China market 2013: European & Japanese brands contribute to new sales record

New vehicle sales exceed 20 million and set new high at 21.98 million

2014/02/06

Summary


 

Annual change of sales volume by vehicle type in China
 With rapid motorization, vehicle sales in China (*Note 1), especially of passenger cars, are growing amazingly, exceeding two million units in 2000, five million units in 2004 and ten million units in 2009. In 2013, it has achieved 21.98 million units, largely surpassing the 20 million-unit mark. This report compiles 2013 vehicle sales results in China by vehicle type, Chinese OEM group, and by brand and model.



Note 1: All the sales figures in this report are based on the shipment from factories and include exports, but not imports.



Related Reports:
China sales hit record high in first half of 2013 (Aug. 2013)
Chinese OEM sales outlook 2013 (Mar. 2013)




Strong passenger car sales and recovery of commercial vehicles

 New vehicle sales in China exceeded 20 million units for the first time in 2013, posting 21.98 million units. With 2.67 million-unit increase, the year-on-year (y/y) growth rate was 13.9%, the first double-digit y/y growth in three years. (* Note 2)

Note 2:  In 2011, the y/y growth rate was only 2.5% due to decelerating Chinese economy and discontinuation of government subsidies for the purchase of minicars and small passenger cars, which had been effective for about two years up to 2010.
 In 2012, the y/y growth rate was 4.3%, posting another low rate for the second year, affected by weak sales of Japanese vehicles as a result of anti-Japan demonstrations started around September 2012.


 By vehicle type, passenger car sales increased by 2.43 million units, up 15.7% y/y, which largely contributed to the growth of the industry sales. Most notably, Sports Utility Vehicle (SUV) posted an increase of 990,000 units, up 49.4% y/y. Sedans and hatchbacks steadily increased sales as well by 1.27 million units, up 11.8% y/y. Minivan sales dropped by 630,000 units y/y. This is, however, due to the new classification in vehicle types, in which certain types of minivans are categorized as Multi-Purpose Vehicle (MPV). The combined sales of minivans and MPV expanded by 6.6% y/y in 2013.


 Commercial vehicle sales recovered from 5.5% y/y decline in 2012 to 6.4% y/y growth of over 240,000 units in 2013. Year-on-year growth of semi-trailers (73,000 units), heavy-duty trucks (65,000 units) and mini-commercial vehicles (66,000 units of mini trucks and 50,000 units of mini-buses) pushed up the result.


 Automobile exports, which are included in the statistics for vehicle sales in China released by China Association of Automobile Manufacturers (CAAM), fell by 79,000 units, down 7.5% y/y. By vehicle type, export of passenger cars and trucks decreased compared to the previous year, while bus export increased by 12.1% y/y. Decreased export of sedans and hatchbacks led to the overall decline in auto exports.


 Sales of new energy vehicles in 2013 expanded by 37.9% y/y to 17,642 units, of which 14,604 units were Electric Vehicle (EV) and 3,038 units were Plug-in Hybrid Vehicle (PHV). Amid concerns about health damage from air pollution, the China government provides subsidies to promote sales of new energy vehicles. The demand, however, has still been sluggish.

2012-2013 new car sales in China by vehicle type (including export)

