Japanese OEM global production marks a record high in 2012

A gradual kickoff for 2013 through the first quarter

2013/05/21

Summary

 The 12 Japanese OEMs produced a record high of 25.8 million vehicles worldwide in 2012,, up 18.3% y/y. Their Japanese production recovered from the influence of the Great East Japan Earthquake to 9.94 million units, up substantially by 18.4%, but it slightly missed the 10 million-mark.

 Overseas production grew by 18.3% to a record high of 15.8 million units. Production is currently expanding in Asia, North America, and Central and South America. In particular, the ratio of production in Asia has been increasing and accounts for 33.0% in the global production in 2012, which is close to 38.6% in Japan.

 Because of recovery in production in Japan, exports from Japan increased mainly to North America by 7.5% to 4.8 million units.

 In January-March 2013, the eight Japanese passenger car manufacturers produced 6.3 million units worldwide, down 4.9% y/y. Their Japanese production fell by 14.4% to 2.3 million units while overseas production grew by 1.4% to 4.1 million units. The three major OEMs, Toyota, Nissan, and Honda, each reduced production volume, whereas Mazda, Mitsubishi, and Subaru boosted production volume.

Japanese OEMs' production by regions (2006 vs. 2012)
2007 2012

Production, sales in Japan, and export from Japan by Japanese OEMs

(units)
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
Japanese production 11,482,123 11,593,857 11,573,165 7,933,512 9,627,407 8,396,520 9,940,678
Overseas production 10,972,243 11,859,761 11,651,554 10,117,520 13,181,462 13,382,390 15,825,398
Global Production 22,454,366 23,453,618 23,224,719 18,051,032 22,808,869 21,778,910 25,766,076
Sales in Japan 5,739,506 5,353,648 5,082,235 4,609,256 4,956,136 4,210,220 5,369,721
Exports from Japan 5,966,672 6,550,173 6,727,091 3,616,168 4,841,460 4,464,413 4,801,191
Sources: Japan Automobile Manufacturers' Association (JAMA) News Release and OEMs' press releases

Eight OEMs' production between January - March 2013

(units)
Japanese production Overseas production Global Production
2012 2013 2012 2013 2012 2013
Jan.-Mar. Jan.-Mar. Jan.-Mar. Jan.-Mar. Jan.-Mar. Jan.-Mar.
Toyota 1,006,773 882,800 1,385,322 1,337,254 2,392,095 2,220,054
Nissan 308,704 220,596 1,001,380 989,357 1,310,084 1,209,953
Honda 334,104 180,830 749,656 846,844 1,083,760 1,027,674
Suzuki 270,122 252,376 524,267 527,110 794,389 779,486
Mazda 212,428 246,007 96,580 73,547 309,008 319,554
Mitsubishi 153,371 124,641 132,872 173,787 286,243 298,428
Daihatsu 213,501 196,570 55,605 56,694 269,106 253,264
Subaru 142,929 157,470 53,060 49,461 195,989 206,931
8 OEM total 2,641,932 2,261,290 3,998,742 4,054,054 6,640,674 6,315,344

Source: Preliminary reports by the OEMs' Public Relations

Related report: New vehicle sales in Japan expected to drop by 11.7% in 2013 (February, 2013)



Japanese production: increases by 18.4% to 9.9 million units in 2012, while it falls by 14.4% to 2.3 million units in the January-March period of 2013

 The 12 Japanese OEMs produced 9.9 million vehicles in Japan in 2012, up 18.4% y/y. This is because, in 2011, their production in Japan declined due to the influence of the Great East Japan Earthquake which occurred in March, and then production increased until September 2012 due to the government's incentives program (December 2011 - September 2012).

 Honda recovered production in 2012, up 44.8%, because the company reduced production significantly in 2011 due to the Earthquake and the flood in Thailand but enjoyed strong sales of new mini vehicles in 2012. Toyota, Daihatsu, Subaru, and Hino also substantially increased production. In contrast, Mitsubishi reduced production as much as 14.6% y/y. This is because Mitsubishi suffered slumping sales in Japan and sluggish exports to Europe.

