Analysis Report by Component : Exhaust Systems (Japanese Market)

2015/01/30

Leading suppliers of exhaust systems in Japan

Futaba Industrial Yutaka Giken Calsonic Kansei Sango
Sakamoto Industry Sankei Giken Kogyo Hirotec Sankei Industry

Go to Exhaust Systems (U.S. and European Markets)



I. Business overview of leading suppliers of exhaust systems

1) Business highlights

  • In line with Japanese automakers' moves to increase their volume of products produced overseas, each supplier has been proceeding with its expansion projects to establish additional production facilities in the U.S. and other markets since the latter half of 1980s.
  • In Europe and the U.S., many Japanese suppliers strengthened their business operations by forming alliances with global companies such as Tenneco and Eberspaecher.
  • An increasing number of suppliers, mostly joint ventures with local suppliers, launched expansion projects into China after 2000. They put emphasis on expanding their operations to the emerging countries such as Brazil and India. In recent years, they have been reorganizing their global operations network for optimization and enhancing their production capacity.
  • In addition to supplying to carmakers that are based in Japan, Japanese suppliers aim to win business from non-Japanese automakers as well.
  • Automakers are looking for comprehensive exhaust system suppliers, which are capable of developing, manufacturing, and supplying total exhaust systems including hot end components (from exhaust manifolds to catalysts) and cold end components (mufflers, etc.).

M: Manufacturing facilities/ R: R&D facilities/ T: Technological collaborations
Futaba Industrial Yutaka Giken Calsonic Kansei Sango Sakamoto Industry Sankei Giken Kogyo Hirotec Sankei Industry
Asia
Japan MMMMM MMMR MMR MMMMM
R
MM MMMMM
R
MMMMR M
China MMMMM
M
MM MR MMM M MM TT
India M M MT M
Indonesia MM M MMT M TT
Korea M
Malaysia T TT
Philippines M TT
Taiwan M M T TT T
Thailand M MM MM M TTT
Americas
Argentina T
Brazil M T
Canada M M
Mexico M M T
USA M MM MR M M MMR
Venezuela TT
Europe
Czech Republic M T
Spain T
Portugal T
Turkey M
UK M M MR T
Netherlands T
Middle East/Africa
South Africa T

Plants making products other than exhaust systems components (exhaust systems, exhaust pipes, mufflers, exhaust manifolds, catalysts, diesel particulate filters (DPFs)) are not included in the above list.


2) Major facilities (locations, ownership ratios and main customers)


3) Charts of major collaborations and joint ventures





II. A list of leading suppliers of exhaust systems and their OEM customers

Futaba Industrial

  • The company supplies its products mainly to Toyota Motor. It is one of the largest suppliers of exhaust systems and components in Japan.
  • The supplier is promoting local procurement in the U.S., China and Europe. It hopes to reduce the supply of components that are made in Japan by 70% by fiscal year 2017. The export value of components to the three regions amounted to more than JPY 11.1 billion in fiscal year 2012. The company aims to localize production by developing and nurturing local suppliers, as well as starting in-house production in each region. Although the value of the yen has dropped to 104 against the dollar, the company wants to establish a stable profit structure that will not be affected by exchange rate fluctuations in the long-term.
  • In November 2013, the company started to supply its new POWEREV exhaust heat recovery system for the Mazda Axela Hybrid. This is the first time that Futaba Industrial's exhaust heat recovery systems, featured on the Toyota Prius and other models, have been used in a non-Toyota vehicle. An exhaust heat recovery system helps warm up the engine by transferring exhaust heat to engine coolant. It can also be used as a power source to improve heating efficiency. The POWEREV is manufactured by Sankei Industry, Futaba's affiliate company, based in Okayama Prefecture.

