Tokyo Motor Show 2017: Commercial vehicle exhibits (Part 2)
Exhibitions from UD Trucks, SCANIA, Hino, and Toyota
At the Tokyo Motor Show 2017, 153 companies and organizations, including 34 domestic and foreign OEMs, and 27 brands had exhibitions. 380 vehicles, including world premiere and Japan premiere vehicles were exhibited. As for commercial vehicles, 6 large truck manufacturers, and 11 body manufacturers (excluding light vehicle manufacturers) had exhibitions.
As part 2 of the reports on the commercial vehicles exhibited at the Tokyo Motor Show 2017, this report introduces the exhibits of UD Trucks, SCANIA, Hino, and Toyota. SCANIA exhibited the Asia premiere of its new truck for the Japanese market. The Toyota Group exhibited its mass-produced large-sized SORA commuter bus, featuring fuel cell batteries.
See the following report for the contents of Mitsubishi Fuso and Isuzu exhibits.
Tokyo Motor Show 2017: Commercial vehicle exhibits (Part 1) （Dec. 2017）
Tokyo Motor Show 2017 Related reports:
Toyota unveils numerous concept vehicles （Nov. 2017）
Exhibits from Nissan, Honda, and Mitsubishi （Dec. 2017）
Mazda, Suzuki, Subaru, and Daihatsu's exhibitions （Dec. 2017）
Exhibitions from Bosch, Denso, Aisin, and Mitsubishi Electric （Nov. 2017）
EV systems and other electrification technologies （Dec. 2017）
Plastics utilized for autonomous driving and electric vehicle components（Dec. 2017）
UD Trucks: New Quon, and the Quester for emerging countries
UD Trucks' exhibition theme was "Best truck for all drivers." The OEM will continue to develop products that are considerate of people, and will strive to produce "trucks that anyone can easily, comfortably, and safely drive."
In 2007, UD Trucks became a subsidiary of Volvo, changing its name from Nissan Diesel to UD Trucks. UD mid-sized and light trucks are supplied to UD by other automakers, exclusively manufacturing large-sized vehicles, and is the leading semi-tractor trailer truck OEM in Japan. "UD" currently stands for "Ultimate Dependability", and is no longer in the acronym for its characteristic 2-cycle Uniflow Scavenging Diesel Engine.
UD Trucks exhibited three heavy trucks that meet new emissions regulations.
1. Quon 6x2 wing van
2. Quon 4x2 semi-tractor
3. Quon 6x4 dump truck
The OEM also exhibited a Volvo semi-tractor trailer truck, as well as the Quester 6x4 semi-tractor trailer truck targeted at emerging countries, and two engines.
(Left) The Quester, targeted at emerging countries, announced in Thailand in 2013
(Center/Right) The new Quon vehicle meets the new emissions regulations, and has undergone minor changes. The front grill and bumper, which are distinct characteristics of the vehicle, were previewed at last year's show. The design is similar to the Quester, which was released prior to the Quon.
Quon 6×2 cargo (Exhibition wing body)
The Quon 6x2 cargo model exhibited featured a chrome-plated front grill and aerodynamic bumper parts. Although the truck has a wing body, the left side was opened to display exhibition panels.
Length 11,980/Width 2,495/Height 3,755 mm, GVW 25 ton, Loading capacity 14.3 ton.
The truck is equipped with rear air suspension, full cab, inline 6 cylinder engine (11 liter, 390 ps, 1,750 Nm), 12-speed automated manual transmission (ESCOT-Ⅵ)
Quon 4×2 semi-tractor
2,363 Quon semi-tractor trailer trucks were sold in the domestic market in 2016, and combined with Volvo's 351 vehicles sold, UD Trucks boasts the largest market share among truck manufacturers in Japan. (Source: UD Trucks)
While UD Trucks has left the manufacturing of 6x4 tractors to Volvo, displacing UD brand trucks of this size, but its older models are still popular as well as its mainstay 4x2 truck for hauling container trailers.
