Tokyo Motor Show 2019: Toyota Exhibits an Array of EVs, FCVs, and Mobility Solutions
Ultra-compact EVs, next-gen Mirai, LQ, e-Palette, Gran Ace, new Yaris, Lexus LF-30, etc.
|The LF-30 Electrified Concept is the embodiment of the Lexus vision for electrification|
This report will cover Toyota Motor Corporation’s exhibitions at the Tokyo Motor Show 2019.
At Toyota’s main booth, not a single vehicle scheduled for release in 2020 could be found. Instead, the automaker hosted an entertainment show dubbed “mobility theme park,” where visitors could experience a futuristic environment. Showcased were the e-Palette, which is scheduled for use in the Tokyo 2020 Olympic and Paralympic Games, as well as several other futuristic experience elements such as the Toyota Micro Palette and the broom-shaped mobility solution e-broom.
Vehicles (scheduled) for commercial release, such as the Ultra-compact BEV, the next-generation Mirai, the LQ, the new Yaris, and the Gran Ace full-size wagon and more were displayed at the Toyota Auto Body Co., Ltd. booth adjacent to the mobility theme park, as well as at venues such as Venus Fort and Mega Web.
Lexus unveiled its vision for electrification, Lexus Electrified, and its LF-30 Electrified concept representing that vision. The LF-30 Electrified features four in-wheel motors and the Lexus Advanced Posture Control system using precise motors to realize an advanced and highly flexible degree of posture control which would be impossible in conventional gasoline-engine vehicles. Lexus aims to provide electric options for all its models by 2025, at which point it intends to sell more electric vehicles (including hybrids) than gasoline engine vehicles.
Toyota: Electrified vehicle plan pulled ahead 5 years to 5.5 million units by 2025（Jul. 2019）
Toyota: Hosting a “mobility theme park” at its main booth
The booth theme of the mobility theme park was “Play the Future.” At the back of the stage, a screen played videos of a mobility society of the future. The major mobility solutions featured are as follows:
- e-Palette: Scheduled for use in the Tokyo 2020 Olympic and Paralympic Games (see next section for details).
- TOYOTA Micro Palette: A compact delivery robot. Part of Toyota’s last mile mobility, which proposes a warm, futuristic solution to logistics.
- TOYOTA e-RACER: This vehicle represents the "fun to drive" element of the future. Wearing specialized digital glasses, visitors could enjoy a real-life experience of a racing course of their choosing, and customized seating to fit their body shape. When comparing future automobiles to horses, if shared mobility represents horse-drawn carriages, vehicles owned by individuals, such as the e-RACER, are more akin to beloved horses.
- e-broom:According to Toyota, “modeled after a broom used by a witch to fly through the air, this mobility platform integrates people and machines, allowing users to reaffirm the enjoyment of mobility.” While the broom can’t fly, users wear roller skates and are propelled by a motor in the broom.
- TOYOTA e-4me: The number 4 represents the English word “for.” The vehicle is a personal, autonomously driven hired-car, allowing passengers to use their travel time to do what they want by themselves, such as exercise, musical instrument practice, karaoke, or sleep.
- TOYOTA e-Chargeair: Equipped with a wireless battery charging system, this ride-share mobility service can provide a charge to other BEVs (battery electric vehicles) while traveling. It can supply electricity not only to cars but to the city itself, and is equipped with various functions, including an air purifier and Wi-Fi.
- TOYOTA e-Care: This mobility service allows a passenger to talk with a doctor while en route and also undergo a medical exam on their way to the hospital. This vehicle goes where it is needed, including a customer's home or other destinations.
Autono-MaaS-specific EV “e-Palette (Tokyo 2020 Olympic and Paralympic Games Spec)”
Toyota exhibited its Autono-MaaS (see note) EV, the e-Palette (Tokyo 2020 Olympic and Paralympic Games Spec), which will run in a loop at the athletes’ village during the Tokyo 2020 Olympic and Paralympic Games, providing transportation to athletes and staff.
(Note) Autono-MaaS is a term coined to describe a mobility service using autonomous vehicles that combines Autonomous Vehicles and Mobility-as-a-Service (MaaS).
Utilizing knowledge accumulated through the use of the e-Palette (Tokyo 2020 Spec), Toyota aims to evolve itself even further and continue development of the e-Palette to support a wide range of mobility services.
＜e-Palette (Tokyo 2020 Spec) vehicle overview＞
■Design that realizes comfortable transportation: The e-Palette incorporates a box-shaped design that is symmetrical in the front and rear, placing the tires on the four corners to secure a wide interior space.
■A package that pursues smooth boarding and exiting: Large sliding doors, a low floor, an electric slope, and precise arrival at stops help realize smooth boarding and exiting of multiple passengers, including wheelchair users.
