Analysis Report: Seats (E.U. and U.S. Markets)

Major supplier trends

2019/04/10

List of suppliers

Adient (former Johnson Controls) Lear Faurecia Magna International

Refer to the (Japanese) report



I. Introduction

This article focuses on the finished seat assembly (Assy) as well as its main components such as the seat frame, adjuster, recliner, and seat upholstery.

This report addresses models currently manufactured in Europe and the Americas (including some models that had been manufactured). Section IV provides a list of suppliers for Seat Assy and seat components by supplier, OEM, and model to give the reader a better understanding of the supply chain. Parts suppliers are included in some cases where the assembler is unknown.



II. Global expansion of major seat suppliers

1) Global status of business, facilities, and development

  • Of the ten largest suppliers, five are based in the E.U and U.S. and five are based in Asia.
  • This article covers four of the E.U. and U.S. suppliers: Faurecia of France, and Adent (formerly Johnson Controls), Lear, and Magna Seating of the U.S. The fifth supplier, Brose, has not been included because the company is not involved in seat assembly.
  • Among the five Asian suppliers, four are Japanese, and covered by the Japan Report. (Toyota Boshoku has business in Europe and the Americas and is the second largest seat supplier in the world; however, they are not included in this report because, as a member of the Toyota Group, most of their product is supplied to Toyota Motor Corporation.)
  • Suppliers are establishing their global manufacturing footprint for Seat Assy and seat-related components, which are a high-volume automotive product line. With the global expansion of the OEMs, suppliers who can satisfy the just-in-time (JIT) delivery requirements are in high demand.
  • U.S.-based Adient (formerly Johnson Controls), Lear, and Magna continue to expand their global presence and improve their production systems.
  • In the past Fauricia of France was primarily focused on the European market, but in the 2012 to 2013 period it aggressively expanded its capital investments globally, establishing a number of production and R&D facilities in the Americas and Asia.
  • As part of the global expansion, suppliers are building relationships with local suppliers, establishing partnerships and joint ventures, to supply product for the Asian markets, especially in Japan, China and Southeast Asia. (Below are examples from Japanese market)
    • Adient: Partnerships with Toyota Boshoku and Tachi-S
    • Lear: Joint ventures with Tachi-S and NHK Spring
    • Faurecia: Joint venture with NHK Spring
    • Magna: Joint venture with Namba Press Works
  • Major seat suppliers were actively making acquisitions of seat and seat component businesses until the beginning of 2012, but since 2013 that activity has slowed down. However, between 2015 and 2016 the seating division of Adient (formerly Johnson Controls) of the U.S., once the largest seating supplier in the world, underwent a major transformation.
    • It transferred its interior parts division, excluding seats (highly competitive, low profit margins) to its joint venture company in China
    • It spun off its seat division to form a new company, Adient, for the purpose of increasing its cash reserves.
    • Since the divestiture of Adient, Johnson Controls has increased its focus on its power solutions and building systems divisions.
Production/R&D Facilities
Adient Lear Faurecia Magna
International
Asia/Pacific
China Production Facility
R&D Facility
Production Facility Production Facility Production Facility
R&D Facility
India Production Facility
R&D Facility
Production Facility Production Facility Production Facility
R&D Facility
Japan Production Facility
R&D Facility
Production Facility
Korea Production Facility
R&D Facility
Production Facility Production Facility Production Facility
Malaysia Production Facility
Thailand Production Facility Production Facility Production Facility Production Facility
Vietnam Production Facility Production Facility
Americas
Argentina Production Facility Production Facility Production Facility
Brazil Production Facility Production Facility Production Facility
R&D Facility
Canada Production Facility Production Facility Production Facility
Mexico Production Facility Production Facility Production Facility
U.S. Production Facility
R&D Facility
Production Facility Production Facility Production Facility
R&D Facility
E.U.
Austria Production Facility Production Facility Production Facility
Belgium Production Facility Production Facility Production Facility
Czech Republic Production Facility Production Facility Production Facility Production Facility
France Production Facility Production Facility Production Facility Production Facility
Germany Production Facility
R&D Facility
Production Facility Production Facility
R&D Facility
Hungary Production Facility Production Facility Production Facility
Italy Production Facility Production Facility Production Facility
The Netherlands Production Facility
Macedonia Production Facility Production Facility
Poland Production Facility Production Facility Production Facility
Portugal Production Facility
Romania Production Facility Production Facility Production Facility Production Facility
Russia Production Facility Production Facility Production Facility
Serbia Production Facility Production Facility
Slovakia Production Facility
R&D Facility
Production Facility Production Facility
Slovenia Production Facility
Spain Production Facility Production Facility Production Facility Production Facility
Sweden Production Facility Production Facility
Turkey Production Facility Production Facility
U.K. Production Facility Production Facility Production Facility Production Facility
Africa
South Africa Production Facility Production Facility
Morocco Production Facility

Note: The above table captures only seats and seat-related parts. However, some of the data for Adient includes production facilities for interior parts (e.g. dashboard, door panel, console).

Adient plc (formerly Johnson Controls)

Business overview

  • Adient plc was formed on October 31, 2016 by the spin-off of the seating and interior parts division of Johnson Controls and its listing on the New York Stock Exchange.
  • Adient is ranked as the 12th largest supplier in the world (FY 2017) after being spun off from Johnson Controls where it was ranked as the world's seventh largest supplier (FY 2017). Currently Adient is the world's largest supplier of seats, with seat business revenues of USD 15,704 billion as of September 2016. (Quarter ended September, 2018)
  • As the largest supplier of automotive seats, in 2017 Adient’s share of the global market was 32%.
  • The company’s market share in a number of component areas and seat frames has been approximated as follows. (According to Adient)
    • Front seat frame: 30%
    • Rear seat frame: 20%
    • Tracks: 28%
    • Recliner: 34%
    • Height adjuster: 18%
    • Latches: 14%
  • As of September 2018, the company employs around 85,000 people and owned 234 production and assembly facilities in 34 countries around the world. In China, its 17 local joint ventures operate a total of 60 seat manufacturing plants in 32 cities.
  • A U.S. company, Adient is also a global company and the key customers of its seating business are the major OEMs of Europe, the U.S., and Japan.
  • To maintain its top position in the global seating market, Adient's business strategy has been to expand its scale by investing in more than USD 1 billion in acquisitions since 2011. The new business entity Adient was established by its spin-off from Johnson Controls, who did so to increase its cash reserves.
    • Sold its HomeLink business to Gentex in September 2013.
    • Sold its business lines such as body electronics and infotainment to Visteon in July 2014.
    • In July 2015, it transferred management responsibility for its interior parts business, excluding seating, to the subsidiary Yongfeng Automotive Trim Systems of its joint venture partner Yanfeng Automotive Interiors Co., Ltd. located in Shanghai, China.
    • In October 2016, the new company "Adient", responsible for the former JCI seating business, was established and listed on the New York Stock Exchange.
  • In September 2017, Adient announced that it had signed a definitive agreement to acquire Futuris (Futuris Automotive Group Ltd.), which designs and manufactures seats and interior systems. The acquisition was valued at approximately USD 360 million, including the assumption of approximately USD 18 million of net debt. The Futuris Group has 15 production sites in North America and Asia, manufacturing products such as seating systems, seat frames, headrests, armrests, and seat bolsters. Customers include Tesla, Ford, GM, Geely, Chery, Brilliance and a number of Tier-1 seat suppliers. As a result, the company aims to further expand their top share of the automotive seating market.
  • In September 2017, Adient announced that it had agreed to form a cooperative relationship with Autoliv to develop seating to integrate future car designs and autonomous driving technology. The collaboration will focus on the development of a new far-side seating system that conforms to Euro NCAP standards by integrating the existing Autoliv seat-mounted airbag system into the seating arrangements of the future car. The seating system is scheduled to launch in the second half of 2018.

Production facilities

  • During the 2-year period 2012 to 2013, including its JVs, Adient invested in ten sites that were new plants, expanded plants, or new subsidiaries. The only new site established for its seating business was a polyurethane foam molding plant in Mexico in February 2014.
  • Adient has constructed only one new facility since its spin off in 2016: a plant for manufacturing seat covers in the Strumica R&D zone in Macedonia in June 2017. This facility has a ground area of 12,500 square meters, and supplies product primarily for the E.U. market. Adient initially invested USD 20 million to construct the facility, which is expected to employ 1,300 workers. Further investments into the facility are expected in the near future.
  • China: In September 2013, Adient announced plans to increase the number of production sites of its automotive components division, including seating products, from 57 to 68 sites in the next few years. But, the company will likely reconsider its plans in light of the decision made to transfer management responsibility for interior parts to the joint venture and spin off of Adient to handle the seating business.