New car sales  
(Of which) Export volume
Volume
(unit)
YoY Volume
(unit)
YoY
2012 2013 2013 2012 2013 2013
▽Passenger car total 15,495,240 17,928,858 15.7% 661,204 596,286 -9.8%
Sedan and hatchback 10,744,740 12,009,704 11.8% 478,809 396,520 -17.2%
MPV (Note 3) 493,396 1,305,181 164.5% 5,464 6,401 17.1%
SUV 2,000,410 2,988,758 49.4% 129,052 136,382 5.7%
Minivan (Note 3) 2,256,694 1,625,215 -28.0% 47,879 56,983 19.0%
▽Commercial vehicle total 3,811,195 4,055,221 6.4% 394,887 381,006 -3.5%
   (Of which) Chassis 541,563 588,848 8.7% 18,302 23,041 25.9%
Truck
 (Of which) Chassis
3,303,792
459,755
3,496,290
507,012
5.8%
10.3%
339,960
17,581
298,576
22,223
-12.2%
26.4%
Semi-trailer 190,645 263,383 38.2% 27,393 20,861 -23.8%
Heavy-duty truck 445,356 510,721 14.7% 312,567 277,715 -11.2%
Finished vehicle 202,121 219,967 8.8%
chassis 243,235 290,754 19.5%
Medium-duty truck 290,269 286,839 -1.2%
Finished vehicle 184,050 175,897 -4.4%
chassis 106,219 110,942 4.4%
Light-duty truck 1,842,710 1,908,328 3.6%
Finished vehicle 1,733,974 1,803,504 4.0%
chassis 108,736 104,824 -3.6%
Mini truck 534,812 527,019 -1.5%
Finished vehicle 533,247 526,527 -1.3%
chassis 1,565 492 -68.6%
Bus
  (Of which) Chassis
507,403
81,808
558,931
81,836
10.2%
0.0%
54,927
721
61,569
818
12.1%
13.5%
Large-sized bus 79,228 81,680 3.1% 54,927 61,569 12.1%
Finished vehicle 75,174 79,067 5.2%
chassis 4,054 2,613 -35.5%
Medium-sized bus 90,521 89,442 -1.2%
Finished vehicle 70,191 68,713 -2.1%
chassis 20,330 20,729 2.0%
Light-sized bus 337,654 387,809 14.9%
Finished vehicle 280,230 329,315 17.5%
chassis 57,424 58,494 1.9%
Grand total 19,306,435 21,984,079 13.9% 1,056,091 977,292 -7.5%

Note 3: From 2013, some minivan models including the Wuling Hong Guang from SAIC-GM-Wuling Automobile (SGMW) and the Dongfeng Xiaokang Fengguang from Dongfeng Yu'an Automobile are classified as MPV. Statistics for minivans and MPV in 2012, therefore, are based on the former classification and those in 2013 are based on the new classification.

 

 



New-car sales by Chinese OEM group: SAIC Group remains top

 

The same eight groups filled the top eight positions; another one-million unit seller came in to total six groups.

 As for 2013 new vehicle sales in China by Chinese OEM group, the top eight groups in the ranking are the same as the previous year. The leading Shanghai Automotive Industry Corporation (SAIC) sold 5.07 million units (market share: 23.1%), leaving the rest far behind by exceeding the five million unit mark for the first time. The second Dongfeng Motor Corporation excluding Fujian Motor Industry Group sold 3.53 million units (16.1%). Although Dongfeng regained the market share, which it lost in 2012, by 0.2%, the sales are still far less than SAIC, by 7.0% market share or by 1.5 million units. The third FAW Group including FAW Haima sold 2.91 million units (13.2% share). Although it increased sales by 9.9% y/y, the market share declined by 0.5%, which expanded gaps with SAIC as well as with Dongfeng Motor Corporation.


 The fourth Changan Automobile Group sold 2.2 million units (market share: 10.0%). From June 2013 Changhe Automobile left Changan Automobile Group to join Beijing Automotive Group (BAIC). The fifth BAIC Group sold 2.11 million units (9.6% share), boosting the share by 0.9%, which is the largest growth of all the Groups. The sixth Guangzhou Automobile achieved record high sales with one million units (4.6% share), up 41.0% y/y. Strong sales of its own Trumpchi brand models, Guangqi Honda's new Crider, GAC Mitsubishi's ASX SUV and Guangqi Toyota's new Camry contributed to the growth.


 The seventh Brilliance Auto (sales: 778,000 units and market share: 3.5%) and the eighth Great Wall Motor (754,000 units and 3.5% share) greatly increased sales as well, up 21.9% and 20.8% y/y respectively. Geely Holding Group, ranked tenth in 2012, moved up to the ninth. The following Jianghuai Automobile Group (JAC) and BYD Auto improved their rankings to the 10th and the 11th. Chery Automobile, ranked ninth in 2012, fell to the 12th.

