Analysis Report by Component : Airbag (U.S. and European Markets)

2016/08/18

List of Airbag suppliers

Autoliv ZF-TRW Key Safety Systems

Go to Airbag (Japanese Market)



I. Introduction

Airbags have become a familiar, every-day item of automotive-passenger-protection equipment, ever since they were first introduced in the 1970s. They are being factory-installed on practically every vehicle being sold in Europe and the Americas. In looking at the development of airbags over the years, they were initially installed on steering wheel columns to protect the driver's upper body against frontal collisions. Then airbags were developed to protect front-seat passengers. In recent years, they are being installed in areas of the interior cabin to protect passenger heads and their lumbar region and lower limbs, and being installed to protect back-seat passengers as well against lateral collisions and rollovers. However, they were initially designed to protect soley the vehicle occupants. Then in 2008, a pop-up-hood system was commercialized to protect pedestrians against collisions. And in 2013, Autoliv developed the world's first pedestrian airbag, which was installed on the Volvo V40 and XC40, which garnered a huge amount of attention worldwide. These airbags are now being equipped on other OEMs' models sold in the European market.
The world's three largest airbag suppliers are as follows, in descending order of global market share: Autoliv (Sweden); Takata (Japan); and ZF TRW (USA), which is under the Germany-based ZF Group. This report covers European and USA airbag markets, so Takata it would seem wouldn't be a major player in these two markets when compared to the other two suppliers, and when compared to the size of the business it does in Japan. Nevertheless, since Takata is a major supplier of airbags to the European and US OEMs also, it has the third largest market share in these two markets alone, placing it among the same top 3, like in the global market. However, the recent issues with Takata's airbag inflators, which first surfaced in the USA, and the ensuing recall, could impact Takata's global market share of airbags in the future.
The fourth largest airbag supplier in these two markets is Key Safety Systems (KSS) based in the USA.
This report covers the four above-mentioned suppliers' airbag systems, including electronically controlled parts for airbags, which are being equipped in the European and US markets and gives an outline and analysis of the models on which these airbag systems are being equipped. For details about Japanese suppliers (Takata, Toyoda Gosei, Nihon Plast, and Ashimori Industry) that deliver airbags and related products to models in Europe and North America, refer to the separate, Japan supplier/airbag-market report by Marklines.



II. Technological Developments and Global Production Plants / R&D Centers by Major European and US Airbag Suppliers

1) Technological Developments and Global Production Plants

Autoliv, Inc.

Autoliv, Inc., based in Sweden, is the world's largest auto-safety systems supplier, conducting R&D, production, and sales activities on airbags, seatbelts, steering wheels, and safety electronics. Although the company has been active in expanding its electronics business division engaged in driver-assist systems, its airbag division accounts for 55% of its total sales. It has a 40% global market share of airbags, the highest in the world.

  • Technological developments: Ever since Autoliv Inc. was established in 1996 through a merger and acquisition of Morton ASP, which was an airbag manufacturer doing business mainly in North America and Asia, it has been continually engaged in conducting R&D activities. The following are recent, noteworthy R&D activities.
    1. Hydrogen-generation inflator (2012): The company developed the world's first, environmentally friendly inflator. Specifically, what is released when the airbag is deployed is water vapor only, which is harmless to the environment. Hydrogen, instead of gun powder, is used. When the airbag deploys, hydrogen explodes and reacts with oxygen to expand into an inert gas. It is being equipped on the Volkswagen Passat that was released in 2015.
    2. Pedestrian airbag (2013): This airbag, the first of its type to be commercialized in the world, was first equipped on the Volvo V40 and XC40. Later, it was equipped on Ford and Renault models built for the European market.
  • Production Plant developments: Until 2014 the company was quite heavily investing mainly in Asia, building production plants in order to expand its business globally. However, over the past two years, it has not built any airbag production plants. This is because it is instead investing in its electronics business that makes driver-assist systems.
    1. 2013: launched commercial production of airbags at Plant No. 2 in Chon Buri Province, Thailand.
    2. 2013: transferred the operations of its existing cushion production plant in Shanghai, to a new plant. As a result, the company was able to increase the production capacity of the Shanghai Plant in terms of making more airbag modules.
    3. 2014: Constructed a production plant that will deliver airbags to Great Wall Motor Company; in Baoding, Hebei Province, China.
    4. 2014: in order to support American Honda Motor with the recall taking place in the USA, the company is increasing the production capacity of airbag inflators at several of its existing plants, in order to deliver replacement inflators.

Takata Corporation

The company has the second largest market share of airbags in the world, following Autoliv. Since this supplier is based in Japan, more details about its recent developments and production plants are covered in the Japan supplier/airbag-market report. As a result, this report here gives a brief synopsis only about the company's recent developments, as they pertain to the European and US markets. As mentioned above, the company was heavily covered in the news when it was forced to recall its airbag inflators, after defects surfaced in the US. Another item to mention about Takata is the front-seat, center airbag that it commercialized jointly with GM. As of 2016, ZF TRW also has finished developing the same product. Nevertheless, Takata developed and successfully commercialized its center-airbag ahead of ZF TRW, in 2012, installing it on GM's 2013MY models.

ZF TRW Automotive Holdings Corp. (Formerly TRW Automotive Holdings Corporation)

TRW Automotive Holdings Corporation at one time was one of the major US suppliers that had a strong presence in the automotive-safety systems and parts sector such as brakes, airbags, and steering systems. However, the company agreed to be acquired by Germany-based ZF Friedrichshafen AG for USD 11.7 billion. (The acquisition was finalized in May 2015.) After the acquisition, TRW Automotive was absorbed into a new division established by ZF, the Active & Passive Safety Technology Division. For the purposes of this report, the company "ZF TRW" is referred to as "ZF-TRW."
In the airbag sector, the company has the third largest market share of airbags in the world, following Autoliv and Takata, respectively. However, with the trouble that Takata has faced with the recall of its airbag inflators, there is a possibility that in the future ZF-TRW might overtake Takata in terms of global market share.

