New regulations on fuel economy in U.S. and compliance plans among OEMs (2)

Detroit Three plans fuel economy improvement: greater availability of compact vehicles and downsized

2011/11/02

Summary

 The MarkLines report "New regulations on fuel economy in U.S. and compliance plans among OEMs (1)" of October 21, 2011, outlined the U.S. regulations on CO2 emissions and fuel economy levels applicable to 2012-2016 MY light vehicles and reported their impact and fuel economy improving technologies that the automakers are likely to adopt to meet the regulations.

 See http://www.marklines.com/en/report/rep1014_201110 for details.


 This continuing report "New regulations on fuel economy in U.S. and compliance plans among OEMs (2)" reports the fuel economy improving technologies being adopted by the three U.S. automakers (GM, Ford, and Chrysler) on their vehicles sold in the United States.

 According to the governing agencies, the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), technologies that will help automakers achieve the 2016 MY regulations have already been developed or put to commercial application and the automakers should be able to meet the regulations by increasing application of those technologies. The automakers intend to adopt fuel economy improving technologies as applicable coinciding with their full remodeling or midterm minor remodeling schedules. Many of the effective technologies, such as the gasoline direct-injection engines, 6-speed DCT, and start-stop systems, are likely to be adopted in 2012-2013 in particular.


 GM will have small vehicles available in its Cadillac, Buick and GMC fleets in addition to the three small cars under the Chevrolet brand. GM is said to be developing 1.0 to 1.5L direct-injection turbo-charged engines. GM will increase availability of the eAssist mild hybrid system in its midsize and compact segments. GM plans to adopt 8-speed AT and four-mode hybrid system in its large-size SUV and pickup trucks.

 Ford plans to increase the use of the direct-injection, turbo-charged EcoBoost engines and 6-speed DCT (dual clutch transmission) to improve fuel economy while keeping the driving performance. Ford's 3-cylinder 1.0L EcoBoost engines, being adopted in Europe in 2012, will be introduced in the U.S. market as well. Ford has announced the Start-Stop system will be used in its vehicles sold in North America starting in 2012. The company is also eyeing the use of 7- and 8-speed AT.

 Chrysler is adopting Fiat's fuel saving technologies toward a significant transformation of its lineup, which is currently dominated by large-size vehicles, in two or three years.



Detroit Three's required fuel economy levels and predicted availability ratios of fuel economy improving technologies for 2012-2016 MY

 The fuel economy levels of passenger cars and light trucks required of the Detroit Three under the 2011 MY regulations and their prediction of CAFE (actual performance) are reported below along with their required fuel economy levels under the 2012-2016 MY regulations.

 The EPA and NHTSA have indicated their prediction regarding the adoption of fuel economy improving technologies among the American automakers in meeting the 2016 MY regulations.

Fuel economy Standards (mpg) of passenger cars required of Detroit Three under 2012-2016 MY regulations

2011 MY 2012 MY 2013 MY 2014 MY 2015 MY 2016 MY
Standards CAFE
GM (Note 1) (DP)29.9 31.6 32.7 33.5 34.2 35.4 36.9
(IP)30.8 31.0
Ford 29.8 32.3 32.9 33.7 34.4 35.6 37.1
Chrysler 28.3 29.7 32.6 33.3 34.1 35.2 36.7
Average (Note 2) 30.4 33.4 33.3 34.2 34.9 36.2 37.8
Source: Environmental Protection Agency/Department of Transportation (2010.5.7); standards and CAFE (actual performance) for MY 2011 taken from "Summary of Fuel Economy Performance" published by NHTSA on April 28. 2011.
(Notes) 1. "DP" and "IP" in GM's Standards and CAFE under 2011 MY represent "domestic passenger cars manufactured in North America" and "import passenger cars", respectively.
2. "Average" represents the average mpg values of all vehicles sold in the U.S. including those manufactured by non-American manufacturers. NHTSA monitors these values to make certain the level of 37.8 mpg (16.1 km/L) is achieved in 2016 MY.
Fuel economy Standards (mpg) required of Detroit Three for their light trucks under 2012-2016 MY regulations
2011 MY 2012 MY 2013 MY 2014 MY 2015 MY 2016 MY
Standards CAFE
GM 22.7 23.2 24.2 24.8 25.2 26.1 27.2
Ford 23.3 24.3 24.8 25.4 26.0 27.0 28.1
Chrysler 24.7 24.4 25.7 26.2 26.8 27.8 29.0
Average 24.4 24.8 25.4 26.0 26.6 27.5 28.8

