Ford: Continued growth due to North American market recovery
Refreshed model lineup includes aluminum-bodied F-150
Ford's profit depends on North America
The North American automobile industry continues its strong recovery as the solid economy leads to improved consumer confidence, which is due to the replacement demand and attractive incentives. Ford has benefited greatly from this recovery where sales in North America were chiefly responsible for a consolidated pre-tax profit of USD 8.6 billion in 2013.
To release 23 new models worldwide
In 2014, Ford will release a total of 23 fully or partially redesigned models in the global market and substantially renew its product lineup. In North America, Ford will introduce 16 fully or partially redesigned models. These models will include the F-150 (full-size pickup and the most profitable model in North America), Transit (full-size commercial van), MKC (compact sport utility vehicle (SUV) which is expected to be the core model for expanding the sales of the Lincoln brand), and the sporty Mustang. In China, it aims to further expand its sales with the Escort, an automobile developed specifically for China.
Profit in 2014 declines slightly due to lineup renewal
Although the revamp of Ford's product portfolio will lead to increased competitiveness in the coming years, the automaker forecasts its consolidated pre-tax profit for 2014 to be between USD 7.0 billion and USD 8.0 billion, which is less than that of 2013. This is because the factory downtime, associated with the remodeling, has been prolonged, reducing the number of wholesale units. Costly market introduction is another factor.
To expand sales in China and India
Ford considers Asia to be the most promising market for future growth. LMC Automotive forecasts that Ford's global sales volume of light vehicles will continue to increase and reach seven million units in 2017. Most of the sales expansion is expected to take place in the Asia Pacific, especially in China and India.
* Ford: "One Ford" Strategy continues to sustain favorable results (Mar. 2014)
* Ford China: Sales up 46% in 2013, up 59% in first two months of 2014 (Mar. 2014)
North American International Auto Show 2014:
* Ford takes risks with new ideas for redefined Ford F-150 and Ford Mustang
Beijing Auto Show 2014:
* Ford unveils Escort, Everest and MKX concepts
Fields succeeds Mulally as Ford CEO on July 1, 2014
Ford announced on May 1, 2014 that Alan Mulally will retire as president and CEO on July 1. This is immediately following GM's top replacement, which was announced in January.
Ford leadership change
|CEO Alan Mulally retires||Ford announced on May 1, 2014 that Alan Mulally will retire as president and CEO effective July 1. Mulally has been with Ford as CEO since September 2006. Over the past eight years, he has promoted the One Ford global strategy as a driving force for the revival and advance of Ford.|
|COO Mark Fields succeeds||The incoming CEO Fields joined Ford in 1989. After his experiences as the head of Ford Argentina for the South American business and the head of Mazda Motor Corporation in Japan, he served as the executive vice president in charge of the company's North American business in 2005. He has been the company's COO since December 2012. Fields is only 53 years old, but he has much experience. It is said that he will carry on the policy of the outgoing CEO Mulally, making the transition smooth.|
Source：Ford Release dated on May 1, 2014
To release 23 new models worldwide, including 16 in North America
In 2014, Ford will release a total of 23 fully or partially redesigned models in the global market to substantially renew the product lineup. In North America, Ford will introduce 16 fully or partially redesigned models. These will include the Ford F-150 (full-size pickup and the most profitable model in North America), Transit (full-size commercial van), the sporty Mustang, and MKC (compact SUV which is expected to be the core model for expanding the sales of the Lincoln brand).