 In the October-December 2012 period, Japanese production fell significantly by 12.7% to 2.3 million units after the government's incentives ended. In January-March 2013, production in Japan declined by 14.0% y/y to 2.4 million units. Mazda, which enjoyed strong sales of the CX-5/Atenza, and Subaru, which enjoyed favorable sales of the Impreza/Forester, each boosted production by more than 10% y/y. Honda's production in Japan fell by 45.9% y/y to 181,000 units in January-March because Honda's production volume was particularly high in the same period a year earlier and production of the CR-V for North America was transferred to the US.

Japanese OEMs' production in Japan (JAMA tabulation)

(units)
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Changes
in 2012
Toyota 4,194,188 4,226,137 4,012,388 2,792,274 3,282,855 2,760,028 3,492,913 26.6%
Nissan 1,234,400 1,179,080 1,293,082 894,575 1,133,667 1,112,995 1,148,265 3.2%
Honda 1,332,866 1,331,845 1,264,381 840,924 992,502 710,621 1,029,313 44.8%
Suzuki 1,206,805 1,218,297 1,218,235 908,302 1,078,242 949,799 1,061,863 11.8%
Mazda 966,547 995,511 1,078,690 717,175 912,836 813,302 845,550 4.0%
Mitsubishi 758,478 846,083 853,943 426,530 660,105 603,594 515,168 (14.6%)
Daihatsu 791,291 786,601 793,257 684,255 665,177 609,657 774,406 27.0%
Subaru 482,283 475,850 524,916 408,399 491,932 418,545 570,173 36.2%
8 OEMs total 10,966,858 11,059,404 11,038,892 7,672,434 9,217,316 7,978,541 9,437,651 18.3%
Isuzu 230,807 240,287 253,913 120,110 203,716 201,701 241,247 19.6%
Hino 100,122 106,893 106,216 66,670 99,311 113,788 152,839 34.3%
Mitsubishi Fuso 141,503 141,280 126,184 54,467 76,593 79,154 87,086 10.0%
UD Trucks 42,833 45,993 47,960 19,831 30,471 23,336 21,855 (6.3%)
12 OEMs total 11,482,123 11,593,857 11,573,165 7,933,512 9,627,407 8,396,520 9,940,678 18.4%

Source: JAMA News Release

 

(Reference) 2011 quarterly production in Japan and growth rate

(units)
2011 2012 2013
Jan.-Mar. Apr.-Jun. Jul.-Sep. Oct.-Dec. Jan.-Mar. Apr.-Jun. Jul.-Sep. Oct.-Dec. Jan.-Mar.
Toyota 647,092 410,920 824,091 877,925 1,006,773 862,244 874,881 749,015 882,800
Nissan 222,873 226,619 313,179 350,324 308,704 269,735 287,788 282,038 220,596
Honda 174,270 92,203 202,031 242,117 334,104 253,113 230,071 212,025 180,830
Suzuki 199,465 198,721 275,933 275,680 270,122 284,672 260,122 246,947 252,376
Mazda 179,156 177,635 231,758 224,753 212,428 207,318 204,618 221,186 246,007
Mitsubishi 171,105 133,563 148,391 150,535 153,371 124,276 127,031 110,490 124,641
Daihatsu 133,247 121,860 161,270 193,280 213,501 208,044 190,882 161,979 196,570
Subaru 93,469 77,739 100,257 147,080 142,929 136,552 135,987 154,705 157,470
8 OEM total 1,820,677 1,439,260 2,256,910 2,461,694 2,641,932 2,345,954 2,311,380 2,138,385 2,261,290
Isuzu 44,088 41,919 55,396 60,298 65,009 59,825 55,047 61,366 62,275
Hino 22,710 23,392 32,210 35,476 39,820 38,143 38,011 36,865 37,048
Mitsubishi Fuso 13,273 13,434 26,337 26,110 20,433 23,079 22,623 20,951 21,491
UD Trucks 4,500 5,805 6,589 6,367 6,026 6,312 5,192 4,325 3,289
12 OEM total 1,905,248 1,523,810 2,377,442 2,589,945 2,773,220 2,473,313 2,432,253 2,261,892 2,385,393

 