 

Final penetration of fuel economy improving technologies on 2016 MY light vehicles (predicted by EPA/NHTSA)

(% of applicable vehicles to all vehicles sold by respective manufacturers)
GDI OHC-DEAC Turbo Diesel 6-Speed
auto trans
Dual Clutch
Transmission
Start-Stop Hybrid Mass
Reduction
GM 67 25 14 0 8 61 61 0 6
Ford 84 21 19 0 27 60 61 0 6
Chrysler 79 13 17 0 31 52 54 0 6
Overall 60 13 15 1 12 55 42 4 4

Source: Environmental Protection Agency/Department of Transportation (2010.5.7)
(Note) "Overall" indicates ratios among all vehicles sold in the United States by the Detroit Three and other manufacturers.

 



GM: Increasing small car lineup and availability of eAssist

 GM is increasing its small car lineup significantly in 2011-2013 MY. GM will launch the Spark (mini class), Sonic (subcompact class) and Cruze (compact class) under the Chevrolet brand. GM will also introduce small models for the first time under the Cadillac, Buick and GMC brands.

 It has been reported that GM will introduce a new family of 1.0 to 1.5L direct-injection turbo-charged gasoline engines through the end of this decade.

GM: Increasing small car lineup under all brands including Cadillac/Buick/GMC

Class Model Model
Year
Engine(Cylinder &
type, fuel system)
Transmission EPA fuel economy (mpg)
(Platform, etc.) City/highway/combined
Mini car Chevrolet Spark 2013 4-cyl. 1.2L
2013 (calendar year) Electric
Subcompact
car
Chevrolet Sonic 2012 4-cyl. 1.8L
4-cyl. 1.4L turbo
M5/A6
M6
(M5) 26/35/ -
Subcompact
CUV
GMC Granite 2013

4-cyl. 1.4L turbo
4-cyl. 2.0L turbo/

2.5L

M6
Compact
car
Chevrolet Cruze 2012 4-cyl. 1.8L
4-cyl. 1.4L turbo
M6
M6/A6
25/36/ -
26/38/ -
Cruze Eco (Note 1) 4-cyl. 1.4L turbo M6 w/OD 28/42/ -
Chevrolet Cruze 2014 Diesel
Buick Verano 2012 4-cyl. 2.4L
eAssist
21/31/ -
Cadillac ATS 2013 V6 3.0L/3.6L/4-cyl.
Compact
CUV
Buick Encore 2013
Source: GM press release 2011.1.10, Automotive News 2010.3.29/2011.7.25/2011.10.17
(Notes) 1. The Cruze Eco has achieved 42 mpg highway fuel performance using a manual transmission with OD, lightweight aluminum wheels, low rolling resistance tires, lower front grille air shutter, etc. "40 mpg highway" is considered an iconic number today in the United States.
2. GM reportedly will introduce 3- and 4-cylinder 1.0-L to 1.5-L direct-injection turbocharged gasoline engines through the end of this decade (vehicles powered by the 3-cylinder engine will be sold in markets other than North America).

 

GM: Fuel economy improvement plans for midsize and large vehicles

 Gasoline-fueled direct-injection 2.0L/2.4L/3.0L/3.6L engines are used on GM's light vehicles sold in the United States as of November 2011. The 2.0L engine on the Buick Regal and the 1.4L engine on the Chevrolet Cruze and Sonic are GM's only turbocharged engines but GM reportedly plans to introduce downsized turbocharged engines available in more models.