Yutaka Giken

  • Honda Motor accounts for approximately 50% of the company's overall sales.
  • The supplier plans to develop and commercialize exhaust heat recovery equipment by FY 2016. Exhaust heat from engines is decreasing as hybrid vehicles and downsized engines are increasing. The company expects demand growth for the thermal management equipment which is capable of efficient recovery of exhaust heat. It aims to commercialize the product as early as possible and develop it into its primary product of exhaust system products.
  • The supplier is boosting its production capacity of exhaust parts in Southeast Asia by 60% to 500,000 units a year during fiscal year 2013. In Thailand, it will construct a new plant to increase its annual production capacity to 360,000 units by the end of fiscal year 2013. The company will also expand its existing plant in Indonesia to develop production capacity of 130,000 units by the beginning of 2014.
  • It is boosting production volume of torque converters and exhaust systems in North America by 40 to 80% in 2016 from the level in 2012. This dramatic raise will be made possible by an increase in production at the company's plant in Mexico, which is slated to go into operation in 2014, as localized production of components advances in place of imports from Japan.
  • The company will increase the percentage of local sourcing at its major overseas plants. By 2013, the local content ratio of its drivetrain products such as torque converters and exhaust systems made at these facilities will be raised to 90%. Components that have been shipped from Japan to the company's offshore plants will be increasingly switched to those made locally or in other low-cost countries. In China, where the company currently procures about 70% of components locally, Yutaka is expecting to heighten the percentage to nearly 100%, while starting to supply such components to its production bases in North America and other regions. Given political risks, however, the company intends to position its Thai facility as a substitute for the China plant to maintain cost advantages.

Calsonic Kansei

  • Nissan Motor accounts for approximately 50% of the company's overall sales.
  • The company developed an Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR) cooler for passenger vehicles and started supplying the product to Fuji Heavy Industries, Ltd. (FHI: the maker of Subaru automobiles). The EGR cooler was initially chosen for Subaru XV hybrid, but later it was also selected for FHI's other new gasoline-fueled models. The company regards the EGR cooler as a promising product, and will propose it to new customers.
  • The company produces exhaust systems and components, including exhaust manifold converter, under floor converter and mufflers.
  • On December 25, 2013, it raised its stake in Siam Calsonic, which produces heat exchangers and exhaust products in Thailand, from 49% to 51%, making it a consolidated subsidiary.

Sango

  • The company manufactures exhaust systems mainly for Toyota and Daihatsu, being the largest supplier of mufflers to Toyota and Daihatsu.
  • Overseas, it has long been supplying exhaust systems to Toyota U.S.A. from its local facilities. It also has production facilities in China, Thailand and Turkey.

Sankei Giken Kogyo

  • It is a main supplier to Honda Motor. Motorcycle products account for a larger portion of the company's overall sales.

Sakamoto Industry

  • The company accounts for almost all of the exhaust products supplied to Fuji Heavy Industries (Subaru).

Hirotec

  • The company accounts for almost all of the exhaust products supplied to Mazda. It has production facilities in Nanjing and Changchun, China, for supply to Changan Mazda.

Sankei Industry

  • The company manufactures exhaust systems mainly for Mazda and Mitsubishi. It is 31.2% owned by Futaba Industrial.

Aisin Takaoka

  • Aisin Takaoka, a metal casting manufacturer in Aisin Seiki Group, produces exhaust modules that combine exhaust manifolds and catalytic converters. It supplies to Japanese carmakers, including Toyota and Nissan.

Toyota Nissan Honda Mazda Mitsubishi Subaru Daihatsu Suzuki
Futaba Industrial X X X X X X X X
Yutaka Giken X X
Calsonic Kansei X
Sango X X X X X X X
Sakamoto Industry X X
Sankei Giken Kogyo X
Hirotec X X X X
Sankei Industry X X X
Aisin Takaoka X X