Length 5,620/Width 2,490/Height 3,335 mm, fifth-wheel coupling load: 11.5 tons. Inline 6 cylinder engine (11 liter, 460 ps, 2,200 Nm), 12-speed automated manual transmission (ESCOT-Ⅵ)
(Left) LED lamp (Right) Finishing of the bumper, steps, and door areas
The front panel and bumper have been newly designed. Vehicles exhibited at the show featured chrome-plated grills, with full chrome plating used for dump trucks and partial chrome plating for tractors and other vehicles.
Minor changes were made to the panel interior such as for the harness and piping.
(Left) The GH11 series, UD Trucks' main engine, is a Volvo D11 engine tuned for Japan (350ps/1,440Nm - 460ps/2,200Nm), and as a replacement for the high-powered GH13, providing up to 460 PS of engine power. 12-speed automated manual transmission (ESCOT-Ⅵ)
(Right) New GH8 (8 liter) engine scheduled for release in 2018.
Instrument panel and interior
The Quon's cabin has been redesigned to improve its functionality. Thanks to an ergonomic design that allows the driver to naturally interface with the Quon, driving can now be safer, more comfortable, and more efficient. (Source: UD Trucks)
The standard interior and instrument panel are colored in grey and ivory. UD Trucks exhibited the different color schemes for its three grades using an open mock-up display. The "enclosed instrument panel," integrated into the large console above the engine hood, carries over the frame and layout from the current model but has been redesigned. The parking and AMT levers extend from the console. The AMT operation pattern has been changed to a more easily operated, upward sliding pattern. The vehicle also features safety assist systems such as collision avoidance and lane departure prevention.
Quester 6×4 semi-tractor for emerging countries
Since its announcement and release in 2013, the full lineup of the Quester is now complete with the addition of an 8-liter engine model in 2015, as well as a variety of powertrains. In the future, the vehicle will be released in Africa and the Middle East.
Length 7,035/Width 2,495/Height 3,946 mm, GCW 80 ton. Inline 6 cylinder engine (11 liter, 420ps, 2,000Nm), 12-speed manual transmission.
SCANIA: Exhibition of the new model NEXT GENERATION, scheduled for release in the Japanese market in 2018
After forming a sales alliance with Hino Motors in 2002, SCANIA became an independent Japanese corporation in 2009. SCANIA vehicles are extremely popular among drivers in Europe with the sound of its V8 engine. SCANIA, along with MAN, are subsidiaries of the VW Group, and have maintained highly profitable sales worldwide.
At this year's show, with its catch copy of "NEXT GENERATION SCANIA" (global catch copy for its new trucks), the OEM exhibited two new trucks, a low cost version, and one engine.
The automaker exhibited miniature models of the vehicles it has released since Scania was founded in 1891 to showcase its history. The SCANIA module system, researched since 1960 and commercialized in 1980, is an example of the industry-wide optimization design.
Scania displayed its latest NEXT GENERATION truck series that was announced in August 2016 and will be released in Japan in 2018.
Instrument panel and interior
The exhibited vehicle's steering wheel was located on the right side. The instrument layout and other equipment were nearly identical to the left-side drive version. The open mock-up display also exhibited, was a left-hand drive version of the highline flat floor cab.
(Left) Interior (Source: SCANIA)
(Right) Open mock-up display
Hino: Exhibition of the new Profia, Ranger, and five other commercially available vehicles
Hino Motors' exhibition theme was "Trucks and buses that do more." It has been a century since the purely domestic-made truck was developed in Japan. Hino Motors' exhibition theme incorporated Hino's desire to for trucks and buses to evolve to convey people and goods more efficiently and safely, and to be more useful in people's lives, to become a company that contributes to society.
Hino Motors exhibited five commercially available vehicles that meet new emissions regulations, with its new heavy-duty and medium-duty vehicles as the centerpiece of its exhibit.
1. New Profia and the Ranger
2. Dutro hybrid light truck
3. Poncho EV community bus
4. Dakar Rally vehicle (exhibited at every show)
5. Two engines for heavy-duty and medium-duty vehicles
Hino Motors announced its new heavy-duty and medium-duty trucks that meet the new emissions regulations. At the Tokyo Motor Show 2017, while other OEMs exhibited special versions of their vehicles for the show, Hino Motors exhibited actual, commercially available vehicles. Although in its promotional materials the OEM claims the vehicles have undergone a full model change, when considering only the cab, the framework, inner and outer panels remain unchanged, but Hino has redesigned the front of the vehicle and the interior, thereby making it a major facelift. However, the chassis and powertrain have been changed significantly.
