CATARC report - April 2015: New Energy Vehicle trends in China

Increased production in March 2015 driven by electric passenger cars

2015/05/12

Production volumes in China (Summary)



This report is based on a report by Beijing CATARC Automotive Technology Development Company*;
MarkLines has edited and translated the company's report to prepare this report. Click here for a list of CATARC reports.


Fig. 1 Production volume of electrified vehicles (Jan. to Mar. 2015)

  Production volume of electrified vehicles in March 2015 in China increased by 144.2% month-over-month (m/m) and by 200% year-over-year (y/y) to 14,417 units (548 vehicles equipped with lead-acid batteries were included). Production volume was sluggish until February 2015; however, it rapidly increased in March, exceeding 10,000 units in a single month. Production volume of electrified vehicles exceeded 10,000 units in 2014 in the months of September, November, and December.

  Production volume in the first quarter of 2015 exceeded 28,000 units. Average monthly production volume was a little under 10,000 units. Looking at the trend up to March 2015, there is a possibility that production volume of electric vehicles for 2015 will exceed 150,000 units.



Production volumes in China

Table 1 Production volume of electrified vehicles by vehicle type in Mar. 2014 / Jan. to Mar. 2015

Type
Mar. 2014
Jan. 2015
Feb. 2015
Mar. 2015
Passenger PHVs
590
2,281
1,661
3,315
PHV buses
970
871
694
802
Passenger EVs
1,894
2,797
2,207
7,828
EV buses
547
1,154
659
1,981
EV special-purpose vehicles
93
273
156
457
Passenger HVs
709
800
525
34
HV buses
2
1
1
0
Total
4,805
8,177
5,903
14,417


Table 2 Production volume of electrified vehicles by vehicle type in Mar. 2015

 
HV
PHV
EV
Total
Passenger car
34
3,315
7,828
11,177
Bus
0
802
1,981
2,783
Special-purpose vehicle
0
0
457
457
Total
34
4,117
10,266
14,417



Fig. 2 Electrified vehicle production shares by vehicle type (Mar. 2015)

PHV

  Production volume of passenger plug-in hybrid vehicles (PHVs) in March 2015 was 3,315 units, which accounted for 81% of the PHV production share and exceeded that of the previous month. Four automakers produced passenger PHVs in March. The automakers that produced passenger PHVs were BYD, Shanghai Automotive Industry Corporation (SAIC), Brilliance BMW, and Guangzhou Automobile Group Co., Ltd. BYD maintained its lead in production volume of PHVs, following the previous month. BYD’s production volume accounted for 59% of PHV production share and 73% of passenger PHV production share. SAIC placed second to BYD and its production volume accounted for 18% of PHV production share.

  Production volume of PHV buses in March 2015 was 802 units. 15 bus makers produced PHV buses in March. The PHV bus makers were Yutong, China South Locomotive & Rolling Electric Vehicles, Shanghai Wanxiang Automobile, Suzhou King Long Bus, Xiamen Golden Dragon Bus, Beiqi Foton, Zhongtong Bus, and Hengtong Bus, to name a few. Total production volume of the top five bus makers accounted for 76% of PHV bus production share. Their production ratio expanded from the previous month.

EV

  Production volume of passenger electric vehicles (EVs) in March 2015 was 7,828 units, which accounted for 76% of EV production share. 18 automakers produced passenger EVs in March. The top five automakers were Zhejiang Geely, Hunan Jiangnan Automobile Manufacturing, Beijing Automotive Industry Holding Co., Ltd. (BAIC), Chery (vehicles equipped with lead-acid batteries were 363 units), and BYD. The top five’s total production volume accounted for 75% of EV production share and  98% of passenger EV production share.

  Production volume of EV buses in March was 1,981 units, which accounted for 19% of EV production share. 24 bus makers produced EV buses in March. The top five EV bus makers were Yutong, Dongfeng Motor, King Long Suzhou, Anhui Ankai Automobile, and Nanjing King Long Bus. The top five’sr total production volume accounted for 60% of EV bus production share.

  19 automakers produced EV specialty vehicles in March. The top five automakers were Chongqing Ruichi Automobile, Nanjing Nac Special Purpose Vehicle, Fujian New Ryoma Automobile, Wuhu Baoqi, and Zhonglian Zhongke.

Electrified vehicle import

  The number of electrified vehicles that were imported in March 2015 was 1,077 units. All of the vehicles that were imported were passenger cars. Of the vehicles that were imported, 528 units were EVs, 502 units were hybrid vehicles (HVs), and 47 units were PHVs. Tesla Motors vehicles accounted for 98% of EV import share. Following Tesla Motors vehicles, the numbers of Volkswagen and BMW vehicles that were imported were fewer than 10 units, respectively. Most of the HVs that were imported were Toyota vehicles (423 units), followed by Porsche vehicles.



Trends in China

Ministry of Transport of the Government of the People's Republic of China: promotes new energy vehicle usage, and requests each local government for unrestricted traffic and purchase

  On March 18, 2015, the Ministry of Transport (MOT) of the Government of the People's Republic of China introduced the “promotion measures of new energy vehicles for the transportation industry.” In the promotion measure, MOT aims to increase the number of new energy vehicles used in areas, such as public transportation, taxis, and logistics delivery, to 300,000 units by 2020. In addition, MOT will accelerate the prevalence of new energy vehicles by establishing infrastructures for these vehicles. Furthermore, MOT will give priority for business rights of public urban buses and taxis to transportation companies that frequently or only uses new energy vehicles. MOT is requesting each local government for unrestricted traffic and purchase of new energy vehicles and grant priority for business rights to taxi companies that uses these vehicles.