|Ford F-150 (Detroit Auto Show 2014)||Lincoln MKC (Detroit Auto Show 2014)|
Highlights of major upcoming vehicle releases
|2014||Ford F-150||This new aluminum-bodied model appeared at the North American International Auto Show in January 2014. Production of the 2015 model is scheduled to begin at the end of 2014.|
|Ford Transit||This is a full-size commercial van that replaces the Ford E-series. It will go on sale globally in the summer of 2014.|
|Ford Grand Tourneo Connect / Tourneo Connect (Transit Connect)||This global compact van and wagon will be launched in mid-2014. It is built at the Valencia plant in Spain. The seven-seater Grand Tourneo Connect and the five-seater Tourneo Connect will be available. It will be introduced as the Transit Connect in North America.|
|Ford Tourneo Courier||This five-seater, small Multi Purpose Vehicle (MPV) will be launched in Europe in mid-2014.|
|Ford EcoSport||The Fiesta-based compact SUV was developed by Ford Brazil. It is sold in South America, India, Thailand, and China. It was launched in Europe in the spring of 2014.|
|Ford Escort||Its concept car for China was displayed at the Auto Shanghai 2013. A production model was exhibited at the 2014 Beijing International Automotive Exhibition. It will go on sale as an exclusive model for China by the end of 2014.|
|Ford Mondeo||The new Mondeo, known as the Fusion in North America, will go on sale in Europe in 2014. Hybrid and plug-in hybrid versions will also be launched.|
|Ford Mustang||The Mustang sports car, which is marking its 50th anniversary, will go on sale at the end of 2014 as the 2015 model.|
|Lincoln MKC||A compact crossover. Its concept for China made its debut at the 2013 Detroit Auto Show. It was launched in the second quarter of 2014.|
|2015||Ford F-Series Super Duty||This model was originally one of the F-150 variants. Since the 1999 model, it has become independent as the F-Series Super Duty featuring a unique body. The F250, F350, and F450 are available.|
|Ford Edge||This mid-size SUV will be fully redesigned in the first quarter of 2015. The new model will be sold in Europe, South America, and Asia. The three-row-seat model will be available for China. It is built at the Oakville plant in Canada.|
|Ford Taurus||This large sedan is expected to be fully redesigned in the first half of 2015.|
|Ford Fiesta||A subcompact car sold as a global model. For North America, the model is built at the Cuautitlan plant in Mexico. The 2014 Fiesta comes with either a 1.0-liter, 3-cylinder EcoBoost engine option, or a high-performance ST equipped with a 1.6-liter, 4-cylinder EcoBoost engine.|
|Lincoln MKX||A mid-size crossover and a sibling to the Ford Edge. It will be fully redesigned in the first half of 2015 and sold as the 2016 model.|
|Linclon MKS||This full-size luxury sedan is Lincoln's flagship model. It is a sibling to the Taurus. From the new model, it will be produced at the Flat Rock plant.|
|Lincoln Sport Coupe||It is said that a sports coupe based on the Mustang will be released under the Lincoln brand. The details are still unknown.|
Sources：Ford Media Release, INOVEV, MarkLines
To change F-150's body to aluminum body
To meet the 2025 corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) standards, Ford has been introducing technologies such as turbocharged gasoline engines with small displacement, nine or eight speed fuel-efficient automatic transmissions, start-stop systems, and active cylinder management. On the other hand, Ford judged that the fuel efficiency for its full-size pickups must be improved to meet the CAFE standards. Ford announced at the 2014 Detroit Auto Show in January that it will reduce the weight of the new F-150, which is due for release at the end of 2014. It plans to reduce the body weight by using aluminum while keeping steel frames.
Advantages and disadvantages of aluminum body
|Advantages of aluminum body||* Weight reduction of 700 pounds * Improved fuel economy. It is said that the weight reduction and other means will improve the fuel economy of the F-150 to exceed 30 mpg. on highways. * Increases in towing capability and payload|
|Disadvantages and risks of aluminum body||* Cost increase. A news article by Automotive News on January 20, 2014 estimates that replacing steel with aluminum will drive up costs by as much as USD 1,000 per vehicle. * There is the risk of an aluminum dust explosion at body shops. Galvanic corrosion can also occur in the event of iron contact. * As a countermeasure, an aluminum body repairing area needs to be partitioned with floor-to-ceiling curtains or walls. In addition, tools dedicated for aluminum bodies need to be prepared.|
Note: Ford intends to tie up with the Inter-Industry Conference on Auto Collision Repair (I-CAR) and fund education expenses for one repair staff per dealer. I-CAR is a nonprofit training organization, which is focused on repair techniques and located at Hoffman Estates in Illinois. In addition, there is a concern that the car insurance rates may rise because aluminum parts are more costly. In response to the concern, Ford is separating the big integrated parts to smaller parts to reduce the cost and make them easier to repair.
