Technologies from BMW's EfficientDynamics strategy highlight company direction

Minimizing fuel consumption and emissions while improving vehicle performance

2015/05/27

Summary


BMW

4 advanced technologies that propel EfficientDynamics in new directions

 EfficientDynamics, BMW's technological concept, aims to find compatibility between the pursuit of driving pleasure and the pursuit of environmental and ecological technologies. BMW attempts to be a global leader with 4 technologies: increasing efficiency of internal combustion engines, electrified-vehicle technologies (for electric vehicles (EVs), plug-in hybrids (PHVs) and future fuel cell vehicles (FCVs)), weight reduction through innovative vehicle structures, and driver assistance technology with an eye on future autonomous driving.

3-, 4-, and 6-cylinder next-generation modular engines

 Previously, BMW has been cultivating its identity through high-performance, highly efficient engines and superior handling stability. However, BMW is now taking steps toward advancing its previous characteristics, while making large changes towards moving in a new direction. Until now, the focus of BMW's appeal was its straight six-cylinder engine. This engine has been downsized, and the company's main models now feature 4-cylinder direct-injection turbo engines, and models that previously wore 4-cylinder engines now have 3-cylinder turbo engines.

EV and PHV advanced technology and weight reduction technology for innovative body

 The i series, represented by the i3 and i8, incorporate the state-of-the-art EV and PHEV technologies, and an innovative body structure utilizing CFRP and aluminum modules. Currently, the advanced technologies of the i3 and i8 are being expanded and incorporated into the conventional core lineup. The X5 and 3 series now have plug-in hybrid versions, with further lineup expansion planned. Furthermore, large-scale reductions in vehicle weight are underway, utilizing state-of-the-art technology such as use of CFRP in the body frame for the next-generation 7 series, along with heavy use of aluminum.

 Japanese manufacturers have a lead in the fields of EVs, HVs, and PHVs. However, they have put a priority on economical environmentally friendly cars and their cars have been built with a focus on reducing costs, aside from the electronic technologies. BMW pursues performance and high efficiency with 3 advanced technologies: direct-injection turbo engines, weight reduction, and PHV.

Driver assistance systems for future autonomous driving

 Another advanced technology that BMW is focusing its efforts on is driver assistance technology for future autonomous driving. At the 2015 Consumer Electronic Show (CES), BMW unveiled an i3 prototype with two advanced driver assistance systems. The featured systems are a collision-avoidance system that utilizes four laser scanners to identify obstacles and controls automatic braking, and an advanced automated parking system controlled by a smartwatch, which allows the vehicle to drive autonomously in and out of parking spaces.

Strong performance continues from 2014 to 2015

 As a result of increasing individual product competitiveness and enhancing BMW's brand image through active technology development, the company's global unit sales and earnings continue to grow. The 1st quarter performances in 2014 and 2015 marked record unit sales, earnings, and operating income, and further investment in China and North America for enhancing production capacities is currently underway.

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Toward 3-, 4-, and 6-cylinder next-generation modular engines

 In the European market, both direct-injection diesel and gasoline turbo engines are experiencing fierce competition in increasing fuel efficiency and performance. BMW is continually a top contender for all engine sizes. BMW has outstanding technology in output torque and fuel consumption, as well as in areas such as noise and vibration dampers, making BMW's diesel engines indiscernible from gasoline engines in terms of quietness.

 BMW has commenced sales of its new series of 3-, 4-, and 6-cylinder engines. The new engine family, utilizing a modular structure, is composed of inline cylinders, each with a displacement of 500cc. The lineup is 3-cylinders at 1.5 liters, 4-cylinders at 2 liters, and 6-cylinders at 3 liters.

 The next generation engines will be given the unified name of BMW TwinPower Turbo Technology. Many of the engine components are made from aluminum and magnesium to reduce weight. The engine has various features, such as twin scroll turbochargers, a high-precision direct injection system, the continuous variable valve lift control system Valvetronic, and the variable camshaft control system.