Beijing municipal government introduces “guide map of public charging facilities,” completes installation of charging facilities in approximately 200 locations, and starts operations of charging facilities in 72 locations

  In March 2015, Beijing New Energy Vehicle Promotion Center issued the “Beijing guide map of public charging facilities” (February 2015 edition). According to the guide map, Beijing charging facilities in 72 locations has started operations as of the end of February 2015. 427 direct current (DC) chargers and 232 alternating current (AC) chargers have been installed. Furthermore, installation of new charging facilities in 123 locations has been completed and these facilities will start operations after trial run. 467 DC chargers and 267 AC chargers have been installed at the new facilities. Individual users can also use these charging facilities.

  According to the February edition of the charging facility guide map, approximately 200 of the charging facilities that are currently or will be operating have been installed in almost all areas of Beijing City, with the exception of Pinggu District. Charging facilities are mainly installed in parking spaces, electric power company offices, highway service areas, new energy vehicle 4S (sale, spare parts, service, and survey) shops, car rental offices, large shopping malls, gas stations that meet the necessary installation conditions, tourist sites, and parking spaces at the side of roads. As for the normal charging and fast charging breakdown, 894 DC chargers and 499 AC chargers have been installed. This is consistent with "public charging facilities will mainly provide fast charging" that was announced earlier by the Beijing municipal government.

Beijing City: electrified vehicles to be exempt from traffic regulations; license plates can be obtained for import EVs

  On April 2, 2015, the Beijing municipal government announced that it will continue to implement traffic regulations based on last-digit plate numbers of vehicles during weekdays from April 11, 2015 to April 10, 2016. This is in accordance to the provisions of the “Road Traffic Safety Law of the People's Republic of China” and “Beijing City Air Pollution Control Regulations.” Traffic regulation hours are from 7:00 to 20:00. Roads within the area of 5th Ring Road are subject to the regulations (the 5th Ring Road is excluded). The point of focus in this regulation is that passenger EVs (excluding HVs and PHVs) are not subject to traffic regulations in certain districts during peak hours on weekdays only. Specific implementation hours will be announced by the Beijing Traffic Management Bureau.

  A bill on new energy passenger cars was passed in Beijing City. New energy vehicle license plates can also be obtained for import EVs. In 2015, the government also expects that a regulation will pass to encourage organizations and individuals, having plans to purchase passenger cars or replace passenger cars that they own, to purchase new energy vehicles.

Chengdu municipal government introduces new energy vehicle preference policy

  On April 13, 2015, the Chengdu municipal government introduced the “Chengdu Municipal People’s Government policy on stable economy growth.” In this policy, the Chengdu municipal government encourages investment in charging facilities for new energy vehicles and installation of chargers in parking spaces owned by individuals. For those who invest in charging facilities or installs chargers are paid subsidies by the government. Purchase of new energy vehicles has been promoted in the public service sector. Local governments pay subsidies amounting to 60% of what the central government pays. In addition, new energy vehicles are not subject to traffic regulations based on last-digit plate numbers. The vehicles are also exempt from parking fees at public parking spaces that were invested and built through state-owned capital.

BYD exhibits e5, T3, Shang, Tang, Song, and Yuan at Shanghai Motor Show

  The Shanghai Motor Show opened on April 20, 2015. BYD exhibited vehicles, such as the Tang, Song, Yuan, dual-mode-equipped Shang MPV, e5 (exhibited for the first time), and T3. The e5 will be used as an EV taxi and the T3 will be used as an EV for logistics.

  The compact SUV Song is a dual-mode version of the BYD S3. If the vehicle becomes subject to subsidies, the vehicle price range will be from CNY 120,000 to 160,000. The vehicle dimensions are: 4,565 mm in length, 1,830 mm in width, 1,703 mm in height, and 2,660 mm in wheelbase.

  The compact SUV Yuan is a dual-mode version of the BYD S1. The vehicle dimensions are: 4,320 mm in length, 1,765 mm in width, 1,650 mm in height, and 2,520 mm in wheelbase. The vehicle has a characteristic of driving with a 1.5 L engine and two motors.

BMW and Potevio New Energy Co., Ltd. install 200 chargers in Beijing City

  BMW delivered 200 units of its AC chargers to Potevio New Energy Co., Ltd.’s Beijing Branch. This charger is mainly for BMW EV users to charge vehicles, such as the BMW i3, i8, and Brilliance BMW Zinoro, in public places. Since China and Germany uses the same charging ports, it will be possible for the charger to charge EVs other than BMW EVs.

  According to Potevio New Energy officials, the company plans to further increase the number of chargers in Beijing City in 2015. DC chargers are mainly used in public charging facilities in Beijing City. However, the company has added 200 BMW AC chargers to its charger construction plan and will install them according to BMW users’ usage environment.

Reference:
Energy-saving and new energy vehicle network www.chinaev.org
CATARC Beijing Operations

The China Automotive Technology & Research Center (CATARC) is affiliated with the State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission of the State Council (SASAC). CATARC assists the government in such activities as formulation of auto standards and technical regulations, product certification testing, quality system certification, industry planning, policy research, information services, and common technology research.
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