  • Technological developments: Similarly to Autoliv, the company has been quite active in conducting R&D activities. The following are recent, noteworthy R&D activities.
    1. New-type adaptive side airbag (2012): In high-impact lateral collisions, the sides of vehicles can be severely crushed inward. This new-type adaptive side airbag can absorb quite a large amount of energy that is released during strong and hard collisions, by continuously being able to maintain airbag pressure for a longer period of time. In addition, it reduces the amount of area that gets crushed between the doors and occupants.
    2. SDE (Safety-Domain ECU) (2013): This safety-control ECU controls various safety functions such as brakes and airbags in an integrated manner and is sure to become a core component in safety systems. The company is considering launching this SDE sometime within 2016. This SDE comes loaded with the latest safety functions as standard equipment, such as radar, braking, rollover-control, and torque vectoring. OEMs can select which functions they want the SDE to control, depending on the model. As a result, this latest SDE eliminates the previous need to have all sorts of ECUs and enhances safety functions. And in addition, this SDE will eliminate complications that arise between ECUs, such as with inter-communications, which are caused by differences in the ECU specs because they are made by different suppliers.
    3. New-type roof airbag (2014): The company commercialized this new type of roof airbag, which is fixed onto (or beneath) the headlining above the windscreen. It is deployed from the housing located in the ceiling trim. As a result, it can better protect the various shapes and sizes of the occupants sitting in the front seat. It was equipped on the Citroen C4 Cactus that was launched in 2014.
    4. Compact and lightweight inflator: (2015): Compared to conventional inflators, this latest inflator is 5mm smaller in diameter, 50mm shorter in length, and 35% lighter in weight. It is designed for use in airbags for ZF-TRW's small-sized roof rails that are being installed on models sold in Europe and China, which includes ultra-minicars, up to mid-size cars. It is being manufactured in three locations around the world: Europe, the US, and China.
    5. New type rear-seat airbags (2014): The company has been developing two types of rear-seat airbags. The first one is a rear-seat airbag that is based on and is an improvement over the roof airbag mentioned in 3 above. The second one is an airbag installed on the back of the front seats, which is designed to protect passengers seated in the rear-seats. The company is still developing these airbags, aiming to begin manufacturing them in the second half of 2017.
    6. New-type center airbag (2015): The company completed developing this center airbag that is compliant with the lateral-collision test that the Euro NCAP is considering conducting from 2018. This airbag is located between the driver and front-passenger seat and deploys during lateral collisions to protect the head, shoulders, and limbs of passengers seated in the front seats.
  • Production Plant and R&D Center Developments: Before TRW was acquired by ZF in 2015, the company was actively establishing new production plants, mainly in Asia.
    1. In March 2015, the company announced that it would double the number of engineers at its R&D center in Japan, as a means of strengthening its R&D function in the country and enable the Japan R&D center to conduct R&D activities on ECU software for controlling airbags and driver-assist cameras for Japanese OEMs.
    2. In August 2015, the company established a joint-venture production plant in India to assemble airbags. The new joint venture, Rane TRW Steering Systems (RTSSL), is a 50-50 joint venture between the Rane Group and ZF TRW. The new plant is located in Singaperumal Koil near Chennai, India and adjacent to RTSSL's plant producing seatbelts. It has an area of 1,800M sq. and is located quite near a Ford production plant. The new plant assembles driver-seat and front passenger-seat airbag modules.
    3. In November 2015, the company launched commercial operations at plants in Zhangjiagang, Jiangsu, China. One manufacture brake systems. The other is responsible for passenger-safety systems, building driver-seat airbags, front passenger-seat airbags, side airbags, and curtain airbags. The plant's area is 16,000M sq. In addition, the plant assembles seat belt retractor lock systems, hood lifters, and such. By the end of 2016, the plant plans to employ over 500 workers.
    4. In June 2016, the company set up a new collision-testing sled at the Anting R&D center that opened in June 2014 in the Jiading District of Shanghai. This is ZF-TRW's fourth collision-testing location in the world. It is equipped with the latest Servo Sled and equipment that can adjust dummies and enable numerous types of testing to be conducted. The Anting R&D center is 66,000M sq. in size, making it ZF TRW's largest R&D center.

Key Safety Systems, Inc. (KSS)

KSS is based in the USA and is a safety parts and systems supplier producing not only airbags but also seatbelts, steering wheels, and other products. In February 2016, Ningbo Joyson Electronic announced its intention to acquire KSS for USD 920 million, in order to strengthen its automotive intelligent security operations. The acquisition was completed on June 7th of the same year. As a result of the acquisition, KSS became a wholly owned subsidiary of Ningbo Joyson Electronic. Nevertheless, the name "KSS" will remain as is and its operations will still be based in the USA.

  • R&D Activities: Prior to becoming KSS, the company was known as Breed Technologies, Inc., which filed for protection under Chapter 11 of the US Bankruptcy Code in 1999. In addition, since the company does not manufacture electronic control devices such as ECUs, its R&D activities are quite limited and are seen as rather small-scale, when compared to the very active and robust R&D activities by the number one and two global suppliers Autoliv and ZF-TRW.
    The company has commercialized a combination seatbelt/airbag called the "KSS inflatabelt"®, which it first delivered to the 2011 Ford Explorer. It is available not only in North America but also elsewhere such as in China. In addition, in March 2015, in order to strengthen and further advance its rather limited R&D activities on electronic control systems, KSS partnered with Mobileye and opened designated technical centers in Silicon Valley (USA) and Suzhou (China). Ultimately, the company is aiming to develop ADAS (Advanced Driving Assistant Systems) that will make driving safer based on active warnings and automatic active intervention.
    1. Dual-chamber side airbag (2011): This airbag, which uses technology jointly developed with Toyota, is being installed on Toyota Motor Europe's redesigned Yaris. It contains a cold-gas inflator and a dual chamber, enabling it to deploy under different levels of pressure.
  • Production Plant and R&D Center Developments: KSS differs from the two leading suppliers, in that it has focused on establishing its R&D functions mainly in Asia, especially in China, while focusing on establishing its production operations in the European Region. As a result of becoming a wholly owned subsidiary of Ningbo Joyson Electronic of China, however, the company will probably rethink its strategy of where to expand its operations.
    1. Its R&D center located in the outskirts of Seoul, Korea started operating in December 2012. Korea became the fifth country in which the company has R&D centers. The others are the USA, Germany, Japan, and China.
    2. In February 2015, the company increased its shareholding in KSS-Abhishek Safety Systems, a joint venture in India. This joint venture produces automotive safety systems such as airbags and seatbelts, delivering them to the local market in India as well as to markets in other countries.
    3. In order to boost its production capacity in Europe, it constructed a new production plant in Kicevo, which is in the western part of Macedonia, which started operating in May 2015. This became KSS' first production plant in Europe to work deal with airbag cushions. It is responsible for cutting and sewing operations. When operating at full capacity it plans to have 1,000 workers.

