Fuel efficient specifications introduced by European OEMs: to also expand to medium/large-sized cars

Start-stop systems now available in more models; Fiat launches the newly-developed two-cylinder...

2011/01/04

Summary

  The EU will introduce stricter regulations in phases starting in 2012 with regard to CO2 emissions from new passenger cars marketed in the region, in averages from 130g/km in 2015 to 95g/km in 2020. The EU member countries are promoting the market penetration of the low fuel consumption cars through revising their motor vehicle taxes and registration taxes according to the amounts of CO2 emissions and offering certain incentives to those buying cars of high fuel efficiency.

  As part of fuel efficiency enhancement initiatives, the OEMs began introducing in about 2006 the versions with low fuel consumption and low CO2 emission under specific names. They were initially available on compact cars and are now becoming available on medium- to large-sized cars and SUV as well. OEMs are also making efforts addressing higher fuel efficiency such as developing new engines and adopting start-stop systems.

  Below is a summary of CO2 emissions from new cars in Europe and major fuel efficient versions by European OEMs.

Fuel efficient versions introduced by European OEMs

  Names of fuel efficient versions Description
VW BlueMotion Technology   The name of the versions of the highest fuel efficiencies and lowest CO2 emissions. First used in the Polo in the summer of 2006 and in an increasing number of other models afterwards.
(SEAT brand) Ecomotive   The name of the versions of the lowest CO2 emissions. The SEAT version of VW BlueMotion. First used in the Ibiza in October 2008.
(Skoda brand) GreenLine   The name of the versions of the lowest CO2 emissions. The Skoda version of VW BlueMotion. First used in the Fabia in September 2007.
BMW EfficientDynamics   The name of the technology that achieves high environmental and driving performances without affecting each other. Its concept was announced in March 2007. Available in all models without introducing specific versions.
(Mini brand) MINIMALISM   The Mini version of EfficientDynamics technology that achieves high driving performance along with low fuel consumption and low emissions. Available in all models. The Mini One MINIMALIST was launched in 2010 under the model name of MINIMALIST.
M-Benz BlueEFFICIENCY   The name of the fuel efficient versions first made available on C-Class in February 2008. Availability extended in 2010 from compact cars to midsized cars and SUV. The company plans to launch a total of 85 BlueEFFICIENCY versions by the end of 2010.
Peugeot Blue Lion   Models with 130g/km or less CO2 emissions are dubbed Blue Lion cars without introducing specific fuel efficient versions. All of the 107 series and some of the 1007, 207, and 308 series models are accredited as Blue Lions.
Renault ECO2   Models with 140g/km or less CO2 emissions are referred to as ECO2 Range cars since May 2007 without introducing specific fuel efficient versions. Available on Clio, Kangoo, Megane, etc.
Fiat PUR-O2   The name of the versions with low fuel consumption and low CO2 emissions made available first on Fiat 500, Croma, and Bravo in November 2008. This name is not used in the UK; the name of the applicable engines (MultiJet, etc) is affixed to the car's grade name. The new two-cylinder TwinAir engine was used on the Fiat 500 launched in September 2010.
Opel ecoFLEX   The name of the fuel efficient versions made available first on the Corsa in December 2007, followed by Agila, Astra, Zafira, and Insignia. The use of the start-stop system began in 2010.
Ford ECOnetic   The name of the versions with low fuel consumption and low CO2 emissions maintaining the car's original driving performance, made available first on the Focus in 2007. The start-stop system is used on the Focus ECOnetic model launched in early 2010.
Volvo DRIVe   The name of the versions with low fuel consumption and low CO2 emissions resulting from all-out environmental measures. Made available first on the C30, S40, and V50 in October 2008, followed by certain upper-grade models in 2009.


CO2 emissions from new cars in Europe: 145.7g/km average in 2009, 130g/km eyed for 2015

  According to ACEA (European Automobile Manufacturers Association) statistics, the cars with CO2 emissions of 120g/km or less accounted for only 9% of all new passenger cars put to sale in 15 EU member countries in 2006. The percentage rose to 25% in 2009.

  This trend is reflected in the average CO2 emissions of new cars in Europe which fell to 145.7g/km in 2009 (158.7g/km in 2007, 153.5g/km in 2008). Nevertheless, OEMs need to improve the figure further by approx. 11% in order to meet the goal of 130g/km set for 2015.