GM and Chrysler's responses to aluminum-bodied Ford pickup
|General Motors||* GM does not opt for aluminum-bodied pickups. The automaker will release the new Chevrolet Colorado and GMC Canyon mid-size pickups in the fall of 2014. The automaker considers this as a countermeasure against the aluminum-bodied F-150. The new Colorado and Canyon are 900 to 1,200 pounds lighter than the current full-size pickups. * GM has patented a technology that can weld aluminum panels together without using rivets. Thus, studies are underway to apply this technology to the aluminum body.|
|Chrysler||* The automaker recognizes that the aluminum-bodied F-150 represents an important advance toward meeting the 2025 CAFE standards. * However, CEO Marchionne has said that the cost-benefit analysis of building an aluminum-bodied pickup does not work in favorable way. He said that he is willing to follow Ford's lead if Ford attains success. * Chrysler plans to apply aluminum first to the SUV body, not to the full-size pickup body.|
Sources：Automotive News dated on January 20, February 17, and May 5, 2014, The Detroit News dated on June 10, 2014
Quality issues and increased recall expenses
GM has announced recalls virtually every week since its ignition-switch recall in February 2014. Although not as frequent as GM, Ford also has done major recalls.
Major recalls and added recall expenses
|Four recalls involve 1.4 million vehicles||On May 29, 2014, Ford issued four recalls covering 1.4 million vehicles.|
|The first recall affects the Ford Escape and Mercury Mariner vehicles in North America, totaling 915,216 units. The vehicles have a torque sensor glitch that could lose control of the electric-power steering assist.|
|The second recall affects 195,527 Ford Explorers in North America. The vehicles also have a potential issue with the power steering.|
|The third recall involves 196,639 Ford Taurus sedans in North America. The vehicles have a potential corrosion issue in the license plate lamp. The corrosion could result in a fire.|
|The fourth recall involves the Ford Fusion, Mercury Milan, Lincoln Zephyer, and MKZ sedans in North America, totaling 82,579 units. The vehicles have a potential floor mat issue.|
|Two recalls involve 700,000 Ford Escapes||On May 9, 2014, Ford issued two recalls for the Escape small SUVs to fix two safety problems.|
|The first recall covers 627,275 units of the Escape and 65,192 units of the C-Max. A software glitch may block the air bags from inflating in case of rollover crashes.|
|The second recall covers 692,744 units of the Escape. Defective exterior doors could make the doors difficult to close or cause them to open while driving.|
|The Ford Escape is the third best-selling model after the F-series and Fusion in the U.S. The current Ford Escape has undergone 10 recalls, including the latest two recalls.|
|Further reserve earmarked for recall expenses||In the first quarter, Ford earmarked USD 400 million additionally for recall expenses and also increased its reserve.|
|As a result, the North American region posted a significant decrease in pre-tax profit (by 37.3% from USD 2.39 billion to USD 1.5 billion on a year-over-year (y/y) basis). Total company pre-tax profit also decreased significantly (by 35.6% y/y from USD 2.15 billion to USD 1.38 billion).|
Sources：Ford Release on May 9, June 29, 2014 and 1Q financial reports
Measure against in-vehicle infotainment glitches
|To Use BlackBerry for "SYNC" software||It was reported on February 25, 2014 that Ford would switch from Microsoft to BlackBerry for the software to be used for its next-generation in-vehicle infotainment systems.|
|Ahead of its rivals, Ford has pushed its sales by advertising its "SYNC" infotainment system with hands-free capability and voice control features. Ford has succeeded in appealing to the customers and has expanded its sales. However, complaints about the usability and many glitches have become the major contributor to lowering Ford from the quality rankings. In the Consumer Reports' reliability survey in October 2013, Ford ranked 26th and Lincoln ranked 28th among the 28 brands.|
|Ford aims to improve the reliability of the software "SYNC" by changing the software supplier. BlackBerry's QNX software systems are installed on BMW and Audi models. It is said that they are also used in the U.S. Military's unmanned aerial vehicles and nuclear power plants.|
Rebuilding Lincoln brand
The worldwide sales volume of the Lincoln brand increased by 19.7% y/y to 42,432 units between January and May in 2014. After the launch of the MKC compact crossover in May, sales are expected to grow further. Of the volume, the MKC is supposed to sell the most.
Nevertheless, the Lincoln brand only sells in a scale which is less than half of the Cadillac, one-fourth of the Lexus, and one-fifteenth of the leading luxury BMW brand.
