CES Asia 2018: Electric, intelligent, and connected vehicles
Autonomous driving, smart mobility and smart cities, and partnerships with IT companies in China
The Consumer Electronics Show (CES) Asia 2018 was held at the Shanghai New International Expo Centre (SNIEC) and the Kerry Hotel from June 13 to 15, 2018. Of the many events held at the exhibition, MarkLines will report on six of the conferences. The conferences featured panelists from major automakers, emerging automakers, major automotive component suppliers, automotive-related service suppliers, major Chinese IT companies, international auditing firms, and major media outlets, featuring engaging discussions on themes such as NEVs (New Energy Vehicle), IOV (Internet of Vehicles), and autonomous driving.
CES 2018: Autonomous and HMI technology applications and examples (Jan. 2018)
CES 2018: Growing prevalence of electric vehicles (Jan. 2018)
Electrification and autonomous driving
Session: The Emerging Role of the Electric Vehicle
|Continental||A major German automotive component supplier.||Haibo Wang||Powertrain Technology/Innovation Director|
An emerging Chinese EV automaker established in 2015 with capital invested by Dahua Tech. Manufacturer of EV smart cars.
|Wei Xu||Vice President|
|Desay SV Automotive||A major Chinese automotive electronic product design and production company. Manufactures autonomous driving-related products.||Li Huang||Director of Research Institute|
|ifeng||Major Chinese media (web portal).||Moderator: Yan Li||Program planner on Producer (Chan Pin Jia)|
The moderator and panelist sessions are as follows. (Honorifics omitted hereafter in this report)
|A discussion between the modelator and panelists|
Predictions of EV volumes on a global basis
According to a report by the International Energy Agency (IEA) released May 30th 2017, global EV volumes in 2017 saw a year-over-year (y/y) growth of 57% to 3.1 million vehicles. The host commented that EV ownership will more than triple by 2020, and that global EV ownership will reach 125 million vehicles by 2030.
Limiting factors in the current EV market
Haibo Wang from Continental stated that batteries are the primary limiting factor for the EV market. For a major expansion of the EV market, batteries will need to have a range of over 500 km, a lifecycle of 200,000 km, a major reduction in costs, and the ability to be charged to 70% capacity in the time it takes to drink a cup of coffee.
Leap Motor’s Wei Xu explained that battery technology struggles to evolve because it takes time to transition from quantity to quality. Additionally, due to the many major technical issues associated with the development phase of EV batteries, hydrogen fuel cells are being considered a viable alternative. Also, regarding the degree of consumer acceptance regarding EVs, Wei Xu stated that consumers already have experience with charging modes and rechargeable motorcycles, but what is needed now is the large-scale construction of the charging infrastructure.
Continental has developed driver-assistance systems, autonomous driving, and automated parking functions.
Leap Motor plans to feature two new functions (facial recognition and finger vein authentication) in its new vehicles set for release soon. The scheduled finger vein authentication feature will be a first in China, with its precision and uniqueness surpassing that of the fingerprint recognition technology currently widely used. Finger vein authentication is more reliable than other methods fingerprint recognition under certain conditions. For example, fingerprint recognition is unusable when a person’s fingers are wet or during rainy conditions, whereas finger vein authentication is not affected by such conditions. In the future, Leap Motor will provide customized services for these two features.
Desay SV Automotive, supplies automotive electric components, and has recently established several research and development centers in China and overseas. Furthermore, the company recently conducted tests for parking technology with Level 2 autonomous driving capability in Changsha, Hu’nan Province. Desay SV plans to realize Level 3 autonomous driving capability in 2020.
Autonomous driving and safety levels
Haibo Wang commented that laws related to autonomous driving are currently undeveloped in China. However, regulations relating to the road testing of autonomous vehicles are being established in cities such as Beijing.
