Powertrain for Passenger Vehicles in 2030 - For ICE Survival

From a technical forum at the JSAE Automotive Engineering Exposition 2019

2019/07/22

Summary

  At the JSAE Automotive Engineering Exposition 2019 (held May 22~24, 2019 at the Pacifico Yokohama convention and exhibition center), various technical forums were held. This report provides an overview of one of the forums with the theme entitled “Powertrain for Passenger Vehicles in 2030 - For ICE Survival -". Presenters from AVL, Nissan, Bosch, Honda R&D, Geely Automobile, Toyota, Southwest Research Institute, and Mazda presented the status of their development activities towards the desired future scenario for gasoline engine-powered passenger vehicles.

  After the forum, a panel discussion with the presenters was held to discuss “Are internal combustion engines nearing their end?”. With the rapid advance of electrification, the question of “how will ICEs (Internal Combustion Engines) survive or are they destined to meet their demise?” was debated by the panelists.

Program (presenter) Presentation overview
Has the ICE still a Future?
(Mr. Guenter Fraidl, AVL)
For ICE vehicles to be approved for driving within cities, after the implemention of the EU7 emissions regulations, AVL thinks that it is necessary to adopt zero impact emissions that do not pollute the environment. To realize this, CO2 emissions must be reduced of 30~60% by 2030.
Forms of ICE required for Powertrain Electrification
(Mr. Masaaki Kubo, Nissan Motor)
Nissan plans to respond to the fuel economy regulations spreading globally by accelerating its electrification with BEV and e-Power.
Key Elements of Future Powertrain
(Mr. Georgis Levee, Bosch)
Bosch envisions two path scenarios for the market growth of passenger vehicles. One is the evolution scenario wherein BEVs will account for 21% and ICE 79% of the global market in 2030. The other is the electrification scenario wherein BEVs will account for 33% and ICEs 67% of the global market in 2030.
Engine Environmental Technology Initiatives for 2030
(Mr. Tomonori Niizato, Honda R&D)
Honda will reduce CO2 emissions through electrification and thermal efficiency improvement of the engine, and aim for a society with zero environmental impact.
IC Engines for the Future Powertrain
(Mr. SHEN Yuan, Geely Automobile)
Electrification is inevitable in the future, but ICE will continue to be the main force driving the future of mobility. For hybrids, 3-cylinder engines are a better choice over 4-cylinder engines and are being developed.
ICE Evolving in Step with Electrification
(Mr. Koichi Nakata, Toyota Motor)
Toyota continues the challenge to achieve zero emissions in addition to zero CO2 for ICE. It considers the importance of sustainable improvements in the thermal efficiency of internal combustion engines towards the future sustainable car society.
Creating a Sustainable Future for the IC Engine through Electrification
(Mr. Graham Conway, Southwest Research Institute)
BEVs cannot be considered as the optimal solution for environmental protection as the air is polluted to generate electricity. Southwest Research thinks it best to combine cost-effective electrification utilizing the power of “And (ICE + Electrification)” to minimize the cost of CO2 emissions reduction while maximizing consumer satisfaction.
Future Prospects of Advanced Internal Combustion Engines for Passenger Cars
(Mr. Tomohide Yamamoto, Mazda Motor)
Mazda is promoting the advancement of zero CO2 for power sources before considering the mass deployment of BEVs. Until then, it is more rational to reduce CO2 by improving the thermal efficiency of internal combustion engines.

 

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