R&D facilities

  • There were no significant investments in R&D sites in Europe or the Americas during the 2014 to 2015 period, but one R&D site was established in China, and after Adient became independent in October 2016 a number of new offices opened in the U.S. and China that included R&D personnel.
  • In March 2018, Adient announced the establishment Adient Arvind Automotive Fabrics, a joint venture in India. The JV will be based in Ahmedabad, engaged in the development, manufacturing and sales of automotive fabrics. Adient is the majority stakeholder in the new company with a 50.5% share of the company.
  • China: One new office was opened in Shanghai in January 2017. Located in the center of Shanghai's business district, the office has a staff of approximately 280 persons responsible for headquarter functions such as finance, legal affairs, IT, HR, procurement, quality control, program management, business development, management, and R & D.
  • U.S.: Adient established a West Coast office in San Jose, California in November 2016. The new office will be an R&D site focusing on connected cars and autonomous driving technology for existing and new customers. Approximately 25 employees are engaged in business development, product development and industrial design divisions. Adient plans to increase investment in the site for products and technologies to satisfy future requirements for autonomous driving, vehicle electrification, seat weight reduction, and individualized consumer demand.

New product development

  • In June 2017, the company announced that it had developed removable seat covers to add a level of cleanliness to the car-sharing and ride-sharing markets. With an integrated zipper, Adient's seat covers area easy to remove and clean. Covers are washable and removing the seat cover will not damage the foam in the structure. The foam is protected by a lining underneath the removable covers, eliminating the need to be restored or replaced.
  • In July 2017, the company announced the development of seats for autonomous vehicles, which it exhibited at the Frankfurt Motor Show in September. In addition to providing functionality to improve the comfort of the vehicle's interior, such as swiveled seats that recline far back, it plans to introduce seating designs to reduce the weight of autonomous vehicles.

Lear Corporation

Business overview & Production facilities

  • Lear is ranked as the world's 9th largest automotive components supplier (FY 2017). Second to Adient, also a major U.S.-based supplier, its seating division has sales of USD 15,873 billion. (Toyota Boshoku, who supplies most of its product to Toyota, has been excluded from the data for the fiscal year ended December 2016.)
  • Its business structure is divided between seating and electrical components, with its seating sales continuing to contribute y/y approximately 77% of total revenue (for the period ending December 2017), making it one of the largest global suppliers of seat assembly.
  • Major customers of its seating division include GM, Ford, BMW, FCA, and VW, giving it a strong market position with both U.S. and German automakers.
  • Since 2015, Lear has been aggressively making capital investments in the manufacturing footprint of its seating business, launching 2 new plants with plans to establish four new plants in the future.
  • In August 2018, Lear celebrated the inauguration of its new 156,000 square foot manufacturing plant in Flint, Michigan that it built with an investment amount of USD 29 million, and announced that limited production began in July, 2018. Its workforce of 165 employees will increase to more than 600 employees by spring 2019, producing seats for GM.
  • In March 2018, the company announced that it had expanded its plant for the manufacturing of automotive seat structures in Valenca, Portugal. Lear extended its production space by more than 11,000 square meters and office space by 1,200 square meters, resulting in total area for production of more than 20,600 square meters and total office space of 2,000 square meters. Lear Valenca produces seating components and structural chassis components and performs welding, painting and assembly for major European automotive manufacturers and produces seats for Lear's just-in-time assembly plant in Vigo, Spain.
  • [Launch] Mexico: In May 2017, Lear opened its 45th factory, Lear Mexican Trim Operations, to produce seat covers in the city of Calera in Zacatecas, Mexico. Lear invested USD 21 million to build the facility, which initially employed 1,300 persons, with plans to invest an additional USD 9.5 million to expand the facility and hire an additional 600 employees in 2018. By the end of 2017 Lear expects its total number of employees in Mexico to reach 56,000 persons.
  • Acquisition: In May 2017, Lear completed the acquisition of the automotive seat business of Grupo Antolin, headquartered in France, for EUR 286 million. Grupo Antolin's seat business sales revenue is approximately EUR 300 million per year, with 12 production sites and 2 R&D centers in 5 countries in Europe and North Africa, and 2,273 employees.

R&D facilities

  • Lear has 36 administrative, liaison and technical support centers worldwide (as of December 2017), with many of their R&D facilities located in Europe and Asia.
  • The core R&D center of Lear is its Global Innovation Technology Center in Southfield, Michigan, USA, but the company has Advanced Technology Centers in six other locations around the world.
  • In 2016 Lear opened its new Innovation Design Center in Detroit, Michigan involved in the research and development of new products and technologies for the next generation of automotive seating and vehicle interiors.
  • China: In 2017 Lear hosted a groundbreaking ceremony for its future Asia-Pacific headquarters and technical center located in the Yangpu District of Shanghai. The 28,000 square meter complex will be headquarters to its regional administrative organization, as well as its product research and development center, engineering and test center, and Asia innovation workshop, among other functions. Using the latest equipment, the center will develop smart seats, EV/PHV products, and electrical distribution systems for automotive seating and other electronic components. The center will also be involved in the development of technologies such as complex gateway modules and the latest connected car system technologies.

Faurecia S.A.

Business overview

  • Faurecia is ranked as the world's 8th largest automotive components supplier (FY 2017) with seat assembly sales of EUR 7.132 billion. The operational scale in seating places this French company just behind that of Lear (as of fiscal year ending December 2016).
  • In descending order of revenue, its businesses include exhaust control, seats, interior parts, and exterior parts.
  • Inclusive of parts, the seat business contributes to 35% of its total sales revenue (as of fiscal year ending December 2016). Although total company sales are higher than that of Lear, the size of its seating business is considerably smaller (Lear's seat business contributes to 77% of sales).
  • At the component level it is the top supplier of front seat frames and mechanisms, far ahead of its competitors Johnson Controls (JCI), Lear, and Toyota Boshoku.
  • As the company is based in France, it holds a strong position vis-à-vis the French and German OEMs such as PSA, Renault, and VW/Audi. However, the company has also started to gain a foothold in the Chinese, Indian, and other Asian markets through the establishment of local production and R&D facilities. Business opportunities with Renault's alliance partner Nissan are particularly promising.
  • New product development: Faurecia continues to aggressively focus on the development of lightweight and smart seats.
  • Faurecia announced at the CES 2018, the world's largest consumer electronics trade show in Las Vegas, that it will unveil innovations that enable a more personalized and secure experience with a versatile and connected cockpit of the future. The company also unveiled digital services for wellness and health maintenance and better solutions for smart and clean cities.
    • The company developed lightweight back panels for front seats using its Cover Carving Technology system.
    • The company developed a one-touch system, for automatically folding away the second and third row seats, which was unveiled at the Paris Motor Show in 2014 and adopted for the Renault Espace.
    • Weight reduction: The company adopted a magnesium alloy composite metal material (about 25% lighter than steel) that was jointly developed with FAW Foundry in China.
    • The company exhibited its SmartFit concept seating system that uses GPS to read the road and driving conditions, optimizing the adjustment position and comfort pressure settings of the seat to suit the driver.
    • At the 2017 International Motor Show (IAA • Frankfurt, Germany) in May 2017 the company announced it had partnered with ZF of Germany to develop a concept seat to support the transition from driver-assistance to autonomous driving technologies. The seat developed is flexible, comfortable and safe and was exhibited at the booths of both ZF and Faurecia.

Production facilities

  • Investment for 2013 to 2015 was mostly focused on Asia, with new plants being constructed in China, India, Indonesia, and Korea. However, in the third quarter of 2014 the company built two new plants, one each in Mexico and the U.S. to supply OEMs in North America.
    • China: At the end of 2013 the company opened a new plant in Hubei Province to supply seat frames and seat assembly to DPCA (Dongfeng Motor)
    • India: At the end of 2013 the company launched a new plant near Chennai to supply seats to Nissan in cooperation with its joint venture partners NHK Spring and the Krishna Group of India.
    • Indonesia: The company opened a plant in the province of Java through its joint venture with NHK Spring and started supplying seats to Nissan in the spring of 2014.
    • Korea: In 2015 the company established a plant in Yeongchon to supply seat frames to Hyundai, Renault Samsung Motors, GM Korea, and other automakers.
    • Mexico: Opened a plant for the production of front and rear seat sets in Huejotzingo, Puebla in 2015 to supply Nissan Mexico.
    • US: Opened a plant in December 2014 in Wentzville, Missouri to supply seats for GM pickup trucks.
  • Morocco: Until very recently all new plants built in Morocco were for exhaust control components, but the company opened a seat plant in the city of Sale, Morocco in July 2017. The investment amount was MAD 170 million, and the plant area is 12,800 square meters with 1,300 employees. In the future there are plans to add 500 new employees. The daily production capacity of the Sala plant is around 10,000 pieces of leather and fabric seat covers, most of which are supplied for the Peugeot 3008 and 5008 models.
  • As for further large investments into production facilities, the company announced in November 2014 its mid-term plans to raise Chinese sales above EUR 4 billion (double 2014 figures) by 2018. To meet the target the company is increasing the number of its plants that manufacture exhaust systems and seats from 38 to 55, and increasing the number of engineers from 800 to 1,200.
    • In July 2017 Faurecia announced that it had established a joint venture with Liuzhou Wuling Industry Co., Ltd. named Faurecia Liuzhou Automotive Seating Co., Ltd. The joint venture is capitalized at CNY 150 million, with both partners of the 50:50 joint venture contributing CNY 75 million. The JV will manufacture and sell complete seats, frames and other seat components primarily to SGM Wuling from its three existing plants and one additional plant to be built. Annual sales are expected to reach CNY 1.8 billion by 2022.
    • In October 2017, announced the establishment of a joint venture with BYD Motor named Shenzhen Faurecia Automotive Parts Co., Ltd. (70% Faurecia, 30% BYD). The joint venture will offer advanced seating solutions for the OEM brands of BYD. The joint venture's sales are expected to reach CNY 2.4 billion by 2020. Faurecia is likely wanting to enter the new energy vehicle (NEV) market through its partnership with BYD.