■Low-speed autonomous driving considering the safety of the surroundings and passengers: Toyota's vehicle control platform is equipped with a specially developed automatic driving system (automatic driving control hardware and software, sensors such as cameras and LiDAR), which realizes low-speed automatic driving through the use of high-precision 3D maps and operation management (equivalent to SAE Level 4 autonomous driving). The system constantly monitors the vehicle's 360°-surroundings for obstacles and operates at the optimum speed according to the situation.
Main Specifications ("Tokyo 2020 Version")
|Length||width||Height||Wheelbase||No. of passengers||Range||Max Speed|
|5,255mm||2,065mm||2,760mm||4,000mm||Up to 20 (including one operator)
For wheelchairs up to 4 wheelchairs + 7 standing passengers
Introduction of Ultra-Compact BEVs and Walking Area EVs
The Ultra-compact BEV is scheduled for release around the winter of 2020. The vehicle was developed with the intent of being used by drivers who recently acquired a drivers’ license or elderly drivers for short distance use such as for their daily shopping needs. The vehicle is highly maneuverable, can be driven for roughly 100km on a single charge, and seats two.
Toyota held a test-ride event of the “Walking Area” EVs (standing type / seated type / wheelchair type) and the Toyota i-ROAD personal mobility concept vehicle at the “Open Road” linking the Ariake and Aomi areas.
In June 2019, Toyota announced the “EV business models being considered by Toyota” and expressed its idea for a new business model utilizing ultra-compact EVs in Japan.
The Ultra-compact BEV and Walking Area EVs have been developed for the following uses:
▽Ultra-Compact BEV Business Concept: Used for short-distances such as sales or routine trips that require repeated travel and parking. The Ultra-Compact BEV Concept Model for Business serves as a "mobile office" with three modes to support traveling, working and taking breaks using the vehicle. Toyota proposes this vehicle as one idea for how ultra-compact EVs can be accepted. The vehicle seats a single passenger. The release date is still TBD.
▽Walking Area EV Standing Type: Intended for use such as circulating or patrolling at large facilities such as airports and factories and traveling with hand luggage.
▽Walking Area EV Seated Type: The Walking Area BEV Seated Type provides mobility for people who are handling large amounts of luggage, or who may have difficulty walking.
▽Walking Area EV Wheelchair Type: Rented to manual wheelchair users at large facilities or tourist locations.
▽Toyota i-ROAD: The three-wheeled vehicle is condensed to the size of a motorcycle and has more stability, intended for use in short distances (last-mile urban commuting or tourism).
|The Ultra-compact BEV is slated for release in winter 2020. The vehicle seats two and can be driven for roughly 100 km.||The Ultra-compact EV Business Concept. The yellow area in the foreground is not a passenger seat, but rather a resting space.|
Specifications (based on internal measurements)
|Walking area BEV||Walking area BEV
|Walking area BEV
|Release||2020 winter||-||2020 winter||2021||2021||-|
|Capacity||2 people||1||1||1||1||1 or 2|
|Max speed||60km/h||60km/h||2, 4, 6, 10km/h
|2, 4, 6km/h
|2, 4, 6km/h
|Charging time||Approx. 5 hours (200V)||Approx. 5 hours (200V)||Approx. 2.5 hours (replaceable battery)||Approx. 2 hours (replaceable battery)||Approx. 2.5 hours (replaceable battery)||Approx. 3 hours|
☆See the report below for details on Toyota’s EV business model.
Toyota: Electrified vehicle plan pulled ahead 5 years to 5.5 million units by 2025（Jul. 2019）
Announcement of the LQ, which realizes the emotional bond between car and driver in a new era
Toyota announced the "LQ,” a concept vehicle that leverages advanced technologies such as artificial intelligence and autonomous driving to build an emotional bond between car and driver.
The vehicle carries over the “beloved car of the future” concept of the Toyota Concept-i exhibited at the CES show in January 2017 and is equipped with an AI agent developed jointly with the Toyota Research Institute, as well as autonomous driving capabilities. Toyota believes that transportation is not just about moving among locations, but moving your emotions, and hopes that it will change transportation itself into something that moves us, and that automobiles will continue to be a beloved industrial product. The name “LQ” expresses Toyota's hope that this vehicle will "cue" the development of future vehicles that will become beloved cars of a new generation.
|Toyota LQ||Interior of the LQ (source: Toyota)||New HMI (source:Toyota)|
The LQ is equipped with state-of-the-art technology:
- Mobility expert and AI agent Yui
Yui constantly monitors the driver and provides a personalized mobility experience based on the driver's emotional state and alertness. In addition to interactive voice communications, the system can adjust in-seat functions designed to increase alertness or reduce stress, in-vehicle illumination, air conditioning, fragrances and other human-machine interactions (HMI), as well as select and play music to provide a safe, secure, and comfortable experience.
