Behr GmbH & Co. KG Business Report FY2011

Business Highlights

Business Overview

(in million euros)
  FY2011 FY2010 Rate of
Sales 3,706 3,349 10.7 -Sales in North America and Europe increased significantly.
-The engine cooling sector recorded the strongest growth in OE sales.
-HVAC business improved significantly.
-Sales in FY2011 exceeded the pre-crisis level.
EBIT 174 98 77.6 -

Sales by region
-As the economic recovery triggered in the previous year continued in fiscal 2011, the sales in fiscal 2011 rose by 13.3% to 1,009.6 million euro, due to the increased volumes and exports.

-Behr Czech Group achieved two-digit growth with an increase of 24.0% compared to 2010, although the production sites in Southern Europe, including Spain and France, posted lower growth.

North America
-Behr America already managed to improve its situation significantly in the previous year. This positive trend continued in 2011. Sales amounted to 657.3 million euro and were 16.4% up on the previous year.

-Sales improvement in the region Asia was more moderate at 7.3% year-on-year.

-Following company achieved sales growth in 2011; sales in Behr India rose by 15.8%; sales in the Chinese joint venture Shanghai Behr Thermal Systems increased by 9.7%; sales in the Chinese joint venture Shanghai Sanden Behr Automotive Air Conditioning rose by 7.2%.

-On the other hand, the joint venture Dongfeng Behr Thermal Systems, Behr Jinan and Behr Korea registered negative growth, respectively.

Share agreement with Mahle

-Mahle GmbH and the Company have agreed that Mahle will acquire shares in the Company in several stages. In the first stage in 2010, Mahle acquired 19.9% of shares. And in January 2011, Mahle increased its share from 19.9 to 36.85%. Mahle's share in the Company will be increased to more than 50% on January 1, 2013.

-In the course of the majority takeover, all sales staff and development engineers previously based at the Company's site in Aruja are to relocate to Mahle in Jundiai research and development center, located close to Sao Paulo, by mid 2012.

Business Partnership

-In Februay 2011, the Company's joint venture Shanghai Behr Thermal Systems (SBTS) and the Chinese automotive manufacture SAIC signed a cooperation agreement for the development of the thermal management system for an electric vehicle. Behr and SBTS have already been working on the thermal management system for a hybrid vehicle for SAIC since 2009.


Main contracts in 2011
-HVAC module for Porsche "911"
-Visco coolant pump for Mercedes-Benz "Actros"
-Exhaust gas heat exchanger for Volkswagen in February 2012 and for the PSA Group in 2013 at Namestovo plant, Slovakia, respectively
-Oil cooler for Volvo in the second half of 2012 at Namestovo plant, Slovakia
-HVAC module for a new KAMAZ vehicle planned to go into series production in 2015
-Visco clutch and fan for the engine manufacturer YaMZ Avtodiesel
-Exhaust gas exchanger for Vaihingen/Enz and Pforzheim
-Thermostat for AvtoVAZ

-Charge air coolers for the Indian assembly lines of Nissan, Tata and Volkswagen at Chennai plant
-HVAC module for the Volkswagen "Polo" at Chennai plant

<South Korea>
-HVAC module for Renault Samsung


R&D Expenditure

(in million euros)
  FY2011 FY2010 FY2009
Total 217 209 206
% of sales 5.9% 6.2% 8.3%

-Products for the thermal management of hybrid and electric drives, innovations to cut fuel consumption and emissions as well as to enhance cabin comfort continue to be the focal issues of its development work.

R&D Structure
-The Company has two fully equipped Technical Centers in Stuttgart, Germany and Troy, Michigan.

-Some 200 engineers at Behr Engineering Services in Pune, India perform design, simulation and purchasing work for other Behr locations worldwide.

-At the Company's site in Pune-Chakan, the 75-strong Behr India team engages in development activities for Nissan, Renault, Tata and Mahindra.

Product Development

<Co-development with Mahle GmbH>
Air intake modules with integrated indirect charge air cooling
-The Company and Mahle developed air intake modules with integrated indirect charge air cooling. In comparison with direct charge air cooling, they allow up to 80 percent less pressure loss along the complete charge air line. They also result in lower fuel consumption at all engine speeds at partial and full load, as well as lower emissions due to increased heat dissipation during load changes. The engine's responsiveness is improved by shorter charge air lines and smaller volumes, and contributes to improved vehicle dynamics. These innovative air intake modules save space, as both the front end and the charge air cooler can be scaled down considerably. The coolant hoses also require less space than charge air pipes.

Investment Activities

Capital Expenditure

(in million euros)
  FY2011 FY2010
Europe 69 53
NAFTA 19 10
Asia 18 14
Other 7 7
Total 113 84

Investment Outside Germany

<Czech Republic>
-As new programs are stretching the capacities at the Company's plants in the Czech Republic to the limit, the Company optimized the material flow in the Mnichovo Hradiste plant to make room for additional projects. Furthermore, the Ostrava plant is to be expanded as a production center for standard engine cooling components for light vehicles. The plant is slated to double in size by 2014.

-At the end of 2011, the Company resolved to establish a new site for HVAC projects in Ostrov.

-A new plant went into operation in Namestovo.

-A new plant went into operation in Chennai.

-A new site is to be created in Chengdu as of 2012.