 Changan Automotive Group sales recovered in 2013 to 2.2 million units from 1.96 million units of 2012, when sales fell from over two million units. In 2013 five Chinese OEM groups sold more than two million vehicles, while only four groups had done so a year earlier. Guangzhou Automobile was a new member to over-one-million-unit sellers in 2013.

 

Total market share by the top ten OEM groups increased to 88.4%, up 1.4%.

 The total of the market share by the 2013 top ten OEM groups in sales volume expanded to 88.4% from 87.0%, up 1.4% y/y. The total market share by the top 24 OEMs almost reached to 99%. The Chinese government's target of "the total market share of over 90% by top ten OEM groups" announced in January 2013, has not, however, been achieved by a slight margin. Presumably, selection of middle and low ranked groups will continue.

 

Chinese OEM Groups: New vehicle sales volume on a factory shipment basis

OEM Group 2011 2012 2013 (Note 4)
Volume
(unit)
Share Volume
(unit)
Share Volume
(unit)
Share YoY
SAIC Motor Corp. (SAIC) 3,966,003 21.4% 4,461,393 23.1% 5,073,338 23.1% 13.7%
Dongfeng Motor Corp. 3,058,587 16.5% 3,078,494 15.9% 3,534,946 16.1% 14.8%
FAW Group (FAW) 2,605,747 14.1% 2,648,509 13.7% 2,911,071 13.2% 9.9%
Changan Automobile Group (Note 5) 2,008,540 10.9% 1,956,391 10.1% 2,203,307 10.0% 12.6%
BAIC Group (Note 5) 1,526,336 8.2% 1,691,117 8.8% 2,111,115 9.6% 24.8%
Guangzhou Automobile Group 8GAC Group 740,391 4.0% 712,164 3.7% 1,004,203 4.6% 41.0%
Brilliance Auto Group 566,799 3.1% 637,979 3.3% 777,379 3.5% 21.9%
Great Wall Motor 486,811 2.6% 624,602 3.2% 754,242 3.4% 20.8%
Geely Holding Group 432,752 2.3% 491,444 2.5% 549,393 2.5% 11.8%
Jianghuai Automobile Group (JAC) 494,822 2.7% 486,760 2.5% 514,282 2.3% 5.7%
BYD Auto (BYD) 448,807 2.4% 456,318 2.4% 506,624 2.3% 11.0%
Chery Automobile 641,715 3.5% 563,305 2.9% 469,390 2.1% -16.7%
Lifan Industry (Group) 202,144 1.1% 270,303 1.4% 248,288 1.1% -8.1%
Fujian Motor 192,877 1.0% 229,573 1.2% 217,208 1.0% -5.4%
China National Heavy Duty Truck Group 159,112 0.86% 137,802 0.71% 165,237 0.75% 19.9%
Zotye Holding Group 134,920 0.73% 122,194 0.63% 134,263 0.61% 9.9%
Shaanxi Automobile Group 118,641 0.64% 94,538 0.49% 104,592 0.48% 10.6%
Qingling Motor Group 94,015 0.51% 88,872 0.46% 87,114 0.40% -2.0%
Youngman Automobile Group 38,578 0.21% 48,829 0.25% 73,129 0.33% 49.8%
Shandong TangJunOuLing Automobile 62,665 0.34% 68,916 0.36% 70,438 0.32% 2.2%
Haima Automobile 70,052 0.38% 44,020 0.23% 67,690 0.31% 53.8%
Zhongxing Automobile 61,773 0.33% 63,231 0.33% 63,659 0.29% 0.7%
Zhengzhou Yutong Group 46,688 0.25% 51,688 0.27% 56,068 0.26% 8.5%
Zhejiang UFO Automobile 44,308 0.24% 45,840 0.24% 42,504 0.19% -7.3%
Dandong Huanghai Automobile 41,845 0.23% 39,680 0.21% 39,987 0.18% 0.8%
Sichuan Hyundai Motor
(former Sichuan Nanjun Automobile)
73,608 0.40% 60,767 0.31% 39,698 0.18% -34.7%
Hawtai Motor Group 19,227 0.10% 34,071 0.18% 28,729 0.13% -15.7%
Chengdu Dayun Automobile Group 21,761 0.12% 20,480 0.11% 26,134 0.12% 27.6%
Anhui Hualing Automobile 25,695 0.14% 15,069 0.08% 23,037 0.10% 52.9%
Baotou Beiben Heavy-duty Truck 40,022 0.22% 24,270 0.13% 18,155 0.08% -25.2%
Hubei Sanhuan Special Vehicle 10,207 0.06% 9,926 0.05% 10,730 0.05% 8.1%
YTO Group 9,999 0.05% 7,965 0.04% 6,665 0.03% -16.3%
others (Note 6) 59,667 0.32% 19,925 0.10% 51,464 0.23% 158.3%
Total 18,505,114 100% 19,306,435 100% 21,984,079 100% 13.9%
Note 4. New vehicle sales include exports, but not imports. Commercial vehicle chassis and semi-trailers are included.
5. Changhe Automobile (Jiangxi Changhe Automobile Co., Ltd.), which has affiliates as Changhe Suzuki Automobile, has been reorganized from the Changan Automobile Group into Beijing Automotive Group (BAIC) since June 2013. So its January-May results are included in Changan Automobile data and June-December results are included in BAIC data.
6. "Other OEMs" of the OEM group column show the total by OEMs that sold less than 6,665 vehicles in 2013.