The profiles of each of the exhibited vehicles follows below, but it is worth noting that both its heavy-duty and medium-duty vehicles won the Good Design Award in the 2017 Commercial Transport Equipment category in early October. Additionally, the Profia won the gold medal award for its class on November 2nd during the show. Since winning the award in 1989 with the Cruising Ranger, Hino is gradually increasing its understanding of the role of trucks and design, and proudly exhibited the award-winning vehicle at this show.
PROFIA heavy truck
Since its release at the end of 2003, the Profia heavy-duty truck underwent its first major facelift in 14 years.
The front panel (the quarter panel has been eliminated), bumper, steps, grill, logo, and headlights have been redesigned, as well as the roof window deflector on the high roof model. The powertrain and suspension have been changed to increase fuel efficiency, reduce weight, and improve mountablity. The vehicle features a new 9-liter engine, a new chassis frame, and new rear suspension. To improve safety, the vehicle is equipped with features such as anti-collision assist braking, vehicle-to-vehicle distance sensors, drowsiness prevention, and lane departure warning.
Length 11,970/Width 2,490/Height 3,780 mm, 9 liter engine (380ps), 12-speed automated manual transmission.
Specifications for this commercially available vehicle include an 8×4 full air suspension, full cab high roof, and wing van body.
The body is made by Trantechs, and has inner dimensions of 9.6 m
New bumper and steps
The LED headlights feature an eye-catching day light. The holes behind the step are used to adjust the headlights. The area around the upper-rear of the bumper, the bottom of the door, and the upper part of the steps was difficult to design because of factors such as cab tilt, cab suspension, and door opening and closing, but Hino was able to demonstrate that its design capability is superior to its competitors.
In addition to minor changes to the internal layout, the size of the front lid panel has been increased (the corner panels have been eliminated) to improve serviceability of the door harness and fluid consumable. The grill step was also enlarged.
(Left) A05C engine for medium truck
(Center) A09C engine for heavy truck
(Right) New stack duct
The new A09C engine (9-liter inline-six, 380 PS, 1,765 N m) for heavy-duty vehicles, features a two-stage turbocharger and twin air-cooled intercoolers, and has been tuned to balance power with fuel efficiency, and designed to reduce weight. The new intakes for the stack ducts have been moved to above the roof to achieve improved fuel economy, lower air intake temperatures, and increased engine efficiency.
Instrument panel and interior
The instrument panel retains its predecessor's round shape, but has been redesigned to improve driver operability and comfort. By satisfying the driver, Hino Motors aims to achieve safer and more efficient driving.
The surface of the engine hood has been flattened. Various dial-operated switches have been adopted for the instrument panel layout, beginning with the AMT lever. The parking lever has also been moved to the instrument panel, making the floor area flat. In addition to improving mobility inside the cab, as well as its habitability, the interior design also contributes to comfortable and safe driving.
To improve operability and visibility, the round instrument panel design has been carried over from its predecessor. The large switches are dial-operated, and the air conditioning outlets are also round, making them easily adjustable. The meters have also been redesigned to feature larger fonts to improve visibility.
The height of the high roof cab has been increased to 2,030 mm when measured from the top of the flat floor tunnel, enabling a driver to stand in the cabin area. The cabin also features large-capacity storage compartments. Seats are available in three versions, and the instrument panel, door trim, and floor are colored in brown hues. The upper sections, such as the trim, are a two-toned ivory color. Hino Motors sought to achieve an open feeling and an elegant and comfortable environment with this design.
RANGER medium truck
The Ranger was developed and announced alongside the Profia, undergoing its first major update in the 16 years since its initial release in 2001. Similar to the Profia, the front and interior of the vehicle have been redesigned, retaining the exterior image of its predecessor, to modernize and refine the vehicle. As with the previous model, the finishing of the various redesigned areas is superb.
Exhibited was the heavy-duty FE model, featuring 4x2 air suspension, wide high roof cab, and wing van.
Length 9,680/Width 2,490/Height 3,590 mm (including truck bed), GVW 13.5 ton, Loading capacity 8.3 ton.