Comparison of luxury car brands sold in 59 countries
The Lincoln needs to be a global brand so that it can be rebuilt. Thus, it is essentail to increase the number of countries where the brand is sold, and to quickly expand the lineup to compete with the main luxury-brand competitors.
At present, the sale of the Lincoln is limited to North America, Norway, South Korea, Saudi Arabia, and UAE. Although Ford will start sales of the brand in China, a large market for luxury cars, the automaker will only export completed vehicles, which are subject to high tariffs, in 2014. Its distance behind the BMW, Audi, and Mercedes Benz (in which local production of these brands are expanding) as well as the Cadillac, Lexus, and Infiniti brands (in which local production of these brands are being prepared) has not shortened but instead has increased.
Currently, the Lincoln brand comprises only seven models. It will be necessary to launch about 15 models to achieve a brand sales target of 300,000 to 400,000 units per year.
Ford's 2014 investment in three plants
In 2014, Ford will launch three new plants: two in China and one in Brazil.
Ford's new plants brought into operation in 2014
|Changan Ford, Chongqing transmission plant||* This is the first transmission plant for Ford in the Asia-Pacific region. It started operations in June 2014. * It has a site area of 75,000 square meters with an initial production capacity of 400,000 units. It will initially produce two types of transmissions, which will be installed on the Focus, Kuga, Mondeo, and Escort. * The opening of the new plant has created employment for 1,200 workers.|
|Changan Ford, Chongqing third plant||* This is the third passenger car plant for Changan Ford, succeeding the Chongqing Plant 1 and Plant 2. * It is under construction. The plant is slated to start operations in the latter half of 2014. * It has an annual production capacity of 300,000 units. The annual production capacity of the three Chongqing plants totals 900,000 units. * In addition to this plant, Ford is building a new plant in Hangzhou, which is scheduled to be completed in 2015.|
|Engine plant in Camacari, Brazil||* A new engine plant opened at the Ford Northeast Industrial Complex in Camacari, Bahia in Brazil. * It started production in April. * It produces the 1.0-liter, 3-cylinder TiVCT Flex Fuel engine with an annual production capacity of 210,000 units. * The investment amount has reached BRL 400 million. It has recruited 300 workers.|
Sales Forecast by LMC Automotive: Ford's global sales to rise to 7 million units in 2017
|(LMC Automotive, May, 2014)|
Ford's light vehicle sales in 53 major countries in 2013 climbed 10.3% from the previous year to 5.75 million units. The majority of this growth can be attributed to China, which saw sales rise nearly 60%. New vehicle introductions of the Kuga and EcoSport, along with strong Focus demand, aided in the increase.
US sales rose to 2.46 million units in 2013, up by 11% y/y. LMC Automotive states "North American growth benefited from strong Large Pickup truck demand as Ford F-Series Light Duty and Super Duty sales were up over 17% for the region."
According to the global research company's forecast in May 2014, Ford's light vehicle sales will continually rise after 2014 and reach 7.05 million units in 2017 in the 53 countries. Again, the majority of this growth is expected to come from the Asian region, most notably China and India, and brand awareness continues to improve and more products are introduced locally. Long-term concern surrounds the lack of a global luxury brand to bolster profitability following the divestiture of the Premium Auto Group consisting of Aston Martin, Jaguar, Land Rover and Volvo.