According to Wei Xu, Leap Motor is currently capable of manufacturing Level 2 autonomous drive vehicles and plans to produce Level 3 autonomous drive vehicles in 2020. However, due to the numerous restrictions associated with road conditions, volume production of Level 4 autonomous vehicles for the mass market will take longer. The Chinese government is already permitting road testing of autonomous vehicles, which in the past was nearly unheard of for the government to allow such testing.
Wang noted that Chinese autonomous vehicle road testing lags behind that of the U.S. because China needs to improve its safety levels, which requires large amounts of data and field testing experience.
The evolution of autonomous driving domestically and overseas
Li Huang of Desay SV Automotive stated that intelligent vehicles are currently evolving in China at an extremely rapid pace, and that people have a high level of acceptance regarding the technology. Additionally, Li Huang commented that while there are many opportunities in the market to replicate autonomous driving systems, there is insufficient data accumulation. According to Wei Xu, while the technology gap between China and the U.S. is small, China currently lacks a sufficient amount of accumulated data and driving time. The Chinese government is providing adequate support to the field of autonomous driving, so in the future China is expected to approach the same capability level as that in the U.S. Haibo Wang asserted that because China’s market size is large and adopts new technology extensively, that China will catch up to the U.S. at a rather swift pace.
The following topics were discussed between the audience and panelists during the session.
Continental’s innovations regarding HV technology
Continental has introduced two major innovations. The first is Continental’s 48V hybrid system, and a number of product series solutions established for this system. The second is Continental’s electronic control system for powertrain applications.
Leap Motor’s intelligent features (in addition to finger vein authentification and facial recognition technology)
Leap Motor independently develops sensors, cameras, radars, and ultrasonic devices, and is currently developing a vision-based autonomous driving system. The automaker plans to feature a Level 2 autonomous drive system in its S0 model, scheduled for release in March 2019. The automaker seeks to realize Level 3 intelligent driving by 2020.
Session: Are consumers ready for autonomous vehicles?
|Deloitte||One of the world's four largest accounting firms.||Marco Hecker||China auto sector leader|
|Aptiv||A major automotive component supplier that was spun off from Delphi. The company provides technology and solutions such as autonomous driving and active safety.||Frank Wang||Vice President of Advanced Safety and User Experience APAC|
|Leap Motor||A new Chinese automaker established in 2015, with capital invested by Dahua Tec. and a manufacturer of intelligent EVs.||Jiangming Zhu||Founder and Chairman|
|Deloitte||One of the world’s four largest accounting firms.||Moderator: Alice Yu||China Risk Advisory Partner|
In this session, the moderator and panelists discussed the following topics.
How will autonomous driving reconfigure the infrastructure?
According to Aptiv’s Frank Wang, the realization of Level 4 autonomous driving capability will take longer. When this technology is officially implemented in smart cities, commute times will be reduced to 1/3, and emissions by 50%. In addition, globally there are currently 1.5 million deaths caused by traffic accidents, and the application of autonomous driving technology is expected to greatly improve the traffic death toll situation. The installation rate of Level 1 and 2 ADAS in the Chinese market is higher than the global average. The acceptance rate of Level 4 autonomous driving capability is also at 85%, which is higher than that of western countries. The automobile industry recognizes that Level 2 and 3 autonomous driving capability will be feasible on a large scale in 2020.
How will autonomous driving reconfigure cities?
Marco Hecker from Deloitte stated that conditions around the world vary. For example, Americans are more dependent upon automobiles and most roads in North America have been designed for cars, while in China most roads are designated for pedestrian use. According to Deloitte’s research data, in 2017 more than 60% of Chinese people were anxious regarding autonomous driving. However, this percentage dropped to 25% in 2018. Unlike in Japan, Chinese consumers are accepting and confident in autonomous driving technology and confident in the capability of the emerging automakers. The government’s urban planning administrators have given initiatives for each city, and the government has begun considering the issue of autonomous vehicles coexisting with manned vehicles as part of its “Made in China 2025” plan. As for Level 5 autonomous driving capability, China already leads the world in the three areas of IOV (Internet of Vehicles), electrification, and autonomous driving. By 2030, the number of vehicles that connect on an ecosystem level will reach 300 million, of which 74 million will be EVs and 35 million will be automated vehicles, all at Level 4 or higher. Currently, regulations relating to road testing in China are strict, with only three automakers having received permission to test autonomous vehicles in Beijing and Shanghai, while 12 Chinese automakers have already received permission for the road testing of autonomous vehicles in Silicon Valley in the U.S. The impact of autonomous driving is expected to spread to all ecosystems.