R&D facilities

  • New facilities were opened during 2012-2017 in France, China, Mexico, and Japan.
  • France: The Brieres-les-Scelles technology center for CoverTech (an automobile seat cover technology), came on stream in December 2015. CoverTech represents a new area of development for the processes and technology related to the design, cutting, sewing, and installation of seat covers.
  • China: An R&D center focusing on production processes for seat assembly was established within an existing plant in Hubei Province at the end of 2013.
  • Mexico: Opened an R&D center in Mexico City in 2014 to develop seats supplied to OEMs with vehicle assembly plants in Mexico City such as VW, Nissan, and Chrysler.
  • Japan: Established an R&D facility in Kanagawa Prefecture in 2016 to develop product for Nissan Motor Company.

Magna Seating, a division of Magna International Inc.

Business overview

  • Magna International, a global mega supplier of automotive parts from small accessories to power units and full assemblies, is headquartered in Canada. Its seating business is called Magna Seating and located in Novi, Michigan. The company supplies seat assembly, mechanisms, structures, and seat foam to the U.S. Big-3 OEMs on both a Tier-1 and Tier-2 basis.
  • Magna International is a typical example of a large supplier that has undertaken a number of M&A and alliance activities to increase its size, with one recent example being the acquisition of German transmission maker Getrag. Over the past five years Magna Seating has made a few significant acquisitions including Resil Minai of Brazil, Pabsa S.A. of Argentina, and Vogelsitze GmbH of Germany. Also, the company sold its interior parts businesses, excluding seats, to Grupo Antolin of Spain in 2015.
  • Magna International is the third largest automotive components supplier in the world (FY 2017) and the largest supplier with a seating division. However, the size of Magna Seating is relatively small compared to the overall size of Magna International. The annual sales revenue of Magna Seating is USD 5.203 billion (as of December, 2017), with a total market share of 13%. Although the company supplies all of the Detroit Big-3 automakers in the U.S., it has been unable to penetrate the European market and has been slow to enter the China market (supplying only Chrysler, Ford, and Volvo). This may be the reason it is not a major player in the seating industry.
  • In March 2017 the company announced that in cooperation with Ford it had developed a carbon fiber sub-frame prototype that is 34% lighter than conventional pressed steel frames. As a result, the total number of parts was reduced by 87% compared to the previous version, with 45 steel parts being reduced to six (four metal and two molded parts). Ford is currently testing the new product.

Production facilities

  • Including parts and joint venture plants, Magna Seating owns 48 production facilities worldwide (19 in North America, 6 in South America, 15 in Europe, 8 in Asia). Although a global company, it has been slow to move into the Asian markets. However, between the third quarter of 2015 and first quarter of 2016, it opened four new facilities (two each in China and India), adding to the three existing plants that primarily supply Chrysler in China. The new facilities will supply product for the Volvo brand under the Geely Group and to Changan Ford. The next challenge for the company will be to strategize on how to acquire China business with the Chinese affiliates of its longstanding U.S. seating customer GM.
    • China: In April 2017, the company announced the establishment of a joint venture with Avic Hubei Aviation Precision Machinery Technology Co., Ltd. (HAPM), a subsidiary of AVIC Electromechanical Systems Co., Ltd. (AVICEM). The acquisition was scheduled to be completed in the fourth quarter of 2017. HAPM is a supplier of automobile seat mechanisms and structural parts founded in 1995, headquartered in Xiangyang City, where it is involved in the design, development, and manufacture of seat products. The company is expanding its business overseas as well as within China.
  • Magna Seating's competitive advantage stem largely from its streamlined interior and exterior parts production system as well as its advanced research and development capabilities regarding materials and processing technologies inherited from its parent Magna International.
  • The company opened a fourth seat plant in Spartanburg, South Carolina to provide seats for the BMW group. The plant came on stream in June 2017 and is expected to employ 480 staff by 2020.

R&D facilities

  • Magna has five R&D facilities, one in each of the U.S., Brazil, Germany, China, and India.

Brose Fahrzeugteile GmbH & Co. KG

  • Brose mainly handles interior parts, electrical components, and electronic parts, and is ranked around tenth in the global seating industry.
  • Brose products are not limited to just full seat assembly, but also adjusters, recliners, and sub-assembly for seat systems. As a result, Brose supplies seat components to other major seat suppliers such as Johnson Controls, Lear, and Faurecia as well as directly to OEMs.
  • In January 2019, the media reported that Brose Canada, its local subsidiary in Canada, will cut 100 jobs by the end of 2019 at its London Plant in Ontario to adjust production volumes due to shifting customer demand. The 30,000 square foot plant employs more than 600 people, supplying window systems, seat adjusters and other seat components to VW, Ford, Subaru, Mercedes-Benz, and FCA.
  • In December 2018, the company announced that it will establish a 50:50 joint venture with AUNDE to manufacture passenger car seats. The new company will start operations at the beginning of 2019, and be made independent to expand in the international market, establishing manufacturing sites to support customer projects accordingly. The new company will develop new products using Brose’s know-how in adjustable seat structure and electronics, and AUNDE’s experience as a supplier of seats for commercial vehicle application in areas such as assembly and logistics, and its expertise in foam materials, covers, and trim parts.
  • Brose announced that it will invest approximately EUR 1.5 billion 2019 to 2021. The company plans to establish a production base in China, expand Coburg's headquarters in Germany, and its factories in Bamberg and Wurzburg, and start the 2nd phase of construction at its Prievidza Plant in Slovakia, activities that are focused on securing its future profitability, digitization and product innovation. Brose also expects to create new jobs related to product development, electronics, sensor technology and information technology in Germany, the Americas and Asia.

2) Diagram of major alliances and joint ventures






III. List of major seat suppliers by OEM (E.U. and U.S. production)

◎: Top Supplier / ○: Supplier
[E.U.] Adient
(former Johnson Controls)
Lear Faurecia Magna Toyota Boshoku TS Tech Tachi-S / INSA Sitech Hyundai Dymos Recaro Sabelt
Abarth
Alfa Romeo
Aston Martin
Audi
BMW
Citroen
Daimler
Fiat
Ford
Honda
Hyundai
Land Rover
Nissan
Opel/Vauxhall
Peugeot
Porsche
Renault
Seat
Skoda
Toyota
VW
Volvo

◎: Top supplier / ○: Supplier
[U.S.] Adient
(former Johnson Controls)
Lear Faurecia Magna Toyota Boshoku TS Tech Tachi-S / INSA Setex Sitech Hyundai Dymos Recaro Sabelt
BMW
Chrysler
Citroen
Daimler
Fiat
Ford
GM
Honda
Hyundai
Nissan
Toyota
VW



Adient

  • Adient is the top supplier in the global seating industry, supplying product to major OEMs in all regions.
  • Leveraging its strength with OEMs in the U.S., Adient also has deep relationships and considerable market share with European OEMs such as Fiat and Opel/Vauxhall.
  • The company does not have a disproportionate share of seat business at any OEM, but rather has a stable business with almost all of them. This is perhaps one of the main contributors to Adient's top ranking in the seating industry.
  • One point of differentiation from other suppliers is Adient's Recaro brand for the luxury sports-car seat business. Recaro products are supplied to sports car automakers such as Aston Martin, Lamborghini, Lotus, and Porsche, as well as the high-end sports car models of Audi, Ford, Mercedes-Benz, and Renault.

Lear

  • Similar to Adient, Lear is another U.S.-based global seat supplier that has accelerated its expansion European market, but differs from Adient in that it is weak with the Japanese OEM such as Toyota and Nissan.
  • This report indicates that Lear does not have a major share of any OEM's business, but rather has business spread relatively equal among all of them. Leveraging its U.S. business ties, this report shows a considerable number of GM models equipped with Lear product.

Faurecia

  • Fauricia is slightly behind Adient and Lear in terms of global market share, but still supplies major OEMs in every region.
  • European business contributes to 70-80% of its sales, and the equipment installation data shows that the company is particularly strong at the German and French OEMs. In terms of regional sales for Faurecia, Europe accounts for about 60% and the Americas about 25%.
  • Given Faurecia's investments in production and R&D facilities in Asia over the past several years, it is likely that their proportion of business in the region, primarily with European OEM including their joint ventures, will increase going forwards.

Magna Seating

  • Mainly supplies seat assembly for the U.S. Big-3.
  • In Europe most of its business is with the sub-brands of the major OEMs.
  • Also supplies seat parts, primarily for the U.S. Big-3.