 GM's mild hybrid system, dubbed eAssist, is available on the Buick LaCrosse/Regal. The 2.4L engine integrating the eAssist system is standard on the 2012 Buick LaCrosse resulting in a 6 mpg improvement in city/highway fuel economy compared to the 2011 MY powered by the same 2.4L engine without the system.

 The eAssist system is one of the key features addressing better fuel economy performance and GM plans to make the system available primarily on midsize vehicles including Chevrolet Malibu/Equinox/Impala and GMC Terrain.

 GM plans to make the 8-speed AT available on the large-size SUV and full-size pickup at the time of full-remodeling in 2014 MY, along with the four-mode HV system deriving from the two-mode HV system. It has been reported that the full-size pickup will be powered by a V6 turbocharged engine.

Fuel economy improving technologies on other Chevrolet models

(Basic specifications of main models are shown in this and following tables)
Segment Model Model
Year
Engine(Cylinder &
type, fuel system)
Transmission EPA fuel economy (mpg)
(Platform etc.) City/highway/combined
Midsize car Malibu 2012 4-cyl. 2.4L
V6 3.6L
A6
A6
22/33/ -
17/26/ -
Malibu Eco 2013 eAssist
Midsize CUV Equinox
(Note 1)
2012 4-cyl. 2.4L DI A6 22/32/ -
2014 eAssist
Large car Impala
(Note 2)
2012 V6 3.6L DI A6 18/30/ -
2014 eAssist or
Plug-in Hybrid
Large CUV Traverse 2012 V6 3.6L DI A6 (AWD only) 16/23/ -
2013-2014 V6 3.0L
Large SUV Suburban 2012 V8 5.3L A6 15/21/ -
2014 A8
Tahoe 2012 V8 5.3L
V8 6.0L Hybrid
A6 15/21/ -
20/23/ -
2014
Four-mode Hybrid
A8
Full-size
Pickup
Silverado 2011 V8 4.8L
V6 4.3L
V8 6.0L Hybrid
A4
A4
14/19/ -
15/20/ -
20/23/ -
2014 V6 turbo
Four-mode Hybrid
A8
Volt 2012 Plug-in Hybrid
Source: GM website, Automotive News 2011.7.25
(Notes) 1. The 2011 Equinox was available with a V6 3.0L engine (with fuel economy level of 17/25 mpg), but the 2012 Equinox is not.
2. The 2011 Impala used 4-speed AT and 3.5L engine (with 18/29 mpg fuel economy) or 3.9L engine (17/27 mpg).

 

Fuel economy improving technologies on other Cadillac models

Segment Model Model
Year
Engine(Cylinder &
type, fuel system)
Transmission EPA fuel economy (mpg)
(Platform etc.) City/highway/combined
Midsize car CTS 2012 V6 3.6L DI
V6 3.0L DI
A6
M6
17/25/ -
18/27/ -
2014 (based on Alpha platform)
Midsize CUV SRX 2012 V6 3.6L DI A6 -
Large car XTS 2013 V6 3.6L + PHV
V6 twin turbo
Large CUV Not announced 2014 (based on Lambda platform)
Large SUV Escalade
Escalade Hybrid
2012 V8 6.2L
V8 6.0L Hybrid
A6 14/18/ -
20/23/ -
Escalade 2014 Four-mode Hybrid, A8 etc.

Source: Cadillac website, Automotive News 2011.7.25

 

Fuel economy improving technologies on other Buick models

Segment Model Model
Year
Engine(Cylinder &
type, fuel system)
Transmission EPA fuel economy (mpg)
(Platform etc.) City/highway/combined
Midsize Regal 2012 4-cyl. 2.0L DI turbo
4-cyl. 2.4L DI
4-cyl. 2.4L DI eAssist
A6
A6
A6
18/29/ -
19/31/ -
36 highway
LaCrosse 2012 V6 3.6L DI
4-cyl. 2.4L DI eAssist
A6
A6
17/27/-
25/36/ -
Large CUV Enclave 2012 V6 3.6L DI A6 17/24/ -

Source: Buick website, Automotive News 2011.3.22/2011.7.25
(Note) Buick Regal is a midsize sedan but the V6 engine is no longer available since 2011 MY.

