IAA - Frankfurt Motor Show (3): U.S. and Japanese OEMs
GM showcases RAK e, an ultra-compact EV concept under Opel brand while Ford exhibits Evos, a PHV con
IAA 64 Frankfurt Motor Show 2011 was held at Messe Frankfurt from September 15th to 25th, 2011 (Press days were on September 13th and 14th). This is the last of a three-part report and is on exhibition by the US and Japanese OEMs - US-based GM's Opel/Chevrolet brand, and Ford, and Japan-based Toyota, Honda, Nissan (Infiniti brand alone), Mazda, Subaru, and Suzuki.
GM: unveils the Opel RAK e, a two-seat EV concept car, and the eighth-generation of the Chevrolet Malibu
US-based GM unveiled four models of its Opel division, for the world premiere. As a concept car, the company introduced a two-seat ultra-compact EV, the RAK e. Low-priced materials are used for the model. Its production may begin soon. The company unveiled production models such as the Zafira Tourer upper-grade minivan, the Astra GTC three-door coupe, and the Combo light commercial vehicle that Fiat supplies on an OEM basis, for the world premiere.
Under the Chevrolet brand, the eighth-generation of the Malibu midsize sedan, a two-seat HV sports car concept, the Miray, and a pickup concept, the Colorado Rally concept are exhibited. In addition to these two brands, GM also exhibited products under the Cadillac brand.
|Opel's two-seat EV concept- the RAK e||The rear part of the RAK e|
Opel: exhibits a 2-seat EV concept car, RAK e, and a third-generation upper-grade minivan, Zafira Tourer
|RAK e||The RAK e is a tandem two-seat ultra compact EV concept car. The model is based on a steel-frame structure under the skin of a conventional synthetic material. With this structure, the company says that it can achieve safety and a reasonable price (Note). Its production may begin soon. The rear wheels are driven by a motor and are supported by a swing arm suspension similar to that of a motorcycle.|
|The model is about 3m long and 119cm high with a rear tread of 60cm. It weighs 380kg. It comes with a motor with a maximum output of 36.5kW/49hp and a battery with a capacity of 5kWh; the cruising range is about 100km. The maximum speed is 120km/h, but by limiting it to 45km/h, drivers who are 16 years old or older can drive the model depending on the regulations of each country.|
|Ampera||The Ampera is an Opel version of the Volt PHV, which is under the Chevrolet brand. The model can run 40-80km in EV mode. By using a gasoline engine with which the model comes, the cruising range can be extended up to 500km. Under official regulations for measuring fuel consumption and CO2 emissions in Europe (R(EC)715/2007), fuel consumption is 1.2L/100km and the CO2 emissions rating is 27g/km. The model will be launched at the end of 2011. GM's Hamtramck plant in the US produces the model, exporting it to Europe.|
|Zafira Tourer||The Zafira Tourer is a third-generation of seven-seat upper-grade minivan. It comes with a seat arrange system called the Flex7. Each of the three seats in the second-row is separated and can be moved back and forth with the range of 210mm. In addition, the center seat of the second-row can rotate to be used as an arm rest for the other two seats. Moreover, the second- and the third-row seats are all folded into the cargo floor, providing a flat cargo shelf.|
|Compared to the former model, the wheelbase of the Zafira Tourer is extended by 57mm to 2,760mm. The second-generation Opel Eye with advanced safety features including road sign recognition system, lane-departure warning, collision warning, and emergency braking system are available as an option.|
|Astra GTC||The Astra GTC is a five-seat three-door compact coupe. The model has been named the Astra, which is a five-door hatchback, but it is said to hardly share the exterior parts. Compared with the Astra five-door model, the Astra GTC has a lower ground clearance and a longer wheelbase (2,695mm). It will be launched in 2011. The second-generation Opel Eye is available as an option.|
|Combo||The Combo is a third-generation light commercial vehicle that can be used for passenger use. Beginning with this third-generation model, Opel is supplied the Fiat Doblo on an OEM basis. The Combo will be launched in February 2012.|
(Note) Among the similar ultra-compact EV concept cars, the body of the VW Nils is made of aluminum and that of the Audi urban concept is made of carbon fiber reinforced resin.