Will autonomous driving reconfigure people’s lives?
Leap Motor’s Jiangming Zhu stated his belief that car sharing would not fully solve the traffic congestion issue. As vehicle usage is concentrated during the peak commuting hours, car sharing alone cannot significantly reduce the number of vehicles. Furthermore, as the development of intelligent driving advances as part of a sequential process, more time will be required to eliminate public anxiety. Leap Motor has defined automobiles as the electronic products of the future. The OEM independently manufactures a series of intelligent-related products (e.g. cameras and radar) and has spent many years developing AI. In the future, the automaker will incorporate these technologies to gradually realize autonomous driving capability sequentially, starting at Level 1.
|A discussion between the moderator and panelists|
How will vehicle systems meet the challenges of intelligent vehicles and IOV?
Frank Wang commented that an extremely large volume of data is collected per hour for Level 4 automated vehicles, so data processing capacity will be constrained if vehicles continue to use conventional electromagnetic management system architectures. For example, the length of wiring in a vehicle has already reached a total length of 2.5 miles. If buttons and harnesses are added to the electrical architecture after Level 4 capability, there will be no system benefits. Large-scale adoption of Level 4 autonomous vehicles still requires a large amount of data to be accumulated in various scenarios and safety reliability testing verification.
Regarding the coexistence of autonomous and manned vehicles
Jiangming Zhu believes that coexistence starts with traffic light control, and that autonomous driving must be designed from the top-down and be standardized. Realization of Level 1 and Level 2 capability in China should be different than in the U.S., and when the frequency of road construction in China is considered, Level 2 and Level 3 roads should not be the standard. Rather than standardizing the roads, rules for autonomous vehicles should be established and followed. Doing so will allow autonomous vehicles to become established in China similar to the way driving habits with conventional vehicles have been established.
Marco Hecker stated that cities with more open policies are more successful than cities that restrict the ecosystems. Regulations of the future will not be limited to only automobiles and the infrastructure, but also include automobiles and 5G communications. Additionally, as a result of the large market share of Chinese manufacturers in the global smartphone market, Chinese automakers can greatly influence the areas of autonomous driving and the standardization of the mobility infrastructure. As a result, China’s ecosystem will be slightly different than that of other countries.
Autonomous driving business
Frank Wang stated that research is currently being conducted on how to construct a commercial platform for autonomous driving. Aptiv has partnered with the Singaporean government from September 2016 and began the “First Mile Last Mile” autonomous driving project in Singapore. Aptiv has also partnered with MIT (Massachusetts Institute of Technology) in Boston and is conducting the “Urban Radius” autonomous driving project. At the 2018 Las Vegas CES, Aptiv announced that it has already deployed a fleet of 200 vehicles equipped with autonomous driving features for its autonomous driving test projects in three locations around the world. In the future, the company may start a new projects in China.