Brose

  • Does not supply full seat assembly, but serves as a Tier 2 supplier of adjusters, recliners, and sub-assembly for Tier 1 suppliers and OEMs.
  • Some of their products appear in the equipment by model list, but most of their products are installed in the full seat systems supplied by other seat manufacturers.

Industria de Asiento Superior (INSA) / Tachi-S

  • Affiliated with TACHI-S and Nissan, this company mainly supplies seats for Nissan in North America. It supplies some seat assembly for small passenger cars and commercial vans such as the Sentra, Tiida, and NV200.
  • The company also supplies product to Japanese OEMs such as Honda and Mitsubishi.

Setex Inc. / Setex Automotive Mexico

  • Setex Inc. is a seat assembly supplier established in St. Marys, Ohio, USA in 1987, and a joint venture between TACHI-S and Adient.
  • Setex Automotive Mexico was established in 2012 and began operations in February 2014.
  • Setex supplies product primarily for Honda's North American and for Nissan vehicles assembled in North America.

Sitech

  • Sitech is a wholly-owned VW subsidiary. With seat assembly plants in Germany and China, its products are installed on some of VW's European models and on the models of VW's Chinese joint ventures.
  • Sitech does not have any plants in South America where VW is strong, and the only parts it supplies are metal components exported from its plant in Poland to VW's assembly plants in Argentina. As a result, VW South America seat assembly business is being captured by Magna and others suppliers.

Grammer / GRA-MAG

  • The company specializes in the supply of seats for commercial vehicles, industrial equipment, and railway vehicles, and seats for Daimler's commercial vehicles in Europe. In the U.S., through its GRA-MAG joint venture with Magna it supplies seats for the Packer Group's Kenworth and Peterbilt brands.


IV. List of components by supplier, OEM, and model (EU/US production )

Europe production models:

Maker Model Model year Supplier Products
Volvo Cars V60 (Belgium) 2018 Adient plc (Formerly Automotive seating business of Johnson Controls Inc.) Seat
Volvo Cars Volvo S90 (Sweden) 2017 Adient plc (Formerly Automotive seating business of Johnson Controls Inc.) Seat assembly
Volvo Cars XC60 2017 Adient plc (Formerly Automotive seating business of Johnson Controls Inc.) Seat
Volvo Cars Volvo XC90 (Sweden) 2015 Progress-Werk Oberkirch AG Seat assembly
Volvo Car Volvo S90 (Sweden) 2016 Adient plc (Formerly Automotive seating business of Johnson Controls Inc.) Seat
Volkswagen Arteon (Germany) 2017 Adient plc (Formerly Automotive seating business of Johnson Controls Inc.) Seat
Volkswagen Polo (Germany) 2017 Faurecia S.A. Seat assembly
Volkswagen T6 2015 Magna International Inc. Seat assembly
smart fortwo electric drive (France) 2016 Adient plc (Formerly Automotive seating business of Johnson Controls Inc.) Seat
Skoda Superb (Czech Republic) 2015 Magna International Inc. Seat assembly
Renault Megane R.S. 273 Trophy 2 (Spain) 2016 RECARO Automotive GmbH & Co. KG Seat
Renault Megane RS 273 Trophy 2 (Spain) 2016 RECARO Automotive GmbH & Co. KG Seat
Renault Captur 2015 Adient plc (Formerly Automotive seating business of Johnson Controls Inc.) Seat assembly
Renault Eolab (concept car) (France) 2015 Faurecia S.A. Seat
Porsche Cayenne (Germany) 2017 Faurecia S.A. Seat
Porsche Boxster (Germany) 2016 Lear Corporation Seat
Porsche Panamera (Germany) 2016 Lear Corporation Seat
Porsche 911 (Germany) 2015 Lear Corporation Seat
Peugeot 508 (France) 2018 Faurecia S.A. Seat assembly
Peugeot 108 (Europe) 2015 Lear Corporation Seat
Opel Crossland X 2017 Adient plc (Formerly Automotive seating business of Johnson Controls Inc.) Seat
Opel Astra 2015 Adient plc (Formerly Automotive seating business of Johnson Controls Inc.) Seat assembly
Nissan NP300 Navara (Spain) 2016 TACHI-S Co., Ltd. Seat
MAN TGL 2020 Recaro Automotive Seating - Skarbimierz Seat
MAN TGM 2020 Recaro Automotive Seating - Skarbimierz Seat
MAN TGS 2020 Recaro Automotive Seating - Skarbimierz Seat
MAN TGX 2020 Recaro Automotive Seating - Skarbimierz Seat
Hyundai ix20 (Czech Republic) 2018 Hyundai Dymos Czech s.r.o Seat
Honda Civic (UK) 2017 TS TECH Co., Ltd. Seat
Honda Civic Type R (UK) 2017 TS TECH Co., Ltd. Seat
Ford Focus (Germany) 2018 Adient plc (Formerly Automotive seating business of Johnson Controls Inc.) Seat assembly
Fiat 500S Essenza (Poland) 2015 Poltrona Frau S.p.A. Seat
Ferrari 488 Spider (Italy) 2016 Lear Corporation Seat
Daimler Mercedes-Benz A-Class (Germany) 2018 Adient plc (Formerly Automotive seating business of Johnson Controls Inc.) Seat
Daimler Mercedes-Benz C-Class (Europe) 2015 Lear Corporation Seat
Citroen / DS DS DS7 Crossback (France) 2018 Faurecia S.A. Seat assembly
Citroen C3 (Germany) 2016 Lear Corporation Seat
Citroen C1 (Europe) 2015 Lear Corporation Seat
Citroen C4 Cactus (Europe) 2015 Lear Corporation Seat
Citroen C4 Cactus (Spain) 2015 Faurecia S.A. Seat
BMW 7 Series (Germany) 2016 Adient plc (Formerly Automotive seating business of Johnson Controls Inc.) Seat assembly
BMW 2 SeriesActive Tourer 2015 Faurecia S.A. Seat assembly
BMW 7 Series 2015 Adient plc (Formerly Automotive seating business of Johnson Controls Inc.) Seat assembly
Audi Q8 (Slovakia) 2018 Faurecia S.A. Seat assembly
Audi A8 (Germany) 2017 Faurecia S.A. Seat assembly
Audi Q7 (Slovakia) 2016 Faurecia S.A. Seat
Audi A4 (Germany) 2015 Lear Corporation Seat
Audi Q7 2015 Faurecia S.A. Seat assembly
Audi Q7 (Slovakia) 2015 Faurecia S.A. Seat
Audi TT3 (Europe) 2015 Lear Corporation Seat
Alfa Romeo MiTo (Italy) 2016 Poltrona Frau S.p.A. Seat

 

 