CO2 emissions from new cars in 15 EU member countries (g/km)

 CO2 emissions from new cars in 15 EU member countries (g/km)
Source: ACEA Statistics "CO2 in 2009 (2010.3.11)"
(Note) 

The number of passenger cars with 120g/km or less CO2 emissions sold in 15 EU member countries rose from only 2 in 1995 to 1,008,992 (2006), 1,419,388 (2007), 2,039,810 (2008) and 3,233,549 (2009).

 

(Reference) Average CO2 emissions of OEM in European markets

  Average CO2 emissions (g/km)
2008 2009 Improvement
rate
1 Fiat 138 131 5.3%
2 Toyota 147 132 10.0%
3 PSA 139 136 2.7%
4 Renault 143 140 1.8%
5 Hyundai 149 141 5.4%
6 Suzuki 156 142 9.1%
7 Ford 152 144 5.1%
8 Honda 154 147 4.1%
9 GM 153 148 3.2%
10 Mazda 158 149 5.4%
11 BMW 154 151 1.8%
12 VW 159 153 4.1%
13 Nissan 161 154 4.4%
14 Daimler 175 167 4.8%
Europe average 153.5 145.7 5.1%
Source: European Federation for Transport and Environment "How Clean Are European Cars€: An analysis of carmaker progress towards EU CO2 targets in 2009 (2010.11)"
(Note) 

The Regulation officially approved by the EU in December 2009 concerning the CO2 emissions of new vehicles provides the CO2 emissions of new passenger cars released for sale in the EU to be 130g/km in 2015 and 95g/km in 2020. The Regulation further provides a phase-in period from 2012 to 2014 in which the average CO2 emissions must not exceed 130g/km for 65% of cars sold in 2012 regardless of OEM, 75% in 2013, 80% in 2014, and 100% in 2015.

 

(Reference) CO2 emission-based motor vehicle taxes and registration taxes applicable in the four key markets in the EU (passenger cars)

UK   1. The motor vehicle tax is based on CO2 emissions since 2001; not applicable to cars with CO2 emissions below 100g/km, £435 pounds for cars with CO2 emissions in excess of 255g/km. The law was amended in April 2010 to £0 for cars with CO2 emissions below 130g/km during the first year and £950 to cars with CO2 emissions in excess of 255g/km.
  2. The motor vehicle tax applicable to company cars is 10% of the price of the vehicle with CO2 emissions below 120g/km, 35% for cars with CO2 emissions in excess of 235g/km (additional 3% applied to diesel-fueled vehicles; 35% is the upper limit).
Germany   The taxation system for automobiles was changed in July 2009 to the combination of piston displacement-based basic tax and the CO2 emissions-based CO2 tax. The basic tax is €2 per 100cc for gasoline-fueled vehicles, and €9.50 per 100cc for diesel-fueled vehicles. The CO2 tax is €2 per 1g/km. Vehicles with CO2 emissions of 120g/km or less (110g/km in 2012-13, 95g/km or less in 2014 and after) are exempted.
France   1. Vehicles with 125g/km or less emissions are granted incentives at the time of purchase (up to €5,000 applicable to vehicles with 60g/km or less emissions). Those deregistering a 10-year or older car and buying a car with 155g/km or less emissions are granted an incentive of €700 (€500 after July 2010). Penalties are applied to those buying a car with CO2 emissions over 155g/km (maximum penalty is €2,600 for cars with CO2 emissions over 245g/km).
  2. Local taxes at the time of registration are based on the horsepower including the CO2 emission coefficients and vary from €27 to €46 per HP.
  3. Automobile taxes for company cars are based on CO2 emissions; €2 per 1g/km for cars with 100g/km or less emissions, €19 per 1g/km for cars with emissions over 250g/km.
Spain   1. The registration tax is based on CO2 emissions; €0 for cars with emissions below 120g/km, 14.75% of the price of the car with 200g/km or more emissions.
  2. An incentive of €2,000 is granted to those buying a new car with 149g/km or less emissions and deregistering a 10-year or older car.

Source: ACEA "Overview of CO2 Based Motor Vehicle Taxes in the EU (2010.4.20)"

 

 



VW: BlueMotion Technology versions available on nearly all models

  In 2006, VW became the first European OEM to adopt the fuel efficient version called BlueMotion. It is now available on nearly all VW models.

  Its basic technologies include the common-rail TDI, TSI, DSG (Direct Shift Gearbox), regenerative brake, start-stop system, low rolling resistance tire and aerodynamics.

  VW has adopted technologies, similar to BlueMotion but under separate titles, on the SEAT brand cars (Ecomotive versions) and the Skoda brand cars (GreenLine versions).