2) Matrix of major collaborations and joint ventures among suppliers



III. List of major airbag suppliers and their OEM customers (for vehicles built in Europe and the US)

Airbags are automotive safety devices designed to protect occupants. Nowadays, there are driver airbags, front passenger-seat airbags, side airbags, curtain airbags, knee airbags and others. On any one vehicle, it is rare for all of the airbags installed to be manufactured by the same supplier, as more often, various suppliers deliver different airbags designed for separate areas of the vehicle. In recent years, in addition to the various kinds of airbags mentioned above, roof airbags protecting front and rear seats, front-seat center airbags, rear-seat center airbags, and pedestrian airbags have been commercialized.

Autoliv

As the world's leading supplier of airbags, it delivers a huge range of airbags to almost all of the European, US, and Japanese OEMs. It directly competes with suppliers such as Bosch and Continental in the area of electronic control devices such as ECUs and sensors for some models. In addition, Autoliv was the company that developed the world's first pedestrian airbag, demonstrating its high level of product-development capabilities while garnering much attention.

ZF-TRW

Its products are installed on numerous models built not only by the US Big Three but also by major European OEMs as well. However, when compared to the market leader Autoliv, it delivers to fewer OEMs and it has less content ratio per model. Just like Autoliv, it directly competes with suppliers such as Bosch and Continental in the area of electronic control devices such as ECUs and sensors for some models.

Takata

Although a Japanese supplier, Takata is a major, global supplier delivering products to European and US OEMs such as the US Big Three, BMW, Daimler, and Audi. Among its airbag lineup, one worthy of mention is a front-seat center airbag jointly developed and mainly designed for GM in the North American market. However, it basically delivers hardly any electronic control devices to speak of, such as ECUs, to any market, including Japan even.

Key Safety Systems (KSS)

KSS is a wholly owned subsidiary of Ningbo Joyson Electronic and delivers products to Ford, GM, Audi, VW and other OEMs. Even though it manufactures a wide array of airbags, it has fewer customers compared to the other three suppliers mentioned above. In addition to this, its content ratio per model is also quite low in comparison, which is an indication that the company is having a difficult time competing with the bigger suppliers.

D: Driver airbags/ P: Passenger airbags/ F: Front center airbags/ S: Side airbags/ C: Curtain airbags/ K: Knee airbags/ PP: Pedestrian protection airbags/ E: Electronic control units (ECUs)/ SS: Sensors

OEM Autoliv
(Sweden)
ZF-TRW
(USA)
Takata
(Japan)
KSS
(USA)
Continental
(Germany)
Bosch
(Germany)
Others
Alfa Romeo Europe D P/S/C D/S E
Audi Europe D/P/S/C/K D/P/S S/C P/C/K E E
Americas D/P/C/K S
AvtoVAZ Europe D/P/S
Bentley Europe S S E
BMW Europe D/P/S/C/K/E/PP D/P/S/C D/P/S/C/K K E Delphi (USA) E
Americas D/P/S/C/K S/C D/P/S/C/K P E
Chrysler Europe D/S/K
Americas D/P/S/C/K D/P/S/C/K/SS D/P/S/C E/SS E/SS
Citroen Europe D/P/C/E D/P/S/C/K/E D/P/S/C E
Americas D/P
Dacia Europe P/S
Daimler Europe D/P/S/C/K D/P/K D/P/K E
Americas D/P/S/C/K D/P/S/C/K D/P E
Ferrari Europe D
Fiat Europe D/P/S/C/PP E D/P
Americas D/P/S/C/K
Ford Europe D/P/S/C/PP C D E E
Americas P/S/C/K/E/SS D/P/S/C/K/E D/P/S/C/K S E Faurecia (FRA) K
GM Americas D/P/S/C/K/SS D/P/S/C/K D/P/F/S/C S/C E S&T Automotive (KOR) K
Delphi (USA) E
Honda Europe E
Americas D/P/S/C/K E D/P/S/C Ashimori Industry (JPN) D
Toyoda Gosei (JPN) D/K/C
DENSO (JPN) E/SS
Hyundai Europe D/P/S/C/PP D/P/E Hyundai Mobis (KOR) P/C
Americas D/P/S/C D/P
Jaguar Europe D/P/S/C D P
Land Rover Europe D/P/S/C/K/PP D/P
Maserati Europe E D/P
Mazda Americas D/S/C P Ashimori Industry (JPN) D
Mitsubishi Europe D/P/S/C Toyoda Gosei (JPN) D/P/S
Americas D/P
Nissan Europe D/P/S/C D E Nihon Plast (JPN) D/P/S/C
Americas S P
Opel Europe D/P/S/C/SS D/S D/P P E Delphi (USA) E
Peugeot Europe D/P/S/C/K/E D/P/S/C E
Porsche Europe P/C/K D/P/E S
Renault Europe D/P/S/C/PP E/SS E
Seat Europe S
Skoda Europe P/S D/S
Subaru Americas S/C
Suzuki Europe S/C Toyoda Gosei (JPN) D/P
Tesla Americas S
Toyota Europe D/S/C E Toyoda Gosei (JPN) D/P/K
Americas S/C E/SS D/P/K DENSO (JPN) E/SS
Volkswagen Europe D/P/S/C D/P/S/K/E D/S K E E
Americas P/K D/P/S D/S K
Volvo Europe D/P/S/C/K/PP/
E/SS
D D/S E