 

Fuel economy improving technologies on other GMC models

Segment Model Model
Year
Engine(Cylinder &
type, fuel system)
Transmission EPA fuel economy (mpg)
(Platform etc.) City/highway/combined
Midsize CUV Terrain 2011 4-cyl. 2.4L DI
V6 3.0L DI
A6
A6
22/32/ -
17/24/ -
2014 eAssist
Large CUV Acadia 2011 V6 3.6L DI A6 17/24/ -
2013 V6 3.0L DI
Large SUV Yukon 2011
2012
V8 5.3L
V8 6.0L Hybrid
A6 15/21/ -
20/23/ -
2014
Four-mode Hybrid
A8
Full-size
Pickup
Sierra 1500 2011 V8 4.8L
V8 4.3L
V8 6.0L Hybrid
A4
A4
14/19/ -
15/20/ -
20/23/ -
2014 V6 turbo A8

Source: GMC website, Automotive News 2011.3.22/2011.7.25

 



Ford: Improving fuel economy with EcoBoost engines and 6-speed DCT

 Ford intends to be the industrial leader in the fuel economy race in all its segments primarily through the use of the direct-injection turbocharged EcoBoost engines and the 6-speed DCT. The company plans to have the EcoBoost engine, standard or optional, in over 90% of its vehicles sold in North America by the end of 2013.

 The 3-cylinder 1.0L EcoBoost engine being adopted in Europe in 2012 will be used on the 2013-2014 MY Focus and Fiesta as well.

 Ford has announced its Auto Start-Stop system will be used starting in 2012 in its vehicles sold in North America. Ford reportedly is studying the feasibility of 7-speed AT and 8-speed AT for commercial use in the future.

The EcoBoost engines used on the F-150 and the Explorer

 The 2010 F-150 used three types of V8 engines. The 2011 MY F-150 is powered by the standard V6 3.7L engine or one of the three available engines including the V6 3.5L EcoBoost and two types of new V8 engines (4 engines in total). According to Ford, the 2011 F-150 lineup delivers 20% better fuel economy performance compared to the 2010 MY.

 The first EcoBoost-powered F-150s rolled out in January 2011. They accounted for 41% of all F-150 sales in May-July period. Those powered by the V6 3.7L engine accounted for 15%, and accordingly, those powered by the V6 engines accounted for over 50% of all F-150s sold.

 The 2011 Explorer was transformed from the conventional body-on-frame construction to the crossover that shares the platform with passenger cars. This coincided with a change to the engine lineup that resulted in a significant improvement of fuel economy.

Comparison of engines on F-150 in 2011 MY and 2010 MY

2011 F-150 2010 F-150
Engine, transmission, mpg
(city/highway)
V8 6.2L + A6 (13/18) V8 5.4L E85 + A6 (10/14)
V8 5.0L + A6 (15/21) V8 5.4L + A6 (14/20)
V6 3.7L + A6 (17/23) V8 4.6L + A4 (15/19),
V8 4.6L + A6 (15/21)
V6 3.5L EcoBoost + A6 (16/22)
Source: Ford website, Automotive News 2010.7.19/2010.8.16/2011.8.15
(Notes) 1. The fuel economy figures represent the mpg of standard models (RWD, regular cab).
2. According to Ford, the V6 EcoBoost engine delivers the power and torque that normally belong to V8 power plants while keeping the mpg of the V6 counterpart. The V6 3.5L EcoBoost engine used on the 2011 F-150 overperforms the V6 3.7L engine also used on the 2011 F-150 (with similar mpg) and stands par with the V8 5.0L engine (see the table below).