VW: Specifications of BlueMotion versions and diesel-fueled basic versions

The versions with " * " represent the fuel efficient versions; the basic versions are of the lowest-priced
models powered by the engines of the same class; the vehicle weight is the unladen weight
(as in all other tables below).
  Vehicle
weight
(kg)
Disp.
(L)
Trans-
mission
Output
(PS)
CO2
emissions
(g/km)
Selling
price
(pound)
Polo
3-door
SE 1.2 TDI 1,132 1.2 5MT 75 102 13,315
* BlueMotion 1.2 TDI (DPF) 1,150 1.2 5MT 75 91 14,445
Golf
3-door
S 1.6 TDI 1,314 1.6 5MT 90 118 15,150
* BlueMotion 1.6 TDI (DPF) 1,314 1.6 5MT 105 99 18,130
Passat * S 1.6 TDI BlueMotion Tech. 1,499 1.6 6MT 105 114 19,232
* S 1.4 TSI BlueMotion Tech. 1,473 1.4 DSG 122 138 19,783
Touran Trendline 1.6 TDI 1,539 1.6 6MT 105 134 24,550
(Euro)
* Trendline 1.6 TDI
BlueMotion Tech.
1,544 1.6 6MT 105 121 24,950
(Euro)
Tiguan * Trend & Fun 2.0 TDI
BlueMotion Tech. DPF
1,665 2.0 6MT 140 164 29,600
(Euro)
Touareg * 3.0 V6 TDI
BlueMotion Tech. DPF
 2,179 3.0 8AT 204 195 48,150
(Euro)
Eos 2.0 TDI DPF 1,586 2.0 6MT 140 138 32,150
(Euro)
* 2.0 TDI BlueMotion Tech. DPF 1,592 2.0 6MT 140 125 32,550
(Euro)
Sharan * Trendline 2.0 TDI
BlueMotion Tech. DPF
1,774 2.0 6MT 140 143 30,950
(Euro)
Source: Official website for VW UK and VW Germany
(Notes) 1. Polo, Golf, and Passat are those being marketed in the UK. Others are those being sold in Germany. All cars are diesel-fueled cars. TDI stands for Turbocharged Direct Injection, DPF stands for Diesel Particulate Filter.
2. BlueMotion versions are available on Golf Plus, Golf Estate, and Passat Estate as well.
3. The sales prices are the Manufacturer's Recommended 'On the road' Retail Prices and include the delivery service charges, license plate fees, VAT (Value-Added Tax), Vehicle Excise Duty, and new registration fees (as in all other tables below).
4. The Passat S 1.4 TSI BlueMotion Tech. integrates DSG (Direct-Shift Gearbox: VW's term for a dual clutch transmission).

SEAT: Specifications of Ecomotive and basic versions

  Vehicle
weight
(kg)
Disp.
(L)
Trans-
mission
Output
(PS)
CO2
emissions
(g/km)
Selling
price
(pound)
Ibiza 1.2 TDI 1,150 1.2 5MT 75 102 12,427
* Ecomotive 1.2 TDI 1,135 1.2 5MT 75 92 13,210
Leon S 1.6 TDI 1,325 1.6 5MT 105 109 16,701
* S 1.6 TDI Ecomotive 1,325 1.6 5MT 105 99 16,995
Altea SE 1.6 TDI 1,475 1.6 7-speed
DSG
105 129 18,194
* S 1.6 TDI Ecomotive 1,450 1.6 5MT 105 119 16,897
Alhambra S 2.0 TDI  n.a. 2.0 DSG 140 149 24,790
* S 2.0 TDI Ecomotive  n.a. 2.0  n.a. 140 146 23,555

Source: Official website for SEAT UK
(Note) All cars are those being marketed in the UK. The vehicle weight includes the driver's weight. TDI refers to the common-rail diesel engine.

Skoda: Specifications of GreenLine and basic versions

  Vehicle
weight
(kg)
Disp.
(L)
Trans-
mission
Output
(PS)
CO2
emissions
(g/km)
Selling
price
(pound)
Fabia Estate S 1.6 TDI CR DPF 1,224 1.6 5MT 76 109 11,825
* GreenLine II 1.2 CR TDI DPF 1,219 1.2 5MT 76 89 13,740
Octavia S 1.6 TDI CR DPF 1,365 1.6 5MT 106 119 15,545
* GreenLine 1.6 TDI CR DPF 1,370 1.6 5MT 106 114 17,225

Source: Official website for Skoda UK
(Note) All cars are those being marketed in the UK. CR TDI refers to the common-rail diesel engine.