IV. Product installations by carmaker, model, supplier and products

1) North America

Carmaker Model MY Driver Passenger Side Curtain Knee ECU Sensor
Audi A5 2015 Takata
Audi A7 2015 Autoliv Autoliv Autoliv
Audi A8 2015 Autoliv Autoliv Autoliv
Audi Q5 2015 Autoliv
BMW 1 Series 2015 Takata Autoliv Autoliv
BMW 3 Series 2015 Takata Autoliv Autoliv
BMW 5 Series 2015 Autoliv Autoliv Takata Takata Autoliv
BMW 6 Series 2015 Autoliv Autoliv
BMW X3 (F25) 2015 Takata Takata ZF-TRW ZF-TRW Takata
BMW X4 (USA - F26) 2014 Takata Takata ZF-TRW ZF-TRW Takata
BMW X5 (F15) 2015 Autoliv Autoliv
BMW X5 (USA - F15) 2014 Takata KSS Takata ZF-TRW Bosch
BMW X6 (F16) 2015 Takata KSS Autoliv
Takata
Autoliv
Chrysler 200C (USA) 2015 Autoliv Autoliv Autoliv ZF-TRW
Chrysler 300 2011 Takata Takata KSS KSS Bosch Bosch
Chrysler Pacifica (Canada) 2016 Autoliv Autoliv Autoliv
Chrysler Town & Country (Canada) 2016 ZF-TRW ZF-TRW ZF-TRW
Chrysler Town & Country (USA) 2011 Continental Continental
Chrysler Dodge Caravan 2011 Continental Continental
Chrysler Dodge Challenger (Canada) 2009 Takata Takata Bosch Bosch
Chrysler Dodge Charger (Canada) 2011 Takata Takata Bosch Bosch
Chrysler Dodge Dart (USA) 2013 Autoliv ZF-TRW Autoliv
ZF-TRW
Autoliv ZF-TRW ZF-TRW ZF-TRW
Chrysler Dodge Durango 2013 Bosch Bosch
Chrysler Dodge Grand Caravan 2008 ZF-TRW ZF-TRW ZF-TRW Autoliv
Chrysler Dodge Journey (Mexico) 2009 ZF-TRW
Chrysler Dodge Viper 2013 ZF-TRW
Chrysler Jeep Cherokee 2015 Takata Takata Autoliv Autoliv Takata ZF-TRW
Chrysler Jeep Compass 2013 ZF-TRW
Chrysler Jeep Grand Cherokee 2011 Takata Autoliv Autoliv Autoliv Bosch Bosch
Chrysler Jeep Patriot 2013 ZF-TRW
Chrysler Ram Pickup 2013 Autoliv Autoliv Takata Takata
Chrysler Ram ProMaster (USA) 2014 Takata Takata
Chrysler Ram ProMaster (Mexico) 2014 Takata Takata
Citroen C3 AirCross (Brazil) 2014 Takata Takata
Daimler Mercedes C-Class (W205) 2014 Autoliv Autoliv Takata
Daimler Mercedes C-Class (USA-W205) 2014 Takata ZF-TRW ZF-TRW ZF-TRW
Daimler Mercedes CLS-Class Takata Takata
Daimler Mercedes E-Class (W212) ZF-TRW ZF-TRW Autoliv Autoliv ZF-TRW
Daimler Mercedes GLS-Class (X166) 2016 Autoliv Autoliv Autoliv Autoliv
Daimler Mercedes GLE Coupe (USA) 2015 Autoliv Autoliv Autoliv Autoliv
Daimler Mercedes M-Class 2013 ZF-TRW Autoliv Autoliv Autoliv Autoliv Bosch
Daimler Mercedes ML-Class (W166) 2012 Autoliv Autoliv Autoliv Autoliv
Fiat 500 (Mexico) 2013 Autoliv Autoliv Autoliv Autoliv Autoliv ZF-TRW
Fiat Palio (Brazil) 2014 Takata Takata
Ford C-MAX 2013 ZF-TRW Autoliv Autoliv Autoliv Autoliv ZF-TRW
Ford Escape 2013 ZF-TRW Autoliv Autoliv Autoliv Autoliv Bosch
Ford Expedition 2007 ZF-TRW ZF-TRW ZF-TRW ZF-TRW
Ford Explorer 2014 ZF-TRW KSS ZF-TRW Autoliv Autoliv
Ford F-Series (USA) 2015 ZF-TRW ZF-TRW Autoliv Autoliv Autoliv
Ford Fiesta (Mexico) 2012 ZF-TRW ZF-TRW ZF-TRW ZF-TRW ZF-TRW Autoliv Autoliv
Ford Focus 2013 Takata
ZF-TRW
Autoliv Autoliv
ZF-TRW
Bosch
Ford Fusion (USA) 2013 Autoliv Autoliv Autoliv ZF-TRW Bosch
Autoliv
Ford Fusion (Mexico) 2013 Takata Autoliv Autoliv Autoliv
Ford Mustang (USA) 2015 Takata Takata Takata Takata Takata
Faurecia
Autoliv
Ford Lincoln MKC 2014 Autoliv Autoliv Autoliv Autoliv
Ford Lincoln MKZ ZF-TRW
Ford Lincoln MKZ ZF-TRW
Ford Lincoln Navigator 2007 ZF-TRW ZF-TRW ZF-TRW ZF-TRW
GM Buick Enclave 2013 Takata
GM Buick La Crosse 2010 Autoliv Autoliv Takata Takata Continental
GM Buick Regal (Canada) 2014 Autoliv
GM Cadillac ATS (USA) 2013 Autoliv Autoliv Autoliv Autoliv
GM Cadillac XT5 (USA) 2016 ZF-TRW ZF-TRW
GM Cadillac XTS (Canada) 2013 Takata Takata
GM Chevrolet Corvette 2014 ZF-TRW ZF-TRW
GM Chevrolet Cruze 2014 Takata
GM Chevrolet Cruze (Mexico) 2013 S&T
GM Chevrolet Impala (Canada) 2014 ZF-TRW ZF-TRW ZF-TRW ZF-TRW
GM Chevrolet Silverado 2014 Autoliv Autoliv KSS
GM Chevrolet Sonic (USA) 2012 Takata
GM Chevrolet Tahoe (USA) 2015 Takata Takata
GM Chevrolet Traverse (USA) 2014 Autoliv KSS ZF-TRW ZF-TRW
GM Chevrolet Trax (Mexico) 2012 Delphi
GM GMC Acadia 2017
GM GMC Sierra (USA) 2014 KSS
Honda Acura ILX (USA) 2016 Takata Takata Takata
Honda Acura MDX 2013 Autoliv Autoliv Autoliv Autoliv
Honda Acura RDX (USA) 2018 Toyoda Gosei
Honda Acura RDX (USA) 2016 Takata
Honda Acura RLX 2014 Autoliv Autoliv
Honda Accord (USA) 2017 Toyoda Gosei Toyoda Gosei Toyoda Gosei
Honda Accord (USA) 2013 Autoliv Takata ZF-TRW
Honda Civic (USA) - FC 2016 Autoliv Autoliv Autoliv Autoliv
Honda Civic (Brazil) - FB/FG 2014 Takata Takata
Honda CR-V (USA) 2016 Toyoda Gosei Toyoda Gosei ZF-TRW
Honda CR-V (Canada) 2016 Autoliv Autoliv Autoliv
Honda Fit (Mexico) 2015 Ashimori Industry
Honda Odyssey (USA) 2016 Toyoda Gosei Toyoda Gosei ZF-TRW Denso
Honda Pilot (USA) 2016 Autoliv Autoliv
Honda HR-V (Vezel in Mexico) 2015 Takata
Hyundai Sonata 2015 ZF-TRW ZF-TRW
Hyundai Veloster 2015 Autoliv Autoliv Autoliv Autoliv
Mazda Mazda 2 (Mexico) 2015 Ashimori Industry
Mazda Mazda 3 (Mexico) 2015 Ashimori Industry
Autoliv
Takata Autoliv Autoliv
Mitsubishi Pajero (Brazil) 2014 Takata Takata
Nissan Altima (USA) 2013 Takata Autoliv
Nissan Versa Note (USA) 2014 Takata
Subaru Legacy (USA) 2015 Autoliv Autoliv
Subaru Outback (USA) 2015 Autoliv Autoliv
Tesla Model X (USA) 2016 Autoliv
Toyota Avalon (USA) 2013 ZF-TRW ZF-TRW
Toyota Corolla (USA) 2014 Takata ZF-TRW
Toyota Corolla (Canada) 2014 Takata ZF-TRW
Toyota Corolla (Brazil) 2014 Takata Takata Takata
Toyota Highlander (USA) 2014 Denso Denso
Toyota Siena (USA) 2010 Takata Autoliv Autoliv
Toyota Tundra (USA) 2014 Takata ZF-TRW
Toyota Yaris iA 2017 Takata
Volkswagen Golf 2015 Takata Autoliv Autoliv
Volkswagen Jetta 2015 ZF-TRW ZF-TRW ZF-TRW KSS
Volkswagen Tiguan 2015 Takata
Volkswagen Touareg 2015 Takata