 Additionally, the 4-cylinder engine is being developed as both a gasoline and diesel engine. The 4-cylinder engine, unveiled in 2014, has common parts for astoundingly high 60%. Furthermore, 40% of the structural components of the engine are similar (following standardized design principles).

 This next-generation engine was first introduced with the 1.5 liter 3-cylinder gasoline engine in the i8, released in 2014, and incorporation into all models is underway.

Major Featured Technology in TwinPower Turbo Technology

Weight Reduction Extensive use of aluminum and magnesium, such as a lightweight designed aluminum alloy crankcase, etc.
Direct Fuel Injection High-precision direct injection system directly injects high-pressure fuel into the combustion chamber, allowing for increased fuel efficiency.
Turbocharger Twin Scroll Turbocharger exhibits outstanding responsiveness
Variable Valve Lift Control Valvetronic provides continuous variable control of the lift amount of the intake valve.
Variable Valve Timing Control Double Vanos, which freely controls intake valve operating timing, increases performance in all rpm ranges.

 

1.5-liter 3-Cylinder Engine

 The 3-cylinder engine featured in the i8 has a maximum output of 170kW/231PS, and a maximum torque of 320Nm, and although it is a small displacement engine, it produces a high output of 57kW/77PS per cylinder. By combining this lightweight, compact engine with an electric power unit and overall reduction in weight, the engine realizes a high dynamic performance unique to sports cars.

 The 1.5 liter 3-cylinder gasoline engine is incorporated in the 2 series and 3 series, and with its maximum output of 100kW(136ps)/4,400rpm, and a maximum torque of 220Nm, it realizes both a sporty dynamic performance as well as low fuel consumption. Additionally, the 2 series is scheduled to feature a 1.5 liter 3-cylinder diesel engine (70kw/95S) as well.

 

1.5 Liter 3-Cylinder Engine 1.5 Liter 3-Cylinder Engine
1.5 Liter 3-Cylinder Engine/ Source:BMW

 

2-liter 4-cylinder engine

 

2-liter 4-cylinder engine 2-liter 4-cylinder engine
2-liter 4-cylinder engine/ Source:BMW


 In recent years, models featuring the conventional 6-cylinder engine have been downsized and replaced with 4-cylinder turbo engines. This next-generation 4-cylinder engine will be featured on various vehicles as the main engine for all models. The basic grade of a gasoline version has a maximum output of 135kW (184PS), and a maximum torque of 270Nm, whereas the high-grade version boasts 180kW (245PS) and 350Nm, and will be available for various models. There are 3 specs for the diesel engine producing maximum outputs of 105kW (143PS), 135kW (184PS), and 160kW (218PS), with maximum torques of 320Nm, 380Nm, and 450Nm, respectively.

 

3-liter 6-cylinder engine

 The first model to feature the next-generation inline 6-cylinder engine will be the 340i from the 3 series. The maximum output is 326hp/5500-6500rpm and maximum torque at 45.9kgm/1380-5000rpm. The new model outperforms the conventional 335i by 20hp and 5.1kgm. The engine of the 340i sedan featuring an 8-speed Steptronic accelerates from 0 to 100km/h at 5.1 seconds, with a maximum speed of 250km/h (limiter engaged). Meanwhile, the engine reduced CO2 emissions, an important factor in Europe, by over 10% compared to the engine of the 335i.

 

3-liter 6-cylinder engine BMW 340i Rear Emblem
3-liter 6-cylinder engine/ Source: BMW BMW 340i Rear Emblem/ Source:BMW

 

 



Advanced electric and plug-in hybrid technologies of i3 and i8 expanded to core models

 Japanese manufacturers have taken the lead in EVs and HVs, but BMW is now aiming to take the top position in this field all at once. The i3 debuted in 2013 as BMW's first mass-produced EV. The i3 generates a maximum output of 125kW/170PS, with a maximum torque of 250Nm, while carrying a 18.8kWh lithium-ion battery. The revolutionary vehicle structure reduced weight, keeping the vehicle weight at 1260kg.