Americas production models

Maker Model Model year Supplier Products
Toyota Avalon (USA) 2019 CGT Automotive Seat
Toyota Highlander (USA) 2017 Toyota Boshoku Indiana LLC Seat
Toyota Lexus RX (Canada) 2015 Toyota Boshoku Corporation Seat
Toyota Tacoma (Mexico) 2015 Adient plc (Formerly Automotive seating business of Johnson Controls Inc.) Seat
Nissan Maxima (USA) 2016 TACHI-S Co., Ltd. Seat
Nissan Altima (USA) 2015 Faurecia S.A. Seat
Nissan Armada (USA) 2015 Faurecia S.A. Seat
Nissan Frontier (Mexico) 2015 TF-Metal Mexico S.A.de C.V. Seat
Nissan March (Brazil) 2015 TACHI-S Brazil Industria de Assentos Automotivos Ltda. Seat
Nissan Murano (USA) 2015 TACHI-S Automotive Seating USA, LLC Seat
Nissan NP300 Frontier (Mexico) 2015 TF-Metal Mexico S.A.de C.V. Seat assembly
Nissan Sentra (Mexico) 2015 Industria de Asiento Superior, S.A. de C.V.(INSA) Seat assembly
Nissan Sentra (Mexico) 2015 Setex Automotive Mexico SA. De C.V. Seat
Nissan Titan (USA) 2015 Faurecia S.A. Seat
Nissan Versa (Brazil) 2015 TACHI-S Brazil Industria de Assentos Automotivos Ltda. Seat
Nissan Xterra (USA) 2015 Faurecia S.A. Seat
Mazda 2 (Mexico) 2015 AKI Seat Manufacturing, S.A.de C.V. Seat
Mazda 3 (Mexico) 2015 AKI Seat Manufacturing, S.A.de C.V. Seat
Hyundai HB20 (Brazil) 2018 Hyundai Dymos, Inc. Seat
Hyundai Elantra 2017 Hyundai Dymos, Inc. Seat
Honda CR-V 2017 TS TECH Co., Ltd. Seat
Honda NSX 2017 TS TECH Co., Ltd. Seat
Honda Odyssey (USA) 2017 TS TECH Co., Ltd. Seat
Honda Acura ILX (USA) 2016 TS TECH Co., Ltd. Seat
Honda City (Brazil) 2016 TS TECH Co., Ltd. Seat
Honda Civic (Canada) 2016 TS TECH Co., Ltd. Seat
Honda Civic (USA) 2016 TS TECH Co., Ltd. Seat
Honda HR-V (Mexico) 2016 Setex Automotive Mexico SA. De C.V. Seat assembly
Honda HR-V (Mexico) 2016 TACHI-S Co., Ltd. Seat
Honda Accord Coupe (USA) 2015 TACHI-S Automotive Seating USA, LLC Seat
Honda Accord Sedan (USA) 2015 TACHI-S Automotive Seating USA, LLC Seat
Honda Acura TL (USA) 2015 Setex Inc. Seat
Honda Acura TLX (USA) 2015 TACHI-S Co., Ltd. Seat
Honda Fit (Mexico) 2015 AKI Seat Manufacturing, S.A.de C.V. Seat
Honda Fit (Mexico) 2015 Setex Automotive Mexico SA. De C.V. Seat
Honda HR-V (Mexico) 2015 Setex Automotive Mexico SA. De C.V. Seat
GM Chevrolet Camaro ZL1 Convertible 2017 RECARO Automotive GmbH & Co. KG Seat assembly
GM Chevrolet Trax 2017 Hyundai Dymos, Inc. Seat
GM Cadillac CT6 2016 Adient plc (Formerly Automotive seating business of Johnson Controls Inc.) Seat assembly
GM Cadillac CTS-V 2016 RECARO Automotive GmbH & Co. KG Seat assembly
GM Cadillac XT5 (USA) 2016 Magna International Inc. Seat
GM Chevrolet Camaro ZL1 Convertible (USA) 2016 RECARO Automotive GmbH & Co. KG Seat
GM Cadillac ATS-V (USA) 2015 RECARO Automotive GmbH & Co. KG Seat
GM Cadillac CT6 (USA) 2015 Adient plc (Formerly Automotive seating business of Johnson Controls Inc.) Seat
GM Cadillac CTS-V (USA) 2015 RECARO Automotive GmbH & Co. KG Seat
GM Chevrolet Aveo (Mexico) 2015 Lear Corporation Mexico S. de R.L. de C.V. - Cuautlancingo Plant Seat
GM Chevrolet Camaro (USA) 2015 Adient plc (Formerly Automotive seating business of Johnson Controls Inc.) Seat
GM Chevrolet Malibu (USA) 2015 Adient Ltd. & Co. KG (Formerly JCI Beteiligungs GmbH) Seat
GM Chevrolet Sonic (Mexico) 2015 Lear Corporation Mexico S. de R.L. de C.V. - Cuautlancingo Plant Seat
Ford F-250 (USA) 2016 Adient plc (Formerly Automotive seating business of Johnson Controls Inc.) Seat assembly
Ford F-250 (USA) 2016 Faurecia S.A. Seat
Ford F-350 (USA) 2016 Adient plc (Formerly Automotive seating business of Johnson Controls Inc.) Seat assembly
Ford F-350 (USA) 2016 Faurecia S.A. Seat
Ford F-450 (USA) 2016 Faurecia S.A. Seat
Ford F-550 (USA) 2016 Faurecia S.A. Seat
Ford F-650 (USA) 2016 Faurecia S.A. Seat
Ford F-750 (USA) 2016 Faurecia S.A. Seat
Ford Edge (Canada) 2015 Faurecia S.A. Seat
Ford Edge (Canada) 2015 Magna International Inc. Seat assembly
Ford F-150 (USA) 2015 Adient plc (Formerly Automotive seating business of Johnson Controls Inc.) Seat
Ford Lincoln MKX (Canada) 2015 Magna International Inc. Seat
Daimler Mercedes-Benz GLE-Class (USA) 2019 Lear Corporation Seat
Daimler Mercedes-Benz GLS-Class (USA) 2019 Lear Corporation Seat
Daimler Mercedes-Benz C-Class (USA) 2016 Lear Corporation Seat
Daimler Mercedes-Benz GLE Coupe (USA) 2016 Faurecia S.A. Seat assembly
Daimler Mercedes-Benz GLE Coupe (USA) 2016 Lear Corporation Seat assembly
Daimler Mercedes-Benz GLS-Class (USA) 2016 Lear Corporation Seat assembly
Daimler Mercedes-Benz GLE-Class (USA) 2015 Faurecia S.A. Seat

Source: Company press releases, interviews, etc.



V. Sales figures for major seat suppliers

Seat Division Revenue

December 2015 December 2016 December 2017
Adient plc
(former Johnson Controls Inc.)
USD millions September 2015
16,859
September 2016
16,616
September 2017
14,742
Lear USD millions 14,098 14,356 15,873
Faurecia EUR millions 6,188 6,607 7,132

Reference: Overall company sales

December 2015 December 2016 December 2017
Adient plc
(former Johnson Controls Inc.)
USD millions September 2015
20,071
September 2016
16,837
September 2017
16,213
Lear USD millions 18,211 18,557 20,467
Faurecia EUR millions 18,770 18,710 20,181
Magna International USD millions 32,134 36,445 38,946

Source: Company press releases, interviews, etc.





-Adient plc (former Johnson Controls Inc.)