 

 



New passenger car sales by brand: Chinese brands' slump

 

Growth rates in passenger car sales

Marketshare of passenger car by brand in China
 Sales of new passenger cars in 2013 increased by approx. 2.43 million units, up 15.7% y/y. This growth rate is 8.6% larger than the previous year's. The year-on-year growth rates are 20.4% for the European brands, 22.7% for the U.S. brands, 16.8% for the Japanese brands and 17.7% for the Korean brands. Although the Chinese own brands expanded sales by 10.2%, the market share dropped as they did not catch up with the growth of the entire market.


 Most notably, the Japanese brands recovered sales to 3.07 million units, up 16.8%. It is 24 percentage points larger than the negative growth of minus 7.2% in 2012, when anti-Japan demonstrations had affected sales to a large drop. Honda and Nissan posted brisk sales, up 24.4% and 19.6% y/y respectively, while Toyota's growth rate was with 15.0%, a little below the market growth.


 As for European brands, BMW, Daimler and PSA maintained favorable sales with respective growth rates of 40.8%, 25.8% and 25.6%. VW Group, which has the largest market share of all the foreign OEM groups, produced a strong result with 16.4% growth.


 As for U.S. brands, GM resulted in 11.5% growth rate, less than the market-wide growth. Ford, on the other hand, achieved an astounding y/y increase of 62.2% with brisk sales of the new EcoSport, Kuga and the new flagship Focus.

 

Declining shares of Chinese brands in passenger car market

 In the Chinese passenger car market, European, U.S., Japanese and Korean brands all increased shares. (For details, please refer to the chart below.) The Chinese brands, on the contrary, lost the share for the first time to 40.3% in 2012 from 41.6% of the previous year, and further down to 38.4% in 2013 by a wide margin of 1.9 percentage points. Supposedly, the drop is because leading Chinese OEMs are falling behind in development of their own brand models/advanced equipments' technologies and also sales of medium-level independent Chinese OEMs are sluggish.