Intelligent vehicles and the IOV
Session: A decisive victory in the new age of smart cars
An emerging EV automaker established in 2017 in Guian New District, Guizhou Province.
|Thunder Soft||One of the world’s leading total solution providers for intelligent terminal platform technologies and mobile internet devices.||Pengcheng Zou||CTO|
|Banma||A joint venture between the SAIC Motor Group and the Alibaba Group, providing solutions for connected cars.||Peter Zhou||Vice President|
|PATEO||One of China’s leading IOV companies, with technologies such as hardware, software, and cloud platforms.||Yi Zhang||Vice President of Business Operations|
An emerging Chinese EV automaker established in 2014, and the first automaker to acquire a product public notice from the China Ministry of Industry and Information Technology. The OEM also produces connected cars for the mass market.
|Tao He||Vice President & Co-Founder|
|SoundAI||Established in 2016, providing speech recognition technology, AI interactive technology, interactive voice technology, and language recognition technology.||Le Chang||Chief Knowledge Officer|
|Zhidx||The organizer of the conference, and a media source that specializes in the intelligent industry.||Moderator: Yihan Sun||Chief Editer|
New age of intelligent vehicles - Deepening our understanding of automobiles (Lecture by Jacky Xian from SITECH DEV)
CEO Jacky Xian of SITECH DEV emphasized that the current innovations in intelligent vehicles represent the fourth revolution in the automobile industry since the beginning of the 20th century, and that automobiles will be the mobile devices for the smart cities of the next generation. IOV technology will also help realize intelligent cabins. Xian also noted that simultaneously there will be an increase in the complex controls for intelligent hardware, as well as issues leading to increased costs.
To address these issues, SITECH DEV will determine usage situations and user requirements, and eliminate feasible and complicated functions by the method of subtraction. Currently, the three initiatives SITECH DEV has undertaken are: 1) Joining the AGL (Automotive Grade Linux) team as the first Chinese OEM, 2) Providing an open platform and providing services unilaterally, partnering with companies such as the China Merchants Bank to develop automotive banking, smart battery banking, and developing shared ecosystems, and 3) Improving on-board systems.
SITECH DEV announced its TEDDY voice assistant. TEDDY features are capable of image recognition, interactive AR (augmented reality), and vocal responses. After the presentation, the company mentioned its partners include companies such as iFLYTEK, Sense Time, Face++, FAW, Mobike, Bosch, and Lenovo. Bosch will provide autonomous driving solutions and autonomous driving sharing solutions.
SITECH DEV founder Jacky Xian giving his speech
A discussion with the panelists
The following key topics were discussed during the session.
Preparing to manufacture smart cars
Xiaopeng founder Tao He stated that Xiaopeng is scheduled to release one smart car model for consumers by the end of 2018, and that the model will include features such as a smart cabin and autonomous driving.
SoundAI’s Le Chang commented that three new models to be launched in the second half of 2018 will feature SoundAI’s interactive voice technology.
Key features essential to smart cars
Tao He stated that first, smart cars will require interactivity and communications capability between the car and user, and secondly the car itself must be equipped with the essential features. He also claims more time is necessary for the mass-production of Level 4 fully automated vehicles. Currently, the functions that can be commercialized include autonomous driving in specific settings and conditions, such as following vehicles autonomously during congested traffic conditions and automated parking. In addition, smart cabins are a direction for vehicle interiors and will expand the interactivity between cars and humans. Interactivity is not only limited to visuals, but gesture and voice recognition as well. Lastly, he noted that intelligence technologies in vehicles will further focus on image recognition features.
Yi Zhang of the IOV company PATEO commented that for the user of an automobile to be assured that the vehicle itself is intelligent, first the car needs to understand what the person is saying and must respond accurately. This raises two key issues: The first is data deconstruction, and the second is efficiency. In the era of voice interactivity and AI, data is considered to be the fuel, and the computational power the engine.
Thunder Soft’s Pengcheng Zou stated that in the future, just as mobile phone display screens became larger over time, automobile display screens (front seat instrument panel/windshield, rear infotainment monitors, etc.) will also follow a similar trend and become larger. Moreover, the number of display screens will also increase. Furthermore, Zou believes that intelligent cars will need to provide a sense of humanity and a two-way car-driver experience. For example, braking should become more stable when tire smoke becomes visible.