 Following the i3 launched in 2013, the i8 was launched in 2014 as a plug-in hybrid featuring the aforementioned 3-cylinder, 1.5-liter turbo engine and an electric motor with a rated output of 96kW/131PS, and maximum torque of 250Nm. The i8 is a sports car of a new genre achieving both sports-car driving performance and compact car-level fuel consumption. The plug-in hybrid system, developed specifically for the i8, is one of BMW's technological symbols, balancing both driving performance and high efficiency.

 Subsequently, after the release of the i series, BMW released the BMW X5 xDrive40e in March 2015 as a mass-produced plug-in hybrid. Featuring a 4-cylinder gasoline TwinPower Turbo Technology engine and synchronous electric motor, the vehicle produces a system output of 230 kW [313 ps]. The BMW X5 xDrive40e has a combined fuel consumption of 3.3 to 3.4-liters/100km, and combined power consumption is between 15.3 to 15.4 kWh/100 km. CO2 emission volumes are 77 to 78 g/km (on the European test cycle for plug-in hybrid vehicles).

 While BMW continues to expand its range of plug-in hybrid vehicles in its production models utilizing original technology, BMW is also co-developing fuel cell vehicles with Toyota.

 

BMW i8 PHV Powertrain BMW X5 40e PHV Powertrain
BMW i8 PHV Powertrain/ Source: BMW BMW X5 40e PHV Powertrain/ Source: BMW

 

 



Innovative body with wide use of CFRP and aluminum

 The i3 and i8 were released in 2013 and 2014, respectively. Both models featured an innovative structure: A Life Module cabin unit composed of a CFRP monocoque structure, and an underfloor Drive Module unit, which comprises an aluminum powertrain and chassis component. These vehicles were the first to use CFRP as the main material for the body frame, after low-volume production supercars. By using CFRP, which excels in body rigidity and passenger protection, the body unit is 50% lighter than the body made from steel, and 30% lighter than the body made from aluminum. To increase CFRP productivity for the i3 and i8, BMW favored thermoplastic resin molding instead of the conventional thermosetting resin molding and build vehicles at general mass-produced car production speeds. Combined with the underfloor aluminum Drive Module, the reductions in weight negates the increased weight from the battery, and the i3 achieves a vehicle weight of 1260kg.

 

BMW i8 Modular Structure BMW i3 CFRP Life module
BMW i8 Modular Structure/ Source: BMW BMW i3 CFRP Life module/ Source: BMW


 The next-generation 7 series, scheduled for release in 2016, will not only use aluminum and ultra high-tensile steel sheet, but also CFRP for major segments of the body frame. Primarily, a CFRP column passes through the steel frame, which connects the A pillar, roof rail, and C pillar. CFRP is also used as the structural members for the 3 roof bows connecting the left and right roof rails, and as reinforcing members for the B and C pillars, center tunnel, and the side sills. Additionally, the next-generation 7 series extensively use aluminum for the engine compartment structure, and is planned for a maximum weight reduction of 130kg from the current model.

 

Next-Generation BMW 7 Series Body Frame Next-Generation BMW 7 Series Body Frame
Next-Generation BMW 7 Series Body Frame/ Source: BMW

 

 



Advanced driver assistance systems for future autonomous driving

 At the 2015 CES, BMW unveiled the i3 prototype with two advanced driver assistance systems. The first is the Advanced 360-degree Collision Avoidance System, which identifies obstacles with 4 laser scanners, and avoids collisions by automatically activating the brakes when the vehicle closes in on obstacles such as a wall or pole. Even if the vehicle unexpectedly rapidly approaches a pole or wall, the system is capable of stopping the car with centimeter precision. With the introduction of this system, driver stress can be reduced even in conditions with low-visibility. The second system is an advanced Fully-Automated Remote Valet Parking Assistant System. This system drives automatically without using GPS, and instead uses pre-prepared digital maps of the layout of building internal structures, and an onboard laser scanner. Even if the driver exits the vehicle, by using a smartwatch, the drivers can have the vehicle move autonomously to a designated parking spot, as well as be called upon to arrive at a designated location, much like valet parking.