 

New passenger car sales by brand (foreign and local brands)

Brand, Carmaker 2011 2012 2013
Volume
(unit)
Share Volume
(unit)
Share Volume
(unit)
Share YoY
▽European brand total 2,839,272 19.6% 3,361,590 21.7% 4,046,909 22.6% 20.4%
VW Group 2,200,715 15.2% 2,608,896 16.8% 3,037,895 16.9% 16.4%
VW 1,723,006 11.9% 2,050,193 13.2% 2,395,695 13.4% 16.9%
Audi 257,700 1.8% 328,700 2.1% 411,000 2.3% 25.0%
Skoda 220,009 1.5% 230,003 1.5% 231,200 1.3% 0.5%
PSA 404,139 2.8% 440,028 2.8% 552,559 3.1% 25.6%
Citroen 230,002 1.6% 223,801 1.4% 282,553 1.6% 26.3%
Peugeot 174,137 1.2% 216,227 1.4% 270,006 1.5% 24.9%
BMW Group (only BMW brand) 95,444 0.7% 147,374 1.0% 207,430 1.2% 40.8%
Daimler Group 88,755 0.6% 101,130 0.7% 127,207 0.7% 25.8%
Mercedes-Benz 88,755 0.6% 101,130 0.7% 127,207 0.7% 25.8%
Lotus 35,335 0.2% 45,421 0.3% 69,708 0.4% 53.5%
Fiat - - 11,288 0.1% 48,375 0.3% 328.6%
Volvo Cars (Note 7) 14,884 0.1% 7,453 0.0% 3,735 0.0% -49.9%
▽USA brand total 1,598,685 11.0% 1,892,391 12.2% 2,322,031 13.0% 22.7%
GM 1,277,697 8.8% 1,473,840 9.5% 1,643,058 9.2% 11.5%
Buick 639,728 4.4% 697,441 4.5% 807,769 4.5% 15.8%
Cadillac 7,008 0.0% 7,007 0.0% 20,116 0.1% 187.1%
Chevrolet 609,107 4.2% 689,069 4.4% 714,673 4.0% 3.7%
Baojun 21,854 0.2% 80,323 0.5% 100,500 0.6% 25.1%
Ford (only Ford brand) 320,657 2.2% 418,501 2.7% 678,951 3.8% 62.2%
Chrysler LLC 331 0.0% 50 0.0% 22 0.0% -56.0%
Chrysler 321 0.0% 50 0.0% 22 0.0% -56.0%
Dodge 10 0.0% - - - - -
▽Japanese brand 2,831,218 19.6% 2,625,960 16.9% 3,067,404 17.1% 16.8%
Toyota (only Toyota brand) 806,345 5.6% 746,607 4.8% 858,868 4.8% 15.0%
Nissan 832,193 5.8% 793,314 5.1% 948,488 5.3% 19.6%
Nissan 832,193 5.8% 751,509 4.8% 842,847 4.7% 12.2%
Venucia - - 41,805 0.3% 105,641 0.6% 152.7%
Honda 642,011 4.4% 627,610 4.1% 780,986 4.4% 24.4%
Honda 617,315 4.3% 588,945 3.8% 751,986 4.2% 27.7%
Everus 24,696 0.2% 24,576 0.2% 13,913 0.1% -43.4%
The joint brand of Dongfeng Honda
Note: The first model is Ciimo.
- - 14,089 0.1% 15,087 0.1% 7.1%
Mazda (only Mazda brand) 211,603 1.5% 172,732 1.1% 184,298 1.0% 6.7%
Suzuki 297,135 2.1% 253,471 1.6% 231,417 1.3% -8.7%
Suzuki and the joint brand
of Changhe Suzuki
297,135 2.1% 253,471 1.6% 231,417 1.3% -8.7%
Mitsubishi Motors (only Mitsubishi brand) 41,931 0.3% 32,226 0.2% 63,347 0.4% 96.6%
▽Korean brand 1,172,318 8.1% 1,340,038 8.6% 1,577,574 8.8% 17.7%
Hyundai-Kia Group 1,172,318 8.1% 1,340,038 8.6% 1,577,574 8.8% 17.7%
Kia 432,518 3.0% 480,443 3.1% 546,766 3.0% 13.8%
Hyundai 739,800 5.1% 859,595 5.5% 1,030,708 5.7% 19.9%
Shouwang (The joint brand
of Beijing Hyundai Motor)
- - - - 100 0.0% -
▽Taiwan brand 7,058 0.0% 31,106 0.2% 31,266 0.2% 0.5%
Yulon Motor (Luxgen brand) 7,058 0.0% 31,106 0.2% 31,266 0.2% 0.5%
▽Chinese brand 6,023,865 41.6% 6,244,155 40.3% 6,883,674 38.4% 10.2%
SAIC 1,287,931 8.9% 1,412,595 9.1% 1,555,195 8.7% 10.1%
Wuling 1,125,770 7.8% 1,212,277 7.8% 1,325,066 7.4% 9.3%
Roewe 112,639 0.8% 122,544 0.8% 152,042 0.8% 24.1%
MG 49,522 0.3% 77,774 0.5% 78,087 0.4% 0.4%
Dongfeng Motor Corp. 397,663 2.7% 428,169 2.8% 503,566 2.8% 17.6%
Fengshen 26,028 0.2% 60,201 0.4% 80,077 0.4% 33.0%
Future, Fengguang, Fengdu, etc. 371,635 2.6% 367,968 2.4% 423,489 2.4% 15.1%
FAW Group (FAW) 618,822 4.3% 482,960 3.1% 447,691 2.5% -7.3%
