diesel engine and a 6-speed AT. By aligning the two different sizes of the turbo in series, it generates an output of 265hp/425lb･ft. Additionally, the fuel consumption of the 3 Series 335d is 23/36mpg and the X5 35d is 10/26mmpg city/hwy. The capacity of the two urea water tanks for urea injection system is a total of 23L.
355d with BluePerformance diesel engine
3L in-line 6 diesel engine and the after-treatment system installed on 335d
Exhibits Urea injection system called Diesel Exhaust Fluid（DEF) for BluePerformance
BMW also exhibited the new 6 Series cabriolet and 1 Series coupe. The output power/torque of the V8 4.4L engine on the 6 series cabriole are 400hp/450lb･ft and 6-speed MT is installed as standard equipment.
New 6 Series cabriole
VW/Audi: Passat to be in production in the US and announced the new model Audi A6
Volkswagen (VW) has unveiled the Passat to be in production from the former part of this year at the new Tennessee plant, which is currently under construction, in the US. There are two types of gasoline engines available for the vehicle: a 5-cylinder and 6-cylinder; there is also a 2L TDI clean diesel engine. The 2L TDI has a urea injection method for the after-treatment system and has a urea water tank capacity of 4.9 gallons (18.5L). BIN5/LEV2 emission compliance standards are met by refilling the urea water around every 25,000Km.
|Major Model||S||TSI SE||SEL|
|Max. power output||170hp||140hp||280hp|
|Transmission||5-speed MT 6-speed AT||5-speed MT 6-speed DSG (option)||6-speed DSG (dual clutch)|
|High speed f/c (estimate)||31mpg||43mpg||28mpg|
|Cruising range (estimate)||573mile||795mile||518mile|
Passat 3.6 SEL will be produced in the US starting in 2011
Passat TDI SE
Audi, a subsidiary of VW, made an announcement of the new A6. The engine installed on the vehicle to be sold in the US is a 3L direct injection V6 gasoline engine with a supercharger that generates 300hp/324.53lb･ft. This will be on sale at the beginning of 2011.
New Audi A6