 

 



BMW: EfficientDynamics technology integrated in all models to boost environmental and driving performances

  BMW's lineup does not include "fuel efficient versions" as such. However, EfficientDynamics technology is available in all its models to enhance their environmental and driving performances at the same time. The EfficientDynamics technology integrates the newest-generation engines, start-stop system, regenerative brake, weight reduction, low rolling resistance tire, gearshift indicator, electric power steering, Active Aerodynamics, etc.

  BMW's recent models are characterized by the high-precision direct injection system and twin-power turbocharging technology in the engines. Aluminum alloys are used in chassis and engines to reduce the overall weight.

  Some of the EfficientDynamics technologies, collectively dubbed MINIMALISM, are available in the Mini brand. The Mini One MINIMALIST was launched in 2010.

BMW: Basic specifications of diesel-powered models with 140g/km or less CO2 emissions and gasoline-engine models

  Vehicle
weight
(kg)
Disp.
(L)
Trans-
mission
Output
(hp)
CO2
emissions
(g/km)
Selling
price
(pound)
1 Series
3-door
116i 1,340 2.0 6MT 122 143 17,610
* 116d 1,370 2.0 6MT 116 118 18,790
3 Series
Saloon
318i ES 1,435 2.0 6MT 143 146 22,155
* 316d ES 1,400 2.0 6MT 116 118 23,980
5 Series
Saloon
523i SE 1,700 3.0 6MT 204 177 31,360
* 520d SE 1,715 2.0 6MT 184 129 28,045
X1 * sDrive 18d SE 1,545 2.0 6MT 143 136 23,315
Source: Official website for BMW UK
(Notes) 1. All cars are those being marketed in the UK. "i" in the model name represents gasoline-fueled cars; "d" represents diesel-fueled cars.
2. BMW's lineup does not include "fuel efficient versions" as such and none of its versions are called EfficientDynamics. The table above shows the basic specifications of the diesel-fueled cars with 140g/km or less CO2 emissions and gasoline-fueled cars. The X1 is a diesel-fueled model exclusively. The gasoline-fueled version is not available.

Mini: Specifications of a MINIMALISM version and a basic version

  Vehicle
weight
(kg)
Disp.
(L)
Trans-
mission
Output
(hp)
CO2
emissions
(g/km)
Selling
price
(pound)
MINI One 1.6 1,145 1.6 6MT 98 127 13,120
* MINIMALIST 1,145 1.6 6MT 98 119 13,450

Source: Official website for Mini UK and others
(Note) All cars are those being marketing in the UK.

 

 



Daimler: BlueEFFICIENCY versions available in midsize cars and SUV alike

  Daimler made BlueEFFICIENCY versions available, starting in 2008, on the low fuel consumption cars carrying the M-Benz brand. The availability was limited to the compact cars until 2009 but was extended to the midsize cars and SUV as well in 2010. Daimler plans to launch a total of 85 BlueEFFICIENCY versions by the end of 2010.

  The key BlueEFFICIENCY technologies include gasoline direct injection engines, Clean Diesel, turbocharged and other latest engines and accessories, start-stop system, weight reduction, low rolling resistance tire, high aerodynamic characteristics, gearshift indicator, electric power steering, etc.

Daimler: Specifications of M-Benz's major BlueEFFICIENCY versions and basic versions

  Vehicle
weight
(kg)
Disp.
(L)
Trans-
mission
Output
(hp)
CO2
emissions
(g/km)
Selling
price
(pound)
A-Class A 160 Classic SE 1,275 1.5 CVT 95 159 17,140
* A 160 BlueEFFICIENCY
Classic SE
1,245 1.5 5MT 95 139 15,700
* A 160 CDI BlueEFFICIENCY
Classic SE
1,325 2 5MT 82 118 16,760
B-Class B 160 SE 1,350 1.5 CVT 95 166 20,740
* B 160 BlueEFFICIENCY SE 1,320 1.5 5MT 95 149 19,220
C-Class * C 180 CGI BlueEFFICIENCY SE 1,470 1.8 6MT 156 157 24,545
* C 220 CDI BlueEFFICIENCY SE 1,610 2.1 6MT 170 127 26,840
CLC Coupe CLC 180 KOMPRESSOR n.a. 1.8 6MT 143 164 20,935
* CLC 160 BlueEFFICIENCY SE 1,470 1.6 6MT 129 154 19,365
E-Class * E 200 CGI BlueEFFICIENCY SE 1,615 1.8 6MT 184 169 28,610
* E 200 CDI BlueEFFICIENCY SE 1,720 2.1 6MT 136 137 28,060
GL-Class GL 450 CDI 2,585 4 7AT 306 307 67,890
* GL 350 CDI BlueEFFICIENCY 2,505 3 7AT 265 242 57,065
M-Class ML 500 2,185 5.5 7AT 388 304 55,110
* ML 300 CDI BlueEFFICIENCY 2,185 3 7AT 204 230 41,210
R-Class R 350 CDI L 2,295 3 7AT 265 223 44,675
* R 300 CDI BlueEFFICIENCY 2,185 3 7AT 190 199 40,525
S-Class S 350 1,895 3.5 7AT 272 234 60,380
* S 350 CDI BlueEFFICIENCY (L) 1,955 3 7AT 235 199 n.a.
Source: Official website for M-Benz UK and others
(Notes) 1. All cars are those being marketed in the UK. The CDI refers to the diesel-fueled models with the Common-rail Direct Injection system. Others are gasoline-fueled models. The basic versions are taken from the lowest-priced cars other than the BlueEFFICIENCY or BlueTEC models.
2. All SE Grade models in C-Class and E-Class are BlueEFFICIENCY versions.
3.