Hongqi 2 0.0% 127 0.0% 2,981 0.0% 2247.2%
Besturn 112,816 0.8% 72,452 0.5% 121,254 0.7% 67.4%
Oley - - 6,545 0.0% 6,300 0.0% -3.7%
Xiali 250,153 1.7% 183,976 1.2% 129,392 0.7% -29.7%
FAW (FAW Jilin Automobile) 103,645 0.7% 90,942 0.6% 79,968 0.4% -12.1%
FAW
(FAW-GM, and FAW-GM-Hongta)
174 0.0% 94 0.0% 8 0.0% -91.5%
Haima (FAW Haima Motor) 151,716 1.0% 128,747 0.8% 107,758 0.6% -16.3%
Meiya (Tianqi Meiya Auto) 316 0.0% 77 0.0% 30 0.0% -61.0%
Changan Automobile Group 857,662 5.9% 847,881 5.5% 884,048 4.9% 4.3%
Chana 714,239 4.9% 750,579 4.8% 822,244 4.6% 9.5%
Landwind 14,018 0.1% 12,500 0.1% 21,261 0.1% 70.1%
Hafei 75,782 0.5% 42,507 0.3% 15,288 0.1% -64.0%
Changhe (by May 2013) 42,831 0.3% 30,031 0.2% 10,160 0.1% -66.2%
JMC 10,792 0.1% 12,264 0.1% 15,095 0.1% 23.1%
BAIC Motor Group 29,192 0.2% 84,373 0.5% 230,012 1.3% 172.6%
Foton 8,109 0.1% 7,189 0.0% 8,094 0.0% 12.6%
Senova - - 20,652 0.1% 71,795 0.4% 247.6%
Weiwang 10,016 0.1% 46,368 0.3% 121,642 0.7% 162.3%
Yinxiang - - - - 15,373 0.1% -
Changhe (form/since June 2013) - - - - 4,595 0.0% -
Beijing (Beijing Automobile Works) 11,067 0.1% 10,164 0.1% 8,513 0.0% -16.2%
Guangzhou Automobile Group
(GAC Group)
52,269 0.4% 66,478 0.4% 125,385 0.7% 88.6%
GAC 40,336 0.3% 54,452 0.4% 109,000 0.6% 100.2%
GAC Gonow 11,933 0.1% 12,026 0.1% 16,385 0.1% 36.2%
Brilliance Auto Group 198,687 1.4% 227,606 1.5% 269,274 1.5% 18.3%
Brilliance/Jinbei 134,172 0.9% 166,247 1.1% 213,579 1.2% 28.5%
Jinbei (Mianyang Huarui Automobile) 64,515 0.4% 61,359 0.4% 55,695 0.3% -9.2%
Great Wall Motor 365,075 2.5% 487,370 3.1% 627,434 3.5% 28.7%
Great Wall 200,696 1.4% 206,218 1.3% 210,007 1.2% 1.8%
Haval 164,379 1.1% 281,152 1.8% 417,427 2.3% 48.5%
Chery Automobile 634,311 4.4% 550,203 3.6% 453,918 2.5% -17.5%
Rely 7,518 0.1% 2,727 0.0% 1,614 0.0% -40.8%
Karry 10,445 0.1% 23,312 0.2% 29,828 0.2% 28.0%
Chery 589,814 4.1% 496,128 3.2% 410,361 2.3% -17.3%
Riich 26,534 0.2% 28,036 0.2% 12,115 0.1% -56.8%
Geely Holding Group 432,752 3.0% 491,444 3.2% 549,393 3.1% 11.8%
Englon 941 0.0% 21,090 0.1% 49,796 0.3% 136.1%
Gleagle 916 0.0% 49,820 0.3% 89,158 0.5% 79.0%
Emgrand 113,219 0.8% 160,517 1.0% 203,491 1.1% 26.8%
Geely 317,676 2.2% 260,017 1.7% 206,948 1.2% -20.4%
Jianghuai Automobile (JAC) 217,201 1.5% 202,395 1.3% 203,356 1.1% 0.5%
BYD Auto (BYD) 448,484 3.1% 456,056 2.9% 506,190 2.8% 11.0%
Lifan Industry (Lifan) 122,319 0.8% 182,860 1.2% 172,432 1.0% -5.7%
Fujian Motor (Soueast Motor) 74,233 0.5% 79,083 0.5% 97,629 0.5% 23.5%
Zotye Holding Group (Zotye) 134,920 0.9% 122,194 0.8% 134,263 0.8% 9.9%
Haima (Zhengzhou) Automobile 70,052 0.5% 44,020 0.3% 67,690 0.4% 53.8%
Aerospace Yuantong Automobile 4,956 0.0% 3,885 0.0% 845 0.0% -78.2%
Zhongxing Automobile 12,957 0.1% 4,825 0.0% 2,816 0.0% -41.6%
Hawtai Motor Group 19,227 0.1% 34,071 0.2% 28,729 0.2% -15.7%
Qingling Motors 1,224 0.0% 1,865 0.0% 906 0.0% -51.4%
Sichuan Automobile 10,807 0.1% 7,229 0.1% 4,598 0.0% -36.4%
Dandong Huanghai Automobile 17,278 0.1% 13,010 0.1% 11,734 0.1% -9.8%
Zhejiang Yongyuan Automobile - - 394 0.0% 621 0.0% 57.6%
Zhejiang UFO Automobile 5,834 0.0% 4,657 0.0% 4,483 0.0% -3.7%
Shaanxi Automobile Group 10,009 0.1% 8,532 0.1% 1,466 0.0% -82.8%
Grand total 14,472,416 100% 15,495,240 100% 17,928,858 100% 15.7%