 Furthermore, relating to the driver assistance systems, BMW is actively making developments in the connectivity field. The BMW i model is capable of connecting with the Apple Watch, which was recently released in April 2015. The Apple Watch is capable of displaying the vehicle battery charge and locking status, as well as of controlling internal temperature.

 

i3 Prototype i3 Prototype
i3 Prototype Announced at the 2015 CES/ Source: BMW


 BMW is advancing various developments as a pioneer in autonomous driving. In 2009, at the north course of the Nurburgring in Germany, which is known for being a track with the world's most rigorous conditions, BMW had conducted a test to have the vehicle drive autonomously at expert-driver level limit speeds. Furthermore, BMW is developing a system where the vehicle will automatically stop at the side of the road while checking surrounding traffic conditions if the driver is suddenly unable to operate the vehicle while driving on highways due to cardiac arrest, etc. In 2011, BMW also ran an experiment to have a vehicle drive without any driver input from Munich to Nuremberg on the Autobahn. All manufacturers are currently hard at work developing autonomous driving and driver support system technologies, and competition among manufacturers to see who can gain the initiative is becoming evermore intense. Among such conditions, BMW has been engaged in joint research and development with Continental since 2013 to achieve advanced autonomous driving by 2020.

 

 



1Q results in 2015 hit record high in unit sales, revenues, and  EBIT

 The global unit sales in 2014 for the BMW Group has grown 7.9% from the previous year at 2.12 million units, exceeding 2 million units for the first time. The BMW brand has sold 1.81 million units, for a 9.5 increase over the previous year (1.66 million units).

 While looking at the figures by markets, overall unit sales in Asia in 2014 have increased by 13.8% at 658,000 units, of which China has grown by 16.6% to 457,000. China, which has become BMW's largest market, continues to grow rapidly without any decline. Unit sales in North America has grown by 4.0% to 482,000 units, of which the U.S. has grown by 5.4%, to 397,000 units. In BMW's home country of Germany, there was a 5.1% growth to 272 ,000 units, which was the first growth in 2 years.

 By model, annual unit sales in 2014 for the segment leader BMW 3 series increased 2% from the previous year's 467,672 to 476,792 units. The BMW 4 series sold 119,580 units. The BMW 5 series has also been the leader in this segment, marking 373,053 units for a growth of 1.7% (the previous year was 366,992 units). The latest third generation BMW X5 massively increased by 37.4% from the previous year's 107,231 units to 147,381 units, and all core models performed well.

 

BMWグループ販売台数 BMWグループ主要地域販売台数

 

売上高 営業利益/税引き前利益/純利益


 The BMW Group's 2014 sales figures have grown by 5.7% from the previous year to EUR 80.4 billion, the EBIT increasing by 14.3% to EUR 9.1 billion, and net profits have increased by 9.2% to EUR 5.8 billion.

 The 1st quarter (January to March) performances for 2015 have also seen record highs. The sales figures have increased by 14.7% from the previous year to EUR 20.92 billion, the EBIT increased by 20.6% to EUR 2.52 billion, the operating profit margin (EBIT/sales figures) increasing by 0.6 percentage points to 12.1%, and net profits have increased by 4.0% to EUR 1.52 billion. Unit sales, profits, EBIT, and pretax profits have recorded record highs for 1st quarter performances.

 Unit sales for the automobile department have increased by 8.1% to 526,669 units. By brand, BMW has increased by 5.4% to 451,576 units, MINI increased by 28.4% to 74,321 units, and Rolls Royce decreasing by 12.9% to 781 units. In particular, the 2 series, 4 series, X5, and the 3-door and 5-door versions of the new MINI performed well.

 

売上高 営業利益/税引き前利益/純利益

 

 



Sales Forecast by LMC Automotive: BMW group's global sales will reach 2.57 million in 2018

(LMC Automotive, Quarter 1, 2015)

BMW global sales volume forecast According to LMC Automotive's forecast in 2015 Q1, BMW group's global vehicle sales(53 countries) will increase to 2.57 million units in 2018, up 25% from 2014.