Ford's light vehicle sales forecast by make in 53 major countries
|USA Ford Lincoln Mercury||2,119,669 2,033,778 85,643 248||2,217,197 2,135,047 82,150 0||2,455,179 2,373,485 81,694 0||2,543,445 2,426,943 116,502 0||2,664,998 2,534,906 130,092 0||2,637,224 2,509,284 127,940 0||2,656,338 2,530,562 125,776 0|
|China Ford Lincoln||381,509 380,715 794||483,754 482,870 884||769,754 768,963 791||907,041 903,804 3,237||973,503 964,744 8,759||1,080,039 1,070,109 9,930||1,167,964 1,156,935 11,029|
|UK Ford||337,501 337,501||347,168 347,168||381,686 381,686||399,328 399,328||397,639 397,639||424,508 424,508||421,536 421,536|
|Brazil Ford Troller||318,864 317,590 1,274||325,921 324,865 1,056||336,122 334,977 1,145||363,987 362,762 1,225||377,382 376,110 1,272||388,218 386,893 1,325||391,071 389,705 1,366|
|Canada Ford Lincoln||272,043 263,871 8,172||274,010 267,870 6,140||280,293 274,479 5,814||287,039 278,741 8,298||290,944 280,923 10,021||290,579 280,386 10,193||288,636 278,274 10,362|
|Germany Ford||257,056 257,056||228,955 228,955||223,654 223,654||214,284 214,284||239,289 239,289||240,893 240,893||256,380 256,380|
|India Ford||96,354 96,354||87,960 87,960||81,657 81,657||110,810 110,810||132,011 132,011||149,787 149,787||178,384 178,384|
|France Ford||135,820 135,820||110,944 110,944||93,399 93,399||107,080 107,080||115,165 115,165||119,583 119,583||138,543 138,543|
|Italy Ford||155,110 155,110||105,100 105,100||92,833 92,833||105,325 105,325||121,183 121,183||133,748 133,748||163,294 163,294|
|Turkey Ford||133,277 133,277||106,166 106,166||108,155 108,155||100,246 100,246||130,264 130,264||146,129 146,129||156,068 156,068|
|Russia Ford||118,031 118,031||130,809 130,809||106,734 106,734||100,192 100,192||126,099 126,099||145,732 145,732||143,544 143,544|
|Mexico Ford Lincoln||86,323 84,307 2,016||82,468 80,442 2,026||85,864 84,098 1,766||95,001 92,904 2,097||107,832 104,933 2,899||113,087 109,976 3,111||115,980 112,763 3,217|
|Australia Ford||91,243 91,243||90,408 90,408||87,007 87,007||94,495 94,495||91,673 91,673||98,027 98,027||88,534 88,534|
|Argentina Ford||104,949 104,949||97,057 97,057||112,343 112,343||85,279 85,279||112,105 112,105||106,656 106,656||104,388 104,388|
|South Africa Ford||43,050 43,050||42,443 42,443||57,903 57,903||64,844 64,844||64,243 64,243||60,424 60,424||67,937 67,937|
|Spain Ford||76,686 76,686||52,602 52,602||55,825 55,825||60,059 60,059||69,563 69,563||77,179 77,179||92,272 92,272|
|Thailand Ford||29,200 29,200||54,865 54,865||51,223 51,223||41,992 41,992||44,230 44,230||61,553 61,553||68,558 68,558|
|Netherlands Ford||46,581 46,581||40,459 40,459||36,179 36,179||37,560 37,560||43,086 43,086||50,869 50,869||56,276 56,276|
|Taiwan Ford||19,858 19,858||18,764 18,764||23,865 23,865||32,215 32,215||34,384 34,384||35,877 35,877||37,297 37,297|
|Belgium Ford||43,472 43,472||32,547 32,547||30,769 30,769||31,378 31,378||34,693 34,693||35,203 35,203||37,896 37,896|
|Austria Ford||27,863 27,863||25,591 25,591||23,734 23,734||23,470 23,470||25,757 25,757||26,799 26,799||28,401 28,401|
|Poland Ford||27,062 27,062||19,834 19,834||22,689 22,689||22,189 22,189||30,466 30,466||34,690 34,690||36,841 36,841|
|Switzerland Ford||20,441 20,441||20,862 20,862||17,662 17,662||19,113 19,113||19,741 19,741||19,829 19,829||21,104 21,104|
|Sweden Ford||21,406 21,406||17,587 17,587||14,721 14,721||17,637 17,637||20,503 20,503||20,750 20,750||22,683 22,683|
|Norway Ford||16,502 16,502||14,334 14,334||12,775 12,775||15,577 15,577||19,944 19,944||20,426 20,426||20,583 20,583|