Note 7: The Volvo brand was a part of the Ford Group up to 2010 but belongs to the Geely Holding Group since 2011.

 

 



Top-selling passenger car models by vehicle type: Ford Focus sedan wins

 Passenger cars sold in 2013 in China are listed in the chart below, based on vehicle type, OEM and model.


 In the sedan and hatchback category, Ford's flagship model "the Focus" increased sales tremendously to 400,000 units, up 36.2% y/y, and won the first place. The VW Lavida followed with 370,000 units (up 33.7% y/y) and the GM Excelle ranked the third with 300,000 units (up 6.9% y/y).

 In the SUV category, sales of Great Wall Motor's Haval H6 decreased from 222,000 units of 2012 but maintained its leading position with 218,000 units. The gap with the second place VW Tiguan, whose sales were just shy of 200,000 units, was narrowed and competition has become severer. Honda CR-V was ranked the third with 190,000 units.

 In the MPV category, Dongfeng Liuzhou Motor's Lingzhi won the first position with sales of 110,000 units. While Shanghai GM's Buick GL8 manufactured at the Shenyang plant slipped to the fourth spot from the second, Chinese OEMs' own models came up big and held four of the top five positions. In the minivan category,Chinese OMEs' own models dominated the top five-selling positions in 2013 as in 2012.