 BMW Group global growth continues on its robust trend. New products continue to support the competitive extension and growth of the group's brands. This has energized BMW's factories, many of which are running flat-out. New localized investment plans should ensure that BMW can support new demand. BMW is set to add another North American assembly plant by 2019.


 

Sales volume forecast in Top 3 countries Regional sales volume forecast


 Moving into 2015, the Group will build on the success of its earlier launched 4-Series and X5, by adding an all-new US built X4 model. Mini's rejuvenated range will also provide positive growth impulses.

 Expansion in output of China's new Shenyang plant have helped to push global volumes over 2.1 million units in 2014, and with additional models expected to be added in the next few years, local Chinese volume will increase further. Sales in China in 2018 are expected to be in 746,000 units. Asia's growth is largest among regional sales.

 In the medium term, model renewals, aggressive exploitation of premium niches (compact SUVs, sporty crossovers and minicar segments) and improving global demand will drive volume expansion.

BMW Group's sales forecast until 2018(for major 54 countries)

2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
BMW Group BMW 1,494,943 1,621,832 1,762,877 1,848,673 1,967,624 2,092,024 2,200,460
MINI 290,923 296,557 291,898 343,686 345,806 360,693 369,369
Rolls-Royce 1,825 2,655 2,859 2,812 2,877 3,147 3,476
Zinoro 0 0 123 329 427 489 465
Total 1,787,691 1,921,044 2,057,757 2,195,500 2,316,734 2,456,353 2,573,770
China BMW 313,638 378,242 446,796 491,754 559,990 636,128 696,717
MINI 21,328 26,327 30,328 39,331 43,357 46,032 47,707
Rolls-Royce 747 946 942 962 1,054 1,209 1,461
Zinoro 0 0 123 329 427 489 465
China sub-total 335,713 405,515 478,189 532,376 604,828 683,858 746,350
USA BMW 281,460 309,280 339,738 354,251 363,726 372,209 363,651
MINI 66,123 66,502 56,112 61,098 56,344 52,622 56,684
Rolls-Royce 382 962 922 961 958 970 988
USA sub-total 347,965 376,744 396,772 416,310 421,028 425,801 421,323
Germany BMW 246,100 231,810 240,325 265,433 269,537 276,278 283,997
MINI 36,303 34,359 33,410 34,334 33,543 34,569 34,436
Rolls-Royce 49 62 91 90 86 104 104
Germany sub-total 282,452 266,231 273,826 299,857 303,166 310,951 318,537
UK BMW 127,530 135,586 148,878 155,771 157,241 157,675 159,968
MINI 51,412 52,627 53,939 66,033 68,340 69,814 66,401
Rolls-Royce 318 306 396 438 416 406 424
UK sub-total 179,260 188,519 203,213 222,242 225,997 227,895 226,793
Italy BMW 42,457 42,387 43,234 48,873 55,536 60,178 65,951
MINI 17,829 17,257 18,989 24,770 26,720 31,175 35,420
Rolls-Royce 2 8 14 23 20 20 20
Italy sub-total 60,288 59,652 62,237 73,666 82,276 91,373 101,391
France BMW 48,119 47,054 48,026 49,526 51,866 55,097 57,115