Peter Zhou from Banma, a joint venture between the SAIC Motor Group and the Alibaba Group, explained that voice recognition is a key element of smart cars. However, there are three required attributes: data operation, individual identification, and continuous scenes. Zhou believes that voice technology provides benefits when used in other formats such as AR dashboards.
When voice interactivity fully replaces today’s buttons and touch controls
When considering the level of complexity in settings and the differences in user accents, Tao He believes that while it is difficult to specify a date when voice interactivity will replace conventional controls, he believes it will probably take place around 2050 or beyond.
Le Chang had a more optimistic opinion, believing that vehicles sold in the second half of 2018 will feature a number of easy-to-use interactive voice features.
Yi Zhang claims that interactive voice technology is not something of the future, but that the technology is already available today, and that a vehicle jointly developed by PATEO and Baidu with such technology has been already realized.
Session：Connected Vehicles Operating in Connected Ecosystems
|Banma||A joint venture between the SAIC Motor Group and the Alibaba Group, providing solutions for connected cars.||Fei Hao||CEO|
|Alibaba Cloud||A global leader in cloud computing and AI technology, and part of the Alibaba Group. The company provides cloud computing, big data, and AI.||Liwei Cheng||Chief Architect|
|Ingeek||A Chinese information security company, providing information security-related consulting, services, and solutions.||Yi Han||General Manager|
|Audi China||A major automaker.||Hans Lippert||Director of Digital Business|
|Deloitte||One of the world’s four largest accounting firms.||Host: Andy Zhou||China Consulting Partner|
The contents of the session between the hosts and visitors are as follows.
The position and demands of Chinese consumers regarding IOV
According to Deloitte’s Andy Zhou, the company has conducted research showing that 62% of Chinese consumers have high expectations regarding IOV and smart cars, while 87% are concerned about information security. Furthermore, the key market demands of Chinese consumers regarding IOV include optimal route suggestions to reduce traffic congestion, low-cost customized route suggestions, optimized periodic maintenance reports, maintenance cost forecasts based on driving habits, and onboard Wi-Fi.
Efforts to support smart cars and smart cities
Fei Hao stated that Banma will provide solutions to the automotive industry that are based on the AliOS open platform, and through the smart ecosystem the company is currently developing smart parking and smart refueling features.
In May 2018, Banma partnered with the Shandong Province highway, releasing the highway cloud pay feature. Smart cars can use highway cloud pay instead of ETC to pay tolls via the cloud.
Hans Lippert asserted that Audi China is currently restructuring its organization to work in unison with the development of the Chinese automotive industry. Currently, Audi China is partnered with Huawei and China Mobile in Beijing and Wuxi.
According to Alibaba Cloud’s Cheng Liwei, the essence of IOV has already changed from digital vehicles to digital users. The amount of data used by a car in a single day has increased from 10-40 MB to 4GB and will be even 100 times larger in the 5G era. Alibaba Cloud’s functions include supporting vehicle owners and processing data. Furthermore, the company is involved in the development of AI smart mobility and smart cities. Audi China is participating in establishing a city brain in Hangzhou, as well as construction in the Xiong'an New Area.
Alibaba’s strategic moves in preparation for smart mobility and smart cities
Cheng Liwei commented that the flow from conventional IOV to smart mobility and smart cities is comprised of a step-by-step relationship. From a mobility standpoint, all systems have an open northbound interface, where all data will be online and dependent on AI. From the viewpoint of the city, IOV will reach a higher dimension, and the Al city's brain must not only maximize individual mobility efficiency but must maximize urban operational efficiency and will need to consider fairness. The final purpose of IOV is to maximize the efficiency of mobility for everyone. The Chinese government is the largest user of data in China. Alibaba Cloud measures and predicts traffic volume in real time, identifies accidents and gives evacuation instructions based primarily on data from the city road network cameras. A smart highway is being constructed in Hangzhou. However, as video identification is still unreliable, vehicle operation still requires driver intervention (e.g. by displaying traffic signs in the car).
|A discussion with the moderator and panelists|
How will Audi China achieve convenience using today’s smart solutions?