Exhaust pipe, Muffler, Catalytic converter, Exhaust manifold



III. Major supply agreements on Japanese-made vehicles

Toyota: Japanese-made vehicle

Model Original model Exhaust pipe Muffler Catalytic converter
86 Sakamoto Industry Sakamoto Industry Sakamoto Industry
4Runner Sango Sango Sango
Allion Sango
Futaba Industrial
Sango
Futaba Industrial
Sango
Alphard Sango Sango
Auris Sango
Futaba Industrial
Sango
Futaba Industrial
Sango
bB Sango Sango
Camry Hybrid Futaba Industrial Futaba Industrial Futaba Industrial
Century Sango Futaba Industrial
Coaster Futaba Industrial Futaba Industrial Sango
Corolla Axio Sango Sango
Futaba Industrial
Sango
Corolla Fielder Futaba Industrial Sango
Futaba Industrial
Sango
Corolla Rumion Sango
Futaba Industrial
Sango
Futaba Industrial
Sango
Crown Athlete Sango Sango Sango
Crown Athlete Hybrid Sango Sango
Crown Majesta Sango Sango
Crown Royal Sango Sango Sango
Crown Royal Hybrid Sango Sango
Dyna (Hino "Dutro") Sango
Futaba Industrial
Sango
Futaba Industrial
Sango
Estima Sango Sango
Estima Hybrid Sango Sango
FJ Cruiser Sango Sango Sango
Harrier Futaba Industrial Futaba Industrial
Harrier Hybrid Futaba Industrial Futaba Industrial
Hiace Sango Sango Sango
iQ Sango Sango Sango
Isis Sango Sango
Futaba Industrial
Sango
ist Sango
Futaba Industrial
Sango Sango
Land Cruiser Futaba Industrial Futaba Industrial
Land Cruiser Prado Sango Sango Sango
Lexus CT200h Sango Sango Sango
Lexus ES350 Sango Sango Sango
Lexus GS250 Sango Sango Sango
Lexus GS300h Sango
Lexus GS350 Sango Sango Sango
Lexus GS450h Sango
Lexus GX460 Futaba Industrial Sango Sango
Lexus HS250h Sango Futaba Industrial
Lexus IS C Futaba Industrial Futaba Industrial Futaba Industrial
Lexus IS F Futaba Industrial Futaba Industrial
Lexus IS250 Futaba Industrial Futaba Industrial
Lexus IS300h Futaba Industrial Futaba Industrial
Lexus IS350 Futaba Industrial Futaba Industrial
Lexus LS460 Futaba Industrial Futaba Industrial
Lexus LS600h Futaba Industrial Futaba Industrial
Lexus LX570 Futaba Industrial Futaba Industrial
Lexus RX270 Futaba Industrial Futaba Industrial Futaba Industrial
Lexus RX350 Futaba Industrial Futaba Industrial Futaba Industrial
Lexus RX450h Futaba Industrial Futaba Industrial
Mark X Futaba Industrial Futaba Industrial
Mark X Zio Sango
Futaba Industrial
Sango
Futaba Industrial
Sango
Futaba Industrial
Noah Sango Sango Sango
Passo Sango Sango Sango
Pixis Epoch (Daihatsu "Mira e:S") Hirotec Hirotec
Pixis Space (Daihatsu "Move Conte") Futaba Industrial Sango
Futaba Industrial
Pixis Truck (Daihatsu "Hijet Truck") Sango Sango Sango
Pixis Van (Daihatsu "Hijet Cargo") Sango Sango
Porte Futaba Industrial Futaba Industrial
Premio Sango
Futaba Industrial
Sango
Futaba Industrial
Sango
Prius Futaba Industrial Futaba Industrial Futaba Industrial
Prius PHV Futaba Industrial Futaba Industrial Futaba Industrial
Prius α Futaba Industrial Futaba Industrial
Probox Van Sango Sango Sango
Probox Wagon Sango Sango Sango
Ractis Futaba Industrial Sango Sango
RAV4 Futaba Industrial Futaba Industrial
Regius Ace Sango Sango Sango
Rush (Daihatsu "Be-go") Futaba Industrial Futaba Industrial
SAI Futaba Industrial Futaba Industrial
Scion tC Futaba Industrial Futaba Industrial
Scion xB Sango Sango Sango
Sienta Futaba Industrial Futaba Industrial
Spade Futaba Industrial Futaba Industrial
Succeed Van Sango Sango Sango
Succeed Wagon Sango Sango Sango
Toyoace (Hino "Dutro") Sango Sango Sango
Vellfire Sango Sango Sango
Vellfire Hybrid Sango
Vitz Sango
Futaba Industrial
Sango
Futaba Industrial
Sango
Voxy Sango Sango Sango
Wish Sango
Futaba Industrial
Sango
Futaba Industrial
Sango