 

Comparative performance of three engines used on 2011 F-150
V6 3.5L EcoBoost V6 3.7L V8 5.0L
MPG (city/highway) mpg 16/22 17/23 15/21
Horsepower 365hp 302hp 380hp
Torque 420 lb.-ft. 278 lb.-ft. 380 lb.-ft.

 

Comparison of 2011 MY and 2010 MY Explorer

2011 Explorer 2010 Explorer
Engine, transmission, mpg
(city/highway/combined)
(V8 engine was discontinued) V8 4.6L + A6(15/21/-)
V6 3.5L + A6 (18/25/20) V6 4.0L + A5 (14/20/-)
4-cyl. 2.0L EcoBoost + A6 (20/28/23) n.a.
Platform Based on passenger car body-on-frame
4WD Requires the V6 With either engine
Towing capabilities (with the V6) 5,000 lbs. (2,268kg) 7,000 lbs. (3,175kg)

Source: Ford website, Automotive News 2011.7.26/2011.8.2
(Note) Although Ford's 2011 Explorer is now built on a car-based platform, Ford claims it is a sophisticated SUV of high fuel performance and the AWD model powered by a V6 engine, in particular, is a SUV with good off-road performance.

 

Other Ford/Lincoln models

 Ford will make the EcoBoost engines available on five Ford models (F-150, Explorer, Edge, Taurus, Flex) and two Lincoln models (MKS, MKT) by the end of 2011.

 The 4-cylinder EcoBoost engine is now used on the midsize CUV Ford Edge and the large-size sedan Taurus that used to be powered by the V6 engines. Ford is likely to make the 4-cylinder EcoBoost available also on the Taurus's sister model, the Lincoln MKS.

 Ford is developing the V6 2.5L/V6 2.7L EcoBoost engines. It has been reported the 3-cylinder 1.0L EcoBoost engine, to be used on the Focus/C-Max in Europe in 2012, will also be used on the Ford Focus/Fiesta to be sold in North America.

 Ford is considering the possibility of adopting 8-speed AT on the Lincoln models in the future.

 

Fuel economy improving technologies on other Ford models

Segment Model Model
Year
Engine(Cylinder &
type, fuel system)
Transmission EPA fuel economy (mpg)
(Platform etc.) City/highway/combined
Subcompact
car
Fiesta 2012 4-cyl. 1.6L DCT6 29/39/33
M5 29/38/33
Fiesta SE with
SFE package
(Note 1)
4-cyl. 1.6L DCT6 29/40/33
Fiesta (Note 2) 2013-14 3-cyl. 1.0L
EcoBoost
Compact
car
Focus 2012 4-cyl. 2.0L DI A6
M5
28/38/31
26/36/30
Focus SE with
SFE package
(Note 1)
2012 4-cyl. 2.0L DI DCT6 28/40/33
Focus Electric 2012 Electric
Focus (Note 2) 2013-14 3-cyl. 1.0L
EcoBoost
Compact
minivan
C-Max 2013 Hybrid
C-Max Energi 2013 Plug-in Hybrid
Midsize
car
Fusion 2012 V6 3.5L
V6 3.0L
4-cyl. 2.5L
A6
A6
M6
18/27/21
20/28/23
22/32/25
Fusion Hybrid 2012 Hybrid e-CVT 41/36/39
Fusion 2014-2015 V6 2.5L EcoBoost
Midsize
CUV
Escape 2012 4-cyl. 2.5L
V6 3.0L
Hybrid
A6
A6
21/28/23
19/25/21
34/31/32
2013 (based on Kuga of Ford Europe)
Edge 2012 V6 3.5L
V6 3.7L
4-cyl. 2.0L EcoBoost
A6
A6
A6
19/27/22
19/26/22
21/30/24
Large car Taurus
(Note 3)
2012 V6 3.5L EcoBoost
V6 3.5L
A6
A6
(AWD only) 17/26/ -
(FWD)18/28/ -
2013 V6 3.5L EcoBoost
4-cyl. 2.0L EcoBoost
Large CUV Flex
(Note 3)
2012 V6 3.5L EcoBoost
V6 3.5L
A6
A6
(AWD only) 16/23/18
(FWD) 17/24/19
Source: Ford Website, press releases 2011.2.25/2011.3.14, Automotive News 2011.8.29
(Notes) 1. Ford Fiesta SE with SFE package and the Ford Focus SE with SFE package have achieved fuel economy level of 40 mpg highway through the use of 6-speed DCT, low rolling resistance tires, underbody shield that reduces air resistance, etc. (SFE stands for Super Fuel Economy).
2. Ford Europe has developed a 3-cylinder 1.0L EcoBoost engine. The new engine will be used on the Focus and C-Max to be launched in Europe in 2012 (announced during the 2011 Frankfurt Motor Show). Ford Europe has introduced 1.6L EcoBoost engine on the Mondeo since 2011 as well.
3. The AWD model is the only EcoBoost-powered car in the Ford Taurus and Flex families (also in Lincoln MKS and MKT families in the table below).