The Clean Diesel, said to be one of the BlueEFFICIENCY technologies, features the urea-SCR capable of reducing NOx in the exhaust gas by 80%. The title of BlueTEC is affixed to the versions in which the Clean Diesel is used and is available on the E-Class, G-Class, and S-Class.

 

 



PSA: Peugeot cars with 130g/km or less CO2 emissions dubbed Blue Lion

  PSA's lineup does not include "fuel efficient versions" as such. However, PSA grants the special title of Blue Lion to those Peugeot cars that meet three conditions; (1) 130g/km or less CO2 emissions, (2) produced at an ISO14001 certified plant, and (3) 95% recyclable. At present, all models in the 107 series and some in the 1007, 207, and 308 series are granted the title of Blue Lion.

Peugeot: Specifications of Blue Lion cars with 130g/km or less emissions and basic versions

  Vehicle
weight
(kg)
Disp.
(L)
Trans-
mission
Output
(hp)
CO2
emissions
(g/km)
Selling
price
(pound)
107 3-door * Urban Lite 790 1.0 5MT 68 103 8,495
207 3-door Urban 1.4 8v 75 1,201 1.4 5MT 75 145 9,995
* Urban HDi 70 FAP 1,243 1.4 5MT 68 110 10,995
308 5-door S 1.4 VTi 98 1,346 1.4 5MT 98 144 14,895
* S HDi 92 1,378 1.6 5MT 91 115 16,345
Source: Official website for Peugeot UK
(Notes) 1. All cars are those being marketed in the UK. HDi refers to the models powered by diesel engines with the High Pressure Direct injection system. VTi refers to the models powered by gasoline engines with the Variable Valve Lift and Timing injection system.
2. The Blue Lion 1007 models exist but the 1007 is not sold in the UK at present.
3.

The above table shows the specifications of the lowest-priced Blue Lion models and the basic versions of the gasoline-powered models. Only the gasoline engine versions are available for 107.

 

 



Renault: Cars with 140g/km or less CO2 emissions marketed as ECO2 models

  Renault's lineup does not include "fuel efficient versions" as such. However, Renault has introduced a collective name of ECO2 Range in reference to the cars that meet three conditions; (1) 140g/km or less CO2 emissions, (2) produced at an ISO14001 certified plant, and (3) 95% recyclable and more than 5% of the plastic content is made from recycled plastics. The ECO2 Range models are available in a broad range of cars that include Clio, Kangoo, and Megane.

Renault: Specifications of major ECO2 Range cars with 140g/km or less CO2 emissions and basic versions

