Auto Shanghai 2015 (Part 2): PHVs by Japanese, Chinese and Korean OEMs
Mitsubishi plug-in hybrid concepts shown along with Toyota and Nissan hybrid production models
|Venue of the Auto Shanghai 2015.
Exhibition Hall 2 occupied by Chinese OEMs.
Part 1 of the report on the Auto Shanghai 2015 introduced plug-in hybridmodels exhibited by European and American OEMs. This second report focuses on the plug-n hybrid vehicles(PHVs) and hybird vehicles (HVs)exhibited by Chinese, Japanese and Korean OEMs.
Shanghai Automotive Industry Corporation (SAIC), the largest OEM in China, announced a new powertrain strategy at the auto show held in home market. SAIC exhibited the Roewe 550 PHV based on the new strategy. China FAW Group Corporation exhibited a PHV carrying the Hongqi brand commonly associated with the China-made limousine. Guangzhou Automobile Industry Group (GAC) unveiled the GA5 REV, a range-extended PHV.
BYD Company Limited, the leading name in PHV market in China, unveiled the Song compact SUV and the Yuan subcompact SUV. Chery Automobile Co., Ltd. unveiled a PHV carrying its own brand as well as a PHV developed by Qoros, a joint venture co-established with an Israeli holding company. Hyundai Motor, a Korean OEM, exhibited a PHV powered by a diesel engine.
Among the Japanese OEMs, Mitsubishi Motors exhibited two plug-in hybrid concepts. It was the only Japanese OEM that exhibited PHVs at the show. Toyota unveiled production models of the Levin and Corolla HVs developed and to be produced locally in China. Nissan unveiled a hybrid version of its flagship SUV, the Murano HV.
The unit sales of PHVs in China (local production) in 2014 were 29,715 units. Unit sales of the new-energy vehicles including the electric vehicles (EVs) were 74,763 units and those in large cities are expected to top 200,000 units in 2015.
SAIC Group: New powertrain strategy and Roewe 550 PHV
SAIC disclosed its new "Innovation in motion" powertrain strategy at the Auto Shanghai 2015. It is aimed at establishing two engineering brands, the NetBlue" (for conventional passenger cars) and "NetGreen" (for green cars), and achieve a corporate average fuel consumption of 5.0-liter/100km by 2020 through innovation in powertrain technology.SAIC also aims at 20% or more improvement in emissions, dynamic and economic performances of its vehicles by 2020.
Accordingly, SAIC exhibited the Roewe 950 representing the NetBlue family, and the Roewe 550 PHEV representing the NetGreen family.
Roewe 550 PHV
|Roewe 550 PHV||Designed after the existing 550 Series, the Roewe 550 PHV has headlamps colored in light blue that suits the body color. It has "PLUG-IN" logo laser impressed in the luggage door garnish and wears a black and silver-colored wheel.|
|The 550 PHV's powertrain consists of a 1.5-liter VTi-Tech engine combined with a permanent magnet synchronous motor. The car has maximum total output of 147kW, maximum total torque of 587Nm and top speed of 200km/h along with electric-only cruising range of 58km, maximum cruising range of 500km and fuel economy of 2.3-liter/100km. It charges in 5 to 8 hours from a 200V source.|
|Headlamps are colored in light blue.||"PLUG-IN" laser impression.||Two-colored new wheel design.|
FAW Group: Ten-year strategy and Hongqi H7 PHEV
First Automobile Works Group (FAW) announced its new "Zhitu" strategy on the press day of the auto show. The strategy aims to put into use the "Smart Service" which is a type of telematics service by 2025. It is a ten-year plan during which FAW aspires to upgrade "the Zhitu 1.0" stage of the strategy to the "Zhitu 4.0" stage and increase the ratio of models fitted with advanced autonomous driving technology via smart service to more than 50%.
The "strategy will roll out in parallel with the "Lantu"strategy that was announced in 2011 (that aimed at equipping models with a direct-injection engine, dual-cluth transmission (DCT), start-stop system, energy management function, etc.).
FAW Group exhibited the Hongqi H7 PHEV that reflected the new Zhitu 1.0 and the Lantu strategies at the same time. The model is slated for market launch in September 2016.