 

Fuel economy improving technologies on Lincoln models

Segment Model Model
Year
Engine(Cylinder &
type, fuel system)
Transmission EPA fuel economy (mpg)
(Platform etc.) City/highway/combined
Compact Small Crossover 2013 (based on Kuga of Ford Europe)
Midsize car MKZ
MKZ Hybrid
2012 V6 3.5L
Hybrid
A6
e-CVT
18/27/21
41/36/39
MKZ 2014-2015 V6 2.7L EcoBoost
Midsize CUV MKX 2012 V6 3.7L A6 19/26/22
Large car MKS 2012 V6 3.5L EcoBoost
V6 3.7L
A6
A6
(AWD only) 17/25/ -
(FWD) 17/25/ -
2013 V6 3.5L EcoBoost
4-cyl. 2.0L EcoBoost
Large CUV MKT 2012 V6 3.5L EcoBoost
V6 3.7L
A6
A6
(AWD only) 16/23/18
(FWD only) 17/24/20

Source: Ford Website, Automotive News 2011.8.29

 



Chrysler: Adopting Fiat's platform and a host of fuel economy improving technologies

 Chrysler Group's lineup consisted primarily of large-size vehicles powered by gas-guzzling high-power engines. In November 2009, Chrysler drew up a midterm business plan including plans to adopt a broad range of fuel economy improving technologies from Fiat with a goal of 25% improvement in average fuel economy from 2010 to 2014.

 Chrysler will produce a series of compact class and midsize cars based on the CUSW (Compact U.S. Wide) platform which is an extended and expanded version of Fiat's compact platform.

 Among fuel economy improving technologies, Chrysler will adopt Fiat's MultiAir technology in the 4-cylinder 2.0/2.4L engines and V6 Pentastar engines, as well as in the 1.4L engines to be used on the Fiat 500 and the successor model to the Dodge Caliber. Chrysler Group also plans to increase the availability of the dual clutch transmissions (DCT) and will also adopt 8-speed AT for rear-wheel drive vehicles and 9-speed AT for front-wheel drive vehicles.

 The 2012 MY Chrysler 300 and Dodge Charger have achieved a highway fuel economy level of 31 mpg using the 8-speed AT developed by ZF. The 6-speed DCT will be made available on the Chrysler 200 and Dodge Avenger in 2012 MY. The 9-speed AT will likely be made available on the successors to the 200/Avenger in 2014 MY.

 Chrysler will launch, in early 2012, a new compact car replacing the Dodge Caliber. The new car will be armed with a long list of technologies provided by Fiat, including MultiAir and 6-speed DCT, with an ultimate goal of achieving a combined fuel economy level of 40 mpg for its U.S. production vehicles, which is one of the conditions for Fiat gaining over 50% control over Chrysler (as agreed with the U.S. government).