New A05C inline 4 cylinder engine (5 liter, 260 ps, 882 Nm), 7-speed automated manual transmission.
(Left) Washer liquid tank relocated
(Center) LED lamp (option)
(Right) Steps and bumper
Instrument panel and interior
The vehicle exhibited seats two. To enable the driver to move over to the passenger's seat, the instrument panel has a straight shape, unlike the heavy-duty trucks. Common with the heavy-duty trucks are the meters used for the instrument panel and the general interior design, including the colors used.
Dutro Hybrid truck
The Dutro Hybrid truck is the best-selling light-duty hybrid truck in Japan. The vehicle displayed was the wide-cab, low-body version announced in October.
Length 6,180/Width 2,180/Height 2,270 mm, Loading capacity 2 ton. Inline 4 cylinder engine (150ps), motor output 36 kW, nickel-metal hydride battery, 6-speed automated manual transmission.
Poncho EV (Reference exhibit, limited sales vehicle)
Hino Motors showcased concept EV trucks as reference exhibits at the past two motor shows, and has been implementing user tests of these EVs.
The bus exhibited at this year's motor show is an electrified version of the popular Poncho non-step community bus (featuring different front design to differentiate the two). The bus is already in operation in Tokyo and Ishikawa Prefecture. The vehicle was developed based on the short distance, high-frequency charging concept, whereby the vehicle is charged about once every 10 km along its operating route.
Motor output 200 kW, battery: lithium-ion approximately 30 kWh. Length 6,990/Width 2,080/Height 3,100mm, 36 passengers (11 seated, 24 standing, 1 driver), GVW 7.8 ton.
Toyota group: SORA fuel cell bus concept, and LCV concept
SORA: fuel cell bus concept
SORA: an acronym for Sky, Ocean, River, Air, representing the earth's water cycle
The FC bus, first unveiled at the 2003 motor show, has since been field tested, and Toyota has been conducting commercialization testing in various locations such as Tokyo and Toyota City. It was exhibited as a concept model, but will serve to provide commercial bus services for the upcoming 2020 Olympic and Paralympic games. The SORA is a bus that makes best use of the characteristics of the FC unit, developed based on the vision of an "enduring town icon". To enhance the comfort of passengers traveling on bus routes, the design vision was guided by two ideas: 1) as a service vehicle for the entire community, and 2) a universal design and function that is people-centered. (Source: Toyota)
The design of the SORA significantly differs from the boxy, rectangular cuboid design of conventional commuter buses, and adopts a more stereoscopic shape, making it unmistakably an FC bus.
・Unique LED lights in the front and rear
・First domestic commuter bus to feature a single-pane windshield
・Large side windows designed flush with the body, with swinging doors in the rear
・Front and rear tire covers
・Bus peripheral monitoring using eight internal and exterior cameras
・Gentle and safe acceleration control
・Automatic arrival control at bus stops (to improve boarding and exiting)
・Increased convenience through ITS Connect (vehicle-to-vehicle communications, and bus priority control system)
Length 10,525/Width 2,490/Height 3,340 mm, Passengers: 78 (22 seated, 56 standing), Driver: 1
FC stack: Output 114 kW×2 (154 PS×2), ten high-pressure hydrogen tanks
Motor: 113 kW×2 (154 PS×2), 335 N m×2, tank volume 600 liters
Drive battery: Nickel-metal hydride battery. External power supply system: output 9 kW, power: 235 kWh
The exterior was designed by Hino Motors of the Toyota Group.
A large, single piece of glass was used for the first time in a domestic bus for the rear entrance/exit swing sliding door.
LCV (light commercial vehicle) concept
Toyota Auto Body, which specializes in the development and production of minivans and vans, exhibited an appealing, multipurpose LCV van. Based on a single basic body, the LCV is available in three versions (D-Cargo, Business Lounge, Athletic Tourer), of which the D-Cargo was actually displayed at the show. The vehicle is characterized by its single seat (driver's seat), wide sliding doors and a low floor (for ease of loading). It seems to be the concept for the next-generation HiAce, which Toyota is currently developing together with Citroen and Peugeot.
Motor show, commercial vehicle, CV, truck, safety, UD Trucks, SCANIA, Hino, Toyota
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