●Production plant ★R&D facility
Facility Name Location Type Investment Ratio Joint Venture Partners
*Figures show investment ratio
Major Customers
Asia/Pacific
Australia Adient Australia Pty. Ltd. Adelaide 100
China Changchun Fawer-Adient Automotive Systems Co., Ltd. Changchun 50 Changchun FAW Sihuan Automobile 50 FAW
FAW VW
China Beijing Adient Automotive Components Co., Ltd. Beijing 36 Beijing Automobile Group 64 Beijing Benz, Beijing Jeep
China Shanghai Yanfeng Adient Seating Co., Ltd. Shanghai 49.99 Yanfeng Visteon Auto Trim Systems Co., Ltd. 50.01 SAIC
ShanghaiGM
ShanghaiVW
China Shanghai Yanfeng Adient Seating Co., Ltd. Shanghai N.A. N.A.
China Guangzhou Dongfeng Adient Automotive Seating Co., Ltd. Guangzhou 10 Shanghai Yanfeng Adient Seating 80
Dongfeng Electronic Technology 1
Xiangfan Dongfeng Motor Electric 9
Dongfeng Nissan
China Liuzhou Wuling Adient Seating Co., Ltd. Liuzhou 34.9 Wuling Motors United Development 35.1
Shanghai Yanfeng Adient Seating 30
SAIC-GM-Wuling
(Chevrolet Spark)
China Chongqing Yanfeng Adient Automotive Components Co., Ltd. Chongqing 35 Chongqing Yanfeng Industry 35
Shanghai Yanfeng Adient Seating 30
Changan Ford
Changan Suzuki
Changan Automobile
China Nanjing Yanfeng Adient Seating Co., Ltd. Nanjing N.A. N.A.
China Nantong Yanfeng Adient Seating Trim Co., Ltd. Nantong N.A. N.A.
China Shenyang Yanfeng Adient Seating Co., Ltd. Shenyang - Shanghai Yanfeng Adient Seating 100
China Wuhan Tachi-S Adient Automotive Seat Co., Ltd. Wuhan 30 Tachi-S 70 Dongfeng Honda
China Wuhan Adient Yunhe Automotive Seating Co., Ltd. Wuhan N.A. Wuhan Yunhe Automobile Seat
China Wuhu Adient Yunhe Automotive Seating Co., Ltd. Wuhu N.A. Wuhan Yunhe Automobile Seat
India Tata Adient Automotive Limited Pune ●★ 100 Tata AutoComp Systems 50
Japan Adient, K.K. Automotive Experience Japan Yokohama 100
Japan Adient, K.K. Ayase Plant Ayase, Kanagawa 100
Japan Adient, K.K. Hamamatsu Plant Hamamatsu, Shizuoka 100
Japan Adient, K.K. Oppama Plant Yokohama 100
Japan Kinryo Kogyo Fukuoka 75 Tachi-S 25
Korea Adient Automotive (Interior) Korea Asan 100 Hyundai, Kia, Renault-Samsung
Korea Adient Automotive Korea Ansan ●★ 100
Malaysia Adient Automotive Holding (M) Sdn Bhd Kuala Lumpur 100
Thailand Adient & Summit Interiors Ltd. Rayong N.A. Summit Auto Group (Thailand)
Americas
Argentina Adient Rosario Rosario 100
Argentina Master Trim de Argentina SRL Buenos Aires 49 Toyota Boshoku America 49
Toyota Tsusho 2
Brazil Adient Gravatai Gravatai 100
Brazil Adient Pouso Alegre Pouso Alegre 100
Brazil Adient Santo Andre Santo Andre 100
Brazil Adient Sao Bernardo do Campo Sao Bernardo
do Campo
●● 100
Brazil Adient Sao Jose dos Campos Sao Jose dos Campos 100
Brazil Adient Curibita Sao Jose dos Pinhais 100
Canada Adient Milton Milton 100 Ford
Canada Adient Mississauga Mississauga 100
Canada Adient Orangeville Orangeville 100 Chrysler
Canada Intertec Systems St. Marys St. Marys 100
Canada Adient Windsor (Lakeshore) Tecumseh 100 Chrysler
Canada Adient Tillsonburg Tillsonburg 100
Canada Adient Whitby Whitby 100 GM
Canada Trim Masters Canada, LP Elmira (Ontario) 49 Toyota Boshoku 26
Toyota Boshoku America 20
Toyota Tsusho America 5
Canada Setex Canada GP Shelburne (Ontario) 49 Tachi-S Canada 51 Honda
Mexico Adient Ediasa Ciudad Juarez ●x5 100
Mexico Adient Puebla Puebla 100
Mexico Adient Ramos Arizpe Ramos Arizpe ●● 100
Mexico Adient Tlaxcala Tlaxcala 100
Mexico Technotrim de Mexico S. de R.L. de C.V. Ramos Arizpe 51 Tachi-S Engineering USA 49 Nissan,
GM,
Ford
Saltillo
Monclova
U.S. Adient Prince Holland (Michigan) -
U.S. Group Office Headquarters - CDU Plymouth (Michigan) -
U.S. Group Office Headquarters - CTU Plymouth (Michigan) -
U.S. Adient Cottondale Cottondale (Alabama) - Mercedes-Benz
U.S. Adient Bridgewater Eastaboga (Alabama) -
U.S. Adient - Johns Creek Facility Suwanee (Georgia) - GM
U.S. Adient Sycamore Sycamore (Illinois) - Chrysler (Belvidere Plant)
U.S. Adient Service Center Winchester Winchester (Kentucky) -
U.S. Adient Shelbyville Shelbyville (Kentucky) -
U.S. Adient Shreveport Shreveport (Louisiana) -
U.S. Adient Warren Bridgewater Warren (Michigan) -
U.S. Adient Battle Creek Battle Creek (Michigan) -
U.S. Adient Bridgewater Detroit (Michigan) -
U.S. Adient Cottonwood Holland (Michigan) -
U.S. Adient Holland Holland (Michigan) - GM
U.S. Adient Maplewood Holland (Michigan) -
U.S. Adient Meadowbrook Holland (Michigan) -
U.S. Adient WAVE Lab Holland (Michigan) -
U.S. Adient Lakewood Holland (Michigan) -
U.S. Adient Bridgewater Lansing (Michigan) - GM
U.S. Adient Sterling Heights Sterling Heights
(Michigan)
-
U.S. Avanzar Interior Technologies, Ltd. San Antonio (Texas) N.A. SAT Auto Technologies, Ltd. Toyota Motor Manufacturing Texas
U.S. Techno Trim, Inc. Plymouth (Michigan) 51 Tachi-S Engneering USA 49
U.S. Setex, Inc. St. Marys (Ohio) 49 Tachi-S Engneering USA 51 Honda
U.S. Trim Masters Inc. Bardstown (Kentucky) 49 Toyota Boshoku 26
Toyota Boshoku America 20
Toyota Tsusho America 5
Toyota, Honda
Nicholasville
(Kentucky)
Harrodsburg
(Kentucky)
Lawrenceville (Illinois)
E.U.
Austria Adient Graz Graz 100
Austria Adient Mandling Mandling 100
Belgium Adient Assenede Assenede 100
Belgium Adient Geel Brussels 100
Bulgaria Adient Automotive Electronics Sofia 100
Czech Republic Adient Ceska Lipa Ceska Lipa 100
Czech Republic Adient Mlada Boleslav Mlada Boleslav 100
Czech Republic Adient Roudnice Roudnice 100
Czech Republic Adient Straz pod Ralskem Straz pod Ralskem 100
France Adient Automotive Electronics Cergy 100
France Adient Conflans Conflans 100
France Adient Creutzwald Creutzwald 100
France Adient La Ferte Bernard La Ferte Bernard 100
France Adient Rosny Sur Seine Rosny Sur Seine 100
France Adient Strasbourg Strasbourg 100
Germany Adient European Headquarters Burscheid 100
Germany Adient Engineering Center Grefrath Grefrath 100
Germany Adient Karlsruhe Karlsruhe 100
Germany Recaro Automotive Seating Kaiserslautern ●★ -
Germany Recaro Automotive Seating Kirchheim/Teck ●★ -
Germany C. Rob. Hammerstein (CRH) Solingen ●★ -
Germany Adient Bochum Bochum 100
Germany Adient Boeblingen Boeblingen 100
Germany Adient Bremen Bremen 100
Germany Adient Lahnwerk Dautphetal 100
Germany Adient Espelkamp Espelkamp 100
Germany Adient Grefrath Grefrath 100
Germany Adient Hannover Hannover 100
Germany Adient Hilchenbach Hilchenbach 100
Germany Adient Lueneburg Lueneburg 100
Germany Adient Neuenburg Neuenburg 100
Germany Adient Neustadt a.d. Donau Neustadt 100
Germany Adient Rastatt Rastatt 100
Germany Adient Remchingen Remchingen 100
Germany Adient Rockenhausen Rockenhausen 100
Germany Adient Saarlouis Saarlouis 100 Ford
Germany Adient Ueberherrn Ueberherrn 100
Germany Adient Roth Freres Insitu-Technologie GmbH & Co. KG Waghaeusel 100
Germany Adient Wuppertal Wuppertal 100
Germany Adient Zwickau Zwickau 100 VW
Hungary Adient Mezolak Mezolak 100
Italy Adient Cicerale Cicerale 100
Italy Adient Commer S.r.l. Melfi 100
Italy Adient Cointer S.r.l Rocca d'Evandro 100
Macedonia Adient Skopje Skopje 100
Poland Adient International sp. z o.o. Bierun 100
Poland Adient Siemianowice sp. z o.o. Siemianowice Slaskie 100
Poland JP Foam Manufacturing Sp. z o.o. Zory 100
Portugal Adient Palmela Palmela 100
Romania Adient Mioveni Mioveni 100
Romania Adient Pitesti Pitesti 100
Romania Adient Ploiesti Ploiesti 100
Russia Adient St. Petersburg St. Petersburg 100 Ford Focus
Slovakia Adient Lozorno/Bratislava Lozorno 100
Slovakia Adient Lucenec Lucenec 100
Slovakia Adient Namestovo Namestovo 100
Slovakia Adient Zilina Zilina 100
Slovakia Adient Trencin s.r.o. Trencin 100
Slovakia Trim Leader, AS Kostany nad Turcom
(Martin)
51 Toyota Boshoku 49 Toyota, Peugeot, Citroen
Slovenia Adient Novo Mesto Novo Mesto 100
Slovenia Adient Slovenj Gradec Slovenj Gradec 100
Spain Adient Alagon Alagon 100
Spain Adient Abrera Abrera 100
Spain Adient Barcelona/El Prat de Llobregat El Prat de Llobregat 100
Spain Adient Zaragoza Zaragoza 100
Spain Adient Valencia Valencia 100
Spain Adient Valladolid Valladolid 100
Sweden Adient Sweden AB Goteburg 100
U.K. Adient Burton-On-Trent Burton-On-Trent 100
U.K. Adient Halewood Halewood 100
U.K. Adient Brunswick Park Brunswick Park 100
U.K. Adient Redditch Redditch 100
U.K. Adient Stafford Park Telford 100
U.K. Adient Halesfield Halesfield 100
U.K. Adient Telford JRI Telford 100
U.K. Adient Wednesbury Wednesbury 100
Macedonia Adient Strumica Strumica 100
Africa
Tunisia Adient Bir El Bey Bir El Bey 100
South Africa Adient East London East London 100
South Africa Adient Pretoria Rosslyn Pretoria 100
South Africa Adient Pretoria Silverton Pretoria 100
South Africa Adient Uitenhage Uitenhage 100
South Africa Adient Automotive Assemblies (PTY) Ltd Uitenhage 100