Hongqi H7 PHEV
|Hongqi H7 PHEV||This is the plug-in hybrid version of the Hongqi H7 that was also exhibited at the auto show. Its external appearance has close resemblance to the H7. It is fitted with lithium-ion batteries (with 12.8kWh output) and other plug-in hybrid system components. As a result, the H7 PHEV has a curb weight of 2020kg compared to the Hongqi H7 whose curb weight is 1800kg.|
|The powertrain consists of a 2.0-liter 4-cylinder direct-injection turbocharged gasoline engine (with rated output of 145kW and maximum torque of 280Nm) combined with a permanent magnet synchronous motor and a 7-speed DCT n. It has a top speed of 210km/h and electric-only cruisingrange of 50km along with fuel economy of 2.4-liter/100km.|
|It is 5093mm long, 1875mm wide and 1485 mm high with a 2970mm wheelbase.|
|The PHEV model has a close resemblance in style to the Hongqi H7.||"H7 PHEV" logo under the grille.|
GAC Group: "153 New Energy Strategy" and GA5 REV
The GAC Group announced the "153 New Energy Strategy" on April 20, 2015. The figure "1" in the strategy title signifies "a single development group and a first-rate research function while "5" refers to the five core technologies including the battery, motor, control, mechatronics coupling and system integration. The "3" signifies three product groups including the PHV, Range extended Electric Vehicle (REV) and EV. The GA5 REV, exhibited at the auto show, is a representative model from the REV group.
|GA5 REV||The GA5 REV is a range-extended EV that was released for sale at the end of 2014. It features blue-colored fascia and the rear mark. The green REV logo in the license plate signifies the image of a new energy.|
|The powertrain consists of a 1.0-liter inline 4-cylinder gasoline engine generator (with rated output of 45kW) and a 31kw generator combined with a permanent magnet synchronous motor (with maximum output of 94kW and maximum torque of 225Nm). The car is fitted with 13kWh lithium-ion battery. It has electric-only cruising range of 80km and top speed of 150km/h. It accelerates from 0 to 50km/h in 4.6 seconds. It has electric consumption of 16kWh/100km, charges in 4 to 6 hours, has maximum cruising range of 600km or more and fuel economy of 2.4-liter/100km.|
|The green "REV" logo catches people's attention.||The charging plug is located at the rear.|
BYD：World premieres of Song and Yuan and "7+4 market strategy"
BYD exhibited new-energy vehicles including the Tang, Song, Yuan and Shang under the theme of "New Energy, New Future." The company also announced the "7+4 market strategy" at the auto show. The figure "7" in the strategy title signifies seven general-purpose vehicle types for urban transportation, taxi, road passenger transportation, logistics, urban construction, environmental sanitation and private cars. The figure "4" signifies special-purpose vehicle types for warehousing, mining, airports and seaports. The strategy is intended to convert the fuel for all those four vehicle groups from oil to electricity (market penetration of new-energy vehicles).
Starting with the Tang, Song and Yuan, BYD plans to introduce a new model naming system for all future new-energy vehicles. New names will have a model name first followed by 0-100km/h acceleration time in seconds to indicate the car's dynamic performance (ex: Tang 4.9S).
Song plug-in hybrid SUV
|Song PHV||World premiere of a compact plug-in hybrid SUV based on the BYD S3 and the second model based on the "542 strategy" (see Note). It is 4565mm long, 1830mm wide and 1720mm high with 2660mm wheelbase. It is slated for market launch in the second half of 2015 with a tag price of CNY 250,000.|
|The powertrain consists of a 1.5-liter direct-injection turbocharged engine BYD476ZQA (with rated output of 113kW and maximum torque of 240Nm) combined with motors (one each in front and rear with maximum output of 110kW and maximum torque of 250Nm) and 6-speed automated manual transmission (AMT). The electric all-wheel drive PHV has a top speed of 180km/h or higher and accelerates from 0 to 100km/h in 4.9 seconds. It has fuel economy of 2-liter/100km and electric-only cruising range of 70km.|
|World premiere of the Song PHV, second model based on the "542 strategy" slated for launch in the second half of 2015.|
Note: The figure "5" in the strategy title signifies 5 seconds or shorter acceleration time from standstill to 100km/h, the "4" represents motorized AWD system, and "2" signifies fuel economy of 2-liter/100km.