- Technology related to a safe, secure, and comfortable travel experience
1) Autonomous driving
The vehicle is equipped with autonomous driving function (equivalent to SAE Level 4).
2) Unmanned autonomous valet parking system (jointly developed with Panasonic Corporation)
The autonomous parking feature uses an in-vehicle system that identifies the current position of the vehicle using multiple cameras, sonar and radar, 2D road mapping, cameras installed in the parking lot and a control center which all work in tandem to realize unmanned parking and exiting at parking lots.
3) AR-HUD ((jointly developed with Panasonic)
Augmented Reality (AR) is used to expand the information display area of the Head Up Display (HUD), supporting safe driving by reducing driver eye movement. Driving information such as lane warnings, road signs, and route guidance can be displayed in a three-dimensional and easy-to-understand manner over the scenery seen through the windshield.
4) Seat with alertness and relaxation functions (world-first) (Joint development with Toyota Boshoku Corporation)
LQ's advanced seating system consists of multiple inflatable air bladders embedded into the seat and an in-seat air conditioning system to help keep the driver awake or relaxed depending on the driving situation.
- Other advanced equipment and technology
1) New HMI functions
LQ uses the roof and floor mat areas, which were previously not areas where vehicles would exchange information with passengers, as an intuitive communications platform to share information between the vehicle and passengers. Embedded lighting displays different colors to indicate autonomous or manual driving mode, and lights up different footwells to indicate which passenger Yui is addressing. Moreover, LQ can also communicate information such as road surface conditions to people inside and outside of the vehicle using the Digital Micromirror Device (DMD) installed in its headlights. The system can activate one million tiny embedded mirrors to project complex figures and letters on the road ahead (see above right image).
2) In addition to the above, the LQ features organic EL (electro-luminescence) meter displays (Toyota’s first) and air purification paint (joint development with Aisin Chemical Co., Ltd. and Cataler Corporation).
LQ Main Specifications
|EV cruising range|
|4,530mm||1,840mm||1,480mm||2,700mm||4 persons||BEV||1,680kg||Approx. 300km|
Unveiling of the Mirai Concept, complete overhaul of the major specs starting with the FC system
Since Toyota released the first-generation Mirai in December 2014, it has not only opened the door to a hydrogen society, but also sold roughly 10,000 vehicles globally, and the automaker has since been engaged with popularizing fuel cell (FC) vehicles. The Mirai Concept is a model showcasing the final development stages of the next-generation Mirai, slated for release at the end of 2020.
By completely renewing the FC system, Toyota aims to greatly improve the vehicle’s performance as a fuel cell vehicle while increasing its hydrogen storage capacity, extending the vehicle’s driving range by 30%. Major specs have been overhauled from the current model as shown in the chart below.
The Mirai Concept was developed with a mindset that goes beyond that of the average environmentally friendly vehicle, pursuing a dynamism that evokes driving performance and styling with an emotional beauty that will be sure to turn heads.
The exterior of the vehicle realizes a low center of gravity and sleek styling thanks to the use of the TNGA platform (the same GA-L platform shared with the Lexus LS). Furthermore, large, 20-inch wheels grant the Mirai Concept a powerful, yet agile look.
Toyota paid special attention to detail, with the TNGA platform giving the vehicle a premium Details on the degree to which performance has increased are scheduled to be announced in the future. The production model of the Mirai Concept is scheduled for release in Japan, North America, and Europe at the end of 2020.
|5 people||Approx. 30% increase from the current generation|
|4 people||Approx. 650km|
Unveiling of the Gran Ace full-size wagon, scheduled for release in 2019
|Full-size wagon “Gran Ace”|
Toyota exhibited its new Gran Ace full-size wagon at the Toyota Auto Body booth. The vehicle proposes a premium and comfortable traveling space and is scheduled for release in 2019. The vehicle commands an outstanding presence with its length of 5.3 m and width of 1.97 m. It adopts a semi-bonnet package and is available as a three-row six-seater or a four-row eight-seater. The Gran Ace was developed with the intent of being used for pickups at hotels or airports.
The Gran Ace is driven by the front wheels and is equipped with a 2.8-liter clean diesel engine mated to a six-speed automatic transmission which delivers a smooth and torqueful driving experience from low revolutions.
The vehicle is positioned as a premium version of the Hiace Wagon (capable of seating ten passengers).
Main Specifications (Toyota internal measurements)
Minivan in the 2030s: PMCV (Personal multi compact vehicle) Concept
The PMCV Concept was showcased as a referential exhibit for the first time ever at the Toyota Auto Body booth. The vehicle’s seat layout can be arranged to seat one to seven passengers in eight different configurations depending on the number of people and type of luggage. The vehicle features sliding doors (on the passenger seat side) that open wide from the front to the rear and a glass hatch that opens upward, realizing an expansive space. All seats can also be stored away to create a large luggage space. The vehicle has a length of 4,600 mm.