-Lear Corporation

●Production plant ★R&D facility
Facility Name Location Type Investment Ratio Joint Venture Partners
*Figures show investment ratio
Major Customers
Asia/Pacific
China Lear Corporation Changchun Automotive Interior Systems Co., Ltd. Changchun 100 SAIC VW
China Chongqing Lear Chang'an Automotive Interior Trim Co., Ltd. Chongqing 55 Changan Automobile 45 Changan Ford
Changan Suzuki
China Lear Chang'an (Chongqing) Automotive Systems Co., Ltd. Chongqing 55 Changan Automobile 45
China Lear Chang'an (Chongqing) Automotive Systems Co., Ltd. Liuzhou branch Liuzhou 55 Changan Automobile 45
China Lear Chang'an (Chongqing) Automotive Systems Co., Ltd. Nanjing branch Nanjing 55 Changan Automobile 45
China Lear Automotive Fabrics (Rui'an) Co., Ltd. Rui'an 75 New Trend Group 25
China Shanghai Lear Automotive Systems Co., Ltd. Shanghai ●★ 100
China Shenyang Lear Automotive Seating and Interior Systems Co., Ltd. Shenyang 60 Shanghai Shenhua Holdings 40 CBA-BMW
China Wuhan Lear-Yunhe Automotive Interior System Co., Ltd. Wuhan 50 Wuhan Yunhe Automobile Seat 50 Dongfeng Peugeot-Citroen
China Lear Dongfeng Automotive Seating Co., Ltd. Wuhan 50 Dongfeng Motor & Dongfeng Industrial 50
China Shanghai Lear Automotive Systems Co., Ltd. Wuhu branch Wuhu 100
China Tacle Guangzhou Automotive Seat Co., Ltd. Guangzhou 20 TACHI-S 51
Lear Dongfeng Automotive Seating 40
Hsin Chong International Investment 9
Dongfeng Nissan
China Jiangxi Jiangling Lear Interior Systems Co., Ltd. Nanchang 50 Jiangling Motor Group 50 JMC-Isuzu, JMC-Ford
China Beijing Lear Dymos Automotive Seats & Interiors Co., Ltd] Beijing 40 Hyundai Dymos  40 Hyundai
China Zhengzhou Lear-DFM Taixin Automotive Seating Co., Ltd. Zhengzhou - Lear Dongfeng Automotive Seating 51
Zhengzhou Taixin 49
Dongfeng Nissan
India Lear Automotive India Private Limited Chakan 100
India Lear Automotive India Private Limited Chennai 100
India Lear Automotive India Private Limited Halol 100 GM
India Lear Automotive India Private Limited Maraimalai Nagar 100
India Lear Automotive India Private Limited Nasik 100
India Lear Automotive India Private Limited Pune 100
India Tacle Automotive India Private Limited Tamil Nadu
India Dymos Lear India Private Limited Chennai 35 Hyundai Dymos  65 Hyundai
India Lear Automotive India Private Limited Thane 100
Korea Lear Korea Yuhan Hoesa Gyeongju 100 Hyundai
Korea Dong Kwang Lear Yuhan Hoesa Incheon 50 Dong Kwang Ki Yeon  50 Korea GM
Malaysia TS-Lear Automotive (M) Sdn. Bhd. Selangor 46.15 Thai Summit 53.85
Tg. Malim
Vietnam Lear Corporation (Vietnam) Limited Hai Pong City 100
Thailand Lear Seating (Thailand) Co., Ltd. Mueang Nakhon
Ratchasima
99.56
Thailand General Seating (Thailand) Co., Ltd. Rayong 50 NHK Spring 50 Ford-Mazda, Volvo, BMW
Americas
Argentina Industrias Lear de Argentina SrL Escobar 100 Ford, Toyota, GM
Argentina Industrias Lear de Argentina SrL Ferreyra 100
Brazil Lear do Brasil Industria e Comercio Interiores Automotivos Ltda. Betim 100 Fiat
Brazil Lear Car Seating do Brasil Industria e Comercio de Interiores Automotivos Ltda. Cacapava 100
Brazil Lear do Brasil Industria e Comercio Interiores Automotivos Ltda. Camacari 100 Ford
Brazil Lear do Brasil Industria e Comercio Interiores Automotivos Ltda. Gravatai 100 GM
Canada Lear Corporation Canada, Ltd. Ajax (Ontario) 100 GM
Canada Lear Corporation Canada, Ltd. Kitchener (Ontario) 100
Canada Lear Corporation Canada, Ltd. St.Thomas (Ontario) 100
Canada Lear Corporation Canada, Ltd. Whitby (Ontario) 100 GM
Mexico Lear Corporation Mexico, S. de R.L. de C.V. Cuautlancingo 100
Mexico Lear Corporation Mexico, S. de R.L. de C.V. Hermosillo 100 Ford
Mexico Lear Corporation Mexico, S. de R.L. de C.V. Juarez 100
Mexico Lear Corporation Mexico, S. de R.L. de C.V. Mexico City 100
Mexico Lear Corporation Mexico, S. de R.L. de C.V. Monclova 100
Mexico Lear Corporation Mexico, S. de R.L. de C.V. Nuevo Casas Grandes 100
Mexico Lear Corporation Mexico, S. de R.L. de C.V. Piedras Negras 100
Mexico Lear Corporation Mexico, S. de R.L. de C.V. Ramos Arizpe 100 GM
Mexico Lear Corporation Mexico, S. de R.L. de C.V. Saltillo 100 Chrysler
Mexico Lear Corporation Mexico, S. de R.L. de C.V. San Felipe 100
Mexico Lear Corporation Mexico, S. de R.L. de C.V. San Luis Potosi 100
Mexico Lear Corporation Mexico, S. de R.L. de C.V. Silao 100 GM
Mexico Lear Corporation Mexico, S. de R.L. de C.V. Toluca 100
Mexico Lear Corporation Mexico, S. de R.L. de C.V. Villa Ahumada 100
Mexico Lear Mexican Trim Operations Calera 100
U.S. Integrated Manufacturing and Assembly, LLC (IMA) Brownstown Township
(Michigan)
49 Comer Holdings 51 GM, Ford, Mazda
Columbia City (Indiana)
U.S. Lear Corporation Farwell (Michigan)
U.S. Lear Corporation Hebron (Ohio)
U.S. Lear Corporation Selma (Aabama)
U.S. Lear Corporation Arlington (Texas) GM
U.S. Lear Corporation Detroit (Michigan)
U.S. Lear Corporation Duncan
(South Carolina)
BMW
U.S. Lear Corporation Hammond (Indiana) Ford
U.S. Lear Corporation Louisville (Kentucky)
U.S. Lear Corporation Mason (Michigan)
U.S. Lear Corporation Montgomery (Alabama)
U.S. Lear Corporation Morristown
(Tennessee)
U.S. Lear Corporation Rochester Hills
(Michigan)
U.S. Lear Corporation Roscommon (Michigan)
U.S. Lear Corporation Wentzville (Missouri) GM
U.S. Lear Corporation Southfield (Michigan)
E.U.
Belgium Lear Corporation Belgium CVA Genk 100 Ford
Czech Republic Lear Corporation Czech Republic s.r.o. Kolin 100
Czech Republic Lear Corporation Czech Republic s.r.o. Stribro 100
France Lear Corporation Seating France SAS Cergy 100
France Lear Corporation Seating France Feignies SAS Feignies 100
France Lear Corporation Seating France Guipry SAS Guipry 100
Germany Lear Corporation GmbH Allershausen
-Leonhardsbush
●★ 100
Germany Lear Corporation GmbH Kronach 100
Germany Lear Corporation GmbH Besigheim 100
Germany Lear Corporation GmbH Boeblingen 100
Germany Lear Corporation GmbH Bremen 100
Germany Lear Corporation GmbH Eisennach 100
Germany Lear Corporation GmbH Garching-Hochbrueck 100
Germany Lear Corporation GmbH Ginsheim-Gustavsburg 100
Germany Lear Corporation GmbH Munich 100
Germany Lear Corporation GmbH Quakenbruck 100
Germany Lear Corporation GmbH Rietberg 100
Germany Lear Corporation GmbH Wackersdorf 100
Hungary Lear Corporation Hungary Automoive Manufacturing Kft. Gyor 100
Hungary Lear Corporation Hungary Automoive Manufacturing Kft. Mor 100
Hungary Lear Corporation Hungary Automoive Manufacturing Kft. Szolnok 100
Italy Lear Corporation Italia S.r.l. Caivano 100
Italy Lear Corporation Italia S.r.l. Cassino 100
Italy Lear Corporation Italia S.r.l. Grugliasco 100
Italy Lear Corporation Italia S.r.l. Melfi 100
Italy Lear Corporation Italia S.r.l. Pozzo d'Adda 100
Italy Lear Corporation Italia S.r.l. Termini Imerese 100
Poland Lear Corporation Poland II Sp. z o.o. Jaroslaw 100
Poland Lear Corporation Poland II Sp. z o.o. Tychy 100
Russia OOO Lear Nizhny Novgorod 100 GAZ, Fiat
Russia OOO Lear Kaluga 100
Russia OOO Lear St. Petersburg 100
Spain Lear Corporation Asientos, S.L. Epila 100
Spain Lear Corporation Asientos, S.L. Logrono 100
Spain Lear Corporation Asientos, S.L. Valdemoro 100
Spain Lear Corporation Spain S.L.. Valls 100
Slovakia Lear Corporation Seating Slovakia s.r.o. Presov 100
Slovakia Lear Corporation Seating Slovakia s.r.o. Senec 100
Sweden Lear Corporation Sweden AB Trollhattan 100 Saab
U.K. TACLE Seating UK Limited Sunderland
U.K. Lear Corporation UK Interior Systems Limited Coventry 100
U.K. Lear Corporation UK Ltd. Redditch 100
Moldova Lear Corporation S.r.L. Ungheni 100
Turkey Lear Trim Oto Yan Sanayi Limited Sirket Gemlik 100
Africa
Morocco Lear Automotive Morocco SAS Tangier 100
South Africa Lear Sewing (Pty.) Ltd. Port Elizabeth 100
South Africa Lear Sewing (Pty.) Ltd. East London 100
South Africa Lear Sewing (Pty.) Ltd. Rosslyn
(Pretoria)
100 BMW


-Faurecia S.A.