2011 2012 2013
Jan.-Mar. Apr.-Jun. Jul.-Sep. Oct.-Dec. Jan.-Mar. Apr.-Jun. Jul.-Sep. Oct.-Dec. Jan.-Mar.
Toyota (30.1%) (47.4%) (0.8%) 18.0% 55.6% 109.8% 6.2% (14.7%) (12.3%)
Nissan (21.5%) (14.8%) 1.5% 27.4% 38.5% 19.0% (8.1%) (19.5%) (28.5%)
Honda (31.5%) (61.0%) (19.2%) (3.7%) 91.7% 174.5% 13.9% (12.4%) (45.9%)
Suzuki (29.6%) (26.5%) (0.1%) 11.2% 35.4% 43.3% (5.7%) (10.4%) (6.6%)
Mazda (20.4%) (20.3%) (1.3%) (2.3%) 18.6% 16.7% (11.7%) (1.6%) 15.8%
Mitsubishi 1.9% (3.6%) (19.3%) (11.3%) (10.4%) (7.0%) (14.4%) (26.6%) (18.7%)
Daihatsu (25.7%) (26.1%) (3.2%) 25.4% 60.2% 70.7% 18.4% (16.2%) (7.9%)
Subaru (26.2%) (36.2%) (18.3%) 21.8% 52.9% 75.7% 35.6% 5.2% 10.2%
8 OEM total (25.6%) (34.7%) (4.9%) 12.2% 45.1% 63.0% 2.4% (13.1%) (14.4%)
Isuzu (4.6%) (17.5%) 3.4% 13.5% 47.5% 42.7% (0.6%) 1.8% (4.2%)
Hino (3.7%) (3.6%) 26.0% 37.0% 75.3% 63.1% 18.0% 3.9% (7.0%)
Mitsubishi Fuso (22.5%) (18.4%) 16.8% 27.5% 53.9% 71.8% (14.1%) (19.8%) 5.2%
UD Trucks (32.6%) (30.8%) (13.7%) (17.7%) 33.9% 8.7% (21.2%) (32.1%) (45.4%)
12 OEM total (25.0%) (33.8%) (4.3%) 12.6% 45.6% 62.3% 2.3% (12.7%) (14.0%)

 

 



Overseas production: registers a record high of 15.8 million units in 2012. Production in Asia, North America, Central and South America grows

 In 2012, overseas production (Japanese brand vehicles) by Japanese OEMs increased by 18.3% y/y to a record high of 15.8 million units. In North America, where the Japanese OEMs enjoy particularly strong sales, production volume increased by 38.6% 4.3 million units, which exceeded the level before the recession. Production in Asia also increased; in 2012, production in the region grew by nearly 1 million units from 2011 to 8.5 million units. If production continues to grow at this pace, production in Asia will match production in Japan (9.9 million units in 2012) in the near future. In addition, in recent years, Central and South America (including Mexico and Brazil), into which Japanese OEMs are currently expanding, production in 2012 grew by 19.9% to 1.2 million units.

 When Japanese OEMs' ratio of production by region is compared between 2006 and 2012, production in Japan, which accounted for 51.1% in 2006, continued to decline to 38.6% in 2012 as overseas production, particularly in Asia, expanded. The production in Asia expanded from 18.4% in 2006 to 33.0% in 2012. The production in North America accounted for 17.8% of the total production in 2006, which fell to 14.1% in 2011, but recovered to 16.5% in 2012.

 

Japanese OEMs' overseas production by region (JAMA's tally for Japanese brand vehicles)

(units)
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
Asia 4,129,856 4,523,751 4,877,074 5,145,418 7,114,097 7,545,889 8,502,741
Middle East 11,400 3,342 0 0 0 0 0
Europe 1,702,836 1,976,407 1,876,109 1,228,294 1,356,126 1,410,628 1,484,110
(EU) 1,509,402 1,789,875 1,693,151 1,136,145 1,250,226 1,302,277 1,383,583
North America 4,001,639 4,049,068 3,576,246 2,687,527 3,402,948 3,068,978 4,253,871
(USA) 3,281,073 3,324,326 2,893,466 2,108,161 2,666,084 2,422,151 3,324,705
Central and South America 745,827 895,099 920,738 790,794 982,342 1,029,511 1,234,584
Africa 259,050 252,384 257,646 168,651 206,476 233,709 248,711
Oceania 121,635 159,710 143,741 96,836 119,473 93,675 101,381
Total 10,972,243 11,859,761 11,651,554 10,117,520 13,181,462 13,382,390 15,825,398
Source: JAMA News Release
(Note) 1. Mexico is included in Central and South America. Turkey is included in Europe.
2. In principle, production volume of Japanese brand vehicles up to 2006 are tabulated on a basis of export volume of parts for overseas production. The tabulation from 2007 includes vehicles which rolled off from production lines at overseas local plants (own-brand vehicles which rolled off from production lines at their plants, joint venture or other plants in which Japanese OEMs have a stake in). The tabulation does not include vehicles supplied from other companies under OEM contracts and CKD/SKD assembled vehicles.