Nissan: Japanese-made vehicle

Model Original model Exhaust pipe Muffler Catalytic converter
AD Sango
AD Expert Sango
Cima Hybrid Calsonic Kansei Futaba Industrial Calsonic Kansei
Cube Sango
Dualis Sango
Elgrand Futaba Industrial
Fuga Futaba Industrial
Fuga Hybrid Futaba Industrial
GT-R Futaba Industrial
Infiniti EX35 Calsonic Kansei Calsonic Kansei Calsonic Kansei
Infiniti G25 Calsonic Kansei
Infiniti G35 Calsonic Kansei Futaba Industrial Calsonic Kansei
Infiniti G37 Calsonic Kansei Calsonic Kansei Calsonic Kansei
Infiniti G37 Convertible Calsonic Kansei
Infiniti G37S Coupe Calsonic Kansei
Infiniti Hybrid Calsonic Kansei Futaba Industrial Calsonic Kansei
Infiniti M37 Calsonic Kansei Futaba Industrial Calsonic Kansei
Infiniti M56 Calsonic Kansei Futaba Industrial Calsonic Kansei
Infiniti Q70L Calsonic Kansei
Infiniti QX56 Futaba Industrial Calsonic Kansei
Juke Sango
Note Futaba Industrial Sango
NV200 Vanette Futaba Industrial Sango
NV350 Caravan Calsonic Kansei
Quest Futaba Industrial Calsonic Kansei
Serena Sango
Skyline Futaba Industrial
Skyline Hybrid Calsonic Kansei
Tiida Latio Sango
Vanette Truck (Mazda "Bongo Truck") Sankei Industry Sankei Industry Sankei Industry
Vanette Van (Mazda "Bongo Van") Sankei Industry Sankei Industry Sankei Industry
Wingroad Sango
X-Trail Sango

Honda: Japanese-made vehicle

Model Original model Exhaust pipe Muffler Catalytic converter
Accord Sankei Giken Kogyo Sankei Giken Kogyo
Yutaka Giken
Yutaka Giken
Accord Hybrid Sankei Giken Kogyo Sankei Giken Kogyo (Presilencer)
Yutaka Giken
Yutaka Giken
Accord Tourer Sankei Giken Kogyo
Yutaka Giken
Yutaka Giken
Acty Truck Yutaka Giken Yutaka Giken
Acty Van Yutaka Giken Yutaka Giken
Civic Hybrid Sankei Giken Kogyo Sankei Giken Kogyo Yutaka Giken
CR-V Yutaka Giken Yutaka Giken
CR-Z Yutaka Giken Yutaka Giken
Fit Yutaka Giken Yutaka Giken Yutaka Giken
Fit Hybrid Yutaka Giken Yutaka Giken
Fit Shuttle Sankei Giken Kogyo Sankei Giken Kogyo
Yutaka Giken
Yutaka Giken
Fit Shuttle Hybrid Yutaka Giken Yutaka Giken
Freed Sankei Giken Kogyo Sankei Giken Kogyo Yutaka Giken
Freed Hybrid Sankei Giken Kogyo Sankei Giken Kogyo Yutaka Giken
Freed Spike Sankei Giken Kogyo Sankei Giken Kogyo Yutaka Giken
Freed Spike Hybrid Sankei Giken Kogyo Yutaka Giken
Insight Yutaka Giken Yutaka Giken
Life Sankei Giken Kogyo Sankei Giken Kogyo Yutaka Giken
N BOX Sankei Giken Kogyo Sankei Giken Kogyo Yutaka Giken
N-ONE Sankei Giken Kogyo Sankei Giken Kogyo Yutaka Giken
N-WGN Sankei Giken Kogyo Sankei Giken Kogyo Yutaka Giken
Odyssey Sankei Giken Kogyo Yutaka Giken Yutaka Giken
Step WGN Yutaka Giken Yutaka Giken
Stream Sankei Giken Kogyo Sankei Giken Kogyo Yutaka Giken
Vamos Yutaka Giken Yutaka Giken
Vamos Hobio Futaba Industrial Yutaka Giken
Vezel Yutaka Giken Yutaka Giken

Mazda: Japanese-made vehicle

Model Original model Exhaust pipe Muffler Catalytic converter
Atenza Sankei Industry Sankei Industry
Atenza Sport Wagon Sankei Industry Sankei Industry
Axela Sankei Industry Sankei Industry
Axela Hybrid Sankei Industry Sankei Industry
Axela Sport Sankei Industry Sankei Industry
AZ-Offroad (Suzuki "Jimny") Futaba Industrial
Bongo Truck Sankei Industry Sankei Industry Sankei Industry
Bongo Van Sankei Industry Sankei Industry Sankei Industry
CX-5 Hirotec Sankei Industry
Hirotec
Sankei Industry
Tokyo Roki
Familia Van (Nissan "AD") Sango
Roadster Tokyo Roki