|Yuan PHV||World premiere along with the Song. The Yuan PHV is a subcompact plug-in hybrid SUV based on the BYD S3. It is 4340mm long, 1765mm wide and 1650mm high along with a 2520mm wheelbase. It is slated for launch in the second half of 2015 with a price tag of CNY 200,000.|
|The powertrain consists of a 1.5-liter 4-cylinder gasoline engine BYD473QE (with rated output of 80kW and maximum torque of 145Nm, less powerful than the engine fitted on the Song) combined with motors (one each in front and rear with maximum output of 110kW and maximum torque of 250Nm). The electric AWD system has a 6-speed AMT and has a top speed of 165km/h and electric-only cruising range of 70km and accelerates from 0 to 100km/h in 4.9 seconds.|
|The Yuan subcompact plug-in hybrid SUV.|
Tang plug-in hybrid SUV
|Tang PHV||This is a midsize plug-in hybrid SUV that was unveiled as part of the "542 strategy" at the Beijing Auto Show 2014. It is positioned in a class higher than the Song or Yuan. It was originally slated for market release in the fourth quarter of 2014 but the launch was postponed until January 20, 2015. It is sold at the base price of CNY 300,000 (with 0 to 100km/h acceleration time of 4.9 seconds) and CNY 600,000 for the Ultimate Edition (with 0 to 100km/h acceleration time of 4.5 seconds).|
|The Tang launched in January 2015 is the first model from the "542 strategy."|
Shang plug-in hybrid MPV
|Shang PHV||It was unveiled as the "M3 DM" at the Beijing Auto Show 2014. The model name was changed to the Shang and it was introduced this year in two versions including the gasoline and the PHV variants. Their launch timings were changed from "2014" to "undecided" and now they reportedly may be launched in 2015. The Shang PHV is 4450mm long, 1720mm wide and 1875mm high with a 2725mm wheelbase.|
|The powertrain consists of a 1.5-liter 4-cylinder gasoline engine BYD473QE (with rated output of 80kW and maximum torque of 145Nm) combined with a motor (with maximum output of 110kW and maximum torque of 200Nm) and a 6-speed AMT. It has a top speed of 160km/h and accelerates from 0 to 100km/h in 7.9 seconds. It has fuel economy of 2.2-liter/100km and electric-only cruising range of 70km.|
|The Shang being charged.|
Chery Automobile: "Arrizo Standard" extended to all models
In an interview held during the Auto Shanghai 2015, Mr. Chen Anning, deputy general manager of Chery Automobile, disclosed plans to apply the development process, design and test standards of the Arrizo series to all models. He also said that the company would develop three product series in the next five years and build ten new models in those series. Chery Automobile would also unveil at least five new-energy vehicles powered by, among others, new direct-injection engines and CVT.
Arrizo 7 PHEV
|Arrizo 7 PHEV||The "PHEV" logo in the license plate is printed in blue to match the light blue body color. "Hybrid" logo is added at the rear. Other than these new features, the Arrizo 7 PHEV has close resemblance to the Arrizo 7.|
|The powertrain consists of a 1.6-liter E4G16 engine (with maximum output of 93kW and maximum torque of 160Nm) combined with a CVT and 26Ah/355V lithium-ion battery. It has electric-only cruising range of 50km, can be charged in 4 to 6 hours and has fuel economy of 2.4-liter/100km.|
|Light blue colored body.||"PHEV" logo also colored blue.|
Qoros: Subcompact plug-in hybrid SUV concept
Qoros Auto is a 50-50 joint venture company between Chery Automobile and Israel Corporation. The company has been producing vehicles at the Changshu plant in Jiangsu since December 2013. At present, Qoros Auto sells three models consisting of a midsize sedan, a hatchback and an SUV. Their designs are well-received by young people in China and the company is deemed one of the most promising OEMs in China.
Qoros 2 SUV PHEV Concept
|Qoros 2 SUV PHEV Concept||Qoros Auto unveiled the Qoros 2 SUV PHEV concept at the auto show. It is a subcompact SUV design study model and is 4,181mm long. It features a greenish blue body color taken from ancient chinaware, upright headlights, etc. The car is powered by a plug-in hybrid system that consists of a high-density battery, two high-capacity motors and a highly-efficient next-generation small gasoline engine.|
Mitsubishi Motors: Strategic crossover SUV concept
In its medium-term business plan called "New Stage 2016" that covers the three fiscal years from April 2014 to March 2017, Mitsubishi Motors defines pickup trucks, SUVs and crossover vehicles as its strategic models. The company aims to increase their sales ratio from 57% in the fiscal year ended in March 2014 (FY 2014) to 63% in FY 2017. The company also plans to increase the number of its PHV models (called Plug-in Hybrid EV: PHEV" in Mitsubishi's catalog) to three thereby increasing the production ratio of its electrified vehicles to 20% by 2020.
In reference to the company's product lineup for China, Mr. Osamu Masuko, Mitsubishi Motors' chairman, revealed plans to develop gasoline-fueled SUV models mainly at GAC Mitsubishi Motors, and introduce PHV and other green SUVs to Chinese markets.
