CATARC report - March 2019: NEV trends in China
New energy vehicle production exceeds 50,000 units and declines by 48.1% m/m in February
Production volumes in China (Summary)
This report is based on a report by Beijing CATARC Automotive Technology Development Company*;
MarkLines has edited and translated the company's report to prepare this report. Click here for a list of CATARC reports.
Production volume of new energy vehicles (excluding vehicles equipped with a lead-acid battery) in February 2019 declined by 48.1% month-over-month (m/m) and increased by 43.1% year-over-year (y/y). The reason production volume declined by about half from the previous month was due to the consecutive holidays during the Spring Festival. Production volumes of new energy vehicles in February for electric vehicles (EVs) and plug-in hybrid vehicles (PHVs) accounted for 74% and 26%, respectively, of the production share. By vehicle type, production volumes of passenger cars, buses, and special-purpose vehicles accounted for 96%, 3%, and 1%, respectively, of the share. EV production declined by four points from the previous month due to the effects from policies, such as reduction of subsidies.
Production volumes in China
Twenty-eight automakers produced passenger EVs in February 2019, and ten of them produced over 1,000 units. By brand, BYD ranked first, followed by Emgrand. Most of the vehicles were equipped with a ternary battery.
Ten bus makers produced electric buses in February. Most of the buses were equipped with a lithium-iron phosphate battery.
Eighteen vehicle makers produced electric special-purpose vehicles in February. Most of the vehicles were equipped with either a lithium-iron phosphate battery or a ternary battery.
Fourteen automakers produced passenger PHVs in February 2019. By brand, BYD ranked first, followed by Roewe. Most of the vehicles were equipped with a ternary battery.
One bus maker produced plug-in hybrid buses in February. Most of the buses were equipped with a lithium-titanate battery.
Production volume of plug-in-hybrid special-purpose vehicles in February was one unit.
Production volume of fuel cell vehicles (FCVs) in February 2019 was 80 units, and most of the vehicles were equipped with a lithium-ion manganese-oxide battery.
Trends in China
CNCA reviews standards for mandatory certification of vehicle products
The Certification and Accreditation Administration of the People's Republic of China (CNCA) decided to use nine standards, such as GB19260-2016 (requirements for the structure of city buses with low floors and doors), as the basis for mandatory certification standards to strengthen supervision and control of vehicle product quality and to maintain the validity and reliability of mandatory product certifications. The conditions are as follows:
1. From the day of this public notice, the standard in the annex of this public notice based on the vehicle product certification of the following corresponding mandatory product certification enforcement regulations “mandatory product certification enforcement regulations—vehicles” (CNCA-C11-01) and “mandatory product certification list explanations and definition lists” (CNCA public notice, No. 45, 2014) will be added and certification bodies will issue certifications based on the standard.
2. Product certifications already acquired can be used for one year from the release of this public notice. Companies can have certifications switched in advance. Designated certification bodies will switch certifications during natural transitions, such as switch upon expiration, version change of a standard, or product change. Switching of relevant product certifications will be enforced based on the “public notice on conditions at the time standards for mandatory product certification are revised” (CNCA public notice, No. 4, 2012). If the product does not meet the conditions within the stipulated period, the designated certification body will dispose based on the “regulation to control mandatory product certifications” (General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine [AQSIQ] regulation No. 117).
3. Vehicles that have already been certified do not need to be retested if there are no new test items, and certifications can be directly switched to new ones. Vehicles will need to be tested if there are new test items, and if they pass the tests, new certifications will be provided. Products that have already been shipped, sold, or imported do not need to have their certifications switched to mandatory product certifications during the selling process, but they must conform to other relevant laws and regulations.
4. Based on the “public notice on conditions at the time standards for mandatory product certifications are revised” (CNCA public notice, No. 4, 2012) in addition to the revised regulations enforced in this public notice, standard inspection capability for new deliveries, and lab certification acquirement status, each designated certification body and lab must notify the CNCA by June 30, 2019.
Mandatory certification standards for vehicle products that have been newly added
|No.||Standard number and title||Explanation of enforced standard|
|1||GB 19260-2016 Requirements for the structure of city buses with low floors and low doors|
|2||GB 22757.2-2017 Fuel-efficiency measurements of mini vehicles part 2: externally-connected, rechargeable hybrid EVs and EVs|
|3||GB 26149-2017 Performance requirements and test methods for passenger-car tire-pressure monitoring systems||Article 5.1 If the vehicle meets the standard, conditions for parts alone will not be set.|
|4||GB 34655-2017 Requirements for the placement of fire extinguishers in buses|
|5||GB 34659-2017 Performance requirements and measurement methods for vehicle and trailer scattering-control systems|
|6||GB 34660-2017 Requirements and test methods for electromagnetic compatibility of road vehicles||Tests on vehicles will only be conducted.