Mitsubishi: Japanese-made vehicle

Model Original model Exhaust pipe Muffler Catalytic converter
Delica D:2 (Suzuki "Solio") Futaba Industrial Futaba Industrial
Delica D:3 (Nissan "NV200 Vanette") Sango
Delica D:5 Sankei Industry
Futaba Industrial
Sango
Delica Van (Nissan "NV200 Vanette") Sango
eK Space Sankei Industry Sankei Industry Sankei Industry
eK Wagon Sankei Industry Sankei Industry Sankei Industry
Galant Fortis Sankei Industry Sankei Industry
Futaba Industrial
Sankei Industry
Galant Fortis Sportback Sankei Industry
Futaba Industrial
Sankei Industry
Lancer Cargo (Nissan "AD") Sango
Lancer Evolution X Sankei Industry
Futaba Industrial
Sankei Industry
Minicab Truck (Suzuki "Carry") Sankei Industry
Minicab Van (Suzuki "Every") Sankei Industry
Outlander Sankei Industry Sankei Industry
Futaba Industrial
Futaba Industrial
Pajero Futaba Industrial Futaba Industrial
RVR Futaba Industrial
Citroen C-Crosser Futaba Industrial Futaba Industrial
Peugeot 4007 Futaba Industrial Futaba Industrial

Subaru: Japanese-made vehicle

Model Original model Exhaust pipe Muffler Catalytic converter
BRZ Sakamoto Industry Sakamoto Industry Sakamoto Industry
Dias Wagon (Daihatsu "Atrai Wagon") Sango Sango
Exiga Sakamoto Industry Sakamoto Industry Sakamoto Industry
Forester Sakamoto Industry Sakamoto Industry Sakamoto Industry
Impreza Sakamoto Industry Sakamoto Industry Sakamoto Industry
Impreza Sport Sakamoto Industry Sakamoto Industry Sakamoto Industry
Legacy B4 Sakamoto Industry Sakamoto Industry Sakamoto Industry
Legacy Outback Sakamoto Industry Sakamoto Industry Sakamoto Industry
Legacy Touring Wagon Sakamoto Industry Sakamoto Industry Sakamoto Industry
Lucra (Daihatsu "Tanto Exe") Futaba Industrial
Pleo (Daihatsu "Mira") Sango
Futaba Industrial
Pleo (Daihatsu "Tanto Exe") Sango
Pleo + (Daihatsu "Mira e:S") Hirotec
Pleo Van (Daihatsu "Mira Van") Sango Sango
Futaba Industrial
Sambar Truck (Daihatsu "Hijet Truck") Sango Sango Sango
Sambar Van (Daihatsu "Hijet Cargo") Sango Sango
Stella (Daihatsu "Move") Futaba Industrial
Trezia (Toyota "Ractis") Futaba Industrial Sango Sango
WRX STI Sakamoto Industry Sakamoto Industry Sakamoto Industry

Daihatsu: Japanese-made vehicle

Model Original model Exhaust pipe Muffler Catalytic converter
Altis (Toyota "Camry Hybrid") Futaba Industrial
Atrai Wagon Sango Sango
Be-go Futaba Industrial
Boon Sango Sango Sango
Coo Sango Sango
Hijet Cargo Sango Sango
Hijet Truck Sango Sango Sango
Mebius (Toyota "Prius α") Futaba Industrial
Mira Sango Sango
Futaba Industrial
Mira Cocoa Sango Sango
Futaba Industrial
Mira e:S Hirotec
Mira Van Sango Sango
Futaba Industrial
Move Futaba Industrial
Move Conte Sango Sango
Futaba Industrial
Tanto Futaba Industrial
Tanto Custom Futaba Industrial
Tanto Exe Sango Sango
Futaba Industrial
Tanto Exe Custom Sango Sango

Suzuki: Japanese-made vehicle

Model Original model Exhaust pipe Muffler Catalytic converter
Escudo Futaba Industrial Futaba Industrial
Jimny Sierra Futaba Industrial Futaba Industrial
Kizashi Futaba Industrial Futaba Industrial
Landy (Nissan "Serena") Sango
MR Wagon Yutaka Giken
Solio Futaba Industrial Futaba Industrial
Swift Futaba Industrial Futaba Industrial
Swift Sport Futaba Industrial
SX4 Futaba Industrial Futaba Industrial