2) Europe

Carmaker Model MY Driver Passenger Side Curtain Knee ECU /
(Sensors)
Pedestrian
Alfa Romeo Giulietta (940) 2011 Autoliv ZF-TRW ZF-TRW ZF-TRW
Alfa Romeo MiTo (955) 2013 ZF-TRW Continental
Audi A1 (AU210) 2014 Autoliv Autoliv
Audi A3 (AU360) 2014 KSS KSS Bosch
Audi A3 Sportback e-tron (AU360) 2014 Bosch
Audi A4 (AU491/492) 2016 Autoliv Autoliv
Audi A5 (AU483/484) 2014 Takata
Audi A6 (AU571/572) 2014 Autoliv
Audi A7 (AU573) 2016 Autoliv
Takata
Autoliv KSS Autoliv Bosch
Audi A8 (AU641) 2014 Autoliv Autoliv KSS Autoliv Bosch
Audi A8 Hybrid (AU641) 2013 Bosch
Audi Q3 (AU316) 2014 ZF-TRW ZF-TRW ZF-TRW
Audi Q5 (AU416) 2014 ZF-TRW Autoliv Continental
Audi Q5 Hybrid (AU416) 2013 Continental
Audi Q7 (AUAU726) 2015 Takata
Autoliv
AvtoVAZ Lada Granta (Russia) 2014 Takata Takata Takata
Bentley Mulsanne 2011 Takata
KSS
Bosch
BMW 1 Series (F20) 2014 ZF-TRW ZF-TRW Autoliv Autoliv KSS Bosch
BMW 2 Series (F20) 2013 Autoliv Autoliv
BMW 3 Series (F30) 2014 Takata ZF-TRW Autoliv Autoliv KSS Bosch Autoliv
BMW 3 Series GT (F34) 2014 Autoliv Autoliv Autoliv Autoliv
BMW 4 Series (F30) 2014 Autoliv Autoliv
BMW 4 Series Cabrio (F30) 2014 ZF-TRW ZF-TRW
BMW 5 Series (F10) 2014 Autoliv Autoliv Takata Takata Autoliv Autoliv
BMW 5 Series GT (F07) 2011 Autoliv Autoliv Autoliv Autoliv
BMW ActiveHybrid 5 (F10) 2013 Autoliv
BMW 6 Series (F12) 2012 Autoliv Autoliv Autoliv Autoliv Delphi
BMW 7 Series (G11) 2016 Autoliv
Takata
BMW i3 (I01) 2013 Autoliv Autoliv Autoliv
BMW i8 (I12) 2013 Autoliv Autoliv Autoliv
BMW X3 (F25) 2014 Takata Takata ZF-TRW ZF-TRW
BMW X5 (F15) 2014 Autoliv Autoliv
BMW X6 (F16) 2014 Autoliv
BMW Z4 (E89) 2014 Takata
BMW MINI Countryman (R60) 2014 Autoliv Autoliv Autoliv
Chrysler Jeep Renegade (Italy) 2015 ZF-TRW ZF-TRW ZF-TRW
Citroen Berlingo (B9) 2011 ZF-TRW ZF-TRW ZF-TRW ZF-TRW
Citroen C3-Picasso (A58) 2011 Autoliv Autoliv Autoliv
Citroen DS3 (A55) 2011 Takata Takata ZF-TRW ZF-TRW Autoliv
Citroen C4 (B71) 2011 Takata Takata Continental
Citroen C4-Cactus (E3 / Spain) 2015 ZF-TRW ZF-TRW
Citroen C4-Picasso (B78) 2013 Autoliv
Citroen C5 (X7) 2011 ZF-TRW ZF-TRW ZF-TRW ZF-TRW Autoliv
Citroen DS5 (B81) 2014 Takata Takata ZF-TRW
Dacia Duster 2014 Autoliv
Dacia Lodgy 2012 Autoliv Autoliv
Dacia Logan 2014 Autoliv
Daimler Mercedes A-Class (W176) 2014 Takata Autoliv Autoliv
Daimler Mercedes GLA (X156) 2014 Takata
Daimler Mercedes B-Class (W246) 2014 Takata Autoliv Autoliv Autoliv Autoliv
Daimler Mercedes CLA-Class (C117) 2014 Autoliv Autoliv Autoliv Autoliv
Daimler Mercedes CLS-Class (W218) 2014 Takata ZF-TRW
Daimler Mercedes E-Class (W212) 2014 ZF-TRW ZF-TRW Autoliv Autoliv ZF-TRW Continental
Daimler Mercedes E-Class (W213) 2016 Autoliv Autoliv Autoliv
Daimler Mercedes M-Class (W166) 2014 ZF-TRW Autoliv Autoliv Autoliv Autoliv
Daimler Mercedes S-Class (W222) 2013 Autoliv Autoliv
Daimler Mercedes SL-Class (R231) 2014 Takata Takata
Daimler Mercedes SLK-Class (R172) 2014 Takata
Ferrari California T (Italy) 2015 Takata
Ferrari F12 berlinetta (Italy) 2015 Takata
Ferrari FF (Italy) 2015 Takata
Fiat 500L 2013 Autoliv Autoliv Autoliv Autoliv Autoliv
Fiat Panda 2013 ZF-TRW
Ford B-MAX 2013 Autoliv Autoliv Autoliv Autoliv Autoliv
Ford Fiesta (B299) 2013 Continental
Ford Focus (C346) 2013 Bosch
Ford Kuga (MK2) 2013 Autoliv Autoliv Autoliv Autoliv Autoliv
Ford Mondeo (Spain-MK5) 2014 Takata Autoliv Autoliv Autoliv
Ford Transit 2013 Autoliv Autoliv Autoliv Autoliv
Ford Transit Wagon 2015 ZF-TRW
Honda Civic (FK5) 2013 ZF-TRW
Honda CR-V (WH/WS) 2013 ZF-TRW
Hyundai i30 (GD) 2014 Hyundai Mobis
Hyundai Santa Fe (DM) 2013 Autoliv
Hyundai Tucson (Czech Republic) 2016 Autoliv Autoliv Autoliv Autoliv
Jaguar F-type (X152) 2013 Autoliv Autoliv
