CATARC report - August 2017: NEV trends in China
New energy vehicle production stabilizes in July; significant increases for passenger PHVs
Production volumes in China (Summary)
This report is based on a report by Beijing CATARC Automotive Technology Development Company*;
MarkLines has edited and translated the company's report to prepare this report. Click here for a list of CATARC reports.
Production volume of new energy vehicles (electric vehicles [EVs], plug-in hybrid vehicles [PHVs], and fuel cell vehicles [FCVs]; excluding vehicles equipped with a lead-acid battery) in July 2017 in China increased by15% month-over-month (m/m) and by 74% year-over-year (y/y). Ratio of EV to PHV was 8:2. By vehicle type, production volume of passenger cars, buses, and special-purpose vehicles accounted for 72%, 11%, and 17%, respectively, of the production share.
Production volumes in China
Production volume of new energy vehicles by type in Jul. 2017 (Rounded figures)
(Note) EV and PHV figures are rounded to the nearest hundred.
Production volume of EVs in July 2017 increased by 7% m/m and 96% y/y. Production volume of passenger EVs and electric buses declined from the previous month and that of electric special-purpose vehicles increased by 68% m/m.
Production volume of passenger EVs in July slightly declined. The most produced model was the Beiqi New Energy EC180, ranking first for the first time in three months. 28 automakers produced passenger EVs in July, and 11 of them produced more than 1,000 units. By battery type, most of the vehicles were equipped with a ternary battery for safety reasons; 69% of the automakers equipped their vehicles with this battery. Other than a ternary battery, vehicles were equipped with a lithium-iron phosphate battery, lithium-ion manganese-oxide battery, or composite battery, accounting for 28%, 2%, and 1%, respectively, of the production share.
Production volume of electric buses in July slightly declined from the previous month and increased by 63% y/y. 30 bus makers produced electric buses in July. By battery type, most of the buses were equipped with a lithium-iron phosphate battery, followed by a lithium-ion manganese-oxide battery and ternary battery. The majority of the electric buses have a length of 10 m or greater.
Production volume of electric special-purpose vehicles in July was approximately twice that of the previous month; production was the highest in 2017. 53 vehicle makers produced electric special-purpose vehicles in July.
Production volume of PHVs in July 2017 was 1.6-fold that of the previous month. Of the PHVs, production volume of passenger PHVs increased the highest at 71% m/m. Seven automakers produced passenger PHVs in July of which BYD produced the most vehicles. By battery type, vehicles equipped with a ternary battery accounted for 95% of the production share and those equipped with a lithium-iron phosphate battery accounted for 5%.
Production volume of plug-in hybrid buses increased by 14% m/m. 17 bus makers produced plug-in hybrid buses in July; however, only five of them produced more than 100 vehicles.
Trends in China
MIIT releases “sixth and seventh 2017 recommended model list for prevalence of new energy vehicles”
On July 6, 2017, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of China released the “sixth 2017 recommended model list for the prevalence of new energy vehicles.” 201 models were registered in this list and the breakdown by vehicle type was as follows: 22 passenger car models (18 EVs and four PHVs), 122 bus models (91 EVs and 31 PHVs/HVs), and 57 electric special-purpose vehicle models. As for the brand, the four passenger PHV models were made up by the following brands: two Great Wall WEY models and two BYD models. The 18 passenger EV models were made up by the following: Dongfeng Fengshen, Hunan, Zotye, Changan, Jiangling, Haima, Kawei, BAIC, Foton, etc.
On July 31, 2017, the MIIT of China released the “seventh 2017 recommended model list for the prevalence of new energy vehicles.” 282 models were registered in this list. 41of them were passenger car models of which 38 were EVs and three were PHVs. The three passenger PHVs were made up by the following brands: Hongqi car, Chery car, and Hanteng MPV. The 38 passenger EV models were made up by the following: Dongfeng, Junfeng, Changhe, BAIC, Great Wall, Emgrand, Geely Meiri, YUDO, BYD, Zotye, Haima, Changan, Golden Motors World, Karry, Taixing Chenggong, Kawei., Yogomo, etc.
MIIT releases 11th “list of new energy vehicles exempted from vehicle purchase taxes”
On July 6, 2017, the MIIT released the 11th “list of new energy vehicles exempted from vehicle purchase taxes.” 665 new energy vehicle models were registered in this list and the breakdown by vehicle type was as follows: 34 passenger EV models, 382 electric bus models, two electric truck models, 139 electric special-purpose vehicles, five passenger PHV models, 101 plug-in hybrid bus models, one fuel-cell bus model, and one fuel-cell special-purpose vehicle model. The five passenger PHV models were made up by the following brands: Audi Q7e-tron、BYD Tang、BYD Song、Chongqing Changan, Eado PHV, and Trumpchi GA6 PHV.