Assuming fully automated driving, the PMCV Concept is a concept for minivans in the 2030s, such as the Noah/Voxy minivans two generations in the future.
|PMCV (Personal multi compact vehicle)||The wide, relaxing interior has eight different seat configurations|
World premiere of the new Yaris
|Yaris Hybrid Z（1.5L E-Four）|
Toyota unveiled the next-generation Yaris compact car, which is pleasant to drive and boasts global level high fuel efficiency and advanced safety and security technology. The Yaris is scheduled for release in Japan in mid-February 2020.
The Yaris is the first vehicle to feature the TNGA platform (GA-B) developed for compact vehicles, realizing a light, highly rigid body with a low center of gravity. The new Yaris is equipped with the newest powertrain featuring a 1.5-liter inline 3-cylinder Dynamic Force Engine based on the TNGA philosophy. The engine pursues the pleasure of driving as well as the world’s highest level of fuel efficiency for a hybrid vehicle.
Toyota is also offering E-Four (electric four-wheel drive system) for the first time on a compact car. The condensed, clutter-free cabin and compact form that extends from the center of the body to the front and rear wheels express an active dynamic design. Furthermore:
- "Advanced Park,” Toyota's advanced parking support system (a first on a Toyota vehicle), and the latest Toyota Safety Sense, which now detects oncoming cars (a first on a Toyota vehicle) when turning right at an intersection and pedestrians crossing the street when turning right or left, help improve safety and security.
- Enhanced comfort and convenience features include "Turn Tilt Seats" (a first on a Toyota vehicle) which facilitate entering and exiting the vehicle, Display Audio (standard on all models) which can connect with smartphones, and an accessory power outlet available on hybrid versions.
Unveiling of the Lexus LF-30 Electrified Concept
|LEXUS LF-30 Electrified Concept|
Lexus revealed its “Lexus Electrified” electrification strategy for its future vehicles, and also debuted its LF-30 Electrified, an EV concept car that embodies the brand’s vision for electrification.
Lexus will continue to develop products of HVs, PHVs, EVs, and FCVs to meet the demands and infrastructure conditions of various regions around the world and expand its lineup. By 2025, the brand aims to provide electric versions for all its models and sell more electric vehicles than gasoline engine vehicles. As for its short-term plans, Lexus is scheduled to announce its first EV in November 2019 and release a PHV or EV-exclusive model in the first half of the 2020s.
Main features of the LF-30 Electrified
The LF-30 Electrified features the "Lexus Advanced Posture Control," a new technology that fuses electrification technology and motion control technology. With precise motor control, the system realizes an advanced posture control with a high degree of freedom that is impossible with conventional gasoline engine vehicles.
Lexus Advanced Posture Control technology is one of the core technologies of the Lexus Electrified vision and will be widely implemented in Lexus electric vehicles scheduled for release in the future, which includes hybrid vehicles.
Furthermore, In-wheel electric motors for each of the vehicle's four wheels and low positioning of the battery enable better handling of inertia and high-level driving performance. Looking ahead to 2030, the LF-30 also features chauffeur mode and guardian mode autonomous driving technology. The LF-30 Electrified also carries the ”Lexus Airporter” drone-technology support vehicle. Using autonomous control, the Lexus Airporter is capable of such tasks as independently transporting baggage from a household doorstep to the vehicle's luggage area.
The cockpit of the LF-30 Electrified was designed based on the new Lexus concept of "Tazuna". Inspired by how a single rein can be used to achieve mutual understanding between horse and rider, the steering controller-mounted switches and head-up display have been coordinated to a high degree, creating a space that enables the driver to focus on driving while controlling various functions, such as the navigation and audio system and driving-mode selection, without having to shift his/her vision or operate complicated switches. The LF-30 Electrified also employs next-generation interfaces, such as gesture control and enhanced presentation of vehicle information through AR. The resulting interior is one that provides comfort and convenience for both driver and passengers.
The LF-30 Electrified is also equipped with steer-by-wire technology and wireless charging capabilities.
Lexus LF-30 Electrified main specifications
Lexus LC Convertible Concept
|Lexus LC Convertible Concept|
The Lexus LC Convertible Concept was developed as part of the new luxurious lifestyle Lexus proposes, and alongside the coupe model, aims to provide an experience suitable for the pinnacle of Lexus’s lineup.
In July 2019, a prototype vehicle made its global debut at the Goodwood Festival of Speed 2019, held in Sussex, U.K.
Toyota, Tokyo Motor Show 2019, Ultra-compact EV, Mirai Concept, LQ, e-Palette, Yaris Concept, Gran Ace, LEXUS LF-30 Electrified Concept
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