Tests can be conducted according to this standard or GB 14023 at the applicant's request within the transition period stipulated in the standard.
|7||GB 36220-2018 Technical requirements for fuel truck safety|
|8||GB/T 34657.2-2017 Measurement standards for conductive charging of EVs part 2: electrified vehicle|
|9||GB/T 34658-2017 Communication-protocol compatibility tests between EVs not equipped with a conductive charger and battery control system|
Premier Li Keqiang reports government activities
At the 13th National People's Congress (NPC) second meeting held on March 5th, Premier Li Keqiang gave a report on the overall plan of government activities in 2019. He added that vehicle consumption would be stabilized and preferential policies for purchasing new energy vehicles would stay in effect. The activity plans are as follows.
To accelerate the development of emerging industries, deeper research on big data and artificial intelligence (AI) will be conducted, and growth of emerging industries―such as new generation information technology, advanced equipment, biopharmaceuticals, new energy vehicles, and new materials―and the digital economy will be promoted.
Focus will be put on attracting foreign investment. By easing restrictions on entry into the market and narrowing the entry-restriction list of foreign investments, foreign companies will be allowed to manage their own investments in many areas. Legal rights protection of foreign companies will also be strengthened.
Construction of distinctive free-trade zones in China will be explored. Expansion of reform and innovation autonomies of free-trade zones, expansion of the Shanghai Free-Trade Zone (SFTZ) area, and construction of the Hainan Free Trade Zone will be promoted. Reform of model spots relative to national economic development zones, high-tech zones, and new zones will be established. Establishment of a “new high ground” that is open to reform will be supported.
Miao Wei abolishes subsidies for new energy vehicles in 2021
Minister Miao Wei of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) announced that credit calculations and transactions for fiscal 2016 and 2017, in which 118 passenger car makers participated, had ended. A total of eleven provinces and cities publicly issued regulations on road test standards for connected cars and issued approximately 60 license plates for tests. Relevant departments are currently enacting subsidy policies for 2019 and will gradually reduce the impact from the abolition of subsidies in 2021.
SAMR and CNIS publicly issues world’s first technical standard that sets energy index for EVs
The State Administration for Market Regulation (SAMR) and the China National Institute of Standardization (CNIS) have publicly issued standards for 646 items, such as the “energy-consumption rate limits for EVs”. The “energy-consumption rate limit for EVs” is a technical standard that sets the world's first EV energy index and extends to many areas, such as road traffic and new energy vehicles.
The standard promotes the development of technologies to reduce energy consumption of EVs and the development of a strong new energy vehicle industry. The standard specifies that the energy-consumption rate limit is 13.1 KWh /100 km for EVs with 3-row seats or less, a maximum speed of 120 km/h or greater, and a vehicle weight of 750 kg or less.
Hainan government issues “plan for clean energy vehicle development in Hainan” and prohibits all sales of gasoline vehicles in Hainan in 2030
On March 5, the Hainan provincial government publicly issued a “plan for clean energy vehicle development in Hainan Province” (hereinafter the “plan”). The Hainan provincial government set clean energy targets and road maps for each vehicle segment, and is the first agency in China to take such action. The government also released a schedule to prohibit the sale of gasoline and diesel vehicles in 2030.
The plan sets targets to meet the overall goal for “green mobility in new Hainan” in 2030 into three stages―2020, 2025, and 2030. Goals for clean energy for the public service sector will be achieved by 2020 and that for the social management sector will be achieved by 2025. As for privately-owned vehicles, the government is planning to raise the standard for clean energy to that of the international level by 2030. It plans to do so by restricting the number of engine vehicles from increasing and encouraging owners to replace their engine vehicles with clean energy vehicles.
The Hainan provincial government has launched a clean energy activity proposal for government vehicles. It will apply the China IV emission standards for mini vehicles throughout Hainan Province ahead of schedule. This will prevent air pollution from old medium- and heavy-duty diesel vehicles. The government will initiate the plan to limit the number of gasoline and diesel vehicles entering into Hainan Island around 2025. Furthermore, it will prohibit the sale of gasoline and diesel vehicles throughout Hainan Province in 2030.
Energy-saving and new energy vehicle network www.chinaev.org
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