  Vehicle
weight
(kg)
Disp.
(L)
Trans-
mission
Output
(hp)
CO2
emissions
(g/km)
Selling
price
(pound)
Twingo * Expression 1.2 16V 75 944 1.2 5MT 75 119 7,695
Clio * S 1.2 16V 75 1,080 1.2 5MT 75 135 11,540
* S dCi 88 1,165 1.5 5MT 90 106 13,190
Modus * Expression 1.2 16V 75 1,080 1.2 5MT 80 139 11,200
* Expression dci 88 1,185 1.5 5MT 90 119 13,000
Kangoo
Car
Expression 1.6 16V 105 1,430 1.6 4AT 105 200 14,870
* Expression dci 90 1,389 1.5 5MT 90 137 13,880
Megane
Hatchback
Generation 1.6 VVT 100 1,220 1.6 5MT 100 155 13,995
* Generation dci 90 1,266 1.5 5MT 90 115 15,755
Scenic Expression 1.6 VVT 110 1,320 1.6 6MT 110 174 16,520
* Expression dci 110 1,385 1.5 6MT 110 128 17,825
Grand
Scenic
Extreme 1.6 VVT 110 1,444 1.6 6MT 110 178 16,970
* Extreme dci 110 1,430 1.5 6MT 110 128 18,225
Laguna
Hatchback
Expression 2.0 16V 140 1,378 2.0 6MT 140 173 17,795
* Expression dci 110 1,398 1.5 6MT 110 120 18,995
Source: Official website for Renault UK
(Notes) 1. All cars are those being marketed in the UK. VVT refers to the versions powered by gasoline engines with the Variable Valve Timing system. Dci refers to the versions powered by diesel engines with the diesel common-rail injection system.
2.

The above table shows the ECO2 Range specifications of the lowest-priced models and the basic versions of the gasoline-fueled cars. Diesel-fueled versions are not available with the Twingo.

 

 



Fiat: Newly-developed two-cylinder engines used on Fiat 500

  Fiat has introduced a collective name, PUR-O2, for low fuel consumption and low emissions cars equipped with the start-stop system and the MultiJet (common-rain turbocharged diesel engine). PUR-O2 is being made available in a broad range of models.

  In September 2010, Fiat launched the Fiat 500 equipped with the newly-developed 875cc two-cylinder engine called TwinAir. This turbocharged gasoline engine with a variable valve mechanism delivers dynamic performance that normally belongs to a 1.4L engine. Combined with the start-stop system, the new engine represents up to 30% improvement in fuel efficiency and has 95g/km CO2 emissions. Fiat plans to make the engine available on the successors of the Fiat Panda and Lancia Ypsilon to be launched in the second half of 2011.

Fiat: Specifications of fuel efficient versions with 120g/km or less CO2 emissions and basic versions

  Vehicle
weight
(kg)
Disp.
(L)
Trans-
mission
Output
(hp)
CO2
emissions
(g/km)
Selling
price
(pound)
500 1.2 Pop 865 1.2 5MT 69 113 9,465
* 1.3 16V MultiJet Pop 865 1.3 5MT 95 104 11,865
* TwinAir Pop 865 0.9 5MT 85 95 10,665
Panda 1.2 Dynamic 860 1.2 5MT 69 113 9,395
* 1.3 MultiJet Dynamic 935 1.3 5MT 75 109 11,795
Punto Evo
3-door
1.2 8V Active 1,015 1.2 5MT 69 123 9,995
* 1.3 MultiJet Active 1,015 1.3 5MT 75 108 11,995
Bravo 1.4 Active 1,205 1.4 6MT 90 146 14,350
* 1.6 MultiJet Eco Active 1,320 1.6 6MT 105 115 16,350
Qubo 1.4 Active 1,255 1.4 5MT 73 157 10,395
* 1.3 16V MultiJet Active 1,255 1.3 5MT 75 115 11,655
Source: Official website for Fiat UK
(Notes) 1. All cars are those being marketed in the UK. The title of PUR-O2 is not used in the UK. Other titles such as MultiJet and TwinAir are used instead according to the applicable engines.
2.

The MultiJet versions are taken from the diesel engine models. Others are from the gasoline-fueled models.

 

 



Opel/Vauxhall: ecoFLEX versions with the start-stop system available with the Corsa and the new Astra

  Opel/Vauxhall has ecoFLEX versions available in their volume production models that include the Agila (based on Suzuki Splash), Corsa, Astra, and Zafira. It was made available in June 2009 in the large-sized sedan, Insignia. The ecoFLEX version with the addition of the start-stop system was made available recently in the Corsa and the new Astra.