MINI 21,522 19,352 18,449 25,060 25,805 27,098 27,884
Rolls-Royce 21 10 13 39 37 44 40
France sub-total 69,662 66,416 66,488 74,625 77,708 82,239 85,039
Spain BMW 25,702 26,677 30,251 39,876 44,549 47,658 49,876
MINI 7,288 7,555 8,207 13,179 13,461 14,368 14,514
Rolls-Royce 3 0 4 12 12 15 18
Spain sub-total 32,993 34,232 38,462 53,067 58,022 62,041 64,408
Korea BMW 28,151 33,066 40,174 43,397 44,541 48,460 58,341
MINI 5,927 6,301 6,572 5,551 5,355 5,191 5,343
Rolls-Royce 27 30 45 46 48 58 69
Korea sub-total 34,105 39,397 46,791 48,994 49,944 53,709 63,753
Japan BMW 41,238 46,533 46,089 31,790 30,092 27,926 27,130
MINI 15,186 16,982 17,597 18,175 14,965 17,912 17,557
Rolls-Royce 90 116 154 34 34 31 37
Japan sub-total 56,514 63,631 63,840 49,999 45,091 45,869 44,724
Belgium BMW 30,453 31,639 32,067 33,568 34,515 35,744 36,765
MINI 5,445 5,091 5,058 6,889 6,849 7,387 7,285
Rolls-Royce 6 3 7 9 6 9 9
Belgium sub-total 35,904 36,733 37,132 40,466 41,370 43,140 44,059
Canada BMW 31,402 31,710 32,805 34,118 34,068 34,352 34,591
MINI 6,305 6,013 5,383 5,916 5,695 5,668 5,307
Rolls-Royce 37 48 81 85 87 91 96
Canada sub-total 37,744 37,771 38,269 40,119 39,850 40,111 39,994
Russia BMW 37,513 42,074 35,504 23,405 25,128 29,063 38,123
MINI 2,630 2,801 1,750 738 772 930 1,312
Rolls-Royce 56 52 0 0 12 21 30
Russia sub-total 40,199 44,927 37,254 24,143 25,912 30,014 39,465
Turkey BMW 15,239 20,704 26,174 22,459 22,500 25,755 27,426
MINI 1,755 1,555 1,071 1,668 1,930 2,238 2,489
Rolls-Royce 0 0 0 0 0 9 11
Turkey sub-total 16,994 22,259 27,245 24,127 24,430 28,002 29,926
Australia BMW 18,413 20,458 22,722 22,224 23,026 24,081 24,605
MINI 2,394 2,535 2,570 2,762 2,801 2,946 3,025
Rolls-Royce 22 16 39 23 18 13 13
Australia sub-total 20,829 23,009 25,331 25,009 25,845 27,040 27,643
Switzerland BMW 18,776 20,336 20,903 20,687 21,154 21,129 21,942
MINI 4,549 4,761 4,459 4,608 4,492 4,858 4,828
Rolls-Royce 19 34 48 19 16 39 40
Switzerland sub-total 23,344 25,131 25,410 25,314 25,662 26,026 26,810
Netherlands BMW 18,643 18,878 15,278 16,190 18,195 19,490 20,149
MINI 4,044 3,392 3,655 4,832 5,090 5,956 6,111
Rolls-Royce 0 3 15 9 9 12 12
Netherlands sub-total 22,687 22,273 18,948 21,031 23,294 25,458 26,272
South Africa BMW 24,743 24,793 25,098 21,587 25,546 22,479 22,378
MINI 2,793 2,876 2,221 4,001 4,069 3,782 3,417
South Africa sub-total 27,536 27,669 27,319 25,588 29,615 26,261 25,795
Sweden BMW 15,432 16,164 18,125 17,755 17,348 19,482 19,774
MINI 1,274 1,356 1,646 1,489 1,392 1,518 1,488
Rolls-Royce 0 0 1 0 0 0 0
Sweden sub-total 16,706 17,520 19,772 19,244 18,740 21,000 21,262
Brazil BMW 8,792 13,913 15,055 15,084 17,213 15,566 17,172
MINI 1,949 1,962 2,486 2,134 2,939 3,108 3,396
Rolls-Royce 8 17 20 25 24 26 31
Brazil sub-total 10,749 15,892 17,561 17,243 20,176 18,700 20,599