IV. Sales of exhaust system suppliers

Sales on a consolidated basis
(billion yen) Overall sales Sales of exhaust systems & components
FY2011
(2012/3)
FY2012
(2013/3)
FY2013
(2014/3)
FY2011
(2012/3)
FY2012
(2013/3)
FY2013
(2014/3)
Futaba Industrial 372.0 365.2 399.3 N/A N/A N/A
Yutaka Giken 158.4 167.4 193.0 93.0
(Note 1)
99.8
(Note 1)
117.0
(Note 1)
Calsonic Kansei 782.2 760.8 918.6 N/A N/A N/A
Sango 327.4 351.4 394.1 N/A N/A N/A
Sakamoto Industry 41.0 47.5 54.5 N/A N/A N/A
Sankei Giken Kogyo N/A 85.4 90.4 N/A N/A N/A
Sankei Industry 21.1
(2012/6)
N/A
(2013/6)
24.6
(2014/6)
N/A N/A N/A
Aisin Takaoka 194.4 215.4 247.4 N/A N/A N/A

Note :

  1. Yutaka Giken's sales of exhaust systems and components do not include those for motorcycles.
  2. The fiscal year for the above Japanese companies except Sankei Industry starts in April and ends in March the following year.
    The fiscal year for Sankei Industry starts in July and ends in June the following year.

Source: Publicity materials by each company, interview findings by MarkLines, etc.