Opel/Vauxhall: Specifications of ecoFLEX and basic versions

  Gross
vehicle
weight
(kg)
Disp.
(L)
Trans-
mission
Output
(hp)
CO2
emissions
(g/km)
Selling
price
(pound)
Agila S 1.2i 16v VVT 1,485 1.2 5MT 94 119 10,670
* S 1.0i 12v ecoFLEX 1,485 1.0 5MT 65 119 10,015
Corsa
3-door
S 1.2i 16v 1,555 1.2 5MT 85 124 11,395
* S 1.0i 12v ecoFLEX 1,545 1.0 5MT 65 117 11,055
* S 1.3CDTi 16v ecoFLEX S/S 1,595 1.3 5MT 95 94 13,715
Meriva * S 1.4i 16v 1,890 1.4 5MT 100 144 15,520
* S 1.3CDTi 16v ecoFLEX 1,785 1.3 5MT 95 119 17,595
New Astra ES 1.4i 16v VVT 1,885 1.4 5MT 100 129 15,495
* ES 1.3CDTi 16v ecoFLEX 1,885 1.3 5MT 95 109 17,300
* ES 1.3CDTi 16v ecoFLEX S/S  n.a. 1.3 5MT 95 104 17,640
Zafira Exclusive 1.6i 16v VVT 2,090 1.6 5MT 115 157 17,765
* Exclusive 1.7CDTi 16v ecoFLEX 2,175 1.7 6MT 110 134 19,920
Insignia Exclusive Nav 1.8i 16v VVT 2,025 1.8 6MT 140 179 19,785
* 2.0CDTi 16v ecoFLEX 2,145 2.0 6MT 160 129 22,230
Source: Official website for Vauxhall
(Notes) 1. All cars are those being marketed in the UK. S/S refers to the models with the start-stop system.
2.

The vehicle weight shown above is the fully laden weight.

 



Ford: The start-stop system added to the Focus ECOnetic version

   ECOnetic is the term Ford has created to refer to the version addressing higher fuel efficiency and lower CO2 emissions while maintaining the original driving performance. Its core technologies include the low rolling resistance tire, gearshift indicator, aerodynamic design, etc.

  The Focus ECOnetic versions launched in early 2010 feature the start-stop system, brake energy regeneration system, and Ford Eco Mode (the system monitors the driver's driving condition and gives necessary feedback for more fuel efficient driving).

Ford: Specifications of ECOnetic and basic versions 

  Vehicle
weight
(kg)
Disp.
(L)
Trans-
mission
Output
(hp)
CO2
emissions
(g/km)
Selling
price
(pound)
Fiesta
3-door
Studio 1.4TDCI 1,086 1.4 5MT 70 107 11,745
* ECOnetic 1.6TDCI 1,100 1.6 5MT 90 98 13,495
Focus
5-door
Style 1.6TDCI DPF 1,391 1.6 5MT 90 115 16,245
* ECOnetic 1.6TDIC 1,391 1.6 5MT 109 104 16,895
* ECOnetic 1.6TDCI Start-Stop 1,391 1.6 5MT 109 99 17,345
Source: Official website for Ford UK
(Note) 

All cars are those being marketed in the UK. The Focus ECOnetic version launched in early 2010 is the first Ford Europe car equipped with the start-stop system. The system is to be adopted in the new Mondeo ECOnetic and Ka in 2011.

 



Volvo Cars: The start-stop system adopted in the DRIVe versions of the C30, S40, and V50

  DRIVe is the term Volvo Cars uses to refer to the versions with low fuel consumption and low CO2 emission based on the turbocharged diesel engine cars and that incorporates new aerodynamic characteristics, use of low rolling resistance tire, etc. The DRIVe is used in a broad range of its cars. The DRIVe versions of the C30, S40, and V50 are equipped with the start-stop system. The DRIVe is also available in the lowest-priced models of XC60 and XC70.

Volvo: Specifications of DRIVe and basic versions

  Vehicle
weight
(kg)
Disp.
(L)
Trans-
mission
Output
(PS)
CO2
emissions
(g/km)
Selling
price
(pound)
C30 D2 ES 1,339 1.6 6MT 115 114 17,995
* DRIVe ES Start/Stop 1,363 1.6 6MT 115 99 18,495
S40 D2 ES 1,376 1.6 6MT 115 114 20,095
* DRIVe ES Start/Stop 1,391 1.6 6MT 115 99 20,595
V50 D2 ES 1,413 1.6 6MT 115 114 21,445
* DRIVe ES Start/Stop 1,400 1.6 6MT 115 99 21,945
XC60 D5 AWD ES 1,833 2.4 6MT 205 174 30,120
* D3 DRIVe ES 1,756 2.0 6MT 163 154 27,620
XC70 D5 AWD ES 1,843 2.4 6MT 205 182 31,585
* D3 DRIVe ES 1,764 2.0 6MT 163 154 27,690

Source: Official website for Volvo Cars UK
(Note) All cars are those being marketed in the UK. The DRIVe is also available in the lowest-priced models of XC60 and XC70.