Jaguar XE (AJ200) 2015 Takata KSS Autoliv
Jaguar XF (X260) 2015 KSS
Jaguar XJ (X351) 2011 Autoliv Autoliv Autoliv
Land Rover Discovery (L319) 2011 Autoliv
Land Rover Discovery Sport (L550) 2015 Autoliv Autoliv Autoliv Autoliv
Land Rover Range Rover (L405) 2014 Takata
Land Rover Range Rover Evoque 2014 Takata Autoliv Autoliv Autoliv Autoliv
Land Rover Range Rover Sprot (L494) 2013 Autoliv Autoliv Autoliv Autoliv
Maserati Ghibli 2013 Autoliv Autoliv
Maserati Quattroporte (VI) 2014 KSS KSS Autoliv
Mitsubishi ASX (GA3W) 2011 Autoliv Autoliv Autoliv Autoliv
Mitsubishi Montero (V8#/V9#) 2011 Autoliv Autoliv Autoliv
Nissan Juke (F15) 2011 Nihon Plast Nihon Plast Nihon Plast Nihon Plast Bosch
Nissan NV200 (M20) 2011 Autoliv Nihon Plast Nihon Plast
Nissan Qashqai (J11) 2014 ZF-TRW Autoliv
Nissan Infiniti Q60 (V36) 2011 Nihon Plast Nihon Plast Nihon Plast Nihon Plast
Nissan Infiniti Q70 (Y51) 2011 Nihon Plast Autoliv Autoliv Autoliv
Nissan Infiniti QX50 (J50) 2011 Nihon Plast Nihon Plast Nihon Plast
Nissan Infiniti QX70 (S51) 2011 Nihon Plast Nihon Plast Nihon Plast
Opel/Vauxhall Adam 2013 Autoliv
Opel/Vauxhall Cascada (Poland) 2013 KSS (Autoliv)
Opel/Vauxhall Corsa (Spain) 2014 Autoliv Autoliv
Opel/Vauxhall Insignia (J3700) 2013 Autoliv Autoliv Continental
Opel Meriva (A4416) 2011 Takata Takata Autoliv Autoliv
Opel Mokka 2013 Delphi
Opel/Vauxhall Vivaro (Vivaro B) 2015 ZF-TRW ZF-TRW
Opel Zafira (A3470) 2011 Autoliv Autoliv Autoliv Autoliv
Peugeot 208 (A9) 2012 Autoliv Autoliv Autoliv
Peugeot 308 (308 II / T9) 2013 Autoliv Autoliv Autoliv
Peugeot 4008 2013 Autoliv Autoliv Autoliv
Peugeot 508 (W2) 2011 Autoliv Autoliv
Peugeot 5008 (T87) 2013 Bosch
Peugeot Partner (B9) 2011 ZF-TRW ZF-TRW ZF-TRW ZF-TRW
Peugeot RCZ (T75) 2011 Autoliv Autoliv
Porsche 911 (991) 2014 Autoliv Autoliv Autoliv ZF-TRW
Porsche Panamera (970) 2011 ZF-TRW ZF-TRW Takata ZF-TRW
Renault Clio (X98) 2013 Autoliv Autoliv Autoliv Autoliv Bosch Autoliv
Renault Espace (J81) 2015 Autoliv Autoliv
Renault Fluence (L38) 2014 Autoliv Autoliv
Renault Kangoo (X61) 2013 Continental
Renault Koleos 2011 Autoliv Autoliv
Renault Master (X70/X72) 2014 Autoliv
Renault Megane (Spain) 2016 Autoliv Autoliv Autoliv Autoliv
Renault Megane (X95) 2014 Autoliv Autoliv Autoliv
Renault Scenic (J95) 2014 Autoliv Autoliv Autoliv Autoliv
Renault ZOE 2013 Autoliv Autoliv Autoliv Continental /
(Continental)
Rolls-Royce Ghost 2011 Autoliv Autoliv
Seat Ibiza 2011 Autoliv
Skoda Octavia (SK361) 2014 Takata
Skoda Roomster (SK258) 2011 Autoliv
Skoda Yeti (SK356) 2011 Autoliv Takata
Suzuki Swift (YP6) 2011 Toyoda Gosei Toyoda Gosei Autoliv Autoliv
Toyota Avensis (T270) 2011 Toyoda Gosei Toyoda Gosei Autoliv Autoliv Toyoda Gosei ZF-TRW
Toyota Verso (556N) 2011 Autoliv Toyoda Gosei Autoliv Autoliv
Toyota Yaris (P15#) 2013 ZF-TRW
Volkswagen Jetta (VI) 2011 ZF-TRW ZF-TRW ZF-TRW Autoliv
Volkswagen Golf (VII) 2014 Autoliv Autoliv Continental
Volkswagen Passat (B8) 2015 Autoliv Autoliv Autoliv
Volkswagen Polo (6R / Spain) 2014 ZF-TRW ZF-TRW ZF-TRW ZF-TRW
Volkswagen Polo (6R / South Africa) 2012 Takata ZF-TRW Bosch
Volkswagen Scirocco (VW354) 2011 Takata
Volkswagen Sharan (VW428) 2011 Takata KSS
Volkswagen Tiguan (VW316) 2011 Autoliv Autoliv Takata Autoliv ZF-TRW
Volkswagen Touareg (VW526) 2013 ZF-TRW Takata Bosch
Volkswagen up! (VW120) 2014 Takata ZF-TRW
Volvo S60 (Y370) 2011 Autoliv Autoliv Autoliv Bosch
Volvo S90 (Y283) 2016 Autoliv Autoliv Autoliv /
(Autoliv)
Volvo V40 (Y465) 2013 Autoliv Autoliv Autoliv Autoliv Autoliv Autoliv
Volvo XC60 (Y413) 2011 ZF-TRW Autoliv Autoliv Autoliv
Volvo XC90 (Y537) 2016 Autoliv Autoliv Autoliv (Autoliv)

Vehicle News, publicity materials by each company, interview findings by MarkLines, etc.