According to Hans Lippert, Audi China acquires massive amounts of data from its users, with the data being used to analyze user needs and usage habits. Furthermore, the data is also used to improve Audi China’s vehicles. Audi China also is currently developing a sharing-based rental car service in Beijing. Finally, Audi China has partnered with Tencent and is developing a mobility service called “My Car.” This service includes features such as location sharing provided by WeChat.
After the realization of IOV, how will Alibaba monetize data?
Data is highly valuable only when it creates a synergistic effect on the network. Singular channels and one-dimensional data have low value. For example, the multitude of data buried in an automaker’s CRM database is of low value. Alibaba monetizes data by utilizing its experience to support automakers and internet companies, while increasing the synergistic effect of data. Data accumulated by automakers that work on smart mobility, IOV, and offline after-sales services can be used create a synergistic effect on the network, thereby increasing its value.
User willingness to pay for IOV functions
According to Banma’s Andy Zhou, users had negative experiences with IOV in the past, so the ratio of users who renewed their subscriptions for IOV functions was less than 10%. In response to this situation, Banma established a new business with automakers to provide unlimited free IOV basic data transmission, while charging for some high-end functions. Banma will offer free technical upgrades and guarantee user loyalty and activity. This will not place a major burden on automakers, as while users will be provided with long-term, affordable internet plans, while automakers can profit by vehicle data analysis. Since Banma launched this proposal in July 2016, many automakers have chosen to adopt this method.
Session: An Automaker’s View on Smart Mobility
|BYTON||An emerging EV automaker established in 2016, producing intelligent EVs.||Dr. Daniel Kircher||President, Co-Founder|
|Deloitte||One of the world’s four largest accounting firms.||Moderator: John Hung||China Industry Program Leader|
|A speech by BYTON’s Dr. Daniel Kirchert|
Smart Mobility, Smart Cities, a Smarter Asia Pacific (Dr. Daniel Kirchert’s speech)
Dr. Daniel Kirchert commented that BYTON’s first production model will be released in 2019. Unlike Tesla’s and past electrification efforts, BYTON will advance its development efforts in the direction of intelligent vehicles and autonomous driving. BYTON believes that automobiles will be akin to the intelligent devices of the next generation, of which a key point is the adoption of an innovative UI (User Interface). “Revolutionary UI will change everything” (Steve Jobs).
The new model features a massive, 49-inch UI screen featuring advanced gesture control sensors, eliminating conventional control buttons and replacing them with remote touch and gesture control technology. The driver’s 8-inch touch screen and rear independent infotainment system displays can fundamentally be replaced with smartphones.
BYTON’s headquarters and plant are located in Nanjing. The plant is compliant with Industry 4.0 standards, has a site area of 4,856,137 square meters, and has a planned annual production capacity of 300,000 vehicles. The prototype production site, which includes welding and assembly facilities, has an area of 8,000 square meters. In 2018, BYTON produced roughly 100 prototype vehicles and tested them by late-May. BYTON development teams are located at research and development centers in Munich and Silicon Valley. The first production vehicle is equipped with features such as facial recognition registration, AR, VR, simulators, and internet video conferencing. The vehicle will be sold overseas, including the U.S. and Europe, a year after its release in the Chinese market.
BYTON has procured investment funding of USD 500 million. Its major investors include FAW, CATL, and COASTAL CAPITAL. BYTON has partnered with AURORA in the area of autonomous driving and plans to release Level 4 autonomous vehicles in 2020. Simultaneously, the automaker has partnered with Baidu to develop localized autonomous driving features.
Finally, information regarding the BYTON K-Byte (Sedan) concept car was unveiled for the first time. The vehicle is equipped with four autonomous driving sensors covering the 360-degree vehicle environment.