|Opel's PHV - the Ampera||A miniature of the chassis of the Ampera|
|Opel's upper-grade minivan- the Zafira Tourer||Three-door coupe - the Astra GTC|
|LCV Opel Combo, for which Fiat supplies the Doblo on an OEM basis.|
Chevrolet: exhibits the eighth-generation Malibu and two concept cars
|Malibu||The Malibu is the eighth-generation of Chevrolet's oldest midsize sedan. The model is Chevrolet's first midsize vehicle to be marketed worldwide. It will be launched in Europe for the first time in 2012. Production is planned in the US as well as in Korea and China.|
|The model is 4,859mm in length, 13mm shorter than the former model, but is 1,854mm in width, 69mm wider. In Europe, a 2.4L gasoline engine and a 2.0L diesel engine are available.|
|Miray||The Miray is a two-seat HV sports car concept. Two motors (max. output 15kW) and a Li-ion battery (capacity 1.6kWh) are front-mounted; a 1.5L 4-cylinder turbo-charged engine is mounted behind the cockpit.|
|Colorado Rally concept||The Colorado Rally concept is a pickup concept under Chevrolet brand, which indicates the direction of a next-generation midsize pickup. It is an AWD double-cab pickup. It comes with a 2.8L turbo-charged diesel engine. The model has enhanced off-road capabilities including a height adjustable suspension system (up to 50 mm) and a shock absorber (travel distance: 140 mm).|
|Eighth-generation of the Malibu midsize sedan||HV sports car concept - the Miray|
|Pickup concept - the Colorado Rally concept|
Ford: exhibits PHV concept car, the Evos, and also focuses on presentation of technology
Ford showcased a PHV concept car, the Evos, and the Focus ST high-performance model. The Evos comes with an in-car connectivity system that utilizes cloud computing, combining information such as the driver's schedule and habits, road surface conditions, and weather to provide customized information to each user.
Among exhibitions by OEMs, Ford exhibited attractive technologies including safety equipment and powertrain.
|PHV concept car - the Evos||Focus high-performance version - the Focus ST|
Ford: exhibits the Evos PHV concept car that utilizes cloud computing
|Evos||The Evos is a PHV concept car that indicated the direction of Ford design and technology. Concerning a gull-wing 4-door, the front door opens up forward and the rear door opens up backward (Note 1). 4.50m×1.97m×1.36m. It features a wider style as a C-segment vehicle.|
|Ford proposes a next-generation in-car communication system that utilizes cloud computing. The system combines information such as driver's schedule and health condition, and habits while driving with information on a cloud computer including traffic congestion and weather, providing optimized information to each user. For example, based on a driver's skill and habit and road surface condition, the system adjusts the engine or the suspension to enhance comfort/safety.|
|The Evos comes with a powertrain that Ford calls Cloud-optimized hybrid powertrain (specifications are not made public). By using information that is obtained from the cloud computer including expected driving route/weather, the motor and the gasoline engine are controlled to improve fuel economy. The cruising range is 800km.|
|Focus ST||The Focus ST is a high-performance version of a C-segment car, the Focus. It comes with a 2.0L EcoBoost engine (max. output 250PS/max. torque 360Nm) and a six-speed MT. It is scheduled to be launched worldwide in 2012. The company will make a wagon model available in Europe.|
|(Note) 1.||At this Motor Show, Peugeot exhibited the HX1 concept car, which also has the same-type gull-wing door.|
|2.||Ford plans to start marketing PHV C-MAX Energi in North America in 2012.|
|The Focus laid on its side to show the bottom layout||A rear-seat seatbelt, which inflates to enhance safety in a collision. The company introduced it in vehicles marketed in North America in 2011.|
|Ford's smallest 1.0L 3-cylinder EcoBoost engine. In Europe, the company plans to use it in the Focus in 2012.|
Japanese OEM: Mazda unveils the CX-5, which uses the entire SKYACTIV technologies, for the world premiere, while Subaru's XV SUV debuts
Japanese OEMs exhibitions looked rather quiet as they have the Tokyo Motor Show coming up at the end of the year. Mazda CX-5, which uses Mazda's entire SKYACTIV technologies for the first time, and Subaru's XV SUV are the only new models that debuted. Among Japanese OEMs, Nissan exhibited only the Infiniti brand products, which is why some visitors at the venue wondered "Why are no products under the Nissan brand exhibited?"