The company exhibited two SUVs, the Concept-XR PHEV-II and the Outlander-PHEV Concept-S, at the Auto Shanghai 2015.
|Concept-XR PHEV-II||The Concept-XR PHEV-II making an Asian debut is a concept car close to a production model based on the Concept XR-PHEV that was exhibited at the Tokyo Motor Show 2013. It has a chrome-plated fascia and a new rear fender design.|
|The PHEV system of the Concept-XR PHEV-II is a front-wheel drive type and consists of a 1.1-liter 3-cylinder direct-injection turbocharged MIVEC engine (with maximum output of 134hp/100kW and a newly developed motor (with maximum output of 163hp/122kW). It has fuel economy of 3.6-liter /100km, CO2 emissions of 40g/km or less, and electric-only cruising range of 85km. It has a 12kWh lithium-ion battery stowed under the floor and overall length of 4,490mm, longer by 120m than the Concept-XR PHEV.|
|Chrome-plated fascia.||Newly-designed rear fender.|
|OUTLANDER PHEV Concept-S||The Outlander PHEV Concept-S that made an Asian debut at the auto show is a concept model presented as a special package of the Outlander PHEV.|
|The exterior of the new model was significantly modified from the previous Outlander-PHEV. It has a three-diamond logo at the center of the front grille, making it look like the letter "X." It has a new bumper and headlights, with a sharp mask design flowing from the center to the outside of the face. Its powertrain has not been changed from the Outlander PHEV.|
|It is 4,760mm long, 1,840mm wide and 1,700mm high, making it a bit larger than the Outlander-PHEV.|
|X-shaped fascia||Renewed bumper and headlamps.|
Hyundai Motor: Diesel-fueled PHV model
Hyundai Motor announced the ninth-generation Sonata in March 2015. At the same time, the company announced the "Blue product strategy" tailored to the Chinese market. It follows the "From Today to Future" brand strategy that was announced at the end of 2013. Beijing Hyundai will develop products from three standpoints of environmental consideration, smart technologies and customer service that are the core principles in the "Blue product strategy."
Hyundai: Tucson Plug-in Hybrid Concept
|Tucson Plug-in Hybrid Concept||This is a diesel-fueled hybrid model of the Tucson. Its exterior inherits the hexagonal grille from the Tucson production model. The charging plug is located by the fender panel.|
|The powertrain consists of a 1.7-liter 4-cylinder diesel engine (with maximum output of 85kW) combined with a motor (50kW) and a 7-speed DCT transmission. The system has maximum output of 135kW and maximum torque of 474Nm along with CO2 emissions of 48g/km or less. The 10.7kWh lithium polymer battery is stowed in back of the car. It has EV range of 50km (31miles) and is charged in 2.5 hours (quick charge) and 5 hours (regular charge).|
|The hexagonal grille inherited from the series.||"Hybrid" logo in the license plate.|
Toyota: Locally developed and manufactured HVs
Toyota unveiled HVs developed by its development function in China and tailored to Chinese market. Hybrid vehicles are not classified as "new-energy vehicles" in Chinese regulations. Unlike PHVs, HVs are not eligible for the government's promotional support at present. As a pioneer in HV technology, Toyota is set to promote HVs in China leveraging its technical leadership and local development and manufacturing capabilities.
On April 15, prior to the Auto Shanghai 2015, Toyota announced a plan to add a new production line at GAC Toyota with annual capacity of 100,000 units in 2017. This will increase Toyota's annual capacity in China to 1.13 million units.
(Note: On May 18, 2015, The Chinese government announced that it will offer vehicle tax reduction on passenger vehicles (including hybrids) that meet certain fuel efficiency requirements and has an engine displacement smaller than 1.6-liter. (Added on May 19, 2015)
|Corolla HV/Levin HV||Toyota unveiled the locally developed Corolla and Levin HVs at the auto show. The Corolla and the Levin are middle class sedan siblings that are sold by FAW Toyota (Corolla) and by GAC Toyota (Levin). Their HV models are slated for launch in 2015.|
|The two HV models are tailored to the Chinese market and developed mainly by Toyota Motor Engineering and Manufacturing China (TMEC) located in Changshu. They are fitted with the first hybrid system that was developed and produced locally in China.|
|Corolla HV||Levin HV|
|RX 450h||The all- new RX, unveiled earlier at the New York International Auto Show that opened on April 1, 2015, is a high-end midsize crossover. It has three variants including the hybrid model (RX 450h), gasoline engine model (RX300), and the turbocharged gasoline engine model (RX 200t, unveiled at the Auto Shanghai 2015).|
|ES 300h||The ES 300h, a partially renewed large-size sedan, made a world premiere at the auto show. It is the best-selling model in China among the Lexus cars.|
|RX 450h||ES 300h (Seen in the back is the LF-C2 concept unveiled at the Los Angeles Auto Show 2014)|
Nissan: Murano Hybrid, flagship SUV
|Murano Hybrid||Nissan exhibited a hybrid version of the all-new Murano which is the company's flagship SUV. Its hybrid system consists of an all-new 2.5-liter supercharged QR25DER engine combined with a motor and a compact lithium-ion battery. It is as powerful as a 3.5-liter V6 engine and as fuel efficient as a 2.0-liter engine. The Murano Hybrid is slated for launch in China in the summer of 2015.|
<Automotive Industry Portal MarkLines>