The following topics were discussed in the session with the moderator and panelists.
Is the supply chain prepared for the automobiles to be produced in the near future for the Chinese mass market?
Dr. Daniel Kirchert stated that China has the best supply chain in the world because some vehicles with the highest quality in the world are made in China, and China’s supply chain is fully self-sufficient. Of course, BYTON will utilize its development resources in Munich and Silicon Valley. Dr. Daniel Kirchert added that he is surprised at the rapid development of smart cars and autonomous driving in China and noted that he believes that China is already on par with Silicon Valley in the AI field.
Resource distribution and environmental changes for traditional automakers regarding EVs
The moderator John Hung stated that while many traditional automakers have begun production of EVs, those automakers have not deployed all their resources. Mr. Hung then posed the question of how the environment will change when the traditional automakers change their strategies. Dr. Daniel Kirchert responded by stating that traditional automakers have yet to deploy all their resources, not because of their inability to do so, but because they want to make a slower transition to protect their existing brands. Once automakers make the strategic change, Dr. Kirchert added that there will be few problems with changing over to EV technology because it is not as complex as that associated with vehicles powered by internal combustion engines.
Another interesting point made was the connection element of smart cars, which completely differs from that of traditional automobiles. Traditional automakers have stagnated in making this transition to connected, creating an opportunity for the emerging automakers. Next, traditional automakers will increase costs spent to customize vehicles. This is due to the fact that the client base for the emerging automakers such as BYTON are in their twenties, having grown up with smart devices from a young age and expressing a high demand for smart cars. However, the average age of the client base for traditional automakers such as Audi is relatively high, showing a lower demand for smart cars.
Chinese investments in EVs
In the past few years, China has invested significant resources in EVs, leading EV development to become one of the China’s top-level national policies. The Chinese government has shown strong support for the promotion of EVs, smart cars, and autonomous driving, and has implemented various related initiatives. However, one issue that remains to be addressed is the lack of investment in the charging station infrastructure. Dr. Daniel Kirchert claims that in the next two to three years, a large amount of EVs will emerge and China will become the world’s largest and strongest EV market.
Which automakers will excell in the Chinese market for autonomous driving for the “last one mile”?
Dr. Daniel Kirchert announced that BYTON aims to realize the highest level of operations for its autonomous vehicles scheduled to be released in 2019. The automaker has partnered with companies such as Bosch and AURORA and is conducting road tests in Silicon Valley of the prototypes manufactured at its Nanjing plant. However, a considerable amount of time is still required before the company can conduct large-scale road testing in Beijing and Shanghai. Dr. Kirchert stated that for Level 4 autonomous driving capability to be realized, the government must continue to establish regulations, and it should start this effort by implementing road testing areas and regulations in small-scale districts. Finally, in addition to automobile technology, smart cities must also be considered as the government will play an important role in their establishment.
Session: Implementing Smart Mobility in Smart Cities
|Huawei||Major communications technology company.||Lizhi Yang||Director of Smart City Business|
|Voom||An American Airbus Company.||Evan Tahler||Chief Product Officer|
|Deloitte||One of the world’s four largest accounting firms.||Moderator: Simon Dixon||Partner Global Transportation Leader|
Deloitte’s mobility index (Simon Dixon’s speech)
During the session, the host Simon Dixon introduced Deloitte’s mobility index. This index covers 54 cities around the world, with the related data updated annually. Dixon answered a number of questions regarding how cities will address key issues with the two major themes of future mobility and smart cities.
The Deloitte Index research results are summarized in the following six points:
1.The past will be a prologue for everything
|History plays an important role but is not a decisive factor.||·Today’s transportation systems are the result of many years of policy.
·The authorities need to solve issues and improve existing transportation systems.
·Cities can address historical issues through innovation.
|2. Governmental basic initiatives are essential||Start with basic initiatives and later expand.||·Provide appropriate infrastructure: roads, bridges, buses, trains, traffic signals.