Xiamen municipal government releases notice on new energy vehicle subsidies for 2017 to 2020
On July 3, 2017, the Xiamen Municipal Bureau of Economic and Information Technology released a “notice on the payment method of financial subsidies for the prevalence of new energy vehicles in Xiamen City from 2017 to 2020.” The implementation period for this method is from January 1, 2017 through December 31, 2020.
New energy vehicles that are sold in Xiamen City and issued a license plate by the city are subject to the subsidy. Furthermore, the vehicle must be registered in China’s “recommended model list for the prevalence of new energy vehicles” and be subject to subsidies paid by the central government. The subsidy amount that the municipal government will pay is 50% of that paid by the central government.
As for charging stands, the municipal government will pay a subsidy of 30% of the investment amount of public and private charging facilities that are to be newly built. In addition, the government will pay CNY 495/kw to DC charging facilities and CNY 150/kW to AC charging facilities as subsidies.
Shenzhen municipal government pays subsidy of 50% of that paid by central government for new energy vehicles in 2017
On July 2017, the Shenzhen Municipal Finance Committee and the Development and Reform Commission jointly released the “2017 financial support policy for the prevalence of new energy vehicles in Shenzhen City.” Main conditions are as follows.
- Vehicle purchase subsidy: For passenger EVs, passenger PHVs, electric buses, electric trucks, and electric special-purpose vehicles, the municipal government will pay a subsidy of 50% of that paid by the central government. For FCVs, the government will pay the same amount of subsidy paid by the central government.
- Charging-facility construction subsidy: Based on the capacity of the charging facility, the government will pay subsidies of CNY 600/kW to DC charging facilities and CNY 300/kW to AC charging facilities.
- Secondary-battery collection subsidy: The government will pay subsidies to secondary battery makers and to companies that have established a recycling system with a battery recycling company in Shenzhen City.
- The new energy vehicle must be registered in China’s “recommended model list for the prevalence of new energy vehicles” to be subject to the subsidy.
- When a non-individual user purchases a new energy vehicle and applies for subsidy, the cruising range of the vehicle must have reached 30,000 km (excluding special-purpose vehicles used for work).
- Those who receive financial subsidies from the Shenzhen municipal government for the purchase of a new energy vehicle must not move its license plate registration out from Shenzhen City for two years (based on the registration date of the vehicle).
Yema New Energy launches EC30
On August 8, 2017, Yema Automobile Co., Ltd. launched the EC30, which is the EV version of the seven-seater M70 MPV. The selling price is CNY 128,800. The vehicle comes equipped with a powertrain with a maximum output of 117 hp, a motor with a maximum torque of 270 Nm, and a ternary lithium-ion battery with a capacity of 47.17 kWh. The cruising range of the vehicle is 255 km, capable of reaching 320 km at constant speed.
Beijing Hyundai launches Elantra EV
On August 7, 2017, Beijing Hyundai Motor Co., Ltd. launched the Elantra EV. The cruising range of the vehicle is 270 km. Selling price is from CNY 198,800 to 202,800. After deduction of the subsidy paid by the Beijing municipal government, the price will become CNY 110,800 to 113,800. In addition to the subsidy of CNY 66,000 paid by the central and local governments, a subsidy of CNY 23,000 will be paid from the automaker’s environmental protection fund.
Taiwan succeeds in trial run of driverless bus conducted on roads
The first driverless bus in Taiwan successfully passed trial runs, which was conducted on roads for public buses in Taipei City. The driverless EZ10 bus was purchased from France by the Science and Technology Corporation (STC). The bus holds 12 passengers (includes seats for six persons to sit and space for six persons to stand) and is equipped with six optical radars, which measures its distance and prevents collisions. During the trial runs, the bus traveled at a speed of 20 km/h or less (maximum speed is 40 km/h), and the bus automatically stopped when there was an obstacle.
Public buses in Shenzhen City to become 100% electric from September
The Shenzhen municipal government will replace all of its non-electric public buses (except for a few for emergencies) with electric public buses from September 2017. As one of the 13 cities appointed as the model city for the prevalence of energy-efficient and new energy vehicles, the government is promoting the prevalence of various new energy vehicles in Shenzhen City.
Energy-saving and new energy vehicle network www.chinaev.org
CATARC Beijing Operations
The China Automotive Technology & Research Center (CATARC) is affiliated with the State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission of the State Council (SASAC). CATARC assists the government in such activities as formulation of auto standards and technical regulations, product certification testing, quality system certification, industry planning, policy research, information services, and common technology research.
The Energy-Saving and New Energy Vehicle Network information service provided by CATARC offers timely information on energy saving and new energy sources, and has functions that include marketing and technology consulting, research, and forecasting.