Regional composition

2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
Japan 51.1% 49.4% 49.8% 44.0% 42.2% 38.6% 38.6%
Asia 18.4% 19.3% 21.0% 28.5% 31.2% 34.6% 33.0%
Middle East 0.1% 0.0% 0.0% - - - -
Europe 7.6% 8.4% 8.1% 6.8% 5.9% 6.5% 5.8%
(EU) 6.7% 7.6% 7.3% 6.3% 5.5% 6.0% 5.4%
North America 17.8% 17.3% 15.4% 14.9% 14.9% 14.1% 16.5%
(USA) 14.6% 14.2% 12.5% 11.7% 11.7% 11.1% 12.9%
Central and South America 3.3% 3.8% 4.0% 4.4% 4.3% 4.7% 4.8%
Africa 1.2% 1.1% 1.1% 0.9% 0.9% 1.1% 1.0%
Oceania 0.5% 0.7% 0.6% 0.5% 0.5% 0.4% 0.4%
Overseas total 48.9% 50.6% 50.2% 56.0% 57.8% 61.4% 61.4%

 

 



Exports from Japan increases by 7.5% to 4.8 million units in 2012, while it declines by 11.1% to 1.1 million units in January-March 2013

 In 2012, exports from Japan recovered from the decline of production due to the influence of the Earthquake and grew by 7.5% y/y to 4.8 million units. Exports recovered to the 2010 level, but were short of about 1.9 million units compared to the peak year's, results, 6.7million in 2008.

 Exports to North America, where Japanese OEMs enjoy favorable sales, increased by 19.0% to 1.9 million units in 2012. By contrast, exports to Europe fell by 14.7% to 849,000 units. Exports to Asia declined by 0.3% to 571,000 units.

 Exports by commercial vehicle manufacturers except for UD Trucks registered a y/y growth of about 20%. Among passenger car manufacturers, three OEMs including Subaru, which registered record exports, and Toyota and Mazda each boosted their exports, whereas the other OEMs reduced their exports. In particular, Honda, Suzuki, and Daihatsu registered the lowest exports in the past 10 years.

 In January-March 2013, exports fell by 11.1% y/y to 1.1 million units. Exports declined to all the regions except for the Middle East and Africa. In particular, exports to North America, Asia, and Europe declined. Among OEMs, Mazda, Subaru, and Isuzu boosted their exports, while the other OEMs reduced their exports. Honda, Daihatsu, and UD Trucks have been reducing exports from Japan and the rate of decline of exports is increasing.

Japanese OEMs' Exports by region (JAMA tabulation)

(units)
2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Jan.-Mar.
2012
Jan.-Mar.
2013
Asia 440,920 525,081 378,840 576,440 572,417 570,576 154,138 123,398
Middle East 811,887 952,749 428,042 583,684 419,715 525,954 134,980 145,953
Europe 1,497,800 1,589,054 685,026 936,496 995,313 848,688 223,608 196,412
(EU) 919,421 812,163 542,215 568,508 521,804 401,286 104,154 82,428
North America 2,455,098 2,318,254 1,379,150 1,727,305 1,585,327 1,886,386 495,006 422,280
(USA) 2,215,451 2,068,062 1,202,732 1,531,026 1,426,833 1,698,152 429,785 369,635
Central and South America 569,945 517,900 244,196 396,499 358,375 346,860 93,186 87,898
Africa 330,978 351,762 145,131 188,644 148,599 168,306 43,222 47,416
Oceania 434,268 460,561 347,394 425,206 379,747 448,969 120,719 101,348
Total 6,550,173 6,727,091 3,616,168 4,841,460 4,464,413 4,801,191 1,266,790 1,126,170

Source: JAMA News Release
(Note) "Total" includes export to other regions.