Major facilities: locations, ownership ratios and main customers

Country Company name Location Equity
ratio
Major products
Futaba Industrial
Asia
Japan Futaba Industrial, Kota Plant Kota (Aichi pref.) Mufflers, exhaust manifolds
Japan Futaba Industrial, Midori Plant Toyota (Aichi pref.) Exhaust manifolds, fuel inlet pipes
Japan Futaba Industrial, Tahara Plant Tahara (Aichi pref.) Mufflers
Japan Futaba Kyusyu Corp. Imari (Saga pref.)
Nogata (Fukuoka pref.)
100 Mufflers, exhaust manifolds
Japan Futaba Hiraizumi Corp. Hiraizumi (Iwate pref.) 100 Mufflers
China Futaba Changzhou Engineering & Marketing Changzhou 100 Manages the Group's operations in China
China Dongguan Futaba Metal Products Co., Ltd. Dongguan 100 Exhaust manifolds
China Tianjin Futaba Shye Chan Mechanical Co.,Ltd. Tianjin 51 Mufflers
China Tianjin Shuang Shye Mechanical Industrial Co.,Ltd. Tianjin 50 Mufflers
China Shenzhen Futaba Metal Products Co., Ltd. Shenzhen 100
(100)
Exhaust manifolds
China Changsha Futaba Auto Parts Co.,Ltd. Changsha 100 Mufflers
China Chongqing Futaba Auto Parts Co., Ltd. Chongqing Exhaust system parts
India FMI Automotive Components Ltd. Gurgaon (Haryana) 51 Exhaust pipes, mufflers, exhaust manifolds
Indonesia P.T. Komponen Futaba Nusapersada Bekasi 30 Mufflers, exhaust pipes
Indonesia P.T. Futaba Industrial Indonesia Bekasi 82 Exhaust manifolds
Taiwan Shye Shyang Mechanical Industrial Co., Ltd. Hsin Chu Hien 25 Exhaust pipes, mufflers
Americas
USA Futaba North America Engineering & Marketing Co. Bloomingdale (IL) 100 Manages the Group's operations in North America
USA FIC America Corp. Carol Stream (IL) 100 Mufflers, exhaust manifolds
Canada FIO Automotive Canada Corp. Stratford (Ontario) 100 Exhaust pipes, mufflers
Europe
Czech
Republic
Futaba Czech s.r.o. Havlickuv Brod 85 Exhaust systems
UK Futaba-Tenneco U.K. Ltd. Burnley (Lancashire) 51 Exhaust pipes
Yutaka Giken
Asia
Japan Yutaka Giken, Mie Plant Tsu (Mie pref.) Exhaust system parts
Japan Yutaka Giken, Ranzan Plant Ranzan (Saitama pref.) Exhaust system parts
Japan Yutaka Giken, Tochigi Development Center Sakura (Tochigi pref.) R&D
Japan Sumirex Hamamatsu (Shizuoka pref.) 100 Exhaust manifold pipes, exhaust manifold covers, muffler covers
China Foshan Fengfu Autoparts Co., Ltd. Foshan 65 Mufflers, pipe assembly, catalytic converters
China Wuhan Jin Feng Autoparts Co.,Ltd. Wuhan 80 Catalytic converters, mufflers, exhaust pipes
India Yutaka Autoparts India Private Limited Alwar (Rajasthan) 100 Catalytic converters, mufflers
Indonesia P.T. Yutaka Manufacturing Indonesia West Java 79.3 Mufflers
Philippines Yutaka Manufacturing (Philippines), Inc. Laguna 100 Catalytic converters
Thailand YS Tech (Thailand) Co., Ltd. Prachinburi 100
(35)
Catalytic converters, mufflers
Americas
Brazil Yutaka do Brasil Ltda. Jundiai-SP 100 Catalytic converters
USA Cardington Yutaka Technologies Inc. Cardington (OH) 100 Catalytic converters, mufflers
USA Alabama Cullman Yutaka Technologies, LLC Cullman (AL) 100
(100)
Mufflers
Mexico Yutaka Technologies de Mexico S.A. de C.V. Guanajuato 100 Automotive exhaust components
Europe
UK UYS Ltd. Cowley (Oxford) 56.7
(56.7)
Catalytic converters, mufflers
Calsonic Kansei
Asia
Japan Calsonic Kansei R&D Center Saitama (Saitama pref.)
Japan Calsonic Kansei Gumma Plant Ora (Gunma pref.) Exhaust systems, metal carriers
Japan Calsonic Kansei Oppama Plant Yokosuka (Kanagawa pref.) Exhaust systems
China Calsonic Kansei (China) Holding Company Shanghai 100 Manages the Group's operations in China
China Calsonic Kansei (Guangzhou) Components Corp. Guangzhou 100
(100)
Exhaust systems
China Calsonic Kansei (Shanghai) Corp. Shanghai 100 R&D
Korea Calsonic Kansei Korea Corp. Gimhae-City (Gyungnam) 84.9 Mufflers
Taiwan Chien Tai Industry Co., Ltd. Taoyuan Hsien 40 Mufflers
Thailand Calsonic Kansei (Thailand) Co., Ltd. Panthong (Chonburi) 100 Mufflers
Thailand Siam Calsonic Co., Ltd. Muang (Chonburi) 51 Mufflers
Americas
Mexico Calsonic Kansei Mexicana, S.A. de C.V. Aguascalientes 100
(100)
Exhaust systems
USA Calsonic Eberspaecher Exhaust Systems, Inc. Shelbyville (TN) 50
(50)
Exhaust systems
USA Calsonic Kansei North America, Inc. Shelbyville (TN) 100 Exhaust systems
USA Calsonic Kansei North America Technical Center Farmington Hills (MI) 100 R&D
Europe
UK Calsonic Kansei Europe plc. Llanelli (Carmarthenshire) 100
(100)
Exhaust systems
UK Calsonic Kansei Europe Technology Center Llanelli (Carmarthenshire) 100 Manages the Group's operations in Europe, R&D