V. Comparison in sales among leading suppliers of Airbag

Sales of airbags and related components as a % of overall sales

Dec. 2013 Dec. 2014 Dec. 2015 Products
Sales % Sales % Sales %
Autoliv million USD 4,822 54.8 5,019 54.3 5,036 54.9 Airbags and related products
(steering wheels, passive safety electronics and inflators)
ZF Group million EUR n.a n.a. n.a. n.a. 8,941 30.7 Occupant Safety Systems
(airbags, seatbelts, steering wheels)

Reference data
Overall revenue at each company

Dec. 2013 Dec. 2014 Dec. 2015
Autoliv (Sweden) million USD 8,803 9,240 9,169
ZF Group (Germany) million EUR n.a. n.a. 29,145

Source: Publicity materials by each company, interview findings by MarkLines, etc.



Global operating facilities (Detail)

A: Manufacturing facilities for Airbags and Airbag related products /S: Manufacturing facilities for Safety products / R: R&D facilities
Country Company name Location Ope-
rations
Equity
ratio
JV Partners Major customers Products
Autoliv (Sweden)
Asia Oceania
China Autoliv Beijing Safety Systems Co., Ltd. Beijing A Seatbelts
China Autoliv (Shanghai) Automotive Safety Restraint Systems Co., Ltd. Shanghai A
China Autoliv (Nanjing) Co., Ltd. Nanjing
China Autoliv (Guangzhou) Vehicle Safety Systems Co., Ltd Guangzhou A 100
China Autoliv (Changchun) Vehicle Safety Systems Co., Ltd Changchun A
China Autoliv Electronics/Inflators/Steering Wheels China Co., Ltd. Shanghai A Electronics, inflators,
steering wheels
China Autoliv Shenda (Tai Cang) Automotive Safety Systems Co., Ltd. Suzhou A
China Autoliv Guangzhou Vehicle Safety Systems Co., Ltd. Guangzhou A
India Autoliv India Private Ltd. Bangalore RA 100
India Autoliv India Private Ltd. Chennai A 100
India Autoliv India Private Ltd. Uttarakhand A 100
India Autoliv India Textile Pvt. Ltd. Karnataka A
Pakistan Plastech Autosafe Pvt. Ltd. Karachi A Licensee
Indonesia P.T. Autoliv Indonesia Jakarta A 100
Japan Autoliv Japan Ltd.
Tsukuba Facility & Japan Technical Center
Kasumigaura
(Ibaraki)
RA 100 Daihatsu, Hino, Honda, Isuzu, Mazda,
Mitsubishi Motors, Nissan, Nissan Diesel, Subaru, Suzuki, Toyota, Autoliv companies
Airbags,
seat belts
Japan Autoliv Japan Ltd.
Atsugi Facility
Atsugi (Kanagawa) A Steering wheels
Japan Autoliv Japan Ltd.
Aichi Facility
Chita-gun A Inflators
Japan Autoliv Japan Ltd.
Hiroshima Facility
Higashihiroshima A Airbag modules,
steering wheels
Korea Autoliv Korea Gyeonggi-do
Korea Autoliv Korea Wonju Gangwon-do
Malaysia Airbag Malaysia Selangor
Philippines Autoliv Izumi Philippines Cebu A 100 Steering wheels, shift knobs
Taiwan Mei-An Autoliv Co., Ltd. Taoyuan A 59 Mei an Industrial 41
Thailand Autoliv Thailand Ltd Muang (Chonburi) A 100
Thailand Autoliv Asia ROH Co., Ltd. Bangkok
Americas
Brazil Autoliv do Brasil Ltda. Taubate
(Sao Paulo)
A 100
Canada VOA Canada,Inc. Collingwood A 100
Canada Autoliv Canada, Inc. Tilbury A 100 Textiles
Canada Autoliv Electronics Canada Markham (ON) A 100
Mexico Autoliv Mexico SA de CV Lerma A 100
Mexico Autoliv Matamoros Mexico Matamoro A Steering wheels
Mexico Autoliv Mexico Textile Queremtaro A Airbag cushions
Mexico Autoliv Steering Wheels Mexico Queretaro A Airbags
Mexico Autoliv Safety Technologies de Mexico SA de CV Tijuana A 100
USA Autoliv Promontory Utah
USA Autoliv Tremonton Utah
USA Autoliv Brigham City Utah Inflators
USA Autoliv Ogden
Technical Center
Utah R Head office,
technical center
Europe
Estonia Norma AS Tallinn A 51 AutoVaz, GAZ, GM, Autoliv companies Seatbelts,
seatbelt parts
France Autoliv France SNC Gournay-en-Bray RA 100 BMW, Citroen, Ford, Juguar, Nissan, Opel, Peugeot, Renault, Rover, Toyota, Samsung, Saab, Volvo, Autoliv companies Airbags, seatbelts
France Livbag SA Pont-de-Buis RA 100
France Autoliv Isodelta SAS Chire-en-Montreuil A 100
France Autoliv Electronics SAS Rouen St Etienne du Rouvray A 100
France Autoliv Electronics SAS Cergy Cergy-Pontoise A 100
France N.C.S. Survilliers A 100
Germany Autoliv B.V. & Co. KG,
Werk Nord
Elmshorn AR 100 Audi, Bentley, BMW, Daimler, Ford, GM/Opel, Grammer, Intier, ISRI, Jaguar, JCI, Karmann, Lamborghini, Lear, MAN, Mazda,
Mitsubishi Motors, Porsche, Seat, Skoda, Volkswagen, Autoliv companies
Seatbelts
Germany Autoliv B.V. & Co. KG,
Werk Sud
Dachau RA 100 Airbags
Germany Autoliv B.V. & Co. KG,
Braunschweig
Braunschweig A 100 Airbags
Germany Autoliv Sicherheitstechnik GmbH,
Werk Ost
Doebeln A 100
Hungary Autoliv Kft Sopronkovesd A 100 Audi, BMW, Daimler, Faurecia, Fiat, GM, Grammer, JCI, ISRI, Lamborghini, Lear, Magna, MAN, Mitsubishi Motors, Porsche, Skoda, Steyr, Suzuki, Volkswagen, Autoliv companies Seat belts