 



Mid-term Production Forecast by IHS Global Insight

Spain : Light vehicle production by Country (IHS Global Insight Forecast)

(Unit)

GroupBrand20082009201020112012201320142015
DAIMLER AGMERCEDES -BENZ 102,400 54,600 70,597 76,749 80,134 65,253 87,233 90,074
FIAT GROUPIVECO 29,656 12,105 14,658 21,137 23,777 32,482 36,574 34,385
FORDFORD 357,646 300,347 284,443 238,426 238,167 299,080 287,781 276,756
GMOPEL 427,055 340,679 362,019 304,527 251,275 263,052 326,857 319,028
NISSANNISSAN 92,722 29,057 65,117 75,043 75,174 94,493 96,241 106,886
PSACITROEN 338,458 305,852 302,871 232,740 221,249 319,610 386,846 370,400
PEUGEOT 215,910 201,492 213,265 158,309 140,093 195,466 262,508 252,188
RENAULTRENAULT 318,549 372,344 385,883 357,848 292,371 266,844 253,879 276,564
SANTANASANTANA 192 0 63 194 376 520 861 813
SUZUKISUZUKI 3,759 549 0 0 0 0 0 0
VW GROUPAUDI 0 0 0 32,371 71,040 69,763 62,733 61,280
SEAT 370,293 301,289 339,828 315,349 304,904 298,434 300,298 330,139
VW 259,000 243,500 335,478 302,154 298,502 318,132 299,237 286,246
Total 2,515,640 2,161,814 2,374,222 2,114,847 1,997,062 2,223,129 2,401,048 2,404,759

Source: Global LV Production Data (as of 7 Dec. 2010)

  • (Note)
  • 1. Data indicate figures of only small-size vehicles, including passenger cars and light commercial vehicles with a gross vehicle weight of under 6 tons.
  • 2. Figures for 2008 and 2009 indicate actual production results.
  • 3. All rights reserved. Reproduction of any data will require permission of IHS Global Insight.

 

Industry and Production Outlook - Passenger Cars: Outlook for Passenger Car Production (16 October, 2010)

Any fears that we had for Spanish production in early 2009 eased off during the second half of the year, as the effects of the Spanish scrapping scheme and other European scrapping schemes started to boost sales. In the case of Spain, the earlier weakness in the year reduced the effect of the benefits that filtered through to Spanish output, especially to the producers of smaller vehicles (in the A and B segments). However, production was still higher than it would have been without the scrapping schemes. For Spain, the announcement of the extension of the scrapping scheme in late 2009 helped to notably boost production levels in the first half of 2010. In fact, at the end of June 2010, ANFAC reported that production of passenger cars grew by 25.8% in the first six months of the year.

Production was down 6.7% y/y at the end of 2009, but we expect production to improve in 2010. With the better-than-expected levels of output seen so far in 2010, we have made an upward revision to our forecast that will show a y/y increase of 4.47%. Output levels are estimated to rise to 1.893 million units thanks to improved activity at all passenger car manufacturers on the mainland. Despite the termination of the scrapping schemes, we still saw strong production levels in June 2010, where output rose 18.3% compared with the same month a year earlier. Thanks to improved demand across Europe, Spanish production is likely to hold up. Production of the latest generation Volkswagen Polo and Renault Mégane have spurred production and with the arrival of the new Meriva this year, we expect volumes to hold up this year.

Government Offers Bailout to Auto Industry

In 2009, the regional government of Madrid announced that funds would be allocated to support Iveco and Nissan in research and development, employee development and training, and the development of hybrid vehicles. The Junta of Castilla y Leon followed suit in December 2009. This support from the Junta, together with national government support, will contribute towards Renault starting to produce the Twizy, the new A-segment electric vehicle, from early 2012.

In March 2010, the Spanish government announced the projects that would receive state aid, following its call for competition in December 2009. This related to the pot of 250 million euro being made available for 2010. Of the 236 projects proposed, the Ministry of Industry has identified 142 that it will support. This includes 17 in the car-manufacturing sector, which receives 145 million euro of state support. The car parts sector receives the balance of 104.5 million euro in state support.

Industry and Production Outlook - Light Trucks: Outlook for Light-Truck Production (27 September, 2010)

Total LCV production in Spain declined by 39% in 2009. This decline is even more severe than that experienced the previous year, but it is in line with our previous volume expectations. All manufacturers have experienced dramatically reduced sales levels, both in Europe and farther afield. With the news of reduced shifts and temporary shutdowns, which are being employed to stem the build-up of unwanted stock, we have also seen an increase in the level of employee unrest. We anticipate an upturn in output in 2010, thanks to tentative strengthening in the economic outlook across Europe.


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