Export volume by Japanese OEM (JAMA tabulation)

(units)
2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Jan.-Mar.
2012
Jan.-Mar.
2013
Toyota 2,666,464 2,586,338 1,444,758 1,745,038 1,568,941 1,945,688 498,118 475,506
Nissan 646,140 776,738 458,074 670,957 716,390 674,580 168,913 102,770
Honda 707,049 650,308 250,268 305,412 235,087 214,561 87,334 36,096
Suzuki 406,838 393,101 196,438 279,517 249,014 196,030 51,621 41,799
Mazda 802,976 881,518 559,826 729,939 650,577 671,790 166,370 197,188
Mitsubishi 572,313 604,841 232,224 448,856 438,033 366,248 111,039 90,029
Daihatsu 152,442 129,759 46,645 40,048 21,709 9,752 3,738 1,554
Subaru 250,515 326,492 254,549 328,389 298,328 379,356 95,402 99,432
8 OEM total 6,204,737 6,349,095 3,442,782 4,548,156 4,178,079 4,458,005 1,182,535 1,044,374
Isuzu 168,638 194,233 85,064 156,967 151,884 175,598 43,440 46,359
Hino 59,852 67,016 44,301 70,197 73,525 98,212 24,707 22,008
Mitsubishi Fuso 90,694 89,963 35,626 50,363 47,162 56,634 12,500 11,611
UD Trucks 26,019 26,784 8,395 15,777 13,763 12,742 3,608 1,818
12 OEM total 6,549,940 6,727,091 3,616,168 4,841,460 4,464,413 4,801,191 1,266,790 1,126,170

 

 



Passenger car manufacturers produce a record high of 24.7 million units in 2012, while production in January-March 2013 falls by 4.9% to 6.32 million units

 In 2012, the eight Japanese passenger car manufacturers produced a record high of 24.7 million units, up by 18.2% y/y. Production in Japan increased by 18.3% y/y to 9.44 million units, whereas overseas production grew by 18.1% y/y to a record high of 15.2 million units. Among OEMs, six OEMs except for Mazda and Mitsubishi posted a new record high.

 In the January-March period of 2013, the eight companies produced 6.3 million units, down by 4.9% y/y. Their production in Japan fell by 14.4% y/y to 2.3 million units while their overseas production increased by 1.4% y/y to 4.1 million units.

 Toyota reduced production by 7.2% y/y to 2.2 million units and Nissan by 7.6% to 1.2 million units. Honda's production fell by 5.2% y/y to 1.0 million units; its production in Japan declined substantially by 45.9% to only 180,000 units. In contrast, Mazda, Mitsubishi, and Subaru boosted their production compared to the same period a year earlier.

Japanese OEMs' production by region (according to their announcements)