●Production plant ★R&D facility
Facility Name Location Type Investment Ratio Joint Venture Partners
*Figures show investment ratio
Major Customers
Asia/Pacific
China Faurecia (Shanghai) Automotive Systems Co., Ltd. Shanghai ●★ 100
China Changchun Faurecia Xuyang Automotive Seat Co., Ltd. Changchun 60 Changchun Xuyang Group 40 FAW VW
(Jetta, Bora, Golf)
China Faurecia (Changchun) Automotive Systems Co., Ltd. Changchun 100 FAW VW
China Faurecia-GSK (Wuhan) Automotive Seating Co., Ltd. Wuhan 51 GSK Corporation 49 Dongfeng Peugeot-Citroen,
Dongfeng Nissan
China Faurecia (Wuhan) Automotive Seating Co., Ltd. Wuhan 100
China Faurecia (Wuhan) Automotive Components Systems Co., Ltd. Wuhan 100
China Faurecia (Wuxi) Seating Components Co., Ltd. Wuxi 100
China Faurecia (Guangzhou) Automotive Systems Co., Ltd. Guangzhou -
China Changchun Faurecia Xuyang Automotive Seat Co., Ltd. Chengdu Branch Chengdu -
China Faurecia (Changchun) Automotive Systems Co., Ltd. Chongqing Branch Chongqing - Changan Ford
India Faurecia Automotive Seating India Private Limited Manesar 100 TS Tech Sun (India) Limited →Honda
India Faurecia Automotive Seating India Private Limited Pune 100 TS Tech Sun (India) Limited →Honda
Japan Faurecia Japan K.K. Yokohama 100
Japan Faurecia-NHK Co., Ltd. Yokohama 50 NHK Spring 50
Japan Faurecia-NHK Kyushu Co., Ltd. Fukuoka 19 NHK Spring 81
Americas
Argentina Faurecia Argentina SA Escobar (Buenos Aires) 100
Brazil Faurecia Automotive do Brazil Ltda. Porto Real 100
Brazil Faurecia Automotive do Brazil Ltda. Quatro Barras 100
Brazil Faurecia Automotive do Brazil Ltda. Sao Jose Dos Pinhais 100
Canada Faurecia Automotive Seating Canada Ltd. Bradford (Ontario) 100
Mexico Faurecia Sistemas Automotrices de Mexico, SA de CV San Luis Potosi 100
Mexico Faurecia Interior Systems Mexico, SA de CV Puebla 100
U.S. Faurecia Automotive Seating Inc. Cleveland (Mississipi) 100 Chrysler
U.S. Faurecia Automotive Seating Inc. Cottondale (Alabama) 100
U.S. Faurecia Automotive Seating Inc. Fountain Inn
(South Carolina)
100 BMW
U.S. Faurecia Automotive Seating Inc. Madison (Mississippi) 100
U.S. Faurecia Automotive Seating Inc. Riverside (Missouri) 100
U.S. Faurecia Automotive Seating Inc. Sterling Heights
(Michigan)
100 Chrysler
U.S. Faurecia Automotive Seating Inc. Holland (Michigan) 100
U.S. Faurecia Automotive Seating Inc. Troy (Michigan) 100
E.U.
Czech Republic Faurecia Components Pisek s.r.o. Pisek 100
France Faurecia-Sotexo Brebieres 100
France Faurecia Automotive Seating Brieres 100
France Faurecia Automotive Seating Caligny ●★ 100
France Faurecia Automotive Seating Cercy-la-Tour 100
France ECSA - Etudes et Construction de Sieges pour L'Automobile Crevin 100
France Faurecia-Sienor Hordain 100
France Faurecia Automotive Seating Magny-Vernois ●★ 100
France Faurecia-Siedoubs Montbeliard 100
France Faurecia Automotive Seating Nogent-sur-Vernisson 100
France Faurecia Automotive Seating Nompatelize 100
France Faurecia-Sielest Pulversheim 100 Peugeot
France Faurecia-Siebret Redon 100
France Faurecia Automotive Seating Saint-Nicolas-de-Redon 100
France Automotive Sandouville Sandouville 100
France Faurecia Automotive Seating Villers-la-Montagne 100
Germany Faurecia Autositze GmbH Stadthagen ●★ 100
Germany Faurecia Autositze GmbH Peiting 100
Germany Faurecia Autositze GmbH Munich 100
Germany Faurecia Autositze GmbH Neuenstadt 100 Audi
Germany Faurecia Autositze GmbH Neuburg 100 Audi
Germany Faurecia Autositze GmbH Geiselhoering 100
Germany Faurecia Autositze GmbH Lohr Am Main 100
The Netherlands Faurecia Automotive Seating BV Sittard 100
Poland Faurecia Walbrzych Sp.Zo.o Walbrzych ●x4 100 Ford
Poland Faurecia Walbrzych Sp.Zo.o Jelcz-Laskowice 100
Poland Faurecia Fotele Samochodowe Sp. Zo.o Grojec 100
Poland Faurecia Grojec R&D Center SP.Zo.o Grojec 100
Portugal EDA-Estofagem De Assentos, Lda Nelas 100
Portugal Faurecia - Assentos de Automovel, Lda Sao Joao da Madeira ●x3 100 Seat, VW
Portugal Sasal - Assentos paraAutomoveis S.A. Vouzela 100
Romania Faurecia Seating Talmaciu SRL Talmaciu 100
Slovakia Faurecia Slovakia s.r.o. Lozorno 100 Audi
Slovakia Faurecia Slovakia s.r.o. Trnava 100 PSA
Spain Faurecia Asientos Para Automovil Espana SA Pamplona 100 VW
Spain Asientos de Castilla Leon, SA Valladolid 100 Renault
Spain Asientos de Galicia, SL Vigo 100 PSA
Spain Asientos del Norte, SA Vitoria 100 Daimler
Spain Faurecia Automotive Espana, SL Madrid 100
Spain Industrias Cousin Freres, SL Burlada 50 Lear 50
U.K. Faurecia Automotive Seating UK Ltd. Banbury 100 BMW (MINI)
Africa
Morocco Faurecia Equipements Automobiles Maroc (FEAM) Kenitra 100
Morocco Faurecia Equipements Automobiles Maroc Sale 100
Tunisia Societe Tunisienne d'Equipements D'Automobile Ben Arous 100


-Magna International Inc.

●Production plant ★R&D facility
Facility Name Location Type Investment Ratio Joint Venture Partners
*Figures show investment ratio
Major Customers
Asia/Pacific
China Intier JiaoYun Automotive Parts Co. Shanghai ●★ 50 Shanghai Jiao Yun 50 FAW
Shanghai VW
Shanghai GM
China Magna (Fuzhou) Automotive Seating Co., Ltd. Fuzhou 100
China N.A. Shanghai 100
China Magna Automotive (Suzhou) Co., Ltd. Suzhou 100
India MSKH Seating System Pvt. Ltd. Pune 50 Krishna Group 50
Americas
Argentina Magna Seating Argentina S.A. San Isidro 100
Argentina Magna Seating Argentina S.A. Cordoba 100
Argentina Magna Seating Argentina S.A. Pacheco 100
Argentina Magna Seating Argentina S.A. Benavidas 100
Argentina Magna Seating Argentina S.A. Buenos Aires 100
Brazil Magna Seating Brazil Sao Paulo 100 GM (2012-)
Brazil Magna Seating Brazil Sao Joaquim de Bicas 100
Brazil Magna Seating Brazil Gravatai 100
Brazil Magna Seating Brazil Camacari 100
Canada Magna Seating Inc. Newmarket (Ontario) 100 Ford Edge,
Mercury MKX,
Toyota Sienna
Canada Magna Seating Inc. Mississauga (Ontario) 100
Canada Magna Seating Inc. London (Ontario) 100
Canada Magna Seating Inc. Tecumseh (Ontario) 100
U.S. Magna Seating of America, Inc. Novi (Michigan) 100
U.S. Magna Seating of America, Inc. Strongsville
(Ohio)
100
U.S. Magna Seating of America, Inc. Excelsior Springs
(Missouri)
100 Ford Escape
U.S. Magna Seating of America, Inc. Highland Park
(Michigan)
100
U.S. Magna Seating of America, Inc. Shelby Township
(Michigan)
100
U.S. Magna Seating of America, Inc. Normal (Illinois) 100
U.S. Bloomington-Normal Seating Company Normal (Illinois) 50 Namba Press Works  50 Mitsubishi North America
U.S. Gra-Mag Truck Interior Systems, L.L.C. London (Ohio) 50 Grammer  50
U.S. Camaco L.L.C. Novi (Michigan) ●● 32 P&C Group 68 GM
Ford
Lorain (Ohio) ●★
Columbus (Nebraska)
U.S. Chattanooga Seating Systems LLC Chattanooga
(Tennessee)
49 Hollingsworth 51 VW
E.U.
Austria N.A. Graz -
Czech Republic Magna Seating Chomutov s.r.o. Chomutov 100
Czech Republic N.A. Rychnov -
Czech Republic N.A. Chabarovice -
Germany Magna Seating (Germany) GmbH Neuburg 100
Germany Magna Seating (Germany) GmbH Woerth 100
Germany Magna Seating (Germany) GmbH Sailauf 100
Poland Magna Automotive Poland Sp. z o.o. Poznan 100
Spain Magna Seating Spain S.A. Barcelona 100
U.K. Magna Seating (UK) Ltd. Southampton 100 Ford Transit Connect
U.K. Magna Seating (UK) Ltd. Dunstable 100



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