·Strict execution of regulations: vehicle ownership, traffic laws, parking, payment.
·Ensure system safety: secure infrastructure and passenger safety, or else people will not use it.
·Ensure activities of private enterprises will benefit the public.
|3. Integration is key||Include participants from a wide range of industries.||·Collaborate with different participants: Central/regional governments, public/private organizations, suburban/urban centers, regulatory authorities/operating companies.
·The following elements facilitate participation: timetables, transportation methods, scope, payment systems
|4. Traffic problems exist everywhere||The cause of traffic congestions is not the number of automobiles.||·Traffic congestion in North America is caused by its automobile culture and its high reliance on private vehicles.
·Many European cities were formed before the emergence of cars, and city roads cannot accommodate a large number of cars.
·Traffic congestion in India, Africa, and Latin America are caused by the improper use of the existing infrastructure and inadequate infrastructure.
|5.Automobiles are actually very useful||Automobiles are actually very useful.||·Automobiles will become a part of a large, integrated system.
·Automobiles are effective for the first and last miles of mobility.
·Appropriate norms and regulations on a scale appropriate to field conditions are necessary: infrastructure, commuting culture, road sharing.
|6.Connecting with local cultures||Improve utilization and results.||·Local factors influence mobility options: geography and topography, weather, social norms.
·Traffic planners should incorporate local culture consideration when planning to solve problems.
The ecosystem for new mobility will provide more comfortable, reasonable, safe, and seamless transportation benefits than the current systems.
|The moderator and panelists answer questions from the audience|
The moderator and panelists discussed the following themes.
Future prospects for smart mobility
Evan Tahler of Voom, which provides intra-city transportation, stated that in addition to helicopters, the company is also developing flying automobiles. According to Voom’s research, 5 billion people will live in cities by 2030, at which point ground-based transportation modes will prove insufficient. Existing subways, skyscrapers, and air traffic also follow a similar line of thinking. Flying buses are considered to be part of infrastructure of the future and expected to be an important transportation method. Voom is also developing air navigation technology with the aim of guaranteeing safety.
Smart cities of the future and the development direction of smart mobility
Huawei’s Lizhi Yang asserted that the development of smart cities and smart mobility requires the efforts of various organizations. Each city has unique problems and solutions, which Huawei calls “one castle, one plan.” Currently, Huawei is participating in the construction of over 120 smart cities and 40 countries around the world. Smart cities involve the following two viewpoints: 1) Cities are a living organism, and not a singular system. For example, transportation, medical care, energy, and safety should not be considered as independent systems, but if they can coexist to create a positive cycle, positive effects in the operation of cities can be guaranteed; and 2) Because various duties are included in the operations of urban services (technical provisions, system management, etc.), it is impossible to solve issues with only a single organization or company. Because of this, the concept of an ecosystem is essential, where society and various industries must cooperate.
The handling of data security in the smart cities of the future and smart mobility
Releasing data is immensely important. Releasing data will allow for the realization of smart cities and smart mobility. However, safety issues arise in the release of data. Regarding this contradiction, Lizhi Yang believes that safety issues are the foundation of success and of the utmost importance. While there are already government organizations that deal with data security-related issues, the balance between data usage and protection is extremely complex. While the demand and appeal for data is increasing in society, data is still relatively protected in China due to various factors. However, by breaking the barriers between data protection and through cooperation, everyone will understand that data can be put to better use. In the past, Li Keqiang, Premier of the People's Republic of China, proposed the concept and proposed methods to “talk using data, and make decisions, manage, and innovate using data”. Appropriate structures and organizations are necessary to construct a fully closed loop system that guarantees data security. As time passes, the public will no longer need to worry about data security, similar to how the public now accepts mobile payments.
CES, CES Asia 2018, EV, NEV, autonomous driving, connected, smart car, smart mobility, smart city, electric
<Automobile Industry Portal MarkLines>