|Denmark Ford||18,688 18,688||16,027 16,027||18,304 18,304||15,369 15,369||16,542 16,542||17,933 17,933||18,971 18,971|
|Chile Ford||10,126 10,126||11,032 11,032||14,737 14,737||13,579 13,579||13,906 13,906||14,369 14,369||14,666 14,666|
|Ukraine Ford||11,337 11,337||11,530 11,530||11,796 11,796||13,475 13,475||16,926 16,926||19,248 19,248||25,409 25,409|
|Colombia Ford||11,184 11,184||11,695 11,695||14,423 14,423||13,379 13,379||13,876 13,876||15,110 15,110||15,234 15,234|
|Philippines Ford||9,778 9,778||9,390 9,390||13,231 13,231||12,745 12,745||13,721 13,721||15,174 15,174||15,514 15,514|
|Indonesia Ford||15,669 15,669||11,839 11,839||9,907 9,907||10,962 10,962||22,246 22,246||33,363 33,363||35,940 35,940|
|Finland Ford||13,020 13,020||11,080 11,080||10,209 10,209||10,549 10,549||13,130 13,130||14,682 14,682||16,285 16,285|
|Malaysia Ford||7,187 7,187||7,108 7,108||10,660 10,660||10,485 10,485||11,894 11,894||14,201 14,201||14,628 14,628|
|Czech Republic Ford||16,925 16,925||14,502 14,502||11,014 11,014||10,249 10,249||11,703 11,703||12,249 12,249||14,517 14,517|
|Ireland Ford||13,056 13,056||10,898 10,898||10,180 10,180||9,722 9,722||12,324 12,324||14,287 14,287||16,368 16,368|
|Hungary Ford||6,430 6,430||7,239 7,239||7,875 7,875||8,931 8,931||11,112 11,112||12,253 12,253||15,009 15,009|
|Romania Ford||6,848 6,848||6,335 6,335||5,071 5,071||8,379 8,379||9,682 9,682||11,336 11,336||14,988 14,988|
|Japan Ford||3,469 3,469||3,951 3,951||5,879 5,879||6,806 6,806||5,608 5,608||5,371 5,371||5,841 5,841|
|Portugal Ford||13,211 13,211||5,589 5,589||5,119 5,119||6,801 6,801||7,655 7,655||8,549 8,549||11,469 11,469|
|Korea Ford Lincoln||4,184 3,060 1,124||5,126 3,865 1,261||7,214 5,625 1,589||5,407 4,299 1,108||6,044 4,637 1,407||5,899 4,445 1,454||6,416 4,973 1,443|
|Greece Ford||7,060 7,060||3,340 3,340||3,168 3,168||3,836 3,836||4,306 4,306||4,982 4,982||8,036 8,036|
|Venezuela Ford||23,751 23,751||22,053 22,053||12,466 12,466||3,548 3,548||6,875 6,875||9,275 9,275||11,741 11,741|
|Slovakia Ford||3,035 3,035||2,389 2,389||2,474 2,474||3,392 3,392||3,824 3,824||3,993 3,993||4,899 4,899|
|Ecuador Ford||2,281 2,281||2,998 2,998||3,267 3,267||3,178 3,178||3,799 3,799||3,977 3,977||4,409 4,409|
|Luxembourg Ford||3,781 3,781||3,884 3,884||3,435 3,435||2,987 2,987||3,140 3,140||3,068 3,068||3,451 3,451|
|Slovenia Ford||3,707 3,707||2,822 2,822||2,954 2,954||2,841 2,841||3,110 3,110||3,138 3,138||3,663 3,663|
|Peru Ford||1,168 1,168||1,199 1,199||2,258 2,258||2,584 2,584||2,720 2,720||2,815 2,815||3,013 3,013|
|Uruguay Ford||1,572 1,572||1,855 1,855||1,605 1,605||1,774 1,774||1,960 1,960||2,030 2,030||2,195 2,195|
|Bulgaria Ford||1,869 1,869||1,591 1,591||1,225 1,225||1,698 1,698||2,018 2,018||2,293 2,293||2,936 2,936|
|Estonia Ford||996 996||944 944||928 928||1,077 1,077||1,439 1,439||1,571 1,571||1,719 1,719|
|Kazakhstan Ford||28 28||232 232||527 527||770 770||1,039 1,039||1,177 1,177||1,384 1,384|
|Lithuania Ford||734 734||551 551||570 570||671 671||985 985||1,140 1,140||1,352 1,352|
|Latvia Ford||660 660||699 699||566 566||611 611||909 909||1,115 1,115||1,385 1,385|
|Source: LMC Automotive "Global Automotive Sales Forecast (May 2014)"|
|(Note) 1.||Data indicate figures of only small-size vehicles, including passenger cars and light commercial vehicles with a gross vehicle weight of under 6 tons.|
|2.||All rights reserved. Reproduction of any data will require permission of LMC Automotive.|
|3.||For more detailed information or inquiries of forecast data, please contact LMC Automotive.|
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