(units)
2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Jan.-Mar.
2012
Jan.-Mar.
2013
Toyota North America 1,404,800 1,189,100 1,404,000 1,206,100 1,720,600 n.a. n.a.
Central and South America 194,800 181,500 204,300 195,100 242,800
Europe 688,300 507,300 461,700 460,300 461,400
Africa 179,200 102,800 123,400 150,800 151,700
Asia 1,590,000 1,501,400 2,027,400 2,062,800 2,565,700
Oceania 141,400 96,800 119,400 93,700 101,400
Overseas production 4,198,400 3,579,000 4,340,400 4,168,800 5,243,600 1,385,322 1,337,254
Japanese production 4,012,100 2,792,200 3,282,800 2,760,000 3,492,900 1,006,773 882,800
Total 8,210,500 6,371,300 7,623,300 6,928,800 8,736,500 2,392,095 2,220,054
Nissan USA 545,057 372,906 511,498 562,754 644,695 163,951 191,004
Mexico 450,968 355,414 506,490 607,087 683,661 186,019 175,037
UK 386,555 338,150 423,262 480,487 510,572 135,695 130,165
Spain 157,237 52,577 104,864 154,752 143,165 40,677 35,508
China 378,977 547,236 1,012,458 1,237,468 1,161,168 329,245 282,746
Others 182,954 183,704 361,462 476,832 597,853 145,793 174,897
Overseas production 2,101,748 1,849,987 2,920,034 3,519,380 3,741,114 1,001,380 989,357
Japanese production 1,293,082 894,575 1,133,667 1,112,995 1,148,265 308,704 220,596
Total 3,394,830 2,744,562 4,053,701 4,632,375 4,889,379 1,310,084 1,209,953
Honda North America 1,421,427 1,030,958 1,287,775 1,103,127 1,691,088 460,242 456,329
(USA) 987,169 723,375 954,502 823,650 1,219,326 335,717 333,854
Europe 230,423 75,583 139,264 97,459 165,606 42,416 47,315
Asia 858,537 911,728 1,069,046 902,115 1,058,614 212,485 302,337
(China) 517,571 601,920 676,515 646,208 617,399 170,637 151,040
Others 182,607 153,444 154,470 95,694 166,236 34,513 40,863
Overseas production 2,692,994 2,171,713 2,650,555 2,198,395 3,081,544 749,656 846,844
Japanese production 1,264,387 840,924 992,502 710,621 1,029,313 334,104 180,830
Total 3,957,381 3,012,637 3,643,057 2,909,016 4,110,857 1,083,760 1,027,674
Suzuki Europe 285,000 180,000 170,000 172,000 157,000 n.a. n.a.
North America 13,000 0 0 0 0
Asia 1,109,000 1,299,000 1,644,000 1,605,000 1,675,000
Overseas production 1,405,553 1,479,231 1,814,703 1,776,100 1,831,739 524,267 527,110
Japanese production 1,218,235 908,302 1,078,242 949,799 1,061,863 270,122 252,376
Total 2,623,788 2,387,533 2,892,945 2,725,899 2,893,602 794,389 779,486
Mazda Overseas production 270,584 266,692 394,704 352,289 343,733 96,580 73,547
Japanese production 1,078,690 717,175 912,836 813,302 845,550 212,428 246,007
Total 1,349,274 983,867 1,307,540 1,165,591 1,189,283 309,008 319,554
Mitsubishi Asia 300,699 272,170 415,388 435,797 496,823 108,449 145,527
North America 58,963 18,483 29,362 37,145 36,974 5,877 16,740
Europe 53,661 43,155 26,928 23,808 19,516 18,546 11,520
Others 46,101 34,343 41,003 39,988 41,250
Overseas production 459,424 368,151 512,681 536,738 594,563 132,872 173,787
Japanese production 853,943 426,530 660,104 603,594 515,168 153,371 124,641
Total 1,313,367 794,681 1,172,785 1,140,332 1,109,731 286,243 298,428
Daihatsu Overseas production 114,945 111,467 158,368 192,021 223,049 55,605 56,694
Japanese production 793,257 684,255 665,177 609,657 774,406 213,501 196,570
Total 908,202 795,722 823,545 801,678 997,455 269,106 253,264
Subaru Overseas production 91,581 82,953 158,022 161,716 184,783 53,060 49,461
Japanese production 524,916 408,399 491,932 418,545 568,537 142,929 157,470
Total 616,497 491,352 649,954 580,261 753,320 195,989 206,931
8 OEM
total
Overseas production 11,335,229 9,909,194 12,949,467 12,905,439 15,244,125 3,998,742 4,054,054
Japanese production 11,038,610 7,672,360 9,217,260 7,978,513 9,436,002 2,641,932 2,261,290
Total 22,373,839 17,581,554 22,166,727 20,883,952 24,680,127 6,640,674 6,315,344
Source: Preliminary reports by the OEMs' Public Relations
(Note) 1. The figures for Daihatsu are released from Toyota. They do not include Malaysian Perodua brand vehicles.
2. Japanese production is based on vehicles which rolled off from the manufacturers' production lines, including complete vehicles and CKDs. Overseas production, in principle, is the volume of the manufacturers' own-brand vehicles which rolled off from their production lines (except CKD volume).
3. Toyota's production data by region are round figures, so the regional total and the overseas production volume disagree.
4. Suzuki's production by region includes vehicles which the company supplies to other manufacturers on an OEM basis. The data are round figures, so the regional total and overseas production volume disagree.
5. Mitsubishi's overseas production excludes vehicles under a local brand in China from April 2012. The data for January-March 2012 excludes these local models.

 

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