Austria BMW 15,851 15,572 15,757 15,457 16,297 16,705 17,051
MINI 2,125 2,045 2,120 2,474 2,361 2,373 2,459
Rolls-Royce 0 0 3 0 0 12 12
Austria sub-total 17,976 17,617 17,880 17,931 18,658 19,090 19,522
Mexico BMW 8,006 9,635 10,500 10,800 12,114 12,936 13,727
MINI 3,822 4,357 4,400 4,783 4,965 5,153 5,324
Mexico sub-total 11,828 13,992 14,900 15,583 17,079 18,089 19,051
Portugal BMW 6,368 7,629 10,617 11,070 12,384 13,715 14,486
MINI 1,054 1,240 1,562 2,804 2,914 3,245 3,450
Portugal sub-total 7,422 8,869 12,179 13,874 15,298 16,960 17,936
India BMW 9,375 7,232 6,706 8,004 9,821 12,624 15,086
MINI 0 95 106 81 88 113 118
India sub-total 9,375 7,327 6,812 8,085 9,909 12,737 15,204
Taiwan BMW 12,138 14,023 10,846 13,558 13,746 13,871 13,883
MINI 792 746 564 760 740 726 726
Rolls-Royce 26 34 34 37 40 40 40
Taiwan sub-total 12,956 14,803 11,444 14,355 14,526 14,637 14,649
Poland BMW 5,594 6,264 8,020 9,413 10,163 10,908 12,033
MINI 778 780 905 974 1,076 1,192 1,292
Rolls-Royce 0 0 8 0 0 0 0
Poland sub-total 6,372 7,044 8,933 10,387 11,239 12,100 13,325
Norway BMW 7,335 6,878 9,486 7,776 8,283 8,904 9,553
MINI 775 985 928 820 816 898 926
Norway sub-total 8,110 7,863 10,414 8,596 9,099 9,802 10,479
Thailand BMW 5,898 6,533 7,458 6,920 7,120 7,806 8,487
MINI 62 112 405 326 335 371 406
Thailand sub-total 5,960 6,645 7,863 7,246 7,455 8,177 8,893
Malaysia BMW 6,300 7,058 7,816 7,053 7,633 7,439 7,800
MINI 347 436 656 626 678 666 689
Malaysia sub-total 6,647 7,494 8,472 7,679 8,311 8,105 8,489
Luxembourg BMW 5,176 5,925 4,816 6,463 6,755 6,899 7,209
MINI 533 532 740 529 522 551 550
Rolls-Royce 0 0 5 0 0 0 0
Luxembourg sub-total 5,709 6,457 5,561 6,992 7,277 7,450 7,759
Ireland BMW 3,394 3,538 4,021 5,004 5,309 6,076 6,641
MINI 445 487 503 803 802 937 991
Ireland sub-total 3,839 4,025 4,524 5,807 6,111 7,013 7,632
Finland BMW 4,212 4,831 5,041 4,902 5,417 6,225 6,959
MINI 269 219 187 270 281 319 345
Finland sub-total 4,481 5,050 5,228 5,172 5,698 6,544 7,304
Czech
Republic
BMW 3,914 3,740 4,610 4,880 4,648 4,887 5,197
MINI 304 362 321 504 545 671 695
Rolls-Royce 0 0 6 0 0 0 0
Czech Republic sub-total 4,218 4,102 4,937 5,384 5,193 5,558 5,892
Denmark BMW 2,983 4,086 4,307 3,842 3,731 3,938 3,789
MINI 360 524 546 669 623 670 629
Denmark sub-total 3,343 4,610 4,853 4,511 4,354 4,608 4,418
Chile BMW 2,842 3,388 3,272 3,119 3,242 3,508 3,681
MINI 444 554 550 536 547 557 557
Chile sub-total 3,286 3,942 3,822 3,655 3,789 4,065 4,238
Greece BMW 1,310 1,747 2,521 1,736 2,056 2,099 2,391
MINI 666 705 1,043 1,063 1,128 1,160 1,380
Greece sub-total 1,976 2,452 3,564 2,799 3,184 3,259 3,771
Colombia BMW 1,608 2,601 2,843 2,692 2,813 2,706 2,648
MINI 353 544 630 634 629 633 641
Colombia sub-total 1,961 3,145 3,473 3,326 3,442 3,339 3,289
Romania BMW 2,164 1,661 1,494 1,962 2,498 2,707 2,943
MINI 167 152 105 166 232 291 336