Netherlands Van Oerle Alberton B.V. Boxtel A 100
Poland Autoliv Poland Sp zo.o. Olawa A 100
Poland Autoliv Poland Restraint System Jelcz-Laskowice A 100
Romania Autoliv Romania S. A. Timis A 100
Romania Autoliv Romania S.r.l. Brasvo
Czech
Republic
Autoliv B.V. & Co. KG Organiza cni Slozka
Spain Autoliv KLE S.A. Barcelona A 100
Spain Autoliv BKI S.A. Valencia A 100
Sweden Autoliv Research Vargarda R 100
Sweden Autoliv Sverige AB Vargarda A 100
Sweden Autoliv Electronics Sweden Motala A 100
Sweden Autoliv Electronics Linkoping Linkopin
Sweden Autoliv Inc. Stockholm Global head office
Turkey Autoliv Metal Pres Sanayi Yi Ve Ticaret A.S. Gebze-Kocaeli A 100
UK Airbags International Ltd Congleton A 100
Russia Autoliv Russia OOO Leningrad
Russia OOO Autoliv Filial Tolyatti Somara
Africa
South Africa Autoliv Southern Africa (Pty) Ltd. Gauteng A 100 BMW, Ford, GM, Mazda, Nissan, Toyota, Volkswagen Airbags,
seat belts,
steering wheels
ZF-TRW (USA)
Asia Oceania
China Shanghai TRW Automotive Safety Systems Co.,Ltd. Shanghai A 50 Shanghai Automotive Industry Corporation (Group) 50
China TRW Automotive Components (Shanghai) Co.,Ltd. Shanghai A 100
China TRW Automotive Research and Development (Shanghai) Co., Ltd. Shanghai R 100
India Rane TRW Steering Systems Limited Singaperumalkoil
(Chennai)
A 50 Rane group 50
India TRW Sun Steering Wheels Pvt. Ltd. Haryana A
India TRW Sun Steering Wheels Pvt. Ltd. Maharashtra A
Japan TRW Automotive Japan Co,. Ltd.
Technical Center
Yokohama
(Kanagawa)
R 100
Americas
Brazil TRW Automotive Ltda. Lavras
(Minas Gerais)
A 100
Canada TRW Canada Limited Midland (ON) A 100 Occupant Safety System
Mexico TRW Occupant Restraints de Chihuahua S.A. de C.V. Chihuahua
(Tamaulipas)
A 100
USA TRW Vehicle Safety Systems Inc. Mesa (AZ) A 100
USA TRW Vehicle Safety Systems Inc. Romeo (MI) R 100 Technical center, test center
Europe
Czech
Republic
TRW Carr s.r.o. Stara Boleslav A 100
Germany TRW Automotive Safety Systems GmbH Aschaffenburg A 100
Germany TRW Airbag Systems GmbH Laage A 100
Germany TRW Airbag Systems GmbH Aschau/Inn AR 100
Italy TRW Automotive Italia S.p.A. Bricherasio
(Torino)
100
Poland TRW Polska Sp. Z.o.o. Czestochowa A 100 Airbags
Portugal Safe Bag-Industria de Componentes de Saguranca Automovel SA fornelos A 100
Portugal Safe Life-Industria de Componentes de Saguranca Automovel SA Ponte de Lima A 100
Portugal Dalphi Metal Portugal, S.A. Vilanova de Cerveira R R&D center
Romania TRW Automotive Safety Systems S.R.L. Timisoara (Timis) A 100
Spain Dalphi Metal Espana, S.A. Porrino
(Pontevedra)
A
Spain Dalphi Metal Espana, S.A. Boecillo
(Vallodolid)
R R&D center
Spain Dalphi Metal Sequridad, S.A.
R&D Center
Vigo (Pontevedra) AR
Spain Dalphi Metal Internacional, S.A. Silla (Valencia) A
UK TRW Limited Cirencester
(Gloucestershire)
R 100 Technical center
Romania TRW Airbag Systems S.R.L. Roman A
Africa
South Africa TRW Occupant Restraints South Africa Inc. Dassenberg
(Atlantis)
A 100
Tunisie Dalphi Metal Tunisie S.A.R.L Tunis A
Key Safety Systems (USA)
Asia Oceania
China Key Automotive Accessories Co.,Ltd. Tianjin A 100
China Yanfeng Key (Shanghai) Automotive Safety Systems Co.,Ltd. Shanghai AR 49 Yanfeng Visteon Auto Trim Systems. Co., Ltd. 51 Technical center
China Key (Huzhou) Safety Systems Co., Ltd. Changxing A
India KSS-Abhishek Safety Systems Pvt., Ltd. Manesar (Haryana) A 50 Abhishek Auto Industries Ltd. 50
Japan Key Safety Systems Japan Yokohama R Technical center
Korea Key Safety Systems Korea Ltd. Gyeonggi-do A
Thailand Key Safety Systems Thailand Ltd. Samutprakarn A
Americas
Mexico Key Safety Systems de Mexico, S.A. de C.V. Juarez A 100
Mexico Key Safety Systems de Mexico, S.A. de C.V. Valle Hermoso A 100
USA Key Safety Systems, Inc. Sterling Heights
(MI)
R Headquarters
USA Key Automotive of Florida, Inc. Lakeland (FL) AR 100 Inflator technical center
USA Key Safety Restraint Systems, nc. Knoxville (TN) A 100
USA Key Safety Restraint Systems, Inc. Greenville (AL) A
Europe
Germany Key Safety Systems Deutschland, GmbH Raunheim R 100
Germany Key Safety Systems Deutschland, GmbH Oberpfaffenhofen
Italy Key Safety Systems S.r.l. Colleffero R 100
Italy Key Safety Systems Italia,S.r.l. Tregnago R 100
Italy Key Safety Systems S.r.l. Orbassano R
France Key Safety Systems France EURL (Paris) Jouy en Josas
UK Key Safety Systems UK Limited Carlisle (Cumbria) R 100
Romania Key Safety Systems RO, S.r.l. Curtici R
Romania Key Safety Systems RO, S.r.l. Hunecloara R

Note:
Facilities that make airbags, airbag related products and safety products only.



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