 

Top selling passenger car models in China by vehicle type (2012/2013)

(unit)
▽Sedan and hatchback
Rank 2012 2013
OEM Model Sales volume OEM Model Sales volume
1 Changan Ford Focus 296,360 Changan Ford Focus 403,640
2 Shanghai GM Sail, New Sail 279,742 Shanghai VW Lavida 374,056
3 Shanghai GM Excelle 277,071 Shanghai GM Excelle 296,183
4 Tianjin FAW Toyota Corolla/New Corolla 276,418 Tianjin FAW Toyota Corolla/New Corolla 294,401
5 Shanghai VW Lavida 246,687 Shanghai GM Sail, New Sail 276,242
6 FAW-VW Jetta 242,528 FAW-VW Sagitar 271,188
7 Shanghai GM Cruze 232,592 FAW-VW Jetta 263,408
8 FAW-VW New Bora 222,735 Dongfeng Nissan Passenger Vehicle Bluebird Sylphy/
New Sylphy
259,545
9 Beijing Hyundai Motor Elantra Yuedong 214,753 Shanghai GM Cruze 246,890
10 Shanghai VW New Passat 210,567 Beijing Hyundai Motor Elantra 240,702
▽SUV
Rank 2012 2013
OEM Model Sales volume OEM Model Sales volume
1 Great Wall Motor Haval H6 221,549 Great Wall Motor Haval H6 217,842
2 Shanghai VW Tiguan 173,062 Shanghai VW Tiguan 199,782
3 Dongfeng Honda CR-V 169,036 Dongfeng Honda CR-V 189,972
4 Beijing Hyundai Motor ix35 108,241 Beijing Hyundai Motor ix35 156,876
5 Dongfeng Nissan Passenger Vehicle Qashqai 105,143 Great Wall Motor Hover M 137,665
6 Chery Automobile Tiggo 104,013 Dongfeng Nissan Passenger Vehicle Qashqai 124,589
7 Tianjin FAW Toyota RAV4 98,179 Tianjin FAW Toyota RAV4 117,800
8 FAW-VW Audi Q5 90,157 FAW-VW Audi Q5 102,121
9 BYD Auto BYD S6 86,851 Changan Ford Kuga 95,891
10 Dongfeng-Yueda-Kia Sportage R 75,964 Guangzhou Automobile Group Highlander 95,216
▽MPV
Rank 2012 2013
OEM Model Sales volume OEM Model Sales volume
1 Dongfeng Liuzhou Motor Lingzhi 72,723 Dongfeng Liuzhou Motor Lingzhi 110,112
2 Shanghai GM Buick GL8/
New Buick GL8
64,001 Changan Automobile Honor 106,061
3 Dongfeng Liuzhou Motor Jingyi 63,778 Jianghuai Automobile Refine 85,007
4 Jianghuai Automobile Refine 53,988 Shanghai GM Buick GL8/
New Buick GL8
70,191
5 FAW Jilin Xenia 41,270 Dongfeng Liuzhou Motor Jingyi 70,077
▽Minivan
Rank 2012 2013
OEM Model Sales volume OEM Model Sales volume
1 SAIC-GM-Wuling Automobile Wuling Sunshine 523,841 SAIC-GM-Wuling Automobile Wuling Hongguang 530,050
2 SAIC-GM-Wuling Automobile Wuling Rongguang 372,099 SAIC-GM-Wuling Automobile Wuling Sunshine 455,718
3 SAIC-GM-Wuling Automobile Wuling Hongguang 316,237 SAIC-GM-Wuling Automobile Wuling Rongguang 339,295
4 Dongfeng Yu'an Vehicle Dongfeng Xiaokang 202,991 Dongfeng Yu'an Vehicle Dongfeng Xiaokang 205,019
5 Changan Automobile Changan Star 198,398 Changan Automobile Changan Star 2 129,415

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