Romania sub-total 2,331 1,813 1,599 2,128 2,730 2,998 3,279
Indonesia BMW 2,203 2,458 2,512 2,021 2,056 2,172 2,329
MINI 0 357 510 533 590 626 677
Indonesia sub-total 2,203 2,815 3,022 2,554 2,646 2,798 3,006
Hungary BMW 1,389 1,417 1,772 1,741 1,940 2,069 2,334
MINI 124 91 121 221 276 336 366
Rolls-Royce 0 0 1 0 0 0 0
Hungary sub-total 1,513 1,508 1,894 1,962 2,216 2,405 2,700
Slovakia BMW 2,205 1,633 2,039 2,262 2,247 2,238 2,333
MINI 214 134 121 223 247 289 304
Slovakia sub-total 2,419 1,767 2,160 2,485 2,494 2,527 2,637
Ukraine BMW 2,660 2,003 1,267 1,080 1,246 1,616 2,141
MINI 146 144 71 68 78 107 139
Rolls-Royce 12 8 4 0 0 9 12
Ukraine sub-total 2,818 2,155 1,342 1,148 1,324 1,732 2,292
Argentina BMW 2,122 3,858 573 1,069 1,500 1,663 1,868
MINI 531 702 169 170 236 265 288
Argentina sub-total 2,653 4,560 742 1,239 1,736 1,928 2,156
Slovenia BMW 1,327 1,398 1,326 1,503 1,532 1,543 1,627
MINI 191 212 74 352 402 460 476
Slovenia sub-total 1,518 1,610 1,400 1,855 1,934 2,003 2,103
Vietnam BMW 695 949 1,337 1,340 1,455 1,585 1,700
MINI 0 37 101 111 114 126 135
Vietnam sub-total 695 986 1,438 1,451 1,569 1,711 1,835
Peru BMW 954 1,213 1,207 1,223 1,299 1,444 1,533
MINI 119 110 114 112 104 110 117
Peru sub-total 1,073 1,323 1,321 1,335 1,403 1,554 1,650
Philippines BMW 673 644 715 685 794 860 917
MINI 0 0 175 187 198 212 222
Philippines sub-total 673 644 890 872 992 1,072 1,139
Bulgaria BMW 772 879 863 850 899 924 981
MINI 80 74 90 84 91 119 145
Bulgaria sub-total 852 953 953 934 990 1,043 1,126
Latvia BMW 318 322 409 591 695 795 855
MINI 37 64 46 71 84 121 138
Rolls-Royce 0 0 2 0 0 9 9
Latvia sub-total 355 386 457 662 779 925 1,002
Lithuania BMW 441 433 542 682 700 797 877
MINI 31 30 43 52 53 71 82
Rolls-Royce 0 0 2 0 0 0 0
Lithuania sub-total 472 463 587 734 753 868 959
Estonia BMW 297 267 372 496 531 563 574
MINI 21 24 30 34 38 51 54
Rolls-Royce 0 0 2 0 0 0 0
Estonia sub-total 318 291 404 530 569 614 628
Kazakhstan BMW 198 224 230 216 336 414 477
MINI 27 21 22 20 31 35 39
Kazakhstan sub-total 225 245 252 236 367 449 516
Uruguay BMW 250 330 183 269 311 334 359
MINI 42 75 33 56 63 67 69
Uruguay sub-total 292 405 216 325 374 401 428
Ecuador BMW 152 149 150 242 277 291 309
MINI 8 3 5 2 0 0 0
Ecuador sub-total 160 152 155 244 277 291 309
Venezuela BMW 18 10 7 4 5 13 11
Venezuela sub-total 18 10 7 4 5 13 11
Source: LMC Automotive "Global Automotive Sales Forecast" (Quarter 1 2015)
(Note) 1. Data indicate figures of only small-size vehicles, including passenger cars and light commercial vehicles with a gross vehicle weight of under 6 tons.
2. All rights reserved. Reproduction of any data will require permission of LMC Automotive.
3. For more detailed information or inquiries of forecast data, please contact LMC Automotive.

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