Fuel economy improving technologies on Chrysler models

Segment Model Model
Year
Engine(Cylinder &
type, fuel system)
Transmission EPA fuel economy (mpg)
(Platform etc.) City/highway/combined
Compact
car (Note 1)
Not announced 2014 (based on CUSW platform)
Midsize car 200 (Note 2) 2012 4-cyl. 2.4L A6
A4
20/31/ -
21/30/ -
V6 3.6L A6 19/29/ -
mid-2012 DCT6
Successor to
200 (Note 2)
2014 (based on CUSW) A9
Large car 300 2012 V6 3.6L A8
A5
19/31/ -
18/27/ -
V8 5.7L A5 16/25/ -
Minivan Town & Country 2012 V6 3.6L A6 17/25/ -
Source: Chrysler website, Automotive News 2011.8.8
(Notes) 1. Chrysler brand is not represented in this segment now.
2. The successors to the Chrysler 200/Dodge Avenger (see the table below) will be developed on the CUSW (extended and expanded) compact platform.

 

Fuel economy improving technologies on Dodge models

Segment Model Model
Year
Engine(Cylinder &
type, fuel system)
Transmission EPA fuel economy (mpg)
(Platform etc.) City/highway/combined
Subcompact
car
The next Punto to
be imported
2014
Compact car Caliber 2012 4-cyl. 2.0L M5 24/32/ -
CVT 23/27/ -
Successor model
to the Caliber
(Note 1, 2)
2013 4-cyl. 1.4L MultiAir DCT6 40 mpg combined
4-cyl. 2.0L/2.4L
(redesigned)
Midsize car Avenger 2012 4-cyl. 2.4L A6 20/31/ -
A4 21/30/ -
V6 3.6L A6 19/29/ -
mid-2012 DCT6
2014 (based on CUSW) A9
Midsize CUV Journey 2012 V6 3.6L A6 17/25/ -
4-cyl. 2.4L A4 19/26/ -
Large car Charger 2012 V6 3.6L A8
A5
19/31/ -
18/27/ -
V8 5.7L A5 16/25/ -
Large SUV Durango 2012 V6 3.6L A5 16/23/ -
V8 5.7L A5 14/20/ -
n.a. A8
Source: Chrysler website, Automotive News 2011.8.8
(Notes) 1. The compact sedan succeeding to the Caliber, based on Fiat's CUSW platform, will integrate MultiAir, 6-speed DCT and other technologies provided by Fiat to achieve combined fuel economy of 40 mpg. It will be produced at Belvidere plant in Illinois, U.S.
2. The redesigned 4-cylinder 2.0L/2.4L engine on 2013 MY models will likely adopt MultiAir and other technologies provided by Fiat.

 

Fuel economy improving technologies on Jeep models

Segment Model Model
Year
Engine(Cylinder &
type, fuel system)
Transmission EPA fuel economy (mpg)
(Platform etc.) City/highway/combined
Subcompact B-Jeep
(tentative name)
2014 (based on Fiat platform)
Compact Successor to
Compass/Patriot
2014 (based on CUSW platform)
Small SUV Liberty 2014 (based on CUSW platform)
Midsize CUV Grand Cherokee 2012 V6 3.6L A5 17/23/ -
V8 5.7L A6 14/20/ -
n.a. V6 3.6L A8

Source: Chrysler website, Automotive News 2011.8.8

 

Fuel economy improving technologies on Ram/Fiat models

Segment Model Model
Year
Engine(Cylinder &
type, fuel system)
Transmission EPA fuel economy (mpg)
(Platform etc.) City/highway/combined
Midsize CV Ram CV 2012 V6 3.6L A6 17/25/ -
Full-size
pickup
Ram 1500 2012 V8 4.7L FFV
V8 5.7L
A6
A6
14/20/ -
14/20/ -
2014 V6 3.6L A8
Small CV 2014 (based on Fiat Doblo)
Large CV 2014

(based on Fiat Ducato or

Iveco Daily)

Fiat models
Mini car 500 2012 4-cyl. 1.4L MultiAir M5 30/38/33
500 Electric 2012

Source: Chrysler website, Automotive News 2011.8.8

<Automotive Industry Portal MarkLines>