|Mazda new compact SUV - the CX-5||Subaru new crossover SUV - Subaru XV|
|CX-5||The CX-5 is a new compact SUV model. It is the first model that adopts a new design direction called "KODO - the Soul of Motion" and the entire SKYACTIV technologies. Newly adopted SKYACTIV technologies include a diesel engine, AT, MT, body, and chassis. The CO2 emissions figure of the SKYACTIV-D 2.2 diesel model is 119g/km. The model is scheduled to be launched in the spring of 2012.|
|XV||The XV is a production-prepared model of a crossover SUV XV. The former model is called Impreza XV, but the current model has a name without "Impreza." The XV comes with a new-generation boxer gasoline engine and a newly-developed CTV (lineartronic). The gasoline model is equipped with a newly-developed start/stop system. The company plans to launch the model in Europe first.|
|BRZ||The BRZ is a model name under Subaru brand of a rear-wheel-drive compact sports car that it is currently co-developing with Toyota. At this Motor Show, as a technology exhibition of the BRZ, the company unveiled a skeleton model of powertrain/chassis, "SUBARU BRZ PROLOGUE" - BOXER Sports Car Architecture II, which comes with a specially-developed horizontally-opposed engine. The company plans to showcase a production model at the Tokyo Motor Show to be held in November to December 2011.|
|A technology model of an FR sports car that is co-developed by Toyota/Subaru: "SUBARU BRZ PROLOGUE" - BOXER Sports Car Architecture II||A concept model of an FR sports car that is co-developed by Toyota/Subaru: Toyota FT-86 II concept|
|Toyota FT-86 II concept||The Toyota FT-86 II concept is a rear-wheel-drive sports car concept that Toyota is currently developing jointly with Subaru. As compared to the model unveiled at the Geneva Motor Show in March for the world premiere, the body color of this model is changed from black to orange. The company plans to launch the model in the spring of 2012. It plans to unveil a production model at the Tokyo Motor Show, which will begin on November 30, 2011.|
|Toyota Prius family||Toyota exhibited three models of the Prius HV family. (1)Prius +: An MPV type Prius, which will be launched as a 7-seat model of the Prius α in Japan. (2)Prius Plug-in Hybrid: A PHV model that is scheduled to be launched in 2012. It can be charged from an outer power grid and can run longer in EV mode than the Prius. (3)New Prius: A third-generation Prius, which undergoes a minor change.|
|Lexus GS 450h||The Lexus GS 450h is a hybrid model of a fourth-generation Lexus GS, which was unveiled in August 2011. It shares a 3.5L V6 gasoline engine with the GS350 AWD model, and adopts the Lexus hybrid system. The maximum output and maximum torque of the system is 252kW and 345Nm, respectively. The European Combined Cycle fuel economy is 6.3L/100km. The company will launch the model in Japan at the beginning of 2012.|
|An European version of a seven-seat HV - the Prius +||Lexus new GS HV model - the GS450h|
|Infiniti ETHEREA||The Infiniti ETHEREA is an HV concept model of a five-door compact car (4.4m in length), which debuted at the Geneva Motor Show in March 2011. Its hybrid system is a "one-motor/two- clutches" system which is used in the M35h (Japanese name: Fuga Hybrid). The company says that it has a style that integrates a sedan, hatchback, coupe, and crossover. The windshield stretches across the top of the structure. Its side door is a double door.|
(Note) During the Motor Show, Nissan announced that it would launch a compact car under Infiniti brand, which uses Daimler's platform, in 2014.
|Civic||The Civic is a new five-door model of the Civic, which is designed for Europe. The company developed it, focusing on ride comfort, handling, and quality of the interior, for customers in Europe. A 1.4L or 1.8L gasoline engine and a 2.2L diesel engine are available. The company will market it at the beginning of 2012.|
|Swift Sport||The Swift Sport is a sports model based on the New Swift. It comes with a special M16A engine/a six-speed MT to enhance driving performance. The company began production at its plant in Hungary in October 2011.|
|Nissan Infiniti five-door compact car concept - the ETHEREA||Honda New Civic European model|
|Suzuki New Swift sports model|