Sango
Asia
Japan Sango, Fukuda Plant Miyoshi (Aichi pref.) Exhaust pipes, exhaust manifolds
Japan Sango, Toyota Plant Toyota (Aichi pref.) Exhaust pipes, exhaust manifolds
Japan Sango, Toyohashi Plant Toyohashi (Aichi pref.) Exhaust pipes, exhaust manifolds
Japan Sango, Technical Center/Yawatayama Plant Miyoshi (Aichi pref.) Exhaust pipes, exhaust manifolds
Japan Sanpuku Buzen (Fukuoka pref.) Exhaust manifolds, main mufflers
China Tianjin Sango Autoparts Co., Ltd. Tianjin 70.4 Exhaust pipes, exhaust manifolds
China Guangzhou Sango Autoparts Co., Ltd. Guangzhou 85 Exhaust pipes, exhaust manifolds
China Xiangyang Sango Automotive Parts Co., Ltd. Xiangyang (Hubei) Exhaust manifolds
India Sango India Automotive Parts Pvt. Ltd. Tamil Nadu Exhaust manifolds
Thailand YS Pund Co., Ltd. Bangpakong
(Chachoengsao)
74.3 Exhaust pipes, exhaust manifolds
Thailand SANGO Thai Automotive Parts Co.,Ltd. Amphur Banpho
(Chachoengsao)
Exhaust systems
Indonesia PT. Sango Indonesia Karawang Exhaust manifolds
Americas
USA Arvin Sango Inc. Madison (IN)
Campbellsburg (KY)
100 Exhaust pipes, mufflers
Canada Arvin Sango Canada, Inc. London Canada Exhaust pipes, exhaust manifolds
Europe
Turkey Sango Otomotiv Urunleri Sanayi Ve Ticaret A.S. Gebze (Kocaeli) 90 Exhaust pipes, exhaust manifolds
Sakamoto Industry
Asia
Japan Sakamoto Industry, Head office/Bessho Factory Ota (Gunma pref.)
Japan Sakamoto Industry, Niijima Factory Ota (Gunma pref.)
Taiwan Jui Li Enterprise Co., Ltd. Jenwu Shiang,
Kaohsiung Hsien
Taiwan Chin Tai Industry Co., Ltd.
Americas
USA ELSA L.L.C. Elwood (IN) 100 Exhaust pipes
Sankei Giken Kogyo
Asia
Japan Sankei Giken Kogyo,
Gunma Factory/Technical Center
Isesaki (Gunma pref.) Car engine parts (converter assembly, exhaust manifold assembly),
car exhaust system parts
(hydro-exhaust assembly, double pipe exhaust assembly)
Japan Sankei Giken Kogyo, Ano Factory Tsu (Mie pref.) Car parts (Metal) (exhaust system, muffler, EGR pipe)
Japan Sankei Giken Kogyo, Isesaki Factory Isesaki (Gunma pref.) Car engine parts (EGR pipe),
car exhaust system parts
(SLNCR exhaust assembly with caulking structure,
laser-welded & lightweight SLNCR exhaust assembly)
Japan Sankei Giken Kogyo, Hamamatsu Factory Hamamatsu (Shizuoka pref.) Car exhaust system parts (exhaust system, exhaust pipe, muffler)
Japan Sankei Giken Kogyo, Akabane Factory Akabane (Tokyo) Car, motorcycle, Generic plastic plating parts (muffler cover)
China Wuhan Sankei Minth Automotive Parts Co.,Ltd. Wuhan Exhaust systems
India Sankei Giken India Pvt. Ltd. Haryana Catalytic converters, pipe joints
Americas
USA Newman Technology, Inc. Mansfield (OH) 100 Automotive products
USA Newman Technology South Carolina, Inc. Aiken (SC) Automotive AVT products
Hirotec
Asia
Japan Hirotec Technical Research Institute Hiroshima (Hiroshima pref.)
Japan Hirotec, Hikari Plant Hikari (Yamaguchi pref.) Exhaust system parts
Japan Hirotec, Yuki Plant Hiroshima (Hiroshima pref.) Exhaust system parts
Japan Hirotec, Hofu Plant Hofu (Yamaguchi pref.) Exhaust system parts
Japan Hirotec, Asa Plant Hiroshima (Hiroshima pref.) Exhaust system parts
China Nanjing Hirotec Co., Ltd. Nanjing 90 Exhaust system parts
China Changchun Hirotec Co., Ltd. Changchun 90 Exhaust system parts
Thailand Hirotec Manufacturing (Thailand) Co., Ltd. Rayong Provinc Exhaust parts
Sankei Industry
Asia
Japan Sankei Industry Soja (Okayama pref.) Exhaust manifolds, catalytic converters, mufflers, exhaust pipes
Taiwan Shye Shyang Mechanical Industrial Co., Ltd. Technical assistance
Malaysia Automotive Industries Sdn. Bhd. Technical assistance
Malaysia United Vehicles Industries Sdn. Bhd. Technical assistance
Thailand Summit Auto Body Industry Co., Ltd. Technical assistance
Thailand Thai Summit Autoparts Industry Co.,Ltd. Technical assistance
Philippines Laguna Carparts Manufacturing,Inc. Technical assistance
Philippines Valerie Products Manufacturing,Inc. Technical assistance
Indonesia PT. Cipta Saksama Indonesia Technical assistance
China Shye Chan (Fujian) Mechanical Industrial Co., Ltd. Technical assistance
Indonesia P.T.Pamind TigaT Technical assistance
China Changsha Futaba Auto Parts Co., Ltd. Technical assistance
Thailand YMP Press & Dies (Thailand) Co., Ltd. Technical assistance

Note: In Equity ratio a number in brackets shows indirect ownership percentage through a subsidiary company and is included in the equity ratio.
In